Imágenes de páginas

and after the priestess had bathed in the renowned exactly, what it should be. The author thus Questions and Answers. The • Interrogative Castalian spring, she ascended the tripod, and states his plan in the Preface.

System' of teaching has now become very general breathed in the noxious air from beneath. When

in almost every branch of school education. Its she inhaled unusual quantities, she was often seized

• 'Tis education forms the common mind,

introduction may be traced to the Scholar's Arithwith violent paroxysms; and once her symptoms

Just as the twig is bent the tree's inclin'd.' metic,' in 1801. Some improvement in this system were so terrible, that the affrighted priests ran out The above couplet has been frequently quoted, has been attempted by the Author in the Reading of the temple, and left her alone, as they supposed and if the sentiment it inculcates be admitted as part of his School Geography, which is introduced to expire. When she was in these fits, she uttered true, we need never expect the agricultural to be here, where, instead of printing the question at strange and incoherent speeches, which the priests come a reading community, particularly as it re- length, which necessarily swells the book, a characpretended to interpret, and which the people were spects subjects relating to their occupation, until the ter (9) is introduced, intimating both to the Teacher credulous enough to believe proceeded from the god study of agriculture, in some shape or form, shall and the Pupil, that a question is required, and this himself. All who came to consult the oracle, brought be introduced into our common schools, and the character is invariably placed BEFORE the word rich presents. In process of time, the wealth of the minds of youth shall there first be 'inclin'd to or words intended to ask the question, and to which priests was immense, the temple magnificent be- agricultural inquiries and pursuits. And, indeed, the answer, FOUND BY READING THE SENyond description. It was crowded with marble and why should not this be done? There is time enough TENCE, is to be a direct reply. For example, brazen statues, paintings, gold, and precious stones. for it in every school; for as youth must be allowed take the first sentence; the character is placed beSo numerous were the images, that when Nero re- time and provided with books for learning to read, fore the words ‘first employment;' the question moved five hundred statues of brass, the loss was by making these inquiries the subjects of their read then is, What was the first employment of the eartoo small to be noticed. There are still some re- ing lessons, the two operations of learning to read, liest inhabitants of the world? The answer, from mains of this celebrated place. The steps by which and learning to think on these subjects, may be reading the sentence, is evident—The cultivation the priestess descended to the Castalian fountain, prosecuted and go on together, without any addi- of the earth.' are still distinctly visible. Dodona is principally tional expense, either of TIME OF MONEY.

Where the construction of the sentence suggests famous for being the most ancient oracle. It was Such is the plan here contemplated. • The no particular form in which to put the question, it consecrated to Jupiter; and, according to the fables Agricultural Reader is designed to be used as a may be, What is said of, &c.; as for instance in of those times, it was founded by a dove. Two reading book. Copious explanations of terms, the fourth paragraph, when the character is placed black doves took their flight from Thebes in Egypt; fundamental principles of agriculture, examples of before the words .commerce and manufactures,' one of which flew to the temple of Jupiter Ammon, good and bad husbandry, domestic economy, indus- the question may be, What is said of commerce and the other to the temple of Jupiter at Dodona, try, neatness, order, temperance and frugality, are and manufactures ? in Thessaly or Epirus. In a human voice, they in- subjects embraced within its pages—subjects, which,

. Let the class be directed to meditate answers 10 formed the inhabitants that Jupiter bad consecrated in one way or another, come home to every man's the questions to be asked on those subjects or the ground, and would from thenceforth utter oracles business and bosom,' and in which it cannot be a words before which the character is placed. After there. These oracles were sometimes supposed to matter of indifference, that youth should be well reading, let those questions and the wors also to proceed from the doves, and sometimes from the instructed, before entering on the theatre of active be defined, be put by the Teacher, and answered by oaks and statues in the neighbourhood; but in all life, whatever may be the parts there assigned them the class, in rotation. These exercises, it is beprobability it was the artiace of the priests, who respectively to act. Much of the matter and the lieved, will be found both profitable and enterconcealed themselves behind the trees, and thus de- manner are such as is believed will engage their taining. ceived the superstitious multitude. Another famous attention, affording at the same time many fine exoracle was at the cave of Trophonius. Noises and ercises for reading as respects cadence, emphasis, to improvements. The work would be more

We have only one suggestion to make as voices were said to be heard in this cave; and those modulation, and inflections of the voice. Every who entered to ascertain their fortune, always came thing otherwise pertinent to the subject is stud? useful and interesting, if it contained more out pale, frightened, and melancholy. This effect ously avoided, which would be improper to be of the natural history of animals and vegetwas likewise probably produced by some powerful read by either sex in school.

ables. When the present edition has been yapour in the cave, unwholesome for the human lungs.

