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Calf Island Bar, connecting Calf and Stave Islands, has a depth of 9 to 11 feet (2.7 to 3.4 m.) in a buoyed channel, and can be used by vessels of 8 feet (2.4 m.) draft at low water.
An extensive chain of bare and sunken ledges extends through the middle of Flanders Bay from the north end to near the south end. The southerly ledge is bare at half tide and marked by a black_buoy off its south end. The opening between the south end of Long Ledge (partly bare at high water) and the ledge with 5 feet (1.5 m.) over it southward, has a least found depth of 19 feet (5.8 m.) and was marked in 1926 by private barrel buoys on each side.
West Gouldsboro is a village at the head of the southeasterly tributary of Flanders Bay. There is a depth of 4 feet (1.2 m.) to within 14 mile of the village, above which the channel is bare at low water to the landing. The channel is unmarked and difficult, and 'seldom used even by local boats.
East Sullivan is a village at the northern end of Flanders Bay. The wharf is bare at low water and boats seldom go to it.
To enter across Calf Island Bar, give the western shore of Stave Island a berth of 14 mile and steer 19o true (NE. 34 N. mag.) for the bar buoys, passing 38 mile southeastward of the Thrumcap. Pass the black buoy and the red buoy on the bar close-to, and from the latter steer 61° true (E. 78 N. mag.) for Halftide Ledge black buoy. Pass about 100 yards southward and eastward of it and steer 3440 true (N. 14 E. mag.) for the prominent house on Hall Point until about 38 mile from it. Then steer 308° true (NW. by N. mag.), pass midway between Hall Point and a black buoy, and follow the shore of Ash Neck at a distance of 300 yards. Anchor 14 mile to 38 mile northwestward of Ash Point, in 3 to 4 fathoms (4.9 to 7.3 m.).
The entrance to Flanders Bay between Preble and Calf Islands is clear and deep. Enter in mid-channel, and follow the shore of Calf Island, giving it a berth of 200 yards. When northeastward of the island, steer 111° true (SE. 1. E. mag.) and pass 100 yards southward of Halftide Ledge black buoy. Round the buoy at this distance and proceed as directed in the preceding paragraph.
Eastern Point Harbor is a sheltered anchorage for small craft on the north side of the eastern end of Preble Island. The head of the harbor is shallow, and is separated from Sorrento Harbor by a partly dry reef.
Sorrento Harbor is a small anchorage, used by small pleasure craft in summer, on the north side of Frenchman Bay north of Preble and Dram Islands. The entrance from southward favors Dram Island slightly, and is narrowed by reefs bare at low water, which extend 100 yards from Preble Island and 50 yards from Dram Island. The entrance from westward is narrowed by a reef, partly showing at high water, which extends 175 yards from the north side. The best water is found 100 yards north of Dram Island on a 91° true (ESE. 14 E. mag.) course.
Sorrento is a summer resort on the north side of Sorrento Harbor. It has several summer hotels. The steamer which connects with the railroad at Mount Desert Ferry makes regular calls at Sorrento. There is a float landing maintained in the summer season. There is a depth of about 11 feet (3.4 m.) at the steamer wharf.
(chart 306) is an arm of Frenchman Bay making northward from the north end. It forms the approach to Hancock Point, Mount Desert Ferry, Sullivan, and Franklin. It is used by the regular steamers as far as Sullivan, and by vessels up to 13 feet (4 m.) carrying stone from the quarries above Sullivan. The least depth to the falls just above Sullivan is about 20 feet (6.1 m.).
Bean Ledge, eastward of Bean Island, shows at high water.
Bean Island, in the middle of the entrance to Sullivan Harbor, is grassy and has a few trees on its east end. The generally used channel leads westward of it.
Crabtree Ledge, on the west side at the entrance to Sullivan Harbor is marked by a lighthouse (white tower on black pier).
Hancock Point is a steamer landing on the western side of Sullivan Harbor westward of Crabtree Ledge Lighthouse.
Mount Desert Ferry, on the west side of Sullivan Harbor, 142 miles above the entrance, is the terminus of a railroad, and has steamer communication with Bar Harbor and the other towns on Frenchman Bay. The wharf has a depth of about 12 feet (3.7 m.) at its end.
Sullivan is a small village on the north side of Sullivan Harbor, 312 miles above the entrance. There is a depth of about 15 feet (4.6 m.) at the steamer wharf, but there is a ledge with a depth of 10 feet (3 m.) 100 yards southward of it.
Sullivan Falls, the contracted section of the river, 1/2 mile above Sullivan, is said to have a depth of about 7 feet (2.1 m.) at low water, but is obstructed by ledges and the tidal currents are dangerous. Vessels using it go in and out at high water slack.
An electric power line is carried across the river at the falls by means of two high towers.
A highway bridge crosses the river about 12 mile above the falls. There is a swing span with a horizontal clearance of 82 feet 10 inches. At the date of this volume the regulations governing the opening of this bridge had not been promulgated.
