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liberty in the heart of the British empire beaty feel that England has no longer to stand and set up a pompous hierarchy in the frozen wil. warm and full in the bosom of our fathers ; the so- against the world—that her rival on the derness. No craving governors were anxious to briety, the firmness, and the dignity with which the ocean is the friend of her best principles; of snow. No, they could not say they bad en

be sent over to aur cheerless El Dorados of ice and cause of free principles struggled into existence here, constantly found encouragement and counte- and that, supported by America, she may couraged, patronised, or helped the pilgrims; their nance from the sons of liberty there? Who

does smile to see the despois of the continent, own cares, their own labours, their own counsels, not remember that when the pilgrims went over swelling on their iron thrones, stretch their own blood, contrived all, achieved all, bore the sea, the prayers of the faithful British confess- ing their longing eyes over the eternal lim- all

, sealed all

. They could not afterwards fairly ors, in all the quarters of their dispersion, went it of their

arrogance, and muttering their pretend to reap where they had not strewn; and over with them, while their aching eyes were

and fabric strained, till the star of hope should go up in the powerless exorcisins within a circle, around with pains and watchfulness, unaided, barely tole. western skies? --And who will ever forget that in which hover the spirits which shall one rated, it did not fall when the favour, which had that eventful struggle, which severed this mighty day tear them to pieces.

always been withholden, was changed into wrath; empire from the British crown, there was not heard, We cannot refrain from another long ex- when the arm, which had never supported, was throughout our continent in arms, a voice which tract. We had intended to make several

raised to destroy. spoke louder for the rights of America, than that

Methinks I see it now, that one solitary, adrenof Burke or of Chatham, within the walls of the shorter ones, but are unwilling to mar the turous vessel, the Mayflower

of a forlorn bope. British parliament, and at the foot of the British beauty of the following by any division or freighted with the prospects of a future state, and throne No, for myself, I can truly say, that after diminution.

bound across the unknown sea. I behold it pursumy native land, I feel a tenderness and a reverence

ing, with a thousand misgivings, the uncertain, the for that of my fathers. The pride! take in my tated the terms of that settlement, no doubt our months pass, and winter surprises them on the

Could a common calculation of policy have dic. / tedious voyage. Suns rise and set, and weeks and own country makes me respect that from which we are sprung. In touching the soil of England, i foundations would have been laid beneath the royal deep, but brings them not the sight of the wished seem to return like a descendant to the old family smile. Convoys and navies would have been so- for Siore.

I see them now scantily supplied with seat ;--to come back to the abode of an aged, the licited to waft our fathers to the coast; armies, to provisions, crowded almost to suffocation in their tomb of a departed parent. I acknowledge this defend the infant communities, and the flattering stored prison, delayed by calms, pursuing a cirgreat consanguinity of nations. The sound of my patronage of princes and lords, to espouse their cuitous route ;-and now driven in fury before the native language beyond the sea, is a music to my interests in the councils of the mother country: raging tempest, on the high and giddy

waves. The ear, beyond the richest strains of Tuscan softness, Happy, that our fathers enjoyed no such patronge ; awful voice of the storm howls through the rigging. or Castillian majesty.—1 am not yet in a land of happy, that they fell into no such protecting hands ; The labouring masts seem straining from

their strangers, while surrounded by the manners, the happy that our foundations were silently and deep: base ; -the disinal sound of the pumps is heard ;habits, the forms, in which I have been brought up ly cast in quiet insignificance, beneath a charter of the ship leaps, as it were, madly, from billow to bilI wander delighted through a thousand scenes

, banishment, persecution, and contempt; so that low ;--the ocean breaks, and settles with engulphwhich the historians, the poets bave made familiar when the royal arm was at length outstretched ing foods over the floating deck, and beats with to us, of which the names are interwoven with against us, instead of a submissive child, tied down deadening, shivering weight, against the staggered our earliest associations, I tread with reverence by former graces, it found a youthful giant in the vessel.— see them, escaped from these perils, the spots, where I can retrace the footsteps of our land, born amidst hardships, and nourished on the pursuing their all but desperate undertaking, and suffering fathers; the pleasant land of their birth rocks, indebted for no favours, and owing no duty: landed at last

, after a five months' passage, on the has a claim on my heart. It seems to me a classic

, From

the dark portals of the star chamber, and in ice clad rocks of Plymouth, -'weak and weary yea, a holy land, rich in the memories of the great the stem text of the acts of uniformity, the pil from the voyage,--poorly armed, scantily provis. and good; the martyrs of liberty, the exiled her- grims received a commission, more efficient, than ioned, depending on the charity of their ship-masalds of truth; and richer as the parent of this any that ever bore the royal seal. Their banish- ter for a draught of beer on board, drinking nothland of promise in the west.

