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Mr. WHITENER. Thank you very much, Mr. Butler. Mr. H. Thomas Driver, President of the Printing Industry of Washington.



Mr. H. THOMAS DRIVER. Mr. Chairman, members of the Committee, my name is H. Thomas Driver and I am President of the Printing Industry of Washington, D.C. and Executive Vice-President of Bates and Co.

Printing Industry of Washington represents over a hundred and eighty printing and allied firms and is the largest manufacturing employer in the area. This association has no reservation or doubts that the existing crime wave sweeping Washington is getting-gaining magnitude and force. The seriousness of the crime dilemma can no longer be neglected nor avoided. The members of our industry and the ten thousand people that make up our employment rolls are certainly aware that their personal welfare and their safety of their property and lives is being threatened.

Printing companies and their suppliers employees have been burglarized and assaulted with alarming frequency. It is no longer unusual for a firm to be illegally entered, damaged or vandalized, with office equipment stolen, safes opened, payrolls stolen. But what is more astonishing is the number of daylight robberies. Our employees are also robbed and beaten. How long will men and women of the commercial printing industry tolerate this situation before reaching the conclusion that they should seek employment in the suburban areas. I might add that this same solution may occur to the employer,

We must approach this problem now. It is no longer a topic for quiet or polite parlor discussion but rather expedient realistic action is needed. We can help to curtail this growing crime rate with proper, effective legislation and also the implementation of the effective legislation.

Printing Industry calls upon you to help us and the entire community. We urge that you give serious consideration to this matter followed by workable legislation.

On behalf of the Printing Industry of Washington I thank you for the opportunity to appear

before you and to state that we support the Fight Crime Now Program instituted by the Board of Trade. Mr. WHITENER. Thank you very much, Mr. Driver.

Now Mr. John R. McHugh, President, D.C. Pharmaceutical Association. Mr. McHugh. STATEMENT OF JOHN R. McHUGH, PRESIDENT, D.C. PHARMA

CEUTICAL ASSOCIATION Mr. McHugh. Mr. Chairman, members of the Committee, I am John R. McHugh, practicing pharmacist in the District of Columbia, appearing today as the President of the District of Columbia Pharmaceutical Association.

I would like to say that we of the Pharmaceutical Association support your efforts to reduce crime, we also endorse the proposals of the

Board of Trade and their Committee to reduce Crime now, particularly with reference to the Omnibus Crime Bill.

Mr. Chairman, last year our association did not take a position on the Omnibus Crime Bill but in retrospect I must say that I wish we had. However, we are taking a position now.

On February 21 I wrote a letter as President of the Pharmaceutical Association to the President and I'd like to take a moment to read that letter to you since it does express our feeling. "Dear Mr. President:

The District of Columbia Pharmaceutical Association, a professional organization representing Pharmacists, both owners and employees of independent and chain Pharmacies in Washington, D.C., is deeply disturbed about the deplorable crime rate in the Nation's Capital.

We concur with the letter written to you by the District of Columbia Clearing House and so we will not repeat the facts as stated in that letter.

We also agree with the letter written to you by Mr. George B. Burrus, President and Chairman of the Board of Peoples Drug Stores, Inc.

Peoples Drug Stores are members of the District of Columbia Pharmaceutical Association and so the statistics quoted by Mr. Burrus are of grave concern to us. They should be of very serious concern to the public, the Congress and we know they are of concern to you.

The small independent Pharmacies are being robbed and broken into in alarming numbers also. Some of them experienced three or more robberies in 1966 involving losses in the thousands of dollars.

Of course, both the independent and the chain Pharmacies are targets too for the drug addict and more loss is incurred in this manner. Above all else, of course, is the physical injury so often inflicted on the Pharmacist, his personnel and sometimes the patrons who may be in the Pharmacy at the time of the robbery.

