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not find a man in the village who will for "firing" during the winter half; dig a new grave in that spot.

among other things, she had to purIn the days I recall the art of writ- chase a bolt for her door, soap and ing was not generally practised. Pro- starch, calico to line her stockings, a fessional scribes undertook for the pub- basin, toothpicks and pattens. The lie the little they needed in this way. materials, including the parchment, for We have a strange old legal document her sampler, cost three and sixpence. here with ninety signatures, of which The sampler, of course, was the great seven only are autographs.

The re

achievement she took home at the end mainder are marks-a bird, a dog, a of the half year to demonstrate the inwheel, an axe or mere hieroglyphics or estimable benefit of the education she impenetrable cyphers. But every gen- was receiving. eration was becoming more literate But in days when the patch was than the last. The time of horn-books worn, and in spite of much that went arrived: the universal dominion of the to their discomfort, the Wessex ladies tally or notched stick (though some- were not wanting in spirit or beauty. times used to this day in Wessex) be- Let me close these reminiscences of gan to be invaded by arithmetic on the west country by telling the story paper. Even the hour-glass became of a Wessex gentlewoman who was as less needed as parish clocks increased rich as she was beautiful. Being an in number. So village and grammar heiress, she had a prescriptive right to schools multiplied and were patron- be whimsical; but she had been beized, though their curriculum was often sieged so hotly by the modish Cupid of a quaint mixture of mental instruction that day and had refused so many ofand manual work-to my thinking, no fers for her person and her possessions, bad mixture either. Yet one Mrs. that the amorous and spendthrift galRoche, wife of the then parson of our lants, finding that to bedizen arm and Dext parish, lost her suit when it was leg with love-knots availed them nothshown that a child, who had been sum- ing, declared her invulnerable. But marily removed from her care, had at last it chanced that being present been placed with her “to be bred up at a great marriage in the county town and taught the needle" and not to be she met a gentleman, a briefless memutilized as a bandmaid.

ber of the Temple, to whom fell the On the other hand there was great fortune of "filling her eye.” laxity, as we should say, in some di- Wessex beauties, however, hold rections, Cock-fighting was a recog- views of their own on courtship. So nized school-game; and the masters she conveyed by a trusty messenger a used to defray the cost of the birds challenge to this stranger to fight a and add the items to their account duel to the death in what was really against the parents. Several schools in her own demesne. Without knowing our county and in those adjacent kept whence the challenge came or wherepacks of hounds, and a holiday to en- fore-the times

feckless-the able the boys to see a man hanged was stranger kept the appointment; but can granted as a matter of course. And we conceive his astonishment when he here are one or two items from a bill discovered his opponent to be a masked delivered by the mistress of a girls' lady of whom, of course, he knew abschool of the period. They are those solutely nothing. The lady, with much of a young Wessex lady who went to pretty braggadocio and mouthing, we a boarding school in Surrey. She was may be sure, peremptorily challenged charged nineteen shillings and sixpence him to fight her-or marry her! The amazed Templar was dumbfounded, as evidence in a very intimate way. So our people say; but at last regained the man of law, drawing a deep breath wit enough to suggest that she should to sustain him, I doubt not, stoutly defirst unmask. Not a bit of it; the lady clared that he would rather wed the would neither unmask nor declare her gentlewoman than court her skill; and name; she merely stamped her high in as short a time as it could be manheels on the grass and drew her rapier. aged in those days and that was very But there is an advantage in being short indeed) he wedded beautiful Misbred to the law, and the barrister, at tress Joyce and entered into possession length, seems to have reckoned up of the glories of Walton. with some discernment the evidence And, at least, this may serve to show before him. The extent of the park, that our Wessex gentlewomen have a the stately lines of the red brick house fine spirited way of getting what they in the distance, the rich attire, the spirit want. But dare I claim this as anand the high bearing of the lady-all other custom peculiar to the west seemed to hang together as a chain of country? Macmillan's Magazine.

were

A. Montefiore-Brice.

THE JUSTICE OF THE MOUNTAINS.

All day I had been riding round the Tchakegie, the brigand. Mr. Karpouza ruins of Ephesus, and in the afternoon had agreed with us in our self-congratthe rain fell heavily, so that I was glad ulations on being so well housed; but to hurry back along the Via Sacra at the mention of Tchakegie he made with its empty tombs to the shelter of frantic signs from behind my back to the inn at Ayasoluk.

the trader to change the subject. At There Mr. Karpouza, the landlord, length he could keep silence no longer. had prepared a capital dinner, and I "If you talk like this no more travelfound a good fire blazing up the chim- lers will come this way." ney in the dining-room. And soon, as “But," I said, “Tchakegie lives some the dark February afternoon closed in, distance from here." in thick cold mist, the lamp was light- "Only the name of his place is uned, and I sat down to do full justice to fortunately the same as this. It is the fare.

