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and the information which it contains, is domestic animals. The man who heard Letters to a Child on the subject of Marigiven in a manner calculated to produce a another say that he had seen two bears time Discovery. By Emily Taylor. New good moral effect. A dialogue between fighting in the woods, and asked which of York, 1821. 12mo. pp. 322. å mother and her children, gives an ac- them beat, expressed only an ordinary de. When children have acquired a good count of Belzoni's labors and conquests, gree of curiosity. If we well understood knowledge of the elements of geography, it a description of the countries which he why these anecdotes are so pleasing to us, is an interesting and profitable exercise to traversed, the discoveries which he made, we might be able to make them subservient learn something of the history of geograthe character and customs of the inhab- to some very important purpose; and even phy; and this is necessarily connected with itants, with such historical and other facts, without such metaphysical knowledge, they the history of navigation. The most imas illustrate the several subjects. Through need not serve as a mere matter of amuse- portant facts relating to these subjects the whole work the motto" Labor omnia ment. vincit”—is kept in view, and the power of

Mrs Wakefield seems to have been well perspicuous and pleasing style; and they

are given in the work before us in a very industry is very happily illustrated and en- aware of this fact, and has contrived very are accompanied with biographical remarks forced. Those who may purchase this skilfully to promote several moral purposes respecting the principal discoveries and book for their children, will not only grat- by connecting them with this subject. The those most concerned with them. The ify them, and give them a kind of knowl- most natural of these is humanity to ani; writer thus expresses, in her preface, the edge which is not otherwise easily obtain- mals; and perhaps no more effectual method design of the work: ed, but furnish them with strong incite- could be devised. Another general prinments to industry and perseverance. The ciple, which she contrives to inculcate in a child to the steps by which our knowledge of

" It was chiefly my wish to call the attention of terms made use of in the various descrip- connexion with her anecdotes, is the iden- geography has been attained. This opens a source tions are so well explained, that children tity of happiness with usefulness. This is of practical instruction, as well as of interest; and, who can read easily, must be old enough to done with much ingenuity, and yet great in the hands of a wise and judicious instructer, i understand them; and there are few per- simplicity. The whole work consists of a cannot help hoping that my little volume may be sons of any age, to whom it would not be correspondence between two young ladies. made the first step to a course of much inore valu

able reading. Since it has pleased Heaven to fix instructive. The engravings are well ex- Caroline was, by misfortune, reduced to the our lot at a time when a great and general interecuted and add much to its value.

necessity of retiring from London to an ob- course between brethren of all parts of the earth is Although we have made these liberal scure town in Wales. Here she found a carrying on, it is surely right, early to incite in a concessions with regard to the moral char- home in a most worthy family; but every child's mind a feeling of interest and fellowship in acter of the work, it must not pass unno- thing presented a painful contrast to her the concerns of that large community into which ticed that the morality which character- former mode of life. She was not long de- it is born; and is not this of at least as much im

portance as the attempt to carry its thoughts back izes it, is not altogether that which should prived of her amusements, without looking to the darkness of past ages, and to interest it in be taught in a book intended for instruc- about for something to do; and her aunt the lives and actions of the boasted heroes of antion. It does not sufficiently recognise supplied her with such work, as she could tiquity? In tracing the progress of geography, we religion as the essential principle. We be readily taught to perform. She gradu- really perceive that we are travelling in a road of know not what a christian can have to do ally became interested in the useful avoca- doms of the earth, the more our desires for the

improvement. The more we know of the king. with morals separate from religion, and if a tions of the family, and learned, like her 'real good of our fellow-creatures expand, and the book directly inculcates the one, it should associates to seek for happiness in doing more we feel that it was the intention of Divine also inculcate the other. Do we derive good.

Providence that they should thus be enlarged.” our motives for a moral life, from the world, Her attention was naturally excited by It is sufficient praise to say that the author or from heaven? If from heaven, why not the modes of life and the usefulness of do- has presented these truly amiable and reliacknowledge it, and teach our children to mestic animals. This was all new; and, gious views through the work. The fame derive theirs continually from the same like the rest of mankind, she soon learned of the great personages, whose actions she source? It is hardly sufficient to show to desire a knowledge of every remarkable describes, did not prevent her carefully disthem that industry and discretion will fact concerning them. Much pains was tinguishing their vices from their virtues; secure the good things of this life, and per- taken to gratify this curiosity; and these and if a child is disposed to traverse the form wonders, and earn a recompense and anecdotes became a principal topic in her globe, and learn such facts as are here honour which will make the heart glad. letters to Emily, her former associate. She recorded; a safer pilot or a more pleasant All this may be exceedingly good, but it also keeps in view her progress in a useful and judicious companion cannot be chosen. also may be infidel rant, unless every ac- life; and the two subjects are so combined, tion is estimated and judged by a reference that they mutually add to the interest of to religious truth. We might extend these her letters

. Emily in return makes the Tancred, or the rightful Heir of Rochdale

Castle. A Drama, in three acts, fc. By remarks to a great proportion of the moral most of the subject; and contrives to supply

