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A more conclusive proof of a determination the Government for the year. The loans ausomewhere to prevent every settlement of dif- thorized were small, one of twenty-five millions ficulties by any concession on the part of the and another of ten millions, and designed only North could not be furnished.

to obviate temporary emergencies. Whatever The inauguration of Mr. Lincoln took place increase was authorized in the navy was no at 12 o'clock on the 4th of March. Previous more than might be regarded as necessary to to the delivery of his address (see PUBLIC Docu- maintain its reputation and efficiency. The MENTS) a new Senate, composed of members troubles of the country, which were referred for the Thirty-seventh Congress, were convened to this Congress by President Buchanan, reand organized for a session of some days. ceived no solution at their hands. They were

On the motion to print the usual number of left as they were found. The olive branch was the Inaugural, & debate commenced on the not offered, nor was the sword loosed from the topic whether it was in favor of peace or war. sheath. A revenue law affording uncommon · Mr. Clingman, of North Carolina, commenced protection to manufactures was enacted. This the debate by saying: “I have no objection to was proposed not for the purpose of husbandprinting the Inaugural, as a matter of course; ing the resources of the country in anticipation but I must say, that I do not wish to be under- of ap aching strife, but chiefly as a party stood, for one Senator, in assenting to the print- measure, and to secure an increase of prosing of it, as indorsing its positions at all. If I perity to this great national interest. It has understand it aright, all that is direct in it, I proved to be the wisest measure adopted durmean at least, that purpose which seems to ing the session. It immediately checked the stand out clearly and directly, is one which I importation of foreign manufactures, secured think must lead to war-war against the con- the reduction of the debt of the country to federate or seceding States; and, as I think other nations, caused a large importation of that policy will be very unwise for the United specie in payment of exports, and thereby enStates, I must say frankly to gentlemen on the abled the citizens to advance loans to the Gov. other side that I do not see, if we adopt, the ernment in its most pressing hour. principles of the Inaugural, how that is to be avoided.”

EXTRA SESSION. Mr. Donglas, of Illinois, replied: "I understand it to contain a distinct pledge that the

On the 4th of July, 1861, the first or extra policy of

the Administration shall be conducted session of the Thirty-seventh Congress* con. with exclusive reference to a peaceful solution vened at Washington, in compliance with a of our national difficulties.”

proclamation of President Lincoln issued on An extended debate followed entirely on the April 15th. (See UNITED STATEs.) part of Senators in opposition to the Administration. It was suspended to consider the fol- • The following is a list of the members of both Houses : lowing resolution offered by Mr. Foster, of Con

SENATE. necticut:

California.-Milton 8. Latham and Jog, A. MacDougall, Whereas Hon. L. T. Wigfall, now a Senator of the

Connecticut.-James Dixon and Lafayette 8. Foster.

Delaware.--James A. Bayard and Willard Saulsbury. United States from the State of Texas, has declared in

Minois --Orville H. Browning and Lyman Trumbull. debate that he is a foreigner; that he owes no alle- Indiana.-Jesse D. Bright and Henry S. Lane. giance to this Government; but that he belongs to, Iorda.--James W. Grimes and James Harlan. and owes allegiance to, another and foreign State and Kansa8.James H. Lane and Samuel C. Pomeroy. Government. Therefore,

Kentucky.-Lazarus W. Powell and Garret Davis. Resoloed, That the said L. T. Wigfall be, and he

Maine.-Lot M. Morrill and William Pitt Fessenden.

Massachusetts.-Charles Sumner and Henry Wilson. hereby is, expelled from this body.

Maryland.--Anthony Kennedy and James A. Pearce. An Amendment was moved by Mr. Clingman,

Michigan.-Zachariah Chandler and Jacob M. Howard.

Minnesota.--Henry M. Rice and Morton 8. Wilkinson. of North Carolina, in these words:

Missouri,-Trusten Polk and W. P. Johnson.

New Hampshire. -John P. Hale and Daniel Clark. It is understood that the State of Texas has seceded Nero York.-Preston King and Ira Harris. from the Union, and is no longer one of the United New Jersey.-John R. Thomson and John C. Ten Eyck States : Therefore,

Ohio.-- Benjamin F. Wade and John Sherman. Resolved, That she is not entitled to be represented Oregon.-E. D. Baker and George W. Nesmith. in this body.

