Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

best map

[ocr errors]

work;

[ocr errors]

been so fortunate as to see a copy of Sir of the government. With this protection, and such country very little known, and there is no John Maundeville's travels, we have found recommendations as it might procure me, I would map of it annexed. We have traced the little that was very particularly incredible have accompanied the caravanes in some service ca route as well as we were able upon the in the extracts which we have met with if that miserable alternative were necessary to acpacity, to sell myself as a ,

that we could procure, and benow and then, in the course of our read- complish the object I had in view..*.* *

lieve we have succeeded in most instances ing. We rejoice at this change of things: My answer from the admiralty was unfavourable, at guessing within five hundred miles at the it is one among a multitude of reasons expressing an unwillingness to countenance the un- situation of the place mentioned; but it is which make us very well satisfied that our dertaking ; whether from tender regard to the safety not a little vexatious in reading a work of birth was deferred till the latter part of the of my person, or because they considered such an this nature, to look in vain for towns and eighteenth century.

expedition foreign to their department, or from what
other reason I shall leave the reader to conjecture.

stations and even rivers without number, The book which is now before us is I was not, however, the less convinced of the prac- the names of which seem to the author another proof of the zeal, with which that ticability of my plan; but finding that a young com- “ familiar in his mouth as household words" information, which can be gained only by mander like myself was not likely to be employed -many of them indeed we would rather travelling, is sought in the present day; afloat, I determined to undertake a journey, vary. should be familiar in any one's mouth than and though Capt. Cochrane failed in the ing only the object and the scene to that of the unfortunate Ledyard, viz. to travel round the globe, as

ours;—they look as if the attempt to proultimate objects of his expedition, yet we nearly as can be done by land, crossing from Nor. nounce them would save our tooth-drawer have good cause to congratulate our read thern Asia to America, at Behring's Streights ; I some labour. ers that he made the journey, and has pub- also determined to perform the journey on foot, for Capt. Cochrane very candidly states, in lished this account.

the best of all possible reasons, that my finances his preliminary remarks, Capt. Cochrane has prefixed to his book allowed of no other. I accordingly procured two

The account I am about to give of my travels years' leave of absence, and prepared to traverse a dedication to Lord Melville; and had we, the continents of Europe, Asia, and America. ***

can but little gratify the scientific reader. I conas is our wont, begun at the beginning, we My first and leading object was to trace the been ever so skillful could I, travelling on foot,

fess my ignorance of natural history, nor had I should have proceeded to read the narra- shores of the Polar Sea along. America, by land, as tive with strong prejudices against the Captain Parry is now attempting to do by sea; and mals

, plants, or minerals. I had no means of car

have brought away with me any specimens of aniauthor ;-a more debasing dedication we at the same tiine to note my observations on men have seldom seen. Our readers will scarce- and manners in the various situations and condi- rying with me such instruments as are necessary for ly believe, that Capt. Cochrane gravely fail of presenting many opportunities. Having, rally expected to be noted by travellers. The few tions of life ; for which such a journey could not making geographical observations of places, of the

state of the air, or such other matters as are genetel's Lord Melville, that he is permitted to therefore, procured such documents as were ne

'instruments hope that bis Lordship may derive a few cessary, and filled my knapsack with such articles will hereafter appear.

did possess were taken from me, as hours of amusement from the perusal of the as I considered requisite to enable me to wander

and that should this wish fortunate through the wilds, deserts, and forests of three quar- Though, however, this work does not ly be accomplished,” Capt. Cochrane “ will ters of the globe, I quitted London and landed

at abound with observations valuable

to scifrom the packet-boat. not consider his time to have been useless

ence, it is full of what is perhaps not less ly employed.” Ye Yankees, just look at

To attempt to give an analysis of this worthy of our attention, and what to a large this-a journey on foot, occupying three or journey would be equally vain and useless. inajority of readers will be more interesting, four years, and an octavo book of four hun- Suflice it to say, that our author travelled than calculations on the length of the pendred and fifteen pages-performed, written, chiefly on foot, through France, Germany, dulum, and on the magnetic variation. It and published, and the author's time not anu Prussia, to St Petersburg, where, be abounds with what we doubt not is a coruselessly employed, if the result of all this ing furnished with two writs, one patent rect delineation of the habits and mode of labour furnish a few hours' amusement to a and one close, from the Emperor of all the life of the savage tribes scattered over the Lord! But Lord Melville is First Lord Russias, permitting him to travel through vast plains of Siberia, and along the banks of the Admiralty, and John Dundas Coch- the empire on foot, and commanding all in of the rivers which run into the Frozen rane is a Captain of the Royal Navy, out authority to assist him as occasion might Ocean. The sum of our author's observa. of employment. Luckily we happened not require, he set off, and skirting the fron- tions is well expressed in his conclusion, to observe the dedication when we first tiers of China, made his way to the mouth which we extract with pleasure. opened the book; and we enjoyed undi- of the river Kolyma, on the borders of the

