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Marley, a descendant of the Marleys of Dunston Lodge. In regard to the trial and acquittal of Mr. Barnet, the Tyne Mercury_has the following:-"Mr. Barnet's trial at Durham created a great interest in this town (Newcastle) and neighbourhood. On Friday evening, the coaches from the south looked for by numbers of persons, all anxious to hear the result. His acquittal appeared to give general satisfaction, and the several coaches as they arrived with the news were loudly cheered. On Saturday evening as Mr. Barnet was proceeding in a chaise from Newcastle a large body of keelmen from Dunston and its vicinity stopped him at Tyne Bridge, and taking the horses out, they drew him home in triumph, preceded by flags and loud huzzas.

There was a tract dealing with this trial published in Newcastle in 1830, a copy of which is in the Gateshead Public Library. H. ASKEW.

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Ratin words which EFERENCE WANTED (cliv. 335). E. R. quotes are found in the compilation known as the Flores historiarum,' attributed at one time to an imaginary Matthew of Westminster; Aetas quinta,' cap. vii. p. 32, in the Frankfort ed. of 1601, and vol. i. p. 66 in H. R. Luard's edition in the Rolls series::

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Qui cum vicesimum ageret aetatis annum, regnum adorsus est expugnare Persarum, habens in exercitu peditum triginta milia et equitum quatuor milia quingentos; et horum agminum ordines nemo nísi sexagenarius duxit, et si principia castrorum cerneres, senatum te cernere, non militiae duces, existimares.'

The army is that of Alexander the Great, and the account is in the preliminary sketch of the history of the world from the Creation which mediaeval chroniclers loved to prefix to their narratives of more recent events. But the passage is not original. The same description of Alexander's army is in the Chronica Majora of Matthew Paris, vol. i. p. 62 of Luard's Rolls edition of M.P., and whoever was responsible for the early part of the Chronica majora,' was indebted to Hugo de S. Victore, who in his Excerptiones Priores,' v. 6, to which Luard refers, has the same words, the only real difference being that Hugo writes "ut cerneres instead of et. The twelfth century Hugo, in his turn, drew, directly or indirectly. from Justinus's Historiae Philippicae,' XI. vi. 6, to quote only the words corresponding to E. R.'s passage:

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Ordines quoque nemo nisi sexagenarius duxit; ut, si principia castrorum cerneres, senatum te alicuius priscae rei publicae videre diceres."

And here we lose the trail, for the Universal History of Trogus Pompeius which Justinus confessedly abridged in his own work, has not come down to us.


The Library.

The Seege or Batayle of Troye. By Mary Elizabeth Barnicle. (Humphrey Milford for the Early English Test Society. £1 5s. net).

OF the four MSS. of this Middle English

romance which have come down to us, Miss Barnicle prints the Lincoln's Inn, Egerton and Arundel side by side in an opening, and the Harley (which has already been printed twice-by Zietsch and by Wager) as an appendix. The Egerton and Arundel are now in print for the first time; the Lincoln's lnn manuscript was printed side by side with the Harley by Zietsch. The date of the original has been put during the first quarter of the fourteenth century, from considerations first, of the metre and secondly, of the defensive armour and weapons described in the poem.

Miss Barnicle sets out the second consideration with great care and abundant annotation. The Harley, the latest to be written, of our four MSS. departs in many places and in several ways from the others, but Miss Barnicle argues, and we think rightly, that these differences do not point to a separate derivation from some subordinate original for the three earlier versions, but rather to some inventiveness of mind and impatience of mere copying on the part of the Harley scribe. His work is in a small quarto volume, decorated with illuminated capitals, beautifully written, and obviously intended to be read; and the same may be said of the Arundel MS, also beautifully illuminated and forming part of a large book. But the other two are undecorated copies, done in a rapid hand and on small leaves, the Lincoln copy especially so, with its narrow oblong shape (Miss Barnicle compares it to a butcher-boy's order-book) and its narrow margins. These, we are to believe, are minstrels' copies, meant for hard use, books meant not to be read but to be sung from— and which perhaps have actually been used by minstrels.

The romance itself goes very gallantly, and, more than most such mediaeval productions, defies cold print and contrives to sing itself to the inward ear. It seems strange that, with the revival of so many old forms of amusement, no one has thought of reviving the old minstrel entertainment. The Seege of Troye would be suitable for such an experiment.

Miss Barnicle discusses very well the topics of language and sources, giving in a second appendix a good account of the epitomes of the story of Troy ascribed to Dares and Dictys, and of the Roman de Troie.'

Wordsworth in Early American Criticism. By Annabel Newton. (University of Chicago Press. 12s. 6d. net).

