Imágenes de páginas

We have in our commonest pursuits, and tion, than we have done, of its origin, For, The wet drift wood is collected on the equally in our rarest, been supported by hu- this would look like a defence, or an apolo- banks of the river, or the evergreen cut man sympathy. In our retirements from gy, where neither is required.

down, and the fire blazes cheersully. The the world, which have been but short and In reading this narrative of Franklin, teakettle boils in the shower of rain or few, and a relaxation instead of a pursuit, and the same is true of all similar works, snow,- the snow-drift is removed and a we have seen that which our fellows bave we cannot fail to be struck with the vast place for sleep prepared, the prayers for seen. We have never been alone. Our effects which are produced under the most the dead are read, in addition to the evenprivations have been all voluntary; and unfavourable circumstances, by a very few ing service, over the grave of the murdered when a little more severe or annoying than individuals. This is contrary to common friend. At Fort Enterprise, in Franklin, common, the most they have demanded or observation and experience. We constant, where the extreme of illness was added to received has been a fretful exclamation ; ly see men acting together, and upon each all other physical suffering, the courtesies, and if there have been others with us, our other. The strong and ardent intellect, nay the decencies of common life, are obefforts have done little more than to divide which gives the plan, or merely states the served in a manner as affecting as incredithe feelings of impatience or disgust. principle, has in ordinary cases accomplish- ble. What makes this instance more strik

Now in the men, about whom we write, ed its main purpose; and every degree and ing is, that hope had preceded the travel. there is nothing of all this to be found. kind of human power, and circumstance, lers to this melancholy post, and it was There is a patience so bold and indomita- which may be necessary, comes naturally there all blasted. ble, that we at last become more astonish- into requisition, to carry out and make ef- It was said that the individual was ened and surprised at its failure, than at its fective, what the individual has newly grossed by his own wants. That the misery continuance. Franklin's Narrative* sur- started. We every where see men acting is too great to the individual, too personal nishes an instance of this, and explains our together, and in large masses, dividing la- to himself, to allow him to go farther. meaning. After having followed this travo bour upon a pin as definitely as upon an Were this to be taken as set down, we eller through an unbroken series of per empire. Men depend upon, and wait for should be ashamed to have written it. sonal sufferings, and wondered and admired each other; and he who seems the freest, Here would be common selfishness, vulgar at the unexampled self-possession he has has always settled with himself how the enough in all its expressions, but far more every where shown,-having seen the tur-responsibility shall be divided, if a division vulgar in this than in all others.

We bulent, and the vicious yielding to a per- should become necessary. This is all well, would not wrong these men for the world. sonal authority, powerful and irresistible and just as it should be. The effect cor. We would do honour to our own nature, in by its very mildness alone, we at length responds with the means, and a great the testimony we bear to its dignity and suhear an expression of impatience from one amount of comfort is produced by this con- premacy in the individuals about whom we of the party, and then a tone of irritation cert of the crowd. These would seem the write. The case of the individual in these mingled with ill-temper; and for a moment only terms upon which men could at all instances was emphatically the care of the we wonder that men, who have borne every live quietly together. If, like our “ trav- whole. He who saved his own lise, conthing, as nothing, could have found, in any ellers,” the individual were so much by and tributed largely and truly to the preservakind of circumstance, an evil which could for himself, it would be but a poor worla tion of his comrades. It might almost be for a moment have conquered them. Our indeed.

allowed us to say, that in these extreme wonder, however, ceases with its expression. In travellers, we see human beings un- cases, there is but one mind, but one inWe learn in a moment the whole history. der new aspects. They are few in num-dividual. The desolation is alike around The mind at last is yielding to the body. ber, and removed from common influences. all. The cold and the hunger would as Hunger and cold have the mastery. The Each individual in so small a community surely reach him who might, by unworthy night is no longer comfortable, nor the feels his personal importance. Each mind means, seek to protect himself, or supply sleep refreshing with the thermometer at is constantly kept in action for one's self, his own pressing wants, as him who boldly 50° or more below zero,—the acrid mosses for there is little room for its wider, opera- yielded his personal share to the common and burnt bones have at length ceased to tion. The mind does not expand here at stock of suffering, and who, under its heavy be palatable. The body will no longer least, with the remote and the uncertain, pressure, found his irresistible motive to bear all this, and the mind is growing con- the solitary and the unbounded. Danger help others as well as himself.

