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apoplexy, or what other epsy or exy, the By Wells & Lilly-Boston.

taken principally from the Arithmetic of S. F. La doctors have not decided, or whether it was

The Book of the Church. By Robert croix, and translated into English with such Alterspasmodic, or nervous, &c.; but it was very Southey, Esq. L. L. D. From the Second London order to adapt it to the use of the American Student.

ations and Additions as were found necessary in unpleasant, and nearly carried me off, and Edition. 2 vols. 8vo.

Third Edition. 1 vol. 8vo. all that. On Monday, they put leeches on my temples, no difficult matter, but the By Munroe & Francis Boston.

Elements of Geometry, by A. M. Legen

dre, Member of the Institute and the Legion of blood could not be stopped till eleven at

Theodore ; or, The Crusaders. A Tale Honour, of the Royal Society of London, &c. night, (they had gone too near the temporal for Youth. By Mrs Hoffland.

Translated from the French for the use of the artery for my temporal safety) and neither The Adventures of Congo in Search of Students of the University at Cambridge, New styptic nor caustic would cauterise the ori- his Master. An American Tale. Containing a

England. fice, till after an hundred attempts. true Account of a Shipwreck; and interspersed

A Family Prayer-Book: containing forms with Anecdotes, founded on facts.

of Morning and Evening Prayers, for a Fortnight

. “On Tuesday, a Turkish brig of war ran on shore. On Wednesday, great prepara- ined and Refuted by Argument and by the Confess- Third Church in Hingham. Third edition, newly

The Claims of Classical Learning Exam. With those for Schools, Religious Societies, and

Individuals. By Charles Brooks, Minister of the tions being made to attack her, though pro- ion of Scholars. By “Rumford.” tected by her consorts, the Turks burned

arranged, revised, and enlarged. her, and retired to Patras. On Thursday,

Adam's Latin Grammar, with some Im

By Slone and Fowle-Boston. a quarrel ensued between the Suliotes and

provements and the following Additions : Rules for the Frank guard at the arsenal; a Swedish lives and Writings of eminent Musical Characters. to the Making of Latin Verses ; A metrical Key to

A Musical Biography; or, Sketches of the the Pronunciation of Latin ; À concise Introduction officer was killed, and a Suliote severely Interspersed with an Epitome of interesting matter. the Odles of Horace; A Table showing the value of wounded, and a general fight expected, and Collected and compiled by John R. Parker. Roman Coins. Weights, and Measures. By Benwith some difficulty prevented. On Friday,

jamin A. Gould, Master of the Free Latin School of the officer was buried, and Captain Parry's

Boston.

By James Loring-Boston. English artificers mutinied, under pretence

(N. B. In this edition, that portion of the ori

Rainsford Villa; or, the Language of the ginal grammar which belongs exclusively to Eng. that their lives were in danger, and are for Heart. A Tale. By a Lady.

lish grammar, is omitted, as an encumbrauce enquitting the country,—they may. On Satur

tirely useless. This will give room for the addiday, we had the smartest shock of an earth

By W. Bellamy-Boston. tions contemplated without increasing the size of quake which I remember, ( and I have felt

the volume.) thirty, slight or smart, at different periods ; Source of Wealth; containing Receipts and Patents the Localities of all which are known to exist in

The Mysteries of Trade, or the Great A Catalogue of American Minerals, with they are common in the Mediterranean), in Chemistry and Manufacturing. With Practical every State, &c., having the Towns, Counties, &c, and the whole army discharged their arms, Observations on the Useful Arts. Original and in each State, arranged alphabetically. By Sanuel upon the same principle that savages beat Compiled. By David Beman.

Robinson, M. D., Member of the American Geolog, drums, or howl, during an eclipse of the

ical Society. 1 vol. 8vo. moon: it was a rare scene altogether. If By T. Bedlington & Charles EwerBoston.

