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No. 18.

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REVIEWS.

culties, has learned little of its precepts, and a deep feeling of reverence and dependence.

imbibed little of its spirit in the purer days Early associations, as well domestic as poliLetters on the Gospels. By Miss Hannah of his own being. While we are thus dis- tical and religious, were unreluctantly given Adams. Boston. 1824. 18mo. pp. 216.

posed to ascribe much of the obscurity which up by his followers, wherever they inter

has been charged on Christianity to the state fered at all with the service he required of It bas been objected to Christianity, that it of mind of the objector, we as freely ac- them. It was on their part the unheard of is not sufficiently simple for the mass of men; knowledge that there is much in it which service of self-devotion to God, and to man, that its doctrines are obscure, and not always requires explanation. This is particularly with the strange condition and early expereconcilable with one another. It is said, the case with all those parts of it which re- rience, of contempt, hatred, hardship, and more time is required of men to learn the fer to circumstances of place, manners, and suffering. Still it was undertaken and perrule of duty than their condition and occu- character of the age in which Jesus Christ formed. If imperfectly, this was not on acpations allow. It has mysteries, it is added, appeared.

count of any reservation in favour of former which are too deep for comprehension; and, There are two circumstances in its his practice or belief. It was the reservation of nevertheless, these are articles of faith, and tory, about which we shall make a passing nature, and belonged to that infirmity which unless they are believed, the main pillars of remark, not because of any obscurity, but was essential to their human condition. Still Christianity are wanting,—our faith is vain. because they are parts of its evidence, and a vast change was made, a great effect was

These and other objections are urged because they have a connexion with the re- produced. A new standard of excellence against christianity, by individuals of vari- marks we are about to offeron the work named was given to men, and they were made betous conditions and different ages. They at the head of this article. One of these is ter by it. derive some of their claims to consideration the character, the life, and doctrines of the This effect was produced by the character from the classes who bring them; and there author of the religion, when contrasted with and instructions of Jesus Christ. We have is one class, which, while it furnishes most the times in which he lived. The other is already spoken of the first. It remains to instances, has still other claims on our re- the effect produced by all these on his fol- speak more fully of the last. The prevailing gard. It is the class of the young, who are lowers. Jesus Christ spoke as no man had character of the Gospels, which contain these coming into life; who are making their way ever spoken before, and lived as no man had instructions, is naturalness. They were inin the world ; who have good dispositions, ever lived. He is alone amidst his own age, deed accompanied and enforced by miracles. and whose characters are to be much formed and all the preceding. We have no difficully But these, however wonderful and appalling by things without and around them. The in finding him; and learn nothing of his his- when they were wrought, never occupy the religious character to these is of great value. tory in that of any portion of our race. He front ground. They are subservient and They are within the reach of many and va- is without prejudice, where it was most ex- secondary every where to the instructions, rious influences. There is a joyousness in clusive; a disinterested and wide lover of the doctrines themselves. Jesus Christ did not their natures, which is occupied with every man, where selfishness was a tolerated prin- come to our earth to astonish its inhabitants thing they see and hear. Their natures go ciple both of religion and philosophy. Claim- by his wonderful works. His sole purpose before them in the pursuit of happy things; ing and demonstrating a direct communica- was to exalt and purify the moral nature, and they are never wearied, for variety is tion with heaven, he is poor and houseless and to fit it for the eternity which was its always before them. It is of great conse- on the earth.

