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tician, the Cardinal De Retz, “can I rely path that leads to truth in despite of the many latter from personal observation and per on the reports of writers who tell me of the hundreds that lead to error.

sonal feeling. A just history represents motives and measures of the cabinet, when But supposing both the man of fact and of events as they are, and men as they appear. I, who am one of the actors, scarcely know fiction to be virtuous and able writers in A skilful fiction, on the other hand, reprewhat is passing there myself?"—Without their peculiar departments, it may still be sents men as they are and events as they running over the inconsistencies and num- doubted whether the former makes a wider appear probable. Which then should proberless obliquities in modern history, obli- and more penetrating impression upon the duce the deepest effect upon the mind, quities which seem to have been multiplied public mind, than the latter. What history, upon the character of the reader? by the extended interest, and the share for instance, can be pretended to have had In the defence which we have set up for now taken by men in the conduct of public the same intellectual, moral, and political works of fancy, we may seem to have wanaffairs, and which have added the prejudices influence upon the character of a people, as dered somewhat from the original ground of party zeal to the other sources of histori- the poems of Homer. A very discerning of discussion, which was not a vindication cal infidelity, let us simply cast our eyes critic pronounces them “the bond which of any particular profession, but an exposiupon the chronicle of our mother country, held the Greek nation together.” Herodo. tion of the frequency of an undue estimaas compiled by her temperate and ablest tus informs us that“ the whole theogony of tion of the practical importance of our own historian. Without reverting to the hasty the Greeks may be referred to the composi- pursuits, to the exclusion of dissimilar ones. compilation of the early floating traditions tions of Homer and Hesiod.” The Greek And as an illustration of this we have enof the Saxon dynasties, look at the latest tragic drama, fashioned upon a similar ele- deavoured to show what argument could be period to which Hume has continued his vated standard, had an obvious effect of sus- offered in favour of pure fiction, as being work, and after having adopted the appar- taining that exalted tone of public feeling, a class of composition least defensible on ently dispassionate views of the philosophic for which that people were so remarkable; the score of utility. The man of fact, from historian, turn to Brodie's account of the and their comedies, from a very opposite the highest deductions of science, to the same period, and behold a new current of cause, held a more positive controul over humblest effort of mechanical ingenuity, carfacts as well as of inferences let in upon popular manners. The familiar anecdote ries with him immediate conviction of the you, that sweep away all your previous con- of Tyrtæus, the sentence pronounced upon usefulness of his labours. “Noman,” Voltaire clusions in an entirely opposite direction. Homer by Plato, the ordonnance of the has somewhere remarked, “ is so much reve. Even the gloomy characters of Richard III, Spartans prescribing the cultivation of a renced by the world as the professor of an and of Cromwell, find their advocates in certain class of poetry, all show the im- obscure and difficult science, whose results this benevolent age, and two eminent Eng- mense weight attributed to this species of are applicable to the common purposes of lish writers have endeavoured to wash them composition among the enlightened Greeks. life.” An enlightened mind, however, as white as those of most sovereigns. But to descend to our own times, it may be should penetrate deeper. The positive in

But why should we go to Europe for ex. difficult to point to any one, or two, or any fluence of speculative pursuits on man, alamples in point, when they are so rise in dozen regular histories that have produced though less rapid in its operation than that our own country, nay, at our own doors. a stronger pulsation of public feeling than of practical pursuits, is not less certain. Notwithstanding the many circumstantial the Waverley Romances. Exhibiting in the The physical enginery of the latter (if we narrations of the first and most important broad light, which they do, all distinguishing may so express ourselves) furnishes the battle of our revolution, the name of the features of national character, all the local necessaries, the comforts, the luxuries of veteran who virtually commanded in it, 'for and hereditary attachments, the prejudices life. The moral enginery of the former he absolutely controlled the point of dan- transmitted from their ancestors, and made works only upon the heart and the underger, and with his own troops sustained the dear by such a descent, all the beautiful standing. Inventions in mechanics, diswhole weight of the attack, the name of fancies, the romantic superstitions, that coveries in philosophy, researches in histoPrescott has been hardly noticed, except have arisen out of the speculative temperry, supply the wants of human life, and in the incidental and scattering records of of the people and the wild complexion of store the mind with such knowledge as the few last years ;-Botta, in his celebrat- their scenery, all the momentous objects for may direct it in the conduct of human afed history of our war, has copied the same which they have contended, and the princi- fairs. The productions of elegant art, the injustice, and our national painter, deceiv- ples which have animated them in the con- speculative creations of genius, of whatever ed by history, has assigned the commander test, in short, all those habits of thought, kind, present beautiful and lofty subjects of in the redoubt the station and the appear- of feeling, of adventure, which have set contemplation to the mind, that give a rel. ance of a common private. “Oh, quote me them apart from all others and made them a ish to life, or rather that raise us above lise. not history," said Lord Orford to his son nation, -had histories similar to these by the" Because the acts or events of true histoHorace, " for that I know to be false.” author of Waverley appeared at an earlier ry,” says Lord Bacon with that nice dis