West Sullivan, on the north side just above the falls, has several quarries at which vessels load to 13 feet (4 m.).
Taunton Bay is the name given to the expanded section of Sullivan River, 6 miles above the entrance. An unmarked channel with a depth of about 8 feet (2.4 m.) leads through it to near the head, but the bay outside this channel is bare, or nearly so, at low water.
Franklin, a town on the railroad at the head of Taunton Bay, has several quarries at which vessels load to a draft of 12 feet (3.7 m.) at high water.
Ice obstructs navigation in Sullivan River during January, February, and March.
Tides.—The mean rise and fall of tides is about 101/2 feet (3.1 m.) below the falls and about 612 feet (1.9 m.) above. The tidal currents through the falls are dangerous at strength. Highwater slack is 11/3 hours and low water slack 134 hours later in the falls than below them.
Directions, Sullivan Harbor and Taunton Bay.-The main entrance to Sullivan Harbor is between Bean Island and Crabtree Ledge Lighthouse. Vessels can also enter by the buoyed channel
eastward of Bean Island, but this channel is seldom used. The channel from the entrance to Sullivan has ledges bare and submerged on either side but has ample depth and is well marked.
Approaching Sullivan_Harbor from southward, when in midchannel between Burnt Porcupine and Sheep Porcupine Islands, steer 343° true (N. 18 E. mag.) for 412 miles and pass between Crabtree Ledge Lighthouse and Bean Island; the former should be given a berth of 100 yards, and the western end of Bean Island a berth of over 200 yards. Then steer 15o true (NE. by N. mag:) with Crabtree Ledge Lighthouse astern, and pass westward of a red spar buoy, and to a mid-channel position between the two spindles above Mount Desert Ferry. Then steer 21° true (NE. 12 N. mag.) to a position 125 yards eastward from Moon Ledge black buoy. Then steer more northward and anchor, favoring the northern shore, in 31/2 to 7 fathoms (6.4 to 12.8 m.) off the town of Sullivan. The water shoals abruptly on both sides of the channel throughout the harbor.
Navigation through the falls just above Sullivan is safe at slack water only. Vessels sometimes go in on the flood tide but always come out at high water slack. The channel is unmarked above Sullivan, has dangerous ledges on either side, and is unsafe except with local knowledge.
Pilots can usually be obtained near the entrance.
FRENCHMAN BAY, SULLIVAN HARBOR TO MOUNT DESERT NARROWS
Skilling River (chart 306) is an arm of the northern part of Frenchman Bay westward of Sullivan Harbor. The entrance is 15/8 miles wide between Crabtree Point on the east and Meadow Point on the west, but it contracts rapidly to a width of 400 yards 134 miles above Crabtree Point. Above this the river leads about 4 miles in a northwesterly direction to the post village of North Hancock,
The channel is narrow and crooked and has numerous rocks and ledges, making its navigation difficult. Strangers wishing to enter the river with vessels should get a pilot at Bar Harbor, or anchor 112 miles above Crabtree Point in 5 to 7 fathoms (9.1 to 12.8 m.), and get a pilot from South Hancock. The river is unmarked, and
seldom used except by local fishing craft. The wharves are generally small and bare at low water. Strangers in small craft can enter with the aid of the chart.
South Hancock, Hancock, and North Hancock are villages along the main road, some distance from the bay, and have little business by water,
Eastern Bay forms, with Mount Desert Narrows, a thoroughfare from the head of Frenchman Bay to Blue Hill Bay, north of Mount Desert Island. It is generally deep and clear in mid-channel to the entrance of Mount Desert Narrows, except for Googin Ledge, nearly 1/2 mile long, bare in the center at low water and marked on the southwest side by a red buoy. The channel leads southward of it.
The naval coaling plant situated on the north side of Eastern Bay is now abandoned, and the hoists were being dismantled in 1926.
Lamoine Beach is the name of a settlement in this vicinity.
There is good anchorage for deep-draft vessels between Googin Ledge and a position northwestward of the coaling station in 6 to 9 fathoms (11.0 to 16.5 m.). There is also good anchorage about 1/4
mile from shore off the entrance of Salisbury and Emery Coves, in 7 to 8 fathoms (12.8 to 14.6 m.). At Hadley Point, Eastern Bay merges into Mount Desert Narrows, and Berry Cove makes into the northern shore. There is good anchorage in 3 to 4 fathoms (4.9 to 7.3 m.) off the entrance to this cove, which is shallow at its head.
Jordan River, making northward just west of Berry Cove, has a narrow, crooked channel with 5 feet (1.5 m.) at low water up to Lamoine. Strangers should take a pilot at Berry Cove (East Lamoine); the channel is not marked so as to be followed, except by persons well acquainted with the locality. Lamoine is a town on the east bank of the river just above the entrance; a draft of 15 feet (4.6 m.) can be taken up to it; the wharves are dry at low water and there is little business.
