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shall be taken by States, the Representative from each alone, in the courts of law, or in the heads of depart State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall ments. consist of a member or members from two-thirds of 8. The principal officer in each of the Executive De the States, and a majority of all the States shall be partments, and all persons connected with the diplo. necessary to a choice. And if the House of Represent- matic service, may be removed from office at the atives shall not choose a President, whenever the pleasure of the President. All other civil officers of right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the the Executive Department may be removed at any fourth day of March next following, then the Vice- time by the President, or other appointing power, President shall act as President, as in case of the when their services are unnecessary, or for dishon death, or other constitutional disability of the Presi- esty, incapacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or neglect dent.
of duty; and when so removed, the removal shall 4. The person having the greatest number of votes be reported to the Senate, together with the reasons as Vice-President shall be the Vice-President, if such therefor. number be a majority of the whole number of electors 4. The President shall have power to fill all vacanappointed ; and if no person have a majority, then cies that may bappen during the recess of the Senate, from the two highest numbers on the list, the Sen. by granting commissions which shall expire at the end ate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the of the next session; but no person rejected by the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole num- Senate shall be reappointed to the same office during ber of Senators, and a majority of the whole number their ensuing recess. shall be necessary for a choice.
Sec. 3.-The President shall, from time to time, give 5. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the to the Congress information of the state of the Conoffice of President shall be eligible to that of Vice- federacy, and recommend to their consideration such President of the Confederate States.
measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; 6. The Congress may determine the time of choosing he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both the electors, and the day on which they shall give their Houses, or either of them; and, in case of disagree votes; which day shall be the same throughout the ment between them, with respect to the time of ad. Confederate States.
journment, he may adjourn them to such time as he 7. No person except a natural born citizen of the may think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and Confederate States, or a citizen thereof at the time of other public ministers ; he shall take care that the the adoption of this Constitution, or a citizen thereof laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all born in the United States prior to the 20th December, the officers of the Confederate States. 1860, shall be eligible to the office of President; neither SEC. 4.-The President and Vice-President, and all shall any person be eligible to that office who'shall not civil officers of the Confederate States, shall be rehave attained the age of thirty-five years, and been moved from office on impeachment for, or conviction fourteen years a resident within the limits of the Con- of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdefederate States, as they may exist at the time of his meanors. election.
ARTICLE III. Sec. 1.-The judicial power of the Con8. In case of the removal of the President from office, federate States shall be rested in one Superior Court, or of his death, resignation, or inability to discharge and in such inferior courts as the Congress may from the
powers and duties of the said office, the same shall time to time ordain and establish. The judges, both devolve on the Vice-President; and the Congress may, of the Supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their by law, provide for the case of the remoral, deathoffices during, good behavior, and shall, at stated resignation, or inability both of the President and the times, receive for their services a compensation, which Vice-President, declaring what officer shall then
act as shall not be diminished during their continuance in President, and such officer shall then act accordingly office. until the disability be removed or a President shall be Sec. 2.—The judicial power shall extend to all cases elected.
arising under the Constitution, the laws of the Con9. The President shall, at stated times, receive for federate States, or treaties made or which shall be his services a compensation, which shall neither be in. made under their authority; to all cases affecting am. creased nor diminished during the period for which bassadors, other public ministers, and consuls; to all he shall have been elected; and he shall not receive cases of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction; to controwithin that period any other emolument from the Con- versies to which the Confederate States shall be a federate States, or any of them.
party; to controversies between two or more States; 10. Before he enters on the execution of the duties between a State and citizens of another State, where of his office, he shall take the following oath or affirma- the State is plaintiff; between citizens claiming lands tion: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faith- or the citizens thereof, and foreign States, citizens, or
under grants of different States, and between a State fully execute the office of President of the Confederate subjects; but no State
shall be sued by a citizen or States, and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, subject of any foreign State. protect, and defend the Constitution thereof." Sec. 2.- The President shall be commander-in-chief ministers, and consuls, and those in which a State
2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other publie of the army and navy of the Confederate States, and shall be a party, the Supreme Court shall bare of the militia of the several States, when called into original jurisdiction. In all the other cases before the actual service of the Confederate States; he may mentioned, the Supreme Court shall bave appellate require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer jurisdiction, both as to law and fact, with such ex. in each of the Executive Departments, upon any sub- ceptions, and under such regulations as the Congress ject relating to the duties of their respective offices; sball make. and he shall have power to grant reprieves and par- 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of im. dons for offences against the Confederate States, ex. peachment, shall be by jury, and such trial shall be cept in cases of impeachment.