Drug Fair Stores, Inc. are members of the D.C. Pharmaceutical Association and their Pharmacies too are being struck by the crime

One Pharmacist, who was burglarized two months ago and severely beaten, still remains on the critical list. In the interim, this Pharmacy is closed, personnel unemployed and there is strong doubt this Pharmacy will re-open.

In another instance, a community Pharmacy, on Capitol Hill, was burglarized, the personnel bound, gagged and forced to lie on the floor while the bandits went about their work.

Another involved a community Pharmacy burglarized three times in 1966 and a victim of armed robbery once. In this instance, a seventy-nine year old male cashier was the victim. The two bandits inflicted physical injury upon him as well as taking the cash receipts of the day.

Another community Pharmacy, burglarized five times in 1966, each time by armed bandits, lost several thousands of dollars in narcotics, merchandise and in one instance, was injured by the bandits.

In another Pharmacy, the Pharmacist arrived at his store early one Sunday morning to find a man waiting at the door who said he had a prescription to be filled for his very ill wife, and accompanied the


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Pharmacist inside. The man immediately drew a gun on the Pharmacist, forced him to open the safe, then bound and gagged the Pharmacist and locked him in the lavatory while he emptied the safe and helped himself to choice merchandise.

l'e could go on and on with the deplorable conditions, some of which we have cited above, however, we feel the fact have been demonstrated.

As you know, Mr. President, Pharmacists, in order to provide full service, have traditionally opened early in the morning and remained open late at night. In fact, the Washington area has 17 drug stores open 24 hours a day. This is probably more than any other area in the country. Many Pharmacists, justifiably concerned for the safety of their personnel customers, are considering shortening their hours of service.

Mr. President, we commend you for the long range step you have taken in your anti-crime program. However, some of the problems are urgent and require your immediate attention. We therefore urge you to use the emergency funds and facilities now at your disposal so that the Pharmacists of the District of Columbia may continue to serve the health needs of the public day and night without fear.

Gentlemen, that's the end of my testimony. I thank you very much.

Mr. WHITENER. Thank you Mr. McHugh, we appreciate your appearing here.

Hudson Moses, President of Hotel Issociation of Washing on, D.C.



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Mr. Moses. Morning Mr. Chairman, thank you for this opportunity. My name is Hudson Moses and I appear on behalf of the 15 members of the Hotel Association of Washington, D.C. I also appear as Pres. ident and Manager of the Burlington Hotel, owned and operated by my family and myself for some 60 years.

As a private citizen, a life long resident of the Distriet of Columbia, I am frightened beyond words at the extent of the crime in the District of Columbia and the rapid increase in the past few years. As a businessman I am aware, and my colleagues are aware, the hotel industry is suffering because of these criminal acts and the resulting publicity which has spread throughout the nation.

The visiting public and the enormous amount of money is spent in Washington is of paramount importance to this community as well as the hotel industry. We in the industry are fully aware of that because of the situation, school tours have declined, convention attendance has not lived up to expectations, and many of the every day tourists have decided not to visit Washington because of the crime situation. All of this has caused some of the decline in our occupancy of 6.1 percent in the last five years.

While during this same period, occupancy throughout the entire country has increased 3.2 percent. Not only has the crime situation effected our business, but it has had a serious effect on our night employment. Because of the many holdups at hotels and motels, it has become increasingly difficult to obtain competant people for the important night time jobs. Needless to say the Hotel Industry strongly supports any measures they can to prevent crime, and urges this Com

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mittee to take whatever steps are necessary to make Washington the
Nation's Capital, a city which it's citizens can feel to work or walk the
neighborhood streets at night and which will pose no fear to the visit-
ing public.
Thank you.
Mr. WHITENER. Thank you, Mr. Moses.
Mr. Frank Calcara, President of the Home Builders Association.




Mr. CalcArA. Mr. Chairman, my name is Frank Calcara, President of the Home Builders Association of Metropolitan Washington. We're an organization of 1500 members. We endorse the statement made by Mr. Doggett, President of the Board of Trade, and also Mr. Nichols from the Washington Real Estate Board.

