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HILLLARD AND METCALF.
THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.
Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.--Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
while Lord Umberdale returns to England Tales of an American Landlord; containing principle of the economy of preventive
We drop these intimations, upon the with the willow.
Such is a general outline of the story, Sketches of Life south of the Potomac. New York. 1824. 2 vols. 8vo.
measures, for the benefit of our imaginative which we cannot think very interesting,
countrymen and country women; desiring We are too well experienced in the conWe read American novels, and indeed them in a friendly way, to lay it to beart, trivances of novelists, to be much enterAmerican works of any kind, with a deter- especially the latter." We are indeed 100 tained by complicated plots and incognito mination to be as well pleased, and to think chivalrous, knowingly, to war with the fair heroes. With respect to the individual and speak as well of them as our taste and sex; but the ladies, in these cases, do not characters, we think Colonel Berkley's conscience will permit, and hold it but a always favour us with their names, and we, conversion improbable, wbile bis son is at venial error, to allow ourselves to be a little on our part, inake no pretensions to the best an object of very cool approbation. unduly biassed in favour of home manufac- spirit of divination. Thus, it may chance, that Mrs Belcour manæuvres, as the mother in tures. We feel reluctant, therefore, to pass in belabouring some offending wearer of the the novels of all ages has maneuvred, but an unfavourable judgment on the work be- cloak of darkness our lashes may fall upon with little spirit and little ingenuity; the fore us. We think the author has read and forms no way calculated to endure them, and daughters are good girls enough, but nothadmired the novels of the Scottish Unknown, shatter nerves which nature never strung ing more; Mr Courtal is a very unsuccesstill he has persuaded himself (no uncommon for rude encounters. We advise the fair ful attempt to imitate Counsellor Pleydell; mistake, by the way,) that he is able to write authors, therefore, in all cases, to let a little and the clergyman is a caricature, which something of the same kind; but, if we may of the blue investment peep out from beneath bears as much likeness to life as caricatures judge by this specimen, he has assuredly the sable coverture ;-just to make patent generally do. mistaken his vocation. It is not enough to so much of an azure instep, as will enable But the principal objection to this work, be delighted with the works of the novelist us to account satisfactorily to our readers, is the perpetual and undisguised attempt at of the North, nor even to have them by for our mansuetude in the cases supposed imitation. Almost every sentence is framed heart. There are many readers in the same The leading characters, in these Tales, so as to remind us of the god of the author's case, who have never suspected themselves are Colonel Berkley, a profane man of the idolatry. We mean every original sentence, of possessing the ability to imitate the ob- world; his son George, a religious young for we might almost call the work a cento, jects of their admiration; as there are others, man; an old methodist preacher; Mrs Bel so abundant are the quotations from Scott, who, notwithstanding a secret feeling, that cour, and her two daughters, Maria and Shakspeare, and others. It should have they are not altogether inadequate, content Eliza; Lord Umberdale, an English noble- been considered, that, though an occasional themselves with imagining the ease of an man; Mr Arley, his brother, a dissipated quotation or allusion, like a jewel judiciously attempt which they never have, nor ever spendthrift; Mr Courtal, a lawyer; Colonel placed, may set off what would be agreeable will make, and live and die in the conscious- Hopewell, an old soldier; and Marmaduke without it; a profusion of ornaments adds ness, that they could astonish and delight Scott, a Scotch clergyman.
nothing to beauty, and renders homeliness the world, if they would.
