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Where, twisted round the barren oak,

They 'll shed a tear, that passing time | about the twelfth century before the ChrisThe summer vine in beauty clung,

Has withered all thy brightest smiles; tian era. He promises to continue the work, And summer winds the stillness broke,

And when in some far distant clime,

and to translate other episodes of the same The erystal icicle is hung.

They 'll think upon thy evening chime, Where from their frozen urs mute springs

And thousand glowing isles.

poem, from manuscripts which he has copied

F. M. at Paris and at London ; especially from a Pour out the river's gradual tide,

complete manuscript copy of the MahabShrilly the skater's iron rings, And voices fill the woodland side.

THE ITALIAN GIRL TO HER FAITHLESS harata, which Mr Hamilton kindly commu-
LOVER.

nicated to him. The present volume conAlas!-how changed from the fair scene,

From the Italian.

tains, first, the voyage of Arjouna into the When birds sang out their mellow lay ; And winds were soft-and woods were green

Thou saidst, that thou

air; secondly, the defeat of the giant ChidAnd the song ceased not with the day.

Wouldst love me, and forever;--and my heart, inebah, killed by Bhima, Arjouna's brother;

Unconscious, dreamt not that we e'er must part. thirdly, the misfortunes and lamentations of But still wild music is abroad,

Where art thou now?

a poor brahmin, in consequence of the cruel Pale, desert woods! within your crowd And gathered winds, in boarse accord,

I weep alone

commands of the giant Baka, who was also Amid the vocal reeds pipe loud.

Cheerless, and desolate. My heart no more vanquished and killed by the same Bhima ;

Wakes those sweet echoes which it woke before, lastly, the history of Sanda and Oufa Sanda, Chill airs, and wintry winds ! my ear

For thou art gone.

two brothers, warmly attached to each other, Has grown familiar with your song ; I hear it in the opening year

Thou saidst, that when

until their love for the same female bred the I listen, and it cheers me long.

The battle's rage was over, and the cry most deadly hatred between them.
H. W. L.

Of carnage hushed, and murder's rout gone by,
Thou 'dst come again.

COAL FORMATION WITHIN THE UNITED
And I believed !

STATES. THE LAKE OF A THOUSAND ISLANDS. I could have breathed my dying prayer for thee,

Professor J. Griscom, who is extensively Lake of the desert! thou art fair,

Nor murmured at my fate ;-but thus to be
By thee deceived !

and advantageously known by his “ Year in But not so fair as thou hast been;

Europe,” has recently published an interThy dimpled breast once shone as clear,

'Tis well—'tis well,

esting account of the coal formation in this And bright as purest angel's tear,

These charms once loved are passing fast away: country, and particularly of the anthracite Who weeps for sinful mnen.

This tongue, it cannot curse--but only say

Farewell—farewell. How art thou faded: still and deep

coal of Pennsylvania, which is now com

monly known as the Lehigh coal. He beThy heaving waters slowly glide;

But yet-should p'er While o'er thy form wild flowrets creep. Thy footsteps stray to where this form is laid- gins with remarking upon the important As is to deck thy deathlike sleep

Then think of her whose fond heart thou 'st be advantages which Great Britain has derived With their own blushing pride. trayed;

from her coal mines, and certainly does not Give me one tear!

overrate the important benefits which we Bright o'er thy breast a thousand isles

might expect from an adequate and cheap Shone in the evening's purple glow;

supply of this invaluable fuel. And all thy waves were decked in smiles,

INTELLIGENCE.

"The absolute importance of a plentiful And sported in a thousand wiles,But they are silent now.

supply of fuel, not only to health and domesSANSCRIT LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE.

tic comfort, but to the successful prosecuWhen parting twilight sunk to rest,

White England is doing little or nothing tion of almost every branch of manufacturing And clothed thy form in shadows dim,

to promote the study of the Sanscrit lan- industry, needs not the formality of demonHow sweetly murmured o'er thy breast,

guage and literature, which, from her poli-stration. The extraordinary competition As steal the notes of Peris blest, Thy trembling vesper hymn.

tical and commercial relations, ought to which the British nation maintains with all

excite the strongest interest; and while the rest of the world, is inseparably conYes, thou art fallen--thy temples, shrines, France makes the learned of Europe wait nected with the abundant supplies of coal

