Global Food Trade and Consumer Demand for Quality

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Springer Science & Business Media, 2002 M02 28 - 251 páginas
Consumers have always been concerned about the quality, and particularly the safety, of the foods they eat. In recent years this concern has taken on additional prominence. Consumer focus on food safety has been sharpened by reports about new risks, such as that posed by "mad cow" disease, and about more familiar sources of risk, such as food borne pathogens, pesticides, and hormones. At the same time, some consumers are in creasingly interested in knowing more about how their food is produced and in selecting products based on production practices. Some of the questions consumers are asking in clude whether food is produced with the use of modern biotechnology, whether it is or ganically produced, how animals are treated in meat and egg production systems, and whether food is produced using traditional methods. Recent trends also show increased consumer demand for a variety of food products that are fresh, tasty, and available on a year-round basis. This has fostered increased global trade in food. For example, consumers in temperate climates such as North America are able to buy raspberries throughout the year, and Europeans can enjoy South American coffee. Trade in processed food products is actually increasing more rapidly than trade in agricultural commodities, further addressing the demand for variety among consumers.

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Contenido

ISSUES IN DEMAND FOR QUALITY AND TRADE
3
A GREAT TRANSFORMATION IN WORLD TRADE LAW
33
UNIFYING TWO FRAMEWORKS FOR ANALYZING QUALITY AND QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR FOOD PRODUCTS
43
LDC FOOD EXPORTS AND FOOD SAFETY STANDARDS IN HIGHINCOME COUNTRIES
63
CASE STUDIES
75
POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS OF ANIMAL WELFARE CONCERNS AND PUBLIC POLICIES IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES FOR INTERN...
77
A case study of a cyclosporiasis outbreak
101
A CASE STUDY OF BEEF PRODUCTION AND EXPORT IN URUGUAY
129
PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION SANITARY BARRIERS AND ARBITRAGE IN WORLD POULTRY MARKETS
147
Theory and application to EU wheat
165
THE IMPACTS OF LABELING ON TRADE IN GOODS THAT MAY BE VERTICALLY DIFFERENTIATED ACCORDING TO QUALITY
181
Implications for consumer welfare and trade
197
CONSUMER EFFECTS OF HARMONIZING INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS FOR TRADE IN ORGANIC FOODS
209
A welfare analysis of European products with geographical indications and products with designations of origin
229
INDEX
245
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SPECIFIC ISSUES AND METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGES
145

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