Miss Eliza Belcour is contracted by her only more remarkable; and that, while Now and then it happens, however, as parents, in her infancy, to George Berkley, memory may assist talents, and reading in the present instance, that the amateur whom she has never known, and of course minister to invention,--they can seldom shakes off that wholesome disposition to dislikes. She falls in love with an unknown conceal their defects, and never supply procrastination, which has protected the young gentleman, who turns out to be George their places. reading community from many a volume, Berkley, in time to reconcile her duty and We object further to the offence against which, like Basil's Journal, only waited inclination. Her sister, in like manner, poetical justice, in the dénouement of the for to-morrow ; shuts his eyes to the gives her heart to the Honourable Mr Arley, tale; Lord Umberdale is despatched in sordangers, which lurks behind the periodical who, having disencumbered himself of his row, and Arley carries off the prize, for presses of the time; ventures to put forth property in England, and, flying from the which both contended. Whether marriage, his twin volumes in fair paper covers, blue, terrors of the law at home, appears in with the object of one's affection, be the most yellow, or marble, as the case may be, and America under the assumed name of Percy, valuable blessing and reward offered in this waits, in trembling anxiety, to see from associates himself with a gang of sharpers, sublunary scene, or not, is a question about wbat quarter the critic is to spring upon and lays siege to the affections and fortune which opinions differ materially. The afhis literary offspring. In general, the of Miss Belcour. Some remains of honour firmative, however, is pretty generally adAmerican author escapes easily. The public protect her from the consequences of this mitted in Utopia, of which country the read and forget, his friends praise, and the plot, and it is afterwards discovered to her characters, and, by courtesy, the writers reviewer lays a patriotic and gentle hand by an accident, which consigns Mr Arley of novels, must be considered citizens. To upon the harmless ephemera. These are to temporary confinement. In the mean this reward, therefore, the nobleman, who is halcyon days for poets and tale-tellers; but time, Lord Uinberdale appears on the stage, represented as uniforınly virtuous, bad the they should remember, that they hold their seeking bis dissipated brother. In the course clearest title, and it is at once contrary to privileges by a precarious tenure; that the of his search, he meets, and becomes enam- the law of the land alluded to, and in opposinationality of critics is but a broken reed to oured of Maria,—who transfers her regard tion to the dictates of the moral sense of any rest upon; that the nature of these animals to him, with a facility which can hardly be land, to award it to one, whose only claim is not longsuffering; and that, however excused by bis personal likeness to her for is founded on good feelings whose dictates gentle and playful they may appear in mer suitor. Before an actual declaration bave been generally disregarded, and a particular circumstances, their disposition takes place, circumstances bring the broth- recent conversion which may possibly be to rend a hapless soribbler, is a too well crs in contact; a reconciliation is the result; permanent. We mention another objection authenticated trait in their character, to Mr Arley repents, reforms, and marries with considerable hesitation. It is founded
on the religious character of the work. We gun,' my horse, who, I assure you, has taken a purely mental; and that, with regard to allude to this with reluctance, because there sweepstakes in his time, limped as if he had been the mind and its operations, people were are few things more suspicious than a zeal shot. It was enchanıment-it could not be else." against supposed mistaken opinions in reli- Percy, laughing, what necromantic sage hath different to the analytic method, as if Ba
*Can you form any rational conjecture," said content to grope on in the old way, as ingion. An attack upon forms sometimes played you so foul a trick?'
con had never thought nor written. But conceals, and, what is nearly as important, Yes, truly,' replied Mr Courtal; some sage nothing, we presume, would strike this is often supposed to conceal an unfriendly Urganda, who had erewhile been the guardian of father of experimental philosophy with
Amadis de Gaul, or Don Belianis of Greece, or feeling, or at least a want of regard to the Fleximarte of Hyrcania, or haply Beldonivos of more astonishment than the fact, that, by substance. Our remarks on this head must the mountain-Sellows that went about righting of common consent, his method had been extherefore be brief, and, we trust, will not be wrongs and redressing of grievances, and behanged cluded from the process of instruction; misunderstood.
to them, without submiuing the cases to trial by that where he might have expected his We are of opinion, that one of the objects jury-envious of the happiness of one, whose vo- views to be best appreciated and most of this work is to recommend certain relig- cation it is to stop such unlawful and irregular readily embraced, and where they could ious views and feelings, concerning the bene. modes of administering justice-bath played me this prank.'
most speedily and effectually have accomfit and ultimate tendency of which, men think
• But be serious, Mr Courtal,' said Maria, and plished a revolution in the history of human very differently; and that works of imagina- tell me how you lost sight of me.'
