Imágenes de páginas

against them when they have no opportunity

Richmond, July 4, 1941. of being heard, and to impoverish them by To Abraham Lincoln, President and Commander-im taking away the earnings of their industry and Chief of the Army and Navy of the United Stata: applying it to other uses.

* It would Şir: Having learned that the schooner Savannah, a be the most intolerable hardship for me, for a private armed vessel in the service and sailing under citizen, at every quarter session to be obliged States of America, had been captured by one of the to tell all he knows or suspects against his vessels forming the blockading squadron off Charles neighbor. It is pretended that it is an inno- ton harbor, I directed a proposition to be made to tbe cent proceeding. How can that be innocent officer commanding that squadron for an exchange of which calls upon one to commit a breach of war held by this Government, “ according to number trust?

and rank.” To this proposition, made on the 19th ul" It is an extraordinary stretch of power, in timo, Captain Mercer, the officer in command of the an extraordinary time, when we are endeavor- blockading squadron, made answer on the same day ing to make good before the world our right to that the prisoners (referred to) are not on board of its respect as an enlightened people-a people It now appears, by statements

made without contracapable of self-government, and of governing diction in newspapers published in New York, that the themselves in a manner worthy of the civiliza- prisoners above mentioned were conveyed to that city, tion and light of the age; and this act, bor. and have been treated, not as prisoners of war, bat as rowed from the darkest period of tyranny, is in jail, brought before the courts of justice on charges dug up from the very quarries of despotism, of piracy and treason; and it is eren rumored that and put forth as our sentiments. They are not they have been actually convicted of the offences my sentiments; and sorry will I be if in this charged, for no other reason than that they bore arms sentiment I am solitary and alone. *

in defence of the rights of this Government, and under With regard to that which requires the viola- the authority of its commission,

I could not, without grave discourtesy, have made tion of professional confidence, he must be the newspaper statements above referred to the subbetter instructed before making up his mind ject of this communication, if the threat of treating as to the order of responsibility or not. There pirates the citizens of this Confederacy, armed for its are cases where it is dishonor or death-and service on the high seas, had not been contained in death will certainly be chosen by every man tion, however, seems to afford a sufficient justificawho deserves the name." (See S. CAROLINA.) tion for considering these published statements as not

All property in corporations, such as stock or devoid of probability: bonds of railroad companies, banks, &c., held

It is the desire of this Government so to conduct the by citizens of the Northern States, was easily may be possible; and, with this intent, its treatment

war pow existing as to mitigate its horrors, as far as traced out and very generally sequestrated. of the prisoners captured by its forces has been marked Such property also as was the basis of mercan- by the greatest bumanity and leniency consistent with tile and commercial enterprise, was extensively public obligation. Some bave been permitted to ro confiscated, but interests in estates, and that turn home on parole, others to remain at large under class of property which passes through kindred have been furnished with rations for their subsistence, and friends, was extensively covered up. The such as are allowed to our own troops. It is only enforcement of the law gradually ceased with since the news has been received of the treatment of the decline of that bitterness of spirit which the prisoners taken on the Savannah that I have been existed at the time of its passage. It was also the prisoners taken by us in strict confinement. understood that, as a measure of severity against A just regard to humanity and to the honor of this Northern citizens, it would be of no avail. Government now requires me to state explicitly that, Where allegiance was given

by a citizen, pro- deal out to the prisoners held by it the same treatment

painful as will be the necessity, this Government will tection was due by the Government. Under this and the same fate as shall be experienced by those principle the Government of the United States captured on the Savannah ; and if driven to the ter would in justice be required to compensate its rible necessity of retaliation by your execution of any citizens for their_losses. A sequestration act of the officers or crew of the Savannah, that retaliation was passed

by the Federal Congress. (See UNITED will be extended so far as shall be requisite to secure STATES.) Its enforcement was temporary.