held in the State where the said crimes shall have been 2. He shall bave power, by and with the advice and committed; but when not committed within any State, consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two the trial shall be at such place or places as the Con thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall gress may by law have directed. nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of Sec. 3.-Treason against the Confederate States shall the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public consist only in levying war against them, or in adher and all other officers of the Confederate States, whose No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the appointments are not herein otherwise provided
for, testimony of two witnesses to the same overt act, or and which shall be established by law; but the Conon confession in open court. gress may by law vest the appointment of such in- 2. The Congress shall bare power to declare the ferior officers, as they think proper, in the President punishment of treason, but no attainder of treasun
shall work corruption of blood, or forfeiture, except the Congress shall summon a Convention of all the during the life of the person attainted.
States, to take into consideration such amendments to ARTICLE IV. Sec. 1.–Full faith and credit shall be the Constitution as the said States shall concur in sug. given in each State to the public acts, records, and gesting at the time when the said demand is made; judicial proceedings of every other State. And the and should any of the proposed amendments to the Congress may, by general laws, prescribe the manner Constitution be agreed on by the said Conventionin which such acts, records, and proceedings shall be voting by States—and the same be ratified by the Leg. proved, and the effect thereof.
islatures of two-thirds of the several States, or by conSec. 2.-The citizens of each State shall be entitled ventions in two-thirds thereof, as the one or the other to all the privileges and immunities of citizens of the mode of ratification may be proposed by the general several States, and shall have the right of transit Convention--they shall thenceforward form a part of and sojourn in any State of this Confederacy, with this Constitution. But no State shall, without its contheir slaves and other property; and the right of sent, be deprived of its equal representation in the property in said slaves shall not be thereby im. Senate. paired.
ARTICLE VI. Sec. 1.-The Government established 2. A person charged in any State with treason, felo- by this Constitution is the successor of the Provisional py, or other crime against the laws of such State, who Government of the Confederate States of America, and shall flee from justice, and be found in another State, all the laws passed by the latter shall continue in force sball, on demand of the executire authority of thé until the same shall be repealed or modified; and all State from which he fled, be delivered up to be re- the officers appointed by the same shall remain in office moved to the State having jurisdiction of the crime. until their successors are appointed and qualified, or
3. No slave or other person held to service or labor the offices abolished. in any State or Territory of the Confederate States, 2. All debts contracted and engagements entered under the laws thereof, escaping or unlawfully carried into before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regu- as valid against the Confederate States under this Con. lation therein, be discharged from such service or stitution as under the Provisional Government. labor; but shall be delivered up on claim of the party 3. This Constitution, and the laws of the Confederate to whom such slave belongs, or to whom such service States made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties or labor may be due.
made, or which shall be made, under the authority of Sec. 3.-Other States may be admitted into this Con. the Confederate States, shall be the supreme law of federacy by a vote of two-thirds of the whole House the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound of Representatives, and two-thirds of the Senate, the thereby, any thing in the Constitution or laws of any Senate voting by States; but no new State shall be State to the contrary notwithstanding. formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other 4. The Senators and Representatives before menState ; nor any State be formed by the junction of two tioned, and the members of the several State Legislaor more States, or parts of States, without the consent tures, and all
executive and judicial officers, both of the of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as Confederate States and of the several States, sball be of the Congress.
bound, by oath or affirmation, to support this Consti2. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and tution; but no religious test shall ever be required as make all needful rules and regulations concerning the a qualification to any office of public trust under the property of the Confederate States, including the lands Confederate States. thereof.
