« AnteriorContinuar »
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I. Members of Forty-third Congress, ...... 1-3
II. Supplementary Civil Rights Act, . . . ... . • 3~l3
.MEMBERS OF FORTY-THIRD CONGRESS.
The House of Representatives* James G. Blaine, of Maine, Speaker. Edward McPherson, of Pennsylvania, Clerk,
Alabama—Frederick G. Bromberg, James T. Rapier, Charles Pelham, Charles Hays, John H. Caldwell, Joseph H. Sloss, Alexander White, Christopher C. Sheats—8.
Arkansas-^-Asa Hodges, Oliver P. Snyder, Thomas M. Gunter, William J. Hynes—4.
California—Charles Clayton, Horace F. Page, John K. Luttrell, Sherman O. Houghton—4.
Connecticut—Joseph R. Hawley, Stephen W. Kellogg, Henry H. Starkweather, William H. Barnum—4.
Delaware—James R. Lofland—I.
Florida—Josiah T.Walls,William J. Purman*—2.
Georgia—Andrew Sloan, Richard H. Whiteley, Philip Cook, Henry R. Harris, James C. Freeman, James H. Blount, Pierce M. B. Young, Alexander H. Stephens, Hiram P. Bell—9.
Illinois—Bernard G. Caulfield,y Jasper D. Ward, Charles B. Farwell, Stephen A. Ilurlbut, Horatio C. Burchard, John B. Hawley, Franklin Corwin, Greenbury L. Fort, Granville Barrere, William H. Ray, Robert M. Knapp, James C. Robinson, John McNulta, Joseph G. Cannon, John R. Eden, James S. Martin, William R. Morrison, Isaac Clements, Samuel S. Marshall —19.
Indiana—William E. Niblack, Simeon K. Wolfe, William S. Holman, Jeremiah M. Wilson, John Coburn, Morton C. Hunter, Thomas J. Cason, James N. Tyner, John P. C. Shanks, Henry B. Sayler, Jasper Packard, Godlove S. Orth, William Williams—13.
Iowa—George W. McCrary, Aylett R. Cotton, William G. Donnan, Henry O. Pratt, James Wilson, William Loughridge, John A. Kasson, James W. McDill, Jackson Orr—9.
Kansas—David P. Lowe, Stephen A. Cobb, William A. Phillips—3.
Kentucky—Edward Crossland, John Young Brown, Charles W. Milliken, William B. Read, Elisha D. Standiford, William E. Arthur, James B. Beck, Milton J. Durham, George M. Adams, John D. Young—10.
Louisiana\—Effingham Lawrence, Lionel A. Sheldon, Chester B. Darrall, George L. Smith, Frank Morey, George A. Sheridan—6.
Maine—John H. Burleigh, William P. Frye, James G. Blaine, Samuel F. Hersey,$ Eugene Hale—5.
Maryland—Ephraim K. Wilson, Stevenson Archer, William J. O'Brien, Thomas Swann, William J. Albert, Lloyd Lowndes, jr—6.
* Resigned January 25, 1875, to accept a seat m the Legislature of Florida.
f Qualified February t, 1875, to fill the vacancy caused by the death, December 17th, 1874, of Hon. John B. Rice.
% Mr. Lawrence qualified March 3, 1875, in place of J. Hale Sypher, unseated on that day. The House voted down, 87 to 143, a resolution that neither Lawrence nor Sypher had shown himself entitled to the seat; and then adopted without a division a resolution unseating Mr. Sypher. A motion to table the resolution seating Mr. Lawrence was lost, and he was then declared entuled to the seat, 135 to 86. Mr. Sheridan was declared entitled to the seat, without a division, on same day.
g Died February 3, 1875.
Massachusetts—James Buffmton, Benjamin W. Harris, Henry L. Pierce, Samuel Hooper,* Daniel W. Gooch, Benjamin F. Butler, E. Rockwood-Hoar, John M. S. Williams, George F. Hoar, Charles A. Stevens,j* Henry L. Dawes—11.
Michigan—Moses W. Field, Henry Waldron, George Willard, Julius C. Burrows, William
B. Williams, Josiah W. Begole, Omar D. Conger, Nathan B. Bradley, Jay A. Hubbell—9.
Minnesota—Mark H. Dunnell, Horace B. Strait,
John T. Averill—3. Mississippi—Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Albert R.
