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TABLE XXI.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY INDUSTRIES—Concluded.

MISCELLANEOUS,

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TABLE XXII.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE

UNITED STATES.

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Against contracting with irresponsible heads of gangs of lumber

shovers ........
Against demand for adoption of new rules and new scale ...
Against demand for adoption of new scale and discharge of non-

union employees...
Against demand for adoption of union rules.
Against demand for adoption of union rules and union scale...
Against demand for adoption of union scale.
Against demand for a year's contract ....
Against demand for better material.
Against demand for cash payment.
Against demand for change from piece to day work.
Against demand for change of pay day....
Against demand for discharge of foreman...
Against demand for discharge of manager ....
Against demand for discharge of members of another labor organi-

zation..........
Against demand for discharge of members of Cigar Makers' Interna-

tional Union ....
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees..
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees and increase

of wages ...
Against demand for discharge of overseer and increase of wages..
Against demand for discharge of superintendent.
Against demand for extra pay for extra hours.....
Against demand for holiday.
Against demand for increase of wages ...
Against demand for increase of wages and change of pay day.
Against demand for increase of wages and recognition of union.
Against demand ior increase of wages and reduction of hours..
Against demand for increase of wages and reinstatement of dis-

charged employees .................
Against demand for increase of wages or reduction of hours...
Against demand for pay for lost time .....
Against demand for payment of wages overdue...
Against demand for payment of wages retained to pay for damages

done to property through carelessness...
Against demand for reduction of hours...
Against demand for reinstatement of discharged employees
Against demand for removal of machines.
Against demand for removal of sign.......
Against demand for renewal of agreement.
Against demand for restoration of wages....
Against demand for Saturday half holiday..
Against demand for six months' contract..
Against demand for time and a half for overtime...
Against demand for union apprenticeship rules...
Against demand for weekly payment......
Against demand of Chinese cigar makers against employment of

white labor ............ ...
Against demand of spinners' union for discharge of apprentice.....
Against demand to enforce union scale...
Against employees acting on committee for increase of wages.
Against employees forming union....
Against employees found to be strikers from another shop.....
Against employees joining labor organization...
Against employees leaving work before close of working hours on

pay day ...........
Against employees receiving visitors during working hours...
Against employees working for contractors not members of masters'

association....
Against fines assessed by union and to compel employees to sign
I agreement to work only for members of masters' association.
Against fines assessed by union for alleged violation of agreement
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers ..........
Against members of Cigar Makers' International Union

International Union
Against members of certain unions ...
Against members of the Knights of Labor......
Against nonunion men....
Against objectionable union man.....
Against obnoxious union rules ...
Against organization of Knights of Labor assembly............
Against recognition of check weighman selected by miners..
Against refusal of employees to use material furnished by establish-
ment whose employees were on strike ..

a Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was still pending December 31, 1886.
Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending March 1, 1901.

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TABLE XXII.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE

UNITED STATES—Continued.

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Against refusal of employees to work during July and August.
Against rule of molders' union limiting pro
Against rule of stonecutters' association.
Against shop rules of employees........
Against threatened strike ........
Against threatened strike against employment of aged union com-

positor at less than union rates ........
Against threatened strike against employment of nonunion men....
Against threatened strike against new foreman........
Against threatened strike against reduction of wages..........
Against threatened strike against truck system and to enforce re-

duction of wages.....
Against threatened strike against use of electrotype plates ..
Against threatened strike against violation of agreement as to clos-

ing factory two months in summer....
Against threatened strike for adoption of union scale....
Against threatened strike for discharge of foreman....
Against threatened strike for discharge of nonunion employees.....
Against threatened strike for increase of wages....
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and reduction of

hours ..............
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and reinstatement

of discharged employees.....
Against threatened strike for increase of wages and to compel em-

ployees to sign yearly contract as to wages, not to strike, etc..
Against threatened strike for minimum rate of $2.20 per day.
Against threatened strike for recognition of union.....
Against threatened strike for reduction of hours.....
Against threatened strike for reduction of hours and uniform scale.
Against threatened strike for restoration of wages .....
Against threatened strike in sympathy with strike elsewhere..
Against threatened strike to compel employers to sign annual agree-

m ent................................
Against threatened strike to enforce agreement as to wages..
Against threatened strike to enforce union scale..
Against union apprenticeship rules ....
Against union men ......
Against union men and union rules..
Against union men who refused to obey
Against union rules....
Against union rules and union scale....
Against union rules as to number of apprentices allowed..
Against violation of agreement....
To compel acceptance of company's weight and signing of proposed

contract...
To compel adoption of agreement to work 12 hours per day..
To compel adoption of proposed agreement.
To compel adoption of proposed scale ......
To compel blowers to work on machines with smaller crews ..
To compel buttonhole makers to join Boss Tailors' Union.
To compel Cigar Makers' International Union to furnish labels......
To compel cigar makers to change shape of cigar without change of

price........
To compel deposit as security against striking without notice.......
To compel employees to board with company....
To compel employees to buy machines and return finished work to

another part of city..........
To compel employees to do a larger amount of work ..
To compel employees to do night work at same rate as day work....
To compel employees to furnish union labels...