ment to Holland was fortunate; the decline of ing but water on shore,—without shelter,-without I am not, -I need

not say I am not,—the pane- their little company in the strange land was fortu: means, surrounded by hostile tribes. 'Shut now gyrist of England. I am not dazzled by her riches, nate; the difficulties which they experienced in the volume of history, and tell me, on any princinor awed by her power. The sceptre, the mitre, getting the royal consent to banish themselves to ple of human probability, what shall

be the fate of and the coronet, stars, garters, and blue ribbons this wilderness were fortunate; all the tears and this handsul of adventurers. Tell me, man of mil. seem to me poor things for great men to contend heart breakings of that ever memorable parting at itary science, in how many months were they all for. Nor is my admiration awakened by her ar- Delfthaven, had the happiest influence on the ris- swept off by the thirty savage tribes, enumerated mies, mustered for the battles of Europe; her na. ing destinies of New England. All this purified within the early limits of New England ? Tell me, vies, overshadowing the ocean; nor her empire the ranks of the settlers. These rough touches of politician, how long did this shadow of a colony. grasping the farthest east. It is these, and the fortune brushed off the light

, uncertain, selfish on which your conventions and treaties had not price of guilt and blood by which they are main- spirits. They made it a grave, solemn, self-deny, smiled, languish on the distant coast? Student of tained, which are the cause why no friend of liber- ing expedition, and required of those who engaged history, compare for me the bafiled projects, the ty can salute her with undivided affections.

But in it, to be so too. They cast a broad shadow of deserted settlements, the abandoned adventures of it is the refuge of free principles, though often per- thought and seriousness over the cause, and if this other times, and find the parallel of this. Was it secuted; the school of religious liberty, the more sometimes deepened into melancholy and bitter. the winter's storm, beating upon the houseless precious for the struggles to which it has been call-ness, can we find no apology for such a human heads of women and children ; was it hard labour ed; the tombs of those who have reflected honor weakness?

It is sad indeed to reflect on the disasters, which tomahawk ;-was it the deep malady of a blighted

and spare meals;-was it disease ;-Was it the on all who speak the English tongue; it is the birthplace of our fathers, the home of the pilgrims; the little band of pilgrims encountered. Şad to hope, a ruined enterprise, and a broken hear, achit is these which I love and venerate in Englaud see a portion of them, the prey of unrelenting cu-ing in its last moments, at the recollection of the I should feel ashamed of an enthusiasm for Italy pidity, treacherously embarked in an unsound, un- loved and left beyond the sea ; was it some, or all and Greece, did I not also feel it for a land like seaworthy ship, which they are soon obliged to of these united, that hurried this forsaken company this. In an American it would seem to me degene- abandon, and crowd themselves into one vessel; one

to their melancholy fate ?-And is it possible that rate and ungrateful, to hang with passion upon the hundred persons, besides the ship's company, in a neither of these causes, that not all combined, were traces of Homer and Virgil, and follow without vessel of one hundred and sixty tons. One is able to blast this bud of hope?—Is it possible, that emotion the nearer and plainer footsteps of Shaks- touched at the story of the long, cold, and weary from a beginning so feeble, so frail, so worthy, not so peare and Milton; and I should think him cold in autumnal passage ; of the landing on the inhospi- much of admiration as of pity, there has gone his love for his native land, who felt no melting in table rocks at this dismal season; where they are forth a progress so steady, a growth so wonderful

, his heart for that other native land, which holds the deserted before long by the ship, which had brought an expansion so ample, a reality so important, a ashes of his forefathers.

them, and which seemed their only hold upon the promise, yet to be fulfilled, so glorious ?

world of fellow men, a prey to the elements and to We rejoice that sentiments similar to want, and fearfully ignorant of the numbers, the

of the effect of eloquence like this up these are becoming every day more gener- power, and the temper of the savage tribes, that on the sons of the pilgrims, standing on al in these states; that we are beginning to filled the unexplored continent, upon whose verge the spot where their fathers stood, done but regard England, as the only spot in the old they had ventured. But all this wrought together the audience of that day can conceive. We

. These of of world in which liberty is yet known, and the ocean

, the winter, the wilderness, and the sav- bave been told that these things have been Englishmen the only people, with whom age foe were the final assurance of success.

said before in other places; but as we had Americans can have any intimate commun- was these that put far away from our father's cause, never happened to hear them, we felt their ion. While on the other hand the subjects of all patrician softness, all hereditary claims to pre. full effect;-and it would matter of any thing the British empire are looking to this nation eminence. No effeminate nobility crowded into rather than regret if any circumstance

the dark and austere ranks of . No as their fellows, in a regard for those rights, Carlos Villiers erould lead on the it provided should oblige us to hear them again in the which their statesmen have defended and band of despised Puritans. No well endowed same language and from the same lips. for which their heroes have bled. They clergy were on the alert, to quit their cathedrals,