Gardner R. Lillibridge. Providence, works designed for young persons; and her share of well authenticated anecdotes. parents who are disposed to give their chil- From this sketch of the plan of this little

1824. 18mo. pp. 68. dren principles of action, that will bear work, every reader must be prepared to The word Drama, is thus defined by Mr every test to which the exigencies and approve it. Its whole moral character is Walker: “a poem accommodated to acvarious relations of life expose them, will very amiable and judicious Indeed, we tion; a poem in which the action is not hardly wish them to make any effort or can scarcely place our children in better related but represented; a play; a comedy ; sacrifice, solely from such motives as are company than Mrs Wakefield. We do not a tragedy." Now it is clear, that Mr presented in these works.

much relish her fondness for comparing Walker was entirely ignorant of the true

instinct with reason, and leaving the reader meaning of the word, or that Mr Gardner Instinct Displayed in a Collection of well sort of brutes. But she finds what are nating his maiden production. Far be it from

to infer that men are but a more sagacious R. Lillibridge has grossly crred in denomiauthenticated Facts, exemplifying the ectraordinary Sagacity of various species of the thought very high authorities for this

, and us to impute so heinous a charge to this

we must leave her and them to correct dramatic gentleman; on the contrary, we Animal Creation. By Priscilla Wake their error, when an improved state of the must let the Orthocpist bear the brunt of field. Boston, 1816. 12mo. pp. 335.

buman character shall render it more man- this offence;" though at the same time we THERE are few species of narrative, which ifest. It is remarkable that this book is will render him the justice to say, that not are more pleasing to great part of man- not more frequently found in the hands of | he alone, but all the lexicographers of the kind, than the relation of extraordinary children. There are few equally interest | English language might in vain have puzfacts concerning animals. Who will not ing or more pure in their moral character; zled their brains to invent a suitable genlisten to any story of the sagacity of a dog and it contains a great variety of facts im- eric title for this “ singularly wild and origor a horse: Nor is this interest limited to portant in Natural History.

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It has been our peculiar good fortune, all I've a tale to tell which will make thy "Since none will speak, hear me! Mercy I to peruse most of the specimens of dra- young blood run chill through their veins.“ expect not, for it seems a stranger to this proud matic genius, which have issued from the But as we despair of telling this tale half castle. That man, (pointing to Lawrence, that

American press, from the “Capture of as well as Mr Adams, and trust that our life; nay, frown not, mighty sir-your frowns and Burgoyne," down to the “ Hero of Chip- readers have already taken an intense threats í hold in the same contempt I do yourself! pewa," and we think we may fearlessly interest in it, we transcribe it.

Thy rancorous persecution now forces me to speak, assert that not one of them can in any de

“ You must know, that about four years before make me blush to say,-for well thou knowest it,

what honor and what manhood would otherwise gree compare with “Tancred,

or the Right- you made your appearance on this busy stage of 'twas I, the sacrifice that saved thy life, which else u Heir to Rochdale Castle.” We sin- action, my mind led me to take a stroll on the would have fallen beneath an arm as high o'er thee cerely congratulate Mr Lillibridge upon work of the day at an earlier period than usual. *** skirts of I left off

as the great canopy of heaven is o'er the judgment having produced so efficient an answer to By giving my silver call a blow, old Ponto rugged wilt take that life which unhappily was the saviour

seat.-Then frown and threaten not; but if thou the sneers of the Edinburgh, and the asper- with age, left his kennel and ran on before me, of thine own, mark me, be not so unguarded as to sions of the Quarterly Reviews. The wagging his tail, for I never went abroad without question will no longer be asked, “Who his company.***The long, dismal

, rumbling roar of suppose it shall be taken with impunity; by heaven,

no; for those brave followers who made thee reads an American tragedy ?" but rather, the falls between the Terrible and Bloody Peaks

. Ainch at every look, shall revenge my fall, though “ Who has not read Tancred, a drama?" burst upon my listening ear. ***Still onward we It were invidious, perhaps, to compare, Mr animals set on end every hair in my head. I stop- innocent hospitality, there's some prophetic


at the certain fate of meeting with their own. Yes, went, until the intermingled yells of some unknown thou implement of cruel treachery, thou violator of Lillibridge with any of our puny, American ped. I imagined that to proceed would be enter informs my soul, ere long, this proud castle shall be authors, for he may boldly challenge coming upon the brink of death. It was impossible to thy body's monument, and thy departing spirit, in petition with the master spirits of the Eng- the dog arrested me resolved, at descending to the flames below, shall, with its un lish drama. Like Byron, disregarding the duces He led me into the thickest of Rochdale natural howlings, scare the ill-omen'd bird of

all events, to find of stale and hackneyed use of mere flesh and Forest.-All was darkness.—My dog appeared to

night." blood dramatis personæ, he daringly enters stop.—The groan of an infant caught my ear.