THE best part of this book is the sketch of

American culture in the first half of the nineteenth century-summing up the craving for excitement-childish excitement; the lachrymose sentimentality; the Puritan view

of life; the slavish dependence, in literature, upon England; and in it all the sturdy belief


in the value of the individual man and woman. For all this instructive and entertaining examples are supplied, and the bearing of it on the failure to appreciate Wordsworth is made very clear. This part of the book, though, is not without its faults, and faults are intensified as we go on. A chief one is the dull, careless, prolix English style. How can any one with the slightest feeling for style have passed such a sentence as: America's delight in graveyard poetry was an aspect of sentimentalism of Mrs. Hemans's poetry?" How can any one acquainted, as Miss Newton evidently is, with much fine English prose, not require of himself some little more force, compactness and colour? The fact is that the subject has not in it enough to make more than a tolerable essay. Neither adverse nor favourable criticism of


Wordsworth in America during the period before 1860 had anything to mark it off from contemporary criticism in England. What Emerson or Lowell said about him is more valuable as throwing light on themselves than as interpretation of Wordsworth.

We should guess, nevertheless, from the collection of material she has made, and from its arrangement, that Miss Newton is a competent researcher: and we think that if, when making future books, she can persuade a friend who knows how to write to use her

with a little wholesome severity, she will by and by produce something both fitly proportioned and readable.

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Shakespeare's pastoral people a laugh at the insipidity of the pastoral plays in vogue and Jonson's among them; the touches of character and circumstance in Jaques which bear corre spondence with Jonson; and some implied suggestions for and criticism of contemporary comedy in the play. Mr. Gray's theory finds corroboration in what is known about the date of As You Like It '-directed to be staied in 1600-and, if accepted, will in its turn help to fix the date of the play, which must then be later than the appearance of Every Man out of his Humour towards the end of 1599. In the course of illustrating the main theme this essay brings forward many interesting suggestive remarks on collateral matters.


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MR. THOMAS THORP, of Guildford, puts two very good items in the forefront of his Catalogue No. 390: a first edition of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and 54 vols., all first editions, of the works of Anthony Trollope; the price of the former is £100; of the latter, £125. Thirty-four Acts of Parliament of the eighteenth century for two or three shillings apiece may be of interest to some readers. There are Norfolk three copies of Blomefield's (17391775), the best-containing the pedigrees and lists of subscribers which collectors look foris priced £18 10s.; and we noticed also Eyton's Shropshire (1854-60: £30), and Atkyns's Gloucestershire,' a second edition, extended by insertions to 3 vols. (1768: £27). Here are also, offered for £65, 119 vols. of the Harleian Society's Publications, and other interesting


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and Planché's

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· are Purcell's Orpheus Britannicus (1706 £7 7s.); the recent privately printed translation by C. H. Tawney of Somadeva's Katha Sarit Sagara with Introduction and Notes by Norman Penzer (221); Shoberl's The World in Miniature' (43 vols., in 22: £60): Cyclopædia of Costume (1876-79 £5 10s.). Under Dickens are first editions of 'Master Humphrey's Clock (£5 5s.); David Copperfield (22 15s.), and Oliver Twist' (£3 15s.). Mr. Thorp has also a sixteenth century MS.- Reformationsordnung des Königreichs Böhmen,' written on 316 leaves, for which he is asking £8 8s.


THE solution proposed by the Master of Jesus College to the problem of Shakespeare's of Jonson is that the portraiture purging (one hardly can call it caricature) of Jonson as Jaques in As You Like It constituted the purge. The strongest argument in favour is that derived from the date. The return from Parnassus, or the Scourge of Simony where, in the fourth act, is the passage about the pestilent fellow " Ben Jonson having been given a purge by our fellow Shakespeare, was acted at Christmas or New Year 1601/2. Then, some play of Shakespeare's acted before that date must contain the " purge and by a process of exhaustion we soon arrive at, As You Like It.' Jaques, in that function, certainly to us seems to imply very mild treatment, quite in the character of " gentle Shakespeare; and Shakespeare's share in the acting, less than two years later, of Sejanus' shows that it was not felt by Jonson to be unpardonably offensive. Yet, as Mr. Gray reminds us, we do not know what the actors made of Jaques; the cathartic quality of the part may have been their contribution. Other points made are the incidental position of Jaques in the play; the unconventionality of Printed and Published by The Bucks Free Press, Ltd., at their Offices, 20, High Street, High Wycombe, in the County of Buoks.