It

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The Mysteries of Trade, or the Great Source we refer to the preparation of certain

MISCELLANY. of Wealth : containing Receipts and Pa- varnishes and lacquers. tents in Chemistry and Manufacturing ; Among the details most likely to be usewith Practical Observations on the Useful ful, we may point out those, which relate

PARTY SPIRIT. Arts. Original and Compiled. By David to the method of proceeding in the manu- The number of those, who habitually

Beman. Boston. 8vo. pp. 182. facture of beer, bread, vinegar, and cider, look at the bright side of objects, is smali. The object of this book is to enable every and the explanation of the chemical prin- of trouble, we may truly say, “ A little man to become his own brewer, bis own ciples, upon which the success of these leaven leaveneth the whole lump.” It is vintner, and his own baker; it teaches us operations depends. The method of cleans- true, that they, who look only at the bright to imitate rum and brandy, to make wine ing silks, woollens, &c. without damage, is side, will be disappointed in their calculafrom parsnips, sugar from hemp and rags, simple and very valuable, if really as ef- tions, that their hopes will be blighted, and . and bread from Iceland moss; directs us in fectual as it is represented to be.

their plans frustrated; but, though others, what manner to restore the colours of an- We expected to find, among the economic who look at both sides, may experience the cient paintings, detect the adulteration of cal receipts, one or more relating to the same evils, yet they will neither suffer so tea, and mix our own blacking. Now, though preservation of an important perisbable ar- often, nor so intensely. That men will not we are of opinion, that, on the whole, it is ticle of household economy; we refer to overlook altogether and entirely the bleak quite as well to allow every man to do bis eggs, the price of which is so variable, be- and barren spots around them, is not the own work, yet it may not be amiss to have ing at one season, nearly or quite double subject of complaint--but that the number some general notion of the manner in which what it is at another, that an unfailing of those who regard equally their adv anparticular trades are conducted; since there method of preserving large quantities, for tages and disadvantages, is so very small. are few points of knowledge, which may not, a length of time, is a matter deserving se- If the mass of mankind paid more attention in some circumstances of a man's life, be- rious attention. By the following recipe, to the good effects of causes and the good come a source either of advantage or enter they may be préserved in the greatest per qualities of objects,-if they devoted more tainment. fection for two years.

time to tracing the remote blessing and inIn one point we disagree with the com- Take of quicklime, one peck;

vestigating the latent good, -and declaimpilers of works of this sort; we mean in

cream of tartar, two ounces;

ed less about immediate and apparent regard to the economy of their processes.

common salt, eight ounces.

evils,—they would make fewer complaints There is one valuable article, which they After slaking the lime, put the whole in of men and things, they would form juster rarely take into account, and that is, time; a vessel, with as much water as will render estiinates and more correct views of human we find calculations of the value of ingredi- the composition of such a consistence, that life, and might be more happy. ents, &c. proving mathematically, that, by an egg will swim in it, with its top just above It is owing to this perverse attention to following the directions of the author, we the surface. Immerse in this liquid as many the present, this unphilosophical disregard shall obtain various necessaries or luxuries eggs, as the vessel will contain, or as you wish of the future, this ready disposition to dwell of life at a much cheaper rate than they can to preserve. It will be necessary to supply upon the evil and overlook the good, that be purchased; but the time employed in the waste, or disappearance of the water, party spirt is the subject of such general processes of this sort, even when conducted from time to time, to prevent the com detestation. The ill effects of party spirit with that expedition which is the result of position acquiring such solidity as would being more obvious and more immediately experience only, is much; and when they obstruct the occasional removal of the felt than the good,-men forget that the are attempted in the tedious and bungling eggs.

evils to which it gives rise, are temporary, manner of those wbo work by book, it is a

The following account of a practice, said and seldom affect any but the violent men of very large, and, we may add, costly ingre- to prevail in bake-houses, was new to us, party, whilst its blessings are eventually dient.

and perhaps will be so to the majority of felt by the mass whom it actuates, and desNot to dwell longer on the question of our readers.

