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northwest side of Tabbott Narrows, is grassy, and Ram Island, on the southeast side, is wooded.

Islands and channels south of Moosabec Reach (chart 304). Lying between Chandler Bay and Pleasant Bay and extending about 5 miles southward from Moosabec Reach is a group of islands, which, though of no commercial importance, form several prominent landmarks for vessels passing along the coast. The passages between these islands lead to several small and sheltered anchorages, of which Mistake Harbor is the only one available for strangers on account of numerous unmarked rocks and ledges.

Head Harbor is between Head Harbor Island, the easternmost of the group, and Steel Harbor Island, and is a sheltered anchorage with depths of 15 to 21 feet (4.6 to 6.4 m.). The harbor is small and has unmarked rocks bare at low water on both sides of the entrance and anchorage. Strangers should not enter without a pilot. The rocks of Man Island, the eastern side of the entrance, are dark, and those on the western side are light in color. There is a small settlement on Crow Point, at the western end of Head Harbor, and another farther northward, on the western end of Head Harbor Island.

Mistake Harbor.–This harbor, on the northwest side of Steel Harbor Island, is small, but affords a secure anchorage with depths of 4 to 7 fathoms (7.3 to 12.8 m.). It is entered from southward through Main Channel Way, a deep but narrow channel leading between

Steel Harbor Island on the east and Mistake and Knight Islands on the west. With care the harbor may also be entered by vessels through Mud Hole Channel; vessels delayed by a head wind in Mistake Harbor sometimes beat out through the Mud Hole Channel. The black buoy in the middle of Mistake Harbor marks a rock bare at low water only.

Green Island is the largest of the islands and rocks extending northwestward along the south side of Mistake Harbor. The northernmost rock of the group is bare at low water and lies 350 yards northward of Green Island and 200 yards northwestward of the outer bare rocks northeastward of the island. At the northwestern end of the group are two sunken rocks with 4 feet (1.2 m.) over them, which lie 300 yards northwestward of the outer bare rock lying 300 yards northwestward of the island.

Moose Peak Lighthouse, on the southwest side at the entrance to Main Channel Way, is a white tower connected with a white dwelling. The light is flashing white (flash 4 seconds, eclipse 26 seconds), 72 feet (21.9 m.) above the water, and visible 14 miles.

Eastern Bay lies between Head Harbor and Great Wass Islands northward of Mistake Harbor; a thorough local knowledge is required for its navigation.

Mud ole Channel is 1/2 mile westward of Moose Peak Lighthouse and leads northwestward to the Mud Hole, a narrow cove in Great Wass Island used by boats which enter at high water and lie aground at low water. There is good anchorage for a small vessel at the entrance to Sand Cove and Mud Hole, in 14 to 30 feet (4.3 to 9.1 m.), soft bottom.

On the southwest side of Mud Hole Channel and extending nearly 1 mile in a southeasterly direction from Little Cape Point, Great

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Wass Island, is a group of rocks and ledges called Black Ledges, many of which are bare at half tide. Channel Rock, the southeasternmost of the Black Ledges, is awash at high water and lies 600 yards northeastward of Freeman Rock, a bare rock about 40 feet (12.2 m.) high.

The principal dangers on the northeast side of Mud Hole Channel are a rock, bare at low water, lying 150 yards off the southwest side of the island on the northeast side, at the entrance, and a sunken rock lying 350 yards westward of Green Island and 250 yards southward of the bare rock northwestward of the island.

Directions, Mistake Harbor. Give the south end of Steel Harbor Island a berth of about 1/4 mile when southeastward of it and enter in mid-channel, about 400 yards eastward of Moose Peak Lighthouse, on a 301° true (NW. 12 N. mag.) course. When through the narrowest part of the channel select anchorage between the northwest end of Knight Island and the black buoy 1/2 mile northwestward of it, in 4 to 7 fathoms (7.3 to 12.8 m.).

To leave by Mud Hole Channel.-From Mistake Harbor steer 287° true (NW. 34 W. mag.) for the southwest side of Minx Island in

range with the high bluff on the south side of Sand Cove North, and pass about midway between the outer bare rock northeastward of Green Island and the black buoy northward. Pass 200 to 400 yards southeastward of Minx Island and steer 181o true (S. by W. 78 W. mag.), with eastern end of Minx Island in range with the northwestern end of Head Harbor Island astern. When a little over 14 mile westward of the outer bare rock northwestward of Green Island steer 123° true (SE. 34 S. mag.), pass about 14 mile southwestward of the rock, and pass about midway between Water Island and Channel Rock to sea.

Western Bay, lying westward of Great Wass Island, has numerous groups of islands which lie generally in a north and south direction. Between the groups are passages that lead to the western end of Moosabec Reach and are used by vessels with local knowledge. There is a small settlement on the western side of Great Wass Island in the vicinity of the Coast Guard station, in a cove locally known as Blackduck Cove.

