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Table VIII.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY STATES—Continued.

WASHINGTON-Concluded.

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Against alleged excessive charges for blacksmithing ...
Against alleged short weight of coal
Against being compelled to pay for sharpening tools ...
Against change from turn to piece work...
Against coal miners being compelled to put up props and lay their

own tracks.....
Against demand for unlimited output per day.
Against employment of foreign labor
Against employment of nonunion men...
Against fines for imperfect work.....
Against reduction of wages.........
Against use of material from nonunion establishment
Against working overtime......
Against working under colored foreman..
Against working under Knights of Labor scale ....
For abolition of coal screen ..
For adoption of new scale .....
For adoption of uniform scale and against employment of nonunion
For appointment of miner as check weighman.
For change from screen-coal to run-of-mine basis and fortnightly

payment.............
For change from run-of-mine to screen-coal basis .......
For change in method of piece payment ...,
For change of coal screen ...
For discharge of company physician and reinstatement of dis-

charged physician .....
For discharge of nonunion employees........
For extra rate for overtime....
For increase of wages......
For increase of wages and against introduction of machinery.
For increase of wages and employment of check weighman.
For increase of wages and free oil....
For increase of wages and recognition of union.
For increase of wages and reduction of hours.
For increase of wages and use of scales....
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and recognition of union..
For pay for extra work ......
For privilege of laying stone..
For recognition of union........
For reduction of hours........
For regular payment......
For reinstatement of discharged employees...
For reinstatement of discharged employees and recognition of union.
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc....

a Strike still pending July 1, 1894.

TABLE VIII.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY STATES—Continued.

WEST VIRGINIA-Concluded.

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Against alleged discrimination in favor of certain employee
Against being compelled to board at place designated by employer..
Against change from day to piece work...
Against change from piece to day work...
Against change of rules ................
Against choice made in appointment of foreman...
Against demand to leave one labor organization and join another
Against discharge of assistant superintendent..
Against discharge of union employees ....
Against employment of additional apprentices..
Against employment of additional apprentices and reduction of

wages..................
Against employment of additional helpers...
Against employment of men at less than union rates....
Against employment of nonunion men...
Against employment of nonunion men and for recognition of union
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc.
Against employment of women ..
Against employment of women and for increase of wages...
Against fines for imperfect work ...
Against fines for imperfect work and for discharge of employees.
Against increase of amount of work required to be done
Against increase of hours....
Against introduction of machinery....
Against introduction of machinery and for discharge of nonunion

employees and increase of wages...
Against journeyman being compelled to do laborer's work.
Against obnoxious rules......
Against obnoxious rules and reduction of wages...
Against obnoxious rules, increase of amount of work required to be

done, and for reinstatement of discharged employees.....
Against obnoxious treatment of union men..
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

was pending.....
Against performing work out of regular occupation ...
Against reduction and for increase of wages...
Against reduction of wages.....
Against reduction of wages and discharge of helpers ...
Against reduction of wages and employment of nonunion men
Against reduction of wages and for recognition of union
Against reduction of wages and for reinstatement of discharged

employees.......
Against reduction of wages of some and for increase of wages of

others.......
Against retention of part of wages as guaranty
Against Sunday work......
Against supplying stone to a prison...
Against truck system...
Against truck system and for regular paymen
Against using nonunion-made material,
Against violation of union rules....
For adoption of new scale.....
For adoption of union apprenticeship rules
For adoption of union rules........
For adoption of union rules and union scale.
For adoption of union scale.
For beer instead of water to drink.
For better arrangements for safety and increase of wages..

a Not including 1 establishment not reported.

b Not including 2 establishments in which strike was still pending July 1, 1894, and 1 establishment not reported.

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TABLE VIII.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY STATES—Continued.

WISCONSIN-Concluded.

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For better board and lodging (living with employer) .........
For car fare.......
For change from piece to day work and increase of wages.
For ehange in method of piece payment....
For change of rules.....
For discharge of apprentices...
For discharge of foreman...
For discharge of forewoman...
For discharge of head waiter..
For discharge of nonunion employees.
For discharge of nonunion foreman..
For discharge of superintendent......
For discharge of yard master..
For double pay for Sunday work
For employment of additional helpers and reduction of hours on