Who would have thought he possessed the world of spirits and shows himself hand I found it! alas, with but little life remaining, such a pugnacious spirit, -though he does and glove with ghosts and ghostesses of the bound fast to a tree. With but one stroke of my tell us, to “ North Britain I expect I owe my most extraordinary character. It is not sword I liberated the helpless little victim.

birth.” Mrs Marguritta, however, could often in these degenerate days, that we are the child, how could

" Rachel. (Screams.] Oh, Heavens !--You kill'd not away with it, and immediately issues the favoured with such good substantial appari

Fitz Adams. No, no, I cut every particle of following commands. tions; and they are not only numerous, but chord and rope in twain. Kill the child, indeed! “Silence, slave! by Heaven, the audacious vilassorted with great regard to effect, inso- Where can you borrow such base imaginations | lain dares to level hís rebellious answers at our much that their absence would be a serious from. But to proceed—I again sought the foot- sacred persons.-rl hear no more! Send him to loss to this highly fanciful and imaginative l hurried onward, when again the horrid yell of highest tree, that it may dangle conspicuous to the

path with the child in my arms. Having found it, instant execution! Hang up his carcase on the production. In imitation of the tragedies wild animals rung in my ears. I drew my sword, passing carrion.” of Maturin (we trust that Mr Lillibridge by which time two monstrous wolves rushed upon We foresee much controversy between will not mistake this for the “merest insin- us."

future commentators, touching these last uation of the charge of plagiarism,"-we This child is saved by Fitz Adams in words. If we may confess it without shame, have “no such stuff in our thoughts”), his spite of the two wolves, but at the expense they a little puzzle us. Probably Mr G. drama is rife with barons, baronesses, and of the dog Ponto, and of a good part of the R. Lillibridge has some authority for supbanditti, so disposed and grouped together calf of Fitz Adam's left leg. He proves to posing that in that far north country of as to produce a result rarely equalled and be Tancred, who is at once a lover, an heir, which Mrs Marguritta is the famous baronnever surpassed. Like Shiel—but it is a moss trooper, and first captain of banditti; ess, carrion is so obliging as to walk about not by comparison that we expect to con- while following this latter vocation he falls in search of a crow or buzzard hungry vey any adequate idea of the all unuttera- in with and robs one Baron Murcia and his enough to eat it. Her foul intents towards ble merits of this incomparable drama, and “comical, cowardly, and honest fellow" of our hero are most happily delayed by the therefore without farther preface will intro- a squire Stephen (we are not favoured with appearance of a new character, is e. the duce it to our readers, by endeavouring to his patronymic), and this circumstance is in principal ghost, alias “the late Baron Rochgive a faint sketch of its story, &c.; but some way or other, we don't exactly un- dale," who, in a speech to Tancred quite at the same time, we wish it to be clearly derstand how, the cause of the Baron's convincing, declares that he, the ghost, understood that we do not vouch for the receiving an invitation to sup with one feels firmly convinced in spite of a very correctness of the detail ; not feeling ex- Marguritta, a most bloodthirsty virago and strong family likeness between him, the said actly certain of having succeeded in our withal “ the famous Baroness of the North,” Tancred and the deponent, that the said attempt to unravel the complicated myste- who thus acquaints us with her own char-Tancred is none other than the son of him ries of its plot. acter.

the said Ghost of the late baron of RochMr Lillibridge plunges into the middle

“But recollect, my faithful friend, that our dale, and therefore that he the said Tancred of things at once, but relates what has gone hands have already been imbrued in the blood of is the RIGHTFUL HEIR OF ROCHDALE CASTLE; before by means of one Fitz Adams (we Rochdale and Rothsay. The first, I confess most and he thus makes this interesting dishope the Dramatist did not mean to in- frankly, was the effect of youthful fire and discreet

covery. “ Act III. Scene IV. He” [Tanfluence the Presidential election) in an- love. Forced on me by the commands of a de

Soft termined swer to a question from his daughter, Miss but an object of my indifference ; an object which musick, together with invisible female

parent. the Baron Rochdale was at first cred] “kneels before the altar. Rachel Adams, who comes on the stage the presence of the Baron Rothsay soon converted voices,” (it would have heightened the weeping, and with her “heart bleeding for into a bitter hatred; though not the fountain head solemnity of the scene to have given us a the safety of berdear Tancred;" this gentle of homicide, still we acted as the leading springs.” sight of these voices, the more especially man proves to be her “ lovyer true," the After supper, by way of dessert, Tancred as they prove to be in fact ghostesses of Hero of the Drama, and moreover, the son of is brought in to receive his deserts, and to voices.] The Ghost of the late Baron the late Baron Rochdale, who is one of the answer to the charge of having committed Rochdale rises and bows thrice before principal characters. The father of Miss an assault upon the person of Baron Mur- Tancred”—but Tancred is such a brute Rachel says to her, with regard to the sub- cia, with intent to rob; and one Lawrence that he does not return it; after a short ject of a letter receiv that day by mail enacts the part of justice, and having ar- speech from Tancred, his Ghostship thus from Tancred, that fear of disturbing the raigned the criminal, expatiates pretty addresses his undutiful son who had calltender feelings of Mrs Adams has kept largely upon the crime of highway rob- ed him “a frightful spectre," to which, him silent upon this subject, “but if it te bery; to which our hero, who pleads his own however, the Baron properly retorts by your wish,” [addressing Miss Rachel] "case, answers in a most pithy and pertinent twitting him with the family likeness we may venture to touch upon it; but first If speech.

spoke of. Ghost, loquitur.