Pennsyloania.-David Wilmot and Edgar Cowan.

Rhode Island. -Jas. F. Simmons and Henry B. Anthony, A brief debate ensued, which was suspended Tennessee.--Andrew Johnson. on the introduction of other topics, and after

Vermont-Solomon Footo and Jacob Collamer.

Virginia.-Waitman T. Willey and James S. Carlile. wards continued, fruitless in results, until Wisconsin. -James R. Doolittle and Timothy 0. Howe. nearly the close of the month, when the Senate finally adjourned.

The general character of the legislation of California.- Aaron A. Sargent, T. G. Phelps. this session of Congress may be stated in a

Connecticut.-Dwight Loomis, James E. English, Alfred

A. Burnbam, George C. Woodruff. few words. No act was passed increasing or Delaware.-George P. Fisher. strengthening the military power of the Gov- Nlinois.- Elihu B. Washburne, Isaac N. Arnold, Owen ernment. The bills having that object in view, Robinson, Philip B. Fouke, John A. Logan.

Lovejoy, William Kellogg, William A. Ricbardson, James C. designated "force bills," failed. The appropri- Indiana. -John Law, James A. Cravens, William McKeo ations were only of such an amount as were

Dunn, William 8. Holman, George W. Julian, Albert G.

Porter, Daniel W. Voorhees, Albert 8. White, Schuyler necessary for the successful administration of Colfax,' William Mitchell, John P. O. Shanks.


The Vice-President, Hannibal Hamlin, called Carlisle, and E. H. Pendleton, to seats upon this floor, the Senate to order.

be referred to the Committee of Elections, when forned, In the House of Representatives Galusha A. and that they report to this House thereon. Grow was elected Speaker. He received 99 On making this motion he said it was not his votes of 159, the whole number cast.

purpose to offer any factious opposition to the The political complexion of the Senate when action of the House, but the State Convention all the non-seceding States were represented, repealed the law ordering an election of mernwas—Republicans, 31; Democrats, 11; Union: bers of Congress on the 23d of May. That ists, 5; vacancy, 1. That of the House was was the day upon which these persons claimed Republicans, 106; Democrats, 42; Unionists, to be elected. “If Virginia still be in the 28; vacancies, 2.

Union, as is contended by many, then, sir, VirWhen the oath was administered to the mem- ginia is sovereign, and she has the right to prebers of the House, Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky, scribe the mode, manner, and time of holding moved the following resolution :

her election for members upon this floor. If Resolved, That the question of the right of Charles the reverse of that proposition be true, then H. Upton, William G. Brown, R. V. Whaley, John S. she has no right to be represented here."

Mr. Carlile, of Western Virginia, in reply, Iowa.-James F. Wilson, William Vandever,

said, “that he was elected by nearly a udsniKansas.-Martin F. Conway.

Kentucky.-James 8. Jackson, Henry Grider, Aaron mous vote, and the only question that could be Harding, Charles A. Wickliffe, George W. Dunlap, Robert raised in his case was: had the convention of Mallory, John J. Crittenden, William H. Wadsworth, John Virginia—itself convened by a law enacted by W. Menzies.

Maine.—John N. Goodwin, Charles W. Walton, Samuel the Legislature, and restricted in its action by c. Fessenden, Anson P. Morrill, Johu H. Rice, Frederick A. that law-had that powerless body the right to Pike.

Maryland.—John W. Chrisfield, Edwin H. Webster, Cor- annul a solemn act of the Legislature of the nelius L. L. Leary, Henry May, Francis Thomas, Charles B. State? For, the law convening the convention Calvert.

Massachusetts.- Thomas D. Ellot, James Buffinton, Ben- expressly declared upon its face that no act oi jamin F. Thomas, Alexander II. Rice, Samuel Hooper, John that body changing the federal relations of the B. Alley, Daniel W. Gooch, Charles R. Train, Goldsmith F. State, or affecting the organic law of the State

, Michigan.-Bradley F. Granger, Fernando C. Beaman, should have any validity

until such act of the Francis W. Kellogg. Rowland E. Trowbridge.

convention had been referred to the people and Minnesota.-Cyrus Aldrich, William Windom.

