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and traditional account of the erection of gious monument as Stonehenge, they chose trinkets, &c. As companions to StoneStonehenge-not the most learned or prob- where they found, or made where such henge, these barrows add much to the efable, perhaps, but certainly the most amus- were not fit for their hands, small aggeres, fect of the scene, and heighten the feeling. It seems, according to this account, or mounds of firm and solid earth for an ings of contemplative solemnity which are that the stones which now compose Stone. inclined plane, flatted and levelled at top; wrought up in the bosom of the beholder. henge, were once the property of an old up the sloping sides of which, with great There is nothing modern near the place for woman in Ireland, and grew in her back under levers upon fixed fulciments, and with miles ;-here is the vast and venerable yard. The famous necromancer, Merlin, balances at the end of them to receive into monument, and scattered here and there having set his heart on possessing them, them proportioned weights and counter. about it, are the primitive graves of men mentioned the affair to the Devil, who poises, and with hands enough to guide and who were doubtless familiar with its myspromised to obtain them for him. For this manage the engines, they that way, by lit- teries, but whose knowledge sleeps with purpose, assuming, which he did without the tle and little, heaved and rolled up those them, as soundly as they do. It seems as it least difficulty, the appearance of a gentle stones they intended to erect on the top of there must be some old and mighty sympa. man, he visited the old woman, and pouring the hillock, where laying them along, they thy between these remnants of a vanished a bag of money on her table, told her he dug holes in the earth at the end of every age; as if in the deep silence of the sultry would give her as many of the pieces for stone intended for column or supporter, the noon they might meditate together on the the stones in her ground, as she could reck- depth of which holes were equal to the departed glories of their time; or, when the on while he was taking them away. Think- length of the stones, and then, which was midnight storm was high, might borrow its ing it impossible for one person to manage easily done, let slip the stones into these exulting voice to talk of their well kept sethem in almost any given time, she closed holes straight on end; which stones, so sunk crets, of battle and of victory-while every with his proposal immediately, and began and well closed about with earth, and the human ear was distant, and the sailing forthwith to count the money; but she had no tops of them level with the top of the mount clouds, and the glancing stars, alone looked sooner laid her hand on the first coin, than on which the other flat stones lay, it was on at their solemn dialogue, the old one cried out, Hold ! for your stones only placing those incumbent flat stones In returning to Salisbury, I took a differare gone! The old woman ran to her win- upon the tops of the supporters, duly bound ent road from that which brought me to dow, and looking out into her back yard, and fastened, and taking away the earth Stonehenge, and at the end of two miles found that it was really so—her stones from between them almost to the bottom of came to the village of Amesbury. While were gone. The Arch Enemy had, in the the supporters, and there then appeared the postillion stopped here to refresh himtwinkling of an eye, taken them all down, what we now call Stonehenge.”
self and his horses, I walked out, and passtied them together, and was now flying Concerning the origin and derivation of ing a small, but old and pituresque church, away with them. As he was crossing the the name Stonehenge, there is as much di- entered the grounds of Amesbury House, a river Avon, at Bulford, the string which versity of opinion as upon any other cir- mansion belonging to Lord Douglas. The bound the stones became loose, and one of cumstance relating to it. Inigo Jones says, building was designed by Inigo Jones, and them dropped into the stream, where it still “This antiquity, because the architraves is a handsome looking house, but fast going may be seen; with the rest, however, he are set upon the heads of the upright stones, to decay, as the present possessor has not arrived safe on Salisbury Plain, where, in and hang as it were, in the air, is gene- inhabited it for years. The walls are deobedience to Merlin's instructions, he be- rally known by the name of Stone-Henge." faced, the windows boarded up, and the gan to set them up again. The work, in “The true Saxon name,” says Gibson, in glass broken. The grounds are as desolate the hands of such a builder, went on swim- Camden's Britannia,“ seems to be Stan- as the dwelling; the banks of the Avon, mingly, and the Devil was so well pleased hengest,—from the memorable slaughter which winds through them, are overgrown with it, that as he was placing the last which Hengist, the Saxon, here made of the with long grass and bushes, and its stream stone, he declared, with an intention, no Britons. If this etymology may be allowed, is choked with mud and reeds ; a bridge, doubt, of teazing the restless curiosity of then that other received derivation from the with a summer-house in the Chinese fashion mankind, that no one should ever know hanging of stones, may be as far from the built upon it, is made almost impassable by where the pile came from, or how it came truth, as that of the vulgar Stone-edge, from its own ruins; the path is strewn with dead there. In this part of the business he was stones set on edge.” An anonymous writer, leaves and withered branches; the dial disappointed; for a Friar, who had lain about the year 1660, who calls his piece stone is overturned, and there is not even concealed about the work, loudly replied, “ A Fool's Bolt soon shot at Stonage,” ap- "One rose of the wilderness left on its stalk, • That is more than thou canst tell, Old pears to me to be gravely quizzing the an- To mark where a garden had been." Nick.' This put the Devil in such a rage, tiquaries and etymologists ;-if he is not, Feelings more deeply sad and sorrowful that pulling up the nearest stone by the he is himself the most ridiculous of the are perhaps inspired by scenes like this
, roots, he threw it at the Friar, with the de- whole fraternity. He pretends to have than by the remains of a more distant sign of crushing him; but the Friar was discovered every thing concerning this pile, age ;-decay is premature, and ruin has too nimble for him—the stone only struck the when, the how, the why, and the where come before its time; the traces of desolahis heel; and thus he gave it its present fore, and divides his article into twelve tion are marked upon familiar things, and name, and escaped to let the world know particulars, the second of which relates to the effects of many years have overtaken who was the architect of Stonehenge. the contested derivation. Hear it! “2. My the workmanship of yesterday.
