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ECRUDESCENCE of a sport of fathers, generally in this more humane age rejected as altogether too barbarous, was brought to light last month when the police raided a Norfolk farm and there found a cock

fight in progress. Charges, brought under

section 1 of the Protection of Animals Act,

1911, against nineteen defendants were heard

at East Harling last Monday, and sixteen of them were fined £10 apiece. We shall not labour the case against cock-fighting; there is no need; but we would express surprise at the completeness with which the traditions of the sport and the expert handling of the cocks have been preserved. The birds had their combs and wattles cut; their neckfeathers trimmed short; wings clipped; tails partly clipped, partly cut short in accordance with the correct routine of preparation for a fight. They were armed, too, each with a pair of artificial spurs-it being maintained that the provision of these is humane, as they inflict less cruel wounds than the natural spurs. Considering that, as Sir Patrick Hastings said, cock-fighting has been unlawful since 1849, this knowingness about the sport supplies a noteworthy example of, so to speak, underground persistence.

THE Italian Mail for July 14 contains a short account of the lion farm at Los Angeles run by Mr. Charles Gay, which has been in lively existence for more than eight years. Its extent is but five acres, and its leonine inhabitants number 120: twenty-four lions to the acre seems rather dense population. Nearly all of them are said to be competent film actors, one in particular having earned no less than 50,000 dollars during the last five years by his histrionic activities. Mr. Gay declares that all the lions are temperamental and nervous, some of them strongly affectionate, others hating men and even impossible to handle. would be interesting if they could inform us how they are affected by living in such small space, in, comparatively, a crowd of their own kind.


THE correspondent of the Morning Post at Paris reports (under date July 15) that a boa constrictor belonging to a travelling circus has escaped from confinement at Châttellerault (Vienne). The residents of the town are assured that they need not worry for twelve days, as it will require that length of time before the boa constrictor becomes hungry; till then he may be thought of as harmlessly asleep.

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Literary and Historical







S this document has not, so far as I know, been printed before, it may be considered of sufficient interest to present to readers of 'N. & Q.' It is to be found in the Public Record Office, London: State Papers Ireland, Elizabeth. Vol. lxvii. No. 52 (1).

The MacMorice referred to therein is James Fitz Maurice FitzGerald, as to whom see clii. 61.

Thexaminacons of John Piccott of Jarsey and Franceis Gyrard of Sainct Malo

marriners taken before the maior & sherriffes of Waterford the xxiiijth of July 1579.


John Pyccott of Jarsey shippe Mr of that yle of xl yeeres of thereabowte sworne upon the hollie evangelistes affirmed & sayde that ix or tenne dayes before Penthecoste last past he beinge in the towne of Sainct Lucar in Andoluzia in a merchant voyadge a man of Brest in Bretaigne gave him warninge & willed him to beware as he wente home of Monsieur de la Roche who was upon the sea with sixe shippes & some shalloppes & that he spoiled every of whom he had the overhande, and that he had a lord of Irland with him called MacMorice. Upon which advertizment when the said Piccottes shippe was reddie to make saile he drove his cowrse from the coaste farre into the sea to shunne therby the said Monsieur de la Roche, but soche his fortune was that in the morninge a White-sonday he fell into the lappes of the saide de la Roche & his company, who shotte at the barque of Jarsey & made him to hoyse & lanche oute his boate, tooke from him two tonnes of wynne, ij C. & xx duckettes in rialles de plate & spoiled them of their shurtes & other clothes wth all the marriners portadge, as sugar, reiseins, barrailles of oyle & wyne & of all the drie wares & trifles which was aborde their said barque. This meetinge was lx leagues from the Cape of Saint Vincent, northwestward into the sea.

