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Author of “History—civil, political AND . Military—of the sourmers
REBELLion,” “History of AMERICAN conspiracies,” “LIFE of ABBAHAM
LINcoln,” “LIFE of GARIBALDI,” ETC., ETC.

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Entered, according to Act of Cougress, in the year 1866, by JAMEs D. oorrry, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern District of New York.

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INTRODUCTION.

When Cassius M. Clay offered his services to the Secretary of War, to raise a regiment of Kentucky volunteers, or to serve as a private in the ranks, the Secretary expressed his surprise, saying: “Sir, this is the first instance I ever heard of a foreign Minister [Clay had been nominated as U. S. Minister to Russia], volunteering for service in the ranks.” “Then let us make a little history!” exclaimed the gallant Kentuckian.

Clay only typified the spirit which prevailed in almost all conditions of life at the North when the tocsin was sounded in April, 1861. The world never before witnessed such an uprising. It was as if the whole current of thought and feeling had been changed in a day. Men met on the marts to forget all about stocks and market quotations, to prove the degree of their own loyalty to the Government. Congregations gathered in the Churches to forget creeds and theological differences in their absorbing devotion to the salvation of the Country. Women gathered to forget small-talk and social tribulations in the noble enthusiasm ever awakened in woman's bosom when great emergencies come. Schools were listless, and the eyes of both teachers and pupils turned longingly to the streets where the people were gathering. The solemn tread of regiments was answered by the acclamations of the gathered thousands who everywhere thronged the highways. Men met friends changed to soldiers, and with a benediction bade them adieu. Fathers, mothers and sisters sat down to the evening meal to find one chair vacant, and the prayer which went up from that family circle called down God's blessing on the absent one. It was, indeed, the season of sorrow, but it was also the carnival of patriotism. The world may never witness its like again. Let us pray that an overruling Providence may spare the country from another such visitation of treason, when citizens shall fly to arms to protect with their lives and fortunes their beloved country. So let us pray !

Now that the war is past and the great victory won, it is a fitting time to gather those incidents and anecdotes of the Great Struggle for Liberty which characterized not only every battle-field but the every-day life of almost every brave man who bore a part in the noble contest. The historian will tell the story of the war in its mightier aspects as affecting the life of the Nation in the progress of events, but he can not pause, in his solemn, earnest labor, to relato the story of the soldiers who fought the battles. That work must be reserved for the loving hands of those who have time and patience to gather the individual histories—for some one in each State who shall tell the every-day life of regiments, officers and men from that State. Only this elaborate treasure gath-
ering will suffice to preserve the five hundred thousand memories which should
not be suffered to pass away from want of permanent record.
While it shall be our pleasure to gather such incidents and anecdotes as have
been put asloat on the great sea of journalism, we have aimed to produce a
volume of permanent interest and value by presenting picturesque narratives of
the most memorable conflicts on land and water, which now stand out on the
page of history like landmarks to indicate the progress of Northern arms. These
battle pictures are faithfully rendered, yet they read more like the stories of a
romancer than the record of the annalist. The world never witnessed a war so
full of illustrious deeds, of patriotic ardor, of self-sacrifice, of devotion to duty
and principle; and this volume, it is safe to say, will contain more of what is
truly noble in manhood than could be gleaned from the twenty years of Napo-
leon's struggle against combined Europe.
Taken as a whole the volume forms a graphic running history of the War for
the Union. By reference to the Contents it will be perceived how nearly the
entire ground of the four years' struggle is covered—prefaced, as each battle
narrative is, by a sketch of events which culminated in the conflict described at
length. As such a history it is offered to those disinclined to consider the more
weighty and comprehensive work which it has been a four years of labor to
prepare. O. J. W.

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