They who still persist in giving no credit second particular is, that a bloody battle was When I returned to the inn, I found the to the Friar's information, have been ex- fought near Stonage. For the very name chaise waiting for me. The sun was now very ceedingly puzzled in endeavouring to ac- Stonage signifies Stone-battle ; the last syl- powerful, and its rays, by being reflected count for the elevation of such huge col-lable age coming from the Greek dyes, a from the chalky road, were rendered doubly umns, in an age which must have been so furious battle, &c.; so that all that have burning. Neither was there any thing in rude and ignorant. The solution given by built their opinion of this monument on any the scenery to refresh the spirit and cool Rowland has the meritof ingenuity, although other foundation than a bloody battle, have the blood ;-—the harvest was over, and the it cannot be determined that the method built Stonages in the air.”—But enough of fields were all dry stubble ;-not a cottage suggested by him was that employed by the this.
was to be seen, nor any living thing, exreal builders. I give it in his own words. After having viewed the monument it- cepting a shepherd whoin we met, with his “The powers of the lever, and of the inclin- self, the attention is attracted to the nu- coat stripped off and thrown over his should ed plane, being some of the first things un- merous barrows, or sepulchral mounds, by er, covered with dust, and driving a flock of derstood by mankind in the art of building, which it is surrounded. Several of these panting sheep over the heated downs, it may be well conceived that our first an- have been opened, and have been found to Within two miles of Salisbury, and at a cestors made use of them; and we may im- contain cinerary urns, metal and glass short distance from the road, are the ruins agine, that in order to erect such a prodi- beads, weapons of brass and iron, cups, lof Old Sarum. The only dwelling near it
is a humble pot-house, at which we stopped. colours do to the eye,-a sensation of re- / shall take my leave of it with the followA path through its little garden leads out pose, after the contemplation of glaring ing : upon the ruins. They are very inconsidera- and offensive hues.
“ Look! under that broad becch tree I ble; an irregular mound of earth incloing The Complete Angler is in the form of sat down, when I was last this way a fisha space of two thousand feet in diameter, a dialogue between a Fowler, a Hunter, ing. And the birds in the adjoining grove and a yard or two of crumbling stone wall; and a Fisher, who meet together by acci- seemed to have a friendly contention with yet this place sends two members to par- dent and enter into a discussion of the an echo, whose dead voice seemed to live liament, that is, the proprietor of the land merits of their respective pursuits. The first in a hollow tree near to the brow of that sends them. Horne Tooke was once re- speaker is the Fowler, from whose pane- primrose hill. There I sat viewing the turned from this thoroughly rotten borough. gyric on his vocation, and every thing con- silver streams glide silently toward their Two lads were ploughing immediately un- nected with it, I would make one extract. centre, the tempestuous sea; yet sometimes der the ramparts.
“ But the nightingale, another of my airy opposed by rugged roots and pebble-stones, Et te durus arator
creatures, breathes such sweet loud music which broke their waves, and turned them Vertet, et, Urbs, dicet, hæc quoque clara fuit. out of her little instrumental throat, that it into foam."
Sannazarius. might make mankind to think miracles are And this description of the mode of cookA ride of fifteen minutes more brought not ceased. He that at midnight, when ing a pike [pickerel], which is sufficiently us to Salisbury.