the abandonment of a practice unknown to the warfare

of civilized man, and so barbarous as to disgrace the On the 8th of July, while Colonel Porter was nation which shall be guilty of inaugurating it. reconnoitring for a camp for his brigade about With this view, and because it may not have

reached six miles from Arlington, on the Virginia side you, I now renew the proposition made to the com. of the Potomac, opposite Washington, Lieuten. the prisoners taken on the Savannah an equal number ant-Colonel Taylor, an officer in the Confed- of those now held by us, according to rank. erate army, presented himself with a flag of

I am, sir, yours, &c., truce. He stated that he was the bearer of

JEFFERSON DAVIS, despatches from the President of the Confed

President and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and

Nary of the Confederate States. erate States to President Lincoln. He was taken to the head-quarters at Arlington, and In his message to Congress on the 20th of at evening conveyed to Washington. His letter July, President Davis refers to this despatch was sent to President Lincoln, and the next sent to Washington, and after stating the resday he returned. No answer was given to sons upon which it was sent, thus proceeds: this communication, the contents of which “To this end I despatched an officer under a were as follows:

flag of truce to President Lincoln, and informed him of my resolute purpose to check all bar- In choosing the thirteen from the highest rank to be barities on prisoners of war by such severity of held for a like number of prisoners of war captured by

the enemy at sea, there being only ten field officers, it retaliation on prisoners held by us as should

was necessary to draw by lot three captains. The first secure the abandonment of the practice. This names drawn were Captains J. B. Ricketts, H. Mccommunication was received and read by an Quade, and J. W. Rockwood. officer in command of the United States forces,

The list of thirteen will therefore stand: Colonels and a message was brought from him by the Lee, Cogswell, Wilcox, Woodruff

, and Wood; Lieu

tenant-Colonels Bowman and Neff; Majors Potter, Rebearer of my communication that a reply would vere, and Vogdes ; Captains Ricketts, McQuade, and be returned by President Lincoln as soon as Rockwood. possible. I earnestly hope this promised reply Respectfully, your obedient servant, (which has not yet been received) will convey

JOHN H. WINDER, Brigadier-General.

Hon. J. P. BENJAMIN, Secretary of War. the assurance that prisoners of war will be treated, in this unhappy contest, with that re

HEAD-QUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF HENRICO, gard for humanity which has made such con

RICHMOND, VA., Nov. 12, 1861. spicuous progress in the conduct of modern SIR : In obedience to your instructions, all the warfare. As measures of precaution, however, wounded officers have been exempted as hostages, and until this promised reply is received, I shall to await the result of the trial of prisoners captured retain in close custody some officers captured tions, by lot, of Captains H. Bowman and T. Keffer, to from the enemy, whom it had been my pleasure replace Captains Ricketts and McQuade, wounded. previously to set at large on parole, and whose The list of thirteen will now stand : Colonels Lee, fate mnst necessarily depend on that of prison. Colonels' Bowman and Netf; Majors Potter, Revere,

Cogswell, Wilcox, Woodruff, and Wood; Lieutenanters held by the enemy."

and Vogdes; Captains Rockwood, Bowman, and KefStill later in the year, another case of this fer. kind occurred. The captain and crew who Respectfully, your obedient servant, were captured in the privateer Jefferson Davis

JOHN H. WINDER, Brigadier-General. were brought to Philadelphia and tried, and

Hon. J. P. BENJAMIN, Sec'y of War, Richmond. found guilty of piracy. The sentence of the The privateersmen were ultimately put on law in such a case is death. For the purpose the footing of prisoners of war by the orders of rescuing these men, retaliatory measures of the Federal Government, and these prisonwere adopted by the Confederate Government. ers in the Confederate States were early reWhat the measures were, and the manner in leased, with the exception of Colonel Corcoran, which they were put in force, is shown by the These extreme measures, whether adopted by orders of the Government authorities, as fol- the Federal or Confederate Governments, were lows:

not prosecuted for any length of time with that C. 8. A. WAR DEPARTMENT, bitterness or vindictiveness which might be an

