The floral calendar, monthly and daily: with miscellaneous details relative to plants and flowers, gardens and greenhouses, horticulture and botany, aviaries, &c. &c

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F.W. Calder, 1839 - 156 páginas
 

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Página 135 - Let it suffice, that in Germany and the Tyrol, from whence the rest of Europe is principally supplied, the apparatus for breeding canaries is both large and expensive. A large building is erected for them, with a square space at each end, and holes communicating with these spaces. In these outlets are planted such trees as the birds prefer. The bottom is strewed with sand, on which is cast rapeseed, chickweed, and such other food as they like. Throughout the inner compartment, which is kept dark,...
Página 96 - As to the spreading out the leaves and flowers with small weights, penny pieces, &c., it is quite needless. The leaves and flowers are best displayed by nature in the state in which you gather them, and they will require little or no assistance with the hand, when laid out upon papers, to appear to the best advantage, especially if put in carefully on being fresh gathered. If the specimens cannot be laid down immediately on being...
Página 97 - The greater number of cryptogamic plants may be dried in the common way, such mosses as grow in tufts being separated by the hand. But both mosses and lichens, as they can at any future time be expanded by damping, may be dried by the traveller without pressure, and put up, either each species separately or several together, in small canvas or paper bags, carefully marking the place of growth and the date when gathered.
Página 97 - Seeds, whether for examination or intended to be sown, should be gathered perfectly ripe, put up in brown paper bags, and kept dry in a box. With the specimens, fruits and seeds, there should be slips of paper, on which are to be written the uses, native names, and general appearance of the plant, whether herbaceous, a shrub, or tree, its sensible qualities, and the colour and form of the flowers; its situation, if dry or damp, the nature of the soil, the elevation above sea level, and the date when...
Página 96 - Blotting paper, however, especially in warmer climates, would absorb the moisture too rapidly, and by repeated damping and drying would soon be rendered useless. Two boards should be provided, — one for the top, and the other for the bottom of the mass of papers. For pressure at home, or when stationary for any length of time in a given spot, nothing serves better than a weight of any kind (a folio book...
Página 95 - This is a much simpler process than is generally imagined by those unpractised in it, and travellers have been often deterred from collecting specimens by the time and trouble required for preparing them in the way that has by many been recommended. The chief circumstances to be attended to are, to preserve specimens of plants in such a manner that the moisture may be quickly absorbed, the...
Página 96 - Whilst travelling, three leathern straps with buckles should be procured ; two to bind the boards transversely, and one longitudinally. It will be further desirable to have a number of pieces of pasteboard of the same size as the paper, to separate different portions of the collection, either such...
Página 99 - Kngland, the plants were all in beautiful health, and had grown to the full height of the case, the leaves pressing against the glass. In dry weather I always observed moisture within the glass, which was caused, no doubt, by the evaporation of the earth, and was again absorbed by the plants. It is difficult to account for the perfect health of the plants, without the full admission of the atmosphere ; but oxygen sufficient was probably admitted, either through the pores of the wood, or otherwise....
Página 97 - Pulpy fruits are only to be preserved in spirits, or in pyroligneons acid diluted in the proportion of eight parts of water to one of the concentrated acid. In all cases the separate fruits, whether dry or preserved in a fluid, should have a number attached to them, referring to the flowering specimens...
Página 36 - Places are not to be laid out with a view to their appearance in a picture, but to their uses, and the enjoyment of them in real life...

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