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RUSSIAN LITERATURE.

This sug.

keep the meaning of the sentence incon- at the same time, be interesting to other same bookseller, met with like success, and veniently suspended, and sometimes even readers, by exemplifying the wisdom and is out of print. to the end of the second or third leaf of the observation of a people generally supposed If the work is a remarkable phenomenon volume. When in addition to these defects, to be barbarous.

in Russia, the venerable author himself is we take into consideration, that there are “ We repeat, the Turks are by no means no less so. M. Von Karamsin is a rare, and neither vowels, paragraphs, nor punctuation, so uncivilized as report declares them. in Russia the only, instance of a man who which in fact are seldom to be met with in Public instruction is encouraged by all the has become known and rich by his literary oriental languages, we may form a tolerable higher classes of society. Numbers of rich labours alone ;* who is indebted to them idea of the perspicuity of a Turkish manu- men in bequeathing legacies, usually devote and his moral character for universal esscript.

a portion to the erection of a Mudreseh, or teem; who, without holding any office, was “The penury of Turkish literature is, public school. Several of the Turkish em- distinguished at court, and honoured with doubtless, to be attributed to those causes. perors have followed the example. It is particular favour and regard by the EmpeNevertheless the language can boast of actually the case, whatever surprise the ror and the whole imperial "family. M. poets, for instance Roubihi and Meshiy ; of statement may occasion, that, at the pres- Von Karamsin, though he has suddenly romance-writers, amongst whom the aged ent moment, there exists at Constantino- risen into favour at court, has not become Tartare Barakeh may be mentioned ; and ple, a greater number of Colleges than at a courtier, but, faithful to the sciences, of a considerable number of historians, Paris.

continues to dedicate the greater part of geographers, and physicians.

“ In the penal laws of this people, there the day to serious study, and is never so “ But, even if the Turkish language does are certain provisions which are not to be happy as in the circle of his family, or in not present us with a variety of literary found in our own codes, but which would the society of chosen friends. productions worthy of attention, it ought have done honour to the wisdom of our legnot the less to be an object of study to the islators. Unfortunately, however, the in- HEAT PRODUCED BY THE COMPOUND BLOW. philologist, for it is the only diplomatic lan-stitutes are infected with the same fanatiguage made use of at most of the eastern cal spirit which attaches generally to the

The astonishing heat from the flame of courts. It is almost exclusively spoken at the followers of Mahomet, and more especially courts of the Viceroy of

Egypt, and the Shah to those Mahometans who belong to the oxy-hydrous gas, issuing from the compound of Persia; under the tents of the great Khāns Sunnite sect. This fanaticism will ever in 1802), is such that Mr Thomas Skidmore

blow pipe (originally invented by Dr Hare, of Tartary, and in the Seraglio of the Sul- prevent the present rulers of the Bospho-found, on projecting this flame against the fan ; and is certainly the maternal language rus from attaining to such a degree of civ- outside of a sinall linned iron cup, full of of these princes. In fact, over all the north- ilization, as is absolutely requisite to enable cold water, that the outside of the cup beern coast of Africa, and from Constantino- them to command respect in the great came red hot, and at length assumed a white ple to the western frontiers of China, there family of European nations.

heat, not only on its outside, but within, in is scarcely a spot where the Turkish idiom

contact with the water; and in an instant is not more or less understood. The im

afterwards the flame broke through the portance of such a language is undoubtedly The tenth and eleventh volumes of the side of the cup and entered the water, great, whether regarded in a commercial Russian national work, the “ History of the without being extinguished. or diplomatic view.

Russian Empire,” by Karamsin, have been gested to him the plunging of the jet pipe “ M. Jaubert, whose justly celebrated published. They contain the history of the and flame under water ; which, alter due name recals to our recollection the various government of the last descendant of Ru- precaution, was effected, and the flame services he has rendered to his country, has rik, the Tzar Fedor Joannowitsch; the continued to burn with undiminished enernow established a new claim upon the grat- election, government and melancholy end gy in actual contact with the water; which itude of his fellow-citizens, as well as upon of Boris Godunow; the period of the false latter, in a tumbler holding about half a that of all friends to literature, by publishing Dimitrii; the horrors of the Interregnum; pint, quickly became heated from 56° to. the grammar to which we are here request the hated dominion of the Poles, and their 1700 Farenheit. ing the attention of our readers. The scar- expulsion from the Russian territories. city and dearness of the small grammar, pub- This is an important and interesting period. lished at Constantinople by the Jesuit, Al. Independent of the scientific worth of the derman; the obscurity of Merinski's gram- work, it must have great influence on the mar; and the incorrectness of the oriental improvement of the language, as it is so

