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TO TIME.

languages; and why should we not give and define the exact meaning and use of The funeral train has long past on, them as high a rank as the four mixed every word. We advise such instructers to And time wiped dry the father's tear! tenses which we now adopt? The Arauca- learn first to define every word in the situa

Farewell,- lost maiden!-there is one

That mourns thee yet,--and he is here. nian, a language more regular in its forma- tion in which stands, and to parse it first by

H. W. L. tion, and more copious than almost any itself; let the scholar be taught to do the other, has nine tenses formed by established same; and then we care not how many variations of the verb.itself. We can trans- combinations and groups are formed, nor

THE RESTORATION OF ISRAEL. late all these into English, as easily as we whether any thing more is done than to Mountains of Israel! rear on high can translate the Latin tenses; but this decide to what part of speech a whole book Your summits crowned with verdure new, furnishes no reason for making nine English belongs.

W. And spread your branches to the sky, tenses, while our verbs cannot express them

Refulgent with celestial dew.

O'er Jordan's stream of gentle flow; by regular variations of their form.

And Judah's peaceful vallies smile, All our grammarians contend that the

And far reflect the lovely glow first and great division of tenses is into pres

POETRY.

Where ocean's waves incessant toil. ent, past, and future; but they go on the false principle of making metaphysical tenses, or

See where the scattered tribes return; tenses of sense, instead of verbal tenses, or O thou, whose awful wings unfurled

Their slavery is burst at length, those formed by variations of the verb it.

Across the waste of darkness brood,

And purer flames to Jesus burn, self. If this general division be adopted,

And sweep along the subject world

And Zion girds on her new strength: while auxiliaries are required to express the

With desolating progress rude!

New cities bloom along the plain,
Why wend'st thou on thy dreary flight

New temples to Jehovah rise, future tense, authority is certainly given for So swiftly down the stream of years,

The kindling voice of praise again forming an infinite number of tenses as sub- Dark in thy course as death and night,

Pours its sweet anthems to the skies. divisions. We are aware that we shall be And heedless of thy victim's tears.

The fruitful fields again are blest, considered as inordinately heretical in re

Sweep on,-sweep on! thine awful course

And yellow harvests smile around; Secting the future tense; but we will ac

Soon, soon shall end in fearful gloom,

Sweet scenes of heavenly joy and rest, knowledge our error, when it shall be

And thy last echoes wild and hoarse

Where peace and innocence are found ! shown, that English verbs have any form Be heard o'er nature's final tomb!

The bloody sacrifice no more for denoting future time. The considera- Then must thou curb thy daring wing,

Shall smoke upon the altars high, tion, that the common division of time is

And furl thy pinions in dismay;

But ardent hearts, from hill to shore Creation's dying shriek shall sing

Send grateful incense to the sky! into present, past, and future, has satisfied

The dirge, that tells thy fading day. grammarians, that our verbs must mark this

The jubilee of man is near, division ; but they might with equal pro- Child of eternity! once more

When earth, as heaven, shall own His reign; priety have decided, that our verbs have Shalt thou take refuge in its breast,

He comes, to wipe the mourner's tear, 25567tenses, because that is the number Aud on that undistinguished shore

And cleanse the heart from sin and paio. of days in a man's life, who lives three score

Thy glories and thy power shall rest!

Praise him, ye tribes of Israel! praise Lost in the wild and boundless sea

The king that ransomed you from wo: and ten years. If we are to estimate the

That ne'er may feel or tide or fow,

Nations! the hymn of triumph raise, number of tenses by the number of imagin- What hope shall then remain to thee

And bid the song of rapture flow! able periods of time in which an action may Stretched by the latest tempest's blow.

E-N. be done, how many shall we have?

Secure from thee and all thy powers
It is not necessary to add to these re-
Shall man pursue the endless years;

INTELLIGENCE.
marks on tenses, for every one is compe- When bliss shall crown his glorious hours,
tent to apply the principle wbich we have Or darkness whelm him with her fears.
stated, by rejecting from bis system of pars- Eternity of joy shall bloom
ing, all combinations of terms, whether they Throughout His boundless, endless reign;

Since our previous notices of this noble

E'er hell shall ope her central gloom, be of the same or of different names, and

man, Mr Hobhouse bas published a pamphlet

A long eternity of pain ! parsing every word by itself. If the scholar

E-N.

in contradiction to many circumstances in understand the meaning of his sentence, he

