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COMMITTEE ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

JOHN L. MCMILLAN, South Carolina, Chairman THOMAS G. ABERNETHY, Mississippi ANCHER NELSEN, Minnesota WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Mlinois

WILLIAM L. SPRINGER, Mlinois ABRAHAM J. MULTER, New York

ALVIN E. O'KONSKI, Wisconsin
JOHN DOWDY, Texas

WILLIAM H. HARSHA, Ohio
BASIL L. WHITENER, North Carolina CHARLES MCC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland
B. F. SISK, California

FRANK HORTON, New York
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

JOEL T. BROYHILL, Virginia G. ELLIOTT HAGAN, Georgia

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas DON FUQUA, Florida

GILBERT GUDE, Maryland DONALD M. FRASER, Minnesota

JOHN M. ZWACH, Minnesota
BROCK ADAMS, Washington

SAM STEIGER, Arizona
ANDREW JACOBS, JR., Indiana
E. S. JOHNNY WALKER, New Mexico

JAMES T. CLARK, Clerk
CLAYTON S. GASQUE, Staff Director

HAYDEN S. GARBER, Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 2

ABRAHAM J. MULTER, New York, Chairman JOHN DOWDY, Texas

WILLIAM L, SPRINGER, Illinois B. F. SISK, California

WILLIAM H. HARSHA, Ohio CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

CHARLES MOC. MATHIAS, JR., Maryland G. ELLIOTT HAGAN, Georgia

LARRY WINN, JR., Kansas

12

CONTENTS

STATEMENTS

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare:

Griswold, S. Smith, Associate Director for Abatement and Control,

National Center for Air Pollution Control, Public Health Services. 27

MacKenzie, Vernon, Assistant Surgeon General, and Deputy Director,

Bureau of Disease Prevention and Environmental Controls.-

27

District of Columbia Government:

Gimble, Gilbert, Assistant Corporation Counsel

37

Grant, Dr. Murray, Director, Department of Public Health.

37

Henson, Lt. Col. William F., Assistant Engineer Commissioner

Orndorf, Roy L., Director, Department of Sanitary Engineering --

37

Thot, Capt. John, Metropolitan Police Department

51

District of Columbia Medical Society, Dr. Eloise W. Kailin.

53

Fuels Research Council, Inc., John A. McGrath, executive vice president - 93

Geiger, Dr. Jason, chairman, Medical Advisory Committee, Montgomery

County (Md.) Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Association

47

Gude, Hon. Gilbert, a Representative in Congress from the State of Mary-

land..

17

Horton, Hon. Frank, a Representative in Congress from the State of New
York

26

Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, Frederick A. Babson,

president

89

Steuart Petroleum Co.:

Counts, Richard L., president.

74

Via, Louis, general counsel..

74

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

Amendments proposed:

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.

29, 30

District of Columbia Government.

13, 38, 46, 51

Fuels Research Council.

94

Gude, Hon. Gilbert.-

21
Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments

91
Steuart Petroleum Co....

82

Committee of One Hundred on the Federal City, David Sanders Clark,

chairman, Air and Water Pollution Subcommittee:

Telegram dated May 17, 1967, to Congressman Sisk.

99

Letter dated August 19, 1967, to Chairman McMillan and statement

attached.

101

Contreas, Mrs. R. B., letter dated April 29, 1967, to Chairman McMillan. 100

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare:

Reprint of article entitled "Health Effects From Repeated Exposures

to Low Concentrations of Air Pollutants," Public Health Reports,

vol. 77, No. 10, October 1962..-.

54

Letter dated July 20, 1967, from Hon. Wilbur J. Cohen, Under Secre-

tary, to Chairman McMillan reporting on H.R. 6981.

12

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD-Continued

District of Columbia government:

Duncan, Hon. John B., Acting President, Board of Commissioners,

letter dated July 14, 1967, to Chairman McMillan reporting on Page

H.R. 6981, and suggested amendments..

13

Tobriner, Hon. Walter N., President, Board of Commissioners, letter

dated August 21, 1967, to Chair man Melillan as to interstate

compact authorization..

46

District of Columbia Medical Society, Dr. Eloise W. Kailin, questionnaire

survey of eye symptoms and results of

67-68

Downes, Mrs. Patricia, letter dated April 15, 1967, to Chairman McMillan. 99

Eastlands Gardens Civic Association, Wilbur C. Goodwin, president, letter

dated May 16, 1967, to Chairman McMillan.

100

Kingman Park Civic Association, Robert Reid, president, letter dated June

24, 1967, to Chairman McMillan,

101

Lowrey, Mrs. Gladys F., letter dated April 14, 1967, to Chairman McMil-
lan..

99

Maryland Department of Health, James B. Coulter, assistant commis-

sioner, Environmental Health Service, letter dated April 25, 1967, to

Chairman McMillan

73

Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, Frederick A. Babson,

president, letter dated August 24, 1967, to Chairman Multer, comment-

ing on H.R. 12232

92

Silver Dr. Harold, statement-

101

Silver Spring Woman's Club, Mrs. G. E. Murch, corresponding secretary,

letter dated June 14, 1967, to Chairman McMillan..

100

Steuart Petroleum Co., Richard L. Counts, president, and L. T. Via, sales

manager, Industrial Oil Burner Division, supplemental statement

88

Washington Evening Star, reprint of editorial of August 13, 1967, entitled
"Poisoned Atmosphere"

102

WWDC:

Editorial No. 14, dated March 14, 1967, entitled “The Air We

Breathe”.

