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Flevimus, et gemitus luctantia verba 2. Laudate Dominum fortiter repressit,

Ubique gentis inclitum : Inque sinus liquidae decidit imber Laudate magnitudinem aquae.

Captum supra mortalium. Muta super virides pendebant nablia

3. Laudate Dominum bellicae Et salices tacitas sustinuere lyras.

Claris tubae clangoribus, Ecce ferox doininus, Solymae dominator

Laudate Dominum nabliis

Lyrisque blande garrulis.
Exigit in mediis carmina laeta malis ;
Qui patrium exilio nobis mutavit acerbo,
Nos iubet ad patrio3 verba referre

4. Laudate Dominum tympanis

Chorique festi cantibus,

Laudate Dominum fidibus et
Quale canebamus, steterat dum celsa

Sonore dulci tibiae.
Regia, finitimis invidiosa locis.
Sicine divinos Babylon irrideat hymnos, 5. Laudate eum tinnitibus
Audiat et sanctos terra profana

Laetis canori cymbali :
modos ?

Hunc cuncta laudent quae trahunt O Solymae, O adyta, et sacri penetralia Vitalis aurae spiritum.

templi, Ullane vos animo deleat hora meo?

1 Captum (=power) is governed by supra. Conprecor, ante meae capiant me oblivia dextrae,

Among original poems, we Nec memor argutae sit mea dextra select, as a specimen of Buchlyrae.

anan's hexameters, a passage For five verses of the English, from the Ode on the marriage we have ten couplets in Latin. of the Dauphin (afterwards The expansion is free. Observe, Francis II., King of France) for instance, how “Sing us one with the Princess Mary (afterof the songs of Sion ”is handled. wards Mary, Queen of Scots), Yet we gain in smoothness and in 1558. in perfect ease of transition. Addressing the Dauphin, The result is really felt to be Buchanan mentions the items an original Latin poem.

of the dower brought to him Or again, take Psalm 150. by his bride, such as beauty The Prayer Book version is— and noble birth. He adds to O praise God in his holiness : praise these the valour of her people, him in the firmament of his power.

the ScotsPraise him in his noble acts : praise him

according to his excellent greatness. Praise him in the sound of the trumpet:

Ampla si dote moveris, praise him upon the lute and harp.

Accipe dotalos, Mavortia pectora,

Scotos . Praise him in the cymbals and dances : praise him upon the strings and pipe.

Illa pharetratis est propria gloria

Scotis Praise him upon the w

well-tuned cymbals : praise him upon the loud cymbals.

Cingere vonatu saltus, superare na

tando Let everything that hath breath praise Flumina, ferre famem, contemnere the Lord.

frigora et aestus : Buchanan has

Nec fossa et muris patriam, sed Marte

tueri, 1. Laudate Dominum lucidum

Et spreta incolumem vita defendere Templum colentem siderum

famam : Qui vi suae potentiae

Polliciti servare fidem, sanctumque Firmarit orbis cardines.




Nomon amicitiae : mores, non munus, From the large number of

shorter poems, which range Artibus his, totum fremerent cum bella per orbem,

from gaiety to savagery, and Nullaque non leges tellus mutaret are not free from coarseness, avitas

but are always exquisite in Externo subiecta iugo, gens

their Latinity, we are tempted vetusti Sedibus antiqua sub libertate resedit.

to quote. But we must conSubstitit hic Gothi furor, hic gravis tent ourselves with a reference

impetus haesit Saxonis, hio Cimber superato Saxone,

to the verses prefixed to the et acri

Paraphrase of the Psalms, in Perdomito eti Neuster Cimbro. Si which he dedicates that work volvere priscos

to Queen Mary : I mean the Non piget annales, hic et victoria fixit Praecipitem Romana gradum.

verses which begin1 et=etiam.

Nympha, Caledoniae quae nunc feliciter


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his gold.