A General Abridgment and Digest of you had but seen the English Johnnies, who

American Law, with Occasional Notes and Conhad never been out of a cockney workshop Greek. With Preliminary Dissertions, and Notes umes. The Four Gospels, translated from the ments. By Nathan Dane, LL. D. In Eight rob

Vol. VIII. before, nor will again, if they can help it! Critical and Explanatory. By George Campbell, Collectanea Græca Minora. Sixth CamAnd on Sunday, we heard that the vizier is D.D.F. R. S. Edinburgh, Principal of the Marischal bridge edition ; in which the Latin of the Notes come down to Larissa, with one hundred College, Aberdeen In four Volumes. With the and Vocabulary is translated into English, and odd thousand men. Author's last Corrections.

Dalzel's Collectanea Græca Majora. “In coming here I had two escapes from

Stereotype edition. the Turks.

By Charles Whipple-Newburyport. Publius Virgilius Maro;-Bucolica, Geor“ Yours, &c. &c.

N. B.

The Coquette; or, the History of Eliza gica, et Æneis. With English Notes, for the use “ To JOAN MURRAY, Esq,"

of Schools. Wharton. A Novel;

Founded on Fact. By a Lady Closing Note of Mr Murray.--Other letters of Massachusetts. Fourth Edition.

A Greek and English Lexicon. from Lord Byron, of the same tenor and force with

The Four Gospels of the New Testament those now produced, might have been added. But

in Greek, from the Text of Griesbach, with a Lexiit is presumed that these are sufficient to demon- By Collins & Hannay-Nero York. con in English of all the words contained in them; strate in the present case, what has been demonstrated in many others, that desultory, ex parte nal of Observations in England, Scotland, Ireland,

A Year in England; comprising a Jour-designed for the use of Schools.

An Introduction to Algebra. By War conversations, even if accurately reported, will often convey iinperfect and erroneous notions of France, Switzerland, the North of Italy, and Hold ren Colburn. land. By John Griscomb. Second Edition.

No. IV., Vol. 2, of the Boston Journal of the speaker's real sentiments.

Philosophy and the Arts.
JOHN MURRAY.

An Easy Method of Learning the Ele-
By Wilder & Campbell-New York.

ments of the French Pronunciation, in a few less

Journal of the Conversations of Lord sons; followed by a Comparative System of SpellLIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS

Byron ; noted during a Residence of his Lordship ing French. Third edition, much improved. at Pisa, in the years 1821 and 1823. By Thomas

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the merit of some of the articles selected) spell or pronounce. The pronunciation is

too limited to meet the wishes of those strictly conformed to that of Walker's By B. & T. Kite-Philadelphia.

readers who take an interest in this subject; Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, and is so The Influence of Tropicai Climates on and the specimens were too few in number exactly and peculiarly denoted, that no one,

who knows the powers of the letters, can European Constitutions, being a Treatise on the to answer the purposes of such a work. principal Diseases incidental to Europeans in the

From the marks of genius which are dis- mistake the true pronunciation. East and West Indlies, Mediterranean, and coast of played by some of our native poets, the The New Testament, with References, Africa. By James Johnson, M. D.

editor has been led to believe (perhaps not and a Key Sheet of Questions, historical, Observations on the Religious Peculiari- uninfluenced by partiality for his native doctrinal, and practical, designed to facilities of the Society of Friends. By John Joseph country) that there are quite as strong and tate the acquisition of Scriptural knowlGurney.

decisive indications of a national taste for edge in Bible-Classes and Sunday Schools, By H. C. Carey & I. LeaPhiladelphia. poetical composition, as is acknowledged in Common Schools, and private Families. By

the sister art of painting; in which our Hervey Wilbur, A. M. Second edition, Chitty's Pleadings. New Edition. A Treatise on the Law of Corporations. could not have been expected at this early country has already attained a rank that stereotype.

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It is the intention of the Editor that the trinal, practical, and experimental, design

work shall be accompanied with a General ed to proinote an intimate acquaintance The Museum of Foreign Literature and Introduction, partly of a critical, and partly with the Inspired Volume. By Hervey Science. No. XXIX.

The Journal of Foreign Medical Litera- of an historical nature. The plan has been Wilbur, A. M. Thirteenth edition. Stereoture and Science. No. XVI. Edited by John D. communicated to several authors, who have, type. Godman, M. D. without exception, expressed their consent

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The Editor wanted in Schools.

considers it unnecessary to be more particADVERTISEMENTS.