destiny. Men were not to be forced into quence to such a state of mind, that the ob- Now this is wholly unlike all that had virtue any more than they had been before. ject which most interests it, should be of the been known of man before. Human expe- No overwhelming influence is exerted any least questionable character. It must be rience had never met with its likeness. In where in his history. He is said to have obvious and simple, while it is lovely. It all the preceding times men retained some- taught as one having authority; but it was should be lasting in its nature, to corres- thing of the earlier ages, and were fair pro- the authority of knowledge. He knew the pond with the natural freshness which every ducts of their own. Times indeed have their whole extent of moral infirmity, and while day will bring to it. It should be animating livery, but the latest is always some modi-he mourned over the ruin, he loved it; and in its interest, that the tone of the mind be fication of the preceding. Human infirmity was bent on its restoration (the object of his not weakened. It should be of perpetual has descended in an unbroken succession. coming), let the sacrifice to him personally and increasing interest, because the mind It is the strongest feature in the moral crea- be what it might. He knew what it would enlarges with its objects, and when these lion. A moral naturalist would find in it be, and its whole effect on the human race. are exhausted, it will swell over and beyond one of the strong characters by which to With such knowledge, and with such a purthem.

determine and describe the species. Jesus pose, the authority of his instructions was Now Christianity is, of all others, the Christ has not this character of human iden- telt and acknowledged by strangers and by subject itself about which such a state of tity, and in this simple fact, he comes to us friends. His instructions belong, if we may mind may be most safely and usefully em- with an hitherto unknowo claim, not merely use the expression, to the mind itself. They ployed. Much that distinguishes it from all to distinction, but to belief.

reach its wants in their utmost extent and others, fits it especially for the susceptibility The miracle of his own character had its variety. They belong to it, because their of our natures when young. It brings dis- effect on the followers of Jesus Christ. It effect is to give to it its highest dignity; and tinctly in to view a character as lovely as run counter to all their expectations, and thus to fit it for the eternity which they it is elevated ; one who was particularly at- / disappointed their strongest hopes. But it every where declare to be its portion. They tracted by the beauty and simplicity of our was in beautiful harmony with all they were bring out, and keep in operation the whole nature, as exhibited in the young, and who taught, and with all the preternatural they powers of the mind; for their direct effect is even made children the illustrators of his witnessed. It thus became and continued to give it an interest, and the strongest insublimest doctrines. A work by such an a part, and a most important part, of the terest too, in topics wholly intellectual, such author must be fitted for such an age, and evidence on which the claims of Jesus Christ as its own nature and purposes; the being it may be, that he who objects to it its diffi | rested. With the belief was closely allied and attributes of God; the means of moral

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purity; and the relation of this to the fu-, and more readily convinced by a material, has afforded us to find that even literary ture state.

representation, than by an unadorned doc- conflicts may leave the moral dignity unThis character of the Gospels deserves trine; and would see the truth in an illustra. burt, and to find that this latest work of a special notice, when taken in connexion tion, where the simple annunciation of the lise devoted to letters, should have so truly with the prevailing opinions and doctrines same truth would be either not received or the spirit of the subject to which it is de of the times in which their author lived. It not applied. This was not true of the first voted. We close with a single extract, and does so in the next view we shall take of it. Christians merely. It is true of all men, with an unhesitating recommendation of the The instructions of Jesus Christ were not and of all ages. Jesus Christ availed him- volume to our readers. given for the use of a particular set of men, self of these facts in our moral history, and Our blessed Lord continues his discourse, by inor for a limited period of time. They are at the same time availed himself of every culcating heavenlymindedness, and the practice of designed for all ages, and for all men. It circumstance, however local or however virtues, to which the Jewish teachers were generalis in their leading, their sole object, that temporary, which might give attractiveness !y strangers. He warns his hearers against covetthis unlimited purpose must be looked for; or power to his instructions. He used the tice of the Pharisees, who were very avaricioas,

ousness; and reprehends, in particular, the pracand it is in the fact, that this object cannot intellectual and the physical language of and very much devoted to the world. They rebe wholly attained on earth, but may be the times. His doctrines were new, but sorted to any measures just or unjust, to obtain approached more and more nearly, that they they were for the mind as he found it, and riches. Our Saviour exported his hearers not to present a perpetual motive for the highest for the mind as it always would be. His lay up treasures on earth, where moth and rust efforts. The great object of these instruc- illustrations are borrowed from the serene steal." in the Eastem countries, where the fasbion

