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this City of New York (where its ideas and vital aims were more generally cherished than even in South Carolina or Louisiana), that I confidently hoped for an immediate and palpable, rather than a remote and circuitous triumph of the Union, now and evermore blended inseparably with Emancipation with the legal and National recognition of every man's right to himself. Thenceforward, with momentary intervals of anxiety, depression, and donbt, it has been to me a labor of love to devote every available hour to the history of the American Conflict.

This Volume is essentially Military, as the former was Civil : that is, it treats mainly of Armies, Marches, Battles, Sieges, and the alternations of good and ill fortune that, from January, 1862, to May, 1865, befell the contending forces respectively of the Union and the Confederacy. But he who reads with attention will discern that I have regarded even these under a moral rather than a purely material aspect. Others have doubtless surpassed me in the vividness, the graphic power, of their delineations of the noise of the captains, and the shouting:' I have sought more especially to portray the silent influence of these collisions, with the efforts, burdens, sacrifices, bereavements, they involved, in gradually molding and refining Public Opinion to accept, and ultimately demand, the overthrow and extinction of Human Slavery, as the one vital, implacable enemy of our Nationality and our Peace. Hence, while at least three-fourths of this Volume narrates Military or Naval occurrences, I presume a larger space of it than of any rival is devoted to tracing, with all practicable brevity, the succession of Political events; the sequences of legislation in Congress with regard to Slavery and the War; the varying phases of Public Sentiment; the rise, growth, and decline, of hopes that the War would be ended through the accession of its adversaries to power in the Union. I labor under a grave mistake if this be not judged by our grandchildren (should any of them condescend to read it) the most important and interesting feature of my work.

I have differed from most annalists, in preferring to follow a campaign or distinct military movement to its close before interrupting its narration to give accounts of simultaneous movements or campaigns in distant regions, between other armies, led by other commanders. In my historical reading, I have often been perplexed and confused by the facility wherewith chroniclers leap from the Euphrates to the Danube, and from the Ebro to the Vistula. In full view of the necessary inter-dependence of events occurring on widely separated arenas, it has seemed to me preferable to follow one movement to its culmination before dealing with another; deeming the inconveniences and obscurities involved in this method less serious than those unavoidable (by me, at least) on any different plan. Others will judge between my method and that which has usually been followed.

I have bestowed more attention on marches, and on the minor incidents of a campaign, than is common: historians usually devoting their time and force mainly to the portrayal of great, decisive (or at least destructive) battles. But battles are so often won or lost by sagaciously planned movements, skillful combinations, well-conducted marches, and wise dispositions, that I have extended to these a prominence which seemed to me more clearly justified than usually conceded. He was not an incapable general who observed that he chose to win battles with his soldiers' legs rather than their muskets.

As to dates, I could wish that commanders on all hands were more precise than they usually are; but, wherever dates were accessible, I have given them, even though invested with no special or obvious consequence. Printed mainly as foot-notes, they consume little space, and do not interrupt the flow of the narrative. The reader who does

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not value need not heed them; while the critical student will often find them of decided use. Should any one demur to this, I urge him to examine thoughtfully the dates of the dispatches received and sent by McClellan between his retreat to Harrison's bar and Pope's defeat at Groveton; also, those given in my account of his movements from the hour of his arrival at Frederick to that of Lee's retreat from Sharpsburg across the Potomac.

I trust it will be observed by candid critics that, while I seek not to disguise the fact that I honor and esteem some of our commanders as I do not others, I have been blind neither to the errors of the former nor to the just claims of the latter--that my high estimation of Grant and Sherman (for instance) has not led me to conceal or soften the lack of reasonable precautions which so nearly involved their country in deplorable if not irremediable disaster at Pittsburg Landing. So with Banks's mishap at Sabine Cross-roads and Butler's failure at Fort Fisher. On the other hand, I trust my lack of faith in such officers as Buell and Fitz John Porter has not led me to represent them as incapable or timorous soldiers. What I believe in regard to these and many more of their school is, that they were misplaced—that they halted between their love of country and their traditional devotion to Slavery—that they clung to the hope of a compromise which should preserve both Slavery and the Union, long after all reasonable ground of hope had vanished; fighting the Rebellion with gloved hands and relaxed sinews because they mistakenly held that so only was the result they sighed for (deeming it most beneficent) to be attained. If the facts do not justify my conviction, I trust they will be found so fairly presented in the following pages as to furnish the proper corrective for my errors.