Where bowed of yore a kingly head,* too long for the communications whi they which her mines afford ; and when the pe-
Wide spreading ivy now entwines,
And round thy spires the cypress climbs, have a right to expect from a country, which, riod arrives (which doubtless is still very
The symbol of the dead.

besides the treasures of its libraries, pos- distant) in which this supply shall approxi

sesses so many learned men, versed in ori- mate to its termination, her vast internal Dread silence o'er thy ruined aisles

ental literature ; we gee in Germany works resources, the commercial elevation, and Entwines the garland of decay, To decorate those mouldering piles,

in Sanscrit, and upon the Sanscrit, rapidly the dense population of that country, must When nature's tears have quenched the smiles succeed each other, equally distinguished by experience a reduction, and be finally That marked their better day. the merit of the execution, and by the im- brought down to the standard which her

portant aid which they afford towards the newly planted forests may be able to susNo more the peasant by thee kneels,

study of this new branch of oriental litera- tain. But how striking is the fact that with And mutters low his simple prayer; And, as his fervent offering steals

ture. It is owing to the enlightened and her mines of coal, that island, at the distance O'er thy blue waters, inly feels

munificent protection of his majesty the of three thousand miles, is able to supply the His crimes are pardoned there. king of Prussia, and the labours of M. A. city of New York with an article so essen

W. Schlegel and Mr Boff, that Germany tial as the fuel of its hearths—to supplant Thy thousand isles are fading now;

has for many years taken the lead of all the the wood of our interior-a material so And o'er thy dark wave's curling crest The night wind whistles faint and low,

other continental nations in the study of the abundant, within less than one hundred And pearly clouds their mantles throw,

Sanscrit. The latter gentleman has just miles, as to be a nuisance to the labourer, To shade thy gloomy rest. published a comparative analysis of the which it costs him much labour and expense

Sanscrit, and the languages connected withi to destroy. The dearness of fuel, at the Thy star hath set! Oh never more Shall men behold thee in thy pride ;

it; he has also published a volume from present time, is a serious obstacle to the But as they gaze along thy shore

the Sanscrit, translated into German verse, prosperity of manufactories in various parts Where slumbers now thy echoing war containing several of the episodes of the of our seaboard, and a heavy tax to the inAnd wildly heaving tide, Mahabharata, the most extensive poem habitants of our principal cities. Every

known; being a kind of mythological, po- scheme, therefore, which shall open new This lake is situated near Rome, and is the etical, historical, and philosophical encyclo- resources, at a reasonable expense, for an same where was formerly a temple to Faunus, and pedia, comprehending narratives relative to article so indispensable, cannot fail, it is whither king Latinus is represented by Virgil, as be the history of Hindostan, from the creation presumed, to become of high importance to taking bimself to ask advice of the god concerning the marriage of his daughter Lavinia with Turnus. of the world to the reign of Youdbishtirah, the public welfare, and lucrative to those

Tour in Italy. By an American.' who was living at the incarnation of Vishnou, wbo shall embark in it."

BURNING A HOLE THROUGH IRON WITH

SULPHUR.

He asserts, that, although the measure ridges of high land, in which it is not known screased, as it can then be brought to New or the location of the mineral wealth of the that coal exists; but supposing from this es. York and Boston at much less expense United States is not precisely ascertained, timate, we make the enormous deduction of than at present. Some of our readers may yet it is known, that the coal formation one half, there will then remain five thou- be interested by Mr Griscom's statement within our limits is more abundant than that sand millions of tons, a quantity sufficient to respecting the employment of this fuel in of any other country. Bituminous coal ex- supply New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, furnaces. ists in numerous basins scattered over the (supposing those cities to contain eighty “In an experiment which I witnessed in whole of a vast region, extending from the Thousand houses, and each house to consume a blacksmith's shop, a bar of iron about two sources of the Ohio on the north, to the five tons in a year) during a period of twelve inches wide and five eighths thick, was head waters of the Tombigbee on the south, thousand five hundred years! It appears rea- brought to a good welding heat in a comthe valley of the Susquehannah on the sonable, therefore, to infer from data not mon forge in less than three ninutes; and east, and the alluvium of the Mississippi on unworthy of reliance, that the Wyoming a nail rod was sufficiently heated in fifteen the west. The supply of this coal may be and Lackawannock vallies contain a body seconds The best of the coal on the Lackconsidered quite inexhaustible; and the of coal sufficient to supply all the wants of awannock burns with considerable blaze. eastern part of the formation is not inac- the eastern and riddle sections of the United in the instance just mentioned in the smith's cessible to the principal cities of the north- States, for a period which may be consid- shop, the blaze was eighteen inches high, ern and middle states. But the learned ered as infinite, and also to serve the pur- but the light which it emits is inferior to Professor considers this coal as altogether poses, if needful, of an extensive exportation. bituminous coal. Certificates have been obinferior in value to the harder or anthracite Should the projected intercourse between the tained and published, of the superior value coal. In this he is certainly correct, and waters of the Hudson, Delaware, and Sus- and economy of this coal, from blacksmiths, if he is equally so in his estimate of the quehannah be carried into complete effect, brewers, distillers, gunbarrel makers, for the quantity of this coal, many ages must pass, and the coal be brought to the Atlantic purpose of rolling and slitting mills, &c. and before we are driven to use the somewhat markets at the prices contemplated, it seems there can, I apprehend, be but little doubt similar, but inferior, coal, which is found in not improbable that the current of European that with fire-places and furnaces properly this vicinity.

