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friends, took the oath. Judge Sherman drew the oath mild, merely requiring them to support the Constitution and laws, together with the orders of the President in pursuance therewith. After spending in confinement twenty-five“ watchful,
. weary, tedious nights,” they again found themselves enjoying that freedom of which they had been so unjustly deprived.
The following day, on arriving at the Canton depot, Messrs. McGregor and Reitzell were met by a large concourse of earnest friends, with a band of music, and accompanied to the public square amid the joyful, ringing cheers of the crowd. The ladies who waved their handkerchiefs were not the same who had given such demonstrations of joy when they were arrested and as prisoners were being dragged ruthlessly from their homes, a few weeks previous. Friends accompanied them to their respective homes, and, at Mr. McGregor's resi. dence, that gentleman, in a few appropriate remarks, thanked them cordially for the noble demonstration, and said that he would remember and cherish it as the proudest moment of his life. He had done nothing he regretted — nothing that he or his family might blush for ; that he had stood up for liberty, and that he should still continue to advocate truth, justice, and constitutional liberty. He immediately relieved Mrs. McGregor from the editorial charge of his paper; and nis friends, and enemies too, have since continued to hear from him through the columns of a free and untrammelleri press.
OSEPH KUGLER was born in Hunterdon County, New
Jersey, in 1805, and spent the most of his life there. He was a farmer by occupation, and had, through industry and economy, accumulated considerable property. He was a devoted Christian, and had for several years prior to his death bren an elder in the Presbyterian Church. He never sought political preferment. His generosity and charity, together with the kindness and meekness of his disposition, endeared bim to all who knew him.
At the breaking out of hostilities in 1861, he was watched, and often drawn into conversation by his political opponents, who, knowing him to be a firm and devoted Democrat, hoped that he might utter some sentiment which would enable them to procure his arrest and incarceration. .
On the 16th of August, 1862,' he was arrested at his house at Frenchtown, N. J., by Deputy Marshal Abraham Harris, assisted by a man, named Dean, from Trenton. Hie was lodged in the jail at Mount Holly, Burlington County, where he remained for six days, when, by the order of Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, he was transferred to the Old Capitol Prison, Washington, D. C.
His arrest was made on the affidavit of S. B. Hudnut, and others, who certified that on the 8th of August, 1862, he had said: “Lincoln had no right to call out seventy-five thousand troops, without first convening Congress; and that if the South had her just dues there would never have been a rebellion; and that his conversation generally had a tendency to discourage enlistments.” On ascertaining the cause of his arrest, his son obtained several affidavits from men of both parties, denying the above-stated assertions of HIudnut and others. These he placed in the hands of Judge Advocate Turner at Washington.
Through the influence of ex-Governor Vroom, of Trenton, Colonel Murphy, of the 10th New Jersey Volunteers, and others, Mr. Kugler was released from confinement, after a detention of eight days, without being required to take the oath of allegiance.
He returned home, where he peacefully resided until early in 1864, when he was stricken down by sickness, and died 'ike a Christian, with his “converse with heaven alone.”
HON. WILLIAM HEWIT CARLIN.
“Whoso rewardeth evil for giol, evil shall not depart from his house."
the late Governor Carlin, of Illinois. His father was a Kentuckian, his mother a Georgian. Mr. Carlin was born April 20, 1816, in Madison County, Illinois, and spent his life on the banks of the Vississippi River.
He was educated in Jacksonville, Illinois, and was a good scholar, of a highly cultivated taste. He commenced the practice of law under the lion. J. N. Morris, formerly a distinguished Democratic member of Congress, of Illinois, and a particular friend of the late Hon. Stephen A. Douglas.
He was elected to the Senate of the State of Illinois, and served the people with ability for five years. He was postmaster at Quincy, under President Buchanan; and had been Clerk of the Circuit Court of Greene County, Illinois. Such were the ancestry and public career of Mr. Carlin in the respective communities where he was born, raised, educated, and honored by the people.
Mr. Carlin was intimately acquainted with Abraham Lincoln; had always treated him with the greatest kindness, and was his friend, when Lincoln needed friends. Between himself and Lincoln there was great disparity in every respect. In ancestry, Carlin was the son of the Governor of the State; Lincoln was of obscure origin. Carlin was a scholar, Lin
; coln understood no language. Carlin was courteous, kind, and polished ; Lincoln was uncouth, dogmatical, and vulgar.
On the 15th day of May, 1863, while over the Missouri River, in West Quincy, Mr. Carlin was arrested by a gang of
that untamable rabble known as the Missouri Militia, thau
mmunicate with you personally bave failed, permit me to occupy your attention for a moment, with this note. I have been a prisoner since the 15th of May, and to-day do not know for what I was arrested, or upon what charge I am now held. All communications for this information remain unanswered. Under tbese circumstances, I am tendered a ‘release from my present arrest' upon condition that I tako an oath of allegiance. If I should take that oath, it would certainly imply two things :
“First. A plea of guilty to an unknown charge.
“Secondly. An admission on my part, that I had already for. feited my allegiance to the Government.
“ Truth and self-respect forbid any such concessions. Would it not be reasonable to furnish me with a copy of the charges, give me time to take testimony, or procure witnesses and prepare a defence? Holding me thus in ignorance and suspense is ruinous. My business, my family, and my health (now seriously impaired) are all neglected. Under these circumstances, may I not bope for a definite answer?
W. H. CARLIN." The following luminous epistle will sound strange in the cars of a well-educated American lawyer:
a “Every government reserves to itself the right of requiring, throngb its proper authorities, the renewal of the obligations of