5. The enumeration, in the Constitution, of certain 3. The Confederate States may acquire new terri. rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage tory; and Congress shall have power to legislate and others retained by the people of the several States. provide governments for the inhabitants of all terri- 6. The powers not delegated to the Confederate tory belonging to the Confederate States, lying with. States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the out the limits of the scveral States, and may permit States, are reserved to the States, respectively, or to them, at such times, and in such manner as it may by the people thereof. law provide, to form States to be admitted into the ARTICLE VII. Sec. 1.–The ratification of the ConConfederacy. In all such territory, the institution of ventions of five States shall be sufficient for the estabnegro slavery, as it now exists in the Confederate lishment of this Constitution between the States so States, shall be recognized and protected by Congress ratifying the same. and by the territorial government; and the inhabi- When five States shall bave ratified this Constitutants of the several Confederate States and Territories tion in the manner before specified, the Congress, shall bave the right to take to such territory any slaves under the Provisional Constitution, shall prescribe the lawfully held by them in any of the States or Territo- time for bolding the election of President and Viceries of the Confederate States.
President, and for the meeting of the electoral college, 4. The Confederate States shall guarantee to every and for counting the votes and inaugurating the Presi: State that now is or hereafter may become a member dent. They shall also prescribe the time for holding of this Confederacy, a Republican form of Government, the first election of members of Congress under this and shall protect each of them against invasion; and Constitution, and the time for assembling the same. on application of the Legislature, (or of the Executive Until the assembling of such Congress, the Congress when the Legislature is not in session,) against domes. under the provisional Constitution shall continue to tic violence.
exercise the legislative powers granted them; pot ex. ARTICLE V. Sec. 1.-Upon the demand of any three tending beyond the time limited by the Constitution States, legally assembled in their several Conventions, of the Provisional Government.
RAILWAY, SUBTERRANEAN. A quick and Finsbury-circus, a distance of four and a half safe means of communication beneath the over- miles; and of this length more than three crowded streets of London has always been miles, extending from Paddington to the Victhe great ideal of engineers, and is now in toria-street Station, are in many parts quite course of accomplishment by Mr. John ler. complete, and in others nearly so, with perfect The present powers of the Company only allow working junctions with the Great Western and them to carry their line from Paddington to Northern Railways. It commences at the Paddington Station, and is continued thence, in an The following are the constructive details of almost direct line, towards the New-road, pass. the portion of the line completed: To the Vieing beneath the Edgware-road at right angles, toria-street Station the line is nearly 31 miles and intersecting in the same manner Lisson- long, having stations at Paddington, Edgwaregrove-road and Upper Baker-street, skirting road, Baker-street, Portland-road, Eustonalong, beneath, and just outside the southern square, King's-cross, and Victoria-street. From extremity of Regent's Park. Thence it passes west to east the average slope downwards of under the houses at the eastern extremity of the whole line is about 1 in 300 feet, though Park-crescent, continues beneath Tottenham- after entering the city it again rises, but there court-road into the New-road, and, passing is no steeper gradient throughout than 1 in close by Euston-square, turns at King's-cross 100. Its greatest curve is of 200 yards' radius, to effect a junction with the up and down lines and its greatest depth from the ground above of the Great Northern Railway. From King's- to the rails not less than 54 feet, and there are cross a great part of the line is an open cut not more than 1200 yards of straight line ting, except for a length of about 600 yards throughout. The span of the arch of the tunbeneath Bagnigge-wells-road and Coppice-row, nel is 287 feet; its form is elliptical, and its where again, for the length we have said, a height 17 feet, except in the parts where there tunnel intervenes. From this to the Victoria- is great superincumbent pressure, when the street Station it is nearly all a fair open cut- form of the arch is altered to give it greater ting. From the station to be erected in Vic- strength and to take the crown to a height of toria-street, the line is to have two branches, 19 feet. The foundations of the tunnel go from one intersecting Holborn-hill, or rather Skin- four to five feet into the solid ground on each ner-street, and continuing its course due south side below the rails, except in some few places, under the site of the old Fleet Prison, effecting where the close vicinity of very heavy buildings a junction with the Chatham and Dover line, rendered extra strength necessary, and here which is to cross the Thames at Blackfriars. the tunnel has been driven like a shaft, and is The other and more important branch-in fact, a solid ring of massive brickwork above and the main line—is to be continued under the below; in fact, in all parts of the tunnel itself ground north of Smithfield and south of the most zealous care has been taken to ensure Charter-house-square, and will pass beneath, the structure, being everywhere greatly in exBarbican into Finsbury circus. “At this ter- cess of the strength it actually requires. Thus