intercourse in the article of fuel will be re- constructed, it can be advantageously em“On the eastern side of this bituminous versed, and that instead of importing coal ployed in all cases in which a strong and region exists another coal formation of far from England, American coal will be ex- durable heat is necessary; and, as it burns greater importance than the former, to the ported to France, Holland, or more particu- without smoke, its peculiar fitness for cerimmediate prosperity of the more popular iarly to the countries of the Baltic. tain operations is very manifest.” sections of the union. This is the region “The greatest objections to it as a domesof anthracite coal, occupying an extensive tic fuel, are the comparative difficulty of valley, through a considerable portion of ignition, and its burning without much which flows the river Susquehannah and Aame. The former of these, as experience If the following had not received so high its tributary stream the Lackawannock. has amply shown, is well overcome by the 'a sanction as that of Professor Silliman, we This variety of coal is here found in great / use of charcoal, or billets of dry wood, for should certainly be inclined to rank it abundance, and of a finer quality, it is be- the purpose of kindling, and the intense among those statements which are more lieved, than in any part of the world yet glow which a grate of it affords, is a pretty strange than credible. As it is, we may explored. The length of this remarkable good compensation for the blaze of bitumin- be permitted to doubt whether all the circoal field may be taken at more than one ous coal or hickory wood. Its durability, cumstances are told, or, if told, whether they hundred miles, commencing at a point near during combustion, saves two-thirds of the 'are related with exact accuracy. It is taken Harrisburg, on the Susquehannah, and run- trouble of attendance on fires ; and in nur- from a No. of Professor Silliman's Journal ning northeasterly almost in a straight line series, and other places in which a fire of Science and the Arts. to the head waters of the Lackawannock, throughout the night is needful, nothing “ Colonel Evasin, director of the arsenal not far from the borders of Broome county, can be compared with it for safety and of Metz, in a letter to Gay Lussac, states in the state of New York, and comprehend facility of management. So sensible are the the following experiments : ing in its range the highlands at the head inhabitants of the districts within reach of

I placed a bar of wrought iron, about of the rivers Schuylkill, Lehigh, and Lacka- the mines, of these advantages, that they sixteen millemetres in thickness, (six tenths waxen, which empty into the Delaware. Its prefer to use it although their wood costs of an inch) into a common forge, fed by fossil breadth may be safely taken, it is presumed, them nothing. I was credibly informed, coal, and when it was welded hot, drew it out, at an average of three miles, making a sur- while at Carbondale, that some of the in- and applied to its surface a stick of sulphur face of three hundred square miles, or nearly habitants of Montrose sent thither for coal, six tenths of an inch in diameter. In fourone thousand millions of square yards. The though at the distance of thirty miles, over teen seconds the sulphur had pierced a hole thickness of the contiguous beds in several a very rough road, and paid for it one dol- through the iron, perfectly circular. Another places where the coal has been wrought, lar and a half per ton, in preference to wood bar of iron, two inches thick, was pierced in exceeds thirty feet, or ten yards; and it is delivered at their doors at seventy-five cents fifteen seconds. The holes had the exact well known, from examination of a section per cord ! At Wilkesbarre it is the princi, form of the sticks of sulphur employed, of the whole formation, in places where, by pal fuel, being used in both parlors and whether cylindrical or prismatic. They a disruption of the waters, the various beds kitchens; and the fires, in many instances, were, however, more regular at the side at are exposed, that the thickness of the sev- are not allowed to expire through the win- which the sulphur came out, than on that on eral workable strata exceeds torty-five feet, ter; for by the addition of fresh coal on which it was applied. or fifteen yards ; but assuming ten yards as going to bed, the fire is found in full ac- Steel bars, formed of old files welded tothe medium thickness, the whole number of tivity in the morning. Its adaptation to the gether, were pierced more quickly than cubic yards within the district above speci- purposes of the smith, is abundantly ac- iron, and presented the same phenomena. fied, would be ten thousand millions. knowledged by its universal employment Cast iron, heated nearly to the melting