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Tancred, my son. (Tancred starts.) Fear | stored to something of its ancient freedom, trance of the Acropolis, to be built; in transformnot. I was thy father! In me behold the poor even though the splendors of its arts and ing the Piræeus, which was before crowded with remains of Baron Rochdale! thou art my son.

arms should remain only in their imperish- ships of war, into a depot for the merchandise of the Thy great resemblance to me, thy hapless par

Greeks, and in raising Athens to be the favourite ent, need not make you doubt the truth of this. able records, -we turn with renewed inter- seat of the Muses. Yet how do our frivolous AtheThou art the only heir to all my great estates and est to the subject of Greece, whether an- nians reward these services? With ingratitude and all this lordly Castle, for Oh! my son ! thy mother cient or modern; and a book bearing the scom. While all neighbouring states admire him, was the cruel murderer of thy sire! the death of above title commends itself to our notice, calling his work-for such is our Athens—the jewel me and of the Baron Rothsay; she would e’en though the production of an unknown au

of Greece, and cannot express their astonishment have been the death of thee, but for the benign thor.

that this city,--so limited in its extent, and built on interposition of that Almighty Providence to

In this instance, our interest has been into the shade ;-here, in all our public places, our

a meagre and stony soil,-should throw monarchies whom nothing can or ever is impossible. But spare thy mother, Tancred, and let thy vengeance sustained through two small volumes, writ- shops and streets, he is calumniated ; and all ears fall alone on him, the damned spurrer of all her ten with a good deal of taste and discrim- are open to the senseless babble of those who are cruel deeds !-On Lawrence. -Ay! you may ination, although there is no display of ex- envious of him; and who by their calumnies, by well start with horror, for had you not thus effected traordinary genius. The author seems to their deceitful tattle, and by a hundred other de your escape, you ne'er had seen to-morrow's dawn. He would have murdered thee, my son, as he be have a truly Grecian spirit; and, what is grading arts, practised only by demagogues, are

creeping into favour with the people. fore did murder thy poor father, &c. &c.

better, that fine moral taste, which, where “ Yesterday the contemptible fools had the boldHide your diminished heads,

it is truly possessed, will always be per- ness to think of accusing him openly of tyranny, Hamlets,

ye and Banquos, and various other Castle ceived; whatever may be the subject of and of proposing that he should be condemned to Spectres, for never did ghost so harrow up

discussion, and whether truth or 'fiction be baníshed from the city.” the soul as this of the late Baron. We employ the pen.

The third dialogue is between Pericles,

This little work is in the form of dia- Aspasia, and Alcibiades. It begins thus : know not nor envy him, who could listen to this thrilling tale unmoved. We logues; in which subjects are discussed

Aspasia. See with what serene glory the did suppose that sepulchre

which we might suppose would occupy and could

evening sun is sinking into the transparent wave! render up a more appalling spectre than interest the Athenians in their best days. Thus closes the earthly career of the wise. Thus the imagination of Shakspeare, &c. had

They are designed to give us a lively did Anaxagoras pass away. Thou, Alcibiades, already summoned ; we did hope that picture of the times and render us, as it wast present.

" Alcibiades. Never shall it be forgotten! He spirits had done their worst, and could no were, present with Pericles and Socrates

and Alcibiades. more alarm the peacefulness of our solitary

“ How could I hope,” was sitting in this pillared hall; the moon shone hours or disturb the “ few rebellious” “

says the author in his preface, “to render upon his silver hair; he gazed serenely on the

starry heavens; then he spoke, with reverence and ticular hairs,” which adorn our head; but scenes from a remote antiquity at once

awe, of the Creating Spirit who directs the course to a transcendent genius like Mr G. R. pleasing and instructive to my contempo- of countless worlds in the regions of immeasurable Lillibridge, nothing to use his own lan- raries, had I not sought to invoke the living space. While he was speaking, I saw him fall guage-“can or ever is impossible.”

spirit of that time and that people, to move gently asleep-alas! never again to awake. After this terrific ghost has departed, the before them distinctly, holding up, as it Behold there his marble statue, wrought by the invisible voices, or four female spectres” were, a mirror to each spectator; thus en- hand of Phidias. Thus intellectual

, noble, and make their appearance, but having left abling him to judge for himself ?"The sub- benevolent were his features ; thus did they remain,

