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this process appear. “It is extremely We begin with Moss baskets, made difficult,” remarks Mrs. Child, “to find of cardboard, "neatly lined" and covsuch forfeits as are neither dangerous ered with bunches of dried moss, sewa not unladylike.” Judging by the sam- or glued on. Imitation moss, we are ples given it would appear even more instructed, may be made of worsted, difficult to find any which could con- knitted, “washed and dried by a genceivably afford amusement either to tle heat in order to keep it curled," performer or to onlooker. As a mere then unravelled and

in intellectual exercise, hockey is infinite- bunches. Mrs. Child reports that she ly superior.

has seen baskets of this kind with colAfter Games, comes a section devoted ored chalk eggs lying in them. "I -the differentiation is suggestive—to thought them extremely pretty, but I Active Exercises, among which is in- should not have thought them so bad eluded Cup-and-Ball. In this division they been real eggs stolen from a poor Mrs. Child-a born reformer-exhibits suffering bird.” Alum baskets appear views of a daring kind. Under the to be merely baskets of wicker or wire head of Bow-and-Arrow, she remarks: rendered ornamental-and useless—by "Of all things in the world, health is being first wound round with worsted the most important. I fear our little and then suspended in a jar containing girls do not take enough exercise in the saturated solution of alum. The alum, open air." She proceeds to give a which may be previously colored, will series of exercises, with and without form crystals all over the basket; and apparatus, and describes them as "Cal. it is noted that "a group of crystals of isthenic." "This hard name," she ex- different colors form a very pretty orplains, "is given to a gentler sort of nament for a chimney-piece. They gymnastics suited to girls. The ex- must be made by suspending some rugercises have been very generally intro- ged substance, such as a peach-stone, duced into the schools of England. a half-burned stick, &c., in the boiling Many people think them dangerous be- solution." Allspice baskets are to be cause they confound them with the composed of allspice berries, softened ruder and more daring gymnastics of by soaking in brandy, and strung on boys; but such exercises are selected as slender wire “twisted into such a form are free from danger; and it is be- as you please." "A gold bead between lieved that they tend to produce vig- every two berries gives a rich appearorous muscles, graceful motion, and ance." One may venture to surmise symmetry of form." Several of the ex- that the soaking in brandy must also ercises are illustrated, and No. 13 ac- have given a rich and highly refined tually shows a short-waisted and short- perfume. Bead baskets are to be sleeved young lady swinging on a hori. made in a similar manner. Rice or zontal bar, her minute feet well off the shell baskets again demand a cardground.

board foundation papered over. This The fourteen pages devoted to Active is to be "covered with grains of rice, Exercises are succeeded by ten dealing bugles of different colors” (does the with Baskets, and twenty-one dealing bugle, that elongated bead of our childwith Ornaments. Here, then, we come hood, still exist?), “or very small delito the “accomplishments" of the "older cate shells, put on with gum and argenerations," the "elegant” and “ady. ranged in such figures as suit your like” employments of those leisure fancy." Of the Wafer basket the hours which seem to have been so en- frame is once more made of cardboard viably numerous.

"bound neatly at the edges with gilt BCLECTIC.

560

VOL. LXXIX.

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paper,” a material copiously employed Paper-ball baskets and Paper-rosetto in the decorative labors of 1835. Hav- baskets. Both belong to the favorite ing prepared the framework, “take the type; the cardboard frame, covered smallest wafers you can get,” make with paper and bound to taste with a them according to a prescribed meth- gilt edging, being used as a background od, into outstanding stars or rosettes, for gummed-on decorations. These and "when you have enough prepared, decorations consist, in the latter case, wet the bottoms and fasten them on of rosettes produced by artful folding of the basket in such forms as you please. narrow strips of paper, and in the ... The handle may be decorated in former of "little rolls of paper about the same manner as the basket," but as large as a quill and as long as your “if it is likely to be handled much," nail, ... These little rolls are made Mrs. Child wisely advises that it should to keep together by means of gum ararather be ornamented with ribbon. bic. When of different colored paper This advice recalls the "filigree bas- and neatly made they are rather pretket" manufactured by Miss Edge- ty.” This description serves to eluci. worth's Rosamond as a birthday pres- date a dark passage of Miss Austen's ent for her cousin Bell, and the uneasi- Sense and Sensibility, where Miss Lucy ness of the maker when her father Steele is engaged like Rosamond in "rather roughly" took hold of the making a “filigree" basket, and Miss handle. "Starting off the coach seat, Elinor Dashwood helps her to "roll her she cried, 'Oh, sir! father! sir! You papers.” will spoil it indeed,' said she with in- The elaborate construction of the creased vehemence, when, after draw- paper-rosette basket forms the climax ing aside the veil of silver paper, she and conclusion of the article Baskets; saw him grasp the myrtle-wreathed and we pass on to Ornaments, reflecthandle. 'Indeed, sir, you will spoil the ing, perhaps, as we turn the leaf, that poor handle.' ‘But what is the use of not one of these baskets would serve the poor handle,' said her father, if we to carry anything, that none of them are not to take hold of it? And pray,' would bear thoroughly washing, and continued he, turning the basket round that most of them seem especially dewith his finger and thumb, in rather a signed for the collection of dust. disrespectful manner, 'pray is this the Among ornaments the first place is thing you have been about all this given to Imitation China. The requiweek? I have seen you, all this week, sites are "a prettily shaped tumbler of dabbing with paste and rags; I could clear glass," an engraving to be colnot conceive what you were about. Is ored “as much like china as you can,” this the thing?""