The book commences with explanations sold, the reputation of the work will doubtLucy. Have oracles ceased in all parts of the of agricultural terms, which are designed to less make it safe to increase its size considworld?

be thoroughly learned. These will make erably, by adding the most interesting facts Aunt. I believe they are now entirely extinct. our scholars in the country familiar with respecting the uses, to which the various Many impositions of the priests were discovered, the common technical language in works animals and vegetables referred to, are apcredulity. Nations which are enlightened by Chris of science relative to most subjects con- plied in different countries.

This work will doubtless be followed by tianity, not only perceive the impossibility of dis- nected with their occupation. Every thing covering future events in this manner, but they are which will tend to render intercourse easy a Mechanic's Reader, a Merchant's Reader, likewise convinced how very useless such knowledge between the

literary and scientific, and the and some others, according to the same would prove; since our Merciful Father provides labouring class of the community, is of principle. We shall be glad to see them, for nations

and often in a way that must tend to the very great value ; and we think it too plain and we hope our bookmakers will suffer no good both.

to need proof or explanation, that the plan delay in producing them. The public mind

of Dr Adams will tend to that object. The is prepared for such improvements, and the The Agricultural Reader, designed for the author is true to the new principle, that labour of making thein will be well reUse of Schools. By Daniel Adams, M. D. scholars should be made to understand


every Boston. 1824. 12mo. pp. 264.

thing thoroughly as they proceed. To effect DR Adams has already acquired considera- this, he has a method of interrogating, Of An Easy Introduction to the Study of Geog; ble reputation by bis Arithmetic and Geog. which we believe he is the inventor. We raphy. We are highly gratified by discov- were not aware that the interrogative sys

raphy, on an Improved Plan; compiled ering, from the work before us, that the tem originated with him, nor that it had

for the use of Schools, with a view to renspirit of the age in which we live is taking been in use only twenty-three years; and

der the acquisition of Geographical Scifull possession of bis mind, and that he has we want more evidence of the fact. We

ence easy and pleasant to the Student. selected an important means for aiding in will not search for many examples of works

Accompanied by an improved Atlas ; exthe good cause of a reformation in our sys- constructed on this principle previous to

hibiting the Elevation of Mountains, tem of education. The improvements which that period, but mention the one that we

Length of Rivers, and Population of have been made, and are making, in favour first think of-the Assembly's Catechism.

Cities, from the best authorities. Ву of the Pestalozzian or analytical mode of Others, in the baser sciences, might be

Thomas T. Smiley, Teacher. Second instruction, will, we think, make his former mentioned. To explain Dr Adams' method,

edition, improved. Philadelphia. 1824. publications less valuable to him; but we which we think very good, we copy the fol

18mo. pp. 243. are not willing to doubt that he is suffi- lowing notes, pages 27, 28.

We think this book too small; it is well to ciently disinterested to sustain cheerfully The definition of words is an exercise too much introduce learners to the study of all scienany loss to which such improvements may neglected in our schools. To render this exercise ces, by elementary works, but it is possible subject him, or that he will receive an ample practicable and easy both for the Teacher and the to make these elements of knowledge too compensation in the sale of his Agricultural Pupil, certain words to be defined are designated by simple. In the present case, the most gen

a character (d) placed immediately BEFORE them; eral facts respecting all the countries in Reader.

and definitions of the words so designated are given We have not much to say about this book, in a GLOSSARY at the end of the Book, where they the world are very briefly stated; but we except that it appears to be nearly, if not l are to be studied by the pupil.