Mount Desert Narrows (chart 307) connects the head of Frenchman Bay with the head of Blue Hill Bay northward of Mount Desert Island. It is crossed by a highway drawbridge having two openings 36 feet wide; the north opening is generally used.
The channel is bare at low water and is used at high water by boats up to 9-foot (2.7 m.) draft. It is narrow and difficult and is fringed with reefs. The most difficult part was marked in 1926 by small private buoys.
Strangers should not attempt to use it with a greater draft than 4 or 5 feet (1.2 or 1.5 m.), and should go through on a rising tide. The mean rise and fall of tides is 101 feet (3.2 m.), and high water occurs at about the same time as at Eastport and Bar Harbor. The flood current sets westward and ebbs eastward.
Directions.—The following remarks may be of use to strangers in going through the Narrows: Having passed through Eastern Bay, pass at least 200 yards northward of Hadley Point and steer westward for 118 miles with the steel tower at the north end of the bridge ahead, until 250 yards northward of the north end of Thomas Island (wooded). Then swing a little northward and head for Trap Rock (low bare islet) showing a little to the right of the northerly steel tower for 3/8 mile until 400 yards from Trap Rock and past a reef on the south side. Then haul southwestward to round the reef extending 250 yards southwestward from Trap Rock, and then steer westward for the draw, with the north end of Thomas Island astern, being guided by the private buoys or other marks. After passing through the draw give the shore on the south side a berth of 150 yards to avoid ledges making off it, until 1/4 mile from the bridge, and then haul south-southwestward into Western Bay, giving Haynes Point on the western side a berth of 300 yards to avoid ledges off it.
(chart 318) is a town and anchorage on the eastern side of Mount Desert Island, 31/2 miles above Egg Rock Lighthouse. This harbor is formed by an indentation in the shore of Mount Desert Island and two islands northward; a breakwater extending southwesterly from Round Porcupine Island to within 18 mile of the shore affords some shelter against southerly winds. The bottom is generally rocky and poor holding ground except near the head of the harbor, and the water deepens quickly from 4 to 13 fathoms (7.3 to 23,8 m.) A swell
heaves in during southeast winds, and vessels should not attempt to ride out a gale here from that direction.
All of the islands surrounding Bar Harbor are high and wooded, and have no prominent marks. When approaching from southward, Round Porcupine Island is distinguishable on account of its bare rocky slopes.
Cromwell Cove, westward of the end of the breakwater, has several float landings, but is seldom used as an anchorage.
Bar Harbor is an important summer resort and yachting center. It is connected by steamer with the railroad at Mount Desert Ferry, and with the principal towns on Frenchman Bay, and westward along the coast to Rockland. Coal in limited quantities can be had at the wharf or from lighters. Water can be had from the wharves or from water boats. The steamboat wharves at the eastern end of the water front have depths of 10 to 13 feet (3.0 to 4.0 m.). The coal and other wharves westward have depths of 1 to 4 feet (0.3 to 1.2 m.).
The usual anchorage is southward and southeastward of the eastern end of Bar Island, in 1 to 13 fathoms (1.8 to 23.8 m.), the depths shoaling rapidly toward the bar southward of Bar Ísland. The southern limit of the anchorage is marked by white barrel buoys placed by the harbor master to leave a clear channel to the wharves.
The principal entrance is from eastward between Round Porcupine and Sheep Porcupine Islands, and is clear. Passing about 300 yards northeastward of Round Porcupine Island, a 289° true (NW. 58 W. mag.) course will lead to the anchorage. Local vessels sometimes enter from northward between Sheep Porcupine Island and the islet eastward of Bar Island, where the depth is 8 feet (2.4 m.). There is a deep channel 150 yards wide into the harbor from southward between the end of the breakwater extending southwestward from Round Porcupine Island and the western shore; it is generally used by local vessels entering from southward. To enter by this channel, pass 50 yards westward of the end of the breakwater, and give the shore northward of the breakwater a berth of 300 yards or more.
Large vessels frequently anchor northward or northwestward of Bar Island, in 7 to 10 fathoms (12.8 to 18.3 m.), soft bottom. The bar inside of Bar Island will be avoided by keeping the north side of Sheep Porcupine Island open from the north side of Bar Island. The western shore is fairly bold, with the exception of a rock, bare at low water, lying 5,8 mile westward of Bar Island and 250 yards from the shore at the entrance of Duck Brook. Bald Rock Ledge, the highest part of which shows at low water, lies 78 mile northward of Bar Island, and is marked at its southwest end by a red buoy. Vessels should keep over 14 mile southward of a line joining the buoy and Bald Rock (a bare rocky islet).
FRENCHMAN BAY, BAR HARBOR TO SOUTH WEST HARBOR
The southeast side of Mount Desert Island between Bar Harbor and Seal Harbor is rocky and precipitous. The small coves indenting the shore are of no importance to navigation. Several dangers lie off the shore, but the most dangerous either show above water or are marked by buoys.