Some trials have been made by M. Deltype in that which was published by father universally read; and in this respect these rit on the heating power of coke and wood, Viguier, render the new publication of M. two last volumes seem to be superior to the when consumed in stoves. Two similar Jaubert very acceptable to orientalists. In- preceding. We find in them a number of stoves were heated, one by wood and the othstead of following the example of his pre- truly national expressions and terms which by coke, and the temperature of the exdecessors, by rendering his subject dificult had not before been adopted in writing, and terior taken at some distance from the fire. and complicated by a multiplicity of rules, which, being now incorporated into the The temperature of the flues was at first for the most part useless, this writer has en- higher style of composition, are an impor- 90 Centigrade, and the mean temperature deavoured to simplify the language he has tant philological addition. There has been at the end of six hours, was, by the wood, undertaken to teach, by laying its elements no book which has met with such general 13°, by the coke 16°; so that the increase before us with method and perspicuity. approbation in Russia. The first eight by the wood was 4o, by the coke 70. These He has distinguished with much address, a volumes appeared in 1817; and in about effects were produced by 73 kilogrammes variety of trifling anomalies, which other three weeks after their publication, it is

(163 pounds) of wood, worth three and a half grammarians had regarded as general rules said that the whole edition, consisting of francs; and 24 kilogrammes (53 pounds) of instead of exceptions. In short this learned three thousand copies, was sold. The eager- coke, worth one franc, 80 cents. During orientalist has employed the superior intel-ness with which all classes, even the less the progress of this experiment another ligence he has derived from long study and educated, hastened to procure the history stove had been heated for several hours extensive experience to preserve to the of their nation, was extremely interesting with wood, and the temperature had not Turkish idiom the character of simplicity and remarkable. Peasants, mechanics, dis- risen above 13o. The use of coke very which justly belongs to it.

banded soldiers, joined together to make quickly raised it to 15° or 16°. Hence it “The work is concluded by a collection up fifty rubles, which was its price. M. is concluded, and with reason, that coke is of proverbs, engraved in lithographic, by Soenin, a bookseller at St Petersburgh, 11. Bianchi, and which are both entertain- published a second edition of an equal num- Russia, towards the printing of which the Emperor

* It is generally assserted that the History of and instructive. These proverbs will ber, for which he paid the author a large contributed 60,000 rubles, has already yielded

exercises for the pupil ; and will, sum. The ninth volume, published by the 250,000 rubles to its author.

COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE OF COKE AND

WOOD AS FUEL.

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much preferable for these purposes to wood; Plantarum Americanarum Fasciculus for the whole collection, or for the works but where the stove is small the mixture of Primus, continens Plantas, quas olim Ca- of separate authors. a little wood with the coke is recommend rolus Plumierus, Botanicorum princeps de- The typographical execution will be uned to facilitate the combustion.

texit, eruitque, atque in Insulis Antillis ipse der the direction of Mr Jules Didot, Sc

depinxit. Has primum in lucem edidit, con- nior. The different works will be printed All publishers of books throughout the cinnis descriptionibus, Æneisque Tabulis after the best London editions ; and no era

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Botanices, Academiæ parison, in point of correctness, with the the names of all works of every kind, pre- Cæsareæ Naturæ Curiosorum Socius. In 1 originals. The publishers are enabled, paring for publication, in the press, or revol. fol. Price $5,25.

from the arrangements they have made, to cently published. As they will be inserted

A new Universal Dictionary of the Ma- speak with the fullest confidence on this in the Gazette, it is particularly desired

rine; being that the exact titles be stated at length.

copious Explanation of the head.