To compel employees to furnish union labels for cigars made else1 where in nonunion factory.....

To compel employees to join certain union
To compel employees to join the Knights of Labor ...
To compel employees to leave one labor organization and join

another.............
To compel employees to leave union and join stock company...
To compel employees to live in tenement houses belonging to em-

ployer ....
To compel employees to make certain article for price offered..
To compel employees to operate machinery..
To compel employees to pay chop rent..
To compel employees to perform work for another establishment in

which strike was pending ..........
To compel employees to raise boycott.
To compel employees to relinquish demand for back shops and to

sign agreement not to strike during the year. To compel employees to sign agreement not to join union..

a Not including 20 establishments in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894.

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TABLE XXII.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE

UNITED STATES—Continued.

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To compel employees to sign agreement to work only for members of Iron League and change union rules .....

13 13
To compel employees to sign agreement to work only for members
of masters' association....

200
To compel employees to sign individual contracts...
To compel employees to sign temperance pledge....
To compel employees to stop paying assistance to strikers in another

establishment
To compel employees to teach apprentices and to withdraw from

union.... To compel employees to use material from nonunion establishment. To compel employees to wear uniform .... To compel employees to withdraw from Building Trades Council and to enforce rules of Building Contractors' Council ..

1,980 1,980 To compel employees to withdraw from one labor organization and

join another ....
To compel employees to withdraw from union.
To compel employees to work on boycotted material.
To compel employees to work on boycotted patterns...
To compel employees to work overtime..................
To compel granite cutters to do quarrying...............
To compel men to make up Saturday half holiday.......
To compel miners to accept company's weight .......
To compel miners to open abandoned veins...
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands.
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands

and to break up labor unions.....
To compel strikers to relinquish demand...
To compel union men to allow nonurion men to operate machines..
To compel union men to work with nonunion men..

251 To compel union men to work with nonunion men and to enforce

increase of hourg......
To compel union to declare strike off...
To compel union to raise boycott.....
To compel union to raise boycott against certain firms..
To compel weavers to pay for broken bobbins.
To compel weavers to work by the piece....
To compel women to do men's work ......................
To discipline employees for being absent without leave.
To enforce abolition of Saturday half holiday..
To enforce abolition of Saturday half holiday and force employees

to work Sundays and overtime.....
To enforce agreement with cornice workers' union as to sympa-

thetic strike.........
To enforce change from day to piece work..........
To enforce change from weekly to monthly payment......
To enforce change in apprenticeship rules..........
To enforce change in method of doing work.....
To enforce change in method of doing work and open-shop system.
To enforce change in method of doing work or reduction of wages..
To enforce change of date for ending of yearly scale.....
To enforce contract system.....
To enforce discharge of employees.......
To enforce discharge of uníon employee .......
To enforce employment of molders' helpers and abolish union rules.
To enforce increase of hours.....
To enforce increase of hours and abolition of limit to output per day.
To enforce increase of hours and change from piece to day work...
To enforce increase of hours and reduction of wages...
To enforce Master Stonecutters' Association rules..
To enforce modification of union rules as to right of employees to

work with tools .....
To enforce new rules ..
To enforce new rules and scale.......
To enforce new scale...
To enforce new scale and free-shop system.
To enforce payment of fine for alleged neglect of work
To enforce payment of fines levied by Building Trades Council
To enforce piecework system ..........
To enforce privilege of having sheet-metal workers do metallic-
lathers' work........

work uction of hours to comply with State our law and
consequent reduction of wages.
To enforce reduction of piece price on introduction of machinery ...
To enforce reduction of wages......

503 a 247 86 To enforce reduction of wages and against demand for reduction of

hours..
To enforce reduction of wages and against union men..

16 **** 151:
a Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894.

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TABLE XXII.-SUMMARY OF CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE

UNITED STATES-Concluded.

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a Not including 143 establishments in which lockouts were still pending at the close of 1 of the S investigations included in this report.

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