cend to their posterity. the general utility or entertainment of

It is well known, that, in order to be able to supply

Party spirit seems to be closely allied books of this kind, on which opinions must the public with fresh bread for breakfast, bakers are and almost identified with that principle of necessarily differ; we shall consider the in the habit of working all night. About eleven the human mind, which urges every man to manner in which the design, whether ad- o'clock at night, they make the sponge or dough. promulgate and propagate his own opinions, vantageous, or not, has been executed in which, of course, must have some time for fermen- and defend his own doctrines and asserthe work before us. As far as a limited tation ; whilst this is taking place, the baker, who tions. In conversation, this principle pro

has perhaps slept little during the day, indulges duces various effects :-it urges some to be acquaintance with the subject, and a some-binself now; and as he is fearful of not awaking what hasty perusal, will enable us to judge in time to work the sponge into loaves, and of perpetually leading debate or provoking (for these books are not the most interesting baking it in the oven; he hits upon the following controversy upon favourite topics :-upon to one who merely reads them through), we ingenious but pernicious expedient. He knows others, its effects are less powerful; these should consider the execution good in the that the dough in the trough is every minute be never start any subject, but only contribmain. The details appear to us to be suffi- coming more spomey from the incessant, action of ute occasionally some few remarks; they

the ferment. This of will, ciently minute, and the principles and ex

course, raise or resist any weight placed upon the make good seconds, but fall altogether as planations correct. We were not perfectly dough; consequently the lid of the trough, and any principals :-upon others, it produces still satisfied with the selection; the factitious weight laid upon it, will be elevated, when the fer different effects; these will endure neither wines, for instance, occupy rather too mentation has arrived at that point, at which it may opposition nor contradiction, they will conlarge a portion of the work. They are sidering a similar elevation of his own body as a

be divided into loaves. The baker, therefore, con- descend neither to argue for persuade. but ordinary trash at best, and we think sufficient check on somnolency, lays himself down the varieties of character produced by parit quite as well, and much more econom

to sleep on the lid of the trough; the consequence ly spirit are similar to these, with which we ical to abstain from wine, than to manu- is, that he is certainly aroused from his unhealthy meet in conversation—and derive their ori. facture it from parsnips, birch sap, or gilli- slumbers at the required period.

gin from the same cause. Both in domesflowers.

The compiler of this work objects to this tic circles and public assemblies, we meet There are other receipts, which are not kind of incubation, on the ground of its per- with professed disputants, humble partizans, likely to be attempted by any but the manu- nicious effects to the sleeper; it is probable and confirmed bigots. facturer, who acquires his knowledge of these that other objections will occur to the more That parties should exist can not surprise processes by an apprenticeship or hy oral fastidious of the buyers and consumers of reflecting men. The difference in the hab and practical instruction, and as these are the article, which is thus

its, orgads of sensation, and intellectual canot accompanied by any explanation of the

contrived a double debt to pay,

pacities of individuals, necessarily causes rationale of the operations, there seems the

A bed by night, a quartern loaf by day.

diversity of opinion; and this diversity is less necessity for their introduction here;

greater or less in proportion to the quantity

REVIEW

of knowledge. Where the quantity of | judice and bigotry; then it forms a particu- writing. The brightest geniuses on both sides of knowledge is small, the matter of disagree- larobnoxious character of the opposite party, the Atlantic are engaged in this kind of literary ment is small. In every country where which it associates with every individual be- labour. Besides the many works called Reviews, there is any degree of freedom, where con- longing to it, and invents odious epithets all scientific or literary journals are made up of ar. science is not fettered, where the lips are which it applies indiscriminately to all its ticles upon books, and all newspapers which have not sealed, and where the press is not opponents ; this often leads to rash and un- a due regard to respectability of character devote shackled, there will parties, both political reasonable decisions, and to determinations a column or two occasionally to this most dignified and religious, always be found.

founded only on presumptions. Party spır- species of composition. The scarcity of new books, The wants and limits of human life are it, when it thus degenerates, operates eren in this prolific age, is already felt and lamentsuch, that it is impossible any individual mostly upon the leaders of the parties and ed as a sore evil by all writers and readers of liteshould examine for himself the truth of all their most ignorant followers, “men of rary journals, and that sad day may not be afar off, the opinions and doctrines advanced by such poor, narrow souls, that they are not when reviews can no longer be written, because all others. Men, who have neither opportuni- capable of thinking upon any thing, but men write reviews, and the art and mystery of ty nor capacity to do this. are biassed to with an eye to whig or tory.” The more book-making is forgotten. Sad indeed will be that one party or another by some prepossession enlightened,—whose eyes are not blinded or accidental motive; they then attach a by the mists of prejudice, whose judgments day, and doubeless the wits whom it will overshadcertain degree of reverence to the leader are not warped by the prepossessions of ow, will regard it,-to use the metaphor of a faof their party, which causes them to regard bigotry,—discern clearly and decide ra. Cimmerian darkness. But reviews are already be

mous English minister,-as the dawn of more than his opinions as correct, and consequently tionally. to adopt them with unreserved confidence. Power, among parties, constantly chang

ginning to turn one upon the other, and the preceIt is in this way that the mass of mankind es from one to another. If the predomi- ed a good living by stealing from each other

