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meeting-house with a sight of the face and which led to nothing particular. She discov- finement, and Atherton condemned to the figure appertaining to the voice, which ered, at last, what her friends had discov- stake and torture. In the mean time, Monoproves to be that of Mirian Grey, the fairestered for her long before, that she was in love notto, another chieftain, and the real owner damsel in New England. Young Adam with our hero, and that, as it was impossi- of the female prisoners, returns, and accepts Cupid, he who shot so trim in the case of ble they could ever be united, they were in the terms which Sassacus had refused; MiKing Cophetua, drew his bow in the pre- a situation, which, besides being bad in its riam and her companion are released, and sent instance with as little regard to the present aspect, was not likely to mend. nothing now remains but the deliverance of fitness of things, or, to forbear metaphor, She communicates this opinion to her lover, Atherton, which is accomplished by a party the high-church cavalier fell in love with which affects him powerfully, and induces from the sloop, at the critical moment, the Puritan maiden. Major Atherton is him to leave her suddenly, and repair to when he is beginning to be enveloped in soon introduced to Mr Winslow, Mr Brad- Boston. Miriam soon follows him, on her smoke. The lovers once more meet and ford, and other worthies of the time, among way to the neighbourhood of Say brook, on part. The lady returns to her home, and whom is Captain Standish, the military com- the Connecticut, with her cousin, who had the gentleman accompanies the English mander at New Plymouth, and a kinsman been lately married, and chance conducts soldiers, whom he finds at Saybrook, on of our hero. At the house of Mr Winslow her to the same inn; no very improbable their expedition against the savages; hewithe meets with Peregrine White, the first circumstance, by the way, if it conducted nesses the two bloody attacks upon the Peborn of New England, who is made to act her to any one in Boston, in 1636. The meet- quod entrenchments, by the troops under the part of the gracioso or Jack Pudding ing was, of course, distressing, but as nei- Captain Mason, which resulted in the deof the piece, of whom we shall speak here- ther any good reason could be given wby struction or dispersion of that fierce people, after, directing our attention, at present, she should not proceed with her cousin, por returns at the close of the campaign to Bosto the main action, namely, the loves of why Major Atherton should accompany her, ton, and proceeds from thence to Plymouth. Atherton and Miriam Grey. The reader they were again compelled to separate. The story now draws to a close. Mr Grey, will need no ghost to tell him that these Rumours of war soon after arose between while these events were taking place, had encountered many obstacles; two were the Pequods and the colonists, and the returned from England, and, after some in the form of rivals, of whom one was danger was particularly threatening to the hesitation, finds himself unable to refuse a Puritan with close-cropped hair, an settlers on the banks of the Connecticut. the hand of his daughter to him who bad ungainly manner, and a reasonably good An army was to be raised, and our hero twice saved her life; he accordingly conopinion of his own gifts, but honest withal, was, of course, among the volunteers; but sents to the match, provided that Miriam is and upright, and a sincere lover, whom we being unwilling to wait the tardy motions willing, and, as her consent is obtained withsometimes respect, but oftener laugh at; the of the equipment, took passage in a Dutch out much difficulty, Major Atherton is made other a gallant Virginian, one of the know- vessel belonging to New Amsterdam, which happy, and, in process of time, becomes 2 ing ones of the day, a contemner of things proposed to touch at Saybrook. The prov- Puritan, and lives to a good old age in the sacred, or a hypocritical observer of them, erb which intimates the difference between usual manner. The subordinate personages a cajoler, or a bully, as the case might baste and speed, proved to be applicable in are all properly disposed of by death, marbe; one, in short, of that numerous class, the present instance; for, besides, that the riage, or otherwise, and the survivors made who are as commonly to be found in novels ordinary motions of the Dutch dogger were as happy as their respective cases would as in real life, and are governed by no par- not particularly expeditious, the skipper, admit. ticular principle, except a regard to their alarmed by some reports of the numbers We have few remarks to make upon the own immediate interest. A more serious and power of the Pequods, chose to omit characters of the hero and heroine; they impediment existed in the righteous horror, visiting the river, and proceed directly to are necessary evils in a novel, and provided with which the father of the damsel re- New Amsterdam. Their passenger was in the latter incurs and escapes a proper vagarded the idea of a connexion between his dignant at this tergiversation; but as bis riety of dangers and delicate distresses, the daughter and a member of the persecuting wrath produced no other effect than that former kills his giant with due discretion, church of England. It would not, proba- of exciting the astonishment of Mynheer, and both are happily brought together at bly, have been of much advantage to his he was fairly landed at Manhattan, and left the conclusion, every reasonable reader cause, that he was not bigotted to forms, to rail against his destiny, and employ him- ought to be contented; we say, if they are but disposed to respect modes of worship self, as well as he could, in prevailing upon happily brought together; for, we take this not entirely consonant to those in which he the Dutch to despatch a vessel to Saybrook. occasion of entering our protest against had been educated. Charity, of this kind, This desirable end was, after many delays, a practice, which has sometimes obtained, was a virtue of very equivocal value in at last accomplished, and our hero once more of destroying one or both of