" It is easily proved by calculation, that a in places where it can be obtained without point, underwent no alteration, by the apcubic yard of this coal weighs rather more too great cost.”

plication of sulphur to its surface. The sulthan two thousand two hundred gross weight We can bear testimony to the correct pour did not even leave a mark. I took a for unavoidable waste, there will be as many ness of some of Mr Griscom's remarks as to piece of this cast iron and fashioned it into tons as cubic yards, namely ten thousand the domestic uses of this coal; and if the a crucible, and put it into some sulphur and millions within the ascertained region, sup works intended to make a communication iron. On heating the crucible, the iron and posing the strata to be continuous through between the Delaware and North River are sulphur were quickly melted, but the craciout. This, however, is not to be imagined, completed, the economy of using it bere, in ble underwent no change. as the region is in several places broken by preference to other fuel, will be greatly in- An. de Chimie, Jan, 1824,

a

ADVERTISEMENTS.

edge of those tongues [the French and / with Questions for examination, with addiItalian), and an ignorance of our own." tional Notes and Illustrations, a Frontis

A knowledge of other languages is truly piece representing the Solar System, &c. ENGLISH TEACHER AND EXER.

desirable, and the acquisition of them &c., being a greatly improved edition. By CISES.

ought, in a proper degree, to be encourag- the Rev. J. L. Blake. CUMMINGS, Hilliard, & Co. No. 134 Washed by all friends of improvement ; but it is Alger's Murray, being an Abridgement ington street (No. 1 Cornbill], have for devoutly to be wished, by every friend to of Murray's Grammar, in which large adsale, new editions of these neat and valua- the interests of our country and of English ditions of Rules and Notes are inserted ble School Books.

literature, that American youth would show from the larger work. The English Teacher contains all the a zeal, in this respect, exemplified by the The English Teacher, being Murray's Rules, Notes, and important Observations matrons of ancient Rome; and, like them, Exercises and Key, placed in opposite colin Murray's large Grammar, which are in- suffer not the study of foreign languages to umns, with the addition of rules and obsertroduced in their proper places, and united prevent, but strictly to subserve the culti- vations from the Grammar;-an admi. with the Exercises and Key in perpendicu- vation of their own.

rable private learner's guide to an accurate lar collateral columns, which show intui- It is confidently believed that the Eng- knowledge of the English language, and tively both the errors and corrections lish Teacher and Exercises are excellently also an assistant to instructers. By T. through all the exercises in Orthography, adapted to produce a radical improvement Alger, jr. Syntax, Punctuation, and Rhetorical con- in this very important department of Eng. Murray's Exercises; a new and improvstruction.

lish education. With these aids, individu-ed stereotype edition, in which references The Exercises form a neat 18mo volume als and pupils, with a little instruction in are made, in the Promiscuous Exercises, to of 252 pages, on good paper and neat type, parsing, may alone become not only profi- the particular rules to which they relate. for the particular use of pupils in schools; cients, but skilful and just critics, in one of Also for sale, the School Books in generand being a counterpart to the Teacher, the most copious and difficult of all lan- al use. corresponds to it in design and execution.guages, our own.

** In issuing the above works, it has The Key is left out of this volume for the Feb. 1.

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tion that instructers and school committees and frequent reference to the key. PUBLISHED and for sale by Lincoln & will, on examination, be disposed to patron

The Promiscuous Exercises in each of EDMANDS, 59 Washington-street (53 Corn- ise them. the four parts of False Grammar, in both hill.]

Feb. 1. volumes, bave figures, or letters of the al- Walker's School Dictionary, printed on phabet, introduced, referring to the partico a fine paper, on handsome stereotype plates.