Capt. Medwin's book, and in a “Narrative will always know whether the time de

of Lord Byron's Voyage to Sicily, Corsica, scribed or implied be present, past, or fu- DIRGE OVER A NAMELESS GRAVE. and Sardinia, in 1821, in the Mazeppa.” It ture, and will generally have occasion to By yon still river, where the wave

is melancholy to observe how little faith mark it with even greater precision ; but Is winding slow at evening's close, can be put in any thing published to gratify let himn not be taxed with the vain effort to The beech, upon a nameless grave,

public curiosity. Mr Shelley, who is redetermine the time by the conjugation of

Its sadly-moving shadow throws.

ported to have been converted in a storm the verb. The simple form of the verb or O'er the fair woods the sun looks down at sea, on board Lord Byron's yacht, "the indefinite present, is to be distinguished Upon the many-twinkling leaves,

Mazeppa," is proved never to have been at from the declension or indefinite past; and

And twilight's mellow shades are brown,

sea with Lord Byron in his life; Lord the present and past participles are to be

Where darkly the green turf upheaves.

Byron never to have had a yacht called distinguished in the same manner. What

The river glides in silence there,

“ the Mazeppa”-and, moreover, no yacht is called the compound perfect participle, And hardly waves the sapling tree : whatever at the time mentioned. and all the compounded tenses and parti- Sweet flowers are springing, and the air Capt. Medwin makes Lord Byron say, ciples should be entirely rejected.

Is full of balm,- but where is she ! “I have been concerned in many duels as In closing these remarks, we will antici

*They bade her wed a son of pride,

second; but only two as principal; one was "pate one objection which will be felt by And leave the hopes she cherished long : with Hobhouse, before I became intiinate many teachers, even if they do not choose She loved but one, - and would not bide with him.” Mr Hobhouse declares he neyto express it. In order to parse in the man- A love which knew no wrong.

er sought a duel with Lord Byron; and ner we have recommended, every term must

And months went sadly on--and years :

not only that, but that Lord Byron never be well understood, and this will require a And she was wasting day by day:

fought a duel with any body. The above measure of knowledge rarely possessed. To At length she died, and many tears

may serve as specimens of flat contradic- , cast several words into a group, and give

Were shed, that she should pass away. tion. them a name which will denoie only the

The story told by Lord Byron to Capt.

Then came a gray old man, and knelt use which they serve collectively, is the

With bitter weeping by her tomb:

Medwin, concerning the duel between constant resort of those who are too igno

And others mourned for him, who felt

Capt. Stackpoole and a Lieutenant, has also rant or too lazy to analyze the sentence That he had sealed a daughter's doom. been publicly contradicted by some friend

LORD BYRON.

a

non.

ROYAL CORRESPONDENCE.

of the former, and its misstatements ex- we come to add to the list of London pa- j quite applicable to the purposes of warfare. posed.

pers, those which are printed in the coun. It is asserted that a thirty-six pounder, with

try, and in Ireland and Scotland, we shall all its apparatus, steam boiler, generator, LORD BYRON'S SPEECHES.

find the account still more euormous. The &c., may be drawn about a field of battle, The parliamentary speeches of Lord By- number of these may be taken broadly at by four or five horses, and discharged with ron have been printed from copies prepar- two hundred and thirty-five, most of which fifty times the rapidity of an ordinary cancd by his Lordship for publication. They appear once a week, a few daily, and some The Greek Committee, it is stated, are only three. The first delivered 27th twice or thrice a week. Sometimes there were very anxious to obtain a few of Mr February, 1812, on the “ Frame-work bill," are two hundred and forty provincial pa- Perkin's steam-cannons, for the purpose of which he characterized as “ fit only to be pers, at others two hundred and thirty; enabling the Greeks to hasten the surrencarried into effect by a jury of butchers we take the average, therefore, at two hun. der of Patras and the other fortresses in with a Judge Jeffreys to direct them;" the dred and thirty-five; but from the increas- Greece which are held by the Turks; but next, April 21, of the same year, on the ing intellectual wants of the people, we it is said they were prevented from obtainEarl of Donoughmore’s motion on the may safely expect that the number will ing them by a treaty between Mr Perkins Catholic claims ; and the other on present- soon be two hundred and fifty. Each of and our ministry, for the exclusive right to ing Major Cartwright's petition for parlia. these papers has an editor or publisher, these tremendous engines of destruction.

and from three to six men and boys as com- It is said that Lord Gambier has reported mentary reform.

positors and pressmen. The weekly amount most favourably of them to government, of salaries paid, upon these establishments, and that they will speedily be adopted !!!"

must be about 18001., or 92,000l. annually ; If we make due allowance for the few Hugh Campbell, LL. D. &c., the illustra. and the other expenses of the establish- little words we have italicised in the above tor of Ossian's Poems, is about publishing ments may be about 10001. weekly or notice, it will not seem very strange, if in the Love Letters of Mary, Queen of Scots, 52,0001. annually, all of course exclusive of the end, the virtues of this celebrated ento James, Earl of Bothwell; with her love sonnets and marriage contracts (being the circulation of the newspapers.