RICHMOND, Nov. 9, 1861. Ste: You are hereby instructed to choose, by lot, ticipated from the language in which they are from among the prisoners of war of highest rank, one

expressed. Neither was the treatment of priswho is to be confined in a cell appropriated to convicted

oners on either side, with some exceptions, felons, and who is to be treated in all respects as if marked by that harshness and severity which sach convict, and to be held for execution in the same characterized former wars, and especially civil manner as may be adopted by the enemy for the execution of the prisoner of war Smith, recently con

wars. The sentiment of mankind forbade, either denned to death in Philadelphia.

at the North or South, any thing like a system You will also select thirteen other prisoners of war, of cruelty to captives. the highest in rank of those captured by our forces, to The internal affairs of the Confederate States be confined in the cells reserved for prisoners accused of infamous crimes, and will treat them as such so

were early placed upon an organized and effilong as the enemy shall continue so to treat the like cient system. The withdrawal from the United number of prisoners of war captured by them at sea, States, and the creation of a Confederacy, and now held for trial in New York as pirates. caused but few changes, and these consisted

As these measures are intended to repress the infa rather in the persons who held public offices, mous attempt now made by the enemy to commit judi- than in any change in the nature of the offices strictly, as the mode best calculated to prevent the themselves. commission of so heinous a crime.

The transmission of the mails was gradually Your obedient servant,

suspended by the Federal Government, after J. P. BENJAMIN,

the secession of each State, and was entirely Acting Secretary of War. To Brig.-Gen. Jon H. WINDER, Richmond, Va.

assumed by the Confederate Government within

the limits of the Confederate States after the HEAD-QUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF HENRICO, 31st of May. RICHMOND, Va., Nov. 11, 1861,

All postmasters, route agents, and special Str : In obedience to your instructions

contained in agents acting under the authority of the United your letter of the 9th instant, one prisoner of war of States, were directed, on and after the 1st day to be held for execution in the same manner as may of June, to continne in the discharge of their be adopted by the enemy for the execution of Smith, duties, subject to the laws and regulations of recently condemned to death in Philadelphia. The the Confederate Government, to which they names of the six Colonels were placed in a can. The first name drawn was that of Colonel Corcoran, Sixty

were required to apply for new commissions. ninth Regiment N. Y. S. M., who is the hostage chosen They were also instructed to render their final to answer for Smith,

acconnts up to the 31st day of May, to the Post

Office Department at Washington, and to re, time, a division of opinion existed even in the turn, at the same time, all postage stamps and Cabinet of President Davis, on the policy of a stamped envelopes belonging to the United forward movement of the army. It was apState, and to retain in their possession all the prehended by those who were opposed, that revenue which should have accrued from the an attack upon and destruction of the Capital postal service previous to the 1st of June, to would thoroughly arouse the North. Some meet the orders of the Postmaster-General of asserted that the true policy at that time, was the United States for the payment of mail-ser- to await the action of the French and English vice within the Confederate States.

Governments, and thus the difficulties might be Postmasters were forbidden to collect postage arranged without further effusion of blood. At on mail inatter sent to or received from the the same time, the army was desirous of a forUnited States until a postal treaty should be ward movement, the capture of Washington, made by that Government with the Southern the recovery of Maryland, and the possession Confederacy; and, until postage stamps and of Baltimore for their winter-quarters. The stamped envelopes were furnished, all mail mat- final decision was adverse to a forward moveter was required to be paid for in money. ment. The rapid increase in the Federal force,