Where scious that existence on such terms is not is abroad every where ; and if this were there is no escape, there must be a common worth preserving. The mind grows weak less distinct, there is a pressure of the feeling. Distinctions are lost in such a with this consciousness, and men who were present, which keeps the mind and the mass, and all are felt for in one's own feelabsolutely living upon the sustaining influ- heart at home. Suffering, in its extreme, ing. Here we find the explanation of what ences of each other's minds, are peevish which is alike personal to all, which pecu- is otherwise unaccountable to us who yield and unkind to each other. This is the liarity of constitution and temperament so readily, and are so little pleased with most melancholy, the saddest moment in alike yield to, is here. There is no hope, the best that is done for us. We underthis whole history. We cannot feel, in any for there is no time nor room for it. Pres- stand how life may be preserved, and the shape, the circumstances, we can under- ent want must be supplied, present danger mind be preserved, where there are apparstand perfectly its effects. How dreadful averted, and with present means too, where ently no present means for doing either. was the situation of these men, when they there seem to us no means. There is no It may be that the mind gets new strength, could be unkind to each other. Theirs despair. These brave and glorious men by this continued contact with physical was not the resource, if any such there be, are equally beyond this, as without hope. suffering, as the magnet is said to do by unwhich we are taught to bnd in the world They may fall by the way and die, or the disturbed contact with iron. New circumwhen friends grow cruel. There was noth- human savage, or the wild beast may kill stances make it what we find it, and we ading for them but the miserable consciousness them, but this enters not into their account mit, and understand too, its novel and vast of a common suffering. The misery could for a moment. They are like enchanted effects. only be added to, by its being felt, and men in the tales, and whether they next The aspect is new in which we see men complained of, as individual. And this did find a palace or a grave, has been no mat- in these instances, in another regard. In at last happen. It is unnecessary to tell ter of theirs.

leaving society, they have left its rules bethe reader that this state of things did not But in the midst and pressure of all this, bind them; and we find in their place a last long, or to offer any farther explana- we find human power true to itself, and ex- new code in true, but terrible harmony

erting itself in a minuteness of detail with all the circumstances. Necessity has * Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Po- which can hardly be credited. The daily been said to have no law. But here it belar Sea, in the Years 1819, 20, 21, and 22. By record is made, whether of a new suffering; comes a law itself. In Franklin, we des

John Franklin, Captain R. N., F. R. S. and Com- a new plant, or mineral; a dip of the pised the men who broke to pieces the mander of the Expedition.

needle, or a fall or rise of the barometer. I capoes, which our own foresight showed us


and go.

Then shouted long the plebeian crowd-
Rung the glad galleries with the sound;
And from the throne there spake aloud
A voice, “Be the bolit man unbound!
And, by Rome's sceptre yet unbowed,
By Rome, earth's monarch crowned,
Who dares the bold-the unequal strife,
Though doomed to death, shall save his life."
Joy was upon that dark man's face,
And thus, with laughing eye, spake he:
“ Loose ye the lord of Zaara's waste,
And let my arms be free;
* He has a martial leart,' thou sayest,
But oh, who will not be
A hero, when he fights for life,
And home, and country,-babes, and wife.
And thus I for the strife prepare ;
The Thracian falchion lo me bring; -
But ask th' imperial leave to spare
The shield---a useless thing.
Were I a Samnite's rage to dare,
Then o'er me should I fling
The broad orb; but to lion's wrath
The shield were but a sword of lath."
And he has bared his shining blade,
And springs he on the shaggy foe;
Dreadful the strife, but briefly played-
The desert-king lies low,
His long and loud death-howl is made,
And there inust end the show,
And when the multitude were calm,
The favourite freedman took the palm.

Kneel down, Rome's emperor beside :"
He knelt. that dark man;-o'er his brow
Was thrown a wreath in crimson died,
And fair words gild it now:
“Thou're the bravest youth that ever tried
To lay a lion low;
And from our presence forth thou go'st
To lead the Dacians of our bost."
Then flushed his cheek, but not with pride,
And grieved and gloomily spoke be:

My cabin stands where blitbely glide
Proud Danube's waters to the sea;
I have a young and blooming bride,
And I have children three;
No Roman wealth nor rank can give
Such joy, as in their arms to live.
My wife sits at the cabin door,
With throbbing heart and swollen eyes;
While tears her cheek are coursing o'er,
She speaks of sundered ties.
She bids my tender babes deplore
The death their father dies;
She tells these jewels of my home,
I bleed to please the rout of Rome.
I cannot let those cherubs stray
Without their sire's protecting care ;
And I would chase the griefs away
Which cloud my wedded fair."
The monarch spoke, the guards obey,
And gates unclosed are;
He is gone-no golden bribes divide
The Dacian from his babes and bride.

were not

would soon become indispensably necessa- evil is made even less by a greater, though ry. But these men could scarcely carry borne by other men.