Without having given much heed to rival issues, I presume this volume will be found to contain accounts (necessarily very brief) of many minor actions and skirmishes which have been passed unheeded by other historians, on the assumption that, as they did not perceptibly affect the great issue, they are unworthy of record. But the nature and extent of that influence is matter of opinion, while the qualities displayed in these collisions were frequently deserving of grateful remembrance. And, beside, an affair of outposts or foraging expeditions has often exerted a most signal influence over the spirits of two great antagonist armies, and thus over the issues of a battle, and even of a campaign. Compressed within the narrowest limits, I have chosen to glance at nearly every conflict of armed forces, and to give time to these which others have devoted to more elaborate and florid descriptions of great battles. It has been my aim to compress within the allotted space the greatest number of notable facts and circumstances; others must judge how fully this end has been achieved.

Doubtless, many errors of fact, and some of judgment, are embodied in the following pages: for, as yet, even the official reports, &c., which every historian of this war must desire to study, are but partially accessible. I have missed especially the Confederate reports of the later campaigns; only a few of which have been made public, though many more, it is probable, will in time be. Some of these may have been destroyed at the hasty evacuation of Richmond; but many must have been preserved, in manuscript if not in print, and will yet see the light. So far as they were attainable, I have used the reports of Confederate officers as freely as those of their antagonists, and have accorded them nearly if not quite equal credit. I judge that the habit of understating or concealing their losses was more prevalent with Confederate than with Union coinmanders; in over-estimating the numbers they resisted, I have not been able to perceive


any difference. It is simple truth to say that such over-estimates seem to have been quite common on both sides.

I shall be personally obliged to any one, no matter on what side he served, who will furnish me with trustworthy data for the correction of any misstatement embodied in this work. If such correction shall dictate a revision of any harsh judgment on friend or foe, it will be received and conformed to with profound gratitude. My convictions touching the origin, incitements, and character, of the War from which we have so happily emerged, are very positive, being the fruits of many years' almost exclusive devotion to National affairs; but my judgments as to occurrences and persons are held subject to modification upon further and clearer presentments of facts. It is my purpose to revise and correct the following pages from day to day as new light shall be afforded; and I ask those who may feel aggrieved by any statement I shall herein have given to the public, to favor me with the proofs of its inaccuracy. Unwilling to be drawn into controversy, I am most anxious to render exact justice to each and all.

The subject of Reconstruction (or Restoration) is not within the purview of this work, and I have taken pains to avoid it so far as possible. The time is not yet for treating it exhaustively, or even historically; its importance, as well as its immaturity, demand for its treatment thoughtful hesitation as well as fullness of knowledge. Should I be living when the work is at length complete, I may submit a survey of its nature, progress, and results: meantime, I will only avow my undoubting faith that the same Divine Benignity which has guided our country through perils more palpable if not more formidable, will pilot her safely, even though slowly, through those which now yawn before her, and bring her at last into the haven of perfect Peace, genuine Fraternity, and everlasting Union—a Peace grounded on reciprocal esteem; a Fraternity based on sincere, fervent love of our common country; and a Union cemented by hearty and general recognition of the truth, that the only abiding security for the cherished rights of any is to be found in a full and hearty recognition of Human Brotherhood as well as State sisterhood-in the establishment and assured maintenance of All Rights for All.