Missouri.– Francis P. Blair, jr., James S. Rollins, William ratified by them at the polls." A. Hall, Elijah F. Norton, Thomas L. Price, John S. Phelps, He further said: “I maintain, and those I John W. Noell. New Hampshire.–Gilman Marston, Edward H. Rollins, have as much right and as high an interest in

represent opon this floor maintain, that we New Jersey.—John T. Nixon, John L. N. Stratton, Wil- the government of the Union as we have in Wood, James E. Kerrigan, Wiliam Wall. Frederick 4 proceed from the same sovereign power of the

Nero York.- Edward H. Smith, Moses F. Odeli, Benjamin that of our own State. I contend that both Charles II. Van Wyck, John B. Steele, Stephen Baker, Abra: people, and that while the State can change ita ham B. Olin, Erastus Corning, James B. McKean, William own organic law, it cannot change its relations A. Wheeler, Socrates N. Sherinan, Chauncy Vibbard, Rich- to the Federal Union without the consent of ard Franchot, Roscoe Conkling, R. Holland Duell, William E. Lansing, Ambrose W. Clark, Charles B. Sedgwick, Theo- those who with the people of that State form doro

M. Pomeroy, Jacob P. Chamberlin, Alexander 8. Diven, the Union."
Robert B. Van Volkenburg, Alfred Ely, Augustus Frank,
Burt Van Horn, Elbridge G. Spaulding, Reuben E. Fenton.

The whole subject was laid on the table, and Ohio.-George H. Pendleton, John A. Gurley, Clement the members whose seats were not contested L. Vallandigham, William Allen, James M. Ashley, Chilton

were sworn in. A. White, Richard A. Harrison, Samuel Shellabarger, Warron P. Noble, Carey A. Trimble, Valentine B. Horton. Sam- The Message was communicated to both nel s. Cox, Samuel T. Worcester, Harrison G. Blake, Robert Houses on the 5th. (See PUBLIC DOCUMENTS) Serton, Albert G. Riddle, John Hatchins, John A. Bingham. ler, of Michigan, gave notice of his intention de

On the same day, in the Senate, Mr. ChandPennsylvania. William E. Lehman, Charles J. Biddle, offer a bill to confiscate the property of all John P. Verree, William D. Kelley, William Morria Deoria Governors of States, members of Legislatures Thaddeus Stevens, John W. Killinger, James H. Campbell, judges of courts, and all military officers above James T. Hale, Joseph Bailey, Edward McPherson, Samuel the rank of lieutenant, who shall take up arms 8. Blair,

John Covode, Jesse Lazear, James K. Moorhead, against the Government of the United States, Robert McKnight, John W. Wallace, John Patton, Elijah or aid or abet treason against the Government Babbitt. Rhode Island.-George H. Browne, William P. Sheffield of the United States, and that the said indiVermont. -Ezekiel P. Walton, Jastin 8. Morrill Portus ing any office of honor, emolument, or trase

viduals shall be forever disqualified from bold. Baxter.

Virginia. -Charles H. Upton, Edmund Pendleton, Wm. under this Government; the property thos of

Wisconsin.—John F. Potter, Luther Hanchett, A. Scott fiscated to be used in restoring to the Chico Sloan.

men of the rebel States any losses which may Colorado.--Hiram P. Bennett.

have resulted to them in consequence of the Dakota John B. S. Todd. Nebraska.-Samuel G. Daily.

present rebellion. Nevada.-John C. Cradlebaugh.

In the House, on the 8th, Mr. Loomis, of New Mexico.-John S. Watts. Itah. John M. Bernhisel.

Connecticut, offered the following resolution, Washington. - James H. Wallace.

which was adopted :

Piesolved, that the Committee on the Judiciary be, army shall be reduced in its organization to the footand they are hereby, instructed to prepare and reporting in rank and numbers authorized by law on the 1st to this House a bill for a public act to confiscate the day of July, 1861. property of all persons holding any office whatsoever, either civil or military, under the government of any Mr. Latham, of California, said : “So far as State of the United States or the so-called Confederate the exigencies of the country were concerned, States of America, who have taken up arms, or shall making it necessary to order out the military, hereafter take up arms, against the Government of the he believed that the volunteer force of the United States. On the next day Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois, for such exigencies. So far as the proclamation

country would have been sufficient and ample offered the following resolution :

suspending the writ of habeas corpus between Resolved, That, in the judgment of this House, it is the city of Philadelphia and Washington city is no part of the duty of the soldiers of the United States concerned, he had as yet heard no reason for to capture and return fugitive slaves.

that extraordinary measure. He was not preIt was objected to as being out of order, and not a part of the business to which the extra pared to indorse blindfold every thing the Gov.

ernment might do." session was confined. This was overruled by the Speaker, and the resolution adopted. Ayes, amendment would be adopted.