Those verses I thus translate Missa per innumeros sceptra tueris

avos, in blank verse

and end with the sentiment It is the quivered Scot's peculiar pride To hom tho quarry in the woods, to

that his verses had borrowed swim

from the Queen graces which The flood, and fear not hunger, heat, they did not possess in themnor cold.

selves— Not with high walls nor fosses deep he guards

Nam quod ab ingenio domini sperare His land, but in embattled ranks of

nequibant, war, Reckless of life, so he keep honour

Debebunt genio forsitan illa tuo. safe. His promise is his bond : he venerates Here we have Buchanan at The title “friend a8 earth's most his best : the playfulness of sacred tie,

the friend tempering the dignity And loves his comrade's virtues, not

of the scholar and the courtier.! Thus, when war ranged through all the The chief prose writings of bounds of earth,

Buchanan have been already When every land lost its ancestral laws And was made subject to a foreign mentioned. From the History yoke,

('Rerum Scoticarum Historia,' One nation only, in its ancient home, Bk. XVII. ch. 61) I select a Held fast the freedom of the days of

passage describing the murder old. The fiery Goth paused hero, the on

of David Rizzio. slaught fierce

(The conspirators made a Of Saxon, and the Saxon's conqueror. solemn compact to destroy And when the Norman overthrew the Dane,

Rizzio.) Norman met here his match. And if we deem

His omnium chirographo confirmatis, That olden story still is worth the regequo caedis auctorem se profitente, search,

tum ut condemnationem procerum abE'en Rome, who conquered all the sentium praevenirent, tum ne world beside,

consilium palam fieret, statim facinus On Scotia’s borders checked her swift aggredi visum est. Igitur cum regina

in cellula augusta cenaret, adhibitis de



more ad mensam Davide et comitis

a small private room, and had Argatheliae uxoro, paucique adstarent with her at table, as usual, ministri (locus enim non multos capiebat), Jacobus Duglassius, Mortonii Rizzio and the Countess of comes, cum magno famulorum numero Argyle. Only a few attendants in extimo cubiculo ambulabat. In

were present, for the room area subdiali e clientibus et amicorum fidissimis observare iussi erant, et

was not large enough to hold tumultus, si qui orirentur, compescere. many.

James Douglas, Earl Rex e suo cubiculo, quod infra reginam of Morton, with a number of erat, per scalas angustas, quae ei soli his friends, was walking to and patebant, ascendit : sequebatur Patricius Ruvenus, armatus, cum quattuor fro in an outer chamber. Some ant quinque ad summum comitibus. of his faithful followers and

Iis in collam ubi cenabatur ingressis, vassals were commanded to cum insolens rerum facies reginam non nibil commovisset, Ruvenum squalidum stay below in the yard, in et e diuturno morbo macilentum, et order to quiet any disturbance tamen armatum aspiciens, ecquid rei that might occur. novae esset percunctatur.

Nam qui

“The king then came out aderant e febre delirare ac sui parum compotem esse credebant. Ille David- of his own chamber, which lay em surgere et prodire iubet : eum enim below that of the queen. He in quo sedebat locum non esse decorum. went up to her by a narrow Regina statim assurgit, et corporis flight of stairs, which was obiectu adversus venientes eum protegit. Rex eam complexus bono animo open to none but himself. esse iubet, nihil enim esse quod ipsa Patrick Ruthven followed him, timeret ; caedem unius nebulonis de- armed, with four or five comcretam esse. David primum in proxi. mum, deinde in extimum cubiculum panions at most. They entered pertractus, ibi ab eis qui cum Duglassio the room where the party sat praestolabantur multis vulneribus con- at supper. The queen was foditur. Idque praeter omnium qui ad surprised at the unusual apcaedem eius conspiraverant voluntatem, qui eum publice strangulandum, popu- pearance (of armed men). Perloque, cui gratissimum fore sciebant, id ceiving Ruthven to be haggard spectaculum praebere destinabant.

and lean as the result of his

late illness, but still wearing The Latin is clear and ele- his armour, she asked him gant (except for for publicer what what was wrong.