Technical Terms and Phrases usually em- The publishers respectfully suggest the ** The proprietors of Newspapers, for ployed in the Construction, Equipment, following considerations, as warranting their which this Gazette is exchanged, and of Machinery, Movements, and Military as hopes of liberal patronage in this arduous which the price is less than that of the well as Naval, Operations of Ships ; with undertaking. Gazette, are expected to pay the difference. such parts of Astronomy, and Navigation, It will put the admirers of English liter

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a Collection of English Literature, or can procure on quite as good terms as Edited by WASHINGTON IRVING, Esq., and portions, will, it is presumed, so divide the those of their respective publishers. now publishing by subscription, by A. & W. expense as to place the collection within

the reach of the most moderate means; Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. and H. C. Carey & I. LEA, Philadel- tached parts, will permit a selection to

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such persons as may not wish to subscribe This Collection will contain the best for the whole. ADVERTISEMENTS.

works of the most eminent English authors, CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO.

in every department of literature, com

mencing with Geoffrey Chaucer, and com- This superb collection will be printed on HAVE single copies of the following rare ing down to the present day.

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ems, Howard's (Henry, Earl of Surrey, rance, et du Bureau des Longitudes. In 2 Two volumes will be published monthly, Poems, Wyatt's (Sir Thomas) Poems ols. 4to. Elegantly bound in Calf. Price each containing about five hundred pages. 1 vol. 15,00.

Subscriptions will be received either Spenser's (Edm.) Poems, 2 vols

TERMS.

a

LIST OF AUTHORS INTENDED TO BE

PUBLISHED.

224

es.

More's (Sir Thomas, Lord Chancellor) Uto- | Paley's Moral Philosophy. 2 vols. mighty rivers and inland seas, which intersect on pia, Raleigh's (Sir Walter) political Junius' Letters. 2 vols.

country with a magnificence and grandeur une Works and Poems, Sidney's (Sir Philip) Fox's (Charles Jas.) select Speeches. 1. vol. known in any other region of the globe, gave eviMiscellanies and Poems. 1 vol. Pitt's (William) select Speeches. 1 yol.

dence that restless and destroying man had early

tracked the untilled soil with steps of blood, and Bacon, (Lord Chancellor), bis Novum Or- Ossian's Poems. 1 vol.

awakened the startled echoes of this new world, ganum, with his works in English, ex- Burn's poetical Works. 1 vol.

with the discord of his mad ambition. cepting his unfinished Works on Natural Sheridan's (R. B.) Works, including a se- . “ Villages and towns now rise on the site of those History, his treatises on Theology and lection of his Speeches. 3 vols.

forests which, forty-five years since, witnessed the Law. 3 vols. Erskine's (Lord Chancellor) select Speech- churches and seminaries for the instruction of

fierce encounters of two adverse armies; and Shakspeare's Works, vith the most ap1 vol.

future patriots and statesmen occupy the spot, proved Commentaries and Notes, 12 vols. Mitford's History of Greece. 7 vols. where the cruel savage immolated his unfortunate Johnson's (Ben) select Works. 1 vol.

Stewart's (Dugald) philosophical Works, captive, or performed the superstitious rites of his Beaumont and Fletcher's select Works. 2 3 vols.

untutored worship. The frowning wilderness has vols. Mackenzie's Novels. 2 vols.

become the scene of gaiety and splendor, where Hobbes on Government and Morals, Sid- Bloomfield's poetical Works, Wordsworth’s vagaries of fashion, and the luxurious refinements

the bloom and brightness of beauty, the enchanting ney's (Algernon) select Works. 1 vol.

poetical Works. 1 vol.

of wealth unite their witching influence; where Butler's (Samuel) poetical Works. 2 vols. Campbell's poetical Works, Roger's poet- the graceful dance, the ravishments of music, and Clarendon's (Lord) Works. 8 vols.

ical Works. 1 vol.

every varying pleasure which invention can devise, Milton's poetical Works. 2 vols. Crabbe's poeticai Works. 2 vols.

conspire to charm away the hours of the gay and Cowley's (Abr.) select Works, Prior's Southey's poetical Works. 3 vols.

idle throng, who annually resort to taste the far

famed waters of Saratoga. Nor can the foot of the (Mat.) select Works, Waller's select An auxiliary work, in six volumes, un- American press the soil, mingled, as it is, with the Works. 1 vol.