But, says the man of fact, after all this period, before the Scottish people had been crimination which distinguishes him equally stringing together of insulated instances of cemented by so many other associations, on subjects of taste as in philosophy,“ have misapprehension or mendacity, there will they might have formed a bond of union as not that magnitude which satisfieth the still remain behind a large mass of valua- coercive and as lasting as the fictions of mind of man, poesy feigneth acts and ble and incontestible truths. And how far Homer. And should a novelist of equal events greater and more heroical; because superior, of how much greater moment to powers arise in our own country, youthful true history propoundeth the successes and mankind, is the historian, who from uncol- and plastic from its youth, as its national issues of actions not so agreeable to the oured facts draws sane and philosophic character now is, and altogether unexer- merits of virtue and vice, therefore poesy deductions, to the writer of fiction, who cised by such an impulse, it might not be feigns them more just in retribution, and spins out of his invention an ideal state of easy to predict what would be his influence more according to revealed Providence: things that in conduct either leads to noth- in binding together the scattered energies, so as it appeareth, poesy serveth to magnaing or leads to error?

the conflicting sentiments of the people, nimity, to morality, and to delectation. It is true, bad works of every description and animating them with a central princi- And therefore it was ever thought to have are to be deprecated; but whether an ill. ple of feeling and action.

some participation of divineness, because it written novel or poem is as prejudicial to so- We have but one word more to say of doth raise and erect the mind, by submitciety as an ill-written history, may admit those peculiarities in which history must ting the shows of things to the desires of of a doubt. What we know to be false, yield to fiction. The former depicts men the mind; whereas reason doth buckle and can never have the same unwbolesome in- as they play their part in public life, that bow the mind unto the nature of things." fluence upon our conduct, as what we re- is, en masque ; the latter, as they are dis- Even inferior productions of imagination; ceive as true, but which, in reality, is false. closed in the unsuspicious intercourse of by presenting a means of innocent recreaThen how difficult for the historian, with private and domestic life. The former tion, wean the mind of the indolent and the all his honest intentions, to detect the one I copies from hearsay or written report, the vicious from grosser pleasures, and shed a

3 NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW

grace over the rudeness of society. Who, have leisure and means to do what they

And far in heaven, the while, then shall doubt their utility ? Or what will, and good taste enough to love what is The sun, that sends that gale to wander here, virtuous intellectual exercise is there, beautiful. The contrast, rather the com- Pours out on the fair earth his quiet smile, which is to be despised as unprofitable? parison, instituted between the two great

The sweetest of the year. “ Philosophy,” says an eminent writer, epic poets of Italy, pleased us perhaps more Where now the solemn shade, «teaches us to regard all human pursuits than any other part of this article. The Verdure and gloom where many branches meet; as equally vain.” Philosophy, say we, merits of each are allowed him; and the So grateful, when the noon of summer made should rather teach us to regard them as faults of each are fairly stated; and this the

The vallies sick with heat ? almost equally profitable. author has done as only he could have

Let in through all the trees done, who had studied them for himself, and Come the strange rays; the forest depths are bright; learned to appreciate and enjoy their ex- Their sunny-coloured foliage, in the breeze,

cellence. There are translations of parts Twinkles, like beams of light. The first article in the XLV. number of Pulci's Morgante, of Ariosto’s Satires, is a review of General Sumner's letter to and of the Ricciardetto of Fortiguerra, Where bickering through the shrubs its waters run,

The rivulet, late unseen, President Adams, respecting the Militia which, we suppose, should be accredited to Shines with the image of its golden screen, System, with his answer; and of Captain the writer of the article. They are, espe- And glimmerings of the sun. Partridge's observations upon the same sub- cially the last, so very good, that we can. ject. The writer recommends that the na- not help hinting to the writer, that he may Lover to listening maid might breathe his flame,

But, 'neath yon crimson tree, tional government should arm the militia perhaps employ a part of his leisure pleas- Nor mark, within its roseate canopy, at the expense of the nation; that Scott's antly and profitably in preparing for the Her blush of maiden shame. system of discipline, now used by the Unit- public translations of larger portions of ed States army, should be adapted to the Italian literature. The dramatic poetry of