, affords

dent of the three respectable gentlemen who earnbecome party men. The enlightened few nant party, in the exultation of triumph, examine for themselves, and decide differ. become uncharitable and rancorous, their a comfortable hope, that they may mutually, or ently according to the depth of their inves- very malignity produces a reaction, and rather reciprocally, supply an amount of alimert tigation and the perfection of their powers. experience soon teaches the wisdom and sufficient for the subsistence of the whole. At all In the dominions of ignorance and despo- advantages of sobriety and tolerance. By events, whatever be the end of the present system, tism, party spirit is never found,—for igno- the alternations of party spirit from indiffe. it will last my day, young though I am. The conrance removes all cause of difference. Even rence to excitement, from excitement to sciousness of genius burns within me, and urges the votaries of learning and science will indifference, the tone of society and gov- me to high endeavours; therefore I must review. appear harmonious, if deprived of freedom ernment is kept up, and upon the whole, I have tried ;-and with what success, you must of speech and liberty of the press, for they approximates to a higher standard ; " old judge, as modesty forbids my expressing an opinion want a medium to convey their opinions. things pass away, and new ones take their upon that point. I offer to your acceptance the fol

Such is the attraction of party, that al- place” opportunities are given for aban- lowing article, in which I have laboured to realize most every man ranges himself on one side, doning antiquated principles and exploded the beau ideal of a modern or the other, in religion and politics; and doctrines, for substituting new measures, there is hardly a science whose devotees and adopting more pbilosophical maxims. have not, at times, been divided into par-Party spirit is a visible demonstration of Mother Goose's Melodies. Third Amerities--so perfectly natural is it for men to the power of the people-it stimulates the can edition, from the thirteenth English disagree. This division of men into parties great and good to deeds of patriotism-and

edition. Boston. 1824. 24mo. pp. 27. produces, in every case, beneficial results. if it sometimes ignorantly raises the unIt awakens the attention, it calls forth gen- worthy to influence and power, it as cer- AMONGST the literary productions of antiius and talent, it arouses the spirit of inqui- tainly hurls them down again from their ill. quity, pode have been so universally adry, it leads to deep and thorough investiga- gained elevation, to rise no more. Party mired, none have enjoyed a reputation so tion, it brings the truth to light, and spreads spirit, then, is the quickening energy, the permanent, as those masterpieces of epic it with more celerity, with greater effect, very vivida vis of free governments;—it is poetry, the Iliad, Odyssey, and Æneid. and throughout a wider range than it would the angel which troubles the waters of lib. Their fame is certainly merited, and it otherwise bave been diffused. In religion, erty to preserve and increase their healing were sacrilege to question it. We should knowledge has led to a difference of opin- and salutary influence.

be ashamed to own ourselves insepsible to ion, difference of opinion to variety of sects, Whilst the spirit of liberty retains its the excellencies that concentrate here, and variety of sects to the discovery and activity,—whiist diversity of intellect pro

and proudly profess to be ardent admirers propagation of truth, and to the confusion duces variety of opinion, whilst there is a of the splendid machinery, the rich invenand overthrow of error and superstition. “ pride in debate, and a joy in victory,"— tion, the fire and sublimity of Homer; as In politics, we march by similar steps from party spirit will exist, and, with few evils, well as of the elegance, dignity, and tenslavery and degradation to freedom and confer many blessings on mankind. They derness of Virgil. But though ever ready to independence. And both in religion and who never consider remote and latent award to the classic age its due, we cannot politics, party spirit preserves what it as- effects, but confine their views solely to refrain from censuring that blind venerasisted to gain.

what is present and obvious, will regard it tion for antiquity, which has been so prevaThe good effects of party spirit are great with detestation, and endeavour to procure lent of late years, and seems to be invariaand lasting. The evils which it produces for it the ignominious shroud of public op- bly attended with a groundless prejudice are confined and temporary; they are inis- probrium :-whilst the patriot and philoso- against modern productions. representation, falsehood, libel, and calum-pher will bless its existence, and pray for

These remarks were suggested by the ny. There may, at first view, seem to be a its continuance, since “ without parties, perusal of the valuable work of which the contradiction between the evil and good of cemented by the union of sound principles, title is prefixed to this article. It is not, party spirit; but it may be reconciled by evil men and evil principles cannot be suc- as many of our readers may know, a new considering that the evil effects are expe- cessfully resisted."