der the title of MISCELLANIES OF ENGLISH dust of the great and the brave, without a thrill of Taylor's (Jeremy) select Works. 2 vols. LITERATURE, will contain a series of rare, national pride, as he recalls the events of the year

Temple's (Sir Wm) select Works. 1 vol. choice, and curious productions, selected so glorious in the annals of his country, and which Dryden's poetical Works. 1 vol. from various English writers, ancient and of classic interest over the wild scenery of the

have shed a tinge of romantic, we had almost said Locke's complete Works, excepting his modern, whose general works may be ei- north.” See Vol. 1. pp. 134–5.

theological Works and Letters. 5 vols. ther of too early a date, or not of sufficient Otway's Works. 1 vol.

interest to warrant entire publication in Swift's historical, political, satirical, and the preceding collection; it will also fur

JUST PUBLISHED, poetical Works. 6 vols.

nish many individual and fugitive articles, BY CUMMINGS, Hilliard, & Co. The BosShaftesbury's (Earl) Characteristics. 2 vols. drawn from manuscripts, obsolete works, Addison's select Works. 4 vols.

and other sources, not within the reach

of ton Journal of Philosophy and the Arts, inBolingbroke's (Lord) political and histor- general readers. It will, of course, contended to exhibit a view of the Progress of ical Works. 3 vols.

tain many rich morsels and delicacies of Discovery in Natural Philosophy, MechanWatts' philosophical Works, and Poems. literature.

ics, Chemistry, Geology and Minerology, 1 vol.

Natural History, Comparative Anatomy and Young's Works. 2 vols.

Subscriptions will be received by the Physiology, Geography, Statistics, and the Pope's Works. 5 vols.

publishers in Philadelphia, and by Cum- Fine and Useful Arts. Conducted By John Gay's select Works. I vol.

mings, Hilliard, & Co., Boston ; E. Bliss & W. Webster, M. D., John Ware, M. D., Richardson's Novels. “ 10 vols.

E. White, New York ; E. J. Coale, Balti- and Mr Daniel Treadwell. No. VIII. SepMontague's (Lady Mary W.) Letters. 2 vols. more;

P. Thompson, Washington ; 'P. Cot-tember, 1824.
Chesterfield's (Earl of) Letters. 2 vols. tom, Richmond ; C. Bonsal, Norfolk ; W.
Warburton's select Works. 1 vol.

H. Berrett, Charleston ; J. R. Arthur, Co- ART. XV.-On Rock Formations, by Baron HumThomson's (James) Works. 1 vol.

lumbia ; W. T. Williams, Savannah; W. boldt. Fielding's Novels. 5 vols.

J. Hobby, Augusta ; W. M'Kean, Nero ART. XVI.— Transactions of the Royal Society of Chatham's (Earl of) Works. 1 vol. Orleans.

Edinburgh, Vol. X. Johnson's (Ďr Samuel) Works. 8 vols.

Specimens of the work may be seen

ART. XVII.--Notice of the Attempts to reach the

Sea by Mackenzie's River, &c. Hume's philosophical Works and History, at any of those places.

ART. XVIII.-Account of part of a Journey with its Continuations. 15 vols.

through the Himalaya Mountains, by Messrs Sterne's Works. 3 vols.

A. & P. Gerard. Akenside's poetical Works, Collins' poetic

LATELY PUBLISHED

ART. XIX.-Observations upon some of the Minal Works, Gray's poetical Works, Sav- BY Cummings, Milliard, & Co. and for erals discovered at Franklin, Sussex Co. New

Jersey sale at their Bookstore, No. 1. Cornhill, Art. XX. - Account of the Earthquake which acage's poetical Works. 1 vol. Armstrong's poetical Works, Beattie's po- Boston, “Saratoga, a Tale of the Revolu

curred in Sicily, by Prof. Ferrara. etical Works, Cotton's (Sir R.) poetical tion.” The portion of American History Art. XXI.--Remarks on Solar Light and Heat,

Works, Falconer's poetical Works. 1 vol. with which this Tale is interwoven is that by Baden Powell, M. A. &c.
Smollett's Works. 3 vols.