, minus it is intended, for the present at least, even the lightest parts of the tunnel have six to stop. As it is, even completed to the Vic- rings of brickwork, though railway arches of toria-street Station, and communicating with seven feet greater span are never built with the Chatham and Dover-bridge when finished, more than five. The outer side of the arches the facilities which it will offer to rapid travel. is also filled in with solid beds of concrete, ling will be immense... A person starting from and the whole covered over with a layer of Brighton or Dover will be put down almost at asphalte to keep it water-tight. In fact, the his own door at Bayswater, instead of, as now, tunnel has been formed on what engineers call taking almost as much time to travel from Lon- the "cut and cover” principle; that is, the don-bridge to Bayswater as to perform a long ground has been opened to the base of the injourney by rail. In like manner, those com- tended tunnel, the tunnel built, covered with ing from the North-Edinburgh, Liverpool, concrete and asphalte, and filled in again with or Manchester-will be able to book direct earth, and the roadway paved over as before. through to Dover or Southampton without the On this plan, and working in 12-feet lengths
, loss of a minute on their journey. It is not the tunnel has actually been constructed at the too much to say that for passengers pressed rate of 72 feet a week, quicker than any work for time the two or three miles' interval be- of the kind has ever yet been accomplished. tween the northern and southern stations of It has not all,
however, been completed at this the metropolis is equal in actual delay to 200 rapid rate. Passing near churches and heavy or 300 miles' distance on an unbroken journey. buildings, the tunnel has been regularly driven By the condition of taking the line under- in four-feet lengths by skilled miners; and ground, sewers were not to be interfered with, such portions advanced but 'slowly. At the gas-pipes and water-pipes not to be touched, western extremity, where the soil was a fine churches to be avoided, and houses to be left gravel, the works were at one time greatly im. secure. With these drawbacks, Mr. Fowler peded by the water, which in that district is was at liberty to take his tunnel through a laby- abundant everywhere at about 14 feet from the rinth of sewers and gas and water mains if he surface. This it was useless to try pumping could. At every step, vestries, gas and water out, as the pumps brought up sand
and grave companies, and the Board of Works had to be as well as water, and would had the attempt consulted, and but for the kind and liberal spirit been persevered in, have brought up the very in which the Company was met, and the fair foundation of the surrounding
houses also. I. efforts which were everywhere made by these was necessary at last to mako regular drains into bodies to help them over their great difficul- the low-level sewers in order to keep the works ties, the railway could never have
been made at free. Through the gravel and through the all.
London clay the labor has been very easy, but
n parts where there was light, loose, sandy entirely complete and satisfactory. Having joil, a great deal of difficulty was expe- gone through the tunnel, the engine returned :ienced. All the really difficult parts have down the same track, and when in the centre of now, however, been surmounted, and the tun- the tunnel, to show the difference, the engine nel built in the most solid manner. The lines was allowed to work on the usual plan, and in of rails are laid through many lengths, each a few instants the whole place was full of vapor, ine being double gauge, intended for both the which was so thick that even when the visitors broad and narrow traffic. Where the junctions returned through for the third time the lamps have been effected, at Paddington and King's- were still scarcely visible. The through trains ross it was necessary at the point where the from east to west and vice verså, will be arranged witch rails joined to widen the tunnel and at to start every ten minutes, to accomplish the hese parts make it, in fact, like the mouth of distance from end to end in thirteen minutes, : trumpet. This was the most difficult opera- at a rate of fares which, it is said, will compete ion ever attempted in either tunnelling or brick- with those of the cheapest omnibuses. If this work, but Mr. Fowler surmounted all the ob- is so, the line ought to prove remunerative to stacles in a masterly manner.