koowledge, they had been treated with the tion are out of their place on such debateable If I were to be as serious as a man wih a gray utmost neglect. ground. There is a great deal, and we hope mare in his house - (out upon all gray mares, I say,
To be satisfied that our statement of the it is the most important part
of our religion, of my tale. My horse went unaccountably lame, case is no exaggeration, one has but to
board or at manger) about which the wise and good of all sects and on entering the wood I found I had lost you: cast a glance at the method of instruction and parties are agreed, and the necessity A young cockatrice of a boy—(I trust I may see the adopted in most of our schools, and develand benefit of which should be enforced, or lying limb of Satan before a grand jury some day or oped in most school books. With a few insinuated, in any way that has any chance other) –gave me a wrong direction, which led me, exceptions, very lately introduced, the of being effectual; but we think it a ques-ere I was aware, to a piece of swampy, groundlearner is first presented with a general or
crussed, . tionable policy to diminish this chance, by in short, after having been stained with the varia: synthetic view of the science he is study, shackling what is undisputed, with any tion of an hundred mudholes, I at length got through, ing, and afterwards with the particulars of thing, of which the utility is matter of and by mere good luck made my way to this house, which it consists; a course which comserious controversy.
pelted indeed by the pitiless storm—but, finding you pletely inverts the order of our quotation Our readers may expect, after this long safe, most incomparable lady, I have only to add, from Bacon. discussion, that we should offer some illusbegone, my cares, I give you to the wind."
Let others think as they may, we have, tration of our opinions in the shape of ex
The words marked by italics, in this ex. for our own part, no hesitation in avowing tracts. With this demand, however reason- tract, which many of our readers will recog. our conviction, that, in the business of inable, we find some difficulty in complying, nise as those of Counsellor Pleydell, are struction, days and years of valuable time since our objections are of such a general not distinguished in the novel by marks of are commonly mispent in following the nature, that their force is to be estimated quotation. This liberty can only be de
course prescribed by systematized error, by a perusal of the whole
, or a large part lended by considering the Scottish novels and that the true method of teaching is but of the work, rather than by that of insu- as standing on the same ground with Shak- dawning upon us. We are sanguine enough, lated portions. One selection, however, we speare, or other acknowledged classics-an however, to believe that the light which is shall make, as it serves to illustrate our assumption which we can hardly admit, at
now glimmering upon this subject, will criticism on the character of Mr Courtal. so early a period of their immortality.
soon cast a fuller radiance; and when this The reader will understand that Miss Bel.
shall be, what improvements, what discovecour has been run away with by a mare,
ries in science, may we not expect from whom the lawyer had incautiously pur- Suggestions on Education ; relating partic-minds which, from their first glimpses of chased, and still more incautiously recom
ularly to the Method of Instruction com- knowledge up to their highest acquirements, mended for her riding. She has been monly adopted in Geography, History, have been trained and formed by the disrescued from a perilous situation by Percy,
Grammar, Logic, and the Classics. New cipline of analysis? with whom she is found in a cottage by Mr
We would not, however, be understood Courtal; who expresses his relief at the “ We should then have reason to hope well as saying that the synthetic method is usediscovery in strong terms, to which she re- of the sciences, when we rise, by continued less, far from it. Synthesis is an excelplies as follows.
steps, to inferior axioms, and then to the mid-lent, an indispensable thing in its place; 'I am safe, quite safe,' said the young lady, dle, and only at last to the most general.” that is to say, as the best method of recascarcely less affected than himself, at beholding an We have repeatedly intiinated our belief, pitulating and reviewing what we have emotion so unexpected: 'I was so fortunate as to that the spirit of this remark of Bacon's was learned, -not however as the best way to leap off at a spot where I found this gentleman, intended, by its illustrious author, to have an acquire knowledge. Every treatise intendby whose polite attention I have escaped exposure application coextensive with human knowl- ed for the communication of knowledge to to this storm.' "The gentleman,' said Mr Courtal, endeavouring edge.
meant that analysis the young, should no doubt contain a syn. to recover his usual manner, .was in luck. Well, should be restricted to the science of mat- thetic view of its subject; but this view this is his day-another may be mine. He will ter, and excluded from that of mind. Could should follow, and not precede the analysis, mark it, I doubt not, with a white stone, though ithal venerable lawgiver in philosophy rise -it should be found at the end, and not at the never yet knew these " speluncam Dido, dux et from the stillness of his grave, and look beginning of the book. For a specimen of Trojanus eandum" affairs come to nzuch good. There are no limbs broke, yet there may be a upon the occupations of scientific men of this arrangement, we might refer our readbreaking of something else-eh, Percy !
our day, he would, we imagine, be fully as ers to the Latin Grammar, published by the Mr Percy said, with gravity, he hoped there was much puzzled as pleased. He would find author of the pamphlet now before us, and nothing to apprehend. Oh, dare believe, on second thoughts, there is extolled to the highest, his track in the In that work, an analysis of every depart.