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HILLIARD AND METCALF.

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BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Lilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.- -Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
VOL. I.
BOSTON, FEBRUARY 1, 1825.

No. 20.
REVIEWS.

return of the Expedition, compiled, from two millions of dollars, ($1,995,000), which has atthe notes taken by himself and the gentle tended its construction, can be accounted for but by

men with him, the work now under notice. a reference to the difficulty of making a road across Narrative of an Expedition to the Source The district of country which it was in. / high and steep ridges, which perhaps had not been of St Peter's River, Lake Winnepeek, Lake tended that the Expedition should investi- and the most accessible points ; and, as we think.

sufficiently explored, to ascertain the lowest levels of the Woods, &c. &c. Performed in the gate, is of a triangular form, including to the injudicious manner in which the original year 1823, by order of the Hon, J. C. about three hundred miles of longitude

and contracts were given out. We were credibly inCalhoun, Secretary of War, under the seven hundred of latitude, and lies between formed, that in most cases the original undertakers command of Stephen H. Long, Major U. the Missouri, the Mississippi, and the north- tracts to a second set

of contractors, and in some

did nothing themselves, but portion out their conS. T. E. Compiled from the Notes ofern boundary of the United States. The cases it happened that the third or fourth set alone Major Long, Messrs Say, Keating, and following extract will show the instructions performed the work, the other contractors sweeping Colhoun, by William H, Keating, A.M. which Major Long received from the gov- away immense sums without any labour.* Had &c. Professor of Mineralogy and Chemisernment.

the divided lots, try as applied to the Arts, in the Universi

these only given to such as were really qualified to ty of Pennsylvania ; Geologist and Histo- | 1823, by the executive, that an expedition be im- siderable saving would have been obtained. The

Accordingly, it was determined in the spring of execute the work, no doubt can exist that a conriographer to the Expedition. Philadel- mediately fitted out for exploring the river St Peter's letting it out into large sections had the disadvanphia. 1824. 2 vols. 8vo.

and the country situated on the northern boundary tage of making it an object of speculation, and of There are many, both of the representa of the United States between the Red River of alarming many who would otherwise have offered Hudson's Bay and Lake Superior.'

themselves as contractors. tives and the represented in Congress, who The command of the expedition was intrusted to think that a little of our national money Major S. H. Long, and he received orders from the

At Fort Wayne the Expedition arrived would be as economically laid out in pur- War Department, dated April 25, 1823, of which on the 20th of May, and remained at this chasing useful information respecting our the following is an extract:

post three days. This village is maintainown country, as in paying members of the

* The route of the expedition

will be as follows: ed by the fur irade, and will probably flour

commencing legislature for making long speeches to get Wheeling in Virginia, thence to Chicago via Port ish, or rather continue to exist, as long as themselves reelected, -to say nothing of Wayne, thence to Fort Armstrong or Dubuque's Indians remain in the vicinity. It is one many more unreasonable ways and means by Lead Mines, thence up the Mississippi to Fort St of many similar trading establishments in which our happy land is preserved from the Anthony, thence to the source of the St Peter's our porthern and northwestern territory, " embarras des richesses." But it happens river, thence to the point of intersection between and, judging from Mr Keating's account,

-degree of not to be the fashion to think so generally ; tude, thence along the northern boundary of the may be fairly taken as a sample

. -and therefore our authors must continue United States to Lake Superior, and thence home- To a person visiting the Indian country for the for a season to quote European books as the ward by the Lakes.

first time, this place offered many characteristic and best authorities respecting America, and The object of the expedition is to make a gen- singular features. The town or village is small; our members of Congress must again and eral survey of the country on the route pointed out, it has grown under the shelter of the fort

, and con again defer the discussion of the expedien- together with a topographical description of the tains a mixed and apparently very worthless popu.

same, to ascertain the latitude and longitude of all lation. The inbabitants are chiefly of Canada oricy of taking possession of our Oregon, be the remarkable points, to examine and describe its gin, all more or less imbued with Indian blood. Not cause most credible Englishmen or Span- productions, animal, vegetable, and mineral; and being previously aware of the diversity in the chariards state conflicting or incredible facts, to inquire into the character, customs, &c. of the acter of the inhabitants

, the sudden change from an touching this debateable land and water; Indian tribes inhabiting the same.'