Human power, as themselves, much less the comparatively displayed in these works, teaches us, who heavy canoes. When the faithful Hepburn have a common property in it with all the begs Richardson to let him shoot the mer- world, how strangely capable we are; and ciless Michel ; when he is shot, and the if we want a new motive for becoming redreadful uncertainty recurs to us as to the ligious men, we may find one here. final disposal of the body; the strange assumption of function by one individual, witness, judge, and executioner, never

POETRY. startles us. It seems dreadful to us that a society so small, reduced to three only, should be made smaller by a violent death.

The sad and solemn night There was a slow coming of death to all, Has yet her multitude of cheerful fires ; foreboded by famine and cold; and it almost

The glorious host of light seems to us, that murder might here have Walk the dark hemisphere till she retires : been kind. But if life be made dear by our All through her silent watches, gliding slow, care for it, and by suffering, in its ordinary Her constellations come, and round the heavens, forms and degrees, how inestimably precious was it to these wretched men. It was all Day, too, hath many a star that remained to them. They were now ex. To grace his gorgeous reign, as bright as they: hausted, and hardly able to totter a few Unseen, they follow in his flaming way.

Through the blue fields asar, steps to get moss for their food, or fuel to Many a bright lingerer, as the eve grows dim, cook it. Michel remained strong; was Tells what å radiant troop arose and set with him. active, and oppressive by his mere physical strength. He had lost his respect for one And thou dost see them rise, of them, who in the common ranks of life Star of the Pole! and thou dost see them set. was far his superior. He had, above all, lost Thou keep'st thy old unmoving station yet,

Alone, in thy cold skies, his relationship to them. He had shot a Nor join's the dances of that glittering train, sick, and most beloved friend; one whom Nor dipst thy virgin orb in the blue western main. we could not help loving in every page of the narrative. We said we

There, at morn's rosy birth,

Thou lookest meekly through the kindling air, startled by the act which killed him. The

And eve, that round the earth morality of it was unquestioned. We felt Chases the day, beholds thee watching there; for an instant something as we did in one There noontide finds thee, and the hour that calls of Scott's novels, where the mad enthusiast The shapes of polar flame to scale heaven's azure

walls. in the hovel, starts up and puts the hour hand of the clock forward, that the time for Alike, beneath thine eye, a murder might be anticipated. Death | The deeds nf darkness and of light are done ; seemed surely too near to all to be hurried

High towards the star-lit sky on to any. But the horror is a momentary | The night-storm on a thousand bills is loud

Towns blaze--the smoke of battle blots the sunone, and we rejoiced that one of the means

And the strong wind of day doth mingle sea and of destruction was removed.

cloud. These were religious men. It deserves to be noticed that men of this character The half-wrecked mariner, his compass lost,

On thy unaltering blaze have commanded some of the most impor- Fixes his steady gaze, tant expeditions of a similar kind which And steers, undoubting, to the friendly coast; have been recently fitted out by the gov- And they who stray in perilous wastes, by night, ernment of England, and which have ex

Are glad when thou dost shine to guide their footcited so strong an interest every where.

steps right. Is it claiming too much for our religion to And, therefore, bards of old, say, that it was this, which gave to these Sages, and hermits of the solemn wood men's minds a tone and spirit which noth

Did in thy beams behold ing could wholly depress or destroy? We That bright eternal beacon, by whose ray

A beauteous type of that unchanging good, know of nothing which could bave sus- The voyager of time should shape his heedful way. tained these men, under these circumstan

B. ces, but their strong and abiding piety. It will be perceived, from what has been

THE GLADIATOR. said in this article, that our interest in these works is not so much found in their histo- They led a lion from his den, ries of new regions and new manners, as

The lord of Afric's sun-scorched plain;

And there he stood, stern foe of men, in the conduct of the men who give them.

And shook his flowing niane. It is the operation of the new and the ter- There's not of all Rome's heroes, ten rible upon beings like ourselves, and the That dare abide this game. whole manner in which this operation dis- His bright eye nought of lightning lacked;

His voice was like the cataract. plays itself,--the high moral bearing, the intellectual resource the severe patience,

They brought a dark-haired man along, the fine disinterestedness,-it is all this Whose limbs with gyves of brass were bound; which attracts us so irresistibly in these

Youthful he seemed, and bold, and strong, works, and makes the fate of their authors And yet unscathed of wound. so deeply interesting. There is much that

Blithely he stepped among the throng, is salutary in them, if we will be taught by

And careless threw around them, as well as entertained. The lesser

A dark eye, such as courts the path
Of him, who braves a Dacian's wrath.