think the statements so much compressed,


that the pupil must commit almost the whole medalling, be-ribboning, and be-starring the citizen of Boston, “Where, sir, is the poof the book to memory, or he can profit Duke of Wellington and all his quality, or lice? Every thing here is regular and orlittle by it. The study of geography gen going out of the body with loyal transport, derly; but how is it effected, and where are erally interests the young, if the facts to as he escorted his most condescending maj- the officers ?" We are a wary and calculatbe learned and remembered are not stated esty, George the Fourth, to the various ing people, no way given to holidays, jubiin too naked and abstract a manner; and cities of his empire, he neglected no oppor lees, or uproar of any kind. Our young an elementary work in this science may tunity of sneering at our forgetfulness of and men sometimes play at ball, it is true, on avoid this fault without exceeding its prop- ingratitude to those illustrious men, who had fast days, and shoot turkies on Thanksgiver compass. We are no advocates for those in times of peril, directed the counsels, or ings, let off a few squibs on the occasion of works which are intended to cheat children fought the battles of this republic. But be- a governor's election, and burn a tar-barrel into learning ; but the knowledge present- ing tired at last of vapouring in his holiday- or two in honour of the Fourth of July ; but, ed to them may, and should be so presented suit, and settled quietly down to business, in general, these things are done in a disas to induce and encourage them to seek, on a sudden he is aroused by the echo of a creet and orderly manner; and it is the by study, for further knowledge. As this nation's shout of welcome to one of its ear- opinion of soine of the elders among us, that is intended to be a purely elementary book, liest and dearest friends. Mr Bull puts his the spirit with which they are conducted, as Mr Smiley has done wisely in omitting those pen behind bis ear, looks forth from his well as the enjoyment which they afford, is astronomical notices which are usually pre-counting-room, beholds processions, triumph- gradually diminishing. It is fair, therefore, fixed to Geographies; children may begin al arches, and illuminations, and hears ora- to presiime, that the feeling is deep and to learn geography at an age, at which it tions and addresses. He sees a whole peo- strong, which has aroused such a people, is impossible for them to have acquired that ple crowding to welcome and honour a man, and excited them to unite, as it were, with knowledge, without which they cannot to whom no welcome can be too hearty, and one heart and one voice, in the most, we comprehend the relation between this sci- hardly any honour too great; and what says had nearly said extravagant, demonstrations ence and astronomy and geometry. Ques- he to all this? Why, truly, he says it is demo of gratitude and joy. We rejoice that we tions are attached to the description of each cratic twaddling. Really, cousin Bull, you live in these days; we rejoice for the honcountry and state, and they are divided in- are hard to suit, and it is seriously to be our of our nation; we rejoice for the honour to two classes, viz. those which may be an- feared, that we shall scarcely ever be hon- of human nature. Let those who can neither swered from the book, and those which com- oured with your approbation, since we have understand nor appreciate the benefits of pel the learner to search the maps ; this so few legitimate objects of glorification. Our revolution, or the services of La Fayette, arrangement is not perfectly new, but it is We have no heroes of Waterloo, no dukes look askance at our enthusiasm, and insinua very good one. Throughout the book, the or duchesses, and, save the mark, no George ate that we are thankful for small mercies. mountains, rivers, and cities are divided the Fourth to reign over us; and as for our We will endeavour to set a just value upon into six classes, according to the height of Presidents, no reasonable person can expect the former, and by every possible method to the first, the length of the second, and the ten millions of people to go mad once in four cherish and proclaim our gratitude for the population of the third ; and this classifica- years. In the mean time, whatever our latter. We have other reasons for being tion is carried into the maps by figures, crusty relation may think or say, and prob- gratified by this general display of oational from 1 to 6, attached to each mountain, ably in this matter, as in some others, his enthusiasm. It has added strength to the stream, and city. We believe this plan to bark is worse than his bite, we have every ties that bind our union together. A party be original witń Mr Smiley, and it does him reason to be gratified by the reception which of individuals, whom, perhaps, accident has credit. There is one fault in some parts of General La Fayette has met with in this associated on some occasion of happiness, this book, which a little care might have country. We had heard of the selfishness who have visited together some delight prevented, and may still avoid, if it reaches and cold-heartedness of mankind, and read of ful spot, or passed together some delight. a third edition. Some of the statements the ingratitude of republics, till we trembled ful hours, when the cares, the selfishness, cannot be understood without an advance for the event of the visit of this benefactor and uncharitableness of the world were ment in koowledge for which this book is to our land. Our alarm has as yet proved cast behind them and forgotten, and none not at all calculated. For example, on groundless. He has been received, as one but joyous or kind feelings permitted to page 20, it is said, “On the 20th of March whom the people delighted to honour. The appear, will always to a certain degree and 23d of September the days and nights shouts of welcome have resounded from connect these feelings with the presence are equal in all parts of the world, because Maine to Georgia, and from the shores of or memory of their companions. "We reat those times the sun passes the equator.” the Atlantic to the valley of the Mississippi. gard the friends of our gouth with sentiA child who could perfectly understand The cynic may tell us, that the mob will al- ments, which no after ones can share; what is meant by the sun's passing the ways shout on any argument. But in these other friends may be more learned, more equator, and how this circumstance causes United States, we reply, and we have British sensible, more estimable, even more amia. an equal alternation of day and night, could authority for the assertion, mobs are rarely ble; but they want the charm which the certainly find many books upon geography seen. These are the peccant humours, that associations of youthful hope and joy alone better suited to him than this. There are infest the bodies politic of the old world. can bestow; we may admire, esteem, and not many faults of this kind, but there This republic threw them off with the mon- love the latter, but the presence of the forwould be none, if the author were sufficient- archical regime, which engendered them. mer lifts the load of years from our sboully impressed with the importance of mak. The passions of our citizens are continually ders—gives to the mind the feelings of aniing a school-book perfectly intelligible to exhaled through the newspapers, or the mation, which belonged to other days, and those for whom it is intended.

courts of law; their actions are sober and that renovation, which the elixir of Para. deliberate. A foreigner who should peruse celsus, had it been real, could never have

the alarms and denunciations of the periodi- imparted. Something of the same kind hapMemoirs of General La Fayette. With an cal press, which precede an election, might pens with the individuals of a nation. When