American to a French population, has a surprising, and the collected wisdom of the nation can From Philadelphia to Fort Wayne, the and, to say the least, an unpleasant effect; for devise no better way of learning something Expedition passed through a country, almost the first twenty-four hours,

the traveller fancies more about this immense river, than to sit the whole of which is well

known ; and al- bimself in a real Babel: The confusion of lan

guages, owing to the diversity of Indian tribes still, until some Leather-stocking or other though all of Mr Keating's work is inter- which generally collect near a fort, is not removed comes home from his beaver-hunt, and con- esting, our limits will not permit us to stop by an intercourse with their half-savage interpredescends to enlighten their ignorance. The long with him at his different stages. We ters. The business of a town of this kind differs so fact that the few expeditions which our would remark, in passing, that his observa- materially from that carried on in our cities, that it

is almost impossible to fancy ourselves still within government has sent into the interior, have tions upon the great Cumberland road tend the same territorial limits ; but the disgust which been eminently successful and useful, in- to illustrate the nature of our public econ- we entertain at the degraded condition in which the stead of making our rulers think, that omy.

white man, the descendant of the European, appears, enough is done, should, and, if they had Art has done little to add to the charms of the is perhaps the strongest sensation which we expelearned that true economy is the same natural scenery, except in the construction of a rience; it absorbs all others. To see a being in thing with wise expenditure, would teach road. The question of the propriety of opening, wbom, from his complexion and features, we should them the propriety of sending more.

at the national expense, a communication between expect to find the same feelings which swell in the

But the Ohio and Potomac, had been so much the sun bosom of every refined man, il rowing off his civilthe period for this degree of illumination ject of discussion, as to make us desirous of observ. ized habits to assume the garb of a savage, has may be yet far off ;-and in the mean time ing the mode in which it had been executed, and something which partakes of the ridiculous, as we must tell our readers something of Ma- the too favourable idea, which we are, perhaps, al- well as the disgusting. The awkward and con. jor Long's Second Expedition,

ways led to form, of what carries with it a national strained appearance of those Frenchmen who had The party consisted of Major S. H. Long of expenditure

incurred in the making of this road, and blanket, was as visible as that of the Indian

character, together with an account of the immense exchanged their usual dress for the breech-cloth the U. S. corps of Topographical Engineers, had prepared us for a magnificent work. We were

who assumes the tight-bodied coat of white men. who commanded the Expedition ; Thomas therefore somewhat disappointed at the state in The feelings which we experienced while behold. Say, zoologist and antiquary; Samuel Sey- which we found it as it is very inferior in execu- ing a little Canadian stooping down to pack up and mour, landscape painter and designer; and l'here is in the whole of the national road but little

tion to the Maryland road, which connects with it. William H. Keating, mineralogist and ge- to justify the high eulogiums which have been passed manner a fortune of one hundred and twenty abou

*One of these is said to have accumulated in this ologist. This last gentleman bas, since the upon it

. The immenso expense, atnounting to nearly sand dollars.

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weigh the hides which an Indian had brought for fact, that it was impossible for a garrison deep gloom over its brightest features. Cold and sale, while the latter stood in an erect and com- of seventy to ninety men to raise grain callous must be the heart of the voyager who can manding posture, were of a mixed and certainly enough for their own consumption, although cliffs that enclose this lake, for 'wild as the accents

contemplate unmoved and uninterested the huge not of a favourable nature. tion of the white man's

, his dress, which he had much of their time and labour was devoted of lovers' farewell are the hearts which they bear, not properly secured, was disturbed; and while en. to agricultural pursuits. The little grain and the tales which they tell.' gaged in restoring it to its proper place, he was the they could raise, was so fiercely attacked .There was a time,' our guide said, as we passed buit of the jokes and gibes of a number of squaws by the birds, that a party of soldiers was near the base of the rock, when this spot, which and Indian boys, who seemed already to be aware kept constantly engaged in shooting at you now admire for his untenanted beauties, was of the vast

the scene most melancholy crows and blackbirds! From Chicago, on tions that has ever occurred among the Indians. and the Canadian fur-dealer.