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THE VENETIAN GONDOLIER. Here rest the weary oar !- soft airs

Breathe out in the o'erarching sky; And Night!-sweet Night-serenely wears

A smile of peace ;-her noon is nigh. Where the tall fir in quiet stands,

And waves, embracing the chaste shores, Move o'er sea-shells and bright sands,

Is heard the sound of dipping oars. Swift o'er the wave the light bark springs,

Love's midnight hour draws lingering near: And list!-his tuneful viol strings

The young Venetian Gondotier.

Lo! on the silver-mirrored deep,

You may mark the Lover, with sigh sincere, but brought up again with three anchors On earth, and her embosomed lakes, Wipe from his sleeping eye a tear,

ahead, in quarter less four fathom water. And where the silent rivers sweep And tenderly tell his tale of feeling

When the tide fell, the sea was so heavy From the thin cloud fair moonlight breaks. To the form of love o'er his fancy stealing:You mark the Mourner, his friend embrace,

that the rudder continually struck the Soft music breathes around, and dies

And dwell with delight on that well known face, ground, and was lifted almost out of the On the calm bosom of the sea;

Which is now perchance but a form of clay, gudgeons. This was on the 1st of SeptemWhilst in her cell the novice sighs Entombed in a sepulchre far away

ber. On the weather moderating, the Her vespers to her rosary.

Or reposing deep in the coral grove,
Where the herds of the ocean delight to rove :-

Griper proceeded up the Welcome, but a At their dim altars bow fair forms,

northerly gale of wind springing up, the You may mark the Murderer wipe the stain In tender charity for those,

From the hand that is dyed in the blood of the slain; ship was driven into Hudson's Bay. That, helpless left to life's rude storms,

While his ghastly grin--and his sudden start- However, by perseverance, and taking Have never found this calm repose. And his quivering lip-and his beating heart- advantage of every favourable breeze of The bell swings to its midnight chime, Betray the truth his lips would not teli,

wind, she reached Cape Fullarton, the larThat a guilty soul-is a cruel hell! Relieved against the deep blue sky!

board entrance of Wager River, and withYou may mark the Mother assay to bless Haste!-dip the oar again!-'tis time The child of her love with a dear caress;

in about sixty miles of the spot (Repulse To seek Genevra's balcony.

Then waking-weep, that her tender care Bay) where she was intended to winter.
H. W. L.

Was bestowed on an object that was not there : The coast on the American mainland was
For its form is cold-and its grave is green, found so rocky and extremely dangerous,

And her smiling babe-was a pleasing dream!

that she was obliged to stretch off for


HENRY. The night is still, and the moon hath set

(To be continued.)

ampton Island, whence she endeavoured to And men, in the stillness of sleep, forget

make for Repulse Bay, but was driven by To dwell on the cares that must come to-morrow,

the tide directly to the southward and westOr remember the thoughts that awaken sorrow.


ward, against what was supposed to be Age, and youth, and beauty's prime

Wager River. Here strong breezes and a Rest in peace, while hurrying Time

heavy snow-storm set in, which made it Smiles to view, how calm and sweet

RETURN OF CAPT. LYON'S EXPEDITION. Are the scenes of slumber his footsteps greet;

necessary that the ship should be broughtAnd he thinks, while viewing the reckless throng,

The circumstances which have led to the to with three anchors a-head and made That the hour of his triumph must come ere long-failure of this branch of the North-West snug. The sea rose rapidly, and broke The hour when beauty and youth shall fade, expedition, are attributed to stormy and over the ship with tremendous force, formAnd both in their couch of repose be laid,

severe weather, which prevailed in a ing thick coats of ice in an instant, so as Enwrapped in that sleep which shall know no waking

more intense degree than the oldest to connect the shrouds together half way 'Till the hoary pillars of earth are shaking.

northern navigator remembers, and to the up the rigging. The snow also fell so fast The stormy feelings of man are at rest,

extraordinary bad qualities of the ship for that the men had much difficulty in keepLike a fathomless sea with a peaceful breast; the purpose required. It appears that the ing the decks clear. The ship all this With not a heave of their boisterous motion,

Griper left Stromness on the first of July, time pitched so dreadfully, that the cables Save the sluggish swelling of past commotion,

and made Cape Chudleigh, on the Labrador came over the bumpkins, one of which was Breaking perchance in a groaning dream, Or a stifled sigh, or a frightful scream

