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neral, and in particular their own every man, who has at all signa. countrymen, out of the taxes ex- lized himself as an oppressor or acted from whom they are paid robber of the people. I need not

ihe amount of that hire?. . say, that the editor is rewarded. - The two principal Magazines He is one of the governnent print

are the “ Gentlemen's," and the ers, with a profit, perhaps, of two '" Monthly,”, the independence of or three thousand pounds a year, which laiter, after having cost the which profits he would instantly editor, Sir Richard Phillips, a lose if one article in his Magazine large portion of all he possessed were hostile to his employers. in the world, after having brought The other Magazines, of which . upon him all the weight of Bank there is a rabble too numerous and Government persecution, has even to naine, are all more or less still been upheld, the weight of under a similar influence. One talent and of useful matter being inserts all the articles that the too great to be overcome even by Bank wishes to have published; such weighty means. This work another is devoted to the Admi. has a wide circulation and numer- ralty; another to the East India ous readers; and though it is a Company; another to the puritars kind of work for which I myself in the Church; another to those have not much taste, I venture to out of the Church ; another to the say, that any one who wishes to princes and princesses, and so on; receive an English Magazine, will, there being, I verily believe, not in this, find a great deal of enter- one, which is not under undue in. : taiment, much really curious and fluence of some sort or other, ex. useful matter, perfect impartiality, cept that of Sir Richard Phillips, with no bad principle, and as much and that is under the influence of good as the editor dares to put in fear of the Church and of the print:

i 'Treasury, the Attorney General The Gentleman's MAGAZINE being always at hand to answer, js principally in the hands of the in the most conclusive manner, Church, and slavish to the last de- any thing that Sir Richard may gree. It is, however, as stupid as incautiously publish to the prejuit is slavish. It appears, when dice of either of these precious you look into it without attending establishments.''! to dates and names, to have been To expose all the particular written in the time of Laud or acts of corruption, appertaining Jeffries. There is little of vio- to the press, is a task not to be lence in it; but, monk-like, when- ' performed in a narrow space. To ever it deviates from downright assert without stating particulars, dullness, it is only to discover its would be unsatisfactory.“ For the malignity towards toleration and facts, which 1 state, I pledge my, freedom. A great part of its pages self; and, therefore, I will state are filled with an account of deaths, no fact, on this, or on any other which is written in a style to ren- subject, which has not come withder even the king of terrors more in my own knowledge, or which is than ordinarily terrific; yet, the not as notorious in England as the work is here true to its principles. burning of the buildings at WashIn this list of the exploits of death ingtou is notorious in America. is eulogized to the third heaven, To render my siatement useful it

must be precise and full;, and, sary to do something in order to therefore, for the present, I m445! choke off this ferocious enemy of confine myself to much fewer in. Cupid. After a long negotiation, stance: than I intended when I during which the virtue of Benja. began this article, with a promise, field struggled against the wiles however, to re'urn to the subject of the little god, the latter, find. on some future occasion.

ing blandishments to be of no That amours of our great men avail, levelled at his antagonist are sometimes pretty handsomely' an annuity of three hundred a year paid for by the people has been for life, besides the purchase mo. clearly shown in the history of ney of the Morning Pest, and a the Duke of York and Mrs. Clarke, commission as a Justice of the in the pensions which sve now pay Peace in the county of Suffolk. to the natural children of the late This triple-headed arrow brought Mr. Fox, and to the daughter of down the virtue of Benjafield, who Lord Dunmore, (Lady Augusta thus became a country Squire, Murray,) who was married ille- soon married a rich lady, in the gally by the Duke of Sussex, same county, and' got possession which are three instances out of of a fine estate. Fortunately for perhaps, hundreds, that might be him, as he thought, but unfortu. pointed out with time for the task, nately as it finally proved, the and materials at hand.

lady had a relative (also with a But the case I am going to men- good estate) who became insane, tion, is, one connected with the and as she was his nearest of kin, press, and, therefore, claiming a Benjafield, in her right, put in his place here.