Five cents were charged for every single seal- its improving discipline and reorganization, ed letter conveyed over a distance of less than rendered doubtful the result. A change was five hundred miles within the limits of the Con- also made in the war policy of the Federal federacy; and for any distance exceeding that Government, the design of which now was to point, double that rate. Newspapers published attack the Confederate States elsewhere than in within the Confederate States and sent from the Virginia. All these circumstances exerted a office to subscribers residing in the said States, controlling influence when united with others were charged as follows: weeklies, ten cents per which existed within the Confederacy itself, quarter ; semi-weeklies, double that amount; tri. These consisted in a lack of transportation, and weeklies, treble that amount; papers published those more indispensable means to the success six times a week, sixty cents; and dailies sev. of an attempt at invasion, an abundance of enty cents. Periodicals published oftener than money. Nevertheless, the military efforts of biennially were charged as newspapers. Books, the Government were on a most extensive bound or unbound, not weighing over four scale. Troops were organized and sent to inpounds, were charged at two cents an ounce for trenched camps in Kentucky. (See KENTUCKT.) any distance. Double the rates above specified Forces were maintained in Western Virginis, were to be charged upon all newspapers publish- and an active campaign carried on. (See Vraed beyond the limits of the Confederate States. GINIA.) In Missouri, although left in a manner

The new postage stamp did not make its by the Government to take care of herself, the appearance until the 18th of October. It was most active military operations took place. green, with a portrait of President Davis, (See MISSOURI.) The talents and skill of the within a double oval border, surrounded with Commanding General, Price, enabled him to the inscription, “ Confederate States of Amer- sustain himself, and carry on an active camica.” Outside of the circle, and at the head of paign with less assistance and encouragement the stamp, is the word "postage," and at the from the Government than any officer in the lower edge its denomination, “five cents." army.

The Courts of the United States were also At this moment, the solvent or specie-paying organized as courts of the Confederate States, banks refused to receive the Confederate Treas and the officers of the army and navy of the ury notes, and were calling in all their own United States, who resigned, became officers in circulation. They also refused to receive the the army and navy of the Confederate States. bills of suspended banks, and both Treasury Revenne officers in like manner continned as notes and suspended bills sunk from eight to such under the new Government.

fifteen per cent., and in the cities of the Gulf At the session of Congress in July at Rich- States were refused by mechanics and trades. mond, the report of the Secretary of War stated men. Embarrassment, discouragement, and the number of regiments of troops then accept- uncertainty settled upon whole communities. ed was 194, and 32 battalions, besides various The valuable paper was rapidly decreasing and detachments of artillery, and companies of cav. disappearing, while the other was as rapidly in. alry. He urged the continued acceptance of creasing. All who could, drew specie from the troops until the number reached 300 regiments. banks, and millions of dollars were hid away The success at Bull Run awakened such a de- or buried. gree of enthusiasm and confidence in the ulti- From this period, which was the month of mate triumph of the Confederacy, that the September, the favorable aspect of affairs in army, in a short time, increased to a greater the Confederate States began to decline, and number than had been anticipated. Forward before the close of the year, the subject of movements were made from Manassas and Cen- drafting soldiers to serve in the army was so treville, and the flag of the “Stars and Bars” tively discussed. The entire forces in the field was flaunted from the summit of Munson's Hill, at any time scarcely exceeded 290,000 men, and where the inhabitants of the city of Washing- many of those were militia, rather than sol ton could see its folds proudly waving. At this diers enlisted for a long war.


Financial affairs became more and more em- of their wealth, position, and connection has been erbarrassed, and the sale of the year's crops, upon erted in favor of the Lincoln Government, and they which an agricultural peoplo always relies, Tennessee. They really deserve the gallows, and if being cut off

, the planters and agriculturalists consistent with the laws, ought speedily to receive fonnd themselves sadly crippled. Clothing and their desorts. But there is such a gentle spirit of conarins were deficient for the army, and the means ciliation in the South, that I have no idea that one of of increasing the latter were too defective to them will receive such a sentence at the hands of any promise a sufficient supply, unless they could this station, for three months, half the time in com

jury empanelled to try then. I bave been here at be obtained in Europe, and imported in spite mand of the post, and I have had a good opportunity of the blockade.