stamps and paper. We now come to the gine should be found to exist principally in

The daily report. long missing originals from the gilt casket); morning and evening papers, with those forming a complete history of the origin of published twice or three times in the week, the Scottish Queen's woes and trials before amount to at least 40,000 daily, or 240,000

NOTICE. Queen Elizabeth.

weekly, and the Sunday papers to between THE UNITED STATES LITERARY
50 and 60,000, making, altogether, about

GAZETTE,
NEWSPAPERS IN GREAT BRITAIN,

300,000 weekly. Many of the country news- beginning with the Second Volume, will be It is not an extreme calculation to state papers publish two or three thousand copies, published in a new form. The proprietors that there are, upon the eight morning pa- but others not more than four or five hun will spare no expense and the editors no pers, and the six evening papers published dred. Considering, however, that several in London, at least one hundred and twenty pear more than once a week, we do not prob- exertions to make the work deserve a conliterary gentlemen, receiving weekly sala-ably exaggerate, if we say that they throw tinnance of the generous public patronage ries to the amount of 6001. exclusive of off weekly 200,000 copies, making, altogeth- it has already received. those who are paid for their communica- er, 500,000 copies. Of this number, of tions. If to the daily papers we add about course, some thousands go abroad, but they TO CORRESPONDENTS. forty, Sunday papers, and papers published amount to but little compared with the twice or thrice during the week, we shall

J-E is informed that his poem, called "The gross circulation.

Five hundred thousand make a weekly sum total, for literary ser- copies require one thousand reams of paper,

Sisters" has not been received by the editor. vices upon the establishments, exclusive of which, on an average of 358. per ream,

Has HENRY forgotten his promises ? what is paid for in another way, of about would make 1750l. weekly, or 91.0001. per 10001.; and if we add, to this amount, the annum. Thus we have expended by the sums paid by the whole of them, to printers, London press annually,

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS publishers, and others in the waxcreme or Exclusive of stamps and 200,0001. salaryan of

paper, 15001., making a weekly sum of 25001., By the provincial press do. 93,6001. By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.-Boston. or 130,000l. per annum, paid by the Lon- Paper

91,0001. don newspaper press, in salaries only: 500,000 stamps 336,666l. 13s. 4d. Life of General Lafayette. From the North Ameri

Outlines of the Principal Events in the and to this we may add, at least 1,2001.

can Review. weekly, or 62,4001. per annum, for the re

721,2661. 138. 4d. Dalzel's Collectanea Græca Majora. maining expenses, exclusive of stamps and

We have here more than 700,0001. exclu- Stereotype edition. paper, making altogether nearly 200,0001. sive of advertisements, expended by the

Triumphs of Liberty; the Prize Ode, per annum. With respect to the number of persons employed upon the London news

newspaper press, annually, of which about recited by Mr Finn, at the Boston Theatre, on the papers, direcily and indirectly, taking in and the excise duty on paper.

360,0001.
go to the government for stamps 1825. By Ebenezer Bailey.

anniversary of Washington's Birth-day, Feb. 22, editors, reporters, publishers, printers, press

Revised Testament. The New Testamen, and others, deriving from them their

ment of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; in

which the Text of the Common Version is divided subsistence, we are quite able to state it, at the very lowest, at fifteen hundred, many

The biblical world is at present occupied

into paragraphs, the punctuation in many cases alof whom derive emoluments which enable in the investigation of a Hebrew roll of tered, and soine words not in the original expunged. them to live as gentlemen, whilst none are great antiquity, found in a vessel captured without a handsome competence; for it is a þy the Greeks, which roll has recently By T. P. & J. S. Fowle-Boston. fact, that, in no employment are persons paid been brought to England. The enormous American First Class Book. By John more liberally than upon newspapers. The sum of twelve hundred and fifty pounds has Pierpont, author of " Airs of Palestine, " c. Seve compositors bave, upon morning papers, been asked for this relic; half that amonnt enth edition from a new set of stereotype plates.

The Rational Guide to Reading and Oreach A. 8s. weekly, and upon evening pa- is said to have been offered for it by an

thography. By William B. Fowle. pers, 21. 38. 6d.; and the pressmen are paid eminent Hebrew capitalist.

Chambaud's French Fables, new edition. equally well, although their labour has been much diminished by the introduction of

PERKIN'S STEAM GUN.

Practical Geography, as taught in the

Monitorial School, Boston. Part First. By Wilprinting machines instead of presses. When “Mr Perkin's steam gun is said to be liam B. Fowle.