W. work, but a recent edition gratifies us with rienced by a few individuals in their char

Cambridge, Jan. 1825.

the opportunity of giving a particular acacter and reputation; the good effects are

count of its very interesting contents. more confined to the mind, though they

Perhaps we cannot present a more imparaffect both measures and men; the ill ef- It seems to me, Mr Editor, that no stronger tial and satisfactory view of their characfects are limited almost exclusively to the proof can be offered of the remarkable intellectual ter, than by selecting and illustrating at existing generation, the good extend to illumination of the present age, than that which length some poem which may be a just posterity.

may be drawn from the universal recognition of the specimen of the whole. The very first Party spirit too often degenerates into pre- I truth, that reviewing is altogether the best mode of that offers itself, as we open the volume;

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affords such a literary banquet as is seldom, ing essential to Epic unity. In this respect He put in his thumb and pulled out a plum! given to the intellectual epicure. It is not our authoress has been beautifully detinite, What a noble lesson does Mrs Goose long, and we will take the liberty of print. confining her hero to the narrow precincts thus happily and forcibly convey! What ing it entire.

of a corner. This limited spbere of action a sublime virtue is here exhibited ? How Little Jack Horner sat in a corner

must have been adverse 'to the free opera- great and pointed is the moral! Never was Eating a Christmas pye;

tion of his elbows, and greatly heightens so splendid an instance of disinterestedness He put in his thumb, and pulled out a plum, the difficulty of his undertaking, and in and devotion, as displayed by Mrs Goose's And cried, “What a good boy am I!" creases proportionably our interest and ad- hero in liberating this unfortunate plum We consider this beautiful production as miration.

But the minor excellencies of from its awkward and distressing situation ! a perfect gem. A poem written in the this poem are so numerous, that time would But our limits compel us to hasten on. Attic dialect, as we may say, of our lan- fail should we attempt to do justice to them A rapid review of the excellencies comguage, and possessing every qualification all. We shall, therefore, content our bined in this inimitable poem, may serve to requisite to insure it a place in the highest selves with a cursory glance at its more render our estimate of its merits more comrank of Epic composition. A quarto edi- prominent features.

prehensive and correct.

The subject is tion of this work has been extensively cir

The scene now opens a little wider, and important, highly instructive, and justifies culated, and the literati thus furnished with active operations commence.

the magnificence of its apparel. The inevery facility for appreciating its worth.

Little Jack Horver sat in a corner

cidents are happy; the characters and deBut a groundless partiality for the an- Eating a Christmas pye.

scription remarkably fine. These, howcients, and a deep-rooted hostility towards the fame of more recent writers, still blind

It is necessary to remark, that, with re-ever, are secondary virtues, when compartheir eyes to its merits, and we rejoice that spect to this passage, there exists an im- ed with the plot, which unites in perfection

those indispensable requisites, unity and it is proposed to publish a stereotype edi- portant difference of opinion; it is not cer. {ain that the line was written as it is print served throughout, and Mrs

Goose seems

greatness. A becoming dignity is pre. tion in a cheap and popular form. One of the first and most important objects with

ed, and many annotators insist upon the masters of the Epic, has been to select insertion of “Thanksgiving” in lieu of the to have been well aware that the Epic

abhors the ludicrous.” With regard to word “ Christmas.” It seems to us that there some remarkable personage for a hero. This contributes incalculably, not only to are few even plausible arguments in favour the principal personage, he is made to disthe unity, but to the interest of the tale. of such a change, and we have retained play that happy medium of character, the text reading for the following, among the bounds of probability. His passions

which reduces all his achievements within Let us examine how the work before us

other powerful reasons, which we cannot corresponds with this rule. Our poem commences in a manner perfectly original and now enumerate. In the first place, the are lofty, and at times incontrollable. He highly impressive. The ordinary circumlo- word Thanksgiving is highly injurious to is not exempt from the common frailties of cutory method is discarded, and we are im the dactylic rhythm is not suited to the dig- yielding to the irresistible temptation of

the metre, as the smooth and rapid flow of human nature; and thus we behold him mediately made acquainted with nity of the subject. Secondly, Christmas

fered by the Christmas pye, from whose duLittle Jack Horner

is an occasion vastly more important than rance vile he was soon to rescue, by force Vitiated indeed must be the taste, and the former, and far more consistent with of thumb, an innocent and sweet being. corrupt the judgment, that can be insensi- that sober solemnity which prevails through

This temporary transgression is perfectly ble to the beauties exhibited in the intro- out the poem. We trust that we have been final exploit, the merit of which is incalcu

natural, and very judiciously precedes his duction of this personage.

Jobo Horner's influenced to prefer the present reading, origin was probably obscure, and conse- principally by these considerations. Stil lably augmented by the contrast. His could be neither important nor interesting: cision may bave been partially biassed, by of the picture is relieved by some of the quently attended with circumstances that it is but fair to acknowledge that our de- failings, compared with his good qualities,

are as drops in the bucket. The dark side Moreover, a celestial or fictitious descent religious prejudices; for we are staunch for a modern hero, are equally out of the churchmen. The question, however, is a

noblest virtues that can adorn the human

mind. question. Nothing, therefore, could be complicated one, and every reader, it is

“ The magnanimous man,” says more happy than the sententious brevity presumed, will exercise his own judgment.