the parties. those days, and more likely to fix upon the on his way towards the scene of action. The We believe that this is seldom or dever possessor the character of a Gallio, than any purpose of the expedition was the ransom necesary. A novelist, in our opinion, bas more favourable one. Fortunately, the op- of two females, who had been captured by the same right over his principal characters, portunity which occurred to him of saving the natives, in a late inroad upon the town that a husband formerly bad over his wife ; the life of the daughter, while it served to of Weathersfield; and on board the sloop he is only precluded from destroying life or distance his rivals in her opinion, did much were embarked some distinguished Pequod limb; and we give future writers fair warntowards removing the prejudices of the fa- prisoners, who were to be exchanged for ing, that we shall always resent any such ther against him. The objection to his them. With the chief of these, Cushmi- infringement of their charter. It is idle for form of worship, however, was still insur- naw, Major Atherton succeeds in forming him to talk of difficulties, who has gods and mountable, and an intimation of his purpose an acquaintance, which afterwards proves machines at his disposal; and we insist, of seeking the hand of Miss Grey was re- of service to him. On reaching the place that where the matter is within our jurisbutted with the decision of principle. Time of their destination, a negociation is opened diction, life shall be saved at all hazards. rolled on, however, and the affair continued with Sassacus, the chief of the Pequods; We have always thought the death of Clara undecided. Mr Grey left the Colony, on a but the terms of the cartel could not be sa. Mowbray a very unhandsome thing on the visit to the mother country; a matter which tisfactorily arranged. Atherton, in the part of the Great Unknown, as well as a required more time two hundred years ago, mean time, discovers that one of the cap- dangerous example to aspirants, and one than it does at this day, when a man may tives is Miriam Grey; and on the failure which, after this intimation of our view of travel over Europe and return, before his of the treaty, takes measures to rescue her; it
, they will follow at their peril. friends in the next street have noticed bis and, following the directions of Cushmina Many characters in this work are well absence. He left Major Atherton to con- nearly succeeds in his attempt. The whole sustained. We would mention among them, tinue his attentions to Miriam, and Miriam party, however, are seized just as they those of Standish, and Peregrine White, to imagine, in some indistinct manner, that are about to gain the boat, and Miriam is who, as we have hinted before, is described these attentions were agreeable things, carried back to her former place of con- as a wag, upon the authority, we suppose,
of the old newspaper obituary, which rep- the waters of the bay, all wore the same unsullied in spite, as it were, of our prepossessions. resents him to have been extravagant in vestment, while each tree was tufted with the win with all the faults which we have pointed the early part of his life. Next to these, try foliage, which wreathed the smallest spray, and out, we consider the work as one of much the characters of Ashly and Calvert, are, beneath the feathery burthen. every slender shrub and clustering vine trembled
merit, and have perused it, as we think perhaps, the best executed; and we really
But, even while gazıng, the glittering pageant many of our readers will do, with inthought the first too respectable to be coup- faded from the eye; the warm beams of the rising terest. It will rival neither the works of led up with Miss Spindle; but let that pass, sun spread, like a blush, over the stainless surface; the Great Unknown, nor those of our inas it was necessary to dispose of him, and and yielding to their influence, the delicate flost genious countryman, the author of “The no better way occurs to us at present. We work melted from tree, shrub, and vine, and de- Pilot;" but it is superior to many in the
scended in broken masses to he ground. As nawould observe in general, that the dramatis ture threw off the fantastic dress she had assumed, same walk, that have enjoyed a good depersonæ are too numerous, and that the au- Atherton was powerfully struck by the grandeur of gree of the favor of the public. thor has weakened his power by dividing it. her form, and the endless variety of lineament We shall conclude by recommending to A little more regard to the unities of space which characterizes her, in a land where the mag: the author in his next book, for we take it and time, would bave rendered his task nificent and the beautiful are blended, with such for granted, that this is, according to the
unrivalled skill. easier, and the effect would have been passing through the narrow channel, which forms fashion of the day, but the first of a series, more pleasing. Akin to this objection is the entrance of the harbour, and then expands into to trust more to his powers of invention and another, which occurs to us, on the subject a deep and capacious basin; on the left, the Blue description, and less to the records of the of the use of his materials, of which he has Hills were still visible, forming a part of the lotty time; and following the precept and examnot been sufficiently econoznical,-employ- range, which rises gradually from the shores of the ple of his great prototype, to draw from ing in the composition of two volumes, as broken at intervals into deep ravines and extensive history and tradition nothing but the hard much as, with good inanagement. would vallies, then almost in the untutored wildness of and dry outlines of his subject, which are have made a dozen. He has committed, in nature ;-where many a silver stream rolled its fer- to be filled up and embellished with a warm this particular, the same error which Swift tilizing waves, unmarked by any eye save that of and bright colouring from that nature, charged upon Steele, when he borrowed an the Indian hunter, and unimproved, but by the in- which is the same now that it was two hunidea roin the Dean, which he was reserving tion on its banks.