do corrupt, and where thieves break through and tions being thus to act upon the mind and sky over his head, and from the beautiful of clothes did not alter, as with us, the treasures of heart, the direct effect upon the individual Powers in his path The high mountain, the rich consisted not only of gold and silver, but is to preserve in him the consciousness of and the deep valley; the vast ocean, and of costly habits, and finely wrought vessels, liable bis being an intellectual being. Now we the narrow river; the fowl of heaven, and to be destroyed in the manner bere mentioned. Our yalue fairly what we have, just so far as we the wild beast of the desert, the whole ma- divine Instructer assured his hearers, that, should know its nature and its uses. And we value terial creation, are all made means of in- be also. Ye cannot,' says he serve two masters;

their treasure be on earth, there would their bearts ourselves too in an exact proportion to our struction. The same is true of babits and ye cannot serve God and Mammon.' Mammon direct influence upon others, by means we manners; and even etiquette, perhaps the was a Syrian word, signifying riches, which are understand, as well as can command. A most evanescent of them all, contributes here represented under the figure of a person who man who feels he has a mind, and knows so its share in unfolding the deepest myste- has been deified or rather been raised to universal

a much about it as to be conscious of its oper- ries, and discovering the most sublime and dominion by the folly of mankind, ations, and has found his dignity and his awful truths. If there be an apparent in extreme anxiety respecting our earthly subsistence,

Out Lord proceeds to caution his hearers against pleasure too in these, has a real and lasting consistency in this, its reason and its motive and gives a striking exhortation to trust in the possession in himself. The mind is no longer are deep seated in ourselves. In this late day, providential care of our heavenly Father. It addthe mere instrument of circumstances, and is not the providence of God as frequently ed a peculiar force to our Saviour's words, that adapted to these by accident, as the eye and rocognized and acknowledged in the protec- beauties of nature. He could point to the fowls of

they were delivered in view of the surrounding the ear are to the distances of different ob- tion it affords to the sparrow or the lily, as the air, and the flowers of the field, and show his jects of sight or sound. It is felt to be a in its daily care for us? and are not the auditors, that the whole creation attested the truth power of vast and strange attributes, plan- storms of the unconscious elements more of his instructions. Behold the fowls of the air : ning all, and doing all. The Gospels have eloquent and powerful with us, than the in- for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather this power every where in view. Their telligent nature, the strong power of con- them ; are ye not much better than they? The

into barns, and yet your heavenly father feedeth purpose with it is its indefinite progress to-science, the noble intellect, with which God ravens, in particular, are mentioned in Luke's Goswards the good and the great. They distinct has endowed us?

pel, and our Lord, in directing his disciples to trust ly call upon men to recognize this power in This clothing of his instructions with the in God for their subsistence, bids them consider the all they do, and in the perfection of its oper- times and places in which they were given, ravens. It may appear to some surprising, that sa ations with us, it reveals to us some of the is a cause of obscurity to us, with whom abject a creature should be so frequently recognised mysteries of a spiritual being. times are so altered, and places so wholly Preserver of all things. When the Most High

in Scripture, as an object of care to the Maker and We have been led to these reflections by unlike. But the scholar of the bible reads challenged Job out of the whirlwind, he demanded, the design of the author, in the “ Letters on it with its history; and the obscurity van • Who provided for the raven his food? When his the Gospels,” as stated in the Preface. They ishes. Our author has done it for those young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of are written for the young, to enable “them who have not time or inclination for a col

The Psalmist uses it as an argument for to read the New Testament with more pleas- lateral history, and thus has made the Gos praising God. "The Lord giveth food to the young ure and advantage, and that they may be pels accessible to the young.

ravens which cry.' 'The ravens are sometimes

This little driven rather prematurely from their nest, before induced to make the sacred Scriptures the volume is written with great simplicity. they are all able to subsist by their own industry