Coast, on the second of August, having thereby broken. During the night, a large Then sinking again in that mystic deep,

fallen in with the icebergs three days pre- stream of ice was discovered coming down Where human passion is stilled in sleep. viously, and from which time she was beset upon the ship, but, most happily, it parted My heart would stamp on this page some thought, found to make so little progress, that the tion of it struck against the bows, which

with drift ice. In this passage she was before it reached her, and some small porThat is worthy of Him, who such wonders wroughtof Him, whose wisdom and might divine Snap, her provision tender, was frequently did no damage. The wind continued to Taught order to worlds, and bade them shine ; obliged to take her in tow. From Cape increase, as well as the snow; at five Whose word went forth- and the universe stood, Chudleigh, the Griper was obliged to stretch o'clock in the morning the starboard cable Whose power commanded-and all was good!

to the northward, to Resolution Island, parted, and, on the ship swinging to the Ye twinkling fires, that seem to lie As gems on the skirt of a spangled sky;

the field ice prevented progress up other three anchors, she was struck by a Ye glorious systems of upper air,

Hudson's Straits ; they were, however, en- sea and parted from them all! Her situaWhich seem to whisper that God is there ; abled to make slow advances to the West- tion at this time was the most perilous that Ye worlds of beings, whose souls perchance ward, close to the Savage Islands, until can be imagined : every individual momenAre pure as the light of the sun's bright glance,

they made Salisbury or Nottingham Island, tarily expecting that she would drive on As he lifts his head from the murky cloud,

but which place could not be ascertained, shore. Means of preservation, however, Which but for a moment appeared to shroud The glories which God, in his power, hath shed,

from the impossibility of making observa- were not neglected; the trysails were got To illuinine forever bis dazzling head :

tions off the Upper Savage Islands. Some on her, though it was so dark that no obYe heavenly host! may your beams inspire, canoes of natives came off to them, who ject could be discerned, and they did not And lift the soul of a mortal higher,

appeared to be of the same description of know so much as which way the ship's And teach his heart what it ought to feel,

Esquimaux with which our navigators were bead lay, from the compasses having ceas When borrors like this o'er his bosom steal.

before acquainted. They were dismissed ed to act, the ship being, as it is supposed, It is sweet to think, on a lonely night,

with liberal presents, and appeared much directly over or near the Magnetic Pole. When all are sleeping, and stars are bright- gratified. From Salisbury Island, the Whilst presuming, in this distressing diWhen the Kate-a-did cries from the vale and hill, Griper proceeded to the south point of lemma, that the wind had shifted off the And the murmur is heard of the cooling rillWhen the Cricket chirps in his lonely cell,

the Southampton Island, in which they land, as the water deepened, a sight of the And the Whipperwill whistles his last farewell;- were assisted by a strong current setting sun, and subsequently of the other celestial It is sweet to think, what a happy number, down Fox's Channel; but on their sound bodies, was obtained (of which they had no Now lost in the silence of peaceful slumber, ing Southampton Island this current, which view for some days), and the ship was found Rest sweetly on in their downy bed,

then came down Sir Thomas Rowe's Wel. to have been drifted out of the Welcome, Like the silent forms of a world of dead.

come, (up which they wished to proceed,) after having attained lat. 65° 30. There Yet oft doth the spirit of those who rest

was directly against them, and nearly caus- was at this moment no anchor left in the Awake from its sleep in the placid breast, ed their shipwreck. Southampton Island ship. Notwithstanding, it was determined, Aud breaking the shackles of Earth's control,

was found to be laid down with tolerable if possible, to winter about Chesterfield InRoam freely and safely from pole to pole! For this is the hour when Fancy roves

accuracy. Off the southwest end of the let, or even to the southward of that spot. Over friends departed, and youthful loves

island, the Griper was obliged to anchor, in The persevering efforts of all on board And deeds of darkness and scenes of guilt, consequence of sudden shoaling her water: were accordingly directed to gain the Where sin was committed or blood was spilt. in a gale of wind she parted one anchor, | American shore, but finding that the ship


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got into the shallows of Hudson's Bay, they in the hope of communicating with the own accord, one thousand pounds a canto were reluctantly compelled to edge away Griper.

for Don Juan, and afterwards reduced it to for Salisbury Island, still hoping that a few The Griper communicated with the Es- five hundred pounds, on the plea of piracy, fine and favourable days would restore to quimaux, natives of the Upper Savage Isl- and complained of my dividing one canto them their lost ground. The bad weather, ands, all of whom had frequently seen Eu- into two, because I happened to say somehowever, still continued, and there was ropeans. They were less savage in their thing at the end of the third canto of having much difficulty in watering the ship at habits and manners than their more north- done so.” these places, from a stream of ice. A num- ern brethren, but they showed a strong

