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Warrant is a written, sealed order, command, or writ, requiring and authorizing an officer or other person to do a particular act. It is usually applied to the process, by which criminals are arrested for trial or examination.

Writ of Error is a writ, which authorizes a Court of justice to bring a record before it, either of the same court, or of another court, in order to examine and decide, whether there is any error of law in the judgement, or other proceedings in that record ; and, if there be, to correct the error.

Writ of Habeas Corpus, see Habeas Corpus.

30 xin.

INDEX.

A.

Absent members of Congress,
compelled to attend,90,91,292.

Absolute governments, the pow-
ers of, 46.

Account of the receipts and expen-
ditures of all public money, to
be published, 144, 145, 296.

Accusation, self, criminals not
bound to, 230, 233, 304.

Accused, incases of impeachment,
86. Privileges to the, 230-
234, 304. Not bound to testi-
fy against themselves, 230, 233,
304. Examination of witnesses
against the, 231, 235, 304.
Counsel for, 231, 236, 304.
Confessions of, 241.

Acts, public, of the States, faith to
be given to, 135, 301.

Adams, John, Vice-President of
the United States, 34. Various
offices held by, 325. Minister
Plenipotentiary for the conclud-
ing and signing the Definitive
Treaty of Peace, between the
United States of America and
his Britannic Majesty, in 1783,
325, 329.

Adjournment of Congress, 92,
292. Bills not approved by the
President at the time of, 98,
100, 293.

Admiralty and maritime jurisdic-
tion, jurisdiction of the Supreme
Court in cases of, 186, 187,
194, 196, 221, 300.

Admission of New States into the
Union, 137, 301, 307.

Affirmation, substitution of, for
oath, 252, 298, 303.

Age, of Representatives, 54, 73,

289. Of Senators, 73, 291
Of President and Vice-Presi-
dent, 167, 298.

Agreements between States, for-
bidden,156,296. See Alliances.

Alexandria, meeting of commis-
sioners at, in 1785, 33.

Aliens, suits by and against, in the
courts of the United States,
211, 300. See Foreigners.

Alliances, States forbidden to
make, 146, 296. Washington,
on domestic, 313; on foreign,
321. See Agreements, and
Combination.

Ambassadors, appointment of,
172, 173, 299. To be received
by the President, 176, 299.
Suits by and against, 186, 192,
213, 221, 223, 300.

Amendments to the Constitution,
161, 303. On the election of
President and Vice-President,
161,163,305. On suits by and
against the States, 203, 205,
216,305. On the appellate ju-
risdiction of the Supreme Court,
both as to law and fact, 225,
304. On trial by jury, 230,
304. On search-warrants, 237,
303. On excessive bail, fines,
and punishments, 237,238,304.
Mode of making, 246, 302. Re-
specting religious tolerance,254,
303. Articles of, 303.

American, Washington on the
name, 310.

American Colonies, history of the,
11. Their title to the soil, 13.
Times and manner of the settle-
ment of the, 15. Governments
of the, 17. Rights and privi-

leges of the, 19. Legislative
powers of the, 19. Common
law of England introduced into
the, 20. Political state of the,
at the time of the Revolution,
22. Their connexion with Great
Britain and with each other, 22.
Controversies between the, de-
termined before the King in
council, 200. Declaration of
Independence of the, 275. American Revolution, see Revo-
lution.

Annapolis, meetingof commission-
ers at, in 1786, 33.

Appellate jurisdiction of the Na-
tional Judiciary, 212, 300.
Suggestions respecting it, 213-
228. Of inferior tribunals, 214,
218. On the exclusion of, by
original jurisdiction, 215. Ex-
tent of the, 217. Meaning of
and mode of exercising, 224.
Qualified, 227, 304.

Appointments to office, power of,
172-175, 299. By the Presi-
ident, 172, 299. By Congress
and the Heads of Departments,
172, 174, 299. When discre-
tionary in Congress, 172, 174,
299. See Commissions, and
Vacancies.

Apportionment, of Representa-
tives, 56-62, 104, 290. Of di-
rect taxes, 56-60, 97,104, 290.

Appropriations, for armies, 122,
123, 294. Before drawing
money from the treasury, 144,
295.

Aristocracy, absolute, or despotic,
47.

Arms, on keeping and bearing,
264, 303.

Army, power of Congress as to
the, 43, 122, 141, 294. Rev-
olutionary, 122. Restrictions
respecting the, 123, 294. A
standing impolitic, 265; con-
demned in the Declaration of
Rights, of 1774, 274.

Arrest, members of Congress,priv-

ileged as to, 93, 292; under
the Confederation, 281.