* The dema- unchanged, even when the genius of death had their voices behind them, they only point jects of these dialogues are: at a door; it takes four to make Tancred gogues; ostracism; the character of Per- already guided his better soul to Elysium. Often,

icles, and his wisdom as a ruler; the when I regard the statue in the light of the starry perfectly sensible which door he was to go out at, he was so much astounded by ed by the common people ; on the wise of imperishable wisdom flow from them. manner in which affairs of state were view heavens, it seems to me as if it were alive; the

lips appear to open; and, to my fancy, the words the late Baron. We have room but for one

u Alcibiades. How sacred is this statue in my more quotation, and that shall be Tancred's guidance of the people ; Aristophanes'

satire of the Sophists; the influence of the eyes. Once, O Pericles, didst thou lead me to it, determination as touching the ghost; but we trust we have said and shown enough to fine arts; the Grecian tragedy in its influ- when I was trembling on the borders of a frightful induce our readers to delight themselves ence on the character of the nation; the precipice; when an unholy ambition would have

drawn me into its whirling vortex. Here did I difference between the wisdom of Socrates swear to Pallas, the goddess of the Athenians, that, with the perusal of this interesting drama. and that of the Sophists; the funeral cel- faithful to the instructions of Anaxagoras, I would

* The mention of Lawrence's treachery, but ebration of the Athenians fallen in battle ; subdue my ambition, whenever its indulgence above all the discovery of the Cavern, which is a the love of the secret to every human being but ourselves. It was

marvellous among the would interfere with the welfare of my country. my father's spirit that I have seen; I am resolved Athenians; the death of Pericles; the hast kept thy oath, as a noble Athenian should do.

" Pericles. And hitherto, my dear son, thou at all events to follow the admonitions of my mur- habits of the females; the credulity of an “ Alcibiades. If I have done so, if I now love dered sire, and others that have privilege here. Athenian mechanic; the policy of Cleon, my country more than fame, to whom do I owe I will once more return to the castle."

the demagogue; the reverence paid to the it, but to thee, Pericles, to thee, Aspasia, and to our gods; and the condemnation of Socrates." Socrates ? I earnestly strive to attain thine excel

These are well chosen subjects, it will be lence, 0 Pericles; but there is one of thy virtues, Das Volksleben zu Athen, im Zeitalter des acknowledged; and we think they are, in in view of which must haver despair. Perikles, nach Griechischen Schriften.-general, well treated.

“which is that

Alcibiades. The unshaken coolness of his deManners of the Athenians, drawn from Pericles is the author's hero, of course, portment in the tumult of popular commotion; this Grecian works. By J. H. von Wessen- and he places his dignity and moral worth compels my admiration, but is beyond my imitaburg. Part 1st, Zurich, 1821. Part 2d, in the strongest contrast with the sophis

tion. 1823. 12mo. pp. 132. try, artifice, and flattery of the demagogues,

* Pericles. Why so ? The blood already fows We hope this work will be translated and who were deceiving the people for their the welfare of the Republic has taken place of that

more slowly in your veins, and a judicious zeal for republished here; it would be not only use- own aggrandizement. In the second dia- youthful impetuosity, with which, like another ful to those who are studying the history logue-on the Ostracism-between Socra- Theseus, you used to attack every thing which and institutions of ancient Greece, but in- tes and Crito, the following passage seemed to you unjust or inexpedient. Age and teresting to those who are acquainted with occurs :

experience will complete the work.

* Alcibiades. Allow me, however, to confess them. There is another reason why we “ Crito. You are not ignorant, Socrates, with that, when the populace, excited by their flattershould give our readers a somewhat minute what triumphant splendour Pericles has terminated ers, speak contemptuously of thy wisdom; when analysis of its contents. At the present the war; how wisely he has freed Athens of vast the Demagogues shamefully misinterpret thy good moment, when the Greeks seem to be rous- numbers of dangerous idlers by the foundation of deeds, and draw, with deceptive sophistry, from ing themselves from their long slumber, the booty taken from the enemy, by converting it fee; when the hypocritical orators,—their own

colonies. What a beautiful use has he made of thy very services, grounds of accusation against and other nations are looking at their fine into splendid temples in honour of the gods ; in ckets well filled, -bring as witnesses against country with the hope that it may be re- causing the Odeum and Propylæum, at the en- ee the liberty and prosperity of the state, for

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which they have done nothing themselves; then | locutors are Philistus, an advocate; Damo- * Damocles. Do you doubt its authenticity? If my whole soul is kindled within me; my eyes flash cles, a master tailor; Lisiman, a dealer in so, address yourself to Lisiman, the horse jockey, fire, and I am irresistibly impelled to scourge the horses; Eucrates, Archon of Athens; and who is coming towards us, on a fine Persian chargimpostors; but one glance at thee slackens the

He will soon remove all doubt from your strained cord of my bow. What serenity, what Zeusippus, a merchant.

mind. coolness, what indifference! Ah! it exceeds my Philistus. (Sitting at the corner of a street.) Philistus. (Aside.) Very well; we will put it conception. Whither so fast, Damocles?

to the proof. (To Lisiman.) That seems to be " Pericles. You seem to forget that I am a dis- Damocles. To the Golden Ram, the place of a noble, a superb animal. He is already disposed ciple of Anaxagoras. From my earliest youth meeting of our fraternity.