The passage between Great Wass Island and Crumple Island has numerous unmarked sunken rocks and is also obstructed by a line of ledges and rocks extending from Browney Island to Great Wass Island. There is a narrow channel with a depth of about 11 feet (3.4 m.) through these ledges. This passage should not be used by a stranger.

Crumple Island is a high, bare, rocky island with several nubbles; on its summit is a flagstaff and lookout house. Fisherman and Browney Islands lie northwestward of Crumple Island, with rocks and ledges between. Egg Rock, a bare, rocky islet, lies 11,2 miles westward of Crumple Island, with numerous rocks and ledges between. Western Egg Rock is a small, bare, rocky islet about 1/2 mile northward of Egg Rock. Seahorse Rock is bare at half tide and lies 38 mile westward of Egg Rock. It is marked by a red bell buoy placed southwest of the rock.

The passage between Seahorse Rock, Western Egg Rock, and Ram Island on the east, and the Sand and Drisco Islands on the west, has a broad channel in its southern part, although there are

unmarked dangers on either side. The northern end of the passage, on either side of Hardwood Island, is foul, and the passage should not be used by strangers.

The passage westward of the Sand and Drisco Islands and Shabbit Island and eastward of Black Rock, Flat Island, and Plummer Island is comparatively clear. There is also a comparatively clear passage westward of Black Rock, Flat Island, and Green Island and eastward of Cone Island. Both passages can be used by vessels in the daytime and clear weather with the assistance of the chart.

Sand and Outer Sand Islands are partly wooded. The Drisco Islands, Stevens, and Plummer Islands are wooded. Flat and Green Islands are comparatively low and covered with grass. The highest parts of Stanley Ledge (14 mile southward of Outer Sand Island) and Batson Ledge (38 mile eastward of Sand Island) show above high water. Black Rock is a low, bare rock lying 114 miles south-southwestward of Flat Island and 21/8 miles south-southeastward of Nash Island lighthouse.

Cape Split Harbor, lying 2 miles northeastward of Nash Island lighthouse, is a secure anchorage for small vessels, and with the aid of the buoys is easily entered in the daytime. The harbor has extensive flats and ledges, between which is a channel 200 yards or more wide. The anchorage with best swinging room is 38 to 12 mile inside the entrance, from abreast a red buoy to just above a black buoy, in 3 to 4 fathoms (5.5 to 7.3 m.); and vessels of less than 9-foot (2.7 m.) draft can anchor in the entrance of the cove on the eastern side opposite the black buoy, in 9 to 15 feet (2.7 to 4.6 m.). The flats are soft mud in places, and small vessels are sometimes beached on them. A reef, which shows well at low water, extends 400 yards southward and southwestward from the eastern point at the entrance, and is marked on its western side by a red bụoy. There is a landing and small settlement on the bay; some motor-boat supplies are obtainable.

The approach to Cape Split Harbor between Sheep Island and The Ladle is clear if these islands be given a berth of over 300 yards. From westward the approach is clear between the spindle southward of Norton Island and the Pot Rocks. Enter the harbor midway between the red and black buoys at the entrance on a 12° true (NNE. 34 E. mag.) course.

PLEASANT, NARRAGUAGUS, AND PIGEON HILL BAYS

(chart 305) indent the shore between Nash Island Lighthouse on the east and Petit Manan Lighthouse on the west, and form the approach to the villages of Addison, Harrington, Millbridge, and Cherryfield, all on tributaries of the bays. They are frequented mostly by local fishing boats and a few lumber schooners. The bays are separated by islands and rocks, through which several thoroughfares lead.

Pleasant Bay.-This bay is a secure anchorage and is easily entered in the daytime. There are numerous islands and ledges in the bay, but the important dangers are marked by buoys. The entrance is marked by Nash Island Lighthouse. A channel in no place less than 12 mile wide, with depths of 6 fathoms (11 m.) or more, leads up the bay to an anchorage in 5 to 6 fathoms (9.1 to 11 m.) westward of Night Cap Island and southward of Barton Ledge.

The best and most frequently used anchorage is southeastward and eastward of Birch Islands, in 14 to 18 feet (4.3 to 5.5 m.).

Cone and Nash Islands, on the eastern side of the entrance to Pleasant Bay, are grassy. A ledge, the southern end of which shows bare, extends about 500 yards southward from Nash Island.

Nash Island Lighthouse is a white square tower connected with dwelling. The light is fixed red, 51 feet (15.5 m.) above the water, and visible 9 miles. The fog signal is a bell (í stroke, silent 20 seconds; 2 strokes, silent 20 seconds).

The Ladle, 34 mile southwestward of the entrance to Cape Split Harbor, has a bare symmetrical mound at its northern end.

Pot Rock and Big Pot, westward of The Ladle, are bare rocks.

Flint Island, on the west side at the entrance of Pleasant Bay, is sparsely wooded. The southeastern side should be given a berth of at least 1/2 mile.

Coles Ledge, 1/4 mile eastward of Flint Island, is bare near low water and marked on its eastern side by a black buoy.

