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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1860, by

MOORE, WILSTACH, KEYS & CO., In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

District of Ohio.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1864, by

MOORE, WILSTACI & BALDWIN, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

District of Ohio.

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1865, by

MOORE, WILSTACH & BALDWIN, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

: District of Ohio.

:

Lobba

PREFACE.

The first part of the sketch of Mr. Lincoln's life herewith presented to the public, was mainly prepared for the press in June, 1860—only slight modifications having been made, and brief additions, so as to embrace the period terminating with his inauguration. This portion of the work embodies a condensed view of Mr. Lincoln's speeches, which can not fail to interest the attentive student, who seeks for information concerning his early political life. The second part, after a summary of National events immediately preceding March 4, 1861, gives a condensed history of Mr. Lincoln's Administration, including a narrative of military operations, down to the present time. The most important public papers, addresses and occasional letters of the President, will also be found in the following pages.

It has been the fortune of Mr. Lincoln to be called to the Chief Magistracy, at an epoch when a long-maturing conspiracy for the dismemberment of the Union has culminated in a war of unprecedented magnitude. The President, tried as none of his predecessors ever were, has so wisely exercised his power as to command the hearty support of all loyal men at home, and the admiration of enlightened thinkers, unperverted by anti-democratic prejudice in Europe. It was a late member of the British Parliament who pointed out single passages from an address of Mr. Lincoln, as worth “all that Burke ever wrote.” His able statesmanship has justified the confidence of the people, while his sterling qualities of heart, his humane sympathies, his purity of life, and his power of winning the love and trust of his countrymen, have contributed to deepen the earnestness of the popu. lar wish for his continuance, during another term, in the high office he providentially fills.

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It is hardly to be hoped that the present attempt to treat so wide a subject, within so small a compass, will satisfy all readers. Many minor details, of special interest to individuals, have necessarily been omitted. Some accounts of military and naval undertakings, which might, of themselves, have filled an entire volume, have been given with perhaps a disappointing brevity. It must suffice to say, here, that no pains have been spared--as no requisite facilities for obtaining correct data have been lacking-to make the work not only trustworthy and complete in regard to matters of salient interest, but also as acceptable as possible to all classes of loyal readers. WASHINGTON, D. C., May 14, 1864.

J. H. B.

The Third Part of this work comprises the events of the last year of Mr. Lincoln's life, with his public papers and addresses of the same period, as well as many letters and speeches of an earlier date, not given in the previous parts. The summary of the closing campaigns of the war has been prepared with care, as well as the political history of the time. No year of the nation's existence has been more memorable than that commencing on the 1st of May, 1864. Before its close, a gigantic rebellion was finally crushed, and our great and good President, after witnessing the triumph of his labors, fell a martyr to the cause he had so firmly upheld through the darkest hours. Would that the work were more worthy the theme. No name will be more sacred in our country's annals, or more perpetual in the memory of the world, than that of ABRAHAM LINCOLN, WASHINGTON, D. C., July 20, 1865.

J. H. B.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War--The Invasion of 1831-The Rock-river

Country Threatened-Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk Treaty of 1804_Bad Faith of the Indians-Invasion of 1832-Volun-

teers Called For-Abrabam Lincoln one of a Company from Menard County

He is chosen Captain-Rendezvous at Beardstown--Hard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battle Avoided by

the Enemy-Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded-Captain Lin.

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service-Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Levies-Encounter at Kellogg's Grove Black Hawk at Four

Lakes_He Retreats--Battle on the Wisconsin--Hastens Forward to the Mig-

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note.........

OHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life-His Political Opinions-Clay and Jackson

Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for Representative-Election in 1834-Illinois Strongly

Democratic-Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor-Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve

ments-Whig Measures Democratically Botched-First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas_The Latter Seeks an Office of the Legislature, and Gets it-Mr.

Lincoln Re-elected in 1836-Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House-Distin-

gnished Associates-Internal Improvements Again--Mr.Lincoln's Views on

Slavery- The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis Revulsion

of 1837-M. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term-John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory--Lincoln the Whig Leader, and Candidate for Speaker-Close Votom

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OHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congresg-Its Political Character-The Democracy in a Minority

in the House--Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Members in

both Houses-Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincolp's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-The Mexi-

can War-Mr. Lincoln's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln-Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War-Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve-

ments-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power ; National Issues; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso; Platforms; Democratic Sympathy for Clay; Military Heroes and

Exploits ; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions-Close of the Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election-Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia-The Public Lands-Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman-He

Retires to Private life.......................................................................................

CHAPTE В Іх.

Mr. Lincoln in Retirement for Five Years—Gen. Taylor's Administration-Tho

Slavery Agitation of 1850.-The Compromise of Clay and Fillmore-The “ Final

Settlement of 1852-How, and by Whom it was Disturbed-Violation of the

Most Positive Pledges—The Kansas-Nebraska Bill--Douglas, the Agitator

Popular Indigpation and Excitement-Mr. Lincoln Takes part in the Canvass

of 1854-Great Political Changes—The Anti-Nebraska Organization--Springfield

Resolutions of 1854Results of the Election A Majority of Congressmen and

of the Legislature Anti-Nebraska-Election of United States Senator to Suc.

ceed Gen. Shields-Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Trumbull-A Magnanimous Sacrifice

Mr. Trumbull Elected..........

CHAPTER X.

The Republican Party Organized_Their Platform Adopted at Bloomington-Tho

Canvass of 1856-Mr. Lincoln Sustaing Fremont and Dayton--His Active Labors
on the Stump-Col. Bissell Elected Governor of Illinois-Mr. Buchanan Inau-
gurated-His Kansas Policy-Mr. Douglas Committed to it in June, 1857-John
Calhoun his Special Friend--The Springfield Speech of Douglas Mr. Lincoln's

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