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Table XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

PENNSYLVANIA.

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a Loekout still pending July 1, 1894.
b Not including 20 establishments in which loekout was still pending July 1, 1894.

TABLE XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES-Continued.

SOUTH DAKOTA.

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Against demand for increase of wages.....
Against threatened strike for increase of wages..........
Against union men..
Against union men and union rules.....
To compel acceptance of company's weight and signing of proposed

contract......
To compel adoption of proposed scale ....
To compel employees to sign agreement not to join union..
To compel employees to withdraw from union..
To enforce reduction of wages....
To enforce reduction of wages and free-shop system....

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Against demand for adoption of union scale ......
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees.
Against demand for increase of wages.....
Against threatened strike ......
Against union men ......
To compel employees to furnish union labels ..
To enforce increase of hours..
To enforce reduction of wages......
To enforce reduction of wages in other establishments in which
strike was pending .......

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a Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894.

Table XIX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Concluded.

WASHINGTON,

Cause or object.

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Against threatened strike to compel employers to sign annual agree

m ent......................
Against union men.
To compel adoption of agreement to work 12 hours per day..
To enforce reduction of wages.....

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Against demand for increase of wages....
Against demand to enforce union scale...
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers.........
Against threatened strike for increase of wages .......
Against union men.....
To enforce increase of hours........
To enforce reduction of wages.....

Total...

WISCONSIN.

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Against demand for payment of wages overdue........
Against demand for reduction of hours..
Against threatened strike for adoption of union scale..
Against threatened strike for increase of wages ....
Against union men ......
Against union men and union rules..
To compel employees to furnish union labels .....
To compel employees to work on boycotted patterns..
To compel union men to work with nonunion men and to enforce

increase of hours .......
To enforce change from weekly to inonthly payment......
To enforce increase of hours......
To enforce new rules.......
To enforce reduction of wages..
To enforce reduction of wages and free-shop system ..

Total............

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WYONING.

Against union men and union rules...

Total..

Table XX.–CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY YEARS.

1881.

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Against demand for change of pay day........
Against demand for increase of wages...
Against demand for reduction of hours ..
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers..................................
Against union men ....
To enforce change in method of doing work ..........
To enforce discharge of union employee..
To enforce increase of hours...
To enforce increase of hours and reduction of wages ..
To enforce reduction of wages ...
To enforce reduction of wages and against union men..
To prevent employees from joining labor organization.

Total..........

1883.

Against demand for discharge of members of Cigar Makers' Interna

tional Union....
Against demand for increase of wages.
Against members of Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel

Workers..........................
Against union men ..........
Against violation of agreement...
To enforce employment of molders' helpers and abolish union rules.
To enforce reduction of wages..
To enforce rules ....
To compel employees to withdraw from union..

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er and increase of wages.

Against demand for adoption of union scale .........
Against demand for discharge of overseer and increase of wages.....
Against demand for increase of wages....
Against demand for payment of wages overdue .....
Against demand for reduction of hours.............

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Table XX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY YEARS—Continued.

1885-Concluded.

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Against demand for adoption of union rules and union scale.
Against demand for adoption of union scale....
Against demand for a year's contract.....
Against demand for discharge of foreman...
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees...
Against demand for increase of wages.....
Against employees receiving visitors during working hours..
Against members of certain union.......

a Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was still pending December 31, 1886.

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