dustrious beaver, who erected his ingenious babita. dred years ago. for a volume, and used it up, if the phrase
Major Atherton gazed with unwearied pleasure may be permitted, in a single Spectator. on the boundless prospect; lovely and majestic in
There are some criticisms, of minor im- its outlines, though the freshness and bloom of sum- Seventeen Discourses on Several Texts of portance, which occurred to us during the mer were wanting to complete its attractions, and Scripture ; addressed to Christian Assem'perusal of these volumes. Thus, Sauguish clothe with verdure the undulating forests and fruit
blies, in Villages near Cambridge ; to is here given as the name of an island, which of Dorchester, then unknown to fame : more disful plains. Near hi'n were the commanding heights
which are added Six Morning Exercises. we bave been accustomed to call Saguish ; tant, the wood-crowned eminence of Noonantum,
By Robert Robinson. First American and we have also supposed that Governor where, soon after, commenced the missionary la.
Edition. With a Life of the Author. Winslow resided at his farm of Careswell, bours of the American Apostle, the devoted Elliot, Boston. 1824. 12mo. pp. 434. prior to the date of this work, which rep- the forest, and instructed them in the duties of reli: Me Robinson was born in Norfolk County,
who of resents him as residing in Plymouth. An- gion, and the arts of civilization: nearer, again, in England, in 1735.
His father was a achronisms are lawful to poets and novelists, arose the memorable summit of Bunker Hill, where Scotchman, and an exciseman; and nothing but we noticed this because the author the first laurels were plucked to garland the brow of more is said of him, than that “his humble seems careful to avoid them. We are not liberty; while far in the northern horizon, like sphere in life received no dignity from his certain, however, of our own judgment, in doating clouds, were visible the stupendous mouneither of these particulars, and possibly he sains, which pervade the then unexplored regions understanding, and no brightness from his
of New Hampshire. Traces of cultivation were virtues.” Robert was the youngest of three may be correct in both. Again, there is
apparent within this extensive range ; and that children; his father died when he was six some obscurity in the account of the mo- spirit of enterprise, which marked the early settlers years old, and left his family destitute. But tions of the various parties, on the occasion of New England, and has never deserted their de- the young pupil had made so favourable an when Miriam is saved from drowning by scendants, was already, observable in the rapid im- impression upon his teacher, the Rev. Jo. Atherton. We do not understand how the in many places, the axe of the adventurer had fell. seph Brett, and so highly did this gentlelatter reached the Gurnet in so short a time, ed the trees of the wilderness ; and in their stead, man respect the motives which induced Mrs nor where Mr Woodman's house was situ- appeared at intervals, the clustering tenements, the Robinson almost to exhaust her resources in ated. The description does not seem to us mud-walled church, and wooden palisade, denoting efforts to maintain her son at school, that he to agree with our recollections of the vari- the foundation of a town, or village, most of which offered to instruct him without compensaous localities; but it is long since we be- have since risen into wealth and importance.
tion. This kind offer was, of course, acbeld them, and we have no map at hand of The style of the work is generally easy cepted, and Robert remained at school until a size sufficient to satisfy us concerning and pleasing. We noticed but two offences he was fourteen; and, in the mean time, he these particulars.
against good English; one was on page 106 had learned the French and Latin lanMuch of the conversation is spirited and of the first volume, where Atherton asks guages, and made great proficiency in most agreeable; some of it, again, is much too where Capt. Standish was located, &c.; the of the studies commonly pursued at such inlong, and wanting in point. The descrip- other on page 11 of the second, where a po- stitutions. But his mother at length found, tions of scenery are often so well executed sition is mentioned, as one that is now that unconquerable difficulties must prevent and graphic, that we only regret that they " improved as an important naval depot." his success as a scholar, and she at once do not occur more frequently. We extract In concluding our remarks upon this pub- abandoned every hope of the kind, and the following as a good specimen.
lication, it occurs to us that its author, and sought only to shield her child from want, As soon as Atherton awoke in the morning, he our readers generally, may think that we by preparing him to earn a living in some hastened on deck, to note the progress they had have hardly redeemed the pledge which we useful calling; and he was soon apprenticed made; and with delighted surprise, found the ves: gave at the commencement of them, to re-to a London barber. For some time he la. sel just entering the harbour of Boston. So novel view it in the spirit of favor—having em- boured in his vocation diligently; but his and beautiful was the scene presented to his view, that he could scarcely persuade himself that he was ployed much more time in marking its de love of reading returned, and he improved pot suddenly transported to the regions of fairy- fects than its beauties. But, though we every opportunity of indulging this ruling land.