Howe, Henry W. Barry, Jason Niles, George
C. McKee, John R. Lynch—6.
Missouri—Edwin O. Stanard, Erastus Wells, William H. Stone, Robert A. Hatcher, Richard P. Bland, Harrison E. Havens, Thomas T. Crittenden, Abram Comingo, Isaac C. Parker, Ira B. Hyde, John B. Clark, jr., John M. Glover, Aylett H. Buckner—13.
Nevada—Charles W. Kendall—1.
New Hampshire—William B. Small, Austin F. Pike, Hosea W. Parker—3
New Jersey—John W. Hazelton, Samuel A. Dobbins, Amos Clark, jr., Robert Hamilton, William Walter Phelps, Marcus L. Ward, Isaac W. Scudder—7.
New York—Henry J. Scudder, John G. Schumaker, Simeon B. Chittenden,^ Philip S. Crooke, William R. Roberts, Samuel S. Cox, Thomas J. Creamer, John D. Lawson, Richard Schell, \ Fernando Wood, Clarkson N. Potter, Charles St. John, John O. Whitehouse, David M. DeWitt, Eli Perry, James S. Smart, Robert S. Hale, William A. Wheeler, Henry H. Hathorn, David Wilber, Clinton L. Merriam, Ellis H. Roberts, William E. Lansing, R. Holland Duell, Clinton D. MacDougall, William H. Lamport, Thomas C. Piatt, H. Boardman Smith, Freeman Clarke, George G. Hoskins, Lyman K. Bass, Walter L. Sessions, Lyman Tremain—^.
North Carolina—Clinton L. Cobb, Charles R.
Ohio—Milton Sayler, Henry B. Banning, John
*Died February 14, 1875.
f Qualified January 27, 1875, in place of Alvah Crocker, died December 26, 1874.
# Qualified December 7, 1874, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Hon. David B. Mellish, May 23, 1874.
J Qualified December 7, 1874, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hon. Stewart L. Woodford, Sept. 30, 1874.
|j Qualified December 7, 1874, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Hon. Hugh J. Jewett, October 1, 1874.
Pennsylvania—Samuel J. Randall, Charles O'Neill, Leonard Myers, William D. Kelley, Alfred C. Harmer, James S. Biery, Washington Townsend, Hiester Clymer, A. Herr Smith, John W. Killinger, John B. -Storm, Lazarus D. Shoemaker, James D. Strawbridge, John B. Packer, John A. Magee, John Cessna, R. Milton Speer, Sobieski Ross, Carlton B. Curtis, Hiram L. Richmond, Alexander W. Taylor, James S. Negley, John M. Thompson,* William S. Moore, Lemuel Todd, Charles Albright, Glenni W. Scofield—27.
Rhode Island—Benjamin T. Eames, James M. Pendleton—2.
South Carolina—Joseph LI. Rainey, Alonzo J. Ransier, L. Cass Carpenter,f Alexander S. Wallace, Richard H. Gain—5.
Tennessee—Roderick R. Butler, Jacob M. Thornburgh, William Crutchfield, John M. Bright, Horace H. Harrison, Washington C. Whitthorne, John D. C. Atkins, David A. Nunn, Barbour Lewis, Horace Maynard—10.
Texas—William S. Herndon, William P. McLean, De Witt C. Giddings, John Hancock, Ro'ger Q. Mills, 'Asa H. Willie—6.
Vermont— Charles W. Willard, Luke P. Poland, George W. Hendee—3.
Virginia—James B. Sener, James H. Piatt, jr., J. Ambler Smith, William H. H. Stowell, Christopher Y. Thomas, Thomas Whitehead, John T. Harris, Eppa Hunton, Rees T. Bowen
West Virginia—John J. Davis, J. Marshall Hagans, Frank Hereford—3.
Wisconsin—-Charles G. ' Williams, Gerry W.
Delegates From Territories.
Whole number of Representatives , 292
THE SUPPLEMENTARY CIY1L RIGHTS BILL
[For previous votes on this subject see Mcpherson's Hand-Book of Politics for 1874, pp. 205-209.]