; object of their daily study, the rule of their The language is perfectly fitted to the In this case, pinched with bunger, and abandoned life, and their guide to everlasting happiness." | author's great object. She writes as one by their parents, they fill the air with their cries; The difficulties which it is in part the ob- always may, who has habitually, and for a cestitute and be pless condition. Nor do they cry

as it were complaining to God concerning their ject of these Letters to explain, may seem long time, thought seriously about, and in vain, the Almighty Benefactor supplies all their to contradict the views offered above. The studied her subject. It seems the ordinary wants. But the care of Providence is not confined Gospels were said to be perfect in their occupation of her mind, that she has car. to the young. It extends also to their parents character, and of perpetual and universal ried to her book; not the result of its oc-(who neither sow nor reap, have neither storeapplication. They allude, however, to much casional direction, and after long intervals. house nor barn”), and provides food for them from that was purely local and temporary, and it is hence all equally well done, and the the character of this bird may serve the more

his inexhaustible stores. Even the meanness of of course of limited and accidental experi- interest which is excited to read it, keeps strongly, in a considerate mind, to excite and estab

But the propriety and wisdom of up till the whole is read. We have been lish a hirm reliance on the wise and bountiful arthis can be shown by a momentos con highly gratified with this work. We ex- rangements of Providence. The argument of our sideration; and so far from diminishing the press ourselves freely and fully about it, Lord is exceedingly strong and pointed. If the force of our argument, it will give it new because we would pay our tribute, however Almighty hear not in vain the croaking of a young confirmation. The doctrines of Jesus Christ small it may be, to one who has been so plications of his people.

raven, he surely will not turn a deaf ear to the sup were entirely new, and his authority to long known among us in the high ranks of Our divine Instructer again turns our attention teach them was sbown by miracles. But the most dignified and useful literature. It to the beauties of nature, to demonstrate the provi, they were addressed to men, using their own has not been a career without its troubles, dential care of our heavenly Father. • Consider, minds ; who were to be taught, as other men that the author has so honourably pursued. they toil not, neither do they spin; and yet I say

says he, the lilies of the field, how they grow; are; who understood language as it is ordi- We would not have alluded to them, but for unto you, that even Solomon, in all his glory, was narily understood; who would be more struck, I an opportunity to express the pleasure it not arrayed like one of these.' It is,' says Sird.

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pp. 181.

our own resources.

E. Sınith, 'natural to presunte that our Saviour, ac- scientific, and philosophical subjects; and danger lest this should be the case; and we cording to his usual custom, called the attention of information, too, which he would not be apt doubt not that she will take our warping in bis hearers to some object at hand; and as the Tyllis Lutea, whose golden liliaceous flowers, in him to remember. Now these works are would be presumptuous to write books for fields of the Levant were overrun with the Ama. / to forget, and which it would be well for good part. She professes to think that it autumn, afford one of the must brilliant and gor-highly honourable to their authors, and they children, after Miss Edgeworth and Mrs geous objects in nature, the expression of Solomon are most excellent and serviceable in their Barbauld, were it not for the circumstance, in all his glory, arrayed like one of these, is pecu- degree; but they are also worse than un- that the works of these distinguished authors same species of flower is given by Mr Salt, in his of their real use are mistaken or forgotten. ace, we should infer, that she wrote in the liarly appropriate. A description of probably the profitable, if the limitations and true nature are emphatically English. From her Prefvoyage to Abyssinia. · At a few miles from Adowa,' says he, we discovered a new and beautiful species One good which they effect, is the teaching hope of making her productions equal in inof Amaryllis, which bore from ten to twelve spikes of useful knowledge; but there is a greater terest to those of the authors referred to, by of bloom on each sten, springing from the common good which they may, and should effect; compensating for the want of their “simple receptacle. The general colour of the corolla was they may form in the mind a habit of en- elegance of expression,” or their “pointed white, and single streak of bright purple in the middle. The flower joying the acquisition of truth; they may purity of moral,” by introducing American was sweet scented; and its smell though much mature the love of knowledge with needful scenes or characters. But we doubt not more powerful, resembled the lily of the valley. aliment, and thus strengthen it, and greatly that she had a higher aim; and we hope,