JUST PUBLISHED, ular rule or principle by which nearly eve- The Elements of Arithmetic, by James ry individual correction is to be made. Robinson, jr.: an appropriate work for BY R. P. & C. Williams, 79 WashingGreat care and vigilance have been exer- the first classes in schools.

ton-street, Boston, eised to prevent defects of the press in The American Arithmetic, by James

A Letter from a Blacksmith to the Minthese editions, as well as to correct the nu- Robinson, jr. ; intended as a Sequel to the isters and Elders of the Church of Scotmerous errors which have found their way Elements. This work contains all the gen- land, in which the manner of Public Worinto the various editions of these works eral rules which are necessary to adapt it ship in that Church is considered, its incon. now in circulation. There can be no haz- to schools in cities and in the country, em- veniences and defects pointed out, and ard in saying, that there is no American bracing Commission, Discount, Duties, An. methods for removing them hunbly proedition, either of Murray's Exercises or nuities, Barter, Guaging, Mechanical Pow- posed. Key, so correct as the English Teacher, ers, &c. &c. Although the work is put at Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Edi- a low price, it will be found to contain a heart be hasty to utter any thing before God, for tion of the English Exercises."

greater quantity of matter than most of God is in heaven, and thou upon earth : therefore These very neat and handsome school the School Arithmetics in general use.

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From a London edition. For sale as learners, and schools with those facilities readings for young children. Price 12 | above, and by the booksellers throughout which will enable the attentive and indus-cents.

the United States. trious student to trace with precision, The Pronouncing Introduction, being

This work is published on common papleasure, and profit, the great variety of Murray's Introduction with accents, calcu-per, and sold at a cheap rate for distribuprinciples, which, like the muscles of the lated to lead to a correct pronunciation. body, spread themselves through the Eng- The Pronouncing English Reader, being bind, and match other elegant books.

tion; also on fine five dollar paper, to lisb language. Murray's Reader accented, divided into

Feb. 1. It is to be regretted that 30 few fully un- paragraphs. Enriched with a Frontispiece, derstand the grammatical and accurate exhibiting Walker's illustration of the Inconstruction of their own language. There flections of the Voice. The work is printed

WELLS & LILLY, is a fashion already too prevalent in our on a fine linen paper, and solicits the pub- HAVE in press, and will shortly publish, country, which has long obtained in Eng- lic patronage.

A New Digest of Massachusetts Reports. land, particularly : mong the superior class- Adams' Geography ; a very much approv. By Lewis Bigelow, Counsellor at Law. The es of society, and which has by no means ed work, which has passed through numer- work will embrace all the Reports now pubbeen conducive to a general and extensive ous editions. With a correct Atlas.

lished, and will be otherwise improved in cultivation of the English language. The Temple's Arithmetic, with additions and several important particulars. subject of allusion is an extravagant predi- improvements. Printed on fine paper. lection for the study of foreign languages, Eighth edition.

EVENINGS IN NEW ENGLAND. to the neglect of our own, a language The Pronouncing Testament, in which which by us should be esteemed the most all the proper names, and many other Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. have just pubuseful and valuable of all. This extrava- words, are divided and accented agreeably lished, and have for sale, gance has been justly censured by Mr Wal. to Walker's Dictionary and Classical Key'; Evenings in New England; intended for ker in the following remark. “We think,” | -peculiarly suited to the use of Schools. Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By says he,“ we show our breeding by a knowl. Conversations on Natural Philosophy, l an American Lady.

1

1

SULPHUR.