Account of his Visit to America, and of conclude that we were on the verge of they rejoice together, they will love each his Reception by the People of the United anarchy and ruin. Let him attend the other; when they unite in paying honour to States ; from his Arrival, August 15th, to election itself, and he will be astonished to merit, they will be proud of each other. To the Celebration at Yorktown, October 19th, find so little bustle or disorder; and as he a nation, spread over such an extent of ter1824. Boston. 1824. 12mo. pp. 264.

sees successive groups of voters quietly drop- ritory, whose component parts are so variWhen onr loving and well-beloved cousin, ping their suffrages into a box, and then go- ous, and whose sectional interests and feel. on the other side of the water, was filling ing about their usual business, will wonder ings so often conflicting, as our own, every up patriotic subscriptions and building mon- what magic has stilled the tumult, which he moment which consigns these differences to uments, with all his might, to the praise and had expected to witness, and perhaps in- temporary forgetfulness is a precious one ; glory of the conquerors of Napoleon, be- quire, as an English traveller once did of a 'and La Fayette has added one more to the

long list of his benefactions to our country, | times will do his character that justice which | groundless, and that the republic is safe. by giving us an opportunity to feel and act the times themselves have too frequently de- We have yet among its guardians a few, like Ainericans. The sons of the Pilgrims, nied; and we, who “ from our loop-holes of whose judgment the spirit of liberality could the descendants of the broad-brimmed gen- retreat” beyond the ocean, have “seen the not bias, nor the blaze of merit blind; they eration of Penn, or the broad-hosed burghers stir of the great Babel,” in which he has knew, that although General La Fayette of New Amsterdam, the sailor and the back- been involved, can understand and pay the had lavished his fortune in the service of woodsman, the hunter of the prairie, and the tribute of admiration to a character, such this country, the gift was a free one, and chaser “of the gigantic game on the coasts as the world has not often seen. From that no country is bound to return what of Brazil," have forgotten every thing on the account of La Fayette by Madame de was bestowed without stipulation or expectthis glorious occasion, but that they belonged Stael, quoted in these Memoirs, after recom- ation; they abhorred the idea of tendering to the same great and happy nation, and that mending the whole of it to the perusal of pitiful trash, to one who has shown that the one of the last survivors of those who had our readers, we extract the concluding re- only objects of value in his eyes, were the made them such a nation, was before them. marks.

rights of mankind. They knew, that be We have arisen as one man, and stood firm

Since the departure of M. de La Fayette for had long since become a citizen of these and united, and the friends and enemies of America, now forty years ago, we cannot quote a States, and they conceived him to be fully our confederacy may alike be taught by our single action or a single word of his, which was entitled, with the citizen soldiers of his conduct, that occasion alone is wanting to not direct and consistent. Personal interest never time, to the valuable privilege of serving call forth the same spirit of union, whether / blended itself in the least with his public conduct: his country without reward. They had seen

success would have displayed such sentiments to it be needed to welcome a benefactor or advantage ; but they claim the attention of the his- the petition of the veteran officers of our trample on an assailant.

torian in spite of circumstances, and in spite of revolution lying on the table of congress, In order to appreciate justly the moral faults, which may serve as a handle to his oppo- year after year, and session after session, grandeur of the character of La Fayette, nents.

till the dwindling list of its subscribers was and the merits of his claim to the gratitude Besides the claim of General La Fayette at last hidden under piles of road bills and and admiration of the people of these United to all the honour which it is in the power of draughts of canals; plans of fertile townStates, it is necessary to be acquainted with the American people to bestow, he had anoth- ships, manufacturing memorials, modificathe history of his eventful life, from the er upon that treasury, which, once so low as tions of tariffs, and maps of the interior of moment when he engaged in our service, to need the assistance of a private individ- the earth; and they beheld it in imagina. at the age of nineteen, to the present time; val, is now, as we are annually informed by tion disinterred, and the spirit again hauntand in the volume which is the subject of our chief magistrate, beginning to overflow ing the splendid hall, which they had hoped this article, we find this faithfully and very with accumulating millions. Such a claim was laid forever; they beheld the whiteagreeably related. We do not intend to could not be considered without aların by the haired remnants of the last century creepgive any particular analysis of it, as we ex. friends of that economy, which has ever been ing out once more from their retreat, and pect that it will be in the hands of all our the distinguishing characteristic of our gove heard again the appalling sounds of deprereaders, quite as soon as this article. They ernment, gaining the hearts of the careful ciated currency, funded debt, bounty lands, will learn from the details of the life of La men of these realms, and extorting the reluc- and five years' commutation. They felt Fayette, to admire the singular consistency tant admiration of Europe. They had reas- likewise on this occasion, what every true of his character. His speeches and writings, on to regard with anxiety the session of a patriot must feel, that the security of our as well as his actions, in every period of it, a congress, so lately collected from the union is debate; and that our liberties can evince the same enthusiastic and inflexible crowds that hailed the arrival of this illus- never be impaired till our representatives regard to civil liberty and the unalienable | trious person, their ears yet tingling with shall cease to talk. Their hands and their rights of mankind, and the same undeviat- the sounds of rapturous welcome; and their voices therefore were uplifted against reing opposition to any government which had hearts yet warm with the remembrance of funding; what they could not prevent, they not this for its object. In the war waged the dinners they had eaten to his honor. at least delayed, and history will forever by thèse Colonies, in support of these prin- It was to be feared that they would forget, preserve the names of those, who retained ciples, he lavished his fortune, and risked to a man, that tender regard to the people's their coolness amid the enthusiasm of a nahis life, with a spirit belonging rather to the money, which we cannot sufficiently praise, tion, and reasoned when others only felt. age of chivalry than any more modern pe- and vote by acclamation the payment of the riod. In his own country be soon after ap- the only part of our debt, which can ever be peared among the leaders of a revolution, liquidated ; and that some furious member, Escalala : an American Tale. By Samuel which professed to have the establishment in a paroxysm of frantic liberality, would