Oh, Autumn! why so soon militia ; and that some kind of classification Italy did not fall within the scope of this Depart the hues that make thy forests glad ; should be adopted, by which the severer writer's plan ; and he alludes to Alfieri's Thy gentle wind and thy fair sunny noon, labour and greater expense of time should writings slightly and seldom. This we refall upon the younger class. He states with gret, for if there be one European author

Ah, 'twere a lot too blest force and accuracy the reasons which make of modern days, who must be read with ad- Forever in thy coloured shades to stray; those plans of occasional encampment of miration by every American, acquainted

Amidst the kisses of the soft southwest

To rove and dream for aye; bodies of militia, which have often been with his language, it is Alfieri. His high and probably often will be urged upon the respect for the institutions of our native And leave the vain low strife general and state governments, impolitic land is well known; and no one can read That makes men mad—the lug for wealth and and inexpedient. We understand that the his tragedies—especially the best of them. The passions and the cares

that wither life, writer of this article is an officer in the without acknowledging how truly and deep

And waste its little hour.

B. regular army of the United States; and it ly they sympathize with what should be the is gratifying to see a professional soldier habitual and ruling feelings of a citizen of

NARANT. speaking with so much candour and good this country. There are mistakes of the sense of an instrument of warfare which press in the French and Italian quota- Who ridest in the raging of the deep

Nahant, majestic Queen of promontories; his brethren are rather too apt to despise. tions, which disfigure the pages quite too Like a sea-monster; by what potent hand He has however fallen into one error, un- much.

Were thy unyielding crags deep-morticed less we be greatly mistaken. He sup- The fourth article, upon Agriculture, is in sockets caverned to the inmost earth. poses the religious sects, now exempted by sensible and very well written. But there what strife of chaos or what shock of worlds, law from militia duty, would not complain should be in this work, or elsewhere, a Sea-born, pressed upward thy amphibious bulk, were they taxed with the fine for the non. fuller exposition of the errors of the econ- Ages and ages ere man looked on thee,

Through the burst marble of the ocean's floor. performance of this duty: We think, that omists, which, as the writer of this article Have thy rude battlements rung to the wreck no one at all acquainted with the princi- states, Adam Smith did certainly adopt. Of continents of ice. Impregnable, ples and habits of these sects can doubt

We have not room to speak more partic- Thou seem'st to stand a footstool for the weight that they would complain, and that the fine ularly of other articles. If some of the of that gigantic angel whom the world could only be collected by legal distress. lighter publications of the day had been I look upon the violent strife of waters,

Cannot uphold alone. From thine oft shocked verge A very large sum is annually levied by dis- noticed, the number would certainly, be As thundering they dash on thee, and split tress upon the Quakers, in England, for more amusing,—though perhaps less in. And fly to atoms at thy touch, silvering nonpayment of tythes and nonperformance structive.

Thy Atlantean shoulders with their spoil

. of military duty.

I love to look at thee by pale moonlight, The third article is upon the Life and

When the dun Ocean, wearied out with rage,

Submissive, lays his head upon thy lap, Genius of Goethe. It is well written and

POETRY.

And slumbers, while his rustling silver curls interesting; and discovers an extent and

Fringe with their shining ringlets thy dark feet. intimacy of acquaintance with the litera

But when the awakened waters shudder ture of Germany which is highly credita

In their dismaying sense of coming storms, ble to the writer. We have no doubt that

Ere, in the northern gale,

Then is thy greatest glory. Then amidst he speaks not only scholarly but wisely ; The summer tresses of the trees are gone, The scorching lightning and the thunders' din,

The howl of frenzied elements, the sigh but are not sufficiently well versed in the The woods of Autumn, all around our vale,

Have put their glory on.

Of apprehensive and alarmed nature, mysteries of the German tongue, to vouch

Thou standest like to one that trusts in God! for the accuracy of his criticisms.

The mountains that infold

How noble is the Ocean in his wrath? The fifth article is a learned and beauti- In their wide sweep, the coloured landscape round, Swoln with the lashes of tempestuous winds, fully written essay upon Italian Narrative Seem groups of giant kings in purple and gold, Headlong the green surge rushes upon thee;

That guard the enchanted ground. And upward pouring with a thorough search Poetry. It is very long,occupying indeed fif

Fills every hollow-till the massy bulk ty-three pages; but we believe no readers

I roam the woods that crown

Of the black wave, rising and threatening stands, will think it too long ;-they certainly will The upland, where the mingled splendours glow,

And then with one o'erwhelming, bursting stroke, not, who hold that the intellectof this country where the gay company of trees look down

Grinds the drenched granite in its giant arms ! is nowise deficient in strength, and rejoice On the green fields below.