I feel convinced that compassion is the leading There he found Baron characteristic of what are termed barbarians, and

Frozen Ocean. minished pleasure in its perusal. Next to the dedication comes a well-written pre

Wrangel preparing for his expedition to that man, in a state of nature, will freely give to face, in which the author shows much more ascertain the north-east point of Asia. Be- the distressed that bread which he would not sell manliness and independence while address ing a foreigner, Capt. Cochrane was not for money. I am confident that man is really hu

mane, ing the public, than he displayed while permitted to join this expedition; and at- good heart, than from ostentation. I have

received crouching before his patron.

tempted next to cross the country of food from a family who were almost in a starving Capt. Cochrane’s zeal for travelling, and. Tchuktchi, and pass over Behring's Strait state, and am, therefore, justified by grateful expe? bis object in the journey which he made, into America. Here again he was disap- rience, in affirming that those people who are the

most ignorant and uncivilized, are the most hospit

pointed; for the Tchuktchi refused him a will better appear from the following pas

able and friendly to their fellows. sages of his first chapter, than from any Okotsk, whence he hoped to obtain a pas- ion, as deduced from the facts I have stated in this passage ; so he turned about and went to

Should my readers concur with me in this opinabstract which we could make of them.

sage to America.

On his arrival here, journal, they will not regret to have devoted a few In the month of January, 1820, I addressed a letter however, he learned that another Russian hours to its perusal; and with these sentiments I to the Secretary of the Lords Commissioners of the

expedition had sailed under Capt. Vassi

conclude this narration. Admiralty, offering to undertake a journey into the

The acuteness of the Tchuktchi, a tribe interior of Africa, which should have for its object lieff

, having in view the same object which the ascertaining of the course and determination of he had. Being thus defeated or forestalled who wander over the north-eastern exthe river Niger. Besides the bent of my own in- at all points, he passed from Okotsk over to tremity of Asia, is well exemplified in the clination, I had an inducement to this step in the Kamtchatka, and spent his time partly in account of our author's attempt to treat conviction, established by experience, of my capa wooing and partly in journeying over the with them for permission to travel through bility to encounter the ordinary difficulties of a pe

We think Kacbarga and destrian traveller; having, on the conclusion of the peninsula, till at length he married, and their country. general peace, traversed on foot the beautiful coun- with 'his wife returned to Okotsk, and his fellow chief would make very clever

ries of France, Spain, and Portugal, an excursion thence across land again to the shores of diplomatists. in which I certainly underwent a full proportion of the Baltic, where he embarked, and, hay- The next topic started was that of my desire to fatigue and privations.

The plan i purposed to follow was nearly that ing landed in England, published his jour- accompany the Tchuktchi through their country, adopted by Mu ngo Park in his first journey ; intend

There is one great defect in the and this seemed to require more generalship than ing to proceed alone, and requiring only to be fur- boc:, which we have severely felt while preter

, commenced by informing the Tchaktchi

all the others. The commissary, though an internished with the countenance of some constituent part reising it; the route described is across a people, that, the Emperor understanding two

#

current.

strange ships had appeared upon their coast, was To prove that I do not magnify the extremes of to permit my, sinking in the snow; in case I had, willing to know who they were, and had according cold in that part of the world, I beg to refer to Mr the guide with snow-shoes was near to render me ly sent with them, agreeable to their request, two Sauer's account of Billing's expedition, and the assistance. We were now frequently compelled interpreters, one of whom understood their own present Admiral of Saritcheff's account of the to wander about on the borders of precipices, and language as well as the Russian, while the other, same, when 43 degrees of Reaumur, or 74 degrees directing our route by the shade or appearance meaning myself, understood the languages of most of Fahrenheit, were repeatedly known. I will also .of the snow; habit having accustomed me, as well maritime nations. The commissary desired, as add ny testimony from experience to the extent as the people of the country, to a pretty accurate from the Emperor, that all due care should be taken of 42 degrees. I have also seen the minute book calculation whether or not the snow would bear of, and all due respect paid to us, especially to my- of a gentleman at Yakutsk where 47 degrees of me. I have even seen the horses refuse to proself, who was one of the chief interpreters of the Reaumur were registered, equal to 84 degrees of ceed, their sagacity in that case being equal to empire.' After this opening harangue was com- Fahrenheit.