Our Saviour's words, •Consider the lilies,' &c. promote the improvement of the intellectual that she will make her works American, acquire additional force aud beauty, when we call character, by helping to establish a deep not merely by talking about American facts, to mind, that they were suggested by the sight of and abiding association between pleasure but by making them better suited to the the splendid species of Lily which abounds in Palestine. We may imagine our Lord, when delivers and advancement in learning. But they growing character of this country, and freeing his divine Sermon on the Mount, pointing to cannot be made to do the whole work of ing them from evils which are attached to those superb flowers, which decked the surround- education, por airy thing like it. The pri- the best works of this sort. She loses no ing plain, and deducing from their beauty lessons of mal obligation of labour is still in full force; opportunity of illustrating and enforcing the contentment, and reliance on the bounty of our it cannot be evaded by any subterfuge, nor great principle, that use is the only measure heavenly Father.

got rid of by a compromise ; it refuses to of value; and she may, we believe, give to

admit of an exception in favour of any per- her future productions characteristics which Evenings in New England. Intended for son or thing, and imposes upon all who share will make it quite unne

necessary to apologize Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By man's nature, the law, that no true good is for writing after Miss Edgeworth. This an American Lady. Boston. 1824. 18mo. to be won without full payment of the pur- highly gifted and very celebrated lady has

chase money. We believe, that the steps faults, which we doubt not that the author This work is another added to the many which lead to the highest learning may be of these “ Evenings" will aroid. As to Miss existing proofs, that American writers can so arranged, that the ascent from each to Edgeworth's code of morals, we rather insupply all the departments of letters from the next may be easy; and therefore great cline to think she favours that philosophy

Perhaps no kind or genuises may iinprove the manner of teach- which identifies the most perfect morality class of literary productions now remains ing by amusement, until all things knowable with the most sagacious selfishness. Be this unattempted, though true it is, that in are thus taught. Still the great objects of as it may, she certainly, so far as she is an some, not to say many of them, high ex- education remain to be accomplished. The author, habitually and systematically excellence is as yet unattained. The book intellect is not disciplined; its powers have empts the heart and the mind from the connow before ys belongs to a peculiar class, not been developed and fortified by habits trol of the highest, most operative, and most the invention of which was reserved al- of patient, strenuous, and incumbent exer- universal motives; and thinks processes and most until these days; it is intended at tion. Perhaps it has acquired all that it can means of improvement may be devised which once to amuse and instruct children, and so get, but it has not done, nor learned to do, will be sufficiently pure and powerful withto do this, as that these two apparently dis- all that it could and ought to do. Learning out having any regard to these motives. We tinct purposes shall be so far from opposing is but one of the objects of education; and are certain that the principles and the syseach other, that they may be effected by the it is a sad mistake to regard it as the prin. tem of our author will be very different. If same means, and in fact be blended into one cipal object. We have thought that the she regards it as her vocation, to provide identity. Unless we misrecollect, Mr Day's writers for children in England, exhibited a food for the childish or youthful mind, let Sandford and Merton was the first book, in strong tendency to mistake an accumulation her acquaint herself with the wants and charwhich distinguished talents were strongly of facts in the memory for a general im- acter of the understanding, in that stage of exerted to give to children important infor- provement of the intellect. We hope that its growth for which she must suit the alimation, in such a way as to make them seek this mistake will not be adopted here; and ment she offers; let her acquire accurately and love it. Miss Edgeworth, Mrs Bar- that works, which belong to the class of the knowledge she would communicate; and bauld, Mrs Hannah More, and a host of which we have spoken, however full of use let her labour in her employment, and bow other lesser names have followed in this path. ful information they may be, and however her mind to it in good earnest, and she will Such has been their success, that at this cunningly they may insinuate this informa- surely succeed. It is obvious, that her inmoment the most entertaining books which tion into the reader's mind, will be still re- tellect has strength and brightness enough, can be put into a child's hands,—those garded as only preparatory to education. If and needs only culture and discipline ; which he would be most apt to seek in his, they are made to lead the youthful mind whether it be peculiarly adapted to this play-bours, and beg as a favour, are at the gradually and naturally to those exercises kind of work, yet remains to be fully same time eminently instructive; more so in which it will put forth its strength forci- proved. For ourselves, we think this is a in fact than most of those which aim only bly, and advance by its own efforts, then good book, well adapted to its purposes, and at instruction. As striking instances of they will be useful, and worthy of all en likely to do good to many; and we will now what we mean, we would select from Miss couragement; but if the reading of such proceed to describe its contents somewhat Edgeworth's works, “ Lame Jervas,” and books is permitted to supersede more effi- more particularly, and make such extracts “Murad the Unlucky.” Judging from our cient modes of intellectual discipline, then, as shall give a just notion of its character. own feelings, or rather from the recollec. and just so far, will they be injurious. All the pieces are short, and most of them tion of our feelings when we first read them We have not prefaced our notice of the are in the form of dialogues between an many years since, we should say that more • Evenings in New England” with these re- aunt and her nephew and niece. The subinteresting and entertaining tales never marks, because they are peculiarly applica-jects are various, and for the most part are were written; and certainly it would be dif- ble to this work; indeed there is no indica- well chosen and well treated. The followficult to indicate the same number of pages tion that the author estimates the value and ing may serve as a specimen. in many works, which would give the young importance of her employment above its true