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WANTED. CASH OFFERS for clean, sound copies in the original binding :-Cashel Byron's Profession, 1886, 45s.; An Unsocial Socialist, 1887, 60s.; Widowers' Houses, 1893, 60s.; Plays Pleasant and Unpleasant, 2 vols., 1898, £8 10s.; Three Plays for Puritans, 1901, 40s.; Man and Superman, 1903, 35s.; Irrational Knot, 1905, 30s. HIGH PRICES PAID FOR ALL FIRST EDITIONS, AUTOGRAPH LETTERS, PRESENTATION COPIES, and MANU



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NOTES:-On French Version of the Herbal of Leonard Fuchs, 381 Unpublished Letters of Warren Hastings, 383-The King's Ships, 384Richard Wright Procter and N. & Q.', 388. QUERIES:-Antique-Parse-Drayton and Polesworth Fell's First Specimen Book Dress of English Grenadiers, 1705, 388-An early mechan. ical vehicle-Mordaunt Family-Vizard-Bust of Mrs. Pepys in British Museum Weavers' Company-Bull and Gate" Rationalisation." Defoe at Lyme Regis Naval Records Leighton-An American computation of words -Adoption of foreign words, 390. REPLIES:- British Monumental Inscriptions': Roffe, 390 Robert and Thomas Wright of Madras-Introduction of paper lanterns and fireworks into Europe-Cater Family-" God's 1728Acre " "Church Acre," 392-Racing in Place-name Perrow-Agricultural and building customs: Témoins-A Jewish Tradition-Cannel say!"


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No. 148-Feb. 12, 1921 (Vol. viii).
No. 168 July 2, 1921 (Vol. ix).
No. 185-Oct. 29, 1921 (Vol. ix).
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Indices to Vol. vi (Jan.-June, 1920) and
Vol ix (July-Dec., 1921).

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THIRD Charlotte Clarke's (rectius Charke's) coal, 393-"They say: what say they? Let them Marionette Theatre Utensils for bleeding Scratch dials Lewin Family Scientists in fiction An eighteenth century slave-owner's estate-Mrs. Outram, 394-Pitt: origin of nameH. Thomson, R.A. Ragnar's Saga wanted, 395.


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NOTES AND QUERIES is published every Friday, at 20, High Street, High Wycombe, Bucks (Telephone: Wycombe 306). Subscriptions (£2 28. a year, U.S.A. $10.50, including postage, two half-yearly indexes and two cloth binding cases, or £1 158. 4d a year, U.S.A. 99, without binding cases) should be sent to the Manager. The London Office is at 14, Burleigh Street, W.C.2 (Telephone: Chancery 8766), where the current issue is on sale. Orders for back numbers, indexes and bound volumes should be sent either to London or to Wycombe; letters for the Editor to the London Office.


THE Cornhill for June contains many of the faits divers apt to enliven a commonplace-book. Dr. Lloyd Praeger contributes an article on deep sea fauna in which-among so many other things he gives a description of the assembling of the eels in the abysses of the Atlantic, where they breed and die, and whence the young work their way by millions 1 into the rivers of the world, and never a young American eel comes to Europe nor a European to America. A newer fact is the explanation of certain curious indented marks on the heads and bodies of sperm-whales; caused, as the remains of new and strange cuttle-fishes in the stomachs of whales virtually prove, by the force of immense suckers applied in fearful fight. Brig.-Gen. H. H. Austen, in When a Boy,' relating experiences of his childhood in India, expresses the opinion that the snake-charmer's cobras have not always, as is popularly supposed, been deprived of the poison fangs, and he relates the extermination of a nest of cobras in the compound of the family dwelling when parents and eight to ten young were destroyed, to the distress of the ayah, who shed bitter tears over them as she clasped their bodies one after the other to her breast. He tells of a curious feat performed at Hindu festivals by men personating tigers, having their faces, bodies and limbs, that is, painted with yellow, green and red stripes. Such a tiger "would stoop down, seize a sheep with his teeth by the skin on the small of its back, lift it bodily from the ground, and with a jerk of his neck and shoulders hurl it high in the air over his head. His mother, travelling unrough India with four small children in bullock-carts, had to cross a region haunted by tigers and thugs. She kept the two babies in the same cart with her, and had the bril

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It is the British-Israel World Federation which has accepted and disseminated the message built into the Great Pyramid." Members of the Federation regard the coming eight years as a period of great importance, and some men believe that they will bring Armageddon. The claim is made that Pyramid chronology is an exact and scientific statement of dates of events, built in stone long before any of them began to happen. There is no proof that the Great Pyramid was built as a monument or tomb; the contention is that it was built under Divine inspiration to give a special message to those peoples of the world who have the inch measure. Anglo-Saxon race uses the inch measure. The Federation teaches that the Anglo-CelticSaxon peoples are descended from Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and are the modern representatives of ancient Israel. The Pyramid inch is said to be the 500-millionth part of the Earth's polar diameter, and the English inch coincides within the limit of half a hair's breadth with the Pyramid inch. The modern Pyramid theory dates back to about 1637, and in 1865 the view was advanced that the passages inside the Pyramid represent prophetic chronology on the scale of one inch to the year and that the Grand Gallery symbolizes the Christian age. This scale of one inch to the year has been applied to a period beginning 4,000 years B.C. and ending on August 1, 1909. From August 2, 1909, the system of measurement has been accelerated to one of a Pyramid inch to an ancient calenlar month of 30 days. It is asserted that the Pyramid system of chronology, fixed by the stars, gave the prophesied Birth and Passion of the Messiah. Proof, it is con

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