Forty-third Congress—Second. 'Session.
1875, January 25—Mr. Benjamin F. Butler moved that the rules be so suspended that the bill of the Senate known as the civil-rights bill (S. No. 1) be taken from the Speakers table for consideration at the present time, and so continuously until a final disposition shall be had thereof; and that no dilatory motion, save a single motion to adjourn, be allowed, until such bill and any amendments allowed thereto have been finally disposed of.
Which was decided in the negative—yeas 147, nays 93, not voting 48 (two-thirds not having voted in the affirmative), as follow:
Yeas—Messrs. Albright, Averill, Barber, Barrere, Barry, Bass, Begole, Biery, Bradley, Buffinton, Bundy, H. C. Burchard, Burleigh, Burrows, B. F. Butler, Cain, Cannon, Carpenter, Cason, Cessna, Chittenden, A. Clark, jr., Clayton, Clements, C. L. Cobb, S. A. Cobb, Coburn, Conger, Corwin, Cotton, Crooke, Crounse, Crutchfield, Curtis, Darrall, Dawes, Dobbins, Donnan,
Duell, Dunnell, Eames, Farwell, Fort, Foster, Garfield, Gooch, Gunckel, Hagans, E. Hale, R. S. Hale, B. W. Harris, Hathorn, J. B. Hawley, J R. Hawley, Hays, G. W. Hazelton, J. W. Hazelton, E. R. Hoar, Hodges, Hoskins, Houghton, Howe, Hubbell, Hunter, Hurlbut, Hynes, Kasson, Kelley, Kellogg, Lamport, W. Lawrence, Lawson, B. Lewis, Loughridge, Lowe, Lynch, Martin, McCrary, J. W. McDill, McKee, McNulta, Merriam, Monroe, Morey, Myers, Negley, Niles, O'Neill, Orr, Orth, Packard, Page, I. C. Parker, R. C. Parsons, Pelham, Pendleton, W. A. Phillips, Pierce, T, C. Piatt, Poland, Pratt, Rainey, Ransier, Rapier, \V. H. Ray, Richmond, E. H. Roberts, J. W. Robinson, S. Ross, Rusk, H. B. Sayler, Scofield, I. W. Scudder, Sessions, Shanks, Sherwood, L. D. Shoemaker, W. B. Small, Smart, A. H. Smith, H. B. Smith, J. Q. Smith, Snyder, Sprague, Starkweather, Strawbridge, Taylor, C. R. Thomas, J. M. Thompson, Todd, W. Townsend, Tremain, Tyner, Waldron, A. S. Wallace, J. D. Ward, M. L. Ward, Whiteley, Wilber, C. W. Willard, G. Willard, C. G. Williams, J. S. Williams, W. Williams, W. B. Williams, J. Wilson, J. M. Wilson—147.
Nays.—Messrs. G. M\ Adams, Archer, Arthur, Ashe, Atkins, Banning, Beck, H. P. Bell, Berry, Bland, Blount, Bowen, Bright, Bromberg, J. Y. Brown, Buckner, R. R. Butler, J. H. Caldwell, J. B. Clark, jr., Clymer, Comiftgo, Cook, Cox, Creamer, Crittenden, Crossland, John J. Davis, DeWitt, Durham, Eden, Finck, Giddings, Glover, Gunter, P. Hamilton, Hancock, H. R. Harris, J. T. Harris, H. H. Harrison, Hatcher, Hereford, Herndon, Holman, Hunton, Hyde, Lamar% Lamison, Leach, Lofland, Lowndes, Luttrell, Magee, Maynard, McLean, Milliken, Mills, Morrison, Neal, Niblack, O'Brien, H. W: Parker, Perry, C. N. Potter, Randall, Read, W. M. Robbins, M. Sayler, Schell, Sener, Sheats, Sloan, Sloss, J. A. Smith, Southard, Speer, Stanard, Standiford, A. H. Stephens, Stone, Storm, Strait, Swann, Thornburgh, R. B. Vance, Waddell, E. Wells, Whitehead, Whitthome, Willie, Wolfe, F. Wood, J. D. Voting, P. M. B. Young—93.