Lord Byron's Letter. ber of natives came off to them in their ca- thievish disposition; they endeavoured to

Ravenna, February 7, 1820. noes, and trafficked their clothes for iron steal the oars and iron-works from the

“ DEAR MURRAY,-I have copied the At length, the hopeless con- boats. The Griper also communicated with tinuance of bad weather, the wretched the natives of various parts of Southamp- third canto of Don Juan into two, because condition of the ship (from her incapaci, ton Island, who had never seen a ship be- it was too long, and I tell you this beforeties), the officers and crew having suffered fore. They, however, expressed but very tween you and me, these two are only to go

hand, because in case of any reckoning bemore hardships than on any previous voy- little surprise; they evinced more gentleage, the advanced stage of the season, with ness in their manners, than any other of for one, as this was the original form, and numerous other concomitant miseries, com- the Esquimaux tribes, and were much better in fact the two together are not longer than pelled Captain Lyon to consent that the looking and cleaner in their persons-the one of the first; so remember that I have ship should be got out of Hudson's Straits women were rather pretty. All those not made this division to double on you, but (an extent of eight hundred miles of dan- people reside in the Walrus-hide huts, merely to suppress some tediousness in the gerous navigation), which place they had which are described in Captain Lyon's last aspect of the thing. I should have served scarcely cleared, when a southerly gale voyage.

you a pretty trick, if I had sent you, for drove them up to Davis' Straits, one hun- The Griper is ordered to be paid off, and example, cantos of fifty stanzas each. dred and fifty miles to the southward of sold out of the navy. A vessel better

Captain Medwin, p. 169. Resolution Island. Providentially a change adapted to the peculiarities of the service, of wind enabled them soon after to proceed will

, no doubt, be provided for Captain but it seems inevitable. I had no reason to

“ I don't wish to quarrel with Murray, on a southern passage homeward, and the Lyon and his meritorious officers and crew be pleased with him the other day. GaliGriper arrived here in six weeks, in the on the opening of the season, for further gnani wrote to me, offering to purchase the state we have described.

investigation. Captain Franklin, we unThough little has been effected towards derstand, is to leave England, on his land copy-right of my works, in order to obtain

an exclusive privilege of printing them in solving the geographical problem of a expedition, in February next.

France. I might have made my own terms, northwest passage by this voyage, yet

and put the money in my own pocket; insome most interesting elucidations of the

stead of which I enclosed Galignani's letter deviation of the compass have been brought

to Murray, in order that he might conclude to light. The compasses began to waver and contradict each other when abreast lications, occasioned by the death of this advantageously for his own interest; but

The European press is teeming with pub- the matter as he pleased. He did so, very of the Savage islands; and, as the ship distinguished character, in the form of ele- never had the complaisance, the common got to the westward, the compasses got gies, monodies, biographies, recollections, politeness, to thank me or acknowledge my unsteady and useless. Whilst the ship &c. &c., and he has even been already made letter.” was in Sir Thomas Rowe's Welcome, they the subject of fiction. Somebody has pubfrequently would not traverse at all, but lished a “Narrative of Lord Byron's Voyage

Lord Byron's Letter. stood in whatever position the card was to Corsica and Sardinia in the summer of

* Ravenna, Shre 4, 1820. placed. Should a passage be discovered by 1821," full of events as remarkable and as

“ I have received from Mr Galignani the Captain Parry through the Prince Regent's well'authenticated as those of Sinbad the enclosed letters, duplicates, and receipts

, Inlet, it is considered more than probable, Sailor, Baron Munchausen, or Lemuel Gulli- which will explain themselves. As the poems from the irregular movements of the ice,

None of these publications appears are your property, by purchase, right, and that it may never be entered again. The to have excited more attention than Med justice, all matters of publications &c. &c are Griper spoke several whalers, all of which win's Conversations of Byron; and it would for you to decide upon. I know not how far had been unsuccessful in the fishery ; no

seem that they have been proved to contain my compliance with Mr Galignani's request ship had more than two fish, and many none

a good deal of either accidental or wilful might be legal, and I doubt that it would not whatever. From the Captain Phenix whal- misrepresentation. In this work, Lord Byron be honest. In case you choose to arrange er, Captain Lyon heard that Captain Par is reported to have stated certain facts not with him, I enclose the permits to you, and ry's Expedition had been seen, in the middle of August, in latitude 710, beset with very honourable to his publisher, Mr Mur- in so doing, I wash my hands of the business

ray, ice. On the whole, the season has been the manner in which he had been treated you to exert the power you justly possess

and to have made some complaints of altogether; 1 sign them merely to enable inore boisterous, and, consequently, the sea less clear , than it has been known

for thirty circulate a small pamphlet relative to these with it further, except in my answer to Mr

by him. Mr Murray has thought proper to more properly; I will have nothing to do years. It was very questionable if Captain statements