FOR MARCH

HEBREW MANUSCRIPT.

FOR MARCH.

Guy's Exercises in Orthography, con-
LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS

By Wells & Lilly-Boston.
taining Selections from the most admired authors
in Prose and Verse. By Joseph Guy. Jun. author

History of Massachusetts, from July, of the English School Grammar, the New Latin

1775, when General Washington took command of Primer, New Arithmetical Plan, &c. The first

the Army at Cambridge, to 1789, when the Federal American from the second London edition.

At the University Press--Cambridge. Government was organized under the present Con

stitution, being a Continuation of the volume pub(Several of which are shortly to be published by lished in 1822. By Alden Bradford, Esq. By Wells & Lilly-Boston.

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. Boston.) Second Series of High-Ways and ByA New Digest of Massachusetts Reports, from vol. 1 to 18 inclusive in 1 vol. 8vo. By Lew- Social and Private Worship. Fine edition, in

A Selection of Hymns and Psalms, for Ways; or Tales by the Roadside.

No. IV. and V. of Malte-Brun's Geograis Bigelow, Esq. 12mo.

phy. An Elementary Treatise on Mechanics, No. LXXXI. Edinburgh Review. By Flagg & Gould-Andover.

comprehending the Doctrine of Equilibrium and No. LXI. Quarterly Review. A Greek Grammar of the New Testa- Motion, as applied to Solids and Fluids, chiefly ment, translated from the German of George B. compiled, and designed for the use of the Students

By Richardson & Lord-Boston. Winer, Professor of Theology at Erlangen. By of the University of Cambridge, N. E. By John Moses Stuart and Edward Robinson.

Farrar, Professor of Mathematics and Natural Phj. A Latin Reader, by Frederick Jacobs.
losophy.

From the German edition. Edited by George
By C. Wiley-
New York.

Aa Elementary Treatise on Arithmetic, Bancroft.

taken principally from the Arithmetic of S. F. La- Perry's Spelling Book, improved with Lionel Lincoln; or the Leaguer of Bos- croix, and translated into English with such Alter- Walker's Pronunciatioli, adapted on a new plan, ton. By the author of the Pioneers, &c.

ations and Additions as were found necessary in by Israel Alger, A. M.

order to adapt it to the use of the American Student. By E. Bliss & E. White-New York.

Third Edition. 1 vol. Svo.
Elements of Geometry, by A. M. Legen-

By Samuel T. Armstrong-Boston. A Few Days in Athens; being the trans- dre, Member of the Institute and the Legion of

Letters and Papers of the late Rev. lation of a Greek Manuscript discovered in Hercu- Honour, of the Royal Society of London, &c. Thomas Scott; never before published. With laneum. By Frances Wright, author of Views of Translated from the French for the use of the Occasional Observations, by John Scott, A. M. 1 Society and Manners in America.

Students of the University at Canıbridge, New vol. 12no.

England.
By A. T. Goodrich-New York. Adam's Latin Grammar, with some Im-

By Lincoln

Edmands-Boston. The History of the State of New York, provements and the following Additions : Rules for including its Aboriginal and Colonial Annals. By to the Making of Latin Verses; A metrical Key to the Pronunciation of Latin; A concise Introduction

Dr Adam's Geography. Eighth edition.
J. V. N. Yates and J. W. Moulton. Volume I.
Part I.

the Oues of Horace; A Table showing the value of
Roman Coins, Weights, and Measures. By Ben-

By Jacob B. Moore-Concord, N. H. By H. C. Carey & I. Lea-Philadelphia. Boston. jamin A. Gould, Master of the Free Latin School of Reports of Cases Argued and Determin

ed in the Superior Court of New Hampshire. Part Greece in 1823 and 1824, being a Series

{ B. In this edition, that portion of the ori. I. of Vol. III. [These Reports are hereafter to be of Letters and other Documents on the Greek Revo- sinal grammar which belongs exclusively to Eng. published in numbers

, each comprising one or lution, written during a visit to that country, by the lish grammar, is omitted, as an encumbrance en- more Circuits.) Hon. Colonel Leicester Stanhope. To which is tions cor.templated without increasing the size of ric, by Hugh Blair, D. D.; greatly improved by

tirely useless. This will give room for the addi. An Abridgment of Lectures on Rhetoadded, the Life of Mustapha Ali. 1 vol. 8vo.

the volume.) An Easy Introduction to the Game of

the addition to each page of Appropriate QuesChess, consaining 100 examples of games, and a