gold paper, and "gold paper edging." Miss Edgeworth, it is to be feared, The engraving is fitted in to the tumwould have read with little respect the bler, the necessary joins covered by a directions for basket-making in the strip of gold paper, and a band of the Girl's Own Book. These are not yet ex- same employed to cover the glass base hausted. There are enumerated bas- of the tumbler, while gold paper binds kets of melon-seeds, of feathers, of together glass and paper at the top. A cloves-on the pattern of the allspice circle of white paper nicked like a jambasket-of straw, of lavender and pot cover, is pressed into the bottom, and most mysterious-of straw and “milli- “when it is finished not one in a hun. net"; these last being admittedly “frag- dred could tell it from French china ile things intended rather for orna- without close examination." To this ment than use."

Finally there are art also Miss Austen makes allu

sion; the Misses Bennet, waiting in opinion that “strips of light green paper their aunt's drawing-room for the gen- cut in this way and hung in festoons tlemen to come in from the dinner-ta- about mirrors, pictures, entry lamps, ble, “had nothing to do but wish for &c., look very pretty." A variety of paper an instrument and examine their own cutting produces candle ornaments-a indifferent imitations of china on the kind of eight-petalled blossom with the mantel-piece." Let it not, however, candle as pistil. These may be dyed be hastily supposed that such chimney to “the bright green usually sold" or ornaments served no purpose. Mrs. to a "fine yellow.” Lacework cuttings Child points out that they form “pret- are also recommended; made of tissue ty receptacles" for "alumets." By the paper they may serve as "a very tasteelegant name of “alumets” Mrs. Child ful ornament for candlesticks,” and denotes those "candle-lighters" or their beauty will be "greatly increased “spills” which Miss Matty, of Cran- by dipping into hot spermeceti.” “Some ford, piqued herself upon making "of people obtain glass dust from the colored paper so as to resemble feath- glass-house and sprinkle it on while ers." Mrs. Child, after candidly own- the spermaceti is warm. It looks very ing that "these colored papers are brilliant, but is apt to fall in a warm principally for show," instructs us how room." Quitting the subject of cut to produce amazing effects. "Two pa- paper, we enter a region of science. pers of different colors wound on the We engrave eggshells by sketching on same stem, or gold paper and white them with melted tallow and leaving paper wound together, are,” she ob- the eggshell to soak in very strong serves, “very beautiful." Having suf- vinegar until the acid eats away the ficiently adorned the parlor mantel- ungreased surface; we make a leadpiece with “alumets" stuck into tum- tree, a tin-tree or a silver-tree by susblers of imitation china, a young lady pending zinc wire in the appropriate might turn her attention to making a solution and suffering branching crysstraw cottage. She would run straws tals to form themselves upon it as on through a cardboard foundation, and a stem. The destination of these obthrough a roof of thick drawing-paper, jects is not expressly mentioned, but no and would gum flat straws upon this doubt they would find a resting-place roof and its gable ends. Persons of upon

mantel-shelf. Various enterprise might go so far as to con- branches of artistic decoration close struct "little temples, summer-houses the section. There is Poonah painting, and pagodas after a similar fashion, in which color is scrubbed on as dry with round or six-sided roofs, and an as possible through the holes of a sucacorn or some little ornament gummed cession of paper stencil-plates; shadow upon the top." "A cottage looks pret- landscapes, in which the light parts ty with very, very little artificial flow- of a traced or copied picture are cut ers introduced among the straws to a way and the paper then held up to the imitate woodbine."

light; paper landscapes, in which the Passing by the manufacture of paper shadows are formed by varied thickhandscreens-in which gold paper once nesses of stuck-on paper which exmore plays an important part-we come hibit gradations of shade when light to paper cuttings. Paper is to be cut shines through; and-horrible to relate into the honeycomb pattern which -pomatum landscapes, in which a card some of us are old enough to remem- is first spread with pomatum as a slice ber as adorning fire-grates in remote of bread with butter, then rubbed orer country lodgings. Mrs. Child is of with a coarse lead pencil, and finally

some

has the light parts of the intended great variety, and sometiines in terms landscape scraped away with a knife so mysterious that the natural curiosor needle. Whether this appalling ity of woman invites us to lay down production was to be hung on a wall the pen, seek needle, silk, ribbon, &c., is not explained. This series of land. and try, by experiment, to arrive at the scapes is succeeded by a series of meaning of these strange directions. boxes-boxes of white wood whereon Articles follow about bees, silkthe background of some outline draw- worms, and gardening. These are ing is painted black to look "like ebony chiefly remarkable for a singular ab inlaid with ivory”; scrap boxes, stuck sence of practical instruction. We are, over with bits "cut from engravings" indeed, told not to sprinkle the mulberand afterwards highly varnished; ry leaves upon which our silkworms boxes to the top of which engravings are to be fed: but the whole duty of are transferred with inordinate pains the young lady gardener would seem and care, and an enormous expenditure to lie in gathering seeds when ripe and of coats of varnish.