In the interest of time, I don't want to be repetitious, but the main thing we're confronted with is the vandalism problem. I think something should be done immediately.

Then there's another problem that none of the speakers brought out. That is the problem of finances. We have areas right now where the loan companies, mortgage companies, will not make loans because they feel that their investments will be jepardized. We also have insurance companies that will not insure mortgages because they feel that the vandalism, fires et cetera jeopardize their investments. And what I'm very much concerned with is that now we're encountering a program of urban renewal in Washington, there's a question in my mind that's something new, is whether or not we will be able to finance some of these programs. Because we've got areas right now where we're not able to get conventional financing in houses that are existing.

If you gentlemen would tour Washington you will notice how many houses are boarded up, because these houses have not only been vandalized but economically wouldn't be feasible to go in and put any more money because you don't know whether you're going to end with your investment.

And now we're speaking about all these demonstration programs, urban renewal programs et cetera. Unless something is done immediately—I've got news for you gentlemen, if we don't get some money we won't be able to proceed. Thank you.

Mr. WHITENER. Thank you.

Mr. Stanley A. Rodman, Executive Director of Greater Washington Service Station Association.



Mr. STANLEY A. RODMAN. Mr. Chairman, members of the Committee, my name is Stanley Rodman, I am Executive Director of the Greater Washington Service Station Association. Our organization is a voluntary trade group representing retail gasoline dealers in the District of Columbia, Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties of Maryland and Alexandria City, Arlington County and Fairfax County, Virginia.

In our testimony here today, we will go on record as whole-heartedly supporting any anti-crime legislation before this Committee and also endorsing the Board of Trade's report read to you this morning.

The past few years, the members of our local industry have been plagued by a rising rate of crime which has adversely affected their businesses.

Recently, a Southeast D.C. dealer found that one of his attendants, his night man, had been beaten up by thugs. A former Northeast D.C. dealer, after eight years in the business was forced to give it up because of the threats and intimidations upon his safety and the safety of his men. Another dealer within three blocks from where we sit today, carries a gun on his person during his business hours, day and night.

The chronicle of crime committed at service stations continues to grow. It is long, and it is getting longer. Every day there are at least two untoward incidents happening at service stations and incidents which threaten not only the safety and welfare of the dealer but also that of its patrons that happen to be in the station at the time.

Last year there were more than 120 armed robberies in the metropolitan area—69 of them in the District of Columbia. Money stolen totaled in the thousands of dollars. Fortunately, though, no lives were lost. A couple of dealers were wounded.

But it is only a matter of time when the law of averages will catch up and some service station operator or his attendant or his customer will be killed.

The major oil companies which lease stations to these small businessmen, can tell you that it is growing increasingly difficult to find capable dealers to operate intown locations. The prevalence of criminal activity has proven to be one of the biggest deterrents in keeping small businessmen from seeking financial opportunities in the District of Columbia.

How long can we condone through apathy the antisocial behavior of a criminal element which jeopardizes the safety and welfare of not only our businessmen but of the public?

As an association, we joined with the Metropolitan Board of Trade's Committee to Reduce Crime Now. However, just the support of committees is not the answer to our problems. We need action. We need and we want more stringent laws that will realistically deal with the present crime problem. We believe that stricter laws, designed to both facilitate law enforcement and set just punishments, are overdue. We believe that the police departments need financial bolstering, thus enabling them to hire the needed manpower to patrol and safeguard our streets. And, we believe that the judicial system must take into account the rights of the law-abiding citizens, as well as the rights of the accused.

As an Association of service station operators who are among the first to feel the effect of crime, we ask this Committee to favorably consider all legislation which will help control crime in the metropol

Gentlemen, I wish to leave on record with you a letter that our association sent to all the dealers in the Metropolitan area urging support; also cover story in our recent publication.

itan area.

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