F. G. the labourer sleeps securely, should hear, appetizing.
as I have very often, the clear airs, the “ But if this direction to catch a Pike sweet descants, the natural rising and fall- thus do you no good, yet I am certain this
ing, the doubling and redoubling of her voice, direction, how to roast him when he is All the world has heard of Isaac Wal- might well be lifted above earth, and say, caught, is choicely good; for I have tried ton's s fascinating little volume”-for all the Lord, what music hast thou provided for the it, and it is something the better for not world has read the Sketch Book-but few saints in heaven, when thou affordest bad being common.
But with my direction in this country have ever read it. Although men such music on earth.”
you must take this caution, that your Pike it has passed through many editions since its
The Hunter follows, with appropriate must not be a small one, that is, it must be first publication in 1653, it has for many years praise of his favourite amusement, and the more than half a yard, and should be bigger. been comparatively a rare book, and I think Fisher concludes the debate with a long dis- “ First, open your Pike at the gills, and you may have readers who will be amused by course on the pleasures of angling, which if need be, cut also a little slit towards the soine account of the work and its author. makes a convert of the former. The Fowl- belly. Out of these take his guts; and The edition which is now before me* is in er soon leaves them, while the Fisher goes keep his liver, which you are to shred very a less expensive form, than the former ones on through the remainder of the book, to in- small, with thyme, sweet marjoram, and a have usually been. All the engravings are struct his new disciple in the best methods little winter-savory; to these put some omitted, which deprives the work of one of catching and cooking the various fish pickled oysters, and some anchovies, two charm, that the author seems to have made which inhabit the streams and ponds in or three, both these last whole, for the anno small account of, observing that “ be England. In the course of their walk they chovies will melt, and the oysters should who likes not the book should like the ex- meet with a party engaged in hunting the not; to these you must add also a pound of cellent picture of the trout, and some of the otter. On this occasion the Angler puz- sweet butter, which you are to mix with other fish, which I may take a liberty to com- zles the Huntsman with a question near the herbs that are shred, and let them all mend, because they concern pot myself.”
akin to one, which has worried wiser heads be well salted. If the Pike be more than The author of this celebrated treatise than his, even the learned in the law of our a yard long, then you may put into these was born at Stafford, in the year 1593; and, own times.
herbs more than a pound, or if he be less, to judge from the style of his literary per: ask you a pleasant question; do you hunt thus mixed, with a blade or two of mace,
· Pisc. I pray, honest Huntsman, let me then less butter will suffice: These, being formances, must have received a good English education. Some time before the year a beast or a fish?"
must be put into the Pike's belly: and then 1624 he settled in London as a sempeter or
There are pieces of delightful poetry his belly so sewed up as to keep all the linen-draper, which employment he con- scattered through the volume; the fol- butter in his belly if it be possible; if not, tinued to follow till 1643, when he retired lowing is a favourable specimen. I have then as much as you possibly can. But from business and spent the remainder of seen it lately published in a journal as the take not off the scales. Then you are to his life, which was protracted to the ad- property of an English poetess, who flour- thrust the spit through his mouth, out at his vanced age of ninety,“ mostly in the fami- ished about eighty years after Walton tail. And then take four or five or six split lies of the eminent clergymen of England, died. It has been accredited to divers old sticks, or very thin laths, and a convenient by whom he was much beloved.” He wrote authors; but is attributed by Walton him- quantity of tape or filleting; these laths the biography of Sir John Donne, Sir Hen- self to Hubbard.
are to be tied round about the Pike's body ry Wotton, and other eminent persons; but Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,
from his head to his tail, and the tape tied the present work is the one to which he The bridal of the earth and sky,
somewhat thick, to prevent his breaking or has owed his celebrity. It is chiefly re
Sweet dews shall weep thy fall to-night, falling off from the spit. Let him be roast
for thou must die. markable for the tone of simplicity, benevo
ed very leisurely; and often basted with lence, and gentleness, that breathes through Sweet rose, whose hue, angry and brave,
claret wine and anchovies and butter mix. the whole. We feel ourselves acquainted
Bids the rash gazer wipe his eye,
ed together; and also with what moisture with the author; and when we contemplate
Thy root is ever in its grave,
falls from him into the pan. When you
and thou must die. his quiet cheerfulness and primitive morali
have roasted him sufficiently you are to hold ty and charity, and remember that he lived
Sweet spring, full of sweet days and roses,
under him, when you unwind or cut the through the stormy periods of the reign of
A box u here sweets compacted lie;
tape that ties him, such a dish as you purCharles I., the protectorate of Cromwell,
My music shows you have your closes, pose to eat him out of; and let him fall in
and all must die. and the licentious days which succeeded
to it with the sauce that is roasted in his the Restoration, we cannot wonder that he
Only a sweet and virtuous soul,
belly; and by this means the Pike will be
Like season'd timber, never gives, was, as he is said to have been, “ well be
kept unbroken and complete. Then, to the
But when the whole world turns to coal, loved of all good men.” Amid the turmoil
sauce which was within, and also that sauce
then chiefly lives. and vices of the time, the character of
in the pan, you are to add a fit quantity of Walton affords to the mind, what certain beautiful extracts from this little work, three or four oranges. Lastly, you may
I might select for your readers many the best butter, and to squeeze the juice of The Complete Angler of Isaac Walton and but would much rather, for their sakes, either put it into the Pike, with the oysters, Charles Cotton. Chiswick. 1824.