B. Beach. Utica. 1824. 12mo. pp. 109. of the same principles for its object; but empty the treasury with a motion, and re- Tuis poem exhibits some talents, but does when his companions and countrymen be- duce it again to that state from which La not exhibit them to advantage ;--the imagegan to carry the work of demolition beyond Fayette had formerly resoved it. It was ry is occasionally quite good, and the verthe limits which necessity and justice marked to be feared, that no civil courage, how- sification is often excellent, but there are out, La Fayette was no longer with them. ever tried, could resist the impulse of that many unpardonable offences against good His uniform adherence to these principles moment; and no soul could be so independent taste, both as it respects thought and exhave procured him the hatred alike of the of circumstances, as to be untouched by such pression, and the story is exceedingly derulers and refurmers of the old world; the as those, no heart so firm as not to be fective. despots immured him in their dungeons, softened; no voice so loud as to make its It must be known to most of our readers, and the demagogues denounced his name, prudential accents heard amid the uproar of that numerous mounds and barrows exist confiscated his estates, and threatened his gratitude. That even he, that old man vigi- in the interior of North America, the origin life; amid the fierce struggles and corrupt lant, from whose “wakeful custody, the of which is wholly unknown. There they intrigues of Europe, his opinions and actions guarded gold” of these United States has so are, but none living can say what hand have been unintelligible anomalies; and seldom passed without opposition, would re- built them or how many ages have rolled how could those of a disciple of Washing- lux bis diligence, and swell the vote of his over them,- for what uses they once serve ton be otherwise ; contending steadily and fellows, heedless of the twinges of prudence, ed, or what deeds or names they were in. undauntedly for the cause of reason, right, and careless of coming regrets. With such tended to record. The Indians who are and justice, he has been almost uniformly in fears, did the unbending patriot-economists of around them, know as little about them as the ranks of the weaker party. His zeal and our land await the doings of the greatcouncil we, Before our fathers came here, all activity have been a perpetual terror to the of the nation; and accordingly, no sooner had knowledge, all tradition of their beginning usurpers of unlawful power, and his exam- the logocracy assembled, than rumours of re- was lost, and the shadow of their memory ple a perpetual rebuke to the unprincipled muneration began to issue from the capitol. bad faded away, Mr Beach thinks that aspirants after it; but the history of these The event has proved that our alarms were every one may solve a mystery so deep as

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this, just as he pleases ;-in this he may be Tasted life's joys with richer zest,

And soul of more elastic power-
Were more contented, or inore blest.

More bland, more bright, in blissful hour, right; but he also appears to think that it is

More stern, relentless, undismayed, impossible for the story of a poem to oppose In peace they dwelt; the Indian, wild,

When danger roused or passion swayed obvious probabilities too violently ;-and in Bland nature's free but simple child,

Ne'er found in male or female breast, this he is clearly wrong. It is said by, or

Beheld, with terror and surprise,

Since time began, congenial rest.

Their race increase, their cities rise, for some Norwegian historian, that Nad

Though in her torm you might not trace
And hid him in some wildwood glen;

The nice proportion, or the grace, dohr, a petty chief of that kingdom, flying

Deeming the gods had left the skies

Which shone in love's all-beauteous queen, from Harold Honfager, who had subdued To tabernacle there, like men.

When erst by Trojan Paris seen; him and his brethren, discovered and colo

Accordingly the king and his nobles Yet such-so vigorous, yet so freenized Greenland; and in one of his voyages feasted and hunted after the fashion, which

Such beauty twined with majesty, to that country, was supposed to bave per their ancestors had brought from Norway,

Were chaste Diana's; v:hen she came ished by shipwreck.