Lake Michigan, Major Long wished to go There was, in the village of Keoxa, in the tribe of The principal tribe of Indians in this re- directly to Prairie du Chien, being per. Wapasha, during the time that his father lived and gion is that of the Pottawotamies, of whom suaded that the route was practicable, al ruled over them, a young Indian female, whose our author gives rather a minute account. though no one had been known to pass She had conceived an attachment for a young hue

name was Winona, which signifies “the first bom." Perhaps no part of it is so interesting as

through it; but an old Frenchman thought ter, who reciprocated it; they had frequently met, that which relates to their notions and he could find his way across, and under his and agreed to an union in which all their hopes practices with respect to education.

direction they set forward, and reached centred; but on applying to her family. the hunter They appear to be very attentive to the proper their destination-which is on the Missis- was surprised to find himself denied; and his education to be given to children, in order to impart sippi, in latitude 43°3'-in safety, and with claims superseded

by those of a warrior of distincto them those qualities both of the mind and body; out encountering especial inconvenience. general favourite with the nation; he had acquired

tion, who had sued for her. The warrior was a which shall enable them to endure fatigue and privation, and to obtain an influence, either in the Here the Expedition was reinforced by an

a name, by the services which he had rendered to counsels of the nation, or during their military oper- escort of ten men under command of Lieut his village when attacked by the Chippewas; yet ations. When questioned on this subject, Metea Scott of the 5th Reg. U. S. Army. The notwithstanding all the ardour with which he pressed replied, that while he was yet very young, his party then divided, some going up the river his suit, and the countenance which he received

from father began to instruct him, and incessantly, day to the Falls of St Anthony, and the rest ferring the hunter. To the usual commendations

her parents and brothers, Winona persisted in preafter day, and night after nighi, taught bim the

It is difficult for of her friends in favour of the warrior, she replied, traditions, the laws, and ceremonies of his nation. pursuing the land route. • This he did,' said Metea, that I might one day us to do full justice to Mr Keating's inter that she had made choice of a man who, being a benefit my country with my counsel.' The educa- esting description of the scenery through professed hunter, would spend his life with her, and years of age; they accustom them early to the en- the following extract as a specimen of

the martial exploits. Winona's expostulations were, tion of boys generally commences at ten or twelve which he passed. Our readers may take secure to her comfort and subsistence, while the

warrior would be constantly absent, intent upon durance of cold, by making them hathe every morning in winter. They likewise encourage them to

literary character of these volumes. The however, of no avail; and her parents, having suchabituate themselves to the privation of food. In lake which is spoken of is something more ceeded in driving away her lover, began to use this manner, children are observed to acquire, more than half way from the Falls of St Antho- harshi measures in order to compel her to unite readily, the qualifications which it is desirable for ny to the head waters of the streams which with the man of their choice. To all her entreaties, an Indian to possess. Parents use no compulsory flow into Winnepeek Lake.

that she should not be forced into an union so remeans to reduce their children to obedience, but

pugnant to her feelings, but rather be allowed to they generally succeed in obtaining a powerful in

Lake Pepin, in most places, fills nearly the whole live a single life, they turned a deaf ear. Winoak fluence over them, by acting upon their

fears; they of the valley between the contiguous bluffs. In two bad at all times enjoyed a greater share in the affectell them that if they do not behave themselves as spots, however, a handsome piece of meadow land lions of her family, and she had been indulged more, they are bid, that they will irritate the Great Spirit

, the establishment of farms. The general direction a favourite with her brothers, they expressed a wish

is observed, which will offer great induce.nents for than is usual with females among Indians. Being who will deprive them of all luck as hunters, and of the lake is from west-north-west to east-south- that her consent to this union should be obtained as warriors.' This, together with the constant and never ceasing importance, which the children ob- east. The scenery along its shores contrasts strongly by persuasive means, rather than that she should serve, that their parents attribute to luck in all their with that of the river. Instead of the rapid current of be compelled to it against her inclination. With pursuits, is found to have the desired effect upon some of which present well-wooded

surfaces, while means to provide for her future maintenance, and

the Mississippi winding around numberless islands, a view io remove some of her objections, they took the minds of young persons, fired with the ambition others are mere sandbars, the lake presents a smooth presented to the warrior all that in their simple of becoming distinguished, at some future day, by and slugglish expanse of water, uncheckered by a mode of living an Indian might covet. About that their skill and success. Their fasts are marked by the ceremony of smearing their faces, hands,