dry: "doing up" these seeds in "strong To the section Ornaments succeeds paper carefully folded that they may one even longer, dealing with puzzles, not be spilt," and writing upon them riddles, charades, &c., that would have "neatly" the name, season, and height delighted the heart of Harriet Smith; of the plant. and after this we arrive at needlework. The volume concludes with a couple Here we feel how great is the change of fables, a set of verses, and two sto wrought by the sewing-machine. ries, which were greatly beloved, many “Every little girl before she is twelve years ago by the present critic of years old,” we are told, “should know "The Girl's Own Book," but which its how to cut and make a shirt with per- second editor saw fit to eliminate from fect accuracy and neatness.” In these all late editions. days shirtmaking has passed entirely Can any person seriously regret that into the domain of commerce, and it girls have dropped the “accomplishmay well be doubted whether the ments” indicated by this excellently brother exists who would consent to intended little book? Does not the wear a shirt manufactured at home by heart sink at the accumulation of trumeven the most accomplished of sisters. pery with which industrious girls may, "At the infant schools in England,” Mrs. under its guidance, have encumbered Child assures us, “children of three the houses of their parents or of their and four years old make miniature newly married husbands? Think of shirts about big enough for a large the little gimcrack baskets, the imitadoll. . .. I have seen a small fine linen tion china and "alumets,” the paper shirt made with crimson silk by an foliage hanging round candlesticks and English child of five years old, and shedding glass-dust as the room grew it was truly beautiful." One cannot warm, the engraved boxes, the mess help wondering how much of the bad of varnish and gold paper, the odious eyesight now being observed and cared little "landscapes” that aimed at pro for may perhaps be due to the work at ducing effects in any conceivable way three, four, and five years old, of our other than that of learning to draw! grandmothers, upon “fine linen" shirts, We live, it may be, in an age of dewith careful takings up of two threads teriorating manners, of slang, of games and passings over of four threads. unfemininely rough: but at least we

Bags, reticules, purses, pin-cushions, have escaped living in the age of filiand pen-wipers are next described in gree baskets. Longman's Magazine.

Clementina Black.

WORDS THAT GO TO THE BAD.

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It may seem whimsical to attribute that he applies the epithet to "knave," a quality of original sin to the diction- “villain," “pirate," "liar," and other ary, but there is certainly some ten- persons not admitted to polite society. dency in words, as there is in human Perhaps-who knows?-it was be who nature, which makes for degeneracy. gave it the first push on its downward A word comes into the world, like the career. It is only within recent times babe, in a state of innocence. Look -probably since the arrival of musical at it after a few centuries, or even comedy—that that push has been given decades, and the chances are that you to the word "suggestive." will find it coarsened, if not actually still speak with perfect correctness of soiled. To take a very simple and ob- a "suggestive” book or a "suggestive" vious instance: one would

say that

sermon as one charged with thought; "knowledge" was an idea so definite and yet when you speak of a “suggesand excellent that it could not take on tive" play, it is not, as a rule, its inany unworthy significance. Yet to say tellectual quality to which you wish to that a person is “knowing" is not al- call attention. If we are to argue from ways an unadulterated compliment; it experience, must conclude that suggests wisdom plus certain other some day the word will confine itself qualities which had no place in the to that meaning exclusively, and we original meaning. Still more sad is shall have to find some other term for the case of the word "cunning," ety- purposes of encomium. It is merely mologically identical with "knowl- by the differentiation of spelling-a edge,” and now so far removed from modern innovation that the word it that only the students of language "holiday” has been saved from a simiknow they are related. Think, too, of lar, though not so sinister, doubleour forefathers' euphemism for a witch meaning. Probably 'Arry will disbe_"wise woman"-wise with the wis- lieve you if you tell him that his Bank dom, as the "cunning" man is learned Holiday was originally connected with with the knowledge, of an inferior religion; so wide has the gap become world to this.

between “holiday" and "holy day.” It The same debasing principle may be is a typical instance of the family quarseen at work in such words as 'noto- rels that occur among words. The rious." Many living descendants of reader who walks unwarily among Mrs. Malaprop use the word as if it writings of the elder time must be prewere a synonym of “notable," not de pared for shocks. He may come across tecting that the trail of the serpent is Beaumont and Fletcher's “white as already over it. The word has not the blooming hawthorn," or even Gasyet gone very far on the downward coigne's old hymn, "O Abraham's brats, path-not so far, for instance, as "enor- O brood of blessed seed." Quite analmity"-but it has long since acquired ogous is the change in the use of the the specific meaning of fame in the word "imp.” Did not Bacon's “Pathway evil sense. You call an Anarchist no- unto Prayer" ask us to "pray for the torious, but not an Archbishop. That preservation of the king's most excelthe distinction was made in Shake- lent Majesty, and for the prosperous speare's time is plain from the fact success of his entirely beloved son, Ed.

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