that, whilst his method of investigation was reviewed in the Gazette for October 1st. You will escape scot-free, for 'tis as hard to find a heart that will break as a glass that will not. paths of science professedly followed with ment of Latin grammar is first given ; and,
Mr Percy made an unsuccessful effort to smile undeviating constancy, his name adorned at the end of every part, and at the concluat this sally, and then asked how it happened Mr with every epithet of human eloquence, sion of the whole, is an interrogatory synCourtal lost sight of the lady.
and his memory almost worshipped, his thesis. This is the natural and untramel. • By enchantment," said Mr Courta! ; 'which, if authority was really acknowledged in but led order of the mind, in the acquisition of any gentleman, knight, or even 'squire denies, I appeal him to the combat. Why, sir, when the one department; that, whilst his sway was knowledge. The subject is, in the first witch of a mare which Miss Belcour rode, few undisputed in natural science, there was place, reduced to its simplest parts: these away, as Pindar says, " light as a bullet from a the utmost aversion to it in whatever is are studied, one by one; and when the
science has been, in this way, thoroughly mind is accessible to instruction, and where objects commends a similar course of lessons. We analyzed, to arrange the whole matter syn- are accessible to the mind.
are fully convinced that it would be much thetically, is a useful exercise both of the Geography is the first branch of educa. more entertaining and useful to the scholjudgment and of the memory. In a word, tion to which the author would apply “ a ars of all our schools, to begin with the We believe analysis to be the only true more practical and interesting method of history of Boston, instead of the origin of method of acquiring knowledge, whether instruction."
the human race, the origin of society, and the learner is a child or a philosopher, and
On the existing plan of instruction in this branch, the other remote topics usually discussed at syathesis the best and the easiest way of a book professedly simplified to the capacity of the commencement of a course of general retaining what is acquired.
children, is put into the hands of the young begin. history. In Blair's “ Mother's Catechism,” We have been led into these remarks by per: He opens it for his first lesson, and finds it we have a good specimen of the plan rethe pamphlet before us.
The title page of begin with a view of the universe, or an exposition commended, applied to the instruction of
Newtonian the essay will show that the contents are
terms which are of course utterly unintelligible to very young children. of a very miscellaneous character,—perhaps him; and when his lesson is got and recited, he too much so. It would have been better knows just as little of practical geography as befor the author to have restricted himself fore. There are two positive objections to this A Musical Biography: or, Sketches of the to the advantages of the analytic method, mode of instruction. li degrades the operations of Lives and Writings of Eminent Musical in the sciences on which he touches. Still, the great principles of scientific research, which
the mind into mere unmeaning rote. It opposes Characters. Interspersed with an Epitome we like to see practical remarks in any are acknowledged in every other mental pursuit.
of Interesting Musical Matter. Collated form, on a subject so important; and some It is, in fact, nothing but an adherence to the ex.
and compiled by John R. Parker. Bos.
ton. 1825. of those which are presented in this pam- ploded system which made a knowledge of generals
8vo. pp. 250. phlet may be very useful in places where a sure key to the understanding of particulars.
We need not the weighty authority of Dr education has not attained even to the de- The plan suggested by the author is too Johnson to persuade us, that no kind of gree of practical excellence which it has long for insertion. It amounts however to reading is so generally interesting as biogin our vicinity. We will confine ourselves, this. Instead of beginning with geography, raphy. If tolerably well written, the life of however, to those parts of the essay which let a child learn, in the first place, the de- an eminent man, whether he be distinguished advocate the analytic method of instruc-tails of topography as applied to the place from the commonalty by his character or tion. We fully agree with the author, of his nativi'y or of his residence. When
by the events of his life, can hardly fail to that if Locke's definition of the purposes he is become familiar with these, let him interest and gratify all classes of readers. of education is correct, most school books proceed to chorography, and become ac: Every one, whose mind is forcibly bent into and most teachers are wrong.