&c. single island, and whose surface at the time we first time a party was formed to ascend from the village with charcoal. To effect ihis, they take a piece of observed it, towards the close of the day,

was un to Lake Pepin, in order to lay in a store of the blue wood of the length of the finger, and suspend it to rufiled; nothing limited the view but the extent of clay which is found upon its banks, and which is their necks, they char one end of it, and rub them the lake itself; the majestic bluffs, which enclose used by the Indians as a pigment. Winona and her selves

with the coal every morning, keeping it on it, extend in a more regular manner, and with a friends were of the company. It was on the very until after sunset. No person, whose face is black / When seen from the top of one of these eminences, fered their presents to the warrior. Encouraged by

more uniform elevation than those along the river. uay that they visited the lake that her brothers of ened, dares

eat or drink any thing during that time; the country is found very different from that in the these be again addressed her, but with the same il whatever may be the cravings of his appetite, he must restrict them until the evening arrives, when vicinity of the mountain island, passed on the 28th success. Vexed at what they deemed an unjustihe may wash off his black paint , and indulge, of June, for it is rather rolling than

hilly; and the table obstinacy on her part, her parents remonmoderately, in the use of food. The next morning quantity of timber upon it is comparatively small, strateri in strong language, and even used threats to he repeats the ceremony of blackening his face, and especially to the west

, where it assumes the general compel her to obedience." "Well," said Winona. continues it from day to day, until the whole of his characters of an elevated prairie land. About half “ you will drive me to despair ; I said I loved him piece of wood be consumed, which generally takes way up the lake, its eastern bank rises to a height not, I could not live with him; I wished to reinain place in the course of from ten to twelve days.

of near four hundred and fifty feet, of which the hrst a maiden; but you would not. You say you love

one hundred and fifty are formed by a perpendicu me; that you are my father, my brothers, my relaFrom Fort Wayne the Expedition de. lar bluff

, and the lower three hundred constitute a tions, yet you have driven from me the only man parted to penetrate the wilderness of about very abrupt and precipitous slope, which extends with whom I wished to be united; you have comiwo hundred miles, which separated them from the base of the bluff to the edge of the water, pelled him to withdraw from the village ; alone, he

This forms a point, projecting into the lake, and now ranges through the forest, with no one to assist from Chicago ;--and so completely was it bounded by two small basins, each of which is the him, none to spread his blanket, none to build his a wilderness, that their horses could scarce. estuary of a brook that falls into the lake at this lodge, none to wait on him; yet was he the man of ly get through the swamps, or find food place. The wildness of the scenery is such, that my choice. Is this your love? But even it appears enough to keep them alive.

even the voyager, who has gazed with delight upon that this is not enough; you would have ne do through they did, and in eight days reach the high bluffs of the Mississippi, is struck with un- more ; you would have me rejoice in his absence; ed Fort Dearborn in Chicago. This place in it what we meet wiih on no other point of the far- whom I do not love, with whom I never can be

common interest on beholding this spot. There is you wish me to unite with another man, with one is in the state of Illinois, and at the south- stretching valley of the Mississippi, a high project- happy. Since this is your love, let it be so; bus west corner of Lake Michigan. The soiling poini, a precipitous crag resting upon a steep soon you will have neither daughter, nor sister, nor and climate of this region, and the many bank

whose base is washed
by a wide expanse of relation, to torment with your false

professions of facilities it offers for cultivation have been water, the calmness of which contrasts with the affection.". As she uttered these words, she withpraised rather extravagantly, if we may ceives an additional interest from the melancholy decreed, that that very day Winona should be

savage features of the landscape ; but this spot re- drew, and her parents, heedless of her complaints, helieve, upon Mr Keating's authority, the tale which is connected with it, and which casts a united to the warrior. While all were engaged in

But get

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