the shareholders, though whether it is so or What made the work at King's-cross more not it must be an immense convenience to the lifficult than all, was that at precisely the most public. lifficult part of all the junctions the great Fleet RATIONS FOR VOLUNTEERS. The Ditch sewer crossed it right through the crown amount of subsistence allowed to each volunof the tunnel arch. As the sower, of course, teer, and known under the term “ration," presould not be disturbed, the obstacle was met vious to the extra session of Congress in July, py carrying it across, slung, as it were, in a 1861, was as follows: powerful cast-iron trough, and there it now
4 pound of pork or bacon, or 14 pound of fresh or salt bangs, peering through the brickwork like a beef; olossal main, and with all beneath it as dry 18 ounces of bread or Alour, or 12 ounces of pilot bread, and sweet-smelling as if Fleet Ditch-the fullest or 14 pound of corn meal; und foulest of all London sewers-were 100
8 quarts of beans or peas, or 10 pounds of rice, niles away. The stations along the line already
or 140 ounces of desiccated potatoes, or 82
ounces of desiccated mixed vegetables ; numerated will, all but two, be open-air sta- 10 pounds of coffee; ions, and even those that are to be under- 15 pounds of sugar; ground will be amply lit by daylight coming
4 quarts of vinegar; hrough apertures in the roof of the arch. But
14 pound of adamantine candles;
4 pounds of soap, and one of the greatest difficulties of all the many 2 quarts of salt. hat had to be overcome consisted of construct
This ration has been found, by long expering an engine that should be at once of great ence in the regular army, to be ample. power and speed, capable of consuming its own
At the extra session above mentioned, Conmoke, and, above all, to give off no steam. gress increased it, until it is now as follows: Ordinary engines passing through tunnels so ompletely enclosed would in
#pound of pork or bacon, or 17 pound of fresh or salt very short time
beef; ill them with such a mixture of steam and 22 ounces of bread or flour, or 1 pound of pilot bread; smoke as would be very nearly suffocating, 8 quarts of beans, 10 pounds of rice or hominy, would make signals almost useless, and, in short,
and 1 pound of potatoes three times a week, ender the traffic not only disagreeable but 10 pounds of coffee ;.
or a substitute therefor; langerous. To avoid all these complicated 15 pounds of sugar vils Mr. Fowler has invented an engine which, 4 quarts of vinegar; while in the open air, works like a common
14 pound of adamantine candles; ocomotive, but when in the tunnel, consumes
4 pounds of soap, and
2 quarts of salt. ts own smoke, or rather makes none, and by ondensing its own steam gives off not a par. This ration, if cared for, and properly cooked, is
Extra issues of molasses are occasionally made. icle of vapor.
In a trial trip, as long as this engine remained more than can be eaten. n the open air at Paddington, it fizzed and sim- RHODE ISLAND, one of the original thirnered like any other locomotive; but the in- teen States, and one of the New England itant it entered the tunnel it condensed its States, is the simallest of the States of the iteam, and scarcely a mark of vapor was per- Union. It lies on both sides of Narraganset 'eptible; while, from the flues into the smoke- Bay, chiefly on the western. It extends from box being damped, not the least smell of smoke 41° to 42° Ñ. latitude, and from 71° 8' to 71° 54' was given off. As upon the success of this W. longitude. The continental portion is 56 ingine the practical working of the line de- miles in extreme length, is 40 miles broad at vends, the result of the experiment was watch the southern, and 20 at the northern end. The d with a good deal of anxiety. It, however, area is 1,225 square miles, including the bay, vas perfectly conclusive: not even the most or 1,200 miles of land. Its surface is very dilistant lamps in the long vista down the sides versified, considering its extent. of the tunnel were dimmed in the slightest de- Its political division consists of only five Tee-in short, nothing could have been more counties. It has a coast line on the Atlantio
To 100 Rations.
To 100 Rations.
ocean of forty miles; along Connecticut fifty Governor promptly tendered the Government miles; and along Massachusetts seventy miles; the services of a thousand infantry and a battalin all an outline of one hundred and sixty ion of artillery, and immediately convened the miles, extending from latitude 41° 18' to 42° i' Legislature in extra session. It met on the 17th north.