H. G. New York, July 21, 1866.




I. Texas and New Mexico in 1862...... 17

Twisga's Treas-Texas State Convention passes
Ordinance of Seression Surrender of the Reculars
-Their Loyalty and Sufferings-New Mexico re-
feals Act legalizing Slavery-Canby in cominando
Prepares to build New Mexico-Sibley Brigade-
Fori Craig-Sibley declines to attack-Battle of
Valverde-Herrian and Death of McRae--Fight
si Apache Pass-Rebels occupy Santa Fé-They

sband in New Mexico. II. Missouri and Arkansas in 1862...... 26

Price returns to Missouri-Guerrilla Operations-
Raits and Stein routed-Captire of Millind --- Price
retreals t Arkansas-Sigel's Retreat from Benton-
villo-Battle of Pea Riire--Rebels de lested --The .
War among the Indians --Fight at the Cache-
Guerrilla operations-Fight at Newtonia-Hind-
1087 driven into Arkansas - Cooper routed at

Maysville--Battle of Pra rie Grove.
III. Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama in

1862-Forts Henry and Donelson
-Pittsburg Landing.

Battle of Mill Spring-Capture of Fort Henry--
Naval Bombardment of Fort Doneleon--Gen. Pil.
bow's Sorte-Countercharge of Lew Wallace and
C.F. Smith-Eartje of Floyd and Pillow-Surren-
der by Buckner-Retreat of Sidney Juhnston from
the Cumberland across the Tennessee Nashville
recovered --Columbus, Ky.--New Madrid-leland
No. 10 - Fort Pillow – Memphis --- First Siege «f
Vicksburg-Grant moves up the Tennessee to Pitts-
burk Linding-Sidney Johnston advances from
Corinth, Miss-Arouils Grant's front vear Shiloh
ChurebShurman and McClernand driven-Grant
birde back-Buell and Lev Wallace arrive-The
Rebels driven-Halleck takes Corinth
Mitchel répesses Huntsville and most of North

IV. Burnside's Expedition to N. Carolina. 73

Roanoke Island carried ---Elizabeth city submits--
Di fatifs of Venter stormedt-Newter surren-
dered-Fort Macon reduced-Hight at South Milla
-For advances to Kinston - Fails to carry

V. Butler's Expedition to the Gulf-Cap-
ture of New Orleans.

Gen. R. F. Butler concentrates 15.000 men on Ship
Lad-Cape Farragut at the mouths of the Miss
Esippi -- A calls and passes Forts Jackson and St.
Philip Destroye the Rebel Flotilla--Pushes on to
New Taleans--

The Forta surrender to Capt. Porter
descobade of Mayor Jonroe New Orleans suc-
eamba - Butler coprinces the Rebels that he is
wanted there General Order No.-Execution
of Mumford-Farragut and Gen, Williams ascend
the River to Viksburg-Baffled there--Breckin-
rilge silarks Baton Rouge ---Williards killed --
Relele repulsed - Ram Arkansas destroyed-Weit-
se resures the Lafourche country-Flanders and
Hala chien to Congress-- Butler superseded by
Bankt-Butler's parting AddreJetDavis dis-

satisfied with his policy. VI. Virginia in 62—McClellan's Advance.107

Obstipate Delave--The Rontes to Richmond-Bat-
tle of Kernstown-Raid of the Irou-claut Merrimac
or Virginia in Hampton Ronds-McClellan on the
Peninsula-Siege of Yorktown-Battle of Williams-
burg--Fightat West Point-- Advance to the Chicka-
hotiny - Recovery of Norfolk -- Strength of our
Arunie. McClellan's Complaints - Fight at Mc-
D-**l - Jackson surprises Front Royal -- Banks
driven through Winchester to the Potimac-Jack-
89n retreats-Fremont strikes Ewell at Cross-Keye
- Jackson etines the South Fork at Port Repub-
B, and beats Tyler - Heth routed by Crook at

VII. McClellan before Richmond...... .140

Hitz John Porter worsta Branch at Mechanicsville
--Clellan partially across the Chickahominy-
Battle of Fair Oaks op Seven Pines -- Meciellan
to noroel, bat still grumbles and hesitates-Stone-
wall Jackson joins Lee - A. P. Hill attacks our
right at Mechanicsville-Battle of Gaines's Mill-
Fits John Porter worsted McClellan retreats to
thie Janses -- Fight at Glendale, or White Oak