admit that we may not have been able to passion, which he could find or make. His A slight fall of snow, which descended during the resist the temptation to find fault, so en character had always indicated a regard for night, bad invested the earth with its fleecy cover tirely as we hoped ; yet, as we fairly stated religion, and at this time he exhibited ing, and robed every object with a drapery of daz: the expectations which were likely to influ- something of religious
enthusiasm. He gradof the cloudless sky, and the deep green of the
ence us, what we have said in its praise ually attached himself to the Methodists, betan waves. The numerous islands, which gem i ought to be the more valuable, as it is given and was in habits of intimacy with White
field. He familiarly corresponded with that that which he sought to do, in the way, and showing you, that Christianity is not a secret but a remarkable man, and his self-love was grat- by the means, which seemed to him most revealed religion--that you are all of you able to ified, and, doubtless, his ambition inflamed, efficient. Many of his works, --for he pub- understand it--and that there is every reason in the by Whitefield’s reading to his congregation, ished many beside the volume now under world why you should apply yourselves to the tho
rough knowledge of it. in Robinson's presence, two letters which notice,-indicate, if we may trust his bi. When I affirm, the christian religion hath no he had received from him. At nineteen he ographer, extensive learning, and procured mysteries now, I do not mean to say that the truths began to preach among the Methodists, and for him many compliments from the digni- and he duties of Christianity are not connected with with great success. After about two years taries of the established church. Great ef- other truths and other exercises, which surpass all he leit the Methodists, and in a year or two forts were made to bring him within the edge of the incomprehensible parts, and the belief
our comprehension ; but I affirm, that the knowlfrom this secession joined the Baptists. In pale from which he had wandered, but be of what people please to conjecture about them, 1759 he took charge of a small congrega- resisted them all, and, as we have said, though they may be parts of our amusement, and tion in Cambridge, which gradually increas- never changed the sphere of his labours. It perhaps improvement, are yet no parts of that relied, until the contributions of his people seems, that to each of the dissenting con- gion which God requires of us under pain of his yielded him an abundant support; and with gregations in Cambridge many families in displeasure. Suppose I were to affirm, there is no them he passed the remainder of his life. the adjacent villages are joined, and ser- and using hay; all this would be very true; and
secret in mowing grass, and in making, stacking, In 1790 he died suddenly.
mons are preached to them near their own should any one deny this, and question me about It is not stated why he left the Method - domiciles, once a month. From sermons the manner in which one little seed produces cloists; but if the sermons contained in this thus preached, those which form this vol ver, another trefoil, a third rye-grass, and concernvolume are fair samples of those which he ume were selected. His audiences appear, spirit to horses, and milk to cows, and fat to oxen
ing the manner how all these convey strength and was accustomed to preach, it is not difficult from his addresses to them, to have been in the winter; I would reply, All this is philosoto assign a reason for this conduct. They composed principally of persons of very phy; nothing of this is necessary to mowing, and contain no indication of that excessive en- humble rank; and his discourses are faith- making, and using hay. I sanctify this thought by thusiasm, which we are accustomed to be fully adapted to them; of course, they are applying it to religion. Every good work produces lieve that sect look for, and applaud, in in some respects not suited to the literary work, and to hope for the reward from the known
present pleasure and future reward ; to perform the those who are peculiarly eminent among taste of higher classes. Perhaps too, the character of the great Master we serve, is religion, them. There is an exceeding simplicity habits and connexions of his early life, and all before and after is only connected with and heartiness about them; no reader can tended to disqualify him for studied and it. *** doubt that the preacher was in earnest, and accurate elegance of style. These dis
Take heart, then, my good brethren; you may preached for his hearers' sake, and not for courses were all composed hastily, and this understand, practise, and enjoy all this rich gift of his own. Nor is there less certainty as to may serve as a reason, if not an apology, and refreshment by 'rest at night. Let no one sar;
God to man, just as you enjoy the light of the day. his object, or the means by which he would for occasional looseness of reasoning, as I was born in poverty. I have had no learning, 1 attain it. He wishes to make them whom well as inaptitude of ornament or illustra- have no friends, my days are spent in labour, and I he addresses, religious ; and to this end he tion, and bad taste in expression. But we have no prospect except that of drawing my last urges upon them the plain and indubitable will give our readers an opportunity of breath where .. drew my first. All this may be truths of religion. He says little about judging for themselves, by extracting from and practising, and enjoying the Christian Religion,
true; but all this will not prevent your knowing, doctrines, and very little about disputed doc- the
first sermon,-upon the text, “ When ye the founder of which had not, what the birds of the trines; but he earnestly enforces the great read, ye may understand my knowledge in air have, where to lay his head.' truth, that the essence and the evidence of the mystery of Christ,”-passages which
When I say all may understand it, I mean, if religion, is the love and the practice of will be a sufficient sample of the volume.
their own depravity does not prevent it. Plainly, you goodness. Upon this point, the following BRETHREN,
cannot know it it you do not attend to it; nor can extract from the Preface may show his
you know it though you do attend, if you do not at
Suppose the apostle Paul, when he first stood tend to Christianity itself, and not to something else opinion.