He asserts, that, although the measure ridges of high land, in which it is not known screased, as it can then be brought to New or the location of the mineral wealth of the that coal exists; but supposing from this es. York and Boston at much less expense United States is not precisely ascertained, timate, we make the enormous deduction of than at present. Some of our readers may yet it is known, that the coal formation one half, there will then remain five thou- be interested by Mr Griscom's statement ! within our limits is more abundant than that sand millions of tons, a quantity sufficient to respecting the employment of tbis fael ia of any other country. Bituminous coal ex- supply New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, furnaces. ists in numerous basins scattered over the (supposing those cities to contain eighty “In an experiment which I witnessed in whole of a vast region, extending from the thousand houses, and each house to consume a blacksmith's shop, a bar of iron about two sources of the Ohio on the north, to the five tons in a year) during a period of twelve inches wide and five eighths thick, was head waters of the Tombigbee on the south, thousand five hundred years! It appears rea- brought to a good welding heat in a comthe valley of the Susquehannah on the sonable, therefore, to infer from data pot mon forge in less than three ninutes; and east, and the alluvium of the Mississippi on unworthy of reliance, that the Wyoming a nail rod was sufficiently heated in fifteen the west. The supply of this coal may be and Lackawannock vallies contain a body seconds The best of the coal on the Lackconsidered quite inexhaustible; and the of coal sufficient to supply all the wants of awannock burns with considerable blaze. eastern part of the formation is not inac- the eastern and middle sections of the United in the instance just mentioned in the smith's cessible to the principal cities of the north- States, for a period which may be consid- shop, the blaze was eighteen inches high, ern and middle states. But the learned ered as infinite, and also to serve the pur- but the light which it emits is inferior to Professor considers this coal as altogether poses, if needful, of an extensive exportation. bituminous coal. Certificates have been obinferior in value to the harder or anthracite Should the projected intercourse between the tained and published, of the superior valve coal. In this he is certainly correct, and waters of the Hudson, Delaware, and Sus- and economy of this coal, from blacksmiths, if he is equally so in his estimate of the quehannah be carried into complete effect, brewers, distillers, gunbarrel makers, for the quantity of this coal, many ages must pass, and the coal be brought to the Atlantic purpose of rolling and slitting mills, &c. and before we are driven to use the somewhat markets at the prices contemplated, it seems there can, I apprehend, be but little doubt similar, but inferior, coal, which is found in not improbable that the current of European that with fire-places and furnaces properly this vicinity.

intercourse in the article of fuel will be re- constructed, it can be advantageously em“On the eastern side of this bituminous versed, and that instead of importing coal ployed in all cases in which a strong and region exists another coal formation of far from England, American coal will be ex- durable heat is necessary; and, as it burns greater importance than the former, to the ported to France, Holland, or more particu- without smoke, its peculiar fitness for cerimmediate prosperity of the more popular iarly to the countries of the Baltic. tain operations is very manifest." sections of the union. This is the region “The greatest objections to it as a domesof anthracite coal, occupying an extensive tic fuel, are the comparative difficulty of BURNING A HOLE THROUGH IRON WITH valley, through a considerable portion of ignition, and its burning without much which flows the river Susquehannah and fame. The former of these, as experience If the following had not received so high its tributary stream the Lackawannock. has amply shown, is well overcome by the a sanction as that of Professor Silliman, we This variety of coal is here found in great use of charcoal, or billets of dry wood, for should certainly be inclined to rank it abundance, and of a finer quality, it is be- the purpose of kindling, and the intense among those statements which are more lieved, than in any part of the world yet glow which a grate of it affords, is a pretty strange than credible. As it is, we may explored. The length of this remarkable good compensation for the blaze of bitumin- be permitted to doubt whether all the circoal field may be taken at more than one ous coal or hickory wood. Its durability, cumstances are told, or, if told, whether they hundred miles, commencing at a point near during combustion, saves two-thirds of the are related with exact accuracy. It is taken Harrisburg, on the Susquehannah, and run- trouble of attendance on fires; and in nur- from a No. of Professor Silliman's Journal ning northeasterly almost in a straight line series, and other places in which a fire of Science and the Arts. to the head waters of the Lackawannock, throughout the night is needful, nothing “ Colonel Evasin, director of the arsenal not far from the borders of Broome county, can be compared with it for safety and of Metz, in a letter to Gay Lussac, states in the state of New York, and comprehend facility of management. So sensible are the the following experiments : ing in its range the highlands at the head inhabitants of the districts within reach of