Lucy. Aunt, I am tired to death of reading Hisreader so much information upon moral, / rate. But, as she is human, there is some tory. I have been two or three months studying Rollin ;-but now I have come to live with you, 1 / are there none to assist other countrios, besides, centuries ago, when the world was more ignorant trust you will suffer me to employ myself about that of England?

than it now is, these marvellous things were more something more amusing.

Aunt. There probably are, though I know of but generally and more firmly believed. The Grecian Aunt. Why, my dear Lucy, you have now almost few. When we read Robertson's Scotland, The priests well knew that there was nothing about ceased to be a child,

and I trust you are aware of Abbot will increase the interest which he excites which mankind were so anxious as concerning how much importance a knowledge of historical in the story of their last unfortunate queen, Mary what would happen to them in time to come. Acevents will prove, when you come forward in so- Stuart. In order to remember James III, and his cordingly, they made them believe that the gods ciety. It is one of those things which are so com quarrel with the famous house of Douglas

, we may spoke to men through certain images, fountains

, mon that nobody can be tempted to be proud of possibly turn aside to read the Lady of the Lake; &c.; and that if any one wished to know whether them, and yet so necessary that one ought certainly and perhaps I may indulge you with Marmion, inat he should be successful in any undertaking he was to blush for any deficiency.

you may better recollect Mary's gran father, James about to commenee, he had only to offer a rich Lucy. So my mother always told me; but I must IV, who fell at the battle of Flodien Field.

sacrifice to the god in order to ascertain. People acknowledge I am weary of such kind of reading. Lucy. And are there none connected with the focked from all parts of Greece, bringing gold, All I can remember is a jumble of battles and revo French?

precious stones, and every thing that was costly, as lutions,—of kings murdered and princes poisoned. Aunt. Undoubtedly. However, I know of but an offering to these oracles. The designing priests There are ever-so-many Dukes of Buckingham, and three; and those are, Quentin Durward, Jane of returned what answers they chose, and appropriated and how can I possibly recollect to distinguish be- France, and Anne of Bretagne. They all refer to the gifts to their own use. tween them? very nearly the same period.