up in the synagogue at Ephesus to teach Christian- put instead of it. Let me explain myself. The author of these discourses is of opinion that ity to the Jews, or in the school of Tyrannus to a One says, I cannot understand the nature and the Christian religion ought to be distinguished mixed assembly, had begun his discourse by say- force of religion ; and pray, is there any thing wonfrom the philosophy of it. On this ground he stud- ing, · Men of Ephesus, I am going to teach a reli- derful in your ignorance? Consider, you never ies to establish facts; and he hath no idea of guilt gion which none of you can understand ;' I say, read the Scriptures; you never ask any body to in regard to different reasonings on the nature of suppose this ; put yourselves in the place of the read them to you ; you hate and persecute good those facts, or the persons concerned in them. He Ephesians, and you must allow, that he would have men; you seldom enter a place of worship; you hath his own opinions of the nature of God, and insulted his hearers, disgraced himself, and misrep- keep wicked company like yourself; you are often Christ, and man, and the decrees, and so on : but resented the religion of Jesus Christ.
seen in the practice of enormous crimes. Are you he doth not think that the opinion of Athanasius, or
He would have insulted the assembly; and they the man to complain, 'I cannot understand reliArius, or Sabellius, or Socinus, or Augustine, or would have thought, This man either doth under- gion?' It would be a mystery indeed, if a man who Pelagius, or Whitby, or Gill, on the subjects in dis- stand the subject of which he is going to speak, or never turned his attention to a subject, should know pute between them, ought to be considered of such he doth not. If he doth not understand it himself
, any thing certain about it. We have no such mysimportance as to divide Christians, by being made he bath gathered us together only to hear him con- tery in all the christian religion. Christians do not standards to judge of the truth of any man's Chris- fess his ignorance ; and what have we to do with live like you. tianity. He thinks virtue, and not faith, the bond that? If he be ignorant, let him sit silent, as we do, It is not only to you that I affirm this connexion of union, though he supposes the subject ought to be and give place to such as do know what they talk between attention and knowledge; for if this baro properly explained. His design, therefore, in these of. If he does understand it himself, why should he were filled with statesmen and scholars, generals discourses, was to possess people of a full convic- affirm we cannot ? Are we assembled to hear him and kings, I should be allowed to say to one, Sir
, tion of the truth of a few facts, the belief of which boast? Does he take us for idiots, who have no you understand intrigue ; to another, Sir, you uphe thought would produce virtue, and along with reason, or for libertines, who make no use of what derstand war, to besiege a town, and rout an army; that, personal and social happiness. His ideas of they have ?
to a third, Sir, you understand law, and every this subject do not meet the views of some of his He would have disgraced himself ; for what can branch of the office of a conservator of the peace : brethren: but while he wishes they may enjoy render a man more ridiculous than his pretending to another, Sir, you understand languages and arts their own sentiments, he hopes they will not deny to instruct others in what he doth not understand and sciences; and you all understand all these, behim their friendship, because he hath it not in his himself? Paul would have appeared in the pulpit cause you have studied them; but here are two power to think as they do. It is on supposition of just as one of you, taskers, would appear in the things which you have not studied, and which, the harmlessness of philosophy, or rather of the chair of a professor of Hebrew at a university. therefore, you do not know; the one, how to plough, benefit of getting into a sound philosophy, which is What character more disgraceful can a man as- and sow, and reap, and thresh an acre of wheat; nothing but right reason, that he inculcates with all sume, than that of the leader of a credulous party, and the other, how to live
holily in this world, so as his might a spirit of universal liberty; for he never whose religion doth not lie in understanding and to live happily in the world to come. Are you not saw any danger in a difference of opinion, till some practising what is taught, but in believing that the convinced, my good brethren, that the same circumiunruly passion, by disturbing the disputants, and teacher understands it! A provision indeed for the stance, which prevents those gentlemen from knowsouring their tempers, brought the subject into dis- glorious consequence of a blind guide ; but not for ing how to perform the work which you perform grace.
ihe freedom, and piety, and happiness of the every day with pleasure, prevents you from knowing It is evident that the author was sincerely people!
the practice and the pleasure of true Christianity? devoted to his work, and determined to do tian religion; and I am going to prove this, by I said, he would have misrepresented the chris. In both cases
the subject hath not been attended to I go further, and venture to affirm, if religion
could be understood without attention, it would be these addresses were the “ Morning Exer-, accorded so well with the public taste, that a misfortune ; a misfortune depriving us of many cises" at the close of this volume. From they who thought his poems admirable, advantages, and leading us to commit many crimes. one of them, upon The ease with which we acquired knowledge would
6. Caution," we extract) were afraid to express their opinion, and sink the value of it, and darkness would have the following passage, which may show that almost afraid to hold it. But he continued communion with light.'
our author's style of exhortation was at to write, and to publish; he profited so far As attention is absolutely necessary, so it is least as forcible, and as much to the point, by the remarks of the critics, as to avoid equally necessary that attention should be fixed as it was homely.