To Tempe's vale, with quivered reed, Our author rescues and during the festival the “scalds” “in- Bent bow, and hounds of heavenly breed, him from a fate so undesirable, places bim voked the inuse, the rites to aid ;"—that is To rouse the sylvan game. near the junction of the Ohio and Missis to say, one of the bards relates an anecdote

Far from her wonted haunts, the maid, sippi, and permits him to found a colony of the witch of Hesleggen, and another

Intent upon her sport, had strayed, there, which, under the ninth of Nad- tells a pleasant tale of diablerie concern

And wearied, tumeri lo trace again

Her homeward course across the plain ; dohr's royal pedigree,” amounted to six ing the Ocean Queen. In the second can

Just as the dir, so wild and drear, hundred thousand souls. Scania is the

to the hunt begins; they ride on gallant Of that gay hun'— from hound and horn, name of this singular nation, and Gondibert steeds very furiously, and go through woods

On Echo's thousand voices borneis their king: The poem is introduced by where they had never been before, and

Burst on her unaccustomed ear. some lines about America and Americans, kill a great deal of game. We would re- Ruric carries off Escalala, and in the which are pretty good and nothing more mark, that the dogs and horses used upon next canto, Reta relates the circumstance In the first canto we are told that

this occasion, demonstrate the care with to Warredondo. It chanced that TeondeGondibert, in pride of place,

which Naddohr provided himself with ade. 'tha, to whom Escalala, just before she went Stern king of Scania's powerful race, quate means for the maintenance of ancient 'a fishing, had promised to be married the Summoned his nobles, near and far,

customs, or perhaps we nay rather infer, next day,—was with Warredondo at the To grace the pomp of sylvan war.

that valuable breeds of these animals were moment of Reta's arrival, and immediately Three days, his royal will decreed once indigenous to this continent, but are summoned his friends and followers to go To urge the chase with hound and steed;

now well nigh extinct. After they have with him in pursuit of Ruric, who in the And on the fourth, the gathered spoil

hunted awhile, they stop to rest and make 'mean time was riding slowly home without Of all their sport and as their toil, In one vast quarry to array

merry ;-in furtherance of which pleasant any apprehension of injury or danger. And thence, with pious care, convey, object, Ruric, the king's son and heir ap

While thus along their dusky way Of every kind, the fairest nine

parent, relates a most melancholy dream, Sauntered the chiefs, in loose arrayAnd offer them at Odin's shrine.which

Sudden as bursts from cloud-wrapt skies 'Twas an old custom, which his sire

The bolt of death Who fled, long since, from Harold's jre,

-checked their mirth, and sunk their tone

Was heard such hissing, in the air, or laughter, loud, and noisy glee, Had brought from Norway, o'er the sea,

As though ten thousand snakes were there, And he observed it, annually.

so whispered sigh and stifled moan
Of ill suppressed anxiety.

With brandished tongues and fiery eyes

And poisonous breath. For Scania's sons—though fabling pride But the next day they hunt again, and "Twas loud and sharp, like wintry blast; Their lineage to the gods alliedRuric's dream is accomplished.

But with such volleying speed it passed, Were the descendants of the crew

That scarce the startled ear believed
Of shipwrecked outlaw's, bold but few,

It chanced, on that autumnal morn,
Who, led by Naddohr, left the coast
When first the blast of bugle-horn,

Its impulse; each uncertain knight

Deemed it some viewless insect-fight of Norway, and by tempests tossed, O'er those wild shores and forests deep,

Which, with its hum, his sense deceived.
On Nova Scotia's savage strand,
Woke Echo from her lonely sleep;

Again it hissed-again--again!
With nought but life, came late to land.
That joying in the angler's sport,

And Ruric's steed, with sudden bound,
Young ESCALALA left the court
Long was their wandering; but at last,
Of her stern sire; and choosing twain,

Plunged violently, as from pain
Through many a wild and trackless waste, The loveliest, from her female train-

Inflicted by some deadly wound;
By Mississippi's hoary flood

And Albert, from his lofty horse,
Reta, gay, nimble-footed maid,
The homeless, houseless wanderers stood;
And fawn-eyed, bashful Arzilade-

Fell head-long down, a breathless corse.
And found them there a place of rest
With them along the southern strand

Then, well those gallant chieftains knew Richer than Araby the Blest.

The shrill, familiar sound;
Of Wabash-guiding the light wand

It was no insect hum, that threw
Which anglers use with skilful hand-

Such fearful warnings round;
The deep, embowering woods, around,
She strayed; and from the limpid flood

But arrow-flights, from twanging bows,
With vines and mantling ivy crowned,

Gaily decoyed its fiony brood. And thousand flowers, of varied hue,

That Indian maid-than whom the sun

Of vigorous, but secret, foes.
Fresh from their birth and moist with dew,
Ne'er looked upon a lovelier one,

" Halt!—form!” the word was passed, obeyed;

Soon was such active band arrayed,
Shed fragrance-rich as poets sing
Among the dark brunettes that rove

And flashing bright, each battle-blade
Elysian gales were wont to fling

In Otaheite's isle of love...
Round those blest souls, by Minos given
Was the beloved o'er all the rest,

Leaped lightly from its sheath ;

Each dexter arm was quickly bared,
On earth, an antepast of heaven:

Of the fair progeny which blessed
Seemed, that of nature's birth, the fairest,
Great Warredondo, Chief and boast

Each throbbing heart beat high, prepared
Of nature's boons, the richest, rarest,
Of the Algonquin's war-like host.