Thy strong rocks tremble, and the glittering spray at every new proof, that it will, ere long,

Darts upward like the gleams of northern morn, My steps are not alone

And spreads around a cloud of silver dust; receive due culture. We doubt not that In these bright walks; the sweet southwest, at play. Then suddenly the exhausted waters fall the ornament of clegant literature will be Flies, rustling, where the painted leaves are strown Relaxing from their gallant hold to drop sought and won by those amongst us who Along the winding way.

Into the bosom of their baffled host,

AUTUMN WOODS.

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Deep-founded"rock! thou curbstone of the sea, And there will pass a very few brief years lustre, transparency, hardness, &c. &c. To
If there is aught unchangeable, 'tis thou!
Ere all who people this fair land shall lie

these succeed the most perfect crystals, But with the march of time, Niagara

In the same grave which holds her earliest sons. Has moved, and what was once her home hears now The oak shall grow upon the well ploughed

glebe- and Haüy, the modifications of these forins,

illustrating the primary forms of Werner, Her voice from far; and thou too must depart; The wild vine leap upon the nectarine's trunk, But the great day that tears thee from thy bold And strangle it with a too close embrace and the effect of truncations, bevelments

, Will leave a chasm whence must soon come forth The thistle shall o'errun the beautiful mead- &c.-A suite of models of crystals, in wood, Nature's last groan ! 0. W. The bison feed upon the cities' site

terminates this first division of the cabinet The adder coil him in the lady's bower

The second division is the Systematic Ar-
And hiss upon the mastodon, as he
Spirits of Air !
Comes from his exile of a thousand years.

rangement of the different substances ac-
Who woke that heavenly strain And these shall be because such things have been, cording to their chemical composition; this
Warm with seraphic fire ;
For nature is immutable and keeps

method has been adopted as it is intended
Spirits of Air! O sweep again
No changeful course.

J. to combine the instruction in chemistry Your viewless lyre.

with mineralogy Song of the Spirits.

The third division comprises the Geolog

FROM THE ITALIAN OF TASSO. We are borne along on the passing gale,

ical part of the collection; in this the rocks That softly is fanning our silken sail,

There blooms no floweret of the plain, are arranged in the relative order in which On its trembling wings as we float along;

Whose petals boast so fair a stain, Mortal! list to the Spirits' song.

As thy sweet lips, my love !

they are presented to us by nature; and in Nor does the zephyr whispering nigh,

connexion with each are seen the minerals From the distant land where the happy dwell,

Nor all the woodland melody,

composing the rock, and those which are Where whispering lovers their fond vows tell,

The murmur of the bubbling spring, more or less accidentally present in it, toWhere no sigh is heard save the sigh of love, Such transport o'er my spirit fling,

gether with the metallic ores and fossil reBreathed by the Spirits who hither rove :

As thy sweet song, my love!

mains.

May nought disturb its melody, From the land where the jessamine ever

Save the soft kiss and gentle sigh

The fourth division is Geographical, comblooms,

Of thee-and me, my love.

G. mencing with the mineral productions of And the Camalate* breathes its sweet per

the United States, arranged according to fumes,

the States. Where light by day and by night there is none,

INTELLIGENCE.

The last division is intended to embrace Save the light that beams from beauty's throne:

all the products of the Mineral kingdom Where Spring and Summer forever reign,

CABINET OF MINERALS AT CAMBRIDGE. employed in the Arts and Manufactures, in And the fairest flowrets bedeck the plain, The liberality of several gentlemen of their natural state, and in the different staWhere blasts of the death-wind never blow, Boston, and their desire to promote the ges of preparation. This department is one And the golden waters forever flow.

study of Mineralogy and Geology in this of peculiar interest and importance in this Mortal! we've come on the zephyr's wings,

vicinity, have lately been displayed in the country, and can only be rendered comAnd have waked our wild harps inurmurings, purchase of an extensive and valuable col-plete by the liberality of artists and manOur journey of love to thee to tell ; lection of minerals, which they have pre- ufacturers, who, it is hoped, will not be Mortal! 'tis told-farewell-farewell. sented to the University at Cambridge. backward to transmit to the University such

G.

This collection is now added to that pre- specimens as will best illustrate the differ* The flower by which the heaven of Indra is sented by Andrew Ritchie, Esq. and to- ent stages of all the processes connected perfumed.

gether with the specimens formerly trans- with each substance. Thus, here will be mitted by the French Government, and the seen the different ores, as when first taken

late Dr Lettsom, with the additions made from the earth, and the same in all the de LINES FROM A TRAVELLER'S PORT FOLIO.

by Dr Waterhouse, will constitute one of grees of purification, &c.—the clays in all I stood upon the lofty Alleghany.

the most complete and valuable mineralog- the stages of manufacture the substances It was a summer morning-the bright sun Shone o'er the mountain tops on the fair vales, ical cabinets in the United States.