of learning the feeling pervading the country; it is On the 6th of November, an election was hostile to the Confederate Government. They are the held for a President and Vice-President under never intend to be otherwise. When accosted, they

followers and slaves of Johnson and Maynard, and the permanent constitution. President Davis suddenly become very submissive, and declare they and Vice-President Stephens were the candi- are for peace, and not supporters of the Lincoln Gov. dates without opposition. The electoral votes ernment, but yet they claim to be Union men. At one of the States respectively were as follows:

time, when our forces were at Knoxville, they gave it

out that great changes were taking place in East TenAlabama

11 North Carolina ...... 12 nessee, and the people were becoming reconciled and Arkansas 6 South Carolina....

8 loyal Florida 4 Tennessee

At the withdrawal of the army from here to the Gap, Georgia 12 Texas

and the first intimation of the approach of the Lincolá Louisiana.

8 Virginia .... 18 army, they were in arms, and there was scarcely a Mississippi. 9

man but who was ready to join the enemy and make

Total............ 109 war upon us. Messrs. Davis and Stephens were elected I have to suggest at least that the prisoners I have President and Vice-President for the term of taken be treated, if not as traitors, as prisoners of

war. To release them would be ruinous—to convict six years. They entered upon the duties of

them in a court next to an impossibility. But if they • their offices under this election, in the ensuing are kept in prison six months, it will have a good month of February.

effect. The bridge-burners ought to be tried at once, The extent of attachment for the Federal Very respectfully,


Colonel commanding post. Union, which remained among the people of the Confederate States, can never be justly

BENJAWIN'S REPLY. known. It was not prudent to express such

War DEPARTMENT, RICHMOND, sentiments, however ardently they might have

Nov. 25, 1861. been entertained. Neither was it any less im- inst. is received, and I now proceed to give you the

COL. W. B. WooD-SIR: Your report of the 20th prudent to express sentiments in favor of seces- desired instructions in relation to the prisoners taken sion in the United States. Doubtless a large num- by you amongst the traitors of East Tennessee. ber of the people were disposed to acquiesce ist. All such as can be identified in having been enin the result, whichever side triumphed. Ingaged in bridge-burning, are to be tried summarily by some parts of the Confederate States, such as drum head court-martial, and if found guilty, exe

cuted on the spot by hanging. It would be well to Western Virginia, the Union sentiment was

leave their bodies hanging in the vicinity of the burnt irresistible; in other parts it was kept in sub- bridges. jection by the strong arm of military power. 2d. All sach as have not been so engaged, are to Sach was the case in Eastern Tennessee. The be treated as prisoners of war, and sent with an armed following correspondence between the Colonel guard to Tuscaloosa, Alabama, there to be kept im

prisoned at the depot selected by the Government for commanding a post in that region of country, prisoners of war. and the Confederate Secretary of War, reyeals Whenever you can discover that arms are concenthe strength of the Union attachment among trated by these traitors, you will send out detachments, the people:

search for, and seize the arms. In no case is one of KNOXVILLE, Noo. 20, 1861.

the men known to have been up in arms against the J. P. Benjamin, Secretary of War :

Government, to be released on any pledge or oath of Sie: The rebellion in East Tennessee has been put allegiance. The time for such measures is past. They down in some of the

counties, and will be effectually are all to be held as prisoners of war, and held in jail suppressed in a few weeks in all the counties. Their till the end of the war. Such as come in voluntarily, camps in Sweet and Hannilton counties have been take the oath of allegiance, and

surrender their arms, broken up, and a large number of them made pris execution of these orders is earnestly urged by the

are alone to be treated with leniency: Your vigilant opers. Some are confined in jail at this place, and others sent to Nashville. In a former communication


Your obedient servant, I inquired of the Department what I should do with them. It is a mere farce to arrest them, and turn them

J. P. BENJAMIN, Secretary of War. over to the courts-instead of having the effect to in- P. S.-Judge Patterson, Colonel Pickens, and other timidate, it really gives encouragement and emboldens ring-leaders of the same class, must be sent at once to them in their traitorous conduct.