For victory or death.

"Now comrades, on the covert foe! Some fairy hand had culled, with care,

What though the blush with deeper bue

Stærn be the dint and sure the blow
Spell-bound them all, and placed them there.
Flushed her young charms ? it woke as true

Which makes such dark assassins know
To sensibility; its glow
And there, the wanderers stayed their feet Came with as warm, as ready flow,

A Scanian warrior's energy"-
And wept, like infancy, to meet
As though its conscious mantlings played

Scarce from the prince the mandate fell
Unlooked, unboped for, term so fair
O'er the pale form of convent maid.

When, from the shrubbery, rose a yell
To all their toil and all their care.
What though impartial nature chose

As wild, as though the fiends of hell

Were howling there, in agony: And there a rustic vill they reared,

No lilies, mingled with the rose,
Gathered wild maize, the forest cleared;

And from the thicket burst, amain,
To form the dusky tints, which lent

Brave Teondetha and his train.
And--but that memory's busy finger,

Her visage their dark garnishment ? Unbid, would still delight to stray

Through her swart cheek and eloquent eyes, Ruric was overpowered and nearly slain, From present bliss, to point and linger

Her soul, unclouded by the guise O'er friends, bome, kindred, far away

Of that slight drapery, beamed as bright

when Aldobrand, whoro his father had sent Not Eden's tenants, ere their shame

As the wild flash of magic light

to meet him, attacked and slew Teopdetha. And guilt, by the Destroyer, came,

Which evening throws o'er arctic skies.

Then Warredondo sends to Goudibert to

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demand Escalala, and Ruric will not let her Fiercely and fast, from wing to wing,

works and monuments left nameless and

On helm and mail their war-clubs ring; go, and the Algonquins make war upon the


And the living keep their stainless faine, Scanians; and, in a furious battle, one hun

We hope that Mr Beach is young, and

And the dying earn a deatbless name: dred thousand Indians defeat, with terrible

But o'er their shattered ranks, the fray

that, before he writes again, he will subject slaughter, sixty thousand Scanians. The

Spreads carnage, doubt, and disarray;

his mind to profitable discipline, and enbattle rages loud and long; and both parties They droop; they falter-and they flee! deavour to amend his taste. No one can are very near beating several times, before “ Húzza !--pursue the victory !"

read his poem without acknowledging that it is finished. It begins in this wise.

From the farthest verge of their flying host

he has talents of a bighly respectable charA short but fearful pause, Now hope is abandoned and order lost

acter, to say no more,--and regretting that Of hesitation, hope and dread,

And their bravest have joined in the mingling rout they are not used to better purpose.
Succeeds as to the burnished head
His shaft each bowman draws :

One might well despair of the Indian
Hushed is the clarion's breath,
cause, after all this; and doubtless the Sca-

And the drum's long peal, and the shout of death, pians would have conquered, and might
And silence, almost palpable,

have flourished to this day, to our no small
Sheds o'er each host so deep and full
annoyance, but for one remarkable circum-

Her noiseless spell, that the pained ear
Seems as if never more to bear.
stance, to wit, that Escalala, having escaped

Miss EDGEWORTH and her admirers canThus-ere the yawning earthquake burst

from prison, ran about until she found a To whelm proud Lisbon in the dust, MAMMOTH, mounted upon him, and came to not complain that her works have received And o'er her fall the billows rushed

succour the Algonquins and avenge her less attention than they merit. They posThe very elements seemed hushed : father's death.

sets no excellence, which has not been And thus-on Afric's deserts vast,

critically examined, and liberally applandWhere darts the dark Sirocco's blast

Vigorous, active, dauntless, free,

ed. Their faults have been faithfully exIts poison npon beast and man

Sheathed in burnished panoply,

posed, but generally treated with tender

And armed anıl girded for the slaughter, Through all the shuddering caravan;

ness; and she has bad every inducement

Like Juno's flower-begotten daughter;
Ere sweeps the death-wind's fated sound,
A horrid stillness breathes around.

On a mammoth's giant might,

and every assistance to render her works Rushing through the failing fight,

faultless, which could be afforded by the The word is given !

like Hope descending on Despair, Hiss the barbed shafts, the bowstrings twang,

most enlightened community in the world.