they should seek them for themselves; and two cloves of garlick, and take it whole
out, when the Pike is cut off the spit; or, and places for the utterance of thought own fancy, perhaps to fantastic or false conto give the sauce a hogoo, let the dish into By wisdom we mean something very differ- clusions, unchecked by the restraining in. which you let the Pike fall be rubbed with ent;--the power of distinctly perceiving fluence of comparison or conflict with other it; the using or not using of this garlick is and rightly using those absolute truths minds. Man is essentially social, because left to your discretion,
M. B. which should control and may improve man the needs of his nature make him so ; and “ This dish of meat is too good for any as a moral and spiritual being ; seeing a it is not more true, that did we not congrebut anglers, or very honest men; and I thing not only as it is in itself, but in its gate, cities could not be builded nor the trust you will prove both, and therefore I uses; and of making all attainments, all arts of life be practised, than it is that our have trusted you with this secret.” circumstances do service in the forming of thoughts and feelings require, nay imperi
Very sensitive readers may be occasionally correct judgments upon the relations, the ously demand, perpetual and intimate assosurprised with a kind of professional hard- duties, and the hopes which the vicissitudes ciation with our fellows. Solitude and unheartedness, which mingles oddly enough of life may offer. It is obvious,-if the disturbed meditation are often good-but with Walton's general benignity and ten- words are thus rightly used,--that learning chiefly if not only good, as they serve to derness; as when, in giving directions is only to be valued as the instrument of ripen or store away for use, the fruits which touching the catching of pickerel, he or- wisdom; and if it be equally obvious that have been gathered in society. Now the ders his pupil to bait the hook with a living scholars are not always sages, and that such recluse scholar has not only lost all the adfrog, and especially requires him to pass a condition of society, and such babits and vantage, but with the habit perhaps the the barb through the struggling reptile tastes as can alone create and supply a nu- power of freely interchanging his opinions "as tenderly as though you loved him." merous class of eminently learned men, and feelings with other men. Again; his
The work of Cotton, which is added to will direct the energies and efforts of the character is injured because he is accusthat of Walton in this edition, is a sort of finest and strongest intellect towards pur- tomed to value his acquisitions and bis obimitation or continuation of it, being in- suits, which lead rather from than to sound jects, by a false test. We are not about tended to supply the deficiencies of the wisdom, then it will be conceded that the to enter upon a disquisition as to the proper latter in the particular of fly-fishing, and want of such a class should not be lament- objects of effort, or the most useful modes the manufacture of artificial fies. ed by us.
of employment; they are obvious enough That scholars are not always, and of ne- for our purposes; as it is obvious enough that
cessity, sages, sounds a little too much like a he who invents a steam-engine which shall AMERICAN SCHOLARSHIP.
truism to be illustrated at great length. give to ten men the power of a thousand, GREAT differences exist between us and Upon this point common opinion may be has done a better thing than if his ingenuiother cultivated nations, in respect to the adduced as good evidence. The world ty were employed in suggesting an original number and character of our scholars. Our deems it impossible, that a man should be guess as to the position of a comma or an land is not cumbered with literati, so nu- one of them, --that he should be prompt, accent in some questionable Greek verse. merous and so distinguished from all who shrewd, full of resources, conversant with This is an extreme case, but it serves to follow other pursuits, as to constitute a class realities and judging wisely about them, illustrate the principle ; and without farby themselves. This fact is often mention- and at the same time a laborious, hard-ther inquiry into the abstract nature of ed at home and abroad; it has been lament. reading student, a man of vast erudition, utility, we would assert, or rather agree, ed by Americans, and cast in their teeth by saturated, as it were, with book-knowledge, with what it is the fashion to assert now-aforeigners, as matter of reproach and ob- and altogether an eminent scholar. And days,—that the strong, direct tendency of loquy. We grant that the circumstance the world is right about it, for the thing is all things in the present age, is towards exists, but are disposed to view it in a very impossible. An eminent scholar--we use utility. This, men are beginning to look different light; to us it appears as a proof the phrase as meaning one who would take at as the end of all exertion; and things and a promise of a better condition of na- rank with those whom it would indicate in are getting to be valued only by their powtional intellect than has characterized any Europe, one who belonged to the same er of promoting the uses of life. In this other people.