Flint Island Narrows is a deep passage leading from Pleasant Bay to Narraguagus Bay, between Flint and Dyer Islands. It is used principally by steamers, and is not recommended for sailing vessels on account of ledges which make out from the southern shore of Dyer Island and contract the channel to a width of about 200 yards. A black buoy is placed on the northern edge of the ledges making off from the northeastern side of Flint Island and marks the eastern entrance to the Narrows. The course through the Narrows is 232o true (WSW. 14 W. mag.), passing 50 yards northwestward of the black buoy and about 150 yards off the northwest sides of Flint and Shipstern Islands.

Norton Island is grassy. Norton Island Ledge, 1/4 mile westward of Norton Island, is bare in spots at high water. The reef extending 14 mile southward from the west end of Norton Island is partly bare at high water, and marked by a spindle at the end.

Narrows Island Ledge is bare at half tide.

Pleasant River, emptying into the head of Pleasant Bay from northeastward, can be approached on either side of Birch Islands, the channel eastward of them having a depth of 16 feet (4.9 m.) and that westward 17 feet (5.2 m.). For a distance of about 2 miles up the river to Wass Point, the channel, with a depth of over 12 feet (3.7 m.) narrows gradually from 400 to 200 yards, and affords good anchorage in 3 to 6 fathoms (5.5 to 11.0 m.). Above Wass Point the channel is narrow and crooked, with a least depth of 5 feet (1.5 m.) at one place just below Addison Point, and is suitable only for small craft, except with local knowledge. Above this the river is navigable at high water to Columbia Falls, about 10 miles above its mouth.

The channel is partially marked by buoys and easily followed with the aid of the chart to Wass Point. For about 1 mile above to White Point, the channel is bordered by ledges, bare at various stages of the tide, and marked by beacons and sometimes by local bush stakes, but is difficult to follow. From White Point to Addison Point, there are shoals on either side bare at low water; the channel is unmarked, but is most easily followed at low water or on a rising tide. The river above Addison Point is unmarked and difficult. Pilots for the

river can usually be obtained from local fishing boats. Ice obstructs navigation from December to April.

Nightcap Island, on the east side at the entrance to Pleasant River, is grassy, with a few bushes on the north side. Nightcap Ledge, extending southward from the island, is bare at the inner end at half tide.

Barton Ledge, 38 mile northward of Nightcap Island, is bare at low water and marked by a horizontally striped buoy.

Bunker Ledge, 14 mile westward of the southern Birch Island, is bare at half tide, and marked on its eastern side by a black buoy.

Birch Islands are wooded. Raspberry and Mink Islands, northward of Birch Islands, are grassy. Fort Island is marked by a shanty.

Addison, a village about 5 miles above the mouth of Pleasant River, has a little trade. Vessels of 12 feet (3.7 m.) draft can go up at high water as far as this; there is from 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 m.) of water alongside the wharves. Just above Addison Point the river is crossed by a highway bridge (width of draw 36 feet), The village of Columbia Falls is 5 miles above and has railroad communication.

Harrington Bay is separated from the upper part of Pleasant Bay on the east by Ripley Neck, and from Narraguagus Bay on the west by Foster Island. The bay extends 212 miles in a northerly direction from Strout Island to Chamberly Ísland, where it is met by Harrington River from northeastward and by Flat Bay and Mill River from northwestward. It has a depth in the channel of 434 fathoms (8.7 m.), and good anchorage in 5 to 7 fathoms (9.1 to 12.8 m.), but is seldom used except by local vessels.

Flat Bay and Mill River are mostly bare at low water, and seldom used except by an occasional wood schooner.

Harrington River has a narrow, crooked unmarked channel, with a depth of 2 feet (0.6 m.) at low water to the town of Harrington, at the head of navigation on Harrington River about 4 miles above its mouth. The greatest draft taken up to the town is 12 feet (3.7 m.); the usual draft is 6 to 10 feet (1.8 to 3 m.). There is 2 feet (0.6 m.) alongside the wharves at low water. The town has railroad communication. Ice forms in the river and bay between December and April as far down as Ripley Neck.

Strout Island, in the middle of the entrance of Harrington Bay, is sparsely wooded. Strout Island Ledges, southeastward of Strout Island, are covered at high water; the south end is bare at low water and marked by a red buoy. A rock awash at low water and marked by a red buoy lies 14 mile eastward of the south end of Strout Island Ledges. Shag Islet is a low, bare rock.

Dyer Island Narrows, the passage between Dyer Island and Foster Island, has a depth of 9 feet (2.7 m.) at low water, and connects Harrington Bay with Narraguagus Bay. This passage is buoyed, but is not suitable for sailing vessels on account of the sharp turns and narrowness of the channel. There are numerous dangers close to the channel, and the buoys must be closely followed.

To go through Dyer Island Narrows, pass about 50 yards southwestward of the red and black buoy lying 300 yards westward of the northern end of Strout Island, steer 321° true (N. by W.34 W.mag.), and pass 50 yards northward of the next black buoy. Haul sharply

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