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southwestward around this buoy, leaving it about 50 yards on the port hand, and steer 209o true (SW. 14 W. mag.) to a position 100 yards westward of another black buoy. Then steer 235° true (WSW. 578 W. mag.), and pass close northward of the black buoy at the western end.

Narraguagus Bay.-This bay lies north-northeastward of Petit Manan and northwestward of Nash Island. The lower part of the bay is a well sheltered anchorage, much used as a harbor of refuge in all seasons by vessels up to 18-foot (5.5 m.) draft. The principal dangers in the channels are buoyed, and the lighthouses on Nash Island, Petit Manan, and Pond Island (Narraguagus light) are guides for the entrance. It is connected with Pleasant Bay by Flint Island Narrows, and with Harrington Bay by Dyer Island Narrows, both previously described.

Jerry Ledge, off the southeast end of Bois Bubert Island, is bare at low water.

Jordans Delight Ledge, in the middle of the entrance to Narraguagus Bay, has a rock at its southwest end, bare at low water and marked by a spindle.

Black Ledge, at the northeast end of Jordans Delight Ledge, is bare at half tide. The ground in this vicinity is very broken and should not be crossed by vessels.

Mackerel Rock, an unmarked rock with 10 feet (3.0 m.) over it, lies 144 miles, 111° true (SE. 12 E. mag.) from Narraguagus Lighthouse, and 5 mile northeastward of Black Ledge, in range with the latter and Petit Manan Lighthouse.

Jordans Delight is a rocky island, sparsely wooded on top.

Pond Island shows from southward as å bare conical hill 160 feet (49 m.) high, and is marked on its eastern side by Narraguagus Lighthouse.

Narraguagus Lighthouse is a white tower connected with dwelling. The light is fixed white, 54 feet (16.5 m.) above the water, and visible 11 miles. During fog, a bell is struck' by hand in answer to signals. Douglas Islands are wooded.

Douglas Island Harbor lies north of the Douglas Islands (wooded) and west of Pond Island. It has anchorage in 4 to 6 fathoms (7.3 to 11 m.), but is seldom used, the anchorage above Trafton Island being better. Considerable sea makes into the harbor in heavy southerly weather. The harbor is clear except at its southwest end, where Douglas Island Ledges, partly bare at low water, extend 350 yards northwestward from the middle Douglas Island. The dangers in the southern part of the harbor will be avoided by keeping the summit of Pond Island bearing southward of 94o true (ESE. mag.).

Entering Douglas Island Harbor northward of Pond Island, pass northward and at least 14 mile westward of the black buoy on the end of the ledge which extends nearly 38 mile northward from Pond Island. The harbor may also be entered from southward between the islands, the best channel being between the wooded island near the southwest end of Pond Island on the east, and the eastern one of the three Douglas Islands and the bare rock 250 yards southward from it on the west. Entering by this passage, avoid two rocks, bare

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at low water, which lie 125 yards southwestward of the wooded islet lying 250 yards off the middle of the west side of Pond Island.

A narrow channel, said to have a depth of at least 8 feet (2.4 m.) at low water, but bordered by rocks sunken and awash, on either side, leads from Douglas Island Harbor into the head of Pigeon Hill Bay. It is sometimes marked by bush stakes, but local knowledge is necessary to carry the best water. The best water leads about 75 yards northward of Currant Island (wooded in the center) and then about 283o true (NW. by W. 1/8 W. mag.) with the highest point of Pond Island astern, until into the main channel of Pigeon Hill Bay.

Shipstern Island, on the eastern side, at the entrance of Narraguagus Bay, is high, round, and wooded, and has rocky bluffs on its south side.

Western Reef, extending 38 mile southward from Tommy Island, has a bare rock on its southern end, and is marked by a red buoy.

Tommy Island is low and sparsely wooded.

Trafton Island is wooded. There is a good channel on either side.

Trafton Island Ledge, in the middle of the entrance to the cove on the north side of Trafton Island, is a bare rock.

Halftide Ledge, 5/8 mile northward of Trafton Island, is partly bare at low water and marked by a spindle near its northern end.

Wyman is a small settlement of fishermen on the western side 134 miles northward of Trafton Island. A fish cannery and wharf is located here; gasoline and some provisions are obtainable.

Narraguagus River, emptying into Narraguagus Bay from northward, has a least depth of about 4 feet (1.2 m.) to Millbridge, 2 miles above the mouth at Wyman. The channel is narrow, crooked, and leads between flats on each side bare at low water. It is partially marked, but local knowledge is necessary to carry the best water. Strangers should navigate it on a rising tide.

Millbridge is a small town on the west side of the Narraguagus River near its mouth. There is no shipping at Millbridge, and in 1926 both wharves were in ruins. The river is crossed by a fixed highway bridge at the town. There is some lobstering and fishing out of Millbridge. Gasoline and some provisions can be obtained.

Narraguagus River between Millbridge and Cherryfield, a distance of about 4 miles, is bare at low water throughout most of its length, and the deepest draft using it is about 5 feet (1.5 m.) at high water and with local knowledge.