Swamp Bridge-Rebels attack, and are repelled
with loss at Malvern Hill- MrClellan retreats to
Harrison's Bar - Hiker returns to Malvern --
MeClellan withdraws to Fortres Monroe, and em-

barks bis Army for Alexandria. VIII. Gen. Pope's Virginia Campaign......172

Pope appointed to command the forces of Fremont,
Banks and McDowell - Advances to the Rapidan-
Banks worsted by Jackson at Cedar Mountain--
Pope retreats across the Rappahandock-Jackson
flanks his right-Strikes the Railroad in his rear
at Bristow -Seizes Manassus Junction -Compelled
to retreat--Langatreet hurrying to his rescue -
Jackson worsts King-Two Day' Battle of Gaines.
ville and Groveton, or Second Bull Run
driven back ou Centerville - Jackson tistiks his
righi, and attacks Kearny at Chantilly-Pope re-
trests to the defenses of Wnshinston, and give
place to McCleliau --His Losse-- McClellan's fail-
ure to support Pope - Ilis Correspondence with

Lincoln, Halleck & Co.
IX. Lee's Invasion of Maryland in 1862..193

McClellan crosses the Potomac, and advances to
Frederick - Address to Maryland-M-Clellan fol.
lows to Frederick--Les plans discovered --He is
intent on the capture of Harper's Ferry McClellan
fights and beats his rear-guard at Turner's Giap-
Franklin drives Howell Cobb out of Crampton's
Gap--Miles surrenders Harper's Ferry, with 12.000
men, to Stonewall Jackson - M Clellan follows
Le to the Antietam-- Battle of Antictam or Sharps-
burg-Lasses-Lee retreats across the Potomne-
Porter follows - McClellan hesitates to pursue
J. E B, Stuart raids around his Army-McClellan
moves down to the Rappahannock - Is relieved by

X. Tennessee-Kentucky-Mississippi-

Bragg's Invasion-Corinth.......212
Bragy crosses the Tennessee and Cumberland
Kirby Sinith roul. M. D. Manson and Nelson at
Richmondi, Ky. - Brang captures 4,000 men at
Munfordsville-Alsances to Frankfort, and inau-
gurates Richard Hawes as Governor of Kentucky-
Buell follow him from the Tennessee to Bardstown
and Springfield -- Battle of Perryville-Brays re-
treats out of Kentucky by Cumberland Gap-Rose-
crans fights Price at luka-Price retreats to Ripley,
Mise.Van Dorn assails Rovecrans itt Corinth-Is
beaten off with great slaughter-Van Dorn pursued

to Ripley-Losses XI. Slavery in the War—Emancipation ... 232

Patrick Henry on Federal Power over Slavery-
Edmund Randolph-John Quincy Adams-Joshua
R. Giddings - Mr. Lincoln - Gov. Seward - Gen.
Butler-bien. Fremont--Gen. T. W. Sherman-Gen.
Wool-Gen. Dix--Gen. Halleck-Gen, Cameron-
His Report revised by President Lincoln-Seward
to McClellan--tien. Burnside-Gen Buell ---Gen.
Hooker-Gen, Sickles-Gen, M Cook--Gen. Double-
day-Gen. Williams--Col. Anthony-lien. Hunter
-Overruled by the President-Gen. McClellan on
the Negro-Horace Greeley to Lincoln-- The Re-
sponse-Do. to the Chicago Clergymen-Lincoln's
First Proclamation of Freedom-The Elections of
1862-Second Proclamation of Freedom-Edward