, in which he shows the utter Galignani, to state, that the letters, &c. &c Parry would be able to reach Lancaster groundlessness of every syllable imputed to are sent to you, and the causes thereof..! Sound. Had the Griper effected a winter- Lord Byron, and refutes most completely you can check those foreign pirates, do; if ing at Repulse Bay or Wager River, or every particular item of these injurious not

, put the permissive papers in the fire. I Chesterfield Inlet, Captain Lyon with a and scandalous insinuations. Mr Murray's can have no view nor object whatever but strong party, would have made a land jour-pamphlet is very honourable to him. “It to secure to you your property. ney to Point Turnagain, near the Copper- labours at no reasoning, but simply states Note by Mr Murray. Mr Murray derived ng mine River, a distance of seven hundred facts

, and produces Lord Byron's own let- advantage from the proposed agreement, which was miles ; for which

expedition they were fully ters to confound Lord Byron's Conversa- by no means of the importance here ascribed to end equipped. Captain Parry, if he succeed in tions with Captain Medwin. As these are into effect: the documents alluded to ate still in bis

and therefore was never attempted to be carried passing the Lancaster Sound and getting of very considerable interest, and illustrate to the southward down Prince Regent's his lordship’s character and life, we think

possession. Inlet (by which Captain Lyon was next it worth while to insert them entire.

Captain Medwin, pp. 169, 171. year to communicate with him), he will

“ Murray has long prevented the Quarsend a land expedition, if possible, in the

Captain Medwin, p. 167, (Eng. Ed.)

terly from abusing me. Some of their bullies same direction, as well as to Repulse Bay, “ Murray offered me (Lord Byron,) of his I have had their fingers itching to be at me;



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but they would get the worst of it in a two poems, the Siege of Corinth and Parisina, I heard that Lord Byron was in pecuniary

which his lordship had previously, at a short inter; difficulties, he immediately forwarded fifteen set-to.

" Murray and I have dissolved all con- val, presented to Mr. Murray as donations. Loro bundred pounds to him, with an assurance nexion : he had the choice of giving up me earnest persuasion, to accept the one thousand that another such sum should be at his seror the navy list. There was no hesitation guineas, and Mr. Murray' has his lordship’s assign- vice in a few months; and that if such assis. which way he should decide : the admiralty ment of the copy right accordingly.

tance should not be sufficient, Mr Murray carried the day. Now for the Quarterly:

would be ready to sell the copy right of all

Captain Medwin, p. 166. their batteries will be opened; but I can

his lordship's works, for his use. fire broadsides too. They have been letting

“ Murray pretends to have lost money by

The following is Lord Byron's acknowlmy off lots of squibs and crackers against me, is poor, which is somewhat problematical to

writings, and pleads poverty; but if he

edgement of this offer: but they only make a noise and * * *

" November 14, 1915. me, pray who is to blame. “Werner was the last book Murray pub

“Dear Sir, I return you your bills, unac“Mr Murray is tender of my fame. How lished for me, and three months after came kind in him! He is afraid of my writing too cepted, but certainly not unhonoured. Your out the Quarterly's article on my plays, fast. Why? because he has a tender regard present offer is a favour which I would acwhen Marino Faliero was noticed for the for his own pocket, and does not like the cept from you, if I accepted such from any first time.”

look of any new acquaintance in the shape man. Had such been my intention, I can Lord Byron's Letter.

of a book of mine, till he has seen his old assure you, I would have asked you, fairly “Genoa, 10bre 25, 1822.

friends in a variety of new faces; ID EST, and as freely as you would give ; and I can“I had sent you back the Quarterly with- disposed of a vast many editions of the for- not say more of my confidence, or your conout perusal, having resolved to read no more mer works. I don't know what would be duct. The circumstances which induce me reviews, good, bad, or indifferent; but who come of me without Douglas Kinnaird, who to part with my books, though sufficiently, can control his fate? Galignani, to whom has always been my best and kindest friend. are not immediately pressing. I have made my English studies are confined, has for- It is not easy to deal with Mr Murray." up my mind to them, and there is an end. warded a copy of at least one half of it, in

Note.—In the numerous letters received by Mr Had I been disposed to trespass on your his indefatigable weekly compilation, and Murray yearly from Lord Byron, (who was not kindness in this way, it would have been as, like honour it came unlooked for,' I accustomed to restrain the expression of his feel before now; but I am not sorry to have an have looked through it. I must say, that ings in writing them) not one has any tendency to- opportunity of declining it, as it sets my upon the whole,--that is, the whole of the wards the imputations here thrown out; the incon: opinion of you, and indeed of human nature, half which I have read, (for the other half gruity of which will be evident, from the fact of Mr in a different light from that in which I have is to be the segment of Gal's next week's / Murray having paid, at various times, for the copy been accustomed to consider it.

right of his lordship's poems, sums amounting to circular), it is certainly handsome, and any upwards of fifteen thousand pounds, viz.