used in colouring, in the manufacture of Which lay stretched out beneath his gladdening

The collection embraces (with the ex-glass, &c. &c. beam.

ception of a very few of the rarest sub- Mineralogists throughout the country, it Calm, peaceful vales, such as the aged love stances) all the late discoveries, and many is hoped, will avail themselves of the per: To test their wearied limbs upon when life of those specimens, the localities of which mission granted by the Corporation of the Draws near its close--such as young lovers seek. And there I stood upon that mountain's brow,

are exhausted, and many of which are now University, to exchange duplicate speciAnd looked upon the morning ;-far away

rarely met with even in the large collec- mens.- Boston Journal of Philosophy, dc. On either hand, and where the Ohio glides tions of Europe. The suite of Ores is peSerenely to the bed of other waters, culiarly rich, as is likewise the volcanic

NEW FRENCH NOVEL. Lay fields of brightly shining summer grain,

department; and the gems and precious A companion to Ourika, called Gunima, Where lusty arms plied nimble reaping books,

stones are numerous. The specimens are from the pen of M. Hyppolite, has lately And bright-eyed virgins, as of olden time, Them followed, and the yellow sheaf upreared.

all well characterized, and the crystalliza- made its appearance at Paris. Gunima is And there were pastures fair beneath mine eye, tions are remarkably fine.

a young and handsome negress, whose heart And o'er them grazed innumerous herds and flocks, This collection is arranged in the spa- is wounded by the darts of love, and who The wealth of the strong man, who years ago cious room formerly used as Commons Hall, cherishes a profound and passionate attachBuilt his rude cabin by the beetling brow or these eternal mountains, and sat down,

being 454 feet in length, 364 feet wide, and ment to a youthful white. Like Ourika she And lopt the sycamore, and felled the oak, 173 feet high.

is subjected to many severe trials; but, unAnd had him sons and daughters born amidst

i'he specimens are placed in cases with like her, she ultimately triumphs. She The shouts and battle songs of savage tribes. glass doors, against the walls of the room, meets with a heart that answers to ber

And still I stood upon that mountain's brow, which, to the height of ten feet, are com- own, and from that grateful heart she ob-
And still it was the morning. O'er me past pletely covered by them; a large propor- tains a marked preference over a white fe-
A breath from out the deep and fearful glen,
Which lay beside me, fringed with meagre pines- tion of the most beautiful specimens are male, proud of her colour, and of the com
The shrubbery of the bleak mountain top.

arranged upon eight glazed tables, and the bined advantages of youth, beauty, and forWithin me was a voice which bade me look residue in nearly 200 drawers.

tune, by whom Gunima had long been treatUpon the ages which had passed away;

One of the tables is appropriated to the ed witń the highest disdain. The scene beUpon the time when those far-spreading vales EXTERNAL CHARACTERS of mineral sub-longs to the Cape of Good Hope, at the Were peopled by another rece of arti The builders of the proud sepulchral pile

stances, on wbich are disposed the most house of a rich Dutch merchant, who is And architects of works of use unknown.

distinctly characterized specimens, illustrat. accustomed to deliver up his slaves to the "Tis thus the potent finger of decay

ing all the technical terms of the science, dreadful samboe (a whip composed of strips Saps the foundation of all earthly things, the different varieties of colour, of fracture, 1 of the hide of the rhinoceros or the bed

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MOUNT ROSA THE HIGHEST IN EUROPE.