some errors and faults; but the characterisupon the christian religion itself, and nothing else. We hear often of the mysteries of religion let us
Let us take care of our children. The text says. tics which were peculiarly bis, and had not forget that there are mysteries of iniquity. The wilderness yieldeth food for them, and for been stigmatized as most at variance with Ignorance, covetousness, tyranny, especially ty. their children. They live an idle, wandering life, the spirit and forms of poetry, were continuranny over conscience, all wrap themselves in mys- and they train up their children to be vagrants like ally developed more fully, and more boldly, tery, but if we incorporate any of these mysteries themselves
. Children are great blessings : Happy in every successive production. His largest with the christian religion, and attend to them, in- is the man that hath his quiver,' that is, his house, stead of distinguishing and attending to pure Chris- · full of them.' Under the direction of a prudent work, which is almost his last, is also the most tianity, we may attend and study, but we shall parent, they are “as arrows in the hand of a mighty original poem which he has published, and is never know; we shall be ever learning, and never man,' and will fly here and there to execute his or- most distinctly opposed to those rules by be able to come to the knowledge of the truth. The ders. These children have every thing to learn, and which bis former poetry was judged and condoctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffer- they will learn every thing of those who are the demned. But the scene has changed ; the deliverances of the apostle Paul, were fully known, all the books in the world, and indeed it is the only reading publie demands large and numerous ing, charity,
patience, persecutions, afilictions, and nearest to them. To them example is better than critics are silent, or they praise him; the and diligently followed by common Christians; book they study. Let us not cheat ourselves into but who ever knew the doctrine of transubstantia- a neglect of them by groaning about Old Adam, nor editions of his works, and thus gives the most tion, or that of the infallibility of a frail, sinful man? by chanting over what nobody denies, that God unequivocal proof that he is in favour with Who of us, uninspired men, knows the feelings of a only can make a Christian, which is equal to say them; and it is decidedly the fashion to person under the immediate influence of the Holy inz, God only can make a cucumber. God made praise the poet, whom but to admire, was, Ghost? In vain we pursue such mysteries as these'; the first fruit immediately by his own power; the stronger the attention, the greater the mortifica- he hath made fruit
by means, and the a few years since, a peril which it required tion of not being able to succeed. If one place re
most industrious will always have the best garden. some courage to encounter. A change like ligion in impulses, another in new revelations, a Let us use our children early to do with little sleep. this is an important fact in the history of third in a state of perfection, a fourth in discoveries To put them to bed very early, to give them sleep- literature; it has passed, or is passing beand enjoyments inconsistent with our present state, ing doses, and such other customs, are generally fore us; all its accompanying circumstances and not set before us in the christian religion, they the practices of idle or impatient nurses. Let us
are within our knowledge, and we hope our may well be filled with doubts and fears, and spend never, under pretence of fondness, give them strong life in complaining of the crooked and dreary paths liquors. The water-bucket is the best supply of a readers will bear with us while we specuof religion. If
, on the contrary, we attend only to poor child. Let us not lacquer their appetites, and late a little upon the reason of it. what is revealed, to believe only what is reported learn them to be dainty, or voracious. It is a great That the “ Edinburgh Review" had soine with suficient evidence, to practise only what is misfortune to the poor to have remarkably great ap- influence in retarding the growth of Mr commanded by the undoubted voice of God; if we petites. . Such habits poison and kill. Let us ac- Wordsworth's fame cannot be doubted; but seek only such pleasures and distinctions as we are
custom them to cleanliness and industry, to civility taoght in scripture to expect; in a word, if we
in their manners, and to reverence for their God. we think this influence is greatlyoverrated. would acquaint ourselves only with God, and be at Let us never think of the savage custoin of beating We do not estimate very highly the genepeace one with another, thereby good should come them, nor ever spoil them by the contrary folly of ral influence of critics; for, it seems to us,
cockering and fondling. Above all, let us teach that there are obvious reasons why they
them to think and reason about religion, and to in- should seldom, or never, be able to produce On page 48 is an anecdote respecting our terpre: Scripture for themselves. Let us take care fathers, which may interest those of our to inform them that religion is justice, and nothing
a positive and important effect upon public readers to whom it is new, as it was to us. else. What is the religion of a poor woman's little opinion. They are rather the signs of the It is a benefit to understand the spirit, and see
girl, but to spin a groat a day; for it is just and times the exponents of the literary charthe beauty of the Holy Scriptures? Aflictions teach tight, that she should contribute what little she can acter of the age. Public favour is the very Christians the worth of their Bibles, and so wrap is the religion of a poor under boy on a farm in a not put forth his whole stock of intellectual