quainted with every thing which it should a peculiar direction by his habits of intel
teach him regarding his own state and coun- lectual action and enjoyment, will have Locke represents education as intended to produce two results to facilitate, first
, the acquisition, try. Let
him, last of all, take up gengra- necessarily his favourite books and studies. secondly, the communication of knowledge. Now, phy, and begin, not at Herschel, nor
the The metaphysician loves to pore over the would it naturally be believed that, in the face of Sun, but at the quarter of the world in last work of some mighty master in “ the this correct and simple arrangement, the superin. which he lives, and so extend his knowl. science of puzzling and being puzzled;"— tendants of education would, through ignorance or edge of the science, till he is able to take the natural philosopher or historian leaves negligence, invert the order of the abovementioned points, and thus involve themselves in the ab- those general views of the subject, which mind for matter, and finds no pleasure in surdity of teaching youth to express ideas, before constitute a synthesis. On this plan, a bewildering himself with the vague uncerteaching them to think? But what is the fact? child in Boston would be taught, first, the tainties of the intellectual world ;—and the Turn to almost any school, and you will find the situation of his native city, then every in statesman or politician feels a complacent
which is put into the hands of a child that has just learned teresting and instructive particular which contempt for all pursuits which are no way to read, is an English Grammar
, from which the usually enters into a topographical sketch. connected with public matters, and throw scholar is to learn the ris of speaking and writing. He would then proceed to the county; no light upon the noble art of getting up in
The order of nature is, first learn to think, and thence, to the state, and to the Union. In the world. But all these classes are limited, then learn to communicate your thoughts ; but the this way a thorough foundation would be and the books which are made for them are order of education is, first learn to communicate laid for subsequent enlargement of his geo- made for pope beside them. With the bisyour thoughts, and then learn to think.
graphical knowledge; and, in the mean tories of individuals, of their actions, their The usual plea in justification of the com- time, he would be put in possession of a com- fortunes, their conditions, it is far otherwise. mon method of instruction is, that in early plete practical acquaintance with what is D’Israeli remarks, in his Curiosities of Litchildhood something is wanted, on which to most useful to him in the science he is ac- erature, if we do not misrecollect, that, exexercise and discipline the mind; that it is quiring. We should like much to see such cepting the Bible, no books have passed no matter what you take for this purpose ; a course adopted with a class of learners. through so many editions as Robinson Cruand that at any 'rate the languages suit it We feel persuaded, that if a fair specimen soe and The Pilgrim's Progress ; now both of very well. Now it is true that we do want of this kind could be exhibited, it would af- these books relate purely to fictitious events, something on which to discipline the raw ford the best argument for practical ana- and one is strictly allegorical; but they are mind; but do we therefore want the hard- lytic instruction, that its advocates could still of the nature of biographies. All perest exercise that we can select? Because present. We agree with the author in sayo sonal tales, all stories which tell of remarkbodily exercise is beneficial to the health ing that
able incidents that befel individuals, or of children, do we set them to hard la. This mode of teaching geography, besides being deeply striking traits of character, or debour?
adapted to the capacity of the youngest learner, scribe singular performances, whether they Another view of this subject will make it plain, tends to communicate that practical cast of knowl. are novels and romances, claiming to be that the present arrangement of education leads edge which is so useful in life.
Lessons in geog: wholly fictitious, or strictly veracious bithe mind in a direction contrary to the order of na- raphy, when taught in this way, bear as near a reture. The young learner is introduced first into semblance as possible to the interesting recitals of ographies, have one thing in common. the mental, and then into the material world. Now of a country, and seen every ohject which he de- they are lost in the mazes, or obscnred in
an individual who has travelled through every part They treat of men and pot of men as the Srst glimpses of thought and the first awakening of curiosity, in the mind of a child, are caused scribes ; and, above all
, it gives the pupil a thor- the distance of history, but as they live and
ough acquaintance with the geography, or rather pass unconscious and unheeded, at ibat early stage his residence. Or what use is it to teach a child allied to us by a kindred nature, in circumby external objects. The movemerts of thought the topography, of the place of his nativity or of move around us. They exhibit one who is of being, in which all that is interesting in exist
: the day, or the year, or the distance of Herschel, stances which excite interest and attention. ence is bounded by the circle of the senses.
whilst tellectual objects appear only as a shadowy some
you leave him ignorant of the road on which That sympathy which belongs to us as huthing, which never rises into any thing more deti: he daily walks, the river that flows by his door, or
man beings, makes us find pleasure in fol. nite than the form of mystery. Education, there the situati n of his own birthplace ?