Tuscaloosa to jail, as prisoners of war.
We have now in custody some of their leaders: Judge
Patterson, the son-in-law of Andrew Johnson; Colonel

The year finally closed with one of the most Pickens, the Sepator in the Legislature from Sevier decisive blows to the hopes of the Confederate and other counties; and several members of the Legis. States for a speedy triumph, which could poslatare, besides others of influence and some distinction sibly occur. The chief reliance for success, rebellion, but have so managed as not to be found in entertained by the Confederate authorities

and arms; nevertheless, all their actions and words have people, was founded upon the expectation of been hostile to the Confederate States. The influence certain interference by England and France to

break up the blockade and open their trade. were made for a Southern Confederacy. A Messrs Mason and Slidell were sent out as committee in the Legislature of Mississippi, on Commissioners, the former to England and the Jan. 19, reported resolutions to provide for latter to France, to negotiate treaties with those a Southern Confederacy and establish a ProGovernments. They were captured when on visional Government. Florida, Alabama, and board an English steamer, (see TRENT,) on their Georgia at once approved of this general de way to England, and taken to Boston, and in- sign, and delegates were appointed to a Concarcerated in Fort Warren. It was believed in gress to be held at Montgomery. The desiga the Confederate States that the crisis had now of this Congress, as then understood, was to come-England would demand the surrender of organize a new Confederacy of the seceding these Commissioners, which the United States slaveholding States, and such other slavebold. would refuse, and war would immediately ensue ing States as should secede and join them; between the latter power and Great Britain. and to establish first, a Provisional Govern All eyes were now turned with intense interest ment, intended to prepare for the general de to view the conduct of England. The stormy fence of those States which were linked to weather delayed the arrival of the news. The gether by a common interest in the peculiar first report brought, stated the immense mili- institution, and which were opposed to the tary preparations she was making. The next Federal Union ; second, make treaties with the brought a demand for the immediate surrender United States and other foreign" countries; of the Comunissioners, or the alternative of the third, obtain decisive legislation in regard to the retirement of the British Minister. Three days negro; and, fourthly, determine what States of great public anxiety ensued. On the fourth should constitute the Confederacy. day the Commissioners were surrendered, (see On the 4th of February this Congress met st DIPLOMATIO CORRESPONDENCE,) and the hopes Montgomery, in a hall, on the walls of which, of the Confederate States for foreign interven- portraits of Marion, Clay, Andrew Jackson, tion were dashed to the ground, never to rise and several of Washington were hanging. It again. The Government of the Confederate was composed of the following members, erStates at the close of the year was as follows: cept those from Texas who were not appointed JEFFERSON DAVIS, of Mississippi, President,

until Feb. 14: ALEX. H. STEPHENÁ, of Georgia, Vice-President. Col. JOSEPH DAVIS, of Mississippi, Aid to the President South Carolina.—R. B. Rhett, James Chesnut, fr, W.P. Capt. R. JOSSELYN, of Mississippi, Private Secretary of Miles, T. J. Withers, R. W. Barnwell, C. G. Memminger, L the President.

M. Keitt, and

W. W. Boyce. R. M. T. HUNTER, Va., Secretary of State. WILLIAM Georgia.- Robert Toombs, Howell Cobb, Benjanin & M. BROWNE,

Assistant Secretary of State. P. P. DAN. Hill, Alexander H. Stephens, Francis Bartow, Startis 2 DRIGE, Chief Clerk.