called Ayasoluk," said the trader. Driven into the inn by stress of Mr. Karpouza fairly groaned. "It weather came a tobacco trader, who, means the place of St. John,” he said with a low bow, took a chair opposite apologetically, “but why the place of to me and ate his soup in silence. that ruffian should"

We began to talk about travelling "He's no ruffian!" exclaimed the other than by rail in such inclement trader. weather. The trader was bound for “It is my misfortune,” bewailed Mr. Scala Nuova, which would have neces- Karpouza, “that just the home of that sitated a long drive through almost im- brigand, of all people, should be of the passable country. Then the conversa- same name as my own!" tion turned upon the latest news of "But no one would take you for a tains.'”

frank,

brigand, Mr. Karpouza," I said, "un- well called The Justice of the Mounless, of course, you are as like Tchakegie as the name of your place."

“But how would you propose to "Oh Lord!” exclaimed the trader. catch him?" I asked. Like Tchakegie, ob Lord!"

"Well, he is the most frank and gen"Did you ever know Tchakegie?" I erous-hearted man alive, and if I went asked,

to his place and said, 'Here, Tchakegie, “Yes, very well indeed, in former I want your photograph,' he would say, days. He is no ruffian, but a gentle- ‘My photograph! What for?' and I man."

would say, 'Oh, just to sell to the news**Now, Mr. Karpouza, you hear that!" papers and make a little money, for, I said, “and you must let us talk about you see, I am only a poor fellow.' him with a view to his capture, you Tchakegie would say, 'All right; you understand."

shall have it.' Well, when I had got “Yes," cried the trader, “that's just that I could make a lot of money by it. Whoever catches him will get a that.” lot of money by it.”

"Quite so; and the price upon his "What would be the best way?" I head-this

generous-hearted asked.

friend of yours-you would get that, "Well, you see,” said the trader, too." pushing away his pudding plate and "Ah! that's it. You see, he would lighting a cigarette, “Tchakegie is not go anywhere to help a friend. That like any other brigand. He is a gen- would be the way to catch him; but tleman-the most perfect gentleman in few people know what he looks like, all Asia. He will never harm a lady, and he is so different-so very different nor a woman, nor a child. He will -from what people expect that they never harm a merchant either, though might talk to him for a long while be may take from him a contribution- without knowing who he is." not too much, but something. He is "He has never caught you?" I asked. good-oh, how good!—to the poor. But "Me! never. He would never hurt when it comes to cruel people and sol

I knew him well years ago, bediers and their officers-ah! these are fore he turned brigand." the ones he likes to catch; and the “What was he before he turned brigofficials, yes-those too he will shoot. and?That is why the people have given him "Well, it was in this way. Many a name. He is 'The Justice of the years ago now his father offended the Mountains,' for it is he that punishes.” officials-in the reign of the late Sultan

“But he cannot make much of a liv- that was—and in consequence he was ing at that rate," I observed. "Don't obliged to take to the mountains and you think he would be better off keep- turn brigand. In these days perhaps ing an inn, for instance?"

he would have been exiled. A good "But, certainly, he is rich-very, very many years passed, and the present rich," answered the trader, “He Sultan came to the throne. Then an knows who the people are who have occasion offered, and he accepted the been cruel, and have taken other peo- Sultan's pardon-that is, he surrenple's money.

Those are the ones he dered and was given a billet somelooks after, and he takes their money where in the army. A short time afteraway and gives it to the poor and to wards, an expedition started into the those who have not enough, and some mountains and he was ordered to go he keeps for himself. Ah! yes; he is too. He took with him his son Tcha

me.

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kegie, who was then quite a boy. brigand, and he wanted to have her. Tchakegie was riding in the rear, and So he came with his men and took her as they rode up the mountain the road away. Now, Tchakegie knew this old turned like a serpent, as you know it man, and as he chanced to ride that does sometimes, and Tchakegie saw an way, he stopped at the farm to rest officer level his gun and take aim at himself; and he found the old man his father, who was in front, and shoot and his wife quite crazy. When he him dead through the back.