Aristotle, “is one, whose character, being and artful reserve of the authoress in this But we baste to the execution of our task. of great worth, is estiinated by himself at

its full value." exordium. A rigid investigation of pedi

Let iis see how the phiLittle Jack Homer sat in a corner, gree might have degraded the lofty opin

losopher's definition will apply to our hero.

Eating a Christmas pye; ion which Mr Horner's capital exploit is so

After a laborious and successful exertion of

He put in his thumbwell calculated to inspire, and to support

his physical powers; after an exploit that which ought to have been the writer's prin- most distressing solicitude on account of " universal emancipation,” Mr Horner is

The plot thickens.

We already feel als might well be regarded as the embryo of cipal aim.

our hero, who is gradually involving him- represented as retiring from notice, with After this graceful introduction to the

self, unconscious of danger, in a dark and that modest confidence in his own worth chief character, we are promptly and hap- intricate adventure. The greatness of the which forms the most prominent characterpily conducted to the scene of bis heroic emergency rejects all digression or ampli-istic of genuine magnanimity. Such is the achievements.

fying, and calls for the utmost rapidity of concluding sentiment; and this truly great Little Jack Horner sat in a corner. narration and thought. Here, then, we

man retires from the stage, content with With regard to chronology, the precise are left to conjecture that the hero soon exclaiming “What a good boy am I!” period, at which the events of the plot becomes aware of his responsible situation;

C. took place, is not directly specified ;-a and the critical moment has arrived that most ingenious artifice of the writer to se is to develope the energies of his soul and cure that freedom and license which others body. He espies a beautiful and innocent enjoy amidst the impenetrable fog of anti-being, suffering under the thraldom of a

No. v. quity. The time occupied by the action callous pye-crust. The incidents have been itself, was doubtless short; for it is obvious gradually concentrating to the proper fo

Edinburgh, October 27, 18, that the hero would have suffered no con- cus. Every circumstance has contributed MY DEAR FRIENDS, sideration to retard him in the prosecution to heighten the intensity of the interest I have now been, for nearly a month of a design which must have engrossed all produced, and our expectations are now comfortably situated in my winter estabhis faculties. But this is unimportant. wrought up to the highest pitch. They are lishment, waiting, or, as the Scotch say,

With regard to place, however, the case fully and immediately gratified by the unity wearying for the commencement of the is different, topographical minuteness be-l and greatness of the catastrophe. session, and filling up the intervals of more

LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER.

316

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serious pursuits by making bread-seals and good hexameter or pentameter verses. But the Calton and Costorphine hills, all comlearning to play on the bagpipe. The site this is a digression.

mand the most charming prospects, and of this city is the most irregular that can Doctors of all kinds abound here, Doc- there is a mixture of wildness and cultibe imagined. One may walk through a tors of Divinity and Physic, Horse Doctors, vation, which is altogether different from street, called the South-Bridge, and see and Cow Doctors; I observed a sign the any thing I have ever met with. A walk people traversing the Cowgate twenty or other day, which inforıned the public that of very few minutes round Arthur's seat thirty feet beneath him-and for crook- the proprietor was a “sooty map and smoke brings one into the most perfect solitude ; ed streets, it can only be equalled by Bos- Doctor.” In this particular the “gude and there are several places, to which, if ton itself.' The Old Town is built princi- town” equals a certain village in the neigh- a man were conducted blindfold he would pally upon a hilt, which bears some general bourhood of Boston, where l once heard a no more imagine himself in the immediate resemblance to the one I have mentioned at little Miss ask a lady with great naïveté, neighbourhood of a great city, than if he Sterling, the castle being situated on its if “there were any men in C, as she were in Juan Fernandes. There is bebrow. Owing to this irregularity, the ef- bad seen only doctors.”. Every calling is tween Salisbury and St Leonard's crags fect produced by the lamps, on a dark night, here subdivided, “ Jacks of all trades” a dell of this description, where at noonday is very remarkable; and if a stranger seem to be unknown. One man sells nee-one rarely sees any thing living, except a were dropped down in Prince's street, in dles, and another thread. If you ask a few sheep; and from whence you may walk such a night, the only possible conclusion Bookseller for paper, he will send you to a in less than ten minutes into the Canonhe could arrive at would be, that he was Stationer, and you must get your pens of a gate, where you will be jostled, at every situated on the main-land of Laputa, and quill-cutter.

step, by men, women, and children gentle that the lights of the Old Town were in I think the most sociable affairs, that and simple, exquisites and blackguards, the floating island.

