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The Drums is a dangerous ledge 2 miles northeastward of Long Island. It is bare at low water and marked by a black buoy at the southeast end. The range of the western ends of Green and Placentia Islands leads well westward of it.

Horseshoe Ledge is bare at low water and marked by a spindle.

Drum Island is a bare rock 400 yards eastward of the easterly Green Island.

Green Islands are two rocky islets with grass on top lying 34 mile southward of Black Island.

Black Island is wooded. There are a few houses and a small wharf on the north side. Three ledges lie off its east side; Inner Dawes Ledge is bare at high water, Outer Dawes Ledge is awash at high water, and Grindstone Ledge is bare at about half tide and marked by a spindle.

Placentia Island is wooded except on its eastern end, which is grassy.

Little Gott Island and Great Gott Island are generally wooded. There is a small settlement of fishermen and a post office (Gott Island) on the west side of Great Gott Island, the approach to which is by the passage between the islands. This passage can be entered from southward at low water, but a bar, bare at low water, crosses it at the northwest end. There are no wharves. The houses of the settlement are the most prominent marks in this vicinity.

Bass Harbor Bar and Bass Harbor are described on page 107.

Staple Ledge, between Placentia Island and the north end of Swan Island, is bare at low water only, and marked by a horizontally striped buoy.

Long Island, the most southerly of the large islands off Blue Hill Bay, is wooded and has no prominent marks visible from seaward.

Long Island (Lunt) Harbor is a cove on the north side of the island. Frenchboro is a village of fishermen in the cove. There is a large fish-packing wharf with a depth of 1 to 2 feet (0.3 to 0.6 m.). at low water; the other wharves are bare before low water. Gasoline and provisions are obtainable. The cove has good holding ground and is used as an anchorage by local boats, but it is somewhat exposed in northeasterly weather. Ice seldom interferes with navigation. Mail comes by small boat from Swan Island, to which there is steamer communication.

The passage between Long and Swan Islands has deep water, but there are many unmarked ledges. The best channel leads between John Island and Beach Ledge bell buoy, thence between the westerly Sister Island and Ram Island. Any of the passages can be used by small craft with the aid of the chart. The islands are all wooded and have no prominent marks, except Ram Island, which is marked by a single tree. Sunken Money Ledge is bare at low water. Dry Money Ledge is a white rock islet about 10 feet (3.0 m.) high. Otter Island Ledge is awash at low water.

John Island is wooded and has many dead trees. John Island Dry Ledge is 14 mile in diameter and has rocks showing at high water. John Island Sunken Ledge has 6 feet (1.8 m.) over it and is marked on its south side by a red buoy.

Swan Island is the largest of the islands off Blue Hill Bay. There are three post villages on the island-Atlantic, Swan Island, and

Minturn. The people are mostly fishermen. The island has several sheltered coves, but all except Mackerel Cove and Burnt Coat Harbor are generally foul and little used.

Mackerel Cove and Atlantic are described with Blue Hill Bay on

page 110.

Burnt Coat Harbor.—This is a small, well-sheltered anchorage on the southwestern side of Swan Island; it is much used by local fishermen, but seldom by other vessels. The anchorage eastward of the lighthouse is about 500 yards wide, with depths of 312 to 6 fathoms (6.4 to 11.0 m.), soft bottom. There is also good anchorage for small craft in the channel northward of the lighthouse in 13 to 24 feet (4.0 to 7.3 m.).

Burnt Coat Harbor Lighthouse on the west side at the entrance is a white tower connected with dwelling. The light is fixed white, 75 feet (22.9 m.) above the water, and visible 12 miles. The fog signal is a bell, sounding 1 stroke every 15 seconds.

Swan Island is a village on the west side of Burnt Coat Harbor. It is connected with Rockland by steamer. The steamer wharf has a depth of 10 feet (3.0 m.) and the fish wharves less. Gasoline and provisions are obtainable.

Minturn is a quarry and small settlement on the east side of Burnt Coat Harbor. The wharf is said to have a depth of 6 feet (1.8 m.), and vessels load here to 14 feet (4.3 m.).

From the perpendicularly striped bell buoy off the entrance, a 42° true. (NE. by E. 3. E. mag:) course will lead through the entrance, passing midway between the lighthouse and the spindle opposite. Anchorage may be had eastward or northeastward from the lighthouse, or in the channel northward. To enter inside Baker and Harbor Islands.This

passage

is available for small craft entering from eastward. It is extensively used by local boats but narrow and difficult, and strangers are advised to use it only on a rising tide. In entering, pass between the northerly Baker Island and the south shore of Swan Island, favoring Baker Island slightly to avoid two reefs bare at low water on the north side. Then steer 292o true (NW. 12 W. mag.) for 12 mile, passing northward of a reef awash at low water on the south side and drawing in to 100 yards off the north shore abreast Stanley Point. Then haul northward through the passage eastward of Harbor Island, passing 50 yards southwestward of the southerly of two thickly wooded islets, and the same distance northeastward of a ledge, bare at half tide, opposite the islets. Then haul northwestward into the main channel.