made out what it was that made “That made a great impression upon them

crazy, he said, Don't Tchakegie, and the impression had worry any more. You shall have your time to deepen, for the officer who shot daughter to-morrow-all safe.' So he his father accused the boy before the

rode away

The brigands meantime authorities of a crime which he had had got to their house and set down the not committed, and he was put in pris- girl, and she sat in a corner and was on for six years. Six years makes a very frightened. While they sat round difference in the life of a boy, and a table drinking mastic, all of a sudwhen Tchakegie came out of prison den Tchakegie came in. And they said he was a young man with a settled to him, "Sit down,' and he said, 'I will purpose. He went to find the officer not sit down. What is that girl doing who shot his father, and having found there? 'Oh! they said, 'that is only a him he shot him dead, and then he fled girl, never mind her-sit down.' 'I to the mountains and turned brigand. will not sit down,' said Tchakegie, Yes! what else could he do? He is 'while that girl is there. She must go not old now, only twenty-eight or thir- to her own place.' Then he blew his ty. But he is not like other brigands. whistle, and before these brigands His life has not made him bloodthirsty, could move, Tchakegie's men were in and he is not greedy. Other brigands

the room. And Tchakegie shot the will sometimes take the ransom and chief brigand dead himself, and some then kill the people. Yes! and they do more of the others were shot too. That worse things to women and children, was to teach brigands not to do such and they cut off people's fingers and things. Then he took the girl and toes and send them to the people's brought her safely to her parents as friends and relations. They do that he promised he would do. This he did out of spite. Tchakegie is not like to teach brigands not to do such things. that; you might almost think that he “You see now the thing which makes is sorry to be a brigand at all, though it difficult to catch Tchakegie. If we he is so rich and has so much power. lost him, things would be very much For every governor in this country is worse. The peasants know that, and afraid of him since he is 'The Justice they like him much, much better than of the Mountains.' They know what the officials. If we had not Tchakegie, will happen to them if they go too far it is difficult to know who would keep in their ways and Tchakegie gets to the officials in order. Then, if he hear about it.

meets a man who is poor and can't get "I will tell you a story about him. along because he wants a little money There are many like it, for he is very loaned to him, Tchakegie gives him the good to the poor. Once there were money, and does not mind if he never some poor people who worked very gets paid. He helps them besides in hard on their farm. They had a daugh- many ways that the officials will not ter-only that daughter-and she was do. Just lately he has made a bridge a very pretty girl. Well, there was a and repaired a road, because every

paar many poor people were drowned kegie opened the door to one of his there, and they could not get their own men, while Tcbakegie himself produce to the market. Tchakegie paid went with the man to the safe to fetch a man 4001. to build a bridge. Since the money. There was much gold and then Tchakegie has heard that the man a great deal of silver. Tchakegie took theated him and spent only 2001., for himself all the gold, about sia which may be because he does not un- thousand pounds. The silver he gave derstand those things. Now he is look- to the five men who were with him, tng for that man to take 2001. of him. who were admitted one by one. Then

"But the cleverest thing he ever did they went away. It was market-day happened the other day, and that is in the town, and no one took special why you will see how busy they are notice of the strange Imam who Row trying to catch him. Yes! The walked through the market alone, and soldiers are being sent up from Smyr. went out of the town into the country ua, and one was so frightened that he through the same gate with many of ad apoplexy and died before he the country people who were returning started.

home. "How can they catch him when he “What happened to the man is the knows every turn in the mountains, question. Perhaps he was too dazed und when many people would conceal to take action. Anyhow, when he did Vim? Then he can shoot very well, arrive at the Konak half an hour afterand some of them cannot shoot at all. wards to give information, he was so But this last thing he did exceeds all incoherent, and the tale he told was the rest. He went into a house in the so strange, that the officials did not middle of a town in broad daylight, know what to make of it.and walked out again with seven or This was the tobacco trader's story eight thousand pounds. It was the of Tchakegie, the renowned brigandfeast at the end of Ramadan, and he the modern Robin Hood—“The Justice went into the town dressed

of the Mountains," in Asia Minor. LaImam. He went to the house of a very ter on—it was as he foretold-a great rich man who was a miser, and the stir was made to catch Tchakegie, and servants opened the door to him be- I saw the troops who were sent up cause he was dressed as an Imâm; for from Smyrna. The Vali also came It is the custom that Imâms go to the himself. The soldiers went into the houses of the rich-especially the very mountains and arrived at a house rich-to pray there in the morning of where Tchakegie or some of his men the feast, and they get paid for doing were said to be. A dispute arose as it. So the servants thought Tchakegie to what should be done, whether the was the Imâm who had come to pray. house should be taken in the darkness The master of the house was out. He by assault, or whether they should wait had gone to the mosque to say his till daylight. The dispute dragged on prayers. So the Imâm-that was Tcha- till morning, and with the morning kegie-went in to wait for him. When came Tchakegie. As soon as the news the man came back to his house Tcha- reached the soldiers there was a stamkegie opened the door to him and said, pede. Some forty men were killed or Do you know me? I am Tchakegie. wounded by Tchakegie himself, as in Give me now your money, or I'll have their hurry to escape they took the your life,' and he drew out a revolver. nearest path-a narrow mountain track

“The man was terribly frightened. at the bottom of which he was waitHe bad a great deal of money. Tcha- ing for them with his rifle.

ECLECTIC. VOL. LXXIX. 559

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