Cherryfield has railroad communication. Its principal industry is lumber.

Pigeon Hill Bay.—This bay, having its entrance on the eastern side of Petit Manan Bar and northward of Petit Manan Lighthouse, is easy of access by day, and affords good anchorage in 12 to 24 feet (3.7 to 7.3 m.), but is seldom used except by local fishermen. The channel is unmarked except at the entrance. There is a small settlement, and a wharf, bare at low water, on the west side near the Carryingplace. A watch tower on the western side is visible above the trees in all directions.

Whale Ledge, on the east side at the entrance to Pigeon Hill Bay, is bare at half tide. A red buoy marks a 13-foot (4.0 m.) spot 300 yards southward of it.

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Egg Rock shows at low water as a large ledge of dark bowlders, with several high parts which are always out of water. There is a narrow channel between Egg Rock and Bois Bubert Island, but a stranger should not attempt it.

Gull Rocks are a large ledge, bare at half tide, making off 1/4 mile from the shore of Bois Bubert Island about 138 miles northward of Egg Rock. These rocks are avoided by keeping in mid-channel.

Pigeon Hill, the high, bare-topped hill on the western shore near the head of the bay, is conspicuous, and a landmark for some distance at sea.

The thoroughfare connecting the head of Pigeon Hill Bay with Douglas Island Harbor is described on page 81.

In entering Pigeon Hill Bay, having made the red buoy on the east side of the entrance, a 349o true (N. 34 E. mag.) course with Pigeon Hill ahead and Petit Manan Lighthouse astern, will lead 1/4 mile westward of the red buoy, and clear of all dangers until inside the bay. Follow a mid-channel course in the bay, and anchor above Gull Rocks in 3 to 4 fathoms (5.5 to 7.3 m.), soft bottom. Small vessels anchor on the west side off the Carrying place.

Petit Manan Bar connects Petit Manan Island with Petit Manan Point on the mainland; it is composed of ledges and large bowlders, between which is a channel, marked by a perpendicularly striped buoy, which may be used by vessels of 8 feet (2.4 m.) draft at low water when the sea is smooth. The sea breaks along the whole length of the bar with a swell or in heavy weather, and the tidal currents set over it with considerable velocity, the flood northeastward, the ebb southwestward; sailing vessels are cautioned not to approach the bar in a light breeze,

The buoy marking the channel across Petit Manan Bar is 114 miles north-northwestward of Petit Manan Lighthouse and 1 mile southsoutheastward of the end of Petit Manan Point. The buoy can be left close to on either side.

Another channel across the bar, 38 mile southeastward of Petit Manan Point, is used by small local boats at all stages of the tide, but it is unmarked and difficult, and should not be attempted by strangers.

Petit Manan Island is low and bare, and marked by the lighthouse and several buildings.

Petit Manan Lighthouse is a gray granite tower. The light is fixed white, with a white flash of 6 seconds duration every 2 minutes, 123 feet (37 m.) above the water, and visible 17 miles. The fog signal is an air whistle (blast 3 seconds, silent 27 seconds).

Supplies.-Gasoline and provisions are obtainable at all of the towns and villages on the rivers at the head, but Wyman and Millbridge are the only places convenient to the bays where supplies are obtainable.

Repairs.—There are no facilities for repairs.

Pilots are not necessary to enter the bays. Local fishermen can usually be found to pilot vessels up to the towns on the tributaries.

Ice-From December to April ice usually forms on Pleasant River and Harrington River to their mouths, and very frequently on Harrington Bay. Ice seldom obstructs navigation in Narraguagus River

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except in January and February, during which time the river is usually frozen to the mouth.

Anchorages.—The usual anchorage for vessels seeking shelter in Narraguagus Bay is between Trafton Island and Lower Middle Ground buoy, in 21 feet (6.4 m.), soft bottom; vessels of 10-foot (3 m.) draft or less sometimes anchor in 14 to 17 feet (4.3 to 5.2 m.) north of Trafton Island, about midway between it and the spindle on Halftide Ledge. Vessels bound up to Millbridge anchor in 14 to 16 feet (4.3 to 4.9 m.) about 12 mile east of Wyman, the wharf bearing about 274o true (WNW. mag.). Good anchorage in 24 feet (7.3 m.), soft bottom, will be found about 38 mile northeastward of the spindle on Halftide Ledge.

Vessels also anchor in Pleasant Bay in 5 to 6 fathoms (9.1 to 11 m.) westward of Nightcap Island and southward of Barton Ledge; the best and most frequently used anchorage for small vessels in Pleasant Bay is southeastward and eastward of Birch Islands, in 14 to 18 feet (4.3 to 5.5 m.).

Tides.—The mean rise and fall of tides is 11 feet (3.4 m.) at Nash Island, 12 feet (3.7 m.) at Addison Point and 11 feet (3.4 m.) at Millbridge.

DIRECTIONS, PLEASANT AND NARRAGUAGUS BAYS

This locality is very rocky and broken, and has not been examined by means of a wire drag. Vessels should therefore avoid all rocky and broken areas, as there is no certainty that all of the shoals are charted, or that the least depth on those charted has been found.