of the Northern Campaign of 1777, which ART. XXII.---Of Poisons, chemically, physiologico Robertson's Works. 8 vols. terminated in the surrender of General Art. XXIII.- Notice of some Parts of the Work

ally, and pathologically considered. Blackstone's Commentaries. 4 vols. Burgoyne's army to General Gates. The

of M. Charles Dupin, on the Navy and ComSmith's Wealth of Nations. 3 vols. following extract is a fair sample of the au- merce of Great Britain. Chapone’s Letters on the Mind, Gregory's thor's manner of writing, and will serve, it

Legacy to his Daughter, Pennington's is hoped, to bring into more general notice Advice to her Daughter. 1 vol. a work, which, in the popular style of ro- bridge.-American Geological Society: - Perkins

Comet of 1823.-Cabinet of Minerals at Cam: Goldsmith's Miscellaneous Works. 4 vols. mance, recapitulates a series of events Steam Engine.--Method of Cleaning Gold Trinkets Burke's select Works. 5 vols.

highly interesting to every citizen of the and of Preserving engraved Copper-Plates.--Height Cowper's Works. 1 vol. United States.

of Mount Rosa. - New Vesuvian Minerals. Seal Berkley's philosophical and political Works.

and Walrus.--Obituary. “That part of New York which in the year 1777 1 vol.

was the scene of contest between the two experiencBlair's Lectures on Rhetoric and Belles ed Generals, Burgoyne and Gates, exhibited at that Letters. 2 vols. period few marks of cultivation or improvement, ex.

CAMBRIDGE : Gibbon's Works. 12 vols. cept such as night be occasionally observed around

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, ne Lolme on the Constitution of England. ventured to invade the solitary wilderness. The

the log hut of some enterprizing settler, who had
rol.
remains of several forts also on the borders of those

HILLIARD AND METCALF.

CONTENTS.

GENERAL INTELLIGENCE.

BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

turer,

ness.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.—Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
VOL. I.
BOSTON, NOVEMBER 16, 1824.

No. 15.
REVIEWS.

er the sudden transition from the walls of this holy nothing but that experience, which they retirement, into the allurements of pleasure, which cannot have, is able to impress upon them

every Reminiscences of Charles Butler, Esq. f) into the world, is not likely to make him rush into the folly and criminality, and we are bound

Lincoln's Inn. With a Letter to a Lady the opposite extreme of indulgence and dis-ipa- by a regard for their true happiness, which on Ancient and Modern Music. From tion; whether the strict state of coercion, in which is but another name for virtue, to shield the fourth London edition. New York. these students were educated, did not tend to break them from the whips, which are hereafter

their spirit;-whether their imaginations were not to scourge them. 1824. 12mo.

The protecting power 351. pp.

too much subdued by the awful view of the eternal must at last be withdrawn, it is true; but it A Max, who has spent more than half a years thus incessantly presented to them ;-whethcentury in literary and forensic pursuits in er more of the world's morality ought not to be will be replaced by a regard to character, a metropolis, and that the metropolis of the taught to all, who are to live in the world,—in one and the thousand helps, without which vir

word, whether the general effect of the system was tue would so osten faint. We say nothing of British empire, must be a very dull one, if not calculated to produce a feebleness of mind and religious principle, which rarely takes root his reminiscences are not interesting. We soul, that would shrink from contention, and give at any other season than the spring time of took up this work, therefore, with the reas- the palm to the less religious, but bolder adven life. We wish that, in one other particular, onable expectation of deriving much en

some of our universities resembled more tertainment; and the rather as wc per- “ Vincentem strepitus, et natum rebus agendis."

nearly that of Douay-we mean in cheapceived by the title-page that it had passed

* But,—what is the end of our being asked a “ The instruction,” says Mr Butler, throngh four editions in England. We have priest, to whom, for the sake of obtaining his an. “ the dress, the board, the pocket-money, not been disappointed. It has afforded us swer, the Reminiscent retailed these objections; the ornamental accomplishments of music, an agreeable, and what is important to such Is it, what is usually termed, to succeed in life? gormandizers of new books, as we of the to deserve the praise of elegance ? to obtain re- dancing, and fencing, every thing except periodical pen are apt to become, a long done better than by protracting innocence as long yearly sum of £30.".