Arsenals, 129, 295. Reservation
respecting, 130.

Articles, of Confederation, 279.
Of the Constitution, 289. Of
Amendments to the Constitution,
303. Provisional,of Peace,sign-
ed at Paris, in 1782, 324. Of
the Definitive Treaty of Peace,
of 1783, 325. Of compact, be-
tween the original States and
the People and States in the
Territory northwest of the river
Ohio, 334. See Confederation.

Arts and sciences, promotion of
the, 118, 294.

Assemblies of the people, 264,
303. Claimed in the Declara-
tion of Rights, of 1774, 274.

Assemblies, Provincial, 17. Dis-
solution of, by English gover-
nors, 92, 272.

Attainder, effect of, in treason,
134,135,239,301. Bills of, not
to be passed, 144 ; by Congress,
144, 295 ; nor by the States,
146, 150, 296.

Authors, copy-rights for, 118,294.

Ayes and noes.in Congress,92,292.

B.

Bail, excessive, unconstitutional,
238, 304.

Baltimore, Lord, 18. William
Penn versus, 201.

Bankruptcy, power of Congress
respecting, 114, 294. Impo-
tency of the States as to, 115.

Bills, power of the President to
approve and negative, 98, 293.

Bills for raising revenue and tax-
es, 96, 293.

Bills of attainder, not to be passed
by Congress, 144, 295; nor by
the States, 146, 150, 296.

Bills of credit, 146, 148. States
forbidden to emit, 146,147,296.
Meaning of, 147. Emission of,
under the Confederation, 286.

Bills of indictment, 231.

Bills of Rights, of 1774, 24, 271.
Of States, 48, 256. Under the
Constitution, 255, 303; impor-
tance of considered, 256.

Blackstone, Sir William, on the
laity in England, 82. On ex-
culpation by witnesses, in capi-
tal cases, 235. On counsel for
accused persons, 236. On the
liberty of the press, 263.

Borrowing money, under the Con-
federation, 29,287. Under the
Constitution, 107, 141, 294.

Boston Port Bill, 271.

Boundaries, between States, 200.
Of the United States, according
to the Definitive Treaty of 1783,
325. Tor States in the North-
western Territory, 336.

Bribery, impeachment for, 81,
83, 299. Persons liable to be
removed from office for, 178,
299.

C.

Cabinet,see Heads of Departments.

Canada, provision for the acces-
sion of, to the Confederation,
287. Boundaries between the
United States and, according to
the Treaty of 1783, 325.

Capital offences, and second trials
for, 230, 232, 304.

Capitation taxes, 103, 104, 295.

Captures, 120, 122, 294. Juris-
diction in cases of, 194.

Cases, meaning of, in the sense of
the Constitution, 189,190. By
implication, 191. In equity,
192,216, 305. See Equity.

Ceded places, power of Congress
over, 129, 295. Reservation
respecting, 130.

Censorship of the Press, 262. See
Press.

Census, provision for the, 56, 58,
290. Capitation or other direct
taxes according to the, 104, 295.

Cessions, see Ceded Places.

Charter granted by James I., 15.

Charter governments, in the Amer-

30* ican colonies, 18. Introduc-
tion of the common law into the,
20.

Chief Justice shall preside at the
trial of the President, 76, 78,
291.

Chisholm versus Georgia, 202. Church and State, alliance be-
tween, cut off, 253, 259, 303. Cicero condemned torture, 233. Circuitous voyages, 105. Citizens, privileges and immunities
of, in each State, 242,301. See
Controversies, and Judiciary. Citizenship, of Representatives,
54, 55, 73, 290. Of Senators,
73, 291. Of the President and
Vice-President, 167, 297. See
Naturalization. Civil obligation of contracts, on
impairing the, 154. Civil officers, meaning of, under
the Constitution, 81. Clearances at custom houses, 105,
295.

Coinage of money, under the Con-
federation, 30, 285. Power of
Congress respecting, 116, 294.
Counterfeiting, 116, 294. For-
bidden to the States, 146, 147,
296.

Coke, Sir Edward, on the law of
the land, 233. On witnesses in
behalf of accused persons, 235.

Colonial governments, 17.

Colonies, see American Colonies.

Colonists, sent to England for
trial, 271.

Columbia, District of, 129, 295.

Combination among the States,
156, 245. See Alliances.

Commerce, crippled, under the
Confederation, 31. Foreign im-
positions respecting, 32, 108.
Power of Congress to regulate,
108, 109, 141, 294. State of,
at the adoption of the Constitu-
tion, 108. Meaningof the words
"to regulate commerce," 110.
See Duties, Taxes, and Trade.

Commissioners, appointed by Ma-

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