of, I suppose ? was destined to hold public offices. Anaxagoras " Philistus. But the sun is yet high in the heav- “ Lisima. The bargain is not yet concluded. knew this, and often pointed out to me the image ens; how is it that you leave your workshop so Would that Alcibiades were in Athens ! He would of the most perfect government in the wonderful early?

not hesitate at the highest price. But if you incline processes of nature and the harmonious course of Damocles. To-day is not yesterday, my dear to purchase the charger, I shall be moderate, very the stars. Observe how various, how unlike, are sir, and there are seven days in the week. "Great moderate. the powers of nature; they encounter each | news has just arrived from Persia, and we tailors Philistus. I don't doubt it. In a few weeks, other, at times, peacefully; at other times, as ene- are going to meet and hold a consultation on the what do I say?--in a few days more probably, the mies; the one restrains or encourages the other; subject.

finest Persian steeds will be sold for a song in our at times a violent struggle takes place between Philistus. News from Persia ? Artaxerxes market. them; but this always results in peace and tran- is dead, I suppose; and the Persian court has sent Lisiman. (Much surprised.] How so? These quillity, in more luxuriant growth, in more abund- you orders for mourning dresses.

horses never were in so great demand as at this ant feruility. The mysterious first cause, which “ Damocles. Dead in good truth ; dead as a rat. gave the direction to each separate power, still But this is the least of the news. A great revolu

Philistus. Were; but there's an end of all works in secret, unseen and unheard.'

tion has broken out. The monarchy is overthrown; that. Have not you heard the last news?

and the haughty Persians are going to submit then- “ Damocles. (Rapidly.) Artaxerxes is murdered, The discourse ends with the remark of selves, as good republicans, to the protecting gov- his throne overturned ; Persia acknowledges the Aspasia, that “ Pericles is governed by the ernment of the Athenians. By Hercules, it is the sway of Athens. Messengers from Persia are exwish to raise Athens to the rank of the first wisest thing they could do !

pected every moment. city in Greece ; this has brought all his

Philistus. But you jest, Damocles. From " Lisiman. By Jupiter! I have not heard a thoughts and feelings into harmony; it What Witch or sorceress did you receive such aston syllable of all this. But you only mean to perplex me?


Philistus. Not in the least. Damocles knows gives him a steady purpose and persevering Danocles. From neither witch nor sorceress. how authentic the reports are. They come from courage; it has kept his soul so free from Our Master of the Guild, Storax, gave me the ac- undoubted authority ; from the house of an Archon, covetousness or corruption, that he has not count just as he had it from his grocer, Melas, who the rich Eucrates. You know, perhaps, this man increased, by a single drachma, his paternal was told so by his barber, who had it from the has great dealings with Persia. What do I see? estate. Oh that it might become the ruling steward of Eucrates, the Archon.

You turn pale, Lisiman! Don't be cast down!

Philistus. In truth, most authentic vouchers! There is, indeed, no time to lose. I advise you to passion of all Athenians !"

But from whom, I pray, did the steward of Eucra- sell your Persian horse as soon as possible, even This is followed by an amusing dialogue tes receive the intelligence ?

for less than half the market price. between Socrates and his shoemaker, in “ Damocles. That, surely, needs no explana- Lisiman. Oh, miserable, ruined man that I which the latter complains of the increased tion. From whom should he but his master am! My stables are full of these animals. What price of leather, the impositions of the tan; trader with Persia in rich goods. He will give us,

Philistus. See, there comes Zeusippus, a can be done with them? ners and the heavier amount of taxes; all

Philistus. Do you hesitate? You must sell perhaps, some more direct account. Good even them, to be sure ; and quickly too. Will you wait which evils he ascribes to Pericles, “who, ing, Zeusippus! Any thing new from Ecbatana? till the Persians themselves are here, and the market he says, “wants to make himself king.” Zeusippus. It is but half an hour since I ar- overstocked ? Get down at once from your steed, Socrates, however, makes him acknowledge rived froin thence. I made the journey with great and let me mount him. I am in haste. There are that he lives as well as ever; that he makes speed, for I was in haste.

five hundred drachms for you; take them at once. the purchasers of his shoes pay, his taxes Zeusippus.] Doubtless as the messenger of mighty

Damocles. (Aside.] No doubt of that! [To Tomorrow you would hardly obtain half as much.

Lisiman. By the infernal deities ! but this is as well as the additional cost of his leather; tidings?

hard. The horse is worth at least three thousand. that he can prove nothing against Pericles, Zeusippus. I bring no other, than that the But there's no use in fretting. Not to lose every having taken his opinion from common re- great king, out of special regard to the Athenians, thing, I must lower my price, and hasten to find port; and that, as it regards his personal has taken off the duty on oil and honey imported purchasers for the rest.

from Attica. observation of him, he has nothing to ob

Damocles. (Aside to Philistus.] See how he The crafty advocate makes another barject to, but the ugliness of his half-boots; keeps back the truth; he speaks figuratively, Phi- gain, equally advantageous to himself, with upon which Socrates relates the following listus. Is Xerxes then yet alive, and no revolution the credulous Damocles, in a purchase of anecdote : “ Zeuxis had just finished a broken out?