kave fallen under my observation in Edin- barebeaded Farlets and barebottomed HighThe accounts we have of the height of burgh, are the funerals. Soon after I landers. some of the houses are very little exag- arrived here, I observed a troop of peo- I have made hardly a single acquaintgerated; it is a consequence of the ine- ple passing my window, with black crape ance as yet in this place, having deliverquality of their foundations. For you can pendants to their bats, and white cuffs, ed but one introductory letter; and when easily imagine that if the roofs of the such as the ladies wear with us. They I called for this purpose, and asked the buildings in Somerset street, for instance; were marching along in a crowd, talking servant girl if her master was at home, she were all nearly on the same level, as they and smiling; without tolling of bell, or replied, “ Yes, sir, he's at home, but he's usually are here, those at the bottom of the any resemblance to a regular procession. no in, he has not yet come from the counstreet would have twelve or thirteen stories. And if I had not, after some amazed scru- try;" which mode of expression may be You must not suppose however that such an tiny, discovered a coffin, which some of them Scottish for aught I know, although it edifice is but one house, in our sense. Each supported upon two poles or handspikes, 1 savoured strongly of the other side of the story is a separate domicil, to which you should have been utterly at a loss to ac- Irish Channel. enter from a winding stair, which is public, count for this unusnal posse. Since then, I Tomorrow the session begins, when I exand in point of fact, is a street or lane, set have noticed several of the same character. pect the scene will be changed, and I hope, up on end. Such houses as we inhabit are The nonchalance of the mourners is inimita among other pleasures, to see B—'s homehere called self contained.

ble; their dress is uniform, and I should ly face-not homely in our base sense, The shops in Edinburgh look very suppose that some of them were hired for a fico for the phrase”—but homely, as the beautifully in the evening, being illumin- the occasion, but that they would probably kindly Scotch dialect has it. In the mean ated by gas lights, disposed in a va- look more lugubrious, if they were paid for time I have lived the life of an ancborite riety of fantastic forms. Near the town iti

in respect to company, and in the midst of are large manufactories of this gas, which We were wont to laugh at Boston notions a metropolis am in danger of forgetting is conveyed through it, by means of pipes and the eagerness, with which our iellow- the sound of my own voice-since, like running beneath the pavement, and from citizens run after every strange tish” that Triangle of facetious memory, with the exwhich proceed smaller copper tubes lead- claims their attention, but to judge from the ception of my landlady, I converse with ing to individual shops or houses. The public prints, motley is a very good wear in none but the dead. The liberal tas upon stream, thus obtained, is suffered to jet out this island. I observed the other day a no- light and air forbids my apartment to bare through holes, about large enough to admit tice of a man, who, a few years since, col but one window; fortunately it is a large a large pin, and arranged, according to the lected an enormous assemblage of people, one and looks towards the west, at which I fancy of the occupant, in circles, fleurs de in the very capital of one of the most cul: am as well pleased as a good mussulman is lis, &c. Some of the streets are also lighted tivated nations of the world, to see him said to have his house face towards Mecca-kis in a similar manner, and the difference be- down a river in a tub drawn by four geese, orisons (that is, if he lives on the Barbary tween the effects of this method and the and ride back in a car drawn by as many shore) dy over the great desert of sand

, “ darkness visible" of oil lamps is prodigious. white lom-cats ! Head of Confucius! and mine over the great expanse of waters

Edinburgh abounds now, as well as in the "Mais c'est un sage peuple, s'amuse bien.” Farewell.
days of Monkbarns, with bookstalls. At I saw to-day a very beautiful display of
a mean looking establishment of this kind | archery, as I was walking through a public
I picked up the other day Barclay's Argenis, promenade, called the meadows and resem-

POETRY. a book, which you may have seen, but prob- bling our mall. The archers were dressed ably have never read. This copy was in a handsome plaid uniform. I was much printed at Oxford in 1534, is perfectly entire, surprised at the distance at which they and stoutly bound. It has afforded me much shoot, and was told that the American In- When winter winds are piercing chill, amusement, as one of the great storehouses dians, who were here some years since, and And through the white-thorn blows the gall, from which the incidents and tricks of later who shot with great precision at short dis- With solemn feet I tread the hill,

That over-brows the lonely vale. When the tances, were confounded, when, on being novels have been borrowed. heroine's eyes are red with weeping, she re-invited by the Archers' company to shoot

O'er the bare upland, and away moves the colour by a little cold water, with them, they beheld the distance at

Through the long reach of desert wood - admota gelida,” and hides her blushes which the target was placed.

The embracing sunbeams chastely play, under a violent cough, “ violentam tussim."

There are probably more pleasant walks And gladden these deep solitudes. Mistakes, disguises, subterraneans, and all in the vicinity of this city than in that of any

On the gray maple's crusted bark the machinery of modern romance writers other whatsoever. In almost every direc

Its tender shoots the hoar-frost nips; abound, and, like Mrs Radcliffe's, the dram- tion, one meets with some new and roman- Whilst in the frozen fountain -hark! atis personæ now and then spout poetry, in | tic scenery. Arthur's seat, the Pentland's, His piercing beak the bittern dipe.

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WOODS IN WINTER.

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