toward the maintenance of the family? And what 'breath of their nostrils. The reviewer does up their hearts in the oracles of God. The Bible cold winter day, but to rise early, io milk the cows is but an insipid book to us before afflictions bring clean, to breakfast the sties, to tend the cattle con treasure in one work, which a long labour us to feel the want of it, and then how many com; stantly and kindly, and so on ; for it is just and has wrought out, and then await in subfortable passages do we find, which lay neglected right, that he should do so for the benetit of his missive silence the decree to which the and unknown before! I recollect an instance in a master, who supplies all he wants. Justice makes hopes of many years have looked. He pubhistory of some, who fled trom persecution in this a good shepherd, a good herdman, a good tasker, lishes the Number, and if it does not suit country to that then wild desert, America. Among a good man in every work and business of life. many other hardships, they were sometimes in such we should inculcate this principle in these little the public taste, he endeavours to do better tables in England would have been a dainty to will settle them in services, and preserve them necessity of providing for his readers just straits for bread, that the very crusts of their former folks early in life by everything we do, and this the next time; he generally bow3 to the them. Necessity drove the women and children to from idleness, which leads to vagrancy, as that does what is called for, and keeps this necessity the seaside to look for a ship expected to bring to pilfering and public punishment. them provision ; but no ship for many weeks ap
in view as the guide of his labours, and look's peared; bowever, they saw in the sand vast quan
to the sale of his journal as the criterion of tities shell-fish, since called clamsof musciless ofanger impelled them to taste, and at length The Poetical Works of William Words- ular "crific need not be thus submissive;
his success. It may be that a popthey fed almost wholly on them, and to their own worth. Boston. 1824. 4 vols. 12mo. astonishment were as cheerful, fat, and lusty, as
that it is his business to speak of literary they had been in England with their fill of the best The history of Mr Wordsworth's poems, or productions as they appear, and before a deprovisions. A worthy man, one day after they had rather of his reputation as a poet, is inter- cided opinion is formed of them; and that all dined on clams without bread, returned God esting and instructive. Many years since, he may enforce his own opinion so ably as thanks for causing them to suck of the abundarce he came before the public as an author. to impose it upon the public, and thus influof the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand ; His reception was not xeyy flattering ; not ence public taste. But there are considerpassage in Deuteronomy, a part of the blessing with which Moses blessed the tribe of Zebulun before his such, one would think, as could stimulate ations which lie behind these ; the very death, a passage till then upobserved by the com- him to perseverance hy opening before him supposition that the critic is extensively pany, but which ever after endeared the writings of a prospect of eminent success. The para- popular, proves, as we think, that he has Moses to them.
mount critics of that day spoke of his poetry gratified the existing taste of the day ;Mr Robinson sometimes passed the night with utter scorn ; his most elaborate and that he has pleased his readers by showing in the villages in which he preached, and most successful efforts were assailed with them that they have beretofore thought would then spend a short time, early in the severe satire the cry of contempt and de- aright of literary matters, and giving them morning, in addressing his audience before rision was so loud, and was echoed so faith- excellent reasons for opinions which they they went to their daily labours. Among | fully by all the underlings of literature, and hold ; by praising eloquently whatever their
habits of literary enjoyment make agreea- be wished only to know, and say, if Byron and supernatural deeds and horrors, all ble, and pointing the omnipotent argument or Wordsworth were likely to be eminent equally true to nature; and Eastern ficof ridicule against that which wonld seem in the art of making what the taste and tions filled with creatures that never lived to them a folly. There may be exceptions fashion of the day called fine poetry. He before but in Eastern minds; and stories to this rule, but we cannot think there are mistook the character of Byron's mind, be- of pirates, infidels, rebels, and murderers, many. A man must have great abilities, cause Byron was able to falsify his predic- all infinitely touching and interesting. Men, and must be an advocate for truth in dis- tions, and discredit his criticisms, by becom- for whom it is utterly impossible to feel any tinct opposition to error, or he will scarcely ing popular in defiance of him; but he did thing like cortempt,--men like Scott, Southinfluence, very greatly, public opinion; nor not mistake the intellectual character of ey, and Byron, wrote thus. None can be more can he then by means of a literary journal, Wordsworth, as far as he passed upon it; ready than we are, to acknowledge the unless there are already enough who think for the whole meaning of his condemnation greatness of these poets' powers,-provwith him, to yield him that support, without was, that he deemed Wordsworth incapable ed, if by nothing else, by the many passawhich bis instrument of warfare must fall of assimilating hinself to the established ges of pure and exalted poetry which may from his hands. Now, we do not think that fashion, and gratifying the prevailing taste. be found in all their works. We will admit Jeffrey and his host, with all their wit, and And this was true.
all that any admirer of either of them could learning, and ingenuity, were men of ori- Mr Wordsworth's slow advance in public reasonably ask, and then we may demand ginal and commanding intellects; and that estimation, must be accounted for, we think, if any one, not a child in years or intellect, they had the wrong side of this question, almost entirely by the character of his po- ever believed that the Border Knights of all who read Wordsworth, and they are etry. We do not mean that his faults con- Scott, or the Giaours and Conrads of Byron, now many,—will admit.