nown? Is it not to save one's soul? Can this be physic, [!] was defrayed by the moderate intellectual repast. The author of this as possible? What can compensate its early loss? In the mean time there was no danger of work is known to theologians by his Horæ -You say that all this purity will shrink at the Biblicæ, an account of the New Testa- first touch of the world. Be it so; but the victim any loss of the national feelings of the Engment, its various readings and literary his- will then only be in the situation in which he lish boys, since the salutary and incontrotory; to lawyers, by his Juridical Essays, if he had been educated in a dissipated school day, beat two Frenchmen, was as firınly

would, in all probability, have been much sooner, vertible truth that one Englishman can, any but more especially by his valuable contin- Besides,- is it certain that this will be the case ? believed, and as ably demonstrated at uation of Hargrave's edition of Coke on Lit. Does experience show that the habits of years are Douay and St Omers, as it could be at Eton tleton; and to politicians, by his exertions so soon overrome ? -Admit however that it unfor

or Winchester.” and writings in favour of Catholic emanci- tunately happens,—who is most likely to experi

ence salutary compunction and, when sober Among the Reminiscences of Classical pation. The temper of the man may be years

, the retour de l'âge, as the French describe Studies and English Literature we find learned from the concluding observation of ibis period of life, shall come on, who is most like some interesting materials for the history his preface.

ly to return to religion and regularity,--he, whose of mind. “ It was not till the subtle thief to reflect that none of his writings contain a sin whose youth devotion was unknown. You say: the Reminiscent was really sensible of the It is a great satisfaction to him (the Reminiscent) youthful years were strict and pious or her to of youth' had stolen all his early years, that gle line of personal hostility to any one.

that submis

sive habits disqualify for active life : but don't they wonders and charms with which the pages The reminiscences of the first chapter re- teach obedience, teach modesty, teach duty ? of the bard of Avon abound.” Again,late to education at the foreign Roman Now, what is the rank, what the pursuit, for which “ Age, he believes, makes us fastidious in Catholic universities, in one of which, that these do not eminently qualify?

poetry, and feel much more than we do in of Douay, in France, the author received We confess a great leaning to the opin- youth the truth of the well known observahis own. He is, of course, a Romanist. ions of the good ecclesiastic. We believe tion of Horace, The subject of education is one of such gene that the error of modern systems is de

Mediocribus esse poetis, ral interest in our time and country, that we cidedly on the other hand; that youth is Non Di, non homines, non concessére Columnæ." venture, at the very threshold of our analy- left, in too many particulars, to the blind There never was, all records show it, sis, on an extract of some length.

guidance of its own feeble judgment and Of gods and men, a middling poet. Every care was taken (at Douay) to form the in- limited experience, and that the inadequate We are not yet old enough to decide finalfant mind to religion and virtue: the boys were mean of persuasion is frequently employed ly on the justice of the author's opinions, as secluded from the world; every thing that could to attract the twig towards the right direc- expressed here and elsewhere, but we believe inflame their imagination or passions was kept at a tion, instead of the force which is able to them to be well-founded. Poetry may dedistance; piety, somewhat of the ascetic nature, was inculcated; and the hopes and fears, which bend and confine it there. Youth is about rive a short-lived popularity from brilliant Christianity presents, were incessantly held in their as ready to take the benefit of the experi- imagery or harmonious versification ; but its view. No classic author was put into their hands, ence of others as a child is to take physic, descriptions and images, to be permanent, from which every passage, describing scenes of and we should have as little hesitation must be founded on truth and nature. But love or gallantry, or tending, even in the remotest about forcing down the unpalatable dose in time, experience, and observation are nedegree, to inspire them, had not been obliterated. How this was done inay be seen by any person,

one instance, as the other. We shall not cessary to enable us to appreciate the fideliwho will inspect father Juvençi's excellent editions attempt to enlarge upon this subject, though ty of description and exactness of similiof Horace or Juvenal. Few works of English the temptation be strong within us, but only tude ; and much must be known of the Writers were permitted to be read; none, which mention one argument, which seems to us world and of human nature before the exhad not been similarly expurgated. The conse to have some weight in favour of striet quisite delineations of Shakspeare can be quence was, that a foreign college was the abode of innocence, learning, and piety.