of April. The Senate passed a resolution of It is, in proportion to its population, the thanks to the Governor for his prompt action greatest manufacturing section in the Union. in support of the Government. In the House a The annual value of goods produced, by the cen- bill was at once reported for providing the sus of 1850, was $22,117,688. This had more State's quota, and a bill was presented approthan doubled in 1860, according to the census priating $500,000 for enlisting men into the of the year. The population of the State, services of the United States. The Providence which had been 76,931 in 1810, had risen to banks came promptly forward with money. 174,621 in 1860. In politics the State has been The Bank of Commerce offered $30,000, the eminently conservative. Although it gave 4,537 State Bank $50,000, the Providence Bank majority for Lincoln in 1860, it at the same $15,000, as loans to the State to aid in the outtime gave 1,460 for the conservative Governor fit of the troops. Large offers from private citSprague. The Legislature meets semi-annually, izens were also made to Gov. Sprague for simi. in May and November. The present Senate is lar purposes. The troops began immediately composed of 17 Conservatives, and 13 Républi- to move, and on the 20th the Rhode Island Macans; the House of 45 Conservatives and 25 rine Artillery, 8 guns, 110 horses, Col. TompRepublicans.
kins, passed through New York on their way to The large manufactories of Rhode Island Washington. The enthusiasm in the State was seek markets in all sections of the Union, and great, and the citizens crowded forward into she is largely dependent on the South for' raw the ranks. The First Regiment, Col. Burnside, material.
was ready to move. Many of the officers and The increasing difficulties with the South men were of the wealthiest class. This regiwere in Rhode Island regarded with much soli- ment, 1,200 strong, when it left Providence, citude. The threatened interruption to her was accompanied by Gov. Sprague, as comtrade, as well by cutting off raw material as by mander-in-chief of the Rhode Island forces. closing the market for many of her productions, A. E. Burnside, the colonel, a native of Inwas, although of vital interest, still apparently diana, graduated at West Point, served in the secondary to other considerations. The neces- Mexican war, resigned, and was employed with sity for preserving the Union was of paramount Gen. McClellan on the Illinois Central Railroad importance, and Governor Sprague promptly when the call for troops was made. The fortook the initiative in respect to existing difficul- mation of troops went on rapidly. A second ties. In his Message to the Legislature, he was regiment, under the command of Col. John 8. the first to propose the repeal of the Personal Slocum, was despatched soon after to Washing Liberty bills, which had been passed by ton, and, with the First Regiment, took a conRhode Island, in common with many other spicuous part at Bull Run, where Burnside States of the North, and which were so gener- earned his brigadier-general's commission. That ally regarded as one of the main causes of dis- disastrous day stimulated Rhode Island to new satisfaction at the South. Accordingly, Gov. efforts. The Federal Government had made a Sprague expressed himself to the effect that call for more troops. Lieut.-Gov. Arnold issued the offensive law would be rescinded “ without the following proclamation : hesitation, not from fear or cowardice, but from
STATE OF RHODE ISLAND, &c. a brave determination, in the face of threats
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, July 28, 1861. and sneers, to live up to the Constitution and To the People of Rhode Island: all its guarantees, the better to testify their All hearts are bowed in sorrow at the disastrous love for the Union, and the more firmly to result of the battle of the 21st inst., at Bull Run, in exact allegiance to it from all others," "The Virginia. vote at the close of January, 1861, on the mo- feat. This reverse is the more sad to us that it is ac
The national arms have sustained a temporary de tion to repeal, was in the Senate-yeas 21, companied by the loss of so many gallant officers and nays 9; in the House-yeas 49, nays 18. brave men who held the honor of Rhode Island second
This result was hailed by the friends of the only to their love of country. Union as a harbinger of peace, the more so that
Colonel John S. Slocum, Major Sullivari Ballou, Ohio and some other States had made a move- Captains Levi Tower
and Samuel J. Smith, and Lieu. ment in the same direction, and that the peace tenant Henry A. Prescott, of the First Regiment, bare
tenant Thomas Foy, of the Second Regiment, and Lies conference called by Virginia was on the eve fallen. So far as yet known, this completes the list of of assembling at the National Capital. At such fatal casualties among the officers; that of the privates a juncture, an indication of more moderate
is not yet received. views at the North, even if confined to the men, as it preserves the fame of its heroes of Rerola
The State will embalm the memory of these noble limited sphere of Rhode Island, was enough to tionary days. awaken hopes of an amicable settlement. These This reverse calls for renewed and vigorous effort were not realized.
on the part of all loyal citizens to maintain the Federal
Government When, in the progress of affairs, the difficul
Therefore, I, Samuel G. Arnold, Lieutenant-Gor. ties culminated in the fall of Fort Sumter, the ernor, do bereby call upon the good people of this