class and had reached the same grade—an most important respect, this age is beyond In considering questions of this kind,- eminent scholar can only have become so all that have preceded it, and the nation of in forming an estimate of the worth of by a life passed where the best uses of life which we are a part, beyond all other nascholarship and the homage due to learned are well nigh forgotten,--in his closet. tions; but the pertinacious industry, the men, men are apt to be misled by a common His solitary lamp has not been shining resolute self-denial, the unwavering devoand very influential error ;-they too often through the silent watches of many nights, tion of the whole mind, which are needed do not understand, or do not recollect, while that he might record his thoughts touching to win the scholar's crown, if they are not they reason,--that knowledge is not wis- the duties or hopes of man, or the science stimulated by a miserable and selfish ambidom. The former we regard as an indis- of mind, or the great mystery of govern- tion for empty fame, for honour without serpensable instrument, as a means of vast ment, or the wise economy of public vice, suppose a thorough belief in the vast and inestimable value ; but standing by it. wealth-for he is not a philosopher, nor a and real importance of that which he seeks, self, and employed in no uses, it is worth statesman, nor a politician; he has not which must be a prejudiced, an absurd be, less as any other neglected or misused tool. sought the accomplishment of elegant lite- lief. He is pale with hard thought and Wisdom is a very different thing; it is the rature only as it is the fairest ornament of broken sleep, and his body decays before end which science respects, and only so far the mind, nor has he loved its pure pleas- the 'morbid energy of his over-wrought as it respects this end should science be ures only as an innocent and useful recrea- mind; but he thinks all this well and ex. valued. "It has an absolute and momentous tion,- for he would call it detraction, or, at ults because he has turned over many volworth; and men may well strive for it as best, a very scant measure of justice, were umes and learned what many men have for an unspeakable good, and value it in one to give him credit for only so much thought, and written many pages for others others as a quality which gives a rightful skill in letters as could be thus acquired. to read, and taken an assured rank by the claim to the highest respect. We under. He is a scholar,-an eminent scholar,—but side of the “eruditissimi” whom he wor, stand by this word, learning, simply an nothing more, and therefore the best powers ships. This man may have been gifted acquaintance, more or less extensive or ac- and efforts of his mind have been wasted in with commanding talents, and may have curate, with words and things as they ac- pursuits almost if not altogether frivolous; won a high and far-reaching reputation; tually are or were ; with the literary works some desirable advantages may result from but bring him forth into the concerns of of different ages and nations ; with the his labours, but they are dearly purchased. life ; let him teach his weaker brethren to facts, which, together with certain arrange- The character he has formed, the habits he forego, to neglect or avoid this useless of ments and nomenclatures, constitute what has acquired, are not those of most value. evil thing and labour strenuously for that are usually called the sciences; and with He has been accustomed to think out his good one ; let him discriminate nicely for the languages employed in various times I own thoughts and follow the
lead of his lihem and for himself between that which is
and that which is not desirable; let him tavern, where we enjoyed an excellent appeared with a large piece of court-plaishelp them who are busy in supplying the breakfast. We found here an American ter on her face, to cover a wound inflicted needs, enlarging the comforts, and prevent- shipmaster, who saluted Capt. M-- much by a missile from the galleries a few nights ing or curing the evils of life; let such be in the same way as he might have done before. I should have been wearied with his task, and his strength is as the feeble- had they parted the day before, when, in the performance but for Miss Stephens, at ness of infancy. Now a character like reality, they had not met, as I believe, for whose exquisite singing I came as near rapthis will his be, generally speaking, whom some years. But sailors soon become citi. tures as was becoming. The nobility and all men call an “eminent scholar;" and a zens of the world, and a few years, or a gentry are now generally in the country, character like this, this age, and especially few thousand miles, appear to them of little and the house was not very brilliant; but it this country, ought never to honour. consequence. In the course of the morning was decently filled, or, rather, indecently,