Everett on its Validity.
XII. Slavery and Emancipation in Congress. 256

E. R. Potter on Emancipation by War-Lincoln
for colonizing the Blacks---Congress forbids Vill-
tary Officers returning Fugitives from Slavery-
Abolishes Slavery in the District of Columbia-
Lincoln proposes, and Congress enacts, Compen-
sated Emancipation-Prohibita Slavery in the Ter-
ritories -Confinates the Slaves of Rebels-Opens
Diplomatic Intercourse with Liberia and Hayti-
Requires Equality in Education and Punishinent
between Whites and Black --Right of Search on
the African Couet conceded-Fugitive Slave Act
repealed-Confinement of suspectel Slaves in Fed-
eral Jails forbidden-Coastwise Slave Trade for

bidden-Color no linpediment to giving Testimony. XIII. Rosecrans's Winter Campaign, 1862–3.270

The Army of the Ohio at Bowling Green-Reorgan-
ized by Roserrans-Morgan's Raids-Surprise of
Moore at Hartsville-Our Advance from Nash-
ville-Battle of Stone River, henr Murfreesboro'-
Bragg retreats--Cavalry Raids on our rear-Innes's
Defense of Lavergue - Losses --Forrest routed by

Sullivan at Parker's Cross Roads-Morgan cap-
tures Elizabethtown-Gen. H. Carter's Raid into
East Tennessee-Wheeler raids down the Tennes-
see to Fort Donelson --Beaten off by Col. Harding
-Van Dorn captures 1,500 Unionists at Spring Hill
-Col. A. S. Hall defeats Morgan at Vaught'. Hill
-Gordon Granger re Van Dorn at Franklin
-COL. A. D. Streight raids into Northern Georgia

- Is overpowered and captured near Rome.
XIV. Siege and Capture of Vicksburg ... .286

Position and Importance of Vicksburg - Grant
moves against it from Lagrange-Advances to Ox-
ford, Miss.-Van Dorn captures Holly Springs-
Murphy's Cowardice-Grant compelled to fall
back-Hovey and Washburn on the Coldwater-
Gen. Wm. T. Sherman embarks 30,000 men at
Memphis-- Debarks on the Yazoo, north of Mem
phis-Com. Porter's Gunboats--Sherman storms
the Yazoo Bluffs--Repuleed at all points with
heavy loa --Attempts to flank by Drumgould's
Bluff-Is baffled-Superseded by Gen. McClernand
--Who invests and captures the Post of Arkansas-
Gen, Grant assumes command-Debarku--Digging
the Canal--Proves an Abortion-Yazoo Pass Ex-
pedition--Stopped at Greenwood-Compelled to
return-Grant tries the Sunflower route Battled
again-The Queen of the West raids up Red River
-Disabled and abandoned-The Indianola cap-
tured by the Webb and Queen of the West-The
Indianola blown up in a panic-The Webb flees up
Red River --Grant moves down the Mississippi--
Com, Porter runs the Vicksburg BatteriesGrier.
son's Raid to Baton Rouge-Porter attacks the Bat-
teries at Grand Gulf-Grant crosses at Bruinsburg
-Sherman feints on Haines's Blutf-Crosses the
Mississippi at Hankinson's Ferry--Fight at Port
Gibson --Fight at Raymond-Fight at and capture
of Jackson - Battle of Champion Hills-Fight at
the Big Black --Haines's Blut abandoned-Vicks-
burg invested-General Assault repulsed-The
Siege vigorously pressed-Pemberton calls a pur-
ler-Surrenders-Grant drives Jo. Johnston from
Jackson-Fight at Milliken's Bend-Holmes as-