Also the said Piccott deposed that he beinge aborde one of the said shalloppes keept xx iiijt houres as prisoner to make him confesse wher the monney of his barque lay, sawe laeng upon the ballast of the said shallope (as they weare puttinge the two tonnes of wyne taken from him under their hatches) two greate pieces of brasse which he judged to be cannons & over the hatches fowre pieces which he toke to be sacres, & vj smale pieces unmounted which he toke to be fawconnettes, & saw also aborde the said shalloppe greate stoare of plate harneise & shurtes of mayle, & when he was sene ernestlie to loke & view the said shallope in all places, he was comaunded on payne of his lyfe not to loke any more under their hatches. And when they asked from whence his barque was they bette him & the boateswayne when they told they weare of the Yle of Jarsey, swearinge with vehement othes gnasshinge of theire teethe that yf he or his company weare Englishmen that they would throw them all over borde. pilote & two or thre more who weare of Saint Malo aborde the said barque of Jarsey weare not bette, nor yl used as the Jarsey men weare. Also when they demanded whether the said barque of Jarsey was bounde, when they answered into the coaste of Irland, they said they would conduct them thither. After which speech they sailed all in company xxiiijth howres or ther aboute, then weare they thrugh foule weather putte a sounder, whereof the said Jarsey man toke occasion [oportunitie written in different hand in the margin] to gette away by night tyme & to change his course for feare of after consaile & pilfringe. They weare in company vj shippes & two shalloppes of the burden of xxx tonnes, or little lesse, a piece when he mette them & depted from them as before, & further he deposed not.

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Franceis Gyrard of St Malo marriner, beinge pilote in the said shippe of Jarsey, being severallie sworne upon the hollie Evangelies, agreed in all & eche poinct in matter & substance wth Piccott the former deponent, rendringe cawse of his knowledge that he was aborde when the said de la Roche toke the said barque of Jarsey wherein he was pilote, & that he was also aborde the shalloppe in company with the said Piccott wher he sawe and herd all that the said Piccott deposed aforesaid. This deponent is of the adge of xxiiij veres or therabowte.

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Julie 8.

Gelding of horses and Colts

Itm Geven to the poore at Berkswell pke 1/- Itm geven in reward to the keeper of Berkswell Park for a brace of bucke 14/- Itm to him for Conveying sa backe to Callowdon 1/- Item geven in reward at Mr. Marrowes to the Chamberlain 1/- to the Cook 1/- to the butler 1/Itm geven to the poore 1/- Itm geven in reward to Wm Phips of Maxstock for a bucke 7/- Itm geven at Mr. ffishers of Packington to the Cooke 3/4 Stable 2/6 the Chamberlen 2/6 butler 2/6 Itm geven in reward to the

*Liam-a leash or lead for hounds.

the the

† Alias Panthurst, a farm near Berkeley, now called Panters.

Keeper of Packington for a buck 6/Itm to the huntsman towards his chardges and his houndes 5/- Itm geven to Mr. Holts Keeper in reward for a buck 6/Itm geven for Conveying halfe a bucke to My Ladie Devoraxe 1/- Itm geven to one that opened a gate at Rudson 6d. Itm paid to one that Carried the bucke from Mr. ffishers to My Ladie 2/- Itm geven to one yt went with a 1re to Mr. Robert Digbies 2/- Itm geven to one that went with a 1re to the Keeper of Coleshill Pke 6d. Itm geven in reward at Mr. Devoraxe viz. to the Cooke 3/4 The Stable 2/6 The butler 2/6 The Chamberlen 2/6 Itm paid to the smith for showing 8d. and for Provander 1/10 Itm paid for showing of Freemans horse 8d. and for ye charges of three hunting horses 2/- and for freemans supper and breakfast and Mr. Cockens man 1/4 Itm geven in reward to the Kep of Middleton Pke 7/- Itm geven to Mr. Pudseys man in reward for a hound 5/- Itm geven to the poore 9d. Itm delvd more to the huntsman. Itm geven in reward at My Ladie Devoraxe viz. Cooke 3/4 the stable 2/6 the usher 2/6 the butler 2/6 the Chamberlen 2/6, making cleane of bootes 5d.