But, we repeat, we are very far from we walked to the Castle, a Saxon building, for, from the dress of some of the ladies, I feeling any contempt for learning; we it is said, of great antiquity, to witness the should have supposed them to be Cyprians ; would give to it, and to them who have it, daily parade of the guards now stationed in but P-assured us he had seen Count. due honour, and would hold out sufficient Dublin, consisting of light-infantry, caval- esses dressed lower and higher. The folinducements for its due cultivation. Most, ry, and artillery, grenadiers, heavy cavalry, lowing morning we found Nr Rosborough, if not all, of the pursuits of life may be and Highlanders. These last swarm all who treated us in a very gentlemanlike followed with more advantage by him who over the city; their dress is very pictur- manner, examined our baggage slightly, has been taught the rudiments of learning esque; a blue bonnet encircled with a refused any fee, and offered to send it to than by the wholly ignorant; and in many band of red plaid, and surmounted with any place we wished. We thanked him for of them high and valuable success cannot black plumes, a white close jacket to the his politeness in that hearty manner, which be attained without considerable acquaint- middle, and a philibeg, kilt, or short petti- one is apt to use towards any man who gives ance with literature. In our country there coat, descending just below the middle of a good impression, or removes a bad one. are some, though not yet many, who are the thigh; the limbs below are quite naked, I have not seen one pretty face yet, not obliged to belong to any profession, and except shoes and tartan hose, which do not from which it is, of course, reasonable to not disposed to seek or hold public stations; reach to the knee; a goat-skin bag before infer, after the sweeping manner of travelto such it is honourable to love literature; them, adorned with rows of tags or tassels re- lers, that the Irish ladies are not handsome. and their studies, though not perhaps very sembling small shaving brushes, a musket, The general appearance of this city is much directly or largely beneficial, are yet some- and a basket-bilted broadsword swung over superior to that of any I have ever seen, thing more than “strenuous idleness.” Let their shoulders with a white leather belt, London not excepted, as well as I recollect. us then have learning, and let us honour it. complete the array of these knights of the Through the middle of it runs the Liffy, a Let our colleges be supplied with teachers bottomless breeks.” It must be a vile dress pretty river, probably about two hundred competent to all the duties of instruction; in winter. On returning from our walk and fifty or three hundred feet wide, quaylet all American productions, indicative of we were informed that the officers of His ed or edged on each side with hewn stone industry and ability and useful knowledge, Majesty's Customs, having been offended by for a mile and a half Irish, or two miles be received with honourable welcome, and some observations made by the Mate of the English, and crossed by six stone, and one let them who may choose their occupations, brig, had instituted a very particular cast iron bridge. The quays are surmountand prefer literary pleasures to idleness or search, and finding concealed in divers parts ed, through their whole length, sometimes dissipation, be duly respected. But let us not of the vessel, articles which they were with an open stone railing, at others, with a forget, that only so much learning as is or pleased to consider contraband, had seized wall about two and a half feet high. Standing may be used is valuable, and let us especi- all the passengers' baggage, trunks, bedding, on one of these bridges, one may see nearly ally recognise and seek the most extensive, &c., and conveyed them away in triumph. the whole way, up or down, through the attainable, and important advantages of Much alarmed at finding our property in the city. This river is a very convenient guide learning,—those which accompany the less claws of such barpies, we burried down to for strangers; for, if one loses his way, he er degrees of it, and may be enjoyed by al- the Custom House, to inquire into the affair. has only to go north or south, as the case most all in the discharge of all their duties. Here we were detained till near two may be, till he reaches it, and follow it to Let our schools be supported by a perse- o'clock, and then obliged to depart unsat- some known point, from wbich he may take vering, liberal, and enlightened patronage,
isfied. All we could get for an answer a new departure. The streets abound with and every means be actively employed to was, that our baggage might possibly be at gentry in slashed sleeves, yea, and slashed secure to the intellect of each one of the Mr Rosborough's on Rogerson's quay. As breeches too. I saw yesterday the ne plus people of this country so much cultivation this was at some distance, we resolved to dine ultra of tatterdemalions—the very prince of and knowledge as shall enlarge and correct upon the business, eating being generally a rags-strolling along with his right band in his views concerning all his duties and matter of paramount importance for some his breeches pocket, and his left in his borights, and supply him with the best mo- days to landsmen, after a voyage across the som, looking as if this fair world was cretives for good conduct.