I placed a bar of wrought iron, about of the rivers Schuylkill, Lehigh, and Lacka- the mines, of these advantages, that they sixteen millemetres in thickness, (six tenths waxen, which empty into the Delaware. Its prefer to use it although their wood costs of an inch) into a common forge, fed by fossil breadth may be safely taken, it is presumed, ) them nothing. I was credibly informed, coal, and when it was welded hot, drew it out, at an average of three miles, making a sur- while at Carbondale, that some of the in- and applied to its surface a stick of sulphur face of three hundred square miles, or nearly habitants of Montrose sent thither for coal, six tenths of an inch in diameter. In fourone thousand millions of square yards. The though at the distance of thirty miles, over teen seconds the sulphur had pierced a hole thickness of the contiguous beds in several a very rough road, and paid for it one dol- through the iron, perfectly circular. Another places where the coal has been wrought, lar and a half per ton, in preference to wood bar of iron, two inches thick, was pierced in exceeds thirty feet, or ten yards; and it is delivered at their doors at seventy-five cents fifteen seconds. The holes had the exact well known, from examination of a section per cord! At Wilkesbarre it is the princi, form of the sticks of sulphur employed, of the whole formation, in places where, by pal fuel, being used in both parlors and whether cylindrical or prismatic. They a disruption of the waters, the various beds kitchens; and the fires, in many instances, were, however, more regular at the side at are exposed, that the thickn'ss of the sev- are not allowed to expire through the win- which the sulphur came out, than on that on eral workable strata exceeds forty-five feet, ter; for by the addition of fresh coal on which it was applied. or fifteen yards; but assuming ten yards as going to bed, the fire is found in full ac- Steel bars, formed of old files welded tothe medium thickness, the whole number of tivity in the morning. Its adaptation to the gether, were pierced more quickly than cubic yards within the district above speci- purposes of the smith, is abundantly ac- iron, and presented the same phenomena. fied, would be ten thousand millions. knowledged by its universal employment Cast iron, heated nearly to the melting

" It is easily proved by calculation, that a in places where it can be obtained without point, underwent no alteration, by the ap cubic yard of this coal weighs rather more too great cost.”

plication of sulphur to its surface. The sol than two thousand two hundred gross weight We can bear testimony to the correct- 'pour did not even leave a mark. I took a for unavoidable waste, there will be as many ness of some of Mr Griscom’s remarks as to piece of this cast iron and fashioned it into tons as cubic yards, namely ten thousand the domestic uses of this coal ; and if the à crucible, and put it into some sulphur and millions within the ascertained region, sup- works intended to make a communication iron. On heating the crucible, the iron and posing the strata to be continuous through between the Delaware and North River are sulphur were quickly melted, but the craciout. This

, however, is not to be imagined, completed, the economy of using it here, in ble underwent no change. as the region is in several places broken by preference to other fuel, will be greatly in- An. de Chimie, Jan, 1824.

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By T.

ADVERTISEMENTS.

edge of those tongues [the French and with Questions for examination, with addi

Italian), and an ignorance of our own.” tional Notes and Illustrations, a FrontisENGLISH TEACHER AND EXER.

A knowledge of other languages is truly piece representing the Solar System, &c.

desirable, and the acquisition of them &c., being a greatly improved edition. By CISES.

ought, in a proper degree, to be encourag. the Rev. J. L. Blake. Cummings, HILLIARD, & Co. No. 134 Washed by all friends of improvement ; but it is Alger's Murray, being an Abridgement ington street (No. 1 Cornbill], have for devoutly to be wished, by every friend to of Murray's Grammar, in which large adsale, new editions of these neat and valua- the interests of our country and of English ditions of Rules and Notes are inserted ble School Books.

literature, that American youth would show from the larger work. The English Teacher contains all the a zeal, in this respect, exemplified by the The English Teacher, being Murray's Rules, Notes, and important Observations matrons of ancient Rome; and, like them, Exercises and Key, placed in opposite colin Murray's large Grammar, which are in- suffer not the study of foreign languages to umns, with the addition of rules and obsertroduced in their proper places, and united prevent, but strictly to subserve the culti- vations from the Grammar;-an admiwith the Exercises and Key in perpendicu- vation of their own.

rable private learner's guide to an accurate lar collateral columns, which show intui- It is confidently believed that the Eng- knowledge of the English language, and tively both the errors and corrections lish Teacher and Exercises are excellently also an assistant to instructers. through all the exercises in Orthography, adapted to produce a radical improvement Alger, jr. Syntax, Punctuation, and Rhetorical con- in this very important department of Eng- Murray's Exercises; a new and improvstruction.

lish education. With these aids, individu- ed stereotype edition, in which references The Exercises form a neat 18mo volume als and pupils, with a little instruction in are made, in the Promiscuous Exercises, to of 252 pages, on good paper and neat type, parsing, may alone become not only profi- the particular rules to which they relate. for the particular use of pupils in schools ; cients, but skilful and just critics, in one of Also for sale, the School Books in generand being a counterpart to the Teacher, the most copious and difficult of all lan- al use. corresponds to it in design and execution. guages, our own.