22

Editorial No. 17, dated July 2, 1967, entitled “The Air We Breathe". 23

Woman's Club of Bethesda, Mrs. Eathol W. Allen, president, letter dated

May 10, 1967, to Chairman McMillan..

100

AIR POLLUTION

THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1967

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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

SUBCOMMITTEE No. 2 OF THE
COMMITTEE ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA,

Washington, D.C. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 11:00 a.m. in room 1310

, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Abraham Multer pre-
siding
Present: Representatives Multer (chairman), Winn, and Gude.
Also present: James T. Clark, clerk; Hayden S. Garber, counsel;
Sara Watson, assistant counsel; Donald Tubridy, minority clerk;
Leonard O. Hilder, investigator.

Mr. MULTER. The Committee will please be in order.
We have met today to consider H.R. 6981, introduced by our dis-
tinguished colleague from Maryland, Mr. Gude, and H.R. 10017, in-
troduced by another one of our distinguished colleagues from New
York, Mr. Horton, both of whom serve on this District Committee;
and we will also consider H.R. 12232, which I introduced yesterday.
Those three bills will be made a part of the record at this point.

(H.R. 6981 and H.R. 10017 follow:)

ed

Te

ed

H.R. 6981, 90th Congress, first session, by Mr. Gude on March 9,

1967, and H.R. 10017 by Mr. Horton on May 16, 1967

A BILL To provide for the prevention, abatement, and control of air pollution in the

District of Columbia Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SHORT TITLE

SECTION 1. This Act may be cited as the “District of Columbia Air Pollution

Control Act".

DECLARATION OF POLIOY

Sec. 2. It is the policy of this Act to preserve, protect, and improve the air resources so as to promote health, safety, and welfare, prevent injury to human health, plant and animal life, and property, to foster the comfort and convenience of its inhabitants, and, to the greatest degree practicable, to facilitate the enjoyment of the natural attractions of the Distriet of Columbia.

DEFINITIONS

Sec

. 3. For purposes of this Act, (1) The term "air contaminant" means dust, fumes, gas, mist, smoke, vapor, odor, or particulate matter, or any combination thereof, present in the atmospbere.

(2) The term "air pollution" means the presence in the outdoor atmosphere of one or more air contaminants, or any combination thereof, in sufficient quantities and of such characteristics and duration as is or is likely to be injurious to public welfare, to the health of human, plant, or animal life, or to property, or which interferes with the enjoyment of life and property.

(3) The term "control equipment” means any equipment which has the function of controlling the emissions from a process, fuel-burning, or refuse-burning equipment and reducing the creation or emission of air contaminants into the atmosphere, or both.

(4) The term "Commissioners” means the Commissioners of the District of Columbia.

(5) The term "fuel-burning equipment” means any equipment, device, or contrivance, and all appurtenances thereto, including ducts, breechings, fuel-feeding equipment, ash-removal equipment, combustion controls, stacks, and chimneys, used primarily, but not exclusively, to burn any fuel for the purpose of indirect heating in which the material being heated is not contacted by, and adds no substance to, the products of combustion.

(6) The term "incinerator” means any equipment, device, or contrivance used for the destruction of garbage, rubbish, or other wastes by burning, and all appurtenances thereof.

(7) The term "opacity" means the state of a substance which renders it partially or wholly impervious to rays of light. The term refers to the obscuration of an observer's view.

(8) The term "open fire” means a fire in which any material is burned in the open or in a receptacle other than a furnace, incinerator, or other equipment connected to a stack.

(9) The term "particulate matter" means material which is or has been suspended in air or other gases and is a liquid or a solid at standard conditions of temperature (68 degrees Fahrenheit) and pressure (14.7 pounds per square inch absolute).

(10) The term “person" includes an individual or a partnership, public or private corporation, association, department, or agency of the District of Columbia Government, or any other legal entity.

(11) The term “process weight” means the total amount of all material intro duced into an industrial operation, including solid fuels, but excluding liquid fuels and gaseous fuels when these are used as fuels and air introduced for purposes of combustion. (12) The term “process weight per hour" means

(A) in the case of continuous or long-term operation, the total process weight for the entire period of operation or for a typical portion thereof, divided by the number of hours of such period or portion thereof, and

(B) in the case of a batch operation, the total process weight for a period which covers a complete operation or an integral number of cycles, divided

by the hours of actual process operation during such period. (13) The term “Ringelmann Smoke Chart" means a chart for grading the appearance, density, or shade of smoke, as published, with instructions for use, by the United States Bureau of Mines in Information Circular 7718, dated August 1955.

(14) The term "salvage operation" means any operation conducted in whole or in part for the salvaging or reclaiming of any product or material.

(15) The term “smoke" means small gas borne partcles, other than water, in sufficient number to be observable.

(16) The term "source” means any physical arrangement, condition, or structure which may emit air contaminants.

Sec. 4. The Commissioners shall establish an Air Pollution Control Agency. The Commissioners shall carry out the provisions of the Act through such Agency. The Agency shall be headed by an Administrator, appointed by the Commissioners, who shall perform such duties as are delegated to him by the Commissioners.

DUTIES AND POWERS

SEC. 5. (a) The Commissioners shall

(1) conduct studies, investigations, and research relating to air pollution and its prevention, abatement, and control;

(2) prepare and develop a comprehensive plan or plans for the prevention, abatement, and control of air pollution;

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