Lucy. But how could thuy always answer rightly? Aunt. All this confusion originates in a want of Lucy. How delightful it will be to read all these Alexander did conquer the world as they foretold. judgment in your course of study. You should things. Do let us begin Hume to-night.

Aunt. There are very numerous instances where read, in course, those books which nearly relate to Aunt. To-morrow we will commence. But there their predictions were wrong. As for Alexander, the same period. If you wish to attain a knowledge is another part to my project. You must write they saw that he was a bold, resolute, ambitious of the sixteenth century, for instance, there are down all that you remember of any reign, and the man, who was resolved to conquer the world, and Charles V, Leo X, and the Life of Luther, which thoughts which the subject naturally suggests. This so they ventured to predict that he would ; and no are very proper to be read together; and perhaps must be done as if you were talking to a companion, doubt some nations gave up to him because they a few years hence, you might with advantage add not as if you were writing a book. The more you believed it impossible to resist the fate which the Villiers on the Reformation. For the present win improve in this task, the more willing I shall be to oracle had decreed. The priests were generally ter, however, I will tell you a plan which will make devote an evening to the recreations I have men. very cautious in their answers. Sometimes when History delightful as well as instructive.

tioned; because I shall be convinced that you do a great personage inquired concerning an important Lucy. Pray what is it?

not hurry through your history for the sake of read- expedition, they would return no answer at all; and Aunt. After you have read the reign of any par- ing novels, plays, and poems,- but that you love still oftener, they would return one that might be ticular king, I will read some novel or play imme- novels, &c. on account of the useful information taken two different ways. Thus, when Cræsus in. diately connected with it. By this means you will they afford, as well as for their interesting stories quired whether he should be fortunate if be crossed no longer feel as if you had only heard of the char, and poetic language. After all, you must remem- the Halys, the oracle replied, “If Cræsus pass over acters, but as if you had actually seen and talked ber that there are many things necessary for you to the Halys, he shall destroy a great empire. He with them.

to learn, which cannot be obtained except by hard passed the river, and destroyed bis own great emLucy. But, Aunt, I have heard people say, it was study. It is, no doubt, pleasant to find instruction pire. When Nero applied to the famous oracle at wicked to read novels and plays.

in the train of amusement; but she is not always Delphi, the answer was. “Seventy-three may prove Aunt. It is, no doubt, wrong to read such books there--and she is so valuable, that we must be will fatal to Nero. From this, the emperor concluded very frequently, and very unprofitable to read ing to follow her through long and tedious roads, that his life was safe from accident, or disease, until them at all, without much discrimination; but every now and then turving aside to rest on little spot he was seventy-three years of age; but he was soon thing is valuable according to its use; and when covered with grass and wild flowers.

afterwards deserted by his people, and Galba, wbo the lighter kinds of reading serve to impress some

Divers persons of our acquaintance might in his stead. He was then willing to believe that

wa, seventy-three years old, was proclaimed king thing more valuable upon our minds, they answer an exceedingly good purpose.

consider and remember these remarks upon the oracle referred to that event. When Pyrrhus Lucy. It seems to me there are not many novels novels, with great advantage. The dialogue intended to go to war with the Romans, he inquired of this description.

on Oracles, beginning on page 46, is one of whether be should prove victorious. The answer Aunt. You probably have seen a multitude of the best in the book, and with this we must was, Aio te, Æacida, Romanos vincere passe ;' , ; and

, , son , lily glad that you do not like them. But if you will close our extracts. Besides

these dialogues, Romans shall conquer. This

he supposed a favourread only such ones as are pointed out by judicious there are short sketches and stories of the able omen; but it inust have proved a true oracle in friends, and, even then, read them sparingly, you same general character. We had marked either case,--for it may mean, *You shall conquer might find some of real advantage to you With one or two of them for quotation, but find the Romans,' or The Romans shall conquer you.' regard to the plan I proposed, I cannot furnish you we have left ourselves no room.

Lucy Was the Delphian oracle the only one? with either a novel or a play for every reign in the

Aunt. They were very numerous.