claim to have the care of this inAt the time when the amour be. sane person, and to manage his tween the Prince of Wales and Mrs. estate for him. The other relaFisherbert was at its height, the tives not relishing this, applied to Morning Post newspaper levelled, the Court of Chancery to set this very frequently, a paragraph at claim aside, upon the ground the lady's reputation. That pa- that Benjafield was a person per was under the control chiefly of fruil virtue ; in support of of a man named Benjafreld. Many which they brought forward those attempts were made io soften the proofs of the victory of Cupid asperity of this gentleman; but, above-mentioned. The Lord he heing, like Fielding's post. Chancellor decided in fayour of chaise boy, a person of high vir- the applicants. But, this decitue, that is to say, of virtue of

sion, being contrary to the usual high price, he persevered in his cruel inuendoes. It became, at custom, excited curiosity in Suflast, however, absolutely neces. folk; curiosity led to inquiry;

the facts became known, and ous act of making such a man a some gentlemen of fortune and Justice of the Peace, possessing spirit, Justices of the Peace, re.

such vast powers as Justices of

Peace' now possess in England; fused to sit on the same bench

powers extending to fine, to imwith Benjafield, who was thus,

prison, and even to transport. in some sort, banished to his es. There are still some Gentlemen tate.' A very short paragraph, left in this station, of which we mentioning this occurrence, ap- have a proof in the refusal to 'sit peared in the County Herald,

with Benjafield; but, I leave the

reader to judge of the profligacy, published by a Mr. Wheble.

the insolence, the contempt of all . Benjafield (it was in 1812) brought moral considerations and of pub. an action against Mr. Wheble. lic opinion, at which the governThe latter pleaded in justification ; ment must be arrived before it he summoned Lord Moira and could think of delegating such exothers as witnesses, who proved

tensive powers over the property

and persons of the people to such the truth of all the facts; and

a man as Benjafield. . having employed a spirited young

As a sort of companion piece to barrister whose name was Holt, Benin field. I will take the Reverend he gave Benjafield and the Bate Dudlen.

ne | Bate Dudley. This gentleman started whole creir such a 'drub-in public life as the editor of a paper, ing, that the jury, which was called The World. IIc wrote scándalcomposed of London Merchants, ous articles against Lady Strathmore, and not of the hired special men who had refusca the addresses of a Mr. of Middlesex, gave a verdict for' Bowes. Bowes challenged the Reverthe defendant, in spite of a posi- end Editor to fight a duel, which the tive charge of the Judge to find latter accepted. They fought. Forfor the plaintiff.

tunately no lives were lost, and Bowes But, what is the result? The got lady Strathmore, or, rather, her annuity was to be paid by the fortune, as the price of his gallantry Prince; and, as the parliament

in defence of her reputation. The voted the payment of his debts out

villain, unable to strip the lady of her

last guinca, usel'her in a very brutal of the public money, this annuity,

manner, for which he was imprisoneg being one of those debts, actually | for want of bail, and in prison continues to be paid by the people ended his infamous life. The Reveto this day. This, however, bad rend Gentleman continued with great as it is, falls short of the outrage- suceess his trade in paragraphs; and desirous, apparently, of redeeming in and a Buronet of the United Kingsome degree, the pledge lie had so- dom; and, just, at this time, Gamble lemnly given at his ordination, when died, thereby surrendering to him poskr declared that he “ felt himself calledl session of his rich living at Bradwell * by the Holy Ghost to enter on the iü Essex. Thus is this notorious "cure of souls," he purchased a living priest, this reverend duellist, this ia, the County of Essex, where, in partisan of the basest injustice and consequence of the loyaliy of his paper, cruelty, become, solely through then become the Morning Heralit, the means of a newspaper, devoted the goveroment made him a Justice of without any reserve to the government, the Peace. Thus busily employed in the possessor of two livings, à Digni. taking care both of souls and bodies tary in the Church of England, a in Essex, and in inculoating loyalty in Justice of the Peuce, and a Baronet, London, what was his surprise to find the last being a hereditary title, and, that the Bishop of London had dis- of course, to descend to his heirs. covered the purchase of his living to Now, without goiug into more par. Liave been a siinonicul contract. ticulars at present, is it possible for any Ile was conipelled, for the life of just man to say, that these facts ought