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Cow) of a brutal and ferocious driver. The fidently asserted as a matter of fact, but, | low as 40°. 2. Although the water exposson of this merchant, who has recently ar- which we confess we have been from the ed in this manner to the intense heat of rived from Europe, where he has imbibed beginning doubtful of, from what is already the furnace, remains permanently cold, yet, feelings and habits of humanity, which known of the nature and principles of beat if any crack or opening should take place cause him to see with indignation the cruel and of steam. Having read the paper, how- in the bottom of the boiler within which the treatment inflicted on the slaves, declares ever, we really see nothing advanced in it water is pressed with a force of at least himself protector of these unfortunate crea- which tends in the least to alter the opinions 400 lb. on the inch, yet no water will issue tures, especially of two young Hottentots, we had previously formed ; and those who at the opening. The reason assigned for brother and sister, Igamma and Gunima, expect in it any reasons to satisfy their cu-this, we are unable to comprehend, or to whom his father consents to give up to him. riosity or belief, will undoubtedly be dis. render intelligible. 3. It is proposed to We will not follow the young white, and his appointed. In place of that clear and "pump back the heat” into the boiler, after black female companion, in a perilous cx- philosophical exposition of causes and ef- it has done its office of impelling the piston in pedition against the lions, panthers, and el- tects, which such a subject demands, and the cylinder; to pump it back into the geneephants of the desert, and against the Bos- certainly admits of, if any real discovery rator, and to cause it in this way to act again jesmans, the most ferocious of all the sav- has been made, we are here presented with and again upon the piston ; so that, in this age nations of Southern Africa. We will such a mass of mere theories and assump- manner, the author, in the fervour of his leave to the curious reader the pleasure of lions, together with such fancisul paradoxes, imagination, thinks it but reasonable to exbecoming acquainted with the African and downright absurdities, as we believe pect, that an apparatus of this kind may be Hebe (the name she receives as a slave), have seldom been brought forward in the constructed, which, when once sufficiently whose regular features, inexpressible sweet. shape of philosophy. Instead of proceed- heated, will continue to move forever, and ness, settled melancholy (inspired by the ing with a plain statement of experiments, to drive machinery of itself, without any sense of her misfortunes, and her humilia- and of consequences deducible from them, farther consumption of fuel. On looking tion), ingenuous tenderness, intrepid cour- or advancing clearly and boldly forward into his description of this part of the apage arr'idst innumerable vicissitudes, adven- from principles already known, to some paratus, we find the plan consists merely in tures, and dangers, and absolute devotion great and striking conclusion, the author is heating the water of the generator by the to the man whom she loves, form a striking continually halting in his career, and be waste steam from the cylinder,-a plan contrast, and one infinitely to her advan- wilders hinself in a maze of obscure and which has been already frequently propostage, to the cold egotism, the asperity, and unintelligible speculation, ingeniously con- ed, and which is indeed practised to a certhe insensibility of the beautiful Constance, trived, one would think, to puzzle himself tain extent in every steam engine in the her haughty rival.

and his readers. He appears to entertain, kingdom.”
in some respects, very correct views on the The above statement is copied from the Ed.

nature of heat, and its expansivc force; but ! inbugh Philosophical Journal into the BosDr Brewster has published, in his new

he has taken up some strange notion re- ton Journal of Philosophy and the Arts. The Edinburgh Journal of Science," from the garding its power of compressing a confin- editors of the Boston Journal in republishMemoirs of the Royal Academy of Turin, ed liquid, such as the water in a generator, ing it, refer their readers to an account of a translation of an account of the first as- and of forcing or squeezing out of it, “ as Mr Perkins' Engine in a former number, cent of the southern summit of Mount Rosa, from a sponge," the heat which it contains. also copied from the Edinburgh, in which by MM. Zumstein and Vincent. Having This

, and several other notions of a similar Mr Perkins and bis invention are spoken determined, by means of the barometer,

kind, seem to have confused his whole ideas of in terms of high commendation. They that the elevation of the southern summit of the subject he attempts to explain ; so also remark, in justice to Mr Perkins, that which they had gained for the first time, that, though his remarks on other points " he is not to be considered answerable for was 13,920 Paris, or 14,83564 English feet are, in many respects, sensible and judi- all the absurdities which are published, in above the level of the sea, they ascertained, cious, yet on these topics he appears inca- various forms, in the accounts of his engine, by a trigonometrical measurement thence pable of reasoning with his accustomed ac- by people who are ready to admire whatmade, that the elevation of the highest curacy and vigour of judgment. We are ever they do not understand.” For a caresummit of the mountain was 1680 Paris feet often at a loss to know what he would ful and judicious examination of the prinabove it, or 15,600 (16,6264 English) above be at; and all his endeavours to prove ciples upon which the new discovery of Mr the level of the sea. Thus Mount Rosa is what he wishes to demonstrate, are vain. Perkins purports to be founded, and an ex

He occasionally proceeds so clearly and position of the fallacy of some points which in reality the highest in Europe ; the height of Mont Blanc, according to Prof. Tralles, methodically with his principles, that you he has assumed, we beg leave to refer to being only 14,793 Paris, or 15,7084 Eng.

are prepared for some important conse- an article in the same Journal, Vol. I. p. 294. lish feet.

quences; instead of which you are landed
in some ingenious paradox.-some palpable NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AŃD

inconsistency,—some result which turns out,
PERKINS' STEAM-ENGINE.

after all, mere assertion or assumption, or We noticed in one of our late numbers * The Bibliothèque Universelle for March not deducible from the premises; or, lastly, a change in the editorial department of this 1824, contains an elaborate paper on Mr some obvious truth, in which you are sur- work; the following notice of the plan on Perkins' Steam-Engine, by a friend of Mr prised the author can discover any thing which it will in future be conducted, acPerkins, which was carried to Geneva, and new or important.