5.9.7 Chardges on hunting the Bucke [Warwickshire]

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Itm paid to the huntsman for his chardges for the houndes in all this journey as appeareth by his bill £3.9.5

This whole accompt is of my Lordes chardges in Gloucestershire, viz. £49. 2.8 August 12 Itm for Mr. Berkeleys Chardges for his journey into Gloucestershire viz. Geven to Sr John Poyntz man which delivered his crossbowe 2/6 Itm paid for his hatt at Dursley 5/- . Itm Paid for a paire of newe bootes at Tedbury Itm paid for the carriage of the Venison to Oxford

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Mr. Berkeleys Chardges 17/9 [Thomas Berkeley, Henry's son, was a student at Oxford at this time.] 25. Itm paid for 2 dozen of pigions for my Lords hawkes September 8. Itm paid to John Carey upon his bill for my Lords chardges on hunting the bucke in Northamptonshire, viz. Geven in reward to the Keeper of Stoke pke for a buck 10/- and to his underkeeper 2/-. Itm geven to the Keeper of Grafton pke for a brace of bucke 14/- and to his underkeeper 2/-. Itm geven to the Keeper of Hartewell Pke for a brace of bucke 16/- Itm geven in reward at Sir George ffarmers viz. to the Cooke 5/- the Chamberlan 2/6 the butler 2/6 the usher 2/- the porter 1/- Itm pd at Tocester for yor Lo mens meate and horsemeat 25/Itm geven in reward to the Kep of Hanslep pke for a buck 7/- to his man 6d. Itm given to guides and others 3/5 Itm Pd for provander at Mr. Yelvertons 6/Itm given to the Kep of Yardlie Chase in reward for a brace of buck 14/- and to his man 1/- Itm geven in reward at Mr. Sergeant Yelvertons to the Cooke 2/6, Chamberlen 2/6, butler 2/6, the stable 2/6, Itm given to Keeper of Round Haye

To the poore

in reward for a buck 7/2/4, Geven in reward at Mr. Longviles viz. to the Cook 5/-, the stable 3/4, the butler 3/4, the Chamberlen 3/4, usher 2/6 and to the trumpeter 2/6. Itm more geven to the poore 1/9. Itm geven to the Keeper of Wakefield lodge in reward for a buck 6/- Itm for provander at Tocester Itm for a paire of Gloves for mr Berkeley 4d. Itm geven to Ley one of the Keps of the fforrest for a buck 6/and to Mr. Andrewes for a brace of buck 12/- and to the pages of the fforrest 2/6 Itm geven at Mr. Shirleys in reward viz. to the Cooke 5/-, the Stable 5/- the Chamberlen 3/4 butler usher 2/6 porter 1/- and to the baker 1/Itm to one to helpe lead the hunting horses into Northamptonshire 1/- and to the huntsmen for them and ther houndes 30/9 £11. 18. 3 My Lords charges hunting the bucke in Northamptonshire


Sep. 29. Itm to Humfrey Collins draper for 12 yardes of Graye ffrize for the huntsman Jonas and the footeman at 18d. the yard 18/Nov. 3. Itm. Paid to Mr. Burton of Linley for a gelding £19. 0.0 10. Itm paid to Parr upon his bill viz. for ye meate of Grey Shrewsbury, 21 daies at 8d. 14/- Itm for curing of hym 5/-. Itm for healing of the bay mare Colte* of the swelling in hir bellie 3/4 Itm for a curbe for Mr. Berkeleys nag 1/Itm for the Strayne in Mr. Berkeleys other nags shoulder 1/- Itm for the water for the gray horses eyes 2/- Itm for ye drinke and letting of hym blood 1/4 November. Itm paid Robert Mallaborne for showing viz. the 6th September The baye gelding 4 removes 4d. the black nagg 2 removes 2d. Graye Alconbury 2 removes 2d. Gray Draycot 2 Shows 2 removes 8d. The young sorrell gelding with the fflaxen mane 4 showes 1/4 The White Graye 2 removes 2d. the 13 September my Lo Dunn Gelding 4 removes 4d. Mr. Berkeleys nagg 1 Show 3 removes 4d. John Careys hunting horse 4 removes 4d. Jonas nag 2 shows 2d. My Ladies mare 4 showes 1/- Baye