Saturday.....
For enforcement of union rules...
For fortnightly payment.........
For increase of force........
For increase of hours and wages........
For increase of wages.....
For increase of wages and adoption of union agreement.
For increase of wages and against retention of part of wages as guar-

anty......
For increase of wages and discharge of employees, foremen, etc.
For increase of wages and extra pay for overtime..
For increase of wages and pay for lost time....
For increase of wages and recognition of union...
For increase of wages and reduction of hours....
For increase of wages and regular payment.
For increase of wages and reinstatement of discharged employees...
For increase of wages, recognition of union, weekly payment, and

against employment of women.....
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and recognition of union.
For pay for extra work and reinstatement of discharged employees...
For pay for overtime.....
For payment in cash instead of by check..
For payment of wages overdue.
For recognition of union..
For recognition of union and adoption of union rules.
For recognition of union and adoption of union scale..
For recognition of union and payment of claims against former con-

tractor .................
For reduction of hours.........
For reduction of hours and against being compelled to board with

employer.......
For reduction of hours and recognition of union .......
For reduction of hours and reinstatement of discharged employees.
For reduction of hours and weekly payment ...
For regular payment in cash.........
For reinstatement of discharged employees...
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc.
For reinstatement of discharged foreman....
For restoration of wages......
For weekly payment ..
For weekly payment and limitation of number of apprentices
For weekly payment in cash.....
In sympathy with strike elsewhere..
To compel employer to establish standard by which to judge defect-

ive work ............
To compel employer to join masters' association..
To compel employer to remain neutral in strike pending in other

establishments......... To enforce payment of dues, fines, etc., by delinquent members of unions, or for their discharge..........

1,273

WYOMING.

Against alleged excessive docking and discharge of employees ....
Against alleged short weight of coal.......
Against bastard type .......
Against being compelled to pay hospital dues.....
Against change from pay by the day to pay by the hour..
Against change from screen-coal to run-of-mine basis....

Table VIII.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY STATES—Concluded.

WYOMING–Concluded.

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Against employment of Chinese labor..........
Against employment of colored men...
Against increase of hours and reduction of force....
Against reduction of wages ....
For change from screen-coal to run-of-mine basis...
For discharge of foreman..
For discharge of foreman and against employment of Chinese labor.
For discharge of certain nationalities...
For employment of check weighman...
For increase of wages........
For increase of wages and privilege of employing discharged em-

ployees as check weighmen.....
For increase of wages, reduction of hours, and adoption of union

rules........................................
For recognition of union...
For reinstatement of discharged employees....
For reinstatement of discharged employee to former position...
In sympathy with strike elsewhere....

TABLE IX.-CAUSES, ETC., OF STRIKES, BY YEARS.

1881.

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Against change of rules.
Against contract system....
Against discharge of employees, foremen, etc...
Against discharge of union employees......
Against employment of additional apprentices.
Against employment of nonunion men, foremen, etc..
Against employment of women ......
Against extra work without extra pay ...
Against filling slack....
Against increase of hours and reduction of wages.
Against making six heats per day.
Against obnoxious rules....
Against performing work for another establishment in which strike

was pending......
Against poor quality of material ..
Against reduction of pay for dead work.
Against reduction of wages.....
Against reduction of wages and employment of apprent
Against signing contracts ...
Against truck system ......
Against use of imperfect scales......
For adoption of fixed scale ........
For adoption of new scale....
For adoption of union, etc., rules..
For adoption of union, etc., scale
For better treatment....
For better treatment, payment of wages overdue, and against dis-

charge of employees......
For change from day to piece work ....
For change in method of measuring work..
For change in method of piece payment...
For change of coal screen.
For discharge of apprentices..
For discharge of employees, foremen, etc..
For discharge of nonunion employees...
For employment of check weighman
For enforcement of union rules .....
For equal distribution of work ......
For equitable division of fat matter..
For fixed rate of wages....
For increase and readjustment of wages...
For increase of wages...
For increase of wages and against employment of nonunion men.
For increase of wages and against obnoxious rules ....
For increase of wages and against signing contracts.....
For increase of wages and employment of check weighman.
For increase of wages and limitation of number of apprentices..
For increase of wages and reduction of hours...
For increase of wages and semimonthly payment ...
For increase of wages and use of scales......
For increase of wages, discharge of nonunion employees, and

adoption of fixed scale ....
For increase of wages or reduction of hours...
For limitation of number of apprentices...
For limitation of number of apprentices and discharge of nonunion

employees .......
For pay for dead work..
For payment of wages overdue...
For recognition of union .........
For reduction of hours...
For reduction of hours and against being compelled to board with

employer .............. ..
For reduction of hours and change of rules....
For reinstatement of discharged check weighman...
For reinstatement of discharged employees, foremen, etc.
For semimonthly payment.
In sympathy with strike elsewhere..........

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17

1882.

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