precautionary discipline and inspection properly understood. It requires years of It has been questioned, whether this system of By these the young may be prevented from the lives of common mortals to imbue the education is perfectly free from objection ;-wheth- committing many bad actions, of which I mind with a knowledge of those lights and

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shades which diversify character, which ber of avocats, attornies, and officers of justice, perhaps ever will, though any reasonable “ the eye in a fine frenzy rolling,” conveys whom it would ruin:

compassion for them made hope of piercing through “the cloak of

the to it at once, as it glances over them.

pen fall from my hand. The length and pum- darkness is by this time well nigh extinct.

ber of lawsuits confer on the gentlemen of the We are not prepared to grant to our long robe their wealth and authority; one must Mr Butler offers this hypothesis,--that Lord author that the works of Gray are much therefore continue to permit their infant growth and George Sackville was Junius, and Sir Philip more generally known by heart, than those everlasting endurance.'

Francis his coadjutor and amanuensis ; of Goldsmith, though we might admit his The difficulty of framing legal instru- against this, however, we have the asserinference that the muse of the former was ments so as to provide for all the possible tion of Junius, that "he was the sole deof the higher order.

contingencies in the case is well exemplifi- positary of his own secret,” but we have no From the Reminiscences of Jurispru- ed in the following instance.

warrant that Junius always spoke the dence we learn that judicial offices in A gentleman, upon whose will the Reminiscent truth. The author thinks that the possessFrance, before the revolution, were always was consulted, had six estates of unequal value, or of the two vellum volumes was not unvenal and hereditary. When the king and wished to settle one on each of his sons and known to Mr George Grenville. erected a new court, he also specified the his male issue, with successive limitations over to

From the Reminiscences of eminent judisum which should be paid for each office the other sons

and their respective male issue, in cial characters

we intended to make an ex

; by the successful petitioner, in whose fami- provision, that, in the event of the death and fail tract, but are unable to select, where all are lý it became perpetual

, and whose heirs ure of issue male of any of the sons, the estate de- so interesting. We shall content ourselves might sell it, with the consent of the govern- vised to him, should shift from him and his issue with a note of the author, which contains ment, the purchaser paying a certain sum male

to the next taker and his issue male, and fail

. some encouragement for novel readers. into the royal treasury. The petitioners, ing these, to the persons claiming under the other however, were obliged to be in general of taker's estate, should then shift in like manner to like many other disti limitations; with a further proviso, that such next It is known that his lordship (Lord Camden),

ished personages, was a respectability, and, in some districts, noble; the taker next after him, and the persons claiming great reader of novels; and surely the hour of rethey also possessed fortunes, which placed under the other limitations. It was considered, at laxation is as well employed in reading Tom Jones, them above want; and were further oblig- first

, that this might be affected by one proviso; or Clarissa, or any of the novels attributed to Sir ed to undergo a pretty severe examination. then, by two; and then by six; but upon a full in- Walter Scott, as in the perusal of the productions It was customary for the suitors in court, vestigation, it was found that it required as many of party pens.

provisos as there can be combinations of the numor their friends, to make regular presents ber 6 ;-Now,

At a house of great distinction, ten gentlemen of

taste were desired to frame, each of them, a list of to the judges; as well as to solicit them

1X 2 X 3 X 4 X 5 X 6= 720.

the ten most entertaining works which they had personally. Mr Butler tells us that the Consequently, to give complete effect to the inten. read. One work only found its way into every opinions of learned and wise men have been tion of the testator, 720 provisos were necessary. list

. - It may amuse the reader to guess it.-- He will divided on the expediency of the heirsbip and venality of the judicial offices, and is been framed so as to effect the intention of opinion, the Conjuration contre Vénise of the In another instance, a deed, if it had not be surprised to find it was-Gil Blas.