We shall then Atlantic. In the afternoon we proceeded to ated for bis sole accommodation. This is have no need to lament that few among our Mr Rosborough's, where, after waiting till an exceedingly lazy people. About fifty learned can abide a comparison with the six P. M. in vain, as the gentleman was not rods below one of the bridges are two ferry eminent scholars of Europe.
at home, we returned in high dudgeon at hav- boats, each rowed by two men, who get a We shall, in a future number, state our ing wasted half the day in this unprofitable good living by carrying those across at a opinion as to the condition of society which pursuit. In the evening we went to the half penny apiece, who are too indolent, or could create a numerous class of eminently theatre, to hear Miss Stephens in Lionel too busy, as the case may be, to walk to the learned men, and as to the character which, and Clarissa. The theatre appeared to me bridge; and one sees persons frequently, it is to be hoped, the scholars of this coun- to be a little larger than that in Boston, whose array would indicate them to be try will have.
and, in general, not much more beautiful. worth some sixpence or thereabouts, payIn one particular it is better, the benches ing their mite to save themselves a few
of the pit are covered and stuffed; both men rods of walking. LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER. and women occupy it. The mode of light- I am amazed at the variety of vehicles No. II.
ing by moon-light lamps, instead of candles, here ;-tilburies, gingles, sociables, and a
or common lamps, produces a pleasing ef- long etcetera of indescribable machines to Dublin, September 13.
fect. The scenery seemed better painted put people in ridiculous situations. If any On Wednesday morning, twenty-four days and managed. All the lobbies and doors of you should feel a laudable desire to asafter we embarked, we set foot on the ter-were guarded by armed Highlanders, to tonish the natives by sporting a sociable, ra-firma of green Erin, and walked up the prevent or suppress riots, which are said the following is a recipe : Take a large banks of the Liffy to the Custom House to be not uncommon. One of the actresses (round hand-basket, wheels of wheelbarows,
and'stout hogshead hoops, of each two, the sun had been up some time. I was rock, which may be called real estate in mount the hoops vertically upon the axles disappointed on arriving at St Patrick's Ca- the most literal sense, is tenanted by seaof the wheels, by way of springs, and the thedral, to find that it was undergoing re- fowl, who are obliged to pay a sort of rent hand-basket as firmly as you can upon the pairs, and therefore closed; and as the in kind, that is, in eggs, to the landlord, hoops ; shafts like any other vehicle, and Sexton was too genteel a person to rise at who, moreover, sometimes takes the body for the want of a shelty, take a donkey; such a plebeian hour as eight o'clock, I was of the lessee without much form of law. On for a driver 'procure the raggedest miscre- obliged to forego the hope of seeing the Tuesday morning we landed at Troon, a ant in Bayard, where they abound; a interior, and the Dean's monument. I small port of entry in the Firth. The town, Hingham bucket turned upside down may went into a small church in the neighbour- and indeed all the neighbourhood, belongs be lashed to the front of the basket for his hood, where the morning service was be to the Duke of Portland, and though an inseat, and the thing is complete. Get into ginning. The congregation at this hour, significant place, containing hardly a dozen the basket with any friend that will join you may be sure, was none of the most houses, it has a stone mole, and two large you, and drive off
, and if you are not tum- fashionable. The preacher went through dry docks of the same materials, all conbled into the mud before you get far, you his duty, as it seemed to me, with great structed by the Duke, who employs several will have better luck than every body has sang-froid, and appeared to have very little large vessels to carry coal from his inines in a sociable. The gingles, or jaunting cars, concern about the sermon which he read to Ireland; for, though the Irish have plenty are constructed on a principle which is the to us. I was surprised to learn afterwards, of coal in their own island, they are not reverse of the sociable; for, as in the lat- that he was Charles Maturin, which circum- allowed to dig it, but compelled to buy it of ter it is obvious that the parties must ride stance, had I known it before, would most their English or Scotch neighbours. From face to face, in the former they are placed probably have materially influenced my the very landing to Kilmarnock, a distance back to back, and are carried side foremost opinion of his performance. There was of ten miles, is a rail-road, which is a castwith the feet swinging in the air, from little in the streets, on my return, to re- iron road; at least, the ruts are so, and the which you may further infer that the so- mind me that it was Sunday. The old wo-wheels of all vehicles which travel upon ciable is the more genteel of the two. inen did not seem to imagine that the it are also of iron, and made exactly to fit
Dublin was formerly much infested with commandment extended to the trade in the road; so you must perceive that all mendicants, who have since been in a great nuts and apples. In the course of the fore- manner of reins, driving, &c., are matters measure suppressed by authority. Many noon we went to the Castle chapel, and of supererogation. A rope serves to stop of the professional beggars now conduct had the honor of sitting in the pew of his the horse, when he has proceeded as far as their operations more warily. A stranger, excellency Earl Talbot, Lord Lieutenant of the rider thinks necessary, and when he on approaching the stand of a fruit-seller, Ireland. The pews here are all private, and has once started, he must, will he, nill he, will often be surprised by a most pathetic usually locked, no one being admitted but go to the end of the road before he can get appeal to his charitable feelings, and some- by a special introduction; so you perceive back again. This contrivance is intended times the language used on these occasions that we are getting on in the world. You facilitate the conveyance of the coal
, is in the highest degree shocking to New may be curious to know how we effected and is less expensive than it would seem at England ears.