muot to be know it to the world? the next possessor, to give up the

Will any Englishman, who shall read living, the bishop, Porteus, being in to this, say, that it ought not to be orable, and the Duke of York wanting inade public? And will any man, with the living for his chaplain, Gamble. pretensions to common sense, profesa The Reverend Rector, thus rob. to believę, tiyat a press thys sustained, bed of his living


or in

fact, thus, infuencell, thus rewarded, is noi

Torre of the greatest scourges that ever it was a robbery under the pretext

pretext was inflicted on a nation ? And yet, I of sanctity) for the life of Gamble, I am sorry to sce, because it is a reproach when it would revert to him or his " to America, that there are not wantheirs, set to work to seek a compen ing writers in that country, to join our sation. He first obtained a good liv. insulting oppressors in censuring and

calumniating those who fall under ing in Ireland; but having taken in his

their grasp, and who are punished Lewspaper, a decided part against the without mercy for endeavouriog to · Princess of Wales, in the last grand arrest this torrent of corruption and dispute; having blackened her and tyranny. WM, COBBETT. vigtended her husband through thick.

'] Error in No. 21. The line at the od thin, he became a visitor at Carl. 1.

| bottom of column 661 ought to have 101? linuse ;. Was made an Archietigon come in between the two bottom lines in Ireland, époor, insulted Ireland) of the succeeding column.''

Entered at Stationers' ball. Punted and Publinband by and for WM. JACKSON, No. 11, Newcastle Street, Strand, and

Suld I lule ale and Retail, No. 19%, Strand, London...

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LETTER III. ' resolved to enter on it; for, I have To Messrs. Benbow, Evans Senr. no notion of putting off the matter EVANS JUNR. JOHN' Roberts,

'till all is ruined by confusion. You John Smith, Francis WARD, recollect how the infamous petty, John Jonson, John KNIGHT, tyrants, the Noblesse of France : SAMUEL BROWN, John BaguellY; acted. The moment they found, AND THE REST OF Those, who that they could no longer keep the . HAVE ACTED THE SAME NOBLE | people in the state of cattle, they :PART.

resolved to tear the country to

pieces ; and, there is now no doubt : North Hampstead, Long Island, ; in the mind of any well-informed,

9th April, 1818 1 man, that it was they, aided by: FRIENDS AND Fellow-COUN- English gold, the fruit of the peo.

ple's labour, who set to work In my two former Letters, ROBESPIERRE and most of the addressed to you, I have caught at rest of the savages who disgraced objects as they arose before me, the French Revolution. - My wish rather than aimed at any thing is, and I know it is yours, that we like a regular train of arguing. may obtain our just rights, wilhout It is my intention to submit to any other change. But, as I, for you, as fully as my time will per- | one, am resolved to have those mit, and as clearly as my head rights, or to die during my will enable me, the thoughts efforts to obtain them, I think which I entertain' on the sub- it prudent to be prepared for ject of that important Right, the all contingencies; and, as I have Right of Resisting Oppression, thought a great deal upon the and also upon the means of Re subject of the means of preventsistance, lawful' and proper to be ing any villains from playing the used by those who are oppressed. part in England, which the. NoAnd, in addition, I shall, before blesse played in France, I will I have concluded my correspon- frankly and undisguisedly put dence, or, rather series, lay be those thoughts upon paper. Some fore you my ideas respecting what people will call this a very imought to be done, when the day of prudent step; but, there may be

freedom and justice shalb arrive. | cases, when to be frank is the • Ticklish as this subject is, I am height of prudence; and this is,

Printed by W. Jackson, 11, Newcastle-street, Strand.

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