lowing, with our imagination, the footsteps fore, must not begin here; it must begin where the For learners in history the author re- of a brother, through good and evil fortuna
But we pro
324 and our love of novelty is gratified by the it may be technical, and so we shall say stances related of this remarkable man's disclosure of strange scenes, and our curi- nothing about it.
infancy and early childhood, are almost inosity is pleased as we look upon the daily, The Life of Haydn comes next, and credible, and could not be believed were domestic, familiar doings of men whose emi- it rather amazed us,-nor are we sure they not attested by indisputable evidence. nence of station has placed them afar off, that we rightly understand it. We sup- Perhaps no difference of intellectual ability or whose singular qualities or acts have pose the compiler gathered his facts where illustrates the possible difference between awakened our wonder.
he could, and put them together in his those who share a common nature more But a biography, which has selected all own way,-giving credit for paragraphs strongly, than the astonishing superiority of its subjects from one class of men, as it may and long passages; especially as the Intro. Mozart over all others, in the early developehope to interest readers of that class more duction says, “We [i. e. the compiler) have ment, if not in the continued vigour of that than a more general work, it must pay for detailed their history [Handel's, Haydn's, one talent for which he was distioguished. this privilege by giving pleasure to a nar- and Mozart's] with a minuteness that we The faculties of sense and mind are comrower circle. The book now before us is a could scarcely allow to others.” Judge mon to all; but the different measures with « Musical Biography,”-that is to say, it is then, gentle readers, with what surprise which they are meted out, seem to separate a biography of men and women, who were we read such passages as these, which differ men from men, by as wide an interval as is eminent for making music. To them who are in no respect of typographical arrangement they were not of one species. At the risk especial lovers of sweet sounds, it may be ex- or appearance from their neighbours. of telling very trite stories, we shall make ceedingly interesting; but we must submit to
Long before Haydn rose to the Creation, he had some extracts from this life. all the reproach which may be merited by composed (in 1774) an Oratorio entitled Tobias, an Mozart was scarcely three years old when his the admission, that the toil of reading for indifferent performance, two or three passages of father began to give lessons on the harpsichord to the purpose of reviewing it, has not been which only, announces the great master. You bis sister, who was then seven. His astonishing altogether a labour of love. The author
know that while in London, Haydn was struck with disposition for music immediately manisested itselt
Handel's music : he learned from the works of the His delight was to seek for thirds on the piano, and seems disposed to throw off all responsi- English musician, the art of being majestic. One nothing could equal his joy when he had found this bility, excepting so much as attaches to day at Prince Schwartzenberg's when Handels barmonious chord. The minute details into which him in the character of compiler; but we Messiah was performed, upon expressing my ad- I am about to enter, will, I presume, be interesting are authorized to say, that even this bur- miration of one of the sublime chorusses or that to the reader.
When he was four years old, his father began to then, light though it be, is not borne with work, Haydn said to me thoughtfully, . This man
teach him, almost in sport, some minueis, and other is the father of us all.' remarkable grace or success.
In the beginning of the year 1793, the Oratorio pieces of music, an occupation which was as agree ceed to a more particular account of the was completed; and in the following Lene, it was ble to the master, as to the pupil
. Mozart would contents of this volume,—and shall endeav- performed, for the first time, in the rooms of the learn a minuet in half an hour, and a piece of our to give such extracts as may save us Schwartzenberg palace, at the expense of the greater extent in less than twice that time. Immefrom the necessity of expressing an opinion Dilettanti Society, who had requested it from the diately after, he played them with the greatest author.
clearness, and perfectly in time. In less than a of its literary merits. After the Dedication and Introduction,
Who can describe the applause, the delight, the year, he made such rapid progress, that, at áve the body of the work begins with the Life of enthusiasm of this society. I was present; and 1 years old, he already invented little pieces of nuusic, can assure you, I never witnessed such a scene
which he played to bis father, and which the latter, Handel ;-which is very respectably put to- The Power of the literary and musical society of in order to encourage the rising talent of his son, gether, and relates many facts which most Vienna were assembled in the room, which was
was at the trouble of writing down.