companied the Journal for October. communicated to the editors, by Mr Church, Having only just received this paper, our “ The general plan and principles of the the Ainerican Consul, who had made a voy- limits do not permit us to enter more fully work will continue the same that they have age to London for the express purpose of into the particulars of it in the present hitherto been, and no exertions will be seeing Mr Perkins' apparatus. This paper number. We shall just state, therefore, in spared on the part of its conductors, to rencontains the most complete description of proof of what we have said, one or two, as der it worthy of a continuance of the libthe above engine which has yet appeared, a specimen of the propositions maintained eral patronage it has received. Each numand it presents, we believe, the first at- there. 1. It is said, that, in the generator, ber will in future contain, tempt to explain its operation on philosoph- or high-pressure boiler, the heat is great- “1. A department for original communiical principles. We have been anxious, est at thie top, and decrcases towards the cations, which will comprehend such papers therefore, more particularly on the latter bottom, against which the flame and heat as have been usually placed in the first ground, to examine it, having hitherto of the furnace are chiefly directed ; so that part of the numbers. It is desirable that looked in vain for any rational account of while the temperature of the upper part of this department should be made the deposiMr Perkins' plans, or of those advantages boiler is at 400°, that of the lower part tory for as much information as possible rearising from them which have been so con- next the fire may, in extreme cases, be so I Jating to the history and treatment of the

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SURGERY

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FOR OCTOBER.

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diseases of New England. Every section either of these subjects is entitled to the who contributed under the fictitious name of Peter of country has something in the features of premium of fifty dollars, or a gold medal of Feldmann, to his liberation from the Prisons of its diseases, and consequently something in the same value.

Olmutz. Translated from the French Manuscript. the treatment they require, peculiar to it

By J. & J. Harper-New York. self. Every physician also meets occa

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS sionally with a common disease under a

Elements of the Etiology and Philosophy form somewhat new, requiring, of course,

of Epidemics. In two Parts. By Joseph Mather

Smith, M. D. a modification of its treatment. Communications relating to these peculiarities, and By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.Boston. to these occasional modifications of disease, No. II., Vol. 2, of the Boston Journal of By H. C. Carey & I. LeaPhiladelphia. would be highly valuable and interesting; Philosophy and the Arts.

Tales of a Traveller. Part II. & III. By

Author of “The Sketch Institutes of Natural Philosophy, The Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. very much more so than the narration of any cases, however curious and extraordin- oretical and Practical. By William Enfield, Book," "" Bracebridge Hall," &c. LL. D. Fourth American edition, with improve.

Body and Soul ; consisting of a series of ary, since the general deductions which we

Lively and Pathetic Stories. make from our whole practice, are worthy

A Treatise on the Law of Partnership.

A Greek Grammar, principally abridged of much more confidence than those deriv- from that of Buttmann, for

the use of Schools. By Basil Montague, Esq. With Notes and Refered from any single cases. Essays of the

A Summary of the Law and Practice of ences to American Decisions, by a Member of the kind here alluded to, are particularly soli- Real Actions. "By Asahel Stearns, Professor of Philadelphia Bar. 2 vols. Royal 8vo. cited, whilst, at the same time, other com- Law in Harvard University.

Digest of American Reports. Which munications upon anatomical, physiological, Seventeen Discourses on Several Texts contains the Reports of Maryland, North Carolina, and practical subjects, and accounts of im- of Scripture; addressed to Christian Assemblies in Kentucky, Virginia, South Carolina, and Tennesportant

cases, will be extremely acceptable. Villages near Cambridge. To which are added, see. Vol. !II. By T. J. Wharton, Esq. “ 2. The second department will contain First American Edition ; with a Life of the Author. Six Morning. Exercises. By Robert Robinson.

Collection of Living Plays. 8 vols. 24mo.

An Address, delivered before the PhilaMiscellaneous Notices upon the various

delphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture, subjects connected with medicine, both ori

By Oliver Everett-Boston.

at its meeting, July 20, 1824. By Mauhey Carey, ginal and selected; including abstracts of

Esq. such cases as do not appear of sufficient to a Publication entitled “ Remarks on a Pamphlet

A Letter to John Lowell, Esq., in Reply importance to be detailed at length; intel- printed by the Professors and Tutors of Harvard

By E. LittellPhiladelphia. ligence with regard to new remedies; no- University, touching their Right to the exclusive Narrative ofa Pedestrian Journey through tices of operations in this city and else-Government of thai Seminary.” By Edward Ev. Russia and Siberian Tartary, from the Frontiers of where, &c. &c. erelt. Svo. pp. 102.

China to the Frozen Sea and Kamtchatka, pero “ 3. This will consist of Reviews of New

formed during the years 1820, '21, '22, and '23. By Publications, which are intended to be By Glazier & Co.-Hallowell, Me. Captain John Dundas Cochrane, R. N. principally analytical.