Directions, Burnt Coat Harbor.—The main entrance to the harbor is from southwestward, between Harbor Island and the point northward, and is marked on the north side by a lighthouse (white tower connected with dwelling) and on the south side by a spindle marking a rock bare at low water.

Vessels entering from southward may make the perpendicularly striped whistling buoy 3 miles westward of Long Island, then steer 342o true (N. mag.) for 234 miles, passing 350 yards westward of Green Island, to the perpendicularly striped bell buoy off the entrance. From southeastward, they may pass 14 mile southward of Southwest Point of Long Island, steer 267o true (WNW. 58 W.

mag.) for 134 miles to a position 14 mile south-southwestward of a red buoy, then 304o true (NW.58 N. mag.) for 274 miles to a position 350 yards westward of Green Island, and then 342o true (N. mag.) to the bell buoy. From Jericho Bay, vessels may pass midway between the two buoys marking the passage between Hat Island and Marshall Island, and steer 108° true (SE. 34 E. mag.) to the bell buoy.

Islands southwestward of Swan Island.-Harbor Island is wooded except on the northwest side. Baker, Scrag, Heron, Ringtown, Hat, and Marshall Islands are wooded. Green, Gooseberry, and Brimstone Islands are bare and grassy. Gooseberry Island Ledge, southeastward of Gooseberry Island, is bare at low water only and is marked by a black buoy_ at the southeast end. Yellow Ledge, southeastward of Ringtown Island, has a rock bare at high water and a considerable area bare at low water. There are many other bare and submerged rocks, most of them unmarked. This area has not been close y examined and should be navigated with extreme caution.

BLUE HILL BAY

(charts 307 and 308) lies west of Mount Desert Island; it is about 14 miles long and contains several large and some small islands, between which are good channels with deep water. The dangers are comparatively few, and the most prominent are marked by buoys. There are numerous coves on both sides of the bay, and its head is divided into several large arms, the most important of which is Union River Bay.

Blue Hill Bay forms the approach to the villages of McKinley, South Blue Hill, Blue Hill, and Surry, and the city of Ellsworth. It is frequented by regular passenger steamers to Blue Hill, a few coasting vessels to Ellsworth, and many fishing vessels.

Supplies.-Gasoline and provisions are best obtainable at McKinley or Ellsworth, although they are kept at all of the villages. Coal can be obtained at Ellsworth and there is water on the wharves.

Repairs. There is a marine railway at Ellsworth, but it is suitable for launches and small sailing yachts only.

Pilots.- Local fishermen are the only pilots available around the entrance. Vessels seldom take pilots. Pilots for Union River can be obtained at the mill near the entrance or by telephoning to Ellsworth.

Tides.—The mean rise and fall of tides is about 10 feet (3.0 m.).

Communication.-Blue Hill is connected by steamer with Rockland. Ellsworth has railroad communication and is on the main highway. The other settlements are reached by small boat, or by road from Ellsworth or Bar Harbor.

Directions for Blue Hill Bay are given on page 114.

BLUE HILL BAY, EAST SIDE

Placentia, Little Gott, and Great Gott Islands are described on

page 105.

Bass Harbor Bar, connecting Great Gott Island with Mount Desert Island at Bass Harbor Head, has been improved by dredging a channel 14 feet (4.3 m.) deep and 250 feet wide across it. The

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channel lies 350 yards southward of Bass Harbor Head Lighthouse (white tower connected with dwelling) and is marked by a perpendicularly striped buoy, which may be left close to on either side. The channel is on the through route used by 'most vessels of 12 feet (3.7 m.) or less draft, and it is sometimes used by véssels of 18 feet (5.5 m.) draft at high water and with a smooth sea. In heavy weather breakers sometimes form entirely across it.

Bass Harbor, in the south end of Mount Desert Island, just westward of Bass Harbor Bar, is an important. fishing port, and is sometimes used as an anchorage by vessels bound through the inside pasage, but the outer harbor is exposed southward. The outer harbor is clear with the exception of Weaver Ledge, in the middle, bare about 2 feet (0.6 m.) at low water and marked by a black buoy on the southeast side and a red buoy on the northwest side. Vessels can enter on either side and anchor between Weaver Ledge and the entrance to the inner harbor, in 5 to 712 fathoms (9.1 to 13.7 m.), bottom soft in places.