Persian shawls; and, as Damocles is retirsplendid picture. Among the persons who Zeusippus. Are you dreaming? Who has

ing, exclaims : came to see it was a shoemaker who found strung together such improbabilities? On the very fault with the shoes of the principal figure, troops; and it is as quiet throughout Persia as in elegant charger, show off your finest evolutions

day of my departure I saw Xerxes reviewing his “But see, there comes Eucrates. Now my which was a king. The painter took the a burying-place.

before the Archon! shoemaker's remark in good part, thanked Damocles. (Aside to Philistus.] He deceives, Eucrates. What a superb animal! How slenhim for it, and improved the shoes. A few or is himself deceived. I dare say the troops have der! How beautifully proportioned! What a days after, the shoemaker came again, and, rebelled, and murdered Artaxerxes, and the people swan-like neck! How fiery his eye! How fine vain at the success of his critique, began to have made it appear to be only a review of troops. and supple his limbs! Doubtless of the best Per

(To Zeusippus.) Yes, I dare say, Persia appears sian race? And how long have you been in posfind fault with the arms and the head of the like a burying-place. No doubt many thousands in session of this noble animal? hero of the piece. These criticisms Zeuxis this revolution have bitten the dust, and many " Philistus. I received him but a little while rejected with a smile, saying I advise more are almost dead with terror.

since from one of my clients who has dealings with thee, my friend, to confine thyself in future " Zeusippis. You are mad! I tell you again, the Persians.

* Eucrates. Thrice fortunate advocate ! AN to thy last.” One of the most amusing dia- as certainly as Zeusippus stands before you, nothing logues, illustrative of the credulity of the bloody has happened in Persia, except it be a wolf Archon never meets with such good luck.

or tiger hunt, in which the nobles engage almost * Philistus. He is indeed a fine creature, is not Athenians and their love of the marvellous, daily.

he? His like is not to be found in all Athens. reminds an American of feelings and prac- Damocles. (Aside to Philistus. With what You must know, besides, that he is of the same tices nearer home, although there is fortu- a brazen face does he play the ignoramus !-or is breed with those of the Persian king's body guard. nately a practical good sense among us, still nobles in Persia? We have received certain purchaser should offer?

he a Persian spy? (To Zeusippus.) So there are Eucrates. How much should you ask, if a which, without preventing the circulation advices that equality among all ranks was decreed Philistus. I did not mean to sell the horse. of ill founded reports for all purposes of there.

But out of respect to you, my gracious patron, I amusement, and sometimes not of the most i. Zeusippus. Worse and worse! Have you would part with him for the trifling sum of four innocent kind, yet almost always interferil been drinking at this time of day? or are you ban- thousand drachms. to prevent the belief of them being in any tering,me! Good day. (Retires quickly.]

Eucrates. (Writes with a pencil on a small degree injurious to one's self.

The inte

Philistus. Now, Damocles, how stands your tablet.] Here is an order on my banker, Teresias ; news?

and now the Persian is mine. [Philistus tokes the

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28 order, dismounts, and is going away.) Stop a mo- | from Canada to Chili, into colonial states pendent, India will soon follow in the same ment. I had forgotten something. Just now, as I and provinces ;-then this same spirit turn- course; not by freeing herself from bondwas coming through the marketplace, I heardha ed itself eastward, and filled New Holland age, for that cannot be ; the Hindoos have curious story passing from one to another. The sagacious tradespeople were saying that persia and the eastern isles with European estab- been so long without exerting any thing was in a state of complete uproar, and that an am- lishments, and conquered India, and peopled like a political will, that faculty may well bassador was on the way to pray for the protection the shores and capes of Southern Africa. be deemed extinct; but there will no doubt of Athens. They are asking each other

, in good Europe became the head and sovereign of be an end, probably a speedy and a sudden earnest, whether it will be well to grant the request. the earth. She had sent out her children end, to the wonderful anomaly of the Brits Have you heard any thing of it?

Philistus. I heard something of the sort just to take possession of a large proportion, ish empire in India. Some European powa now from Damocles, the tailor,-one of our most and controlled, directly or indirectly, al- er will declare itself independent there ; simple and credulous quid-nuncs. But do you most all the remainder. She took away perhaps the Indian English themselves will know that he mentioned your house as the source the precious metals from Potosi, Peru, and raise the standard of national sovereignty, of this strange news?

Mexico, by the right of ownership; and and the mild and docile millions of that “ Eucrates. The lying rascal! My house?

with them, and the fabrics of her workshops, country will gladly gather around, to find How did he make that out?