Elements of Arithmetic, translated from the Improvement and Preservation of the Sight;

The Economy of the Eyes; Precepts for “4. Selections from other Journals, ei- the French of M. Bezout, and adapted to the use Plain Rules, which will enable all to judge exactly ther foreign or American.

of American Schools. In this work the principles when, and what Spectacles are best calculated for * 5. Intelligence.

of arithmetic are developed with great clearness, their Eyes; Observations on Opera Glasses and “6. A List of New Medical Publications explained with a perspicuity, for which the fier

, for Double Stars and Day Telescopes. By, Wila according to the analytic method : and the opera Theatres, and an account of the Panerotic Magaitions, and of works proposed and in the author is unrivalled among Mathematicians. To liam Kitchiner, M. D. Author of The Cook's Orpress.

This list is intended to embrace the original text of Bezout some additions have acle," “The Art of Invigorating and Prolonging both domestic and foreign works, in order been made from the writings of Raynaud, La Life,” “ The Pleasure of Making a Will," &c. dc to give as complete a view as possible of the Grange, Lacroix, and others; and a Systematic Ar

The Museum of Foreign Literature and medical literature of the day, and to enable rangement of Rules, a method essential for prac Science, No. XXVII. for September 1824. the directors of libraries, and physicians tion to all applications of numbers which have

been addiwho are forming private collections, to se- been made by the latest writers on the subject, it

By John Young-Philadalphia. lect more easily the works they may wish contains an Illustration of the Method of forming

The Universal Writer, or Short Hand to import. Authors and publishers, who Powers and extracting Roots, and an Explanation Shortened ; being the most correct

, easy, speedy, wish to have their works inserted in this of the Theory of Logarithms, with their uses. The and legible Method ever yet discovered, ' whereby list, are earnestly requested to send the Nathaniel Haynes, A. B., Tutor in Mathematics at Minutes by any other System heretofore published

. whole interspersed with numerous Examples.. By more may be written in one Hour than in eight title, number of pages, &c. of their books, Gardiner Lyceum.

By Isaac Stetson, Professor of Stenography. to the editors, as soon as they issue from

By Dorr & HowlandWorcester, Mass.

By Mc Carty & Davis, and Carey & LeaThe Ladies' Companion. Containing,

Philadelphia. BOYLSTON MEDICAL PRIZE QUESTIONS. First, Politeness of Manners and Behaviour, from

The annual adjudication of the Premiums the French of Abbé de Bellegarde. Second, Fen- Shakspeare. 2 vols. 8vo. With five Plates, established by that distinguished benefac- eion on Education. Third, Miss More's Essays. tor of our University, Mr Boylston, took Married. Fifth, Moore's Fables for the Fenale Sex,

Fourth, Dean Swift's Letter to a Young Lady Newly By P. Potter-Poughkepsie, N. Y. place in August last. One of the medals carefully selected and Revised. By a Lady in the Potter's Compend. The Infantry Exeronly was awarded, and was given to Samuel County of Warcester, Mass.

cise of the United States' Army, Abridged, for the Cartwright, M. D. of Natchez, Mississippi,

use of the Militia of the United States. "Fifth Edifor a Dissertation upon the question“ How By Clark & Lyman-Middletown, Conn.

tion. To which is added Compliments by Troops

under Review, and the Form and Course of Inspeclong may the human body remain immers

Elegant Lessons; or the Young Lady's tion, Abridged from the General Regulations for the ed in water without extinction of life; and Preceptor. Being a series of Appropriate Reading Army. at what period after immersion will it be Exercises in Prose and Verse, carefully selected useless to employ restorative means ?" from the most approved Authors, for Female Schools

By James Thomas-Georgetown, D. C. The following are the subjects proposed and Academies. Including some Remarks upon

A Poem on the Restoration of Learning the Principles of Correct Reading, with a brief Disfor 1825.

sertation on Poetry as a Reading Exercise ; and in the East. Which obtained Mr Buchanan's 1. * To what extent has the Vaccine the different kinds and constructions of Poetic Feet. Prize. By Charles Grant, Esq. M. A. Disease been found to be a preventive of By Samuel Whiting, Esq. the Small Pox?"

By A. Picket, jr-Wheeling, Va. 2. “ On the History of the Autumnal By C. Wiley-New York.

B

Picket's Juvenile Spelling Book, or AnaFevers of New England ?"

Memoirs of Gilbert Motier La Fayette. lytical Pronouncer of the English Language, Newr 41 The author of the best Dissertation on By Gen. H. L. Villaume Ducourdray Holstein, 1 Edition, Inproved, now brought to a standard form.

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