“ Believe me very truly your obliged and thing but unkind or unfair.”

Childe Harold, I., II.


faithful servant, Note. - The passage about the admiralty is un


“BYRON. founded in fact, and no otherwise deserving of no



“ To JOHN MURRAY, Esq." tice, than to mark its absurdity; and with regard


Note.That nothing had occurred to subvert


Bride of Abydos to the Quarterly Review, his lordship well knew

these friendly sentiments, will appear from the that it was established and constantly conducted Corsair


three letters subjoined, the second of them written


Lara on principles which absolutely excluded Mr Murray

by Lord Byron a few weeks before his death, and from all such interference and influence as is implied Siege



the last addressed by bis lordsbip's valet to Mr in the Conversations.



Murray, as one of his deceased master's most conLament of Tasso

315 Captain Medwin, 168.

fidential friends. Manfred

315 “Because I gave Mr Murray one of my Beppo


The first and last of these letters we omit; poems, he wanted to make me believe that Don Juan, I., II.


the second is dated, “Missolonghi, February


III., IV., V. I had made him a present of two others, and

1050 Doge of Venice

25, 1824." hinted at some lines in ‘English Bards,

Sardanapalus, Cain, and Foscari 1100 that were certainly to the point. But I

“I have heard from Mr Douglas Kinnaird, · Mazeppa

525 have altered my mind considerably upon .Chillon


that you state a report of a satire on Mr that subject: as I once hinted to him, I see Sundries

400 Gifford having arrived from Italy, said to be no reason why a man should not profit by

written by me, but that you do not believe

15.405 the sweat of his brain as well as by the

it; I dare say you do not, nor any body else sweat of his brow, &c.; besides I was poor

Captain Medwin, p. 170.

I should think. Whoever asserts that I am at that time, and have no idea of aggrand- “ My differences with Murray are not the author or abetter of any thing of the izing booksellers.

When he purchased •Cain," "The kind on Gifford, lies in his throat; I always
Lord Byron's Letter.
Two Foscari,' and Sardanapalus," he sent regarded him as my literary father, and my-

self as his prodigal son.
me a deed, which you may remember wit-

If any such com“January 2, 1816.

You “Dear Sir,—Your offer is liberal in the nessing: Well; after its return to England position exists

, it is none of mine.

know, as well as any body, upon whom I

it was discovered that * extreme, and much more than the two poems

have or have not written, and you also can possibly be worth ; but I cannot accept

This is afterwards filled up as follows:

know, whether they did or did not deserve it, nor will not. You are most welcome to “ It contained a clause which had been the same. So much for such matters. them as additions to the collected volumes, introduced without my knowledge, a clause “ You will perhaps be anxious to hear without any demand or expectation on my by which I bound myself to offer Mr Mur- some news from this part of Greece, (which part whatever.”

ray all my future compositions. But I shall is most liable to invasion); but you will hear “ P. S. I have enclosed your draft torn, take no notice of it.”

enough through public and private channels for fear of accidents by the way. I wish

Upon this it is remarked by Mr Murray: on that head. I will, however, give you the you would not throw temptation in mine ;

events of a week, mingling my own private it is not from a disdain of the universal such clause is to be found; but that this instrument peculiar with the public, for we are here idol-nor from the present superfluity of was signed in London, by the Hon. Douglas Kin- jumbled a little together for the present. his treasures-I can assure you, that I refuse naird, as Lord Byron's procurator, and witnessed “On Sunday, the 15th I believe, I had a to worship bim;- but what is right is right, by Richard Williams, Esq., one of the partners in sudden and strong convulsive attack, which and must not yield to circumstances.” Nr Kinnaird's banking house ; and that the signa- left me speechless, though not motionless,

ture of Captain Medwin is not affixed. Note.-The above letter relates to a draft for

for some strong men could not hold me; but one thousand guiaeas, offered by Mr Murray for Mr Murray adds, that having accidentally I whether it was epilepsy, catalepsy, cachexy,



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