The Onpalam); the story is told easily lookers thought that Ruthven's and vividly. A straightfor- sickness had disturbed his brain, ward translation is as follows: and put him beside himself.

“They all set their hands to Ruthven (instead of replying] this contract, wherein the king commanded Rizzio to rise and promised to accept responsi- come forth. "Where you sit,' bility for Rizzio's death. It he said, 'is not the place for was resolved to make the at- you.' The queen at once arose, tempt forthwith, in order to and sought to defend Rizzio forestall a verdict against the by interposing her own person ; absent nobles, and to prevent but the king took her in his the design from being dis- arms, bidding her be of good covered through delay. The courage, and have no fear for queen was seated at supper in herself, because it was only the death of one, and that a In the second place, he advovillain, that was resolved on. cated a form of government While this passed, Rizzio was (whether a republic or a mondragged out into the next

the next archy) in which the ruler rechamber, then into the outer ceives his authority from the chamber, where those who were law. waiting with

Douglas des In the third place, he strove patched him at last,

at last, after to renew the national religion, giving him many wounds. This making of it a pietas litterata, was contrary to the intentions or piety tempered by all that of all who had conspired to put culture and learning can conhim to death; for they had vey. And all these lessons. resolved to hang him publicly, were driven home by a powerful knowing that such a sight would personality, in which intellect be an agreeable spectacle to was balanced by will. The the people."

greatest man of his age," so Buchanan (as Dr Hume Salmasius called him. He was Brown has pointed out) spent great not only in his writings, , his life in communicating three but in the living work of an leading ideas. In the first educator, in which he spent place, he implanted in his many of the happiest hours of pupils the desire for correct his long and honourable career. expression, for purity of speech. For his services to learning and The Latin language before his to education, in Scotland and time had been debased into a elsewhere, he deserves to be barbarous dialect, destitute of remembered. And it may be accuracy or taste. He culti- recalled that the portrait on vated purity of language as an the cover of the magazine in instrument of moral and intel- which this article appears is the lectual culture.

portrait of George Buchanan.

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“Who's for the shore ?" looking very much pleased with shouted the captain's clerk, life, contented himself with a when luncheon was well under cursory glance at the names way in the gun-room of the therein and a whimsical look Cassiopeia one sizzling hot at the boy, and signed without day in the year 1884, waving a word. But as the latter over his bead as he spoke the crossed the deck to the gunmidshipmen's leave book. room smoking place, he heard

Shove my name down, and the first lieutenant remark to Fordham's too,” replied Sar- the navigator, “It's no use toris, the senior midshipman, stopping that fellow's leave; in equally stentorian tones. he puts his name in the book "I haven't had a look at the

every day.” beach for I don't know when. Sartoris grinned. Number One's got such a down The Cassiopeia was lying on me that he keeps jamming off Port of Spain, in the island my leave out of sheer cussed- of Trinidad, where the water ness. He's hard up for ex- is so shallow that even that cuses now, though, and I don't little ship, which drew but 17 think he'll have invented a feet of water, had to lie quite new one since yesterday, when two miles and a half from the he said he couldn't spare me shore, and as there was no from my duties as mate of the wind that afternoon, the cutter's upper deck. It's 'make and crew had to pull the heavy mend’ to-day, so he can't use officer's boat all the way in that again.”

to the landing-place-and off “He's in rather good form again. to-day,” remarked

remarked the cap- On the way ashore, our two tain's olerk, who had been told friends, who had stowed themoff by Sartoris to take charge selves away in the bows of the of the leave book because he boat, as the stern sheets were was “ supposed to be able to full of ward-room officers write, and Number One always including the first lieutenant, says he can't read my writing.” discussed what they should do

Directly after lunch Sartoris, when they got ashore. They whose duty it was, took the had both thoroughly explored leave book to the first lieu- the town on the occasions of tenant for signature. That previous visits to the island, officer, who was enjoying his and had found nothing very pipe in the ward-room smoking exciting, the "attractions" concircle under the poop, and sisting mainly of heat, rum,

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