Imágenes de páginas

at the same time with Judge Carmichael, and is said to be now in Fort Delaware.

Mr. Powell was greeted on his return home by a rush of the citizens of Easton to meet and welcome him; and after discharging his official duties for the two successive terms of the court, was again, by an unanimous vote of the convention, nominated for the position of State Attorney.

On the same day he was re-arrested, together with some twenty other gentlemen composing the Democratic ticket, just nominated, and some prominent members of the nominating convention, and informed that, by order of the military authority then in power under the Provost Marshal, no Democratic ticket would be allowed to be presented for the suffrages of the people of that county. A new Clerk was elected to the place, because no one was allowed to oppose him, but only by about one-fifth of the vote of the county. He died soon after, and the vacancy was filled by appointment of the quasi Judge of the hour. The term of office of the late incumbent expired on the 1st of January, 1868, and Mr. Powell was re-elected to the place from which he had been twice ejected by military force. He now holds his position, sanctioned by the sentiments of the people; and will be re spected and honored long after the mantle of oblivion shall have fallen on the names of his persecutors.


AMES CORBAN NAYLOR was born April 22, 1842,

in Wirt County, Virginia. His father's name was James
Naylor, son of William Naylor, one of the first settlers of
Virginia. He was a wheelwright by trade, a pioneer most of
his life, and a Methodist minister for about sixty years.
He died February 9, 1862, nearly ninety-one years of age.
James C. Naylor was born when his father was seventy years
old. His mother, Adaline Naylor, was the daughter of
Esquire David P. Morgan, of Virginia, descended from the
family of David Morgan, the “Indian fighter.”

Mr. Naylor received a common school education only, and this mostly from his father. He was reared on a farm, but his father being in easy circumstances, his youth was spent in reading, the study of nature, and writing poetry, of which last he was especially fond. Most of his effusions were written for self-amusement, but many of them have found way into the public prints.

In 1860, at the age of eighteen, he made a vigorous canvass for Douglas in Clark County, Iowa, to which his father had removed in 1856. He was always immovably fixed in his political principles, and unmistakably plain in his method of defending them. Abolitionism (or destructionism, as he called it) never received a smile from him, and he lost no opportunity to denounce it in the roundest terms. While this endeared him to his political friends, it raised a storm of opposition on the part of his enemies, which came near ending in the destruction of his life. Upon the election of Mr. Lincoln, he prophesied war, but declared himself opposed to both secession and disunion, and in favor of comproinise. When secession became a fact, he still cherished a hope of

[ocr errors]


an amical.c adjustment, and declared, with General Scott and Beecher, that “secession would be but the duet iu tha balance compared with war."

On the 27th day of August, 1862, in the twentieth year of his age, he was arrested by an armed mob, calling themselves soldiers, on a charge (as they verbally stated) of discouraging enlistments, and treasonable utterances against the President. On the same day he was taken to Osceola, under promise of trial, in company with Judge John Beal, a man sixty years of age, and at that time an invalid. This man had been brutally driven from his house at the point of the bayonet, without the opportunity of bidding farewell to his weeping family. On the next day, J. U. Lafollett, of the same neigbborhood, was arrested and taken to Osceola on the same charge. Here they remained for three days, when they were removed to Des Moines, where they were incarcerated for two weeks, by order of the United States Marshal, Hoxie. All inquiries as to the cause of arrest, or the time of trial, were answered by brutish indignities.

Their fare consisted of indifferent victua.s, in quantity scarcely sufficient to sustain life. They had no bedding, except a buffalo robe, which was filled with vermin. Here they were cut off from all communication with the outside world, except such as was approved by their custodian, a man named Alexander Bowers.

After two weeks' confinement at Des Moines, the prisoners were removed at night (increased in number by the addition of C. C. Mann, who was arrested on a similar charge, and all ironed like murderers!) to Newton Jail, in Jasper County where they were well treated for one week.

Thence they were removed, in irons, in company with seven others from Madison County, arrested on similar charges, to Davenport, on the Mississippi, and from that place to Camp McClellan, near by. Here they all remained until the 9th of December, 1862, except Judge Beal, who was released on the 1st.

Their treatment here, though now proven to be not past

[ocr errors]

endurance, is past description. Arrested in summer clothes, they remained until the 16th of October in an open shanty, which had been occupied by soldiers during the warm season, still later used as a cavalry stable, and was now considered a suitable place of confinement for prisoners of state, whose only violation of law was that they had advocated obedience to law, at all times, by all men.

The north and south entrances of this frigid abode were always open, and the sides were full of cracks, large enough to admit the passage of a man's hand. No fire whatever was allowed, and the only sleeping accommodations were loose boards to lie upon, and one blanket to each prisoner for a covering.

The victuals were in keeping with other things. The prisoners were compelled to march out, and eat at a table in the open air, regardless of rain or snow.

When Mr. Naylor appealed to the authorities for better treatment, he was informed that “such treatment is good enough for rebels.” To this he replied, “Your hearts are colder than the weather, but not so open as our house. But mark you! you will get fire in the next world for refusing it to us in this."

On the 16th of October, the quarters were changed. But such a change! They were told they should have fire. This news itself warmed them. But if the fire had been mixed with brimstone, the disappointment would not have been greater. They were removed to a shanty which had been nsed as a chapel ; but, as the camp increased, it had beeu converted into a sink, without any change in its oondition, except such as was made with a spade. They were taken into this place, where there was a fire, which rendered their condition much worse. The prisoners hastened to the cracks, (which were, fortunately, numerous,) tore open a window, which had been boarded up, and gladly allowed the fire to go out, in order to get rid of the horrible stench. Here they were allowed straw beds, but no more covering. After some time, almost an eternity of distress, they obtained means of renovating the floor. But chill December winds would not be tempered by a small stove in such a tenement.

They appealed for means to stop the crevices. This request was granted them the day before their release.

On the 9th of December they were set free in the strects of Davenport, on parole, without trial or explanation, ragged, dirty, sick, and half starved, nearly three hundred miles from home, and without money. By the kindness of Alfred Eid wards, Esq., they were enabled to reach home alive. On Mr Naylor's return to Osceola, he was met and welcomed by an immense concourse of enthusiastic friends, who had convened for that purpose.

But Mr. Naylor's persecutions and sufferings did not end here. In September, 1864, when he was at home, two vagabonds, disgracing the name of soldiers, who were home on furlough, robbed the neighboring house of Rev. Thomas Gobel, and so threatened the old man's life that he deemed it unsafe to remain, and accepted the protection of his neighbors until he could make necessary preparations to leave.

Mr. Nay: lor and eight others, viz., Oliver Morgan, William Evans, O. P. Gideon, H. B. Stover, Garot Shippy, John Shippy, Graig and John Conner, repaired to the house in the evening to afford the necessary protection. Next morning at daylight they found themselves surrounded by a numerous armed inob. Immediate preparations were made for defence. By 12 o'clock M., the mob had increased to about three hundred. But the besieged kept them at bay, defying an attack. Finally it was agreed that the besieged should go quietly before a Justice of the Peace without arms, and allow information to be filed and have a legal trial. But as soon as they bad vacated the house and left their arms, they were basely seized as prisoners of war and brutally treated.

It should have been stated, that Conner left the house as soon as the mob appeared, was followed to his own house by a part of the mob, and in company with another man brutally murdered that night. The prisoners were taken to Osceola and kept there through the night.


« AnteriorContinuar »