* Philistus. He says your steward received the and the strength and terror of her arms, beneath its shadow the repose and securaccount.

she commanded the comforts and the luxu- ity of a common empire, which they have ** Eucrates. How? The sharper! I'll put an ries of all the world to be brought home to never enjoyed since the days of Aurengeend to such doings. He shall leave my house at her storehouses, and spread abroad for the zebe.

universal enjoyment of her nations. All The colonies on the coasts of Africa, New Philistus. Be not wroth, Eucrates! Moderate thy righteous indignation. I will give you a climes poured into her lap the tribute of Holland, and the isles of the Eastern Arkey to the mystery. My friend Perdiccas, the great all their products ; China wove her silks chipelago, while they remain weak settlemerchant, amused himself, when he last dined with and gathered her teas ; India contributed ments, existing only by the protection of you, by telling this tale to your major-domo, instead her shawls and muslins, and spices and Europe, and drawing their life-blood from of a fee when he left the door, being well acquaint: pearls ; and Africa offered up her gold and their mother-lands like unweaned infants, ed with his credulity. Thus you see, respected Archon, how the news of the day is got up in ivory and ebony; the ocean became her need not be taken into the account;

but Athens, and by what means our people are kept highway, and mountains sank down before when they too grow to be nations they cancontinually in a condition between dreaming and her enterprise and energies; her search not linger long behind their predecessors. drunkenness."

extended and her hand reached every What then will Europe be? Her various (To be continued.)

where, and every where she gathered into nations will differ from their many children, her garners all that was valuable for its only as the parent is enfeebled by age, beauty or its use.

while the offspring rejoice in the spirit and MISCELLANY.

The chain of her dominion enwrapped the the strength of youth and manhood. It is whole earth; but the emancipation of these doing America no justice, to say that she states severed its continuity, and the links will then be the equal of Europe ; Europe

are now falling asunder every where. As will not then be her equal. The colonies We think we are living in one of those the supremacy of Europe was founded on the from which were born the nations of this epochas which occasionally occur to divide commerce which grew principally out of continent, were for the most part formed of the succession of time into distinct periods the colonial system, and upon ber unques- her very essence. True it is, that Spanish of uncertain and various duration. One such tionable superiority over other quarters of America was originally conquered by men, period extended from the foundation of the the globe in arts and arms; so this power for whom no more fitting name can be Roman empire to its overthrow by the ir- must be destroyed by the establishment of found than that of demons; true it is, that ruption of northern nations; another was new empires, upon a new continent, ac- for many years, cruelty, rapacity, and all denominated the dark ages; a third began knowledging in her no moral or political manner of wickedness Hourished there luxwith the discoveries of Columbus and is supremacy, and at least as independent of uriantly ;-but it is also true, that even now about to end. It would not be difficult her as she is of them. The establishment then and there, it was the misfortune of to show, that each of these periods has its of such empires must be the inevitable those countries, that they who were most distinct character,—though perhaps not consequence,-nay, it is the actual conse- thoroughly imbued with all iniquity, were enough so, to make this classification of quence of our independence. These new their most remarkable men, and stand forth ages perfectly exact. Still there were in nations are and will be possessed of all the in their histories with undue prominence. each of them certain general modes of feel. intelligence, science, and energy which These individuals were not all the Euroing and thinking, and certain active princi- have placed Europe in advance of her sis- peans there ; nor had they power to imples of large extent and unresisted operation, ter continents; and enjoy all these ad- press their own characters deeply upon the which may be every where recognised with vantages, without the oppressive institu- institutions and manners of the colonies; more or less accuracy. Our present con- tions, which are fastened upon her various and after Pizarro and Cortes, Albuquerque cern is with the character of those periods, nations by the amalgamation of the princi- and Orando had passed away, their memory of which we suppose one to be approaching ples and institutions proper to Roman des- existed only to be accursed, and men of puriits end, and the other to be beginning. potism, with those which the free and mili- ty and piety and various excellence came

When America was known to exist, it tary savages, who overran the empire, across the waters, and the shores of our was without delay taken possession of by brought with them from their northern for- southern continent were marked with many Europe, and, from that day to the achieve-ests.

footsteps by them who were worthy to peoment of our independence, was an append. The system of colonization, was suggest- ple and civilize a land which Columbus disage-a suburb-an out-lying domain to that ed and commenced by the conquest of covered. At this moment the spirit of pocontinent. This possession was peopled; South America; that system, with its con- litical regeneration is working there with tenants were put into the vacant fields, and sequences, forms one of the distinctive intense activity. It encounters in the and were encouraged to cultivate them, the characteristics of the period which has fol. character of the people and their institufee always remaining in the crowns of lowed, and must be referred to the discove- tions, a resistance greater beyond compariEurope, who exacted from their transatlan- ry of this country, as its first cause. So son than any which opposed it here; but it tic estates a very sufficient rent in the the emancipation of this continent from derives great aid from the violent reaction shape of colonial trade and commercial European sovereignty, which is now all but of the very abuses it seeks to extirpate. It monopolies. Thus grew up a colonizing completed, will be the commencement of a spes on, conquering and to conquer, and spirit and system totally distinct from any new period, the character and events of there can be but one termination to the “; known to ancient nations. It needed which it may not be altogether impossible inflict.

w years to parcel out America, to foresee. When America is wholly inde- As for ourselves, we owe our origin to

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