The most English history; but I can for very many. Shak- Lucy. I learned a lesson in Grecian History to remarkable were those of Delphi, Delos, Dodona, speare provides a large fund for us on this occasion; day, where it relates that the oracle had proclaimed and Trophonius. The Delphian oracle was near and, luckily for our purpose, there is a Family that whoever should untie the Gordian knot, should Mount Parnassus, the fabled resort of the Muses. Shakspeare published, in which most of the unin. conquer the world; and that, in consequence of this A splendid temple of Apollo was erected there, in teresting and useless parts are omitted. The even- declaration, Alexander the Great, after trying in the midst of which was a cavity, from whence issued ings are now perceptibly lengthening, and if you vain to untie it, cut it with bis sword; and the the most unhealthy and noxious vapour. Out of will follow my plan, I think you will acknowledge priest declared the oracle fulfilled in him. I felt this the oracle was supposed to proceed. It is said that they have passed away pleasantly, as well as very curious to know what these oracles were, and to have been discovered in the following manner. profitably. how they knew what was to happen.

A number of goats, that were feeding on Mount Lucy. Do, dear Aunt, let us hear the whole of Aunt. Oracles may probably be classed among Parnassus, came to a place which was deeply peryour plan; and what books you think you shall other superstitions by which mankind are to this forated, from which issued a steam that seemed to read.

day willingly deceived. I suppose you have beurd inspire them They played and frisked about in Aunt. You shall read Hume's History aloud, -- a great many signs and forerunners, which the igno- such an extraordinary manner that the goatherd and whenever I think of any thing connected with rant consider as infallible ?

was tempted to lean over the hole, and see what the subject, we will obtain it at the library, and Lucy. Yes, indeed. I know an old lady who will mysteries the place contained. He was immedispend a few evenings in becoming acquainted with never begin any thing on Friday, because it is an ateh seized with a bit of enthusiasm, and his wild the characters, to whom Mr Hume has slightly in- unlucky day. When the tallow falls over in a and extravagant expressions were taken by the troduced us. After we have finished the reigns of peculiar form in the candle, she is frightened beiguorant people for prophecies. Richard I, and his successor, we will read Ivanhoe cause resembles a winding-sheet. And she says Lucy. Was it not very strange that he should be and Shakspeare's King John. Shakspeare will like she never knew a dog to howl under the window, affected in that inanner? wise serve to fix the events connected with Henry without some death happened in the family soon Aunt. Not at all strange, my dear, The vapour IV, V, VI, and VIII, and likewise of the Second and after.

probably contained some gas, which had a powerful Third Richard. Kenilworth and Miss Aikin's Court Aunt. That must be unfortunate for the inhabi- effect on the human fraine. You recollect cousin of Queen Elizabeth will give you a correct idea of tants of a city, who may chance to hear the howling Williani said he behaved like a crazy man when he that queen, and the persons who were most con- of dogs every night in the week. The truth is, if a inhaled the exhilarating gas. Probably this had a spicuous during her reign. The Fortunes of Nigel, person chances to die soon after such a noise has similar effect on the brain. Whatever it was, it and Miss Aikin's Court of King James, faithfully been heard, the circumstance is recollected and re- gained great credit with the people. A temple was portray the character of her successor; and Peveril peated; but if nothing extraordinary happens, it is erected over the spot, and dedicated to A pollo. A of the Peak makes you well acquainted with Charles all forgotten, or, at most it is only remembered that priestess, who was called Pythia, or Pythoness, was II, and his gay favourite, the Duke of Buckinghaa. some poor dog had lost his master, and was straying ordained to receive the oracles and deliver them to

Lucy. Why indeed, Aunt, I did not think there round, mourning his loss. In this way, people are inquirers. A lofty tripod, decorated with laurel, had been so many as you have mentioned; but I always willing to deceive themselves; and many I was placed over the bole whence the vapour issued;

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