ESCALALA's self is there. And dinted shields and bucklers clang,

She has not been wholly upinindful of these And rings and rives the tempered mail, The lady and the beast do wonders; the advantages and facilities, and in many reAs pouts the arrow-shou er like hail, Scanians are beginning to fly, and are only spects, she has fully rewarded the confiAnd- echoing up to heaven,

sustained by the strength and fiery courage dence and liberality of her readers. In all Withering, and wild, and shrill, and fell,

of Ruric. At length Escalala espies him, that relates to the merely literary characBursts far and wide the savage yell; Thrilling upon the wildered ear

and a terrible combat ensues, which we ter of her works, she has made improveIn tones as dissonant and drear;

must give in the words of our author. ment; and, in her later works, the morAs when the winds and surges roar

ality is more refined, and she less fre

But the havoc of his brand On chased Superior's cliff-bound shore.

quently introduces descriptions of immoral

The injured maid descries; Nor shrink the Scanians; fast and free,

actions without distinguishing them with

And for vengeance, through the band, From all their fearless archery,

marks of disapprobation. She has, howev

Impatiently she flies.
With errless aim and hurtling might
Wings back the viewless arrow-fight-

Stern and implacable as fate,

er, rigidly adhered to her original plan of

And flushed with hope, and armed with hate, inculcating morality separate from religImpetuous as the flashing levin

Beneath her mammoth's rushing weight By which the thunder stroke is driven,

ion,--of teaching how to live well in the

The solid earth appears to tremble ; And ceaseless as the changeful motion

And her flashing eyes resemble

present world without any reference to the Of warriag waves on the troubled ocean:

world to come. Some fiery and malignant star

This indignity against And their answering shouts that defy the strife,

Glancing o'er the troubled war.

revelation has called forth numerous reAnd the sharp, shrill notes of the martial fife,

Not unobserved of Ruric, came And the sighs and the groans of the wounded

monstrances from her christian readers ; and dying,

That eye of fire, that heart of fame;

and it can have given little satisfaction, to

Nor from the combat turns aside, Dashed to the carth, in their heart's-blood lying,

receive equivocal assertions in favour of

In sear or scorn, his arm of pride; And the bugle's trill, and the drum’s loud rattle,

Nor waits he till the foe draws near;

her own and her father's faith. The public Float, mingle, and swell, o'er the raging battle.

But spurs bis steed to full career

required them to show their faith in their Warredondo leads a chosen band through With shield advanced, and dancing crest, works; they have not done it, and their an unguarded pass in hopes to surprise the And visor closed, and lance in rest,

excuses have been incompetent and frivoScanians; but he is met by Gondibert with

And soul as baughty, stern, and free,
As that which nerves his enemy.

lous. his reserve, deteated, and slain.

Mid-way, in their sounding course,

The works of Miss Edgeworth are so ex“Now, forth! and on the wakened foe,

They meet; and Ruric's gasping horse- tensively read, and their influence is so Ere he recover from the blow!"-

Encountered by the swerveless force great, that their moral character deserves Thus utters Ruric: o'er the fosse,

Of the huge mammoth from the shock more attention from our journals than it Spanned by the light but firm pontoon,

Recoils, as from the ocean-rock

has received. I would suggest some conDash, fearlessly, the glittering horse,

The rushing wave; and on the plain The heavier phalans follows soon;

Sinks, shuddering-ne'er to rise again:

siderations applicable to this subject; and And, like the earthquake's fated gush,

And hapless Ruric, swift and far

shall illustrate my remarks by references Their deep, united masses rush

As peasant might can pitch the bar,

to her “ Practical Education." But I must Upon the foe; whose frowning columns,

Is head-long hurled-like meteor driven first be allowed to quote the following highIn huge and dense and darkening volumes, Downward, from the cope of heaven. ly judicious and eloquent remarks respectStand to receive them, as fixed and undaunted

Dizzy he rises; his palsied hand As the earth, on whose bosom their banners

ing the moral character of her works gen

Feebly gropes for his useless brand : are planted.

But ere from its sheath he has freed the blade, erally, from the Inaugural Address of the Dire is the crash of their meeting bands,

On him rushes the vengeful maid,

late Professor Frisbie. Wild the din of their shivering brands;

And her war club's weight, like the levin-burst, “Miss Edgeworth has so cautiously comMore dire and more wild are the shout and the Dashes him down to his kindred dust; bined the features of her characters, that cry

the predominant expression is ever what it who die;

Through helm

and scull and gushing brain of the victors, who triumph, the vanquished, It sinks-and Ruric's with the slain.

should be ; she has shown us, not vices enAnd fearfully strewn is the gore-drenched plain Gondibert dies when he sees his son die : nobled by virtues, but virtues degraded by With the weltering wounded and tombless slain. no quarter is given to his troops, who are their union with vices. The success of Sternly the allics withstand

pursued and slaughtered day after day, un- this lady has been great, but had she availThe deaih-shock of the Scanian band; til the nation is extirpated, and all their led herself more of the motives and senti

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