Pleasant Bay.-Vessels entering Pleasant Bay from eastward, southward of the islands between Chandler and Pleasant Bays, can pass 14 mile southward of Seahorse Rock bell buoy, and steer 277° true (NW. by W. 578 W. mag.) for 314 miles to a position 38 mile southwestward of Black Rock, and then 316° true (NNW. 14 W. mag.) for 214 miles to a position 38 mile west-southwestward of Nash Island Lighthouse.

Then steer 338° true (N. 14 W.mag.) for nearly 2 miles, passing 3/8 mile eastward of Cole Ledge buoy and to a position 38 mile westward of Norton Island Ledge. Then steer 12o true (NNE. 34 E. mag.) for the eastern end of Birch Islands in range with Tumbledown Dick Head, and pass 250 yards westward of Nightcap Island. Anchor anywhere eastward or southeast ward of the south end of Birch Islands, in 14 to 18 feet (4.3 to 5.5 m.), soft bottom.

Entering from Tabbott Narrows, steer 267o true (WNW. 12 W. mag.) with the south end of Ram Island astern, and pass nearly 14 mile northward of The Ladle and the same distance southward of the spindle on the end of the ledge extending southward from Norton Island. Pass southward and westward of Norton Island Ledge at a distance of about 14 mile, steer 12o true (NNE. 34 E. mag.), and proceed as directed in the preceding paragraph.

Entering from westward, from the perpendicularly striped bell buoy 1 mile southward of Petit Manan Lighthouse, steer 32° true (NĚ. 12 E. mag.) for 8 miles to a position 12 mile northwestward of Nash Island Lighthouse Then steer 338° true (N. 14 W. mag.) and proceed as directed in entering from eastward. The 32o true (NE. 1/2 E. mag.) course leads 38 mile southeastward of Jo Leighton Ground, a rocky area with a least found depth of 15 feet (4.6 m.). Vessels should exercise care not to be set upon it.

Harrington Bay.-- Follow the directions for entering Pleasant Bay, until 1 mile north-northwestward of Nash Island Lighthouse, and then steer 319o true (NNW. mag.) with the lighthouse astern, and pass midway between Otter Island and Strout Island. Follow the western side of Strout Island at a distance of about 200 yards and

a pass about 100 yards eastward of the red and black spar buoy. Then steer about 1° true (N. by E. 34 E. mag.), pass 125 yards westward of Shag Islet, and then follow the eastern shore at a distance of about 300 yards. Anchor anywhere in the channel on the eastern side of the bay.

Narraguagus Bay.-In entering from eastward, southward of the islands between Chandler Bay and Pleasant Bay, pass 14 mile southward of Seahorse Rock bell buoy, and steer 277 true (NW. by W.578 W. mag.) for 314 miles to a position 38 mile southwestward of Black Rock, then steer 300° true (NW.38 N. mag.) for the southwest end of Trafton Island until 38 mile west-southwestward of Shipstern Island. Then haul westward and pass southward and westward of Trafton Island at a distance of about 300 yards, and steer 356° true (N. by E. 38 E. mag.). The depth will shoal gradually from 5 fathoms (9.1 m.) abreast Trafton Island to 15 feet (4.6 m.) about 134 miles above its southwest end, and anchorage can be selected in any depth desired.

Or, to pass eastward of Trafton Island, steer for its southwest end on a 3000 true (NW.38 N. mag.) course until 14 mile southwestward of Western Reef red buoy. Then steer 353° true (N. by E. mag.) and pass about 400 yards westward of the buoy, and midway between Trafton and Tommy Islands. Pass 200 to 300 yards eastward of Trafton Islands and steer 336o true (N. 38 W. mag.). The depth will shoal gradually from 6 fathoms (11 m.) abreast Trafton Island to 15 feet (4.6 m.) 114 miles northward of it, and anchorage can be selected in any depth desired.

In entering from Moosabec Reach vessels can pass 14 mile northward of Cone Island, at least 14 mile southward of Flint Island and Shipstern Island, and proceed as directed in the preced ing paragraphs.

From westward.–From the perpendicularly striped bell buoy 1 mile southward of Petit Manan Lighthouse, steer 13o true (NNE. 78 E. mag.), pass about 58 mile southeastward of Bois Bubert Island, about 400 yards westward of Jordans Delight, the same distance eastward of Narraguagus Lighthouse and about 200 yards eastward of the black buoy northeastward of the lighthouse. Then steer 336° true (N. 1/2 W. mag.) to a position 300 yards westward of Trafton Island, and then steer 356o true (N. by E. 14 E. mag.) to the anchorage. Or, to pass eastward of Trafton Island, from a position 200 yards eastward of the black buoy 400 yards northeastward of Narraguagus Lighthouse, steer 10° true (NNE. 5/8 E. mag.) and pass midway between Trafton and Tommy Islands. Pass 200 to 300 yards eastward of Trafton Island and steer 336o true (N. 38 W. mag. ).

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