*** In issuing the above works, it has The Key is left out of this volume for the Feb, 1.

been the object of the publishers to elevate purpose of giving the scholar an opportuni.

the style of School Books in typographical ty of exercising his judgment upon the ap- VALUABLE SCHOOL BOOKS,

execution; and they cherish' the expectaplication of the rules, without a too ready

tion that instructers and school committees and frequent reference to the key. PUBLISHED and for sale by Lincoln & will, on examination, be disposed to patron

The Promiscuous Exercises in each of EDMANDS, 59 Washington-street (53 Corn- ise them. the four parts of False Grammar, in both hill.]

Feb. 1. volumes, have figures, or letters of the al- Walker's School Dictionary, printed on phabet, introduced, referring to the partic- a fine paper, on handsome stereotypc plates.

JUST PUBLISHED, ular rule or principle by which nearly eve- The Elements of Arithmetic, by James ry individual correction is to be made. Robinson, jr.: an appropriate work for BY R. P. & C. Williams, 79 WashingGreat care and vigilance have been exer- the first classes in schools.

ton-street, Boston, eised to prevent defects of the press in The American Arithmetic, by James

A Letter from a Blacksmith to the Minthese editions, as well as to correct the nu. Robinson, jr. ; intended as a Sequel to the isters and Elders of the Church of Scotinerous errors which have found their way Elements. This work contains all the gen- land, in which the manner of Public Worinto the various editions of these works eral rules which are necessary to adapt it ship in that Church is considered, its inconnow in circulation. There can be no haz- to schools in cities and in the country, em- veniences and defects pointed out, and ard in saying, that there is no American bracing Commission, Discount, Duties, An- methods for removing them humbly proedition, either of Murray's Exercises or nuities, Barter, Guaging, Mechanical Pow- posed. Key, so correct as the English Teacher, ers, &c. &c. Although the work is put at Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Edi- a low price, it will be found to contain a heart be hasty to utter any thing before God, for tion of the English Exercises." greater quantity of matter than most of God is in heaven, and thou upon earth : therefore

let thy words be few. Eccl. v. 2. These very neat and handsome school ihe School Arithmetics in general use. manuals will perform much service, save

The Child's Assistant in the Art of Read the understanding also. ' 1 Cor. xiv. 15.

I will pray with ihe spirit, and I will pray with much time, and furnish teachers, private ing, containing a pleasing selection of easy

From a London edition. For sale as learners, and schools with those facilities readings for young children.

Price 121

above, and by the booksellers throughout which will enable the attentive and indus- cents.

the United States. trious student to trace with precision, The Pronouncing Introduction, being

This work is published on common papleasure, and profit, the great variety of Murray's Introduction with accents, calcu

per, and sold at a cheap rate for distribuprinciples, which, like the muscles of the lated to lead to a correct pronunciation. body, spread themselves through the Eng. The Pronouncing English Reader, being bind, and match other elegant books.

tion; also on fine five dollar paper, to lish language. Murray's Reader accented, divided into

Feb. 1.
It is to be regretted that 30 few fully un- paragraphs. Enriched with a Frontispiece,
Herstand the grammatical and accurate exhibiting Walker's illustration of the In-
construction of their own language. There flections of the Voice. The work is printed

WELLS & LILLY, sa fashion already too prevalent in our on a fine linen paper, and solicits the pub- HAVE in press, and will shortly publish, country, which has long obtained in Eng- lic patronage.

A New Digest of Massachusetts Reports. and, particularly among the superior class- Adams' Geography; a very much approv- By Lewis Bigelow, Counsellor at Law. The es of society, and which has by no means ed work, which has passed through numer- work will embrace all the Reports now pubeen conducive to a general and extensive ous editions. With a correct Atlas.

lished, and will be otherwise improved in ultivation of the English language. The Temple's Arithmetic, with additions and several important particulars. ubject of allusion is an extravagant predi- improvements.

Printed on fine paper. ection for the study of foreign languages, Eighth edition.

EVENINGS IN NEW ENGLAND. the neglect of our own, a language The Pronouncing Testament, in which hich by us should be esteemed the most all the proper names, and many other Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. have just pubseful and valuable of all. This extrava- words, are divided and accented agreeably lished, and have for sale, ance has been justly censured by Mr Wal. to Walker's Dictionary and Classical Key; Evenings in New England ; intended for er in the following remark. “We think,"|-peculiarly suited to the use of Schools. Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By ys he, “ we show our breeding by a knowl. Conversations on Natural Philosophy, l an American Lady.

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