Mr. Hale, from New Hampshire, hoped the

" There was 93; noes, 55. In the Senate, on the 10th, the following had taken place in the loyal States that had

no single feature of the great movement that joint resolution was offered to approve confirm the acts of the President previous to given him greater and more unalloyed satis

faction than the generous rallying of the peothe commencement of the session :

ple, with blood and treasure, at a moment's Whereas, since the adjournment of Congress, on the call; demonstrating the great truth upon which certain States of this Union has arrayed itself in armed every republican Government must rest now hostility to the Government of the United States, con- and forever, that there was no great necessity stitutionally administered; and whereas the President for standing armies here." of the United States did, under the extraordinary Mr. Kennedy, of Maryland, said: “While I exigencies thus presented, exercise certain powers and adopt certain measures for the preservation of

am prepared to sustain the Administration in this Government, that is to say: First. He did, on

all just and constitutional measures for the the 15th day of April last, issue his proclamation call-maintenance of the Union and for the restoing upon the several States for seventy-five thousand ration of peace, I cannot go quite so far as to men to suppress such insurrectionary combinations, indorse all the propositions laid down in this aod to cause the laws to be faithfully executed. Secondly. He did, on the 19th day of April last, issue a

joint resolution. I allude especially to the proclamation setting on foot a blockade of the ports fourth proposition in regard to the suspension within the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, of the writ of habeas corpus in the State of Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. Thirdly. Maryland. As one of the Representatives of He did, on the 27th day of April last, issue a procla. that State, I desire to say in all sincerity to the States of Virginia and North Carolina. Fourthly. He Senate that, to-day, I am not informed of the did, by order of the 27th day of April last, addressed reasons upon which this writ has been susto the commanding general of the army of the United pended in any particular case in the State of States, authorize that officer to suspend the writ of Maryland. In my judgment, there was no imhabeas corpus at any point

on or in the vicinity
of any mediate necessity for it

. The State of Marycity of Washington. Fifthly. He did, on the 3d day land is to-day, and was before the military ocof May last, issue a proclamation calling into the ser cupation of that State, entirely within the vice of the United States forty-two thousand and control of the civil authorities of the State. thirty-four volunteers, increasing the regular army We are here to-day with a representation in dred and fourteen men, and the navy by an addition Congress for the maintenance of the Union and of eighteen thousand seamen. Sixthly. He did, on the preservation of peace, elected by a larger the 10th day of May last, issue a proclamation anthor- majority than has ever been given heretofore izing the commander of the forces of the United States in that State. Six Representatives in the other on the coast of Florida to suspend the writ of habeas House bave been elected by a vote very nearly corpus, if necessary. All of which proclamations and orders have been submitted to this Congress. Now, approaching to twenty thousand majority out therefore,

of seventy thousand votes cast. The Executive Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Represent of that State, holding the power of the State vembled, That all of the extraordinary acts, procla- entirely in his hands, was fully able at all times mations, and orders, hereinbefore mentioned, be, and to suppress any insurrectionary movement withthe same are hereby, approved and declared to be in out the aid of the military power of the Gov. all respects legal and valid, to the same intent, and ernment; and yet all this was done without his done under the previous express authority and direc. ever being called upon. I now say to the Sention of the Congress of the United States.

ate and the country, in entering my protest Mr. King, of New York, offered the following tion in that particular point, that I conceive it

against the action of the Executive of the naamnendment:

to have been without any necessity whatever, Prccided, That within six months after the consti- and without the warrant of law itself. If we tutional authority of the United States Government shall be re-established, and organized resistance to

are to maintain the Government intact; if we such authority shall no longer exist, the standing are to maintain the principles of the Govern

ment which has carried us so far on the high- Government. I believe it is the only means by way of greatness and of national renown, we which the Union and the Government can be must take care not to violate the Constitution supported and maintained. I would use all the when we claim to maintain the Constitution power of the regular army and the volunteer and to enforce the laws. In enforcing the laws force until this rebellion was crushed out. I we must have a scrupulous regard to the main. would contemplate no peace which involved tenance of the Constitution in all its parts." the loss of one single acre of the national terri

Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, continued the tories, or would change the map of the United discussion by saying, " that everybody knows States. I will sanction no peace which does that these acts of the Administration were not imply death to the armed traitors who are forced upon it by the condition of the coun- leading this rebellion, and not simply a death try. The Administration felt that it must under the steel of the soldier, but the felon's exercise all the powers within the Constitution death with the halter is the fate I would reto save the Union. The legislation of the serve for every single leader in this conspiracy; country had not provided the necessary means, and I would march your troops freely whereand the President took the responsibility, and soever it is necessary to march them in putting in doing it he was then sustained by the voice down this rebellion." of the loyal portion of the country; and he Mr. Kennedy, in reply, said that he was more was sorry now, when those acts had saved the persuaded now than he had ever been before, capital and the Government, that there should that force applied by armies of hundreds of be any doubt or any hesitation in legalizing by thousands upon either side was not the way to their votes the action of the Government of the secure and to maintain the union of these States, country, extorted from it in an emergency." "I am as persuaded now as I am of any thing

Mr. King, of New York, said: “My opinion on the face of the earth, that you may fight for has constantly been, that everywhere, as fast as twenty years and you cannot restore this couninsurrection assembled, it should be reached, try to the position in which it was before the and dispersed as rapidly as it could be ; and rebellion, as you call it, broke out. I call it s that the idea of conciliation to men in arms revolution. Whether it is right or wrong, I against the country should be entertained with do not now mean to discuss; but it is my great care and deliberation. If there was on solemn conviction that you will never reconany side of a straight line a doubt in reference struct the Union by the sword. There was a to what was wisest and best, I would concede time, I admit, when peace could have been reand it is clearly my opinion that forbearance stored to the country without a compromise or would be the side to err upon; for, bad as these honor upon the part of the majority portion men are behaving, they are our countrymen. of this Senate. I think now that things have I would therefore prefer to forbear more than gone so far that little is left to the country to I should to be severe; but my judgment is, hope for from this course of coercion which is that mercy to them, as well as to the whole now being pursued. I should be glad, to-day, country, will be best promoted by vigorous and to accept any measure of conciliation. I am efficient measures against them.”

willing to make any concession to bring this Mr. Lane, of Indiana, regarded the procla- country back to the point where we stood one mation of the President of the United States year ago; but I do not believe we shall ever for the organization of eleven additional regi- get back to it by the force of arms. ments to the regular army as contemplating a “May I ask the honorable Senator if he is permanent addition to the regular army. The apprised of any necessity for, or of any reasons amendment of the honorable Senator from that require or justify, the suspension of the Now York, as he understood it, contemplated writ of habeas corpus in the State of Maryland I simply a temporary addition to the regular If so, I should like to know them." army during the war.

Mr. Wilson, of Massachusetts, in reply, said: He said : " I believe that this increase of the “ If the Senator wishes an answer, I will say regular army is necessary. I believe if we had that I think the existence of a band of conbad a standing army of forty thousand true spirators in the city of Baltimore, men who ormen last January, the present disastrous condi- ganized murder and shot down in the streets tion wbich has overtaken the country never of that city brave men who were rallying at would have befallen it. I think, from the man- the call of their country to defend the capital ner in which these new regiments are officered, of the nation and uphold the cause of the Reand the increase to the regular army is pro- public, is a full, complete justification of the posed to be made, that hereafter we shall have President in authorizing General Scott to susno defection in the regular army, and may rely pend the writ of habeas corpus in and about that with confidence upon it.