sails Helena, and is rouled.
XV. Texas and Louisiana in 1863—Cap-

ture of Port Hudson... ..322
Galveston - Retaken by Com. Renshaw -Sur-
prised by Magruder, and carried-Our Fleet dis-
abled and beaten-Disaster at Sabine Paas-The
Alabama captures the Hatteras --Gen. Banks in
command at New Orleans--Clearing the Atchala-
laya-Fight at Carney's Bridge-Farragut passes
the Batteries at Port Hudson-Banks returns to
Berwick's Bay-Advances to Opelouses and Alex-
andria, La.-Moves thence to Bayou Sara, and
crosses the Mississippi -Invests Port Hudson-
Combined Attack on its Delenses-Repulsed with
a loss of 2,000-Bankpresser the Siege-Second
Attack-The Retrel supplies exhausteil-Gardner
surrenders--Dick Taylor surprises Brashear City
-Fighting at Donaldsonville Franklin attacks
Sabine Pass, and is beaten off-Dana surprised at
Morganzia-Burbridge surprised near Opelousas
-Gen, Bank, embarks for the Rio Grande-De-
barks at Bruzos Santiago, and takes Brownsville
-Capture of Arandas Pass and Pass Cavallo--Fort
Esperanza abandoned-Indianola in our hands-

banks returns to New Orleans
XVI. Army of the Potomac under Burn-

side and Hooker-Fredericksburg
-Chancellorsville ...

Gen. Burnside in command in Virginia-Crosses
the Rappaban nock-Attacks Lee's Army, strongly
posted on the Southern Heights-Is repulsed with
heavy loss-Recrosses the River- A fresh Ad-
vance arrested by the President-The Mud March
-Rebel Raids in Virginia-Burnside gives place
to Hooker -- Stoneman's Raid on Lee's rear-
Hooker crosses the Rappabanneck, and advancea
to Chancellorsville -His right wing turned and
shattered by Jackson – Pleasanton checks the
Enemy--Jackson mortally wounded --Desperate
fighting arund Chancellorsville-Hooker stunned
-Dur Army recoils-Sedgwick storina Marye's
Heights--Strikes Lee's Rear--la driven across the
River-Hooker rēcrosse also-Stoneman's Raid a
Failire-Longstreet assails Peck at Sutfolk--Is

beaten off with loss.
XVII. Lee's Army on Free Soil-Gettys-

Lee silently flanke Hooker's right, and moves
northward-Cavalry Fight near Fairfax-Milror,
at Winchester, surprised and driven over the
Potomac, with heavy loss-Cavalry encounters
along the Blue Ridge Jenkins raids to Cham-
bersburg-Lee crosses the Potomac-Hooker and
Halleck at odds -- Hooker relieved - Meade in
command - Ewell at York - Collision of van-
guards at Gettysburg-Reynolds killed-Union-
ists outnumbered and driven-Howard halts on

netery Hill-Sickles comes up-Hancock takea
cominand-Meade arrives-Both Armies concen-

trated-Sickles driven back with lose-Rebel Ad-
vance checked-Night falls--Rebel Grand Charge
led by Pickett-Terribly repulsed--Lee retreats-
Heavy losses--Feeble pursuit by Sedgwick--Lee
halts at Williamsport- Mende hesitates-- Lee gets
across the Potomac-Kilpatrick routs the Rebel
rear-guard-Meade crosses at Berlin, and moves
down to the Rappa hannok--Fight at Manassas
Gap-Dix's Advance on Richmond-Pleasanton
crosses the Rapidan-Lee flank: Meade, w bo re-
treats to Centerville-Warren worsts A. P. Hill
--Le retires across the Rappahannock-Imboden
surprises Charlestown-Gen. D. A, Russell storma
Rappahannock Station, capturing 1.500 prisoners
- Veade crosses the Rapidan -- Aflair of Mine
Run-Toland's raid to Wytheville-Averill's to