A Catalogue of American Minerals, with tions, by Rev. J. L. Blake, A. M. Principal of a great variety of critical situations and conclusions; the Localities of all which are known to exist in Literary Seminary for Young Ladies, Boston. including the whole of Philador's Analysis. In i every State, &c., having the Towns, Counties, &c., Fifth edition. In this edition, the Questions are vol. 12mo.

in each State, arranged alphabetically. By Samuel placed at the bottom of the pages, so as to prevent Recollections of the Peninsula. By the Robinson, M. D., Member of the American Geolog- the inconvenience of turning to the end of the

ical Society. 1 vol. 8vo. author of Sketches of India. 1 vol. 12mo.

chapter when using them. The answers are not The Philadelphia Journal of the Medical American Law, with Occasional Notes and Com- ment would seem to favour the ease, rather than the

A General Abridgment and Digest of designated by figures in the text, as that arrangeand Physical Sciences, supported by an Association ments. By Nathan Dane, LL. D. In Eight vol- diligence, of the scholar.] of Physicians, and edited by N. Chapman, M. D.

Vol. VIII.
Professor of the Institutes and Practice of Physic
and Clinical Practice in the University of Penn- bridge edition ; in which the Latin of the Notes
Collectanea Græca Minora. Sixth Cam-

By E. Littell-Philadelphia.
sylvania. No. 18. February, 1825.
A Treatise on Nervous Diseases.
and Vocabulary is translated into English.

The Museum of Foreign Literature and By Jobn Cooke, M. D. F. R. S. 1 vol. 8vo.

Publius Virgilius Maro;-Bucolica, Geor- Science. No. XXX.

The Journal of Foreign Medical LiteraAnatomical Investigations, comprising sica, et Æneis. With English Notes, for the use

.

ture and Science. No. XVI. Edited by John D. descriptions of various Fasciæ of the Human

A Greek and English Lexicon.

Godman, M. D. Body; to which is added, an Account of the Irrego ularities of Structure and Morbid Anatomy; with

The Four Gospels of the New Testament a Description of a new Anatomical Table, by John in Greek, from the Text of Griesbach, with a Lexi- By H. C. Carey 4: 1. LeaPhiladelphia. D. Godman, M. D. Lecturer on Anatomy and Phy-1 con in English of all the words contained in them;

Notes on Virginia, by Thomas Jefferson. siology, &c. &c 1 vol. 8vo.

designed for the use of Schools. A Treatise on Dislocations and Fractures An Introduction to Algebra. By War

The Philadelphia Journal of Medical and

Physical Sciences, supported by an Association of of the Joints. By Sir Astley Cooper, Bart. F.R.S. ren Colburn. uitb Notes and References, by John D. Godman, No. IV., Vol. 2, of the Boston Journal of Physicians, and edited by N. Chapman, M, D. &c.

fc. No. 19. M. D. &c. &c. with 20 finely engraved plates. . 1 Philosophy and the Arts.

An Essay on Fever. By N. Chapman, vol. 8vo.

Nouveaux Elémens de la Conversation, M. D. Evans Steam-Engineer's Guide. 1 vol. en Anglais et en Francais. Ouvrage composé sur A Treatise on Derangements of the LivSvo.

le plan de celui du Dr Wanostrocht et de celui de A View of the Constitution of the United John Perrin. Par le Professeur G. Poppleton, å er, Internal Organs, and Norvous System, Patho

logical and Therapeutical. By James Johnson, States of America. By Wm. Rawle. I vol. 8vo. Paris. Suivi du Manuel d'Idiotismes de Madame M. D. author of the Influence of Tropical Climates Nature and Reason Harmonized in the de Genlis. Corrigé par un Maître de Langues.

on European Constiiutions, fc. Practice of Husbandry. By the late John Lorain;

Reports of Cases argued and adjudged in with an Alphabetical Index. 1 vol. 8vo.

the English Courts of Common Law. Edited by Compendious System of Midwifery, chief. By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.Boston.

Sergeant and Lowber. (Vols. 1, 2, 5, 7, 8, pub. ly designed to facilitate the inquiries of those who A Stereotype Edition of the Bible, in lished.) may be pursuing this branch of study. Dlustrated octavo.

The Diseasos of Children. By William by occasional cases; with 15 engravings. By W. An Edition of the Bible in Spanish, in P. Dewees, M. D. author of a System of MidwifeP. Dewees, M. D. &'c. &c. 12mo.

ry, &c. &c.

umes.