cealed his merits, but that the kind, and or the Glendoveers and Afreets of Soutbey, We do not believe that it is an easy thing even the measure of his excellence, were ever had a prototype, or could have had one to control the opinions of a large class of such as to prevent his being justly appreci- in the nature of things. They are impossimen, nor that it is often done by a few indi ated by the public to whom he first present. ble beings, made up of irreconcileable parts, viduals. We shall not, however, wander so ed his poems. Mr Coleridge has somewhere bound, not blended, together; and their far from our subject, as to follow where a said, that an original writer, just so far as thoughts, and emotions, and purposes, are discussion of this point would lead us; but he is original, must create the taste by all alien to the nature of man. Still, these it may receive some illustration from con- which he is enjoyed. This is something writers were men of fine intellects, and ofsidering the different results which attended more than a smart saying; it is a valuable ten wrote pages which deserve not this reMr Jeffrey's assaults upon Byron and upon truth; and Mr Wordsworth, in one of his proach; but such pages are exceptions. It Wordsworth. When Lord Byron, “a mi- prefaces, has applied it justly to the explan- may be said, that all great Epic writers, nor,” started upon his career, the Edin- ation of that very unfavourable reception and especially Milton, have heroes far reburgh Review saluted him with a strain of which his earliest productions met with. moved from actual humanity; but, not to insolent ridicule. The critic appeared to Whatever may be thought of his stand- answer this objection more particularly, think that be treated the patrician young- ing among modern poets, in respect of gen- we may suggest, that these characters differ ster with too much respect by taking any eral power, it will be conceded by any one from the poetic creations of modern days, notice of his nonsense; and if the hopes and at all conversant with his works, that he is in that they are consistent ;-consistent in efforts of an author could be extinguished better entitled than any of his compeers to themselves, and consistent with what is and repressed by any measure of contempt, the name of an original poet. Our readers known of real existence. The good, in such must have been the fate of Lord By- would not follow us through a long and ex- those great poems are good, and the evil ron. But it was not to be so; the Review act investigation of his poetical character; are evil. Tasso's heroes, for example, may was then in its zenith, ruling mercilessly, it would be a severe task to any one,—and be beyond actual humanity, but they are not and, to all appearance, despotically ; but a task to which we think ourselves uncall- utterly opposed to it; and Milton's anstill ruling in the republic of letters—as all ed, and are certain that we are unequal. gels have the purity and splendour of must rule in all republics--by following, But a few remarks upon the more obvious heaven about them, aud his devils are worthat they may lead. In a very short time characteristics of his poems, will show, we thy of their name and doom, and Adam Byron had the best of the battle; the pub. hope, that they are altogether unlike that and Eve are human beings in Paradise, lic sided with him, and he was established kind of writing which various and long ope- with human frailties that will exile them to as a successful poet. But was he thus vic- rating causes had made reading men look earth. torious where Wordsworth was defeated, upon as the highest kind of poetry; and The most popular poets of these days won because he was the stronger? No; we that they are utterly opposed to those prin- their fame by pampering a morbid craving should be borne out by some of the best ciples whose sovereignty-then undisputed after vicious stimulants; but Wordsworth critics of these days, in asserting that -had, not only disarrayed and disfigured did not believe that the intellectual habits Wordsworth, in power and originality of the apparel and the form of Poetry, but of the reading public were so fixedly de genius, is altogether Byron's superior; but tainted her very spirit.
praved, that all relish for the genuine and it is enough for our purpose to say,—what The great characteristic of Wordsworth, healthy fruits of poetry was totally extinnone will deny,—that Byron was not nearly is resolute and confident adherence to guished. To the last he has adhered steadso far superior to Wordsworth in intellect- truth--to truth in sentiment and in lan- fastly to the principle which governed him ual excellence, as he was in his early suc- guage. The effect of the French school of at first. In all his poems there cannot be cess as a poet. The cause, then, of this dif- poetry upon the writer's of Queen Anne's found one-no, not one character which, ference in their fortunes, must be sought age, is often spoken of; but the causes we may well say, has not existed; no elsewhere; and it will be found, we think, which produced these morbid literatures, thoughts which are not of a sane and bal. in the difference of their poetical charac- if we may make a plural of this word,-con- anced mind, accustomed to examine all teristics. With regard to Byron, the Edin-tinued to operate, perhaps through them, things for lessons of truth;-no emotions burgh reviewers made a mistake; with re. long after the wits of Louis and Anne were which are not proper to a pure heart unused gard to Wordsworth they did not err. In silent. Their consequences are visible to indulge its waywardness by mingling neither the one case nor the other, did Mr now. A love of factitious, glittering, inane good and ill, and giving to each the semJeffrey feel that it was his business to go verse descended, not, perhaps, to our own blance of the other. He speaks of things back to the true, and absolute, and perma- day; but while it was passing away, the in- as they are, or as they seem to be, to a nent principles of poetry, to apply its pri- tellectual taste which it bad vitiated, was healthy and pure imagination; he seeks to mal laws, and judge by 'them if the author gratified by another kind of poetry not less give his poems no charm which would dewhom he reviewed was a poet. It was Mr false. There were tales of old times, paint- mand the sacrifice of truth. The boldness Jeffrey's first, and, perhaps, his only aim, to ing the accomplished courtesy of errant sav- of his attempt was proved by his early ill amuse his readers, and get popularity; and ) ages, spiced with chivalrous achievement, fortune, and the power and beauty of his