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SOME years ago (12 S. x.) you


good enough to find space for a list of monumental inscriptions in Needham's Point Cemetery in Barbados, which, at the time, was in a sad state of ruin. Now, thanks to the activities of an organisation of ladies of the island entitled the "Civic Circle," that historic graveyard has been restored, and presents a trim and attractive appearance.

The Civic Circle now propose to take similar action with respect to St. Paul's Churchyard, which is, I regret to state, in a deplorable condition. St. Paul's was formerly a military church, and within the building there are many inscriptions in a fine state of preservation, but those on the tombstones outside are fast disappearing.

*The badges were embroidered with the white lion of Mowbray on a red ground.

I enclose some of those which it has been possible to decipher, and if you could find space for them in your pages I do not doubt that it would assist the Civic Circle materially towards getting into touch with relatives of the deceased and in raising funds for putting another historic graveyard in good order.

Sacred to the memory of Lieut. E. BATTERSBY, R.N., of H.M.S. Satellite, who departed this life on the 3rd day of October, 1839, aged 33 years.

Sacred to the memory of James Hunter Blair BIRCH, Captain 66th Regt. Died 22nd January, 1851, aged 30 years 4 months.

Sacred to the memory of Captain George BOORE, late 14 Foote, who died at Barbados Jany. 14, 1840, aged 47 years.

Sacred to the memory of Margaret Clune, wife to Patrick Clune, Qr. Master of the 52nd Regt., who died on 12th Dec., 1839, aged 32


Beneath this spot rest the Remains of Howard Plestow Cox, Ensign 21st Fusiliers, who departed this life on the 31st May, 1860, in his 21st year.

Sacred to the memory of Major Robert Noble CROSSE, K.H., 56th Regiment, who died of Yellow Fever on the 13th November, 1838, on board Bay, Barbados. He served with this Regiment Her Majesty's Ship "Hercules 74, in Carlisle for an uninterruted period of 34 years. [One line here] .. by his Brothers Officers, who have erected a tablet to his memory in the Cathedral. This tomb is erected by his relatives by whom he was sincerely beloved.

Sacred to the memory of Mr. Richard DILKES, a native of England, who departed this life March 22nd, 1834 [? 1844], aged 39 years [? 30].

Sacred to the beloved memory of Charles Richard DORINGTON, Lieutenant of Her Majesty's 69th Regiment, youngest son of John Edward and Susan Dorington of Lypiatt Park in the County of Gloucester, who died the 12th of August, 1855, aged 21.

Sacred to the memory of Robert Dudman, Second Officer of R.M.S. Ship Great Western, eldest son of Capt. R. Dudman of Hythe, near Southampton, who died on the 18th Nov., 1852, aged 22 years.

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Lieut. in the 25th Regt., late In memory of Kyffin HEYLAND, formerly a Stipendiary Magistrate in British Guiana and third son of Major Arthur Rowley Heyland, who fell in the Battle of Waterloo. Died in peace and hope of the Gospel, 24th March, 1843.

Sacred to the memory of Captain Horace Foot, second son of Lieut. General Sir William E. B. HUTCHINSON, of H.M. 76th Regiment of Hutchinson, K.C.H., who died of fever at St. Ann's Barracks, February, 1837.

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Sacred to the memory of John MACLEAR, Assistant Surgeon of Her Majesty's Sloop Rover, who departed this life, of Yellow Fever, on the 30th October, 1841, aged 27 years.

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