368

a

Chitty's Pieadings. New edition, with the lights of heaven, and a capacity of re- / which will enable the attentive and indusNotes, &c. by Edward D. Ingraham, Esq. ceiving rich moliucations and improve- trious student to trace with precision,

A Digest of the Reports of the Courts ments of those feelings in return. We are pleasure, and profit, the great variety of of the United States. By T I. Whurton, Esq. convinced that there is more mind, more principles, which, like the muscles of the

The American Dispensatory ; containing soul about us, wherever we look, and wher- body, spread themselves through the Eng. the various substances employed in Medicine, 10

ever we move; and there is—for we have lish language. gether with the operation of Pharmacy; c. &-c. imparted both to the material world; there It is to be regretted that so few fully unSixth edition. By John Redman Coxe, M. D.

The Tourist's Companion, being a guide is no longer any dullness or death in our derstand the grammatical and accurate to the Lakes, Canada, &c.

habitation ; but a sweet music, and an in- construction of their own language. There Memoirs of Ri hárd Henry Lee of Vir- telligent voice, are forever speaking to our is a fashion already too prevalent in our ginia, By his grandson, Richard Henry Lee, Esq. secret ear, and the beauty of all visible country, which has long obtained in Eng. In 2 vols. 8vo with a Portrait.

things becomes their joy, and we partake land, particularly among the superior classA new edition of Horace Delphini. in it, and gather from the contding gratis es of society, and which has by no means A new edition of Virgil Delphini. tude of surrounding objects, fresh cause of been conducive to a general and extensive The Private Correspondence of Lord praise to the Maker of thein all."

cultivation of the English language. The Byron with his Mother, from the original MSS.

For sale by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. subject of allusion is an extravagant predi1 vol. 12mo.

Boston; High-Ways and By-Ways, or Tales by

Williain Hilliard, Cambridge ; lection for the study of foreign languages, the Road-side, picked up in the French Provinces Gray, Childs, & Co. and J. W. Foster, to the neglect of our own, a language by a Walking Gentleman. Second series. 2 vols. Portsmouth; B. Perkins, Hanover; w. which by us should be esteemed the most 12.o.

Hyde, Portland; Bliss & White, and Car- useful and valuable of all. This extravaCollection of English Literature, edited vill, New York; A. Small, and Cary & gance has been justly censured by Mr Walby Washington Irving, Esq. (Goldsmith's Works, Lea, Philadelphia ; E. Mickle, Baltimore; ker in the following remark. “We think," 4 vols. published.)

Pishey Thompson, Washington; and S. says he,“ we show our breeding by a knowl.
Babcock & Co., Charleston, S. C.

edge of those tongues (the French and ADVERTISEMENTS.

Italian), and an ignorance of our own." ENGLISH TEACHER AND EXÈR

A knowledge of other languages is truly POETICAL WORKS OF WILLIAM

desirable, and the acquisition of them

CISES.
WORDSWORTH.

ought, in a proper degree, to be encourag. CUMMINGS, Hilliard, & Co. No. 134 Washed by all friends of improvement; but it is JUST published, the Poetical Works of ington street (No. 1 Corphill], have for devoutly to be wished, by every friend to William Wordsworth, complete in four sale, new editions of these neai and valua- the interests of our country and of English volumes. ble School Books.

literature, that American youth would show This edition is beautifully and correctly The English Teacher contains all the a zeal, in this respect, exemplified by the printed, and afforded at less than half the Rules, Notes, and important Observations matrons of ancient Rome; and, like them, price of the London copy.

in Murray's large Grammar, which are in- suffer not the study of foreign languages to Extract from the North American Review. troduced in their proper places, and united prevent, but strictly to subserve the culti“The great distinction and glory of with the Exercises and Key in perpendicu. vation of their own. Wordsworth's Poetry is the intimate con- lar collateral columns, which show intui- It is confidently believed that the Eng. verse which it holds with nature. He sees tively both the errors and corrections lish Teacher and Exercises are excellently her face to face ; he is her friend, her con- through all the exercises in Orthography adapted to produce a radical improvement fidential counsellor, her high priest; and Syntax, Punctuation, and Rhetorical con in this very important department of Eng. he comes from her inmost temple to reveal struction.

lish education. With these aids, individoto us her mysteries, and unravel those se- The Exercises form a neat 18mo volume als and pupils, with a little instruction in cret influences which he had always felt, of 252 pages, on good paper and neat type, parsing, may alone become not only profibut hardly understood. It is not merely for the particular use of pupils in schools; cients, but skilful and just critics, in one of that he admires her beauties with enthusi- and being a counterpart to the Teacher, the most copious and difficult of all lanasm, and describes them with the nicest corresponds to it in design and execution. guages, our own. accuracy, but he gives them voice, lan- The Key is left out of this volume for the Feb. 1. guage, passion, power, sympathy; he causes purpose of giving the scholar an opportunithem to live, breathe, feel. We acknowl- ty of exercising his judgment upon the ap