“One remark fell from the honorable Sen. Mr. Baker, of Oregon, approved as a personal ator from Maryland, to which I must at this and political friend of the President of every moment enter my dissent; and that was, if I measure of his administration in relation to the understood him correctly, that he believed that troubles of the country. “I propose," he said, coercion was the means most calculated to "to ratify whatever needs ratification. I probring about a destruction of the Union and the pose to render my clear and distinct approval


not only of the measure but of the motive in contained shall be construed as authorizing which prompted it. I propose to lend the a permanent increase of the army or navy." whole power of the country-arms, men, This was approved, and the question came money, and place them in his hands, with au- up on the passage of the resolution. thority almost unlimited, until the conclusion Mr. Polk, of Missouri, argued against the of this struggle. He has asked for $400,000,000. resolution, saying: “I ain one of those who We propose to give him $500,000,000.' He has look upon the action of the President of the asked for four hundred thousand men. We United States in this matter as of a character propose to give him half a million; and for so grave, and, I will add, so perilous, that I my part, if, as I do not apprehend, the emer- cannot, by my vote on this resolution or on gency should be still greater, I will cheerfully any bill or resolution that may be offered, conadd a cipher to either of these figures. sent to say that he has done right in suspend

“But, sir, while I do that, I desire, by my ing the writ of habeas corpus, or authorizing it word and my vote, to have it clearly under- to be suspended, or that that writ ought to be stood that I do that as a measure of war. As suspended, or can properly be suspended, under I had occasion to say, in a very early dis- any state of circumstances that can exist in the cussion of this question, I want sudden, bold, country. As far as I know, Merryman is still forward, determined war; I do not think any- incarcerated in Fort McHenry. If he has been body can conduct war of that kind as well as released I have never known it. The Senator a dictator.. But, as a Senator, I deem it my from Maryland (Mr. Kennedy) says he has not daty to look forward to returning peace. I do been released. If he has been I have never not believe it will be longer than next February known it. The liberties of that man, as I beTill danger's troubled night is o'er,

lieve, are trodden down in violation of the And the star of peace returns.'

Constitution of the United States. " Whether that peace shall be conquered at “This Constitution, Mr. President, was adoptRichmond, or Montgomery, or New Orleans, ed without a bill of' rights. It was supposed or in the wilds of Texas, I do not presume to probably by the convention of wise and patrisay; but I do know, if I may use so bold & otic men and heroes who adopted it, that no word, that the determined aggregated power such thing was necessary, because, by the Conof the whole people of this country-all its stitution there was no authority vested in the treasure, all its arms, all its blood, all its en- Government that it created, except that which thusiasm, kindled, concentrated, poured out in was expressly delegated. But so jealous were one mass of living valor upon any foe—will the constituencies of those wise and patriotic

men on this point that they were not willing "I believe with most gentlemen that the that the Constitution should be adopted or beUnion sentiment will yet prevail in the South- come the permanent basis of Government withern States. Bayonets are sharp remedies, but out recommending amendments, which should they are very powerful. I am one of those constitute a bill of rights; and I call the attenwho believe that there may be reverses. I am tion of the Senate and the country to the fourth not quite confident that we shall overrun the of these amendments : Southern States, as we shall have to overrun •The right of the people to be secure in their per. them, without severe trials of our courage and sons, bouses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable our patience. I believe they are a brave, de- searches and seizures, shall not be violated ; and no termined people, filled with their enthusiasm, ported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describfalse in its purposes, as I think, but still one ing the place to be searched and the persons or things which animates almost all classes of their


to be seized.' ulation. But, however that may be, it


be “The right of the people to be secure in that instead of finding, within a year, loyal their persons. I have called attention to the States sending members to Congress, and re- case of Merryman. We have only to look at placing their Senators upon this foor, we may that case, as it is stated by the Chief Justice in have to reduce them to the condition of terri- delivering his opinion, to see that this guarantories, and send from Massachusetts or from Il- tee of the right of the security of the person of linois Governors to control them. It may be; that man was trodden down without any auand, sir, if need come, I am one of those who thority of law. On the mere intimation of a world be willing to do it. I would do that. military general, I believe up in Pennsylvania, I would risk even the stigma of being despotic he is seized, without any warrant, in the night and oppressive, rather than risk the perpetuity time, and taken from his family, and put in of the Union of these States. I repeat, and prison in Fort McHenry; and that in the teeth with that repetition I close : Fight the war of a constitutional provision which says that through; accomplish a peace; make it so per- the right of the people to be secure in their fect and so permanent that a boy may preserve persons shall not be violated. Sir, I undertake it; and when you have done that, you have no to say that in the history of England, in the more need for a standing army."

times of the Tudors and the Plantagenets, & Mr. Fessenden, of Maine, proposed to modify case more flagrant than this cannot be found; the amendment by adding to the resolution and this is not a single case. It has occurred simply the words "provided, that nothing here- here in Maryland repeatedly. It has occurred


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