A short time afterwards, Wenzl, a skilful violin people who have taken the trouble to learn well adapted to the purpose, and Haydn himself any thing about Handel, are acquainted directed the orchestra. The most profound silence, player, who had then just begun to compose, came with. A note to page 17, relates an amus the most scrupulous attention, a sentiment I might to Mozart
, the father, to request his observations almost say of religious respect, were the disposi- on six trios, which he bad written during the jouring anecdote of this great musician.
tions which prevailed when the first stroke of the ney of the former to Vienna. Schachtner, the
how was given. The general expectation was not archbishop's trumpeter, to whom Mozart was parThis celebrated composer, though of a very disappointed. A long train of beauties, to that ticularly attached, happened to be at the house, and robust and uncouth external appearance, yet had
moment unknown, unfolded themselves before us; we give the following anecdote in bis words: such a remarkable irritability of nerves, that he our minds, overcome with pleasure and admiration, weozl the first violin, and I was to play the second.
i'he father,' saisi Schachtner, 'played the bass, could not bear to hear the tuning of instruments, experienced during two successive hours, what they and therefore this was always done before Handel had rarely felt,-a happy existence, froduced by
Mozart requested permission to take this last part; arrived. A musical wag, who knew how to extract some mirth from his irascibility of temper, stole into desires ever lively, ever rruewers, and never dis- but his father reproved him for this childish demand. appointed.
observing, that as he had never received any reguthe orchestra on a night when the Prince of Wales
Tar lessons on the violin, he could not possibly play
On my return to the Austrian capital, L have to was to be present at the performance of a new
it properly. The son replied, that it did not appear Oratorio, and untuned all the instruments, some inform you, my dear friend, that the larva of Haydn to nim necessary to receive lessons in order to play half a note, others a whole note lower than the
has also quitted us. That great man no longer ex the second violin. His father, half angry at this organ. As soon as the prince arrived, Handel gave ists
, except in our memory. I have often told your reply, told him to go away, and not interrupt us. the signal of beginning conspirito, but such was the that he was become extremely weak before he en: Wolfgang was so hurt at this, that he began to cry horrible discord, that the enraged musician started tered his seventy-eighth year. It was the last of bitterly. As he was going away with his liide violin, up from his seat, and having overturned a double his life.
i begged that he might be permitted to play with me,
A few weeks after his death, Mozart's requiem and the father, with a good deal of difficulty, conbass which stood in his way, he seized a kettledrum, which he threw with such violence at the
was performed in honour of him, in the Scotch sented. Well, said he to Wolfgang, you may play head of the leader of the band, that he lost his full church. I ventured into the city, to attend this with M. Schachtner, on condition that you play very bottomed wig by the effort ; without waiting to re- ceremony.. I saw there some generals and admin; softly, and do not let yourself be heard : otherwise, place it, he advanced bareheaded to the front of istrators of the French army, who appeared affected I shall send you out directly. We began the trio, choaked with passion that utterance denied him. recognized the accents of my native land, and spoke before I perceived, with the greatest astonishment
, the orchestra, breathing vengeance, but so much with the loss which the arts had just sustained. little Mozart playing with me, but it was not long In this ridiculous attitude he stood staring and
to several of them; and, among others, to an amia- that I was perfectly useless. Without sayiog ang stamping for some minutes amidst a convulsion of ble man, who wore that day the uniform of the thing, I laid down my violin
, and looked at the laughter, nor could he be prevailed on to resume Sostitute of France, which I thought very elegant.
father, who shed tears of affection at the sight.his seat till the prince went personally to appease Now if all this be as it would seem, we Tbe child played all the six trios in the same manhis wrath, which he with great difficulty accom- have nothing more to say about it; but if, ner. The commendations we gave him, made him plished. as we are tempted to suspect, these passages humor him, we let him try, and could not forbear
pretend that he could play the first violin. To Here follow remarks on Handel's music; | are quoted verbatim from some body's let- laughing on hearing him execute this part, very and we are somewhat afraid to talk much ter, we venture to recommend to Mr Parker, imperfectly, it is true, but still so as never to be of them, lest we should 'exposé our igno- to show in his next edition, by marks of quo- set fast.' rance too plainly. For instance, we might tation, or otherwise, that “1," does not in
Mozart never reached his natural growth. During object a little to the phrase " effects (which] these cases mean the “ the Compiler.”
his whole life, bis health was delicate. He was he has worked up"-which phrase Mr
Then follows the Life of Mozart, and it unusual, there was nothing striking in his physiogo
thin and pale: and though the form of his face was Parker “works up” most unsparingly; but is quite well done. The singular circum- nomy, but its extreme variableness. The express