THE Publishers of this Gazette furnishy edge that even this has been done by gifted plication of the rules, without a too ready bards before him; but never so thoroughly and frequent reference to the key.

on liberal terms, every book and every as by him; they listed up corners of the The Promiscuous Exercises in each of periodical work of any value which America veil, and he has drawn it aside ; he has the four parts of False Grammar, in both affords. They have regular correspondents, established new relationships, and detected volumes, have figures, or letters of the al- and make up orders on the tenth of every hitherto unexplored affinities, and made the phabet, introduced, referring to the partic- month for England and France, and freconnexion still closer than ever between ular rule or principle by which nearly eve- quently for Germany and Italy, and import this goodly universe and the heart of man. ry individual correction is to be made. from thence to order, books, in quantities Every person of susceptibility has been Great care and vigilance have been exer- or single copies, for a moderate commisaffected with more or less distinctness, by cised to prevent defects of the press in sion. Their orders are served by gentle. the various forms of natural beauty, and the these editions, as weli as to correct the nu. men well qualified to select the best ediassociations and remembrances connected merous errors which have found their way tions, and are purchased at the lowest cash with them by the progress of a storm, the into the various editions of these works prices. All new publications in any way expanse of ocean, the gladness of a sunny now in circulation. There can be no haz- noticed in this Gazette, they have for sale, field,

ard in saying, that there is no American or can procure on quite as good terms as The silence that is in the starry sky, edition, either of Murray's Exercises or those of their respective publishers. The sleep that is among the lonely hills. Key, so correct as the English Teacher,

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. Wordsworth has taught these sentiments and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Ediand impulses a language, and has given tion of the English Exercises." them a law and a rule. Our intercourse

CAMBRIDGE : These very neat and handsome school with nature becomes permanent; we ac- manuals will perform much service, save

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, quire a habit of translerring human feel- much time, and furnish teachers, private ings to the growth of earth, the elements, I learners, and schools with those facilities HILLIARD AND METCALF.

BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.-Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July,
VOL. I.
BOSTON, MARCH 15, 1825.

No. 24.

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NOTICE.

the coast, are either inconsiderable in the volume roll in vain for us. We can neither plough,

of their waters, or too rapid and rocky to be navi- nor sow, nor make baskets, nor throw the The publication of No. 3 was so much gable far from their mouths. The river Magdalena, Lazo, mand, therefore, however agreeable, delayed by unexpected impediments, that it however, which descends longitudinally above 700

miles through the valleys of the Andes, is navigable useful, and even necessary we may be to our was thought best to date it May 15th, instead to the Port of Honda, 550 miles from its entrance loving countrymon, the time is not come of May 1st. There is, therefore, no num- into the Atlantic. The Cauca, which descends when our Jabours can be appreciated and ber bearing this last date, and, to complete through the province of Antioquia and the Atracto remunerated in Colombia. 6. The learned

through that of Choco, are considerable rivers, the twenty-four numbers of the first volume, whose banks, as well as those of the Magdalena, professions,” says Colonel Hall, and surely within the year, two numbers are published, are covered by the luxuriant forests which distin- our profession is one that ought to be learn

guish the rivers of the plains, and indicate a soil of ed, “are clearly out of the question.” Now both dated the 15th of March, 1825. unlimited fertility; but the climate is burning, and if these Colombians, whom we cannot look

EDITOR. the life of man is not only rendered precarious by upon, if the Colonel is correct, in any other

disease, but his daily comfort is destroyed by swarms light, than that of barbarians, are willing to

of insects and venomous reptiles. REVIEWS.

The second, or mountainous zone, presents a very die, “ as poor Mr Hadoway used to say, withdifferent scene.

At the height of 4,000 feet above out the advice of the three learned facul

the level of the sea, the climate becomes mild, ties," what chance can there be for reviewColombia: Its present State, in respect of vegetation continues uninterrupted through the ers. Actum est with regard to the whole

Climate, Soil, Productions, Population, year, leguminous plants, wheat, and other produc- tribe, whether they be quarterly, or monthly, Government, Commerce, Revenue, Manu Cions of temperate regions are abundant, and of the semi-monthly, and miscellaneous, like onr factures, Arts, Literature, Manners, Edwo best quality ; venomous insects and serpents are cation, and inducements to Emigration. edges the grateful salubrity of a temperature filted kindred of the folio family. We trust our

rarely met with ; and the human frame acknowl- own quarto, or weekly and daily, like our With Itineraries, partly from Spanish alike for enjoyment and labour.

readers will excuse this digression, which is Surveys, partly from Actual Observation.