The inner harbor is a crooked channel, 100 yards wide, with depths of 2 to 4 fathoms (3.7 to 7.3 m.), and forms a secure anchorage for small craft. The entrance is marked by two buoys on the western side. The channel inside is unmarked and there are shoals close to it on either side.

McKinley is a village on the east side of Bass Harbor. It has fish factories and is the headquarters of many fishing vessels. The principal wharves are on the east side at the head of the outer harbor, and have depths up to 16 feet (4.9 m.). There are landings for small craft, bare at low water, on the inner harbor. Gasoline and provisions are obtainable. A stack and water tank are prominent from southward.

Bernard is a village on the west side of the harbor.

Mitchell Cove and Duck Cove, northward of Bass Harbor, are shoal and foul and have no landings.

Goose Cove, on the eastern side of Blue Hill Bay, 2 miles northward of Bass Harbor, is frequented by fishing boats. A red buoy marks a shoal in mid-harbor. West Tremont is a village at the head of the cove

Goose Cove Rock and Rumell Hub are rocky islets with grass on top.

Seal Cove, 4 miles northward of Lopau Point, is a sheltered anchorage for small vessels except with westerly winds. A rock awash at high water lies 300 yards off the north side just inside the entrance, and a ledge partly showing at high water lies off the shoal bight on the south side. Entering midway between the rock and ledge, anchor near the middle of the cove, in 3 to 6 fathoms (5.5 to 11 m.). There are no wharves.

Moose Island, north of the entrance to Seal Cove, is covered with grass and bushes. The point eastward of the island has a few small huts. The bar connecting the island and the point is bare at low water.

Hardwood Island is wooded at the north end and grassy, with scattered trees, southward. There is a small wharf on the east side.

Sawyer Cove, on the eastern shore of Blue Hill Bay eastward from the north end of Hardwood Island, is an anchorage for small

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craft. On the northeast side at the entrance is a ledge awash at high water.

Pretty Marsh Harbor makes into the eastern shore of the bay northeastward from Hardwood Island. There is good anchorage for vessels 300 to 500 yards from the eastern shore eastward of Folly Island in 5 to 6 fathoms (9.1 to 11.0 m.). The northern and western sides of the cove inside West Point are shoal, and a shoal extends 350 yards southeastward from the point. Folly Island is grassy, with a few trees. A shoal extends 150 yards southeastward from Folly Island, and a ledge with 3 feet (0.9 m.) over it lies 200 to 300 yards eastward from the island; otherwise there are no dangers away from the shores.

John Island is a grassy islet, and there is a lower grassy islet 400 yards northward.

Bartlett Narrows leads between Mount Desert Island and Bartlett Island. The channel is narrow, but has deep water, with few dangers, and is not difficult. The mid-channel westward of Folly and John Islands is clear. If passing eastward of Folly Island give it a berth of about 14 mile, and give the south end of John Island a berth of over 100 yards. The eastern shore of the Narrows from West Point to its northern end is bold and should be favored. In the narrowest part keep the eastern shore aboard distant 100 yards to avoid a ledge which extends 200 yards southward from a group of bare rocks.

A ledge with 2 to 3 feet (0.6 to 0.9 m.) over it lies 400 to 600 yards from the eastern shore 38 mile northward of Bartlett Narrows. will be avoided by keeping westward of a line from the north end of the Narrows to the north end of Black Island.

Bartlett Island is generally wooded and has a few houses. There is a wharf on the east side, just northward of Birch Island Cove. There is a bare rocky islet close to the northeast end of the island.

Western Bay is northeastward of Bartlett Island, and is a part of the waters which separate Mount Desert Island from the mainland. Mount Desert Narrows, described on page 98, is at the head of Western Bay. Vessels of any size can select anchorage in the bay below Alley Island, in 10 to 12 fathoms (18.3 to 21.9 m.), but the broken ground with 512 to 6 fathoms (10.1 to 11 m.) extending 38 mile off the southeast side of Oak Point should be avoided. With the aid of the chart, good anchorage can also be selected in 31/2 to 6 fathoms (6.4 to 11 m.) southeastward and eastward of Alley Island. The range of the summit of Bartlett Island over the middle of Black Island (thickly wooded) clears the shoal which extends 14 mile southeastward from Alley Island.

Foul ground extends about 1/4 mile from the south shore between Green Island and Indian Point. Clark Cove, eastward of Indian Point, has an anchorage in 12 to 18 feet (3.7 to 5.5 m.), but a ledge with little water over it extends 1/4 mile from its southeast shore 1/4 mile eastward from Indian Point.

Goose Cove is a large shallow bight on the north side of Western Bay above Alley Island, and at its head is the village of West Trenton. The head of the cove is dry at low water for a distance of 1/2 mile, and thence it deepens gradually to 7 feet (2.1 m.) 12 mile farther down. There are no wharves.

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