January 27—Mr. Benjamin F. Butler called up the motion to reconsider the vote whereby the bill (H. R. No. 796) reported by him from the Judiciary Committee, Dec. 18, 1873, was on January 7, 1874, recommitted to the Committee on the Judiciary.
Mr. Randall raised the question of consideration, upon which the yeas and nays were ordered—pending which he moved that the House adjourn, and also that when the House adjourns it adjourn to meet on Friday next.
Mr. Eldredge moved to amend by striking out Friday and inserting Saturday.
Motions of this sort were repeated, and the yeas and nays called seventy-seven times in a continuous session of forty-six hours and a half, the House adjourning at ten o'clock and twentyfive minutes, A. M., January 29.
February 1—The rules of the House were, after a struggle, amended so as to cut off "dilatory motions" after a certain point.
February 3—The question recurring on the question of consideration of the motion to reconsider, it was agreed to—yeas 148, nays 91, not voting 51.
The motion to reconsider the vote of recommitment was then agreed to—yeas 151, nays 93, not voting 46.
The text of the bill is as follows:
That all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States shall be entitled to the full and equal enjoyment of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, and privileges of inns, public conveyances on land or water, theaters, and other places of public amusement; and also of common schools u.nd public institutions of learning or benevolence supported, in whole or in part, by general taxation, and also the institutions known as agricultural colleges endowed by the United States; subject only to the conditions and limitations established by law, and applicable . alike to citizens of every race and color, regardless of any previous condition of servitude: Provided, That if any State, or the proper authorities in any State having the control of common schools or other public institutions of learning aforesaid, shall establish and maintain separate schools and institutions, giving equal educational advantages in all respects, for different classes of persons entitled to attend such schools and institutions, such schools and institutions shall be a sufficient compliance with the provisions of this section, so far as they relate to schools and institutions of learning.
Sec. 2. That any person who shall violate the
foregoing section by denying to any citizen, except for reasons by law applicable to citizens of every race and color, and regardless of any previous condition of servitude, the full enjoyment of any of the accommodations, advantages, facilities, or privileges in said section enumerated, or by aiding or inciting such denial, shall, for every such offense, forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred dollars to the person aggrieved thereby, to be recovered in an action of debt, with full costs • and shall also, for every such offense, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars, or shall be imprisoned not less than thirty days nor more than one year: Provided, That all persons may elect to sue for the penalty aforesaid or to proceed under their rights at common law and by State statutes; and having so elected to proceed in the one mode or the other, their right to proceed in the other jurisdiction shall be barred. But this proviso shall not apply to criminal proceedings, either under this act or the criminal law of any State : And provided further, That a judgment for the penalty in favor of the party aggrieved, or a judgment upon an indictment, shall be a bar to either prosecution respectively.
Sec, 3. That the district and circuit courts of the United States shall have, exclusively of the courts of the several States, cognizance of all crimes and offenses against, and violations of, the provisions of this act; and actions for the penalty given by the preceding section may be prosecuted in the territorial, district, or circuit courts of the United States wherever the defendant may be found, without regard to the other party. And the district attorneys, marshals, and deputy marshals of the United States, and commissioners appointed by the circuit and territorial courts of the United States, with powers of arresting and imprisoning or bailing offenders against the laws of the United States, are hereby specially authorized and required to institute proceedings against every person who shall violate the provisions of this act, and cause him to be arrested and imprisoned or bailed, as the case may be, for trial before such court of the United States or territorial court as by law has cognizance of the offense, except in respect of the right of action accruing to the person aggrieved; and such district attorneys shall cause such proceedings to be prosecuted to their termination as in other cases: Provided, That nothing contained in this section shall be construed to deny or defeat any right of civil action accruing to any person, whether by reason of this act or otherwise. And any' district attorney who shall willfully fail to institute and prosecute the proceedings herein required shall, for every such offense, forfeit and pay the sum of five hundred dollars to the person aggrieved thereby, to be recovered by an action of debt, with full costs, and shall, on conviction thereof, be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and be fined not less than one thousand nor more than five thousand dollars: And provided further, That a judgment for the penalty in favor of the party aggrieved against any such district attorney, or a judgment upon an indictment against any such district attorney, shall be a bar to either prosecution respectively.