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TABLE XVIII.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

INDUSTRIES—Concluded.

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a Not including 121 establishments in which lockout was still pending December 31, 1886. b Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending March 1, 1901, c Not including 20 establishments in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1894. d Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending July 1, 1891.

TABLE XVIII.-SUMMARY OF LOCKOUTS FOR THE UNITED STATES, BY

INDUSTRIES—Concluded.

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e Not including 14 establishments not reported.

Not including 143 establishments in which lockouts were still pending at the close of 1 of the 3 investigations included in this report and 14 establishments not reported.

Table XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES.

ALABANA.

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Against employees forming union.......
Against union men ....
To compel union to raise boycott against certain firms...
To enforce payment of fines levied by Building Trades Council.
To enforce reduction of hours to comply with State 8-hour law and

consequent reduction of wages........
To enforce reduction of wages...................
To enforce rule requiring employees to remove all clothing for in-

spection before and after work .... To enforce rule requiring plasterers to work for members of masters'

association only ....

Total..

11

CONNECTICUT.

Against demand for adoption of union scale....
Against demand for discharge of foreman......
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employee..............
Against demand for discharge of overseer and increase of wages ...
Against demand for increase of wages ......
Against demand for increase of wages and reduction of hours...
Against demand for reinstatement of discharged employees...

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Table XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

CONNECTICUT-Concluded.

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Succeeded Failed. partly.

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Against nonunion men..........
Against threatened strike..
Against threatened strike against reduction of wages..
Against threntened strike for increase of wages and reduction of

hours ..........
Against union apprenticeship rules.....
Against union men...
Against union men and union rules..
Against union rules......
To compel adoption of proposed scale
To compel granite cutters to do quarrying ...
To discipline employees for being absent without leave ..
To enforce change of date for ending of yearly scale........
To enforce discharge of employees.......
To enforce new rules .........
To enforce reduction of piece price on introduction of machinery
To enforce reduction of wages.....
To enforce work for another shop in which strike was pending.
To prevent employees from joining labor organization ..

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DELAWARE.

Against union men and union roles.

Total...

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Against members of certain union .......
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands ..

Total...

FLORIDA

Against demand for adoption of union rules.....
Against demand for payment of wages retained to pay for damages

done to property through carelessness..
Against organization of Knights of Labor assembly ...
Against threatened strike ......
Against threatened strike for recognition of union .......
Against union rules as to number of apprentices allowed.....
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands

Total..

34

GEORGIA.

Against demand for increase of wages...........
Against threatened strike ...
Against threatened strike for increase of wages................
Against threatened strike for reduction of hours ....
Against union men .......
To compel employees to do night work at same rate as day work...
To compel employees to pay shop rent..
To compel strikers in other establishments to relinquish demands.
To enforce reduction of wages...

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TABLE XIX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF LOCKOUTS, BY STATES—Continued.

ILLINOIS.

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Against demand for better material..

.....
Against demand for discharge of nonunion employees and increase

of wages ................
Against demand for increase of wages .....
Against demand for reduction of hours.....
Against demand for six months' contract....
Against employees forming union.....
Against threatened strike in sympathy with strike elsewhere..
Against union men.....
To compel union to raise boycott against certain firms..
To enforce reduction of wages.....
To reduce force....
Total....

152 114
a Not including 1 establishment in which lockout was still pending March 1, 1901.

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