this, but I pretermit the explanation, as in first sight, since the iron is procured and There are many fine old buildings in no way befitting the grandeur of the occa- cast at no great distance; and, as the work Dublin, and more fine new ones. A noble sion. Above the altar, in this chapel, is a is done by the Duke's tenants, much of the monument to the memory of Lord Nelson large painted window, the effect of which is money comes into his hands again in the stands in Sackville street, and another is now very magnificent. The lofts, or galleries, shape of rents.
All travellers must, of erecting in the Phænix park for Lord Wel are pannelled with black oak, richly carved course, in passing these roads, make use lington; which Phænix park is the finest in and fretted, each pannel bearing the coat of vehicles belonging to the same persons, the three kingdoms, being thirteen miles of arms of a Lord Lieutenant, with their for no other wheels will fit them; and, as in extent, “ sit fides penes auctores.” 1 do names beneath; the arms, devices, names, his grace gets his share of the profits in the not vouch for it. The appearance of the &c., being all carved on the wood, without same way, he has the advantage of a toll, lower orders in this metropolis is digraceful the frippery of gilding or painting. One without the trouble of toll-gates. To these to their government, which one would imag- is not likely to attend much to the service sources of revenue you must add the returns ine, from the number of soldiers quartered in such a building, amid such a catalogue of from Ireland for the coal, which costs the here, was upheld by stronger support than illustrious names as Pembroke, Sidney, Duke nothing but the price of digging and its popularity. Club law, bowever, is prob. Essex, Grafton, Derby, Northumberland, conveyance. ably a familiar code to the Irish. •Pat,' &c. On one side of the gallery is the Troon, and all the neighbouring coast, said a man of whom I was purchasing some throne of His Excellency, on the other that was once notorious for smuggling, or free. trifle, where have you been lately?' of the Bishop of Dublin. These, together trading, to the Isle of Man and Ireland ; bnt • Agh! I was just kilt fighting these three with the pulpit, reading desk, &c., are also the King's bull-dogs are now too numerous nights,' was the answer. I looked round at of carved oak. This evening we sail for in the channel for such gentry as Mycheer the respondent, a tall gaunt watchman. the Clyde. Farewell.
Dirk Hatteraick and his crew, to flourish This minion of the moon leaned on a rusty
much. And this puts me in mind of Dandie pike, whilst his array and countenance bore
Dinmont, who is said to be a character well strong witness in favor of his veracity; for
Glasgow, September 19. known in Glasgow; a sturdy grazier of there was hardly a piece of whole cloth as We went on board the vessel, which was Dumfriesshire, who visits St Mungo's city big as your hand, in the former, and scarce- to convey us to Scotland on Sunday eve- periodically, to trade in woo', attended by ly a vestige of hunanity, except a pair of ning, but the Captain being as drunk as a the Peppers and Mustards of such renown. shrewd Irish eyes, in the latter. He went lord, and having a few friends with bim in From Troon we proceeded to Kilmarnock on, with ineffable brogue, to detail the a similar situation, we were unable to get in a noddy, a vehicle with cast-iron wheels, fighting of those nights,' and, by his own off before midnight. The following day was somewhat resembling,—to compare small account, this trusty guardian of the peace thick and rainy, so that we could see little things with great,—the Czar's wintersledge
, had entered with great zeal into the vari- or nothing of the land. In the evening, which contained all manner of apparatus ous squabbles which he related, being, just as we came in sight of the Scottish hills, for dining, &c. We had neither tables, probably, by no means of the same mind with it began to clear, and soon became a beau- chairs, nor victuals, to be sure, but it was not that pattern of quiet watchmen, Master tiful moonlight, by favour of which we had for want of room. We were securely lock. Dogberry, touching the prudence of med- a fine view of Aylzie (Ailsa] rock, which ed up in this Brobdignagian diligence, and dling and making with any but true men. stands up directly in the middle of the Firth trundled away merrily. The jolting was
I sallied forth this morning before the of Clyde. It is nine hundred feet high, not excessive, but every pebble, that lay in servants in the house were stirring, though land almost as far to bottom around it. This the ruts, told, as springs did not enter into