Our first idea, on perusing the account so little in keeping with the usual sedateness By Colonel Francis Hall, Hydrographer of this last portion, was to prepare for im- of our habits, in consideration of the circumin the service of Colombia, Author of mediate migration, especially when we cast stances; we are not stocks and stones, and “ Letters from France," and of "A Tour our eyes abroad; and considered the mixture must be allowed to curvet a little now and in British North America, and the United of snow, rain, and mud, the half winter and then, and snuff the breezes of a fairer clime, States.” Philadelphia. 1825. 12mo: pp. half spring, which it is our lot to enjoy for provided we in general jog on with a quiet 131.

nearly one third of the year, in this our na- and steady pace, and diligently and faithThe territory of the republic of Colombia tive New England, where six or eight fully tread out, for the good of the public, is considerably more extensive than that of weeks, out of the fifty-two, of unexception the two grains of wheat, which so many authe United States, extending from the mouth able weather, is all that we can expect, and thors are pleased to bury in two bushels of of the Oronoco to the Pacific Ocean, and to balance which, we must broil in July, and chaff. But to return to Colombia. from the Gulf of Mexico to the Maranon.be stewed in August; be hung with icicles in It is the Eldorado of the sixteenth century, December, and thawed out in January; have height of 9,000 feet, when it becomes cold; the sky

The climate continues mild and agreeable to the and, if we may place confidence in Colonel our pores hermetically sealed in February, is usually cloudy, and vegetation slow in growth Hall's description, has no small claim to that and drilled out again, as it were, by the and stunted in appearance. At the height of 15,700 appellation, so far as its natural qualifica- searching blasts of March. We fancied feet it ceases altogether: no living creature passes tions are concerned, at the present day. It ourselves for a moment in that happy land, this dreary limit, where sterile sands, naked rocks, enjoys every variety of climate, and is capa- afar from the thousand torments, that beset rupted solitude. From the level of the sea to the

fogs, and eternal snows, mark the reign of uninterble of affording almost every production of the housekeepers of this realm, in the shape height of 4,800 feet, the thermometer of Fahrenheit the known world.

of fire-places, grates, stoves, and flues, at one varies from 770 to 1150, from thence to 8,000, it The great differences of climate are oc- season, or in that of blinds, verandas, summer- varies from 500 to 77o. casioned by the Cordilleras of the Andes, houses, or refrigerators at another. There

The third zone comprehends the immense tract which traverse the province in various no sudden south-wind plunges the pedestrian eastward, from the base of the Andes to the neigh

of level country which spreads itself southward and directions, lifting their heads, crowned with mid-leg deep in snow-water, where he but bourhood of the river Amazon, and the mountains eternal snows, under the very equinoctial. yesterday shivered through an icy drift,- which border on the Oronoco. These prodigious The province is, in fact, divided into three and no chilling eastern breeze condenses savannahs are watered by the numerous streams zones, characterized by their respective on his thin garments, the moisture which the which form the Meta, the Apure, and finally the soils, climates, and productions." glowing sun of a summer morning has sucked Orinoco;

the periodical overflowings of which con

vert the whole country, during four months of the The first of these is the tract of country included up to load it; we enjoyed in imagination the year

, into an immense lake or inland sea, on which betwixt the Cordillera and the Atlantic and Pacific fervours of the eternal summer of the tropics, the villages and hatos, or cattle farms, raised upon oceans. The climate here is invariably hot, almost diluted, if we may be allowed the express- small banks and elevations, appear as so many islets. always unhealthy, the soil luxuriantly abundant, ion, by the effects of an elevation of four When the floods retire, the whole plain is covered wherever, it is sufficiently irrigated by rivers or thousảnd feet. Alas! it was but an imagin- with luxuriant pasture; on which herds of cattle periodical rains, but parched and barren where these are deficient, as is s metimes the case from ation, and a brief one. The cruel fates have were raised, previous to the war, in numbers almost

defying calculation. Nor are these plains less rich the peculiar situation of the mountains, which ren- bound us to these ungenial climes. There in agricultural advantages. The banks of the rivers der the falls of rain locally precarious; while the are few readers in Colombia, and these our are covered with primeval forests of the most prerivers, for want of supplies, dry up or lose them- periodical strictures would probably be of- cious kinds of woods for dyes, furniture, and buildselves in sandy deserts. Thus the province

of Coro fered
in vain to the public
of those favoured ings; and exhibit, when cleared, a soil capable of

rendering , , coffee, , other parts of the coast are exposed to similar regions

. That public, unfortunately for us, Indigo, tobacco, and generally every species of trodroughts, though in a less degree. The rivers which is not a reading one, and the sands that roll

, pical produce. All the energy of nature, in the prodeseend from the mountains, at a short distance from mingled with gold, into Rio Hacha, would I duction both of animal and vegetable life, is here

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