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· INTRODUCTORY NOTE At the first American conference on social insurance, held under the auspices of the American Association for Labor Legislation in June, 1913, health insurance, or, as it was then called, "sickness insurance,” occupied a subordinate position in the proceedings. At the Association's seventh annual meeting, in December of the same year, an entire session was devoted to the subject. During the summer of 1914 the work of our Committee on Social Insurance had so far progressed that it was able to publish preliminary standards for health insurance which were reprinted in several scientific journals. So keen was the interest aroused that at the National Conference of Charities and Correction held at Baltimore in May, 1915, the subject was presented by spokesmen of the Association in a half-day session on social legislation. By November, 1915, the cooperation of a committee of the American Medical Association was offered for perfecting the medical features of the proposed measure. Meanwhile bills had been drafted for presentation in several state legislatures of 1916 and 13,000 copies were distributed in a special pamphlet.
It was to a discussion of these plans that the major portion of the opening session of our ninth annual meeting, at Washington, D. C., December 28 and 29, 1915, was given. The able addresses there delivered by medical men, economists and social workers are, in this opening issue of the sixth volume of our REVIEW, put before the wider audiences which they deserve. The measure so well outlined by Professor Seager and urged by Drs. Emerson,