Lewisburg-Fight at Droop Mountain,
XVIII. The Chattanooga Campaign ........404

Morgan's Raid through Kentucky into Indiana
and Ohie-He is surrounded, routrd, and captured
- His Imprisonment and Escape-Rosecrang ad-
vances from Murfreesbriro' by Shelbyville and
Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at Bridgeport -
Bragg flanked out of Chattanooga - Rozecrans
eagerly pursues--Bragg concentrates at Lafayette,
and turns upon his pursuery--Rosecrans concen-
trates on the Chickamauga-Desperate battle there
-Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to Chattanooga-
Loses-Rosecrans superseded-Pegram's raid in.
to Kentucky-Saunders'a into East Tennessee
Burnside crosses the Cumberland Mountains
Knoxville liberated --- Burnside retakes Cumber.
land Gap, with 2,000 prisoners-Longstreet impel
led by Brugg against him-Wolford struck at Phil.
adelphis, Tenn.--Fight at Campbell's Station-
Burnside withdraws into Knoxville Longstreet
besieges and assault -- Is repulsed with loss -
Raises the Siege and retreats-Urant relieves Rose-
cran.--Hooker and Slocum hurried to the Tennes.
see-Wheeler's and Roddy's ruids---Grant reaches
Chattanooga - Hooker crosses the Tennessee
Fight at Wauhatchie - Sherman arrives from
Vicksburg-Grant impels attacks on Bragg by
Granger, Hooker, and Sherman--Hooker carries
Look-ut Mountain-Bragg, on Mission Ridge, at-
tacked from all sides and routed --His Bulletin-
Hooker puranes to Ringgold-Cleburne checka him
in a gap in White Oak Ridge-Sherman and Gran-
ger dispatched to knoxville-Losses at Mission

XIX. The War in Missouri and Arkansas,
in 1863......

Marmaduke attacks Springfield, Mo.- Is repulsed
- Again at Hartsville Waring routshin at Hates.
ville, Ark.-The Sam Gaty captured-Fayetteville
attacked by Cabell - Marinaduke assaile Cape
Girardeau - McNeil repels him --- Coffey assails
Fort Blunt-Standwatie repulsed at Cabin Creek
--Coffey repulsed by Catherwood, at Pineville,
Mo. - Quantrell's Arson and Butchery at Law
rence, Kansas—Gen. Steele moves on Little Rock
-Fight at Bayou Metea-Davidson defeats Mare
maduke at Bayou Fourche-l'rice abandons Little
Rock to Steele-Blunt's Escort destroyed by Quan.
trell-Col. Clayton defeats Marmaduke 'st Pine
Bluff-Gen. E. B. Brown defeats Cabell and Coffey
at Arrow Rock-McNeil chases them to Clarks.
ville-Stand watie and Quantrell repulsed by Col.
Phillips at Fort Gibson-Sioux Butcheries in Min-
nesota-Gen. Sibley routs Little Crow At Wood
Lake-500 Indians captured and tried for murder
--Gen. Pope in command-Sibley and Sully pur-
sue and drive the Savages-Gen. Conder in Utah
-- Defeats Shoshonces on Bear River - Enemies

XX. The Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida

in 1862—3—Siege of Charleston. .455
Siege and Capture of Fort Pulaski by Gillmore
Sinking of Stone Fleet in Charleston Harbor
Com. Dupont sweepe down the Coast to St. Au-
gustine-Union Movement at Jacksuinville-Pen-
sacola and Jacksonville abandoned Edisto Island
relinquished-Gen. Hunter attacks Secessionville,
and is repulsed-Gen. Brannan threatens the Sa.
vannah Railroad - Fight at Coosaw hutchie De-
struction of the Nashville - Dupont reported at
Fort McAllister-The Isaac Smith lost near Lee
garèville--Iron-clad Raid from Charleston-The
Mercedita and Keystone State disabled - Beau-
regard and Ingraham proclaim the Blockade of
Charleston raised-Dupont with his Iron-clads at-
tacks Fort Sumter, and is repulsed ---Col. Montgom-
ery's Raid up the Combshee-The Atlanta comes
out from Savannah - Capt. Rogers, in the Wee-
hawken, disables and captures her-Gen. Gillmore
seizes ball of Morris Island-Gen. Strong assaults
Fort Wagner, and is bloodily repulsed-Gillmore
opens Trencher - The 'Swamp Angel' talks to
Charleston --The Rebels driven out of Fort Wagner
-Com. Stephens assaults Fort Sumter--Charles-
ton bombarded from Wagner-Foundering of the
Weehawken-D. H. Hill repelled at Newber-
Attacks Washington, N. c.- Is driven off by
Foster-Fight at Gum Swamp.

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