If the Reminiscent may be allowed to give his of opinion that the presents and solicita- the maker, would have required the estate Albé de St Réal, is the most interesting of publitions were always harmless. The practice, in question to be subjected to as many pos

cations. however, will hardly be considered a safe sible mortgages as there can be combina- Mr Butler next treats of parliamentary one in these degenerate days, when every tions of the number 10, and as each of these eloquence, with descriptions of the manner theory of government seems to involve the mortgages must have paid a stamp duty of of several eminent orators, particularly Lord proverbial notion, that no honesty is the £25, the stamps alone would have amount Chatham, and the effect produced by their worse for being watched.

ed to ninety millions, seven hundred and speeches. Nothing can exemplify better the The difference between England and twenty thousand pounds. It is hardly ne- power of eloquence, than the despotic authorFrance in the number of their courts of cessary to mention that the execution of ity exercised by this personage over the justice is very remarkable. this deed was declined.

house of Commons; he could silence opposi With the exception of a few local jurisdictions, An anecdote respecting the Jesuits' col- tion and paralyze debate by the thunders of the judicial establishments in England are confined lege of Clermont is introduced, while the his voice and “ the lightnings of his eye.” to the chancellor, the vice-chancellor, the master writer is treating of the best method of That an assembly, constituted as that house of the rolls, twelve judges, six masters in chance regulating courses of study. ry, and some masters or officers resembling them

was, of some of the most eminent of the nain the other courts; in France there are at least The college, falling into decay, it was re-edified tion, should have submitted to such domina600 courts, and 5,600 judges :-in addition, each by Louis the Fourteenth, and received the appella- tion, excites our wonder and admiration. kingdom has its justices of peace ; in France, they tiena sio the Colece de Louise del GrandsHipon this. The reality of this astonishing power is amount to 27,000.

occasion, a poetical exercise alluding to it was re

quired from the students. The city of Nola had proved by a variety of anecdotes; one is of The following mot of Lord Thurlow on recently given them the Collegio del'Arco, and they Mr Wilkes, who was not remarkable either the subject of cross-examination was new were in possession of the Collège de la Flêche, in for modesty or timidity. He mentioned to to us, and perhaps will be so to many of our France. Alluding to these, a saucy boy wrote the the Reminiscent that on a certain occasion,

following verses, and the professor good humour when Mr Pitt rose and began to speak in readers.

edly assigned him the prize :When the affair of tbe necklace of the late queen

a solemn and austere manner,"

Arcum Nola dedit patribus, dedit alma Sagittam of France was in agitation, a person observed to Gallia,-quis FUNEM quam meruêre, dabit?" He thought the thunder was to fall upon him; Lord Thurlow, that the repeated examinations of the saucy boy was afterward

the Cardinal de Po and he declared that he never, while he was.lt lignac.

greater callTrue,' said his lordship, “but Buller, Garrow, and

ed up to be chastised, than he did while the uucera Middlesex jury, would, if such a matter had been of which, we offer, as we did above, an im- tainty lasted ; or felt greater jubilation when he brought before them, have made it all, in half an perfect imitation, after the manner of the was pardoned, than when he found the bolt was hour, as clear as day-light.'

good baron of Bradwardine, who usually destined for another head, If the anecdote here given of the Chan- favoured his friends with translations of his Another is still more striking. Mr Pitt cellor d'Aguesseau be correct, the gentle- Latin quotations, not very much exceeding had been speaking at Murray, afterwards men of the bar should hold his memory in our own in point of literary execution. Lord Mansfield, high respect.

Nola gave the good fathers a bow,

After Murray had suffered for some time, Pitt The duke de Grammont asked the chancellor An arrow from France they inherit,

stopped, threw his eyes around, then fixing their d'Aguesseau, on some occasion, whether with his Where a friend's to be found I don't know

whole power on Murray, said, 'I must now address experience of chicanery in legal processes, and of To give them the string which they merit. a few words to Mr Solicitor ;-they shall be few,their length, he had never thought of some regulation, which would put an end to them?--I had voted to the inquiry respecting Junius; •Judge Felix trembles !' exclaimed Pitt, in a love

About thirty pages of this work are de- but shall be daggers ;' Murray was agitated ;-the

look was continued, -the agitation increased :gone so far,' replied the chancellor, “as to commit a plan of such a regulation to writing; but, after I thread-bare as this subject now is, it still of thunder," be shall bear me some other day. made some progress, I reflected on the great num. retains its power of exciting interest, and He sat down; Murray made no reply, and a lar

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