man's; nor will the leading dog of a narte, if he is pleted, the turn of which inspired me with some de- Indeed, there can be but little doubt that the local good, run the vehicle into a track where there is gree of hope, one of the most respectable of the situation of the Kolyma, bordering on the latitude deep snow or water. Tchuktchi got up and said, that he was in want of of 70 degrees, and almost the most easterly part of We had now only one day's meat left, but were no interpreter, and therefore would not take one.' the continent of Asia, is a colder one than Mel. fortunate in shooting a couple of partridges which This laconic reply completely disconcerted us. ville Island or the centre of the American Polar the guides brought me. We had still some rye The next, an old and cunning fellow, called Ka- coast. Okotsk, Idgiga, Yakutsk, Tomsk and To- flour, and butter, and with that hoped to cross the charga, said that boys and girls should not be at- bolsk, are considered equally cold and exposed as river without any subsequent difficulty. At four tended to in a case of such importance; that he, the mouths of the Lena, Yana, or Kolyma. Even in the morning we had 13 degrees of frost by Reaua chief, had not demanded an interpreter, although Irkutsk, about the latitude of London, has yearly a mur, and at noon 73 degrees of heat of Fahrenheit. a nephew of his had done so.' He expatiated upon frost of 40 degrees of Reaumur, or 53 degrees below After forty miles of severe travelling we at length the impropriety of taking from those youths a com- the zero of Fahrenheit; yet, the utmost degree of reached the river, which was to close this terrible munication of such importance, as should alone cold that I have observed, I have never known at-journey, which was full of shoals and rapids, and have come from a chiet. I could not but approve tended by that crackling noise of the breath which may be declared useless. The islands in it abound the justice of the remark, and began to suspect the has been related, nor with those other strange sen- with birches, larches, and alders, as also with the whole was a hoax, and that they had not made any sations which some have described; though I have poplar, and a few pines. There is an abundance demand of an interpreter. It was therefore told seen axes split to pieces, and witnessed the ill ef- of wild berries of a fine flavour; and the pastures them that “ two nartes would be of no great conse- fects of touching iron, glass, or crockery, with the are exceedingly rich. The scenery was, also, in quence to them, and that as the Emperor had so naked skin, which will infallibly adhere to them. many places, highly beautiful; and the river afsent, they ought to take us, for that we dared not However, I soon had reason to consider the coldest forded a novel spectacle, being confined by the return to merit his displeasure.' A fresh consulta- day as the finest, because it was then sure to be inost beautiful natural quays of crystal ice, while tion was hereupon held by the savages, and they calm.

the river actually roared from the velocity of its came to a determination, that as the great Emperor himself wished to send two interpreters to Beh- of his constitution, and declare it unequal- in with two white bears bound to the north, but

Well may our author exult in the strength

As we continued our melancholy route, we fell ring's Straits, of course he could have no objection to pay for the transport of such people.' Upon led.

fear, probably on either side, kept us apart. Still inquiring what demand they would make, they said It appears that the natives on the north- along the Okota, we reached twenty-five miles, the fifty bags of tobacco,' a quantity equalling one ern coast of Asia are not less voracious horses enjoyed very fine pastures, but our provipounds weight. To make such a present in ad- Cochrane tells us of one who “grumbled”) of the last of the rein-deer, the flesh was so far hundred and twenty poods, or near five thousand than their brothers of America, for Capt. sions entirely at an end." The rains had again

overtaken us, and were rapidly swelling the rivers. vance, was madness in me to think of, and the project appeared, as indeed it proved, to be wholly lost, because he had only twenty pounds of meat gone that I could not eat it: the Yakuti, however

, for they added, that he could be no great Emperor in a day. This was a Yakut, and our author are so fond of putrid meat, termed in England game, who could not make so small a present, seeing that mentions one or two individuals of that tribe for indeed it was nothing else, that they finished it, They also observed that I must be a poor inter- Whether they too indulged in this enor rain, we made near fifty miles, the horses swimhe could command the riches of all his people.” whom he saw upwards of ninety years old. regretting only that it was so little in quantity:

The second day without food, and in a torrent of myself' Alas! they might as well have demanded five mil. mous eating does not appear; but we who ming and wading through thirty or forty little rapid lions as five thousand pounds of me. One of the are scarcely recovered from a severe fit streams. These are formed by the rains and the knowing ones observed, and I mention it as evinc- of dyspepsia, would give all our copy melting of the snow from the easter range of eleing the sagacity of those people, that ‘he doubted money and write reviews without stint, for vated mountains : they subside and dry up about whether I was an intepreter of the great Empe- a twentieth part of a Yakut's power of di- the month of September. We lost one horse

, ror's,' saying, that I could not even speak the Rus

which was carried by the stream into the Okota.

of sian language, for that he noticed that the Russian gestion. We have little room for any

At length by great labour we reached the fording Cossack interpreted from the Tchukskoi to Mr Ma- our author's hair-breadth escapes, or details place at the Okota. It was, however, impossible tiushkin, and Mr M. again in a different dialect to of his exploits in sliding down frozen moun- to attempt it, the guides observing, that the horses me.' All this was too true to be denied. They tains and swimming over ice-cold rivers ; might pass the river, but not loaded. We therefore then asked, of what use I could possibly be to but in common justice to the Captain, we halted, and next morning found a place where was them, when I neither understood the Russian nor must insert some of them. Tchukskoi languages.' This last truism quite ap

ing the horses, we turned them into the river, and palled the whole of us, and from that moincnt the We were now much annoyed with a considera- they all reached the opposite bank in safety. The point was given up. It was not a little singular that ble fall of rain, and passed a bad night in conse question then was how to get the canoe over; these rude people should all along have known quence. Next day there was every appearance of was the only person who could swim, but the water that a third Tojon, or Chief, for I was considered as the rain continuing, and I reduced the allowance of was still so cold that I felt no preference to that ene, was in the fair, and demanded who and what meat one half

. A hurricane coming on, we were mode. Necessity at last compelled me, and barhe was. I have, however, no idea that their refu- obliged to halt, and were most unpleasantly off in ing, procured a 'short stout piece of drift-wood, sal arose either from fear or ill will, but simply our wet leather clothes. As soon as possible, how- which was very buoyant, 1 crossed at a narrow from avarice.

ever, we resumed our journey along an elevated part of the stream, with a leather thong fast to my The account which Capt. Cochrane gives deep, presenting nothing for a fire, or for the sup- down above a hundred yards, but the Yakuti

, keepvalley where the snow was soft and dangerously waist. The rapidity of the stream carried me of the extremity of the cold in Siberia is port of the horses, nor a shrub of avy description ing, by a sort of run, in a parallel line, were ready quite amazing; far exceeding any thing en- to be seen. I have scarcely ever seen a place to haul me back, if necessary. I however reached dured by Capt. Parry in either of his expe- feet reach the earth in search of food;' here, how- took violent exercise. The breadth of the swim.

where the horses could not by scraping with their in safety; and, instantly throwing off my clothes, ditions.

ever, the thing was impossible, from the depth of ming part might only have been fifteen or twenty The weather proved exceedingly cold in January the snow; and indeed the poor animals seemed to yards, and across the strength of the stream possibly and February, but never so severe as to prevent know it, as they would not waste their strength in not more than four or five yards; yet 1 barely acour walks, except during those times when the the attempt. The Yakuti put on long faces at the complished it. The feat was thankfully acknowl. wind was high; it then became insupportable out obstructions we met with, never having witnessed edged by the astonished Yakuti, when I returned of doors, and we were obliged to remain at home. such deep and difficult roads; for, in ordinary with an excellent canoe. Forty degrees of frost of Fahrenheit never appear times good pasturage is to be had in this part of the Lord Byron swam the Hellespont, and Joho to affect us in calm weather so much as ten or fis- valley.

Cochrane the Okota. Of the two feats, mine was seen during the time of a breeze ; yet to witness The horses having to contend with such difficul surely the most difficult; his lordship was neither the aurora borealis, I have frequently quitted my ties, our journey was continued on foot. My snow fatigued, hungry, nor cold, nor compelled to his udbed in those extremes of cold, without shoes or shoes I gave up to one of the guides, in cons;f-ra- dertaking ; while I had each and all of those evils stockings, and with no dress on but a parka, ortion of his being very heavy, while, for 5:11

, 1o contend with. frock with a quick motion, my weight was not su

When the rivers were too broad or tou

.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

nt

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

-a bad

[ocr errors]

66

use.

swift to be swum, they were passed on rafls; ¡ The Young Scholar's Manual, or Compan-capacities of children; and its principal somewhat after this fashion.

ion to the Spelling Book. By Titus claim is to revision and improvement. To starve on one side of the river, to be drowned Strong, A. M. Fourth Edition. Green- Of “The Common Reader” we shall in it, or die upon the other side, appeared alike to

field, Mass. 1822. 16mo. pp. 90. presently say some things in praise; but me; and I accordingly embarked our little baggage The Common Reader. By T. Strong, A. we must request Mr Strong to have paupon the rafi, composed of ten logs of trees about tifteen feet loog, crossed by five others, and crossed

M. Greenfield, Mass. 1824. 12mo. pp. tience, till we have done justice to his “Diagain by two more, to form a seat for the person

228.

rections relative to the Management of a taking charge of the baggage, which was lashed to We should fail of performing a most iin- School,” and his Rules for Reading.". In the raftwere er thongs, and two or three leather bags were cut portant duty as reviewers, if we neglected these, if in any thing, we should expect him up to increase their length. Each spar was also con- those works which are designed for chil to avoid errors, in both writing and sentinected to the one on each side of it by three grum- dren. These are to sow the seeds which ment. We endeavoured, in reading them, mets formed out of the green branches of the trees will take the deepest root, and wbich, not to be hypercritical, but must say that on the banks of the river; and the raft appeared to when they spring up, will bear most fruit

. we observed vastly more faults than should best porn mo usluge resist abevere concussion. We This duty is rendered the more imperious, exist... Some of the errors are typographalso provided ourselves with drift into oars, to serve to steer, and assist in gaining the from the facility with which recommenda- ical; others relate to punctuation ; but many shore should an accident happen. My papers and tions are obtained for school-books possess

of them are of a higher order. journals were fastened round my body, and I took ing very inferior merits. We know several

Mr Strong says in his preface, that “fumy station in the bow, in order that I might avoid distinguished literary gentlemen, who will ture editions will invariably answer to the danger, and keep in the centre of the river.

It was with difficulty we moved our vessel into not recommend a work without examining present, both in matter and form ;"the main channel, from the number of eddies; but it critically; but every day presents some promise,-better broken than kept. having once reached it, we descended in a most as work, characterized by great faults, sanc

He proposes that the school should be ditonishing manner, sometimes actually making the tioned by great names. Their remark, that vided into classes, “ the instructor being head giddy as we passed the branches of trees, they give the works “a cursory perusal,” governed in the distribution by a similarity rocks, or islands. No accident happening, and the furnishes no excuse. No man should re- of proficiency in the art of reading on the pixeitons de nine proberen of operature te nxe coen: commend a book, merely from " looking part of the scholars.". It is hard copying

on the probability breakfasting the next day in Okotsk, but as yet I had noi got upon the over its pages;" and those who do, debase such clumsy sentences; but the next is not proper side of the stream, the islands and shoals equally their learning and their virtue.

better. “The classés may consist of from perpetually turning us off. The Cossack and Ya- The first of the books before us consists twelve to twenty children, and of those kut continued in a state of alarm, not entirely with of twenty-six short lessons,

containing ques- who are able to read at all without spell; out cause, for upon rounding a point of land, we observed a large tree jutting into the river, with a tre tions and answers on such subjects, with a ing, ought not to exceed three in number.” mendous and rapid surf running over it, the branches few exceptions, as children may begin to It is plain to common sense, that no such of the tree preventing the raft from passing over learn as soon as they can read. These oc- rules for classing scholars can be of any the body of it, which was so deep in the water as cupy a little more than half of the book

The author advises that those who to preclude the hope of escaping with life, at least and the remainder is principally a diction are learning the alphabet should read singimpossible to avoid being wrecked. The and Yakut crossed themselves, while I was quietly ary of common words. The first lesson re- ly; but these profit at least as much by awaiting the result in the bow. We struck, and lates to letters, syllables, and words; the being classed, as scholars more advanced. such was the force of the rebound that I was in second to points; the third to marks; the So many may compose a class, as can conhopes we should have been thrown outside the fourth to capitals. In the third lesson the veniently read from one book. shaft in the subsequent approach. I was, however, inark for accent should have been given;

The Directions seem to us equally frivodisappointed, for the fore part of the raft was actu- and also the figures, as used by Walk- lous and useless, except that which recomso high out of the water that it completely turned er, to denote the sounds of the vowels. mends opening and closing the school with

At the close of the book orer, bringing the baggage under water; the whole These should have been applied to the a short prayer. then, with the Yakut and Cossack, proceeded down words defined in the latter part of the book. Mr Strong has given forms of prayer for the stream, and fortunately brought up upon an The eighth lesson relates to the sciences; these occasions. He appears to be an “or. island about one hundred yards below. In the the ninth to grammar. These should have thodox” man, and some persons will object mean while my situation was dangerous; being in

Canpot a the bow, I could not hold on the raft as my com- been omitted, for they will give no informa- to several of his expressions. panions had been able to do, for fear of being jam- tion to children at the proper age for using form of prayer be found, which will be permed in between the raft and the tree. I therefore this book. Several of the lessons which fectly unobjectionable as to doctrine ; which quitted my hold, and with infinite difficulty, clung follow, relate to arithmetic, and contain the will express exactly all that is always most to the outer branches on the rapid side of the tree; most important tables. These are well

, for proper to be said while praying, which will my body out of water but my head and arms. I could not they can be understood. The eighteenth, relieve the young and modest teacher from long remain in such a state ; and making, therefore, on geometry, will not be sufficiently intel- all embarrassment of every kind; and the one vigorous effort, on the success of which it was 'ligible. For example :

length of which which will be precisely clear my life depended, I gained the top of the

Q. Of what does Geometry treat?

adapted to the occasion? Will it not be tree. I was throwing off my upper park, when the branch gave way, and I dropped down, half drown- magnitudes in general.

A. Of the description, properties and relations of better, in the next edition, to substitute the

Lord's prayer for those we have mentioned ? iag, to the island. It was a fortunate circumstance

Q. What is an angle?

We are surprised that the author-as he that the raft upset, as otherwise it could not have

A. An angle is the inclination of two lines which undertakes to direct the religious exercises brought up ai the island; which it did in conse meet but not in the same direction. quence of the baggage lashed to the raft being so

of the school-omitted to recommend the deep in the water.

The twenty-fifth lesson is liable to the reading of the Scriptures. We are very We should, did our limits permit, make same objection.

far from wishing to encourage the use of some remarks on the state of slavery still ex- Q. What are clouds?

them as a substitute for common reading isting in Russia, which appears to us as severe A. They are vapours or foge which float in the lessons ; but as a religious exercise, they in some instances as that of the Indians and air from a quarter of a mile to three miles high. would certainly be most proper at least Negroes in the mines of South America, When they dissolved w cathetohthe ground, they before the morning

prayer. cause and in hail snow. previous to the revolution in that country.

Q. What causes an eclipse of the sun ?

The « Rules for Reading” are said to be We think the book will furnish a few A. The moon casting its shadow in the same selected from Murray's Introduction to the hours' amusement to many besides Lord way upon the earth.

English Reader; but Mr Strong must be Melville, and we think too that it will in- These examples will also show that Mr answerable for their correctness. He has struct at the same time that it amuses. Strong is not always careful as to sense and faults enough, without .copying those of We hope that Capt. Cochrane may live to punctuation.

others. The following paragraph appears to make more journeys, and tell them as The plan of this Manual is very good, but be original. agreeably as he has told of this.

it is executed with too little regard to the The two first, and indeed principal qualifications

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

necessary to form a good reader, are voice and the style of the lessons, both in prose and

MISCELLANY. judgment. A defect in the former may indeed be verse, is almost invariably chaste, and is partially remedied by unwearied application and Industry

, but a defect in the latter will inevitably frequently elegant; and we have noticed
prove fatal to improvement.
no passages which are unquestionably ob-

CUI BONO?
We give Mr

What's the use of't?
What difference is there between the jectionable as to morals.

Trans. first, and the principal qualifications for Strong this praise, heartily; and will leave reading ?. A defect in voice, it seems, may book may be made highly useful, by re-bleness of the human understanding, than

him with an assurance, that we think bis NOTHING displays more clearly the feebe remedied by unwearied application and industry. What is the difference between formations which