Crawford, E. A. Nisbett, Augustus B. Wright, Tboma R. C. G. MEMMINGER, 8. C., Secretary of the Treasury. R. Cobb, and Augustus Keenan. P. CLAYTON, Ga., Assistant Secretary of the Treasury. Alabama.-Richard W. Walker, Robert H. Smith, Calia H. D. CAPERS, Chief Clerk of the Department. LEWIS J. McRae, John Gill Sborter, S. F. Hale, David P. Levin CRUGER, S. C., Comptroller and Solictor. BOLLING Thomas Fearn, J. L. M. Curry, and W. P. Chilton. BAKER, Ga., 1st Auditor. W. H. S. TAYLOR, La, 20 Mississippi.---Willie P. Harris, Walker Brooke, A.

ROBERT TYLER, Va., Register. E. C. EL- Clayton, W.8. Barry, J. T. Harrison, J. A. P. Campbell, and MORE, Ala., Treasurer.

W. S. Wilson. J. P. BENJAMIN, La., Secretary of War. A. T. BLED- Louisiana.--John Perkins, jr., Duncan F. Kender, C. I SOE, Va., Chief Clerk of the Department. B. COOPERConrad, E. Spencer, and Henry Marshall. Va., Adjutant and Inspector-General of the C. 8. Army. Florida. Jackson Morton, James Powers, and I. P. Lieul.-Col. B. CHILTON and Capt. J. WITHERS, 8. C., Anderson. Assistants Adjutant and Inspector-General. Col. R. TAY Texas.-L. T. Wigfall, J. H. Reagan, J. Demphill, IN LOR, Ky., Quartermaster-General. Col. A. C. MYERS, Waul, Judge Gregg, Judge Oldham, and Jadge W. I 8. C. Assistant Quartermaster-General. Lieut.-Col. NOR- Ochiltree. THROP, S. C., Commissary-General. Col. J. GORGAS. Va., Chief of Ordnance. COL 8. P. MOORE, (M. D.,) S.C., All the members were present except Mr. Surgeon-General. Capt. C. H. SMITH, (M. D.,) Va., Assistant Surgeon-General. Capt. LEG. G. CAPERS, (M. D.) Morton, of Florida, and the members from 8. Ca Chief Clerk of the Medical Department, Major D. Texas. A permanent organization was made

8. B. MALLORY, Fla., Secretary of the Navy. Com. E. by the election of Howell Cobb, of Georgia, ss M. TIDBALL, V2, Chief Clerk of the Department. Com. Chairman, and J. J. Hooper, of Montgomers, D. N. INGRAHAM, 8. C. Chief of Ordnance, Construction, Alabama, Secretary. and Repair. Capt. GEORGE MINOR, Va., Inspector of Ordnance. Com. L. ROSSEAU, La., Chief of Equipment, Mr. Cobb, on taking the chair, made an ad. Recruiting Orders, and Detail. Capt. W. A. SPOTTS WOOD dress. He said : (M. D.,) Va, Chief of Medicine

and Surgery. Capt. JOHN DEBREE, Chief of Clothing and Provisions.

“Accept, gentlemen of the Convention, my Ex-Gov. BRAGG, N. c., Attorney General. WADE sincere thanks for the honor you have conferred KEYS, Ala, Assistant Attorney-General.P.E. RHODES, upon me. I shall endeavor, by a faithful and Superintendent of Public Printing: R. M. SMITH,' va impartial discharge of the duties of the Chair, Public Printer.

to merit, in some degree, at least, the confJOHN H. REAGAN, Texas, Postmaster-General. 11. S. OFFUT, Va, Chief Contract Bureau. B. N. CLEMENTS, dence you have reposed in me. Tenn., Chier 'Appointment Burean. J. L. HARRELL, Ala, “ The occasion which assembles us together, Chief Finance Bureau. W. D. MILLER, Texas, Chief Clerk is one of no ordinary character. We meet s of Department,

representatives of soveregin and independent CONGRESS, CONFEDERATE. No sooner States, who, by their solemn judgment, bare was secession an organized fact in South Caro- dissolved the political association which coglina with a certainty that other States would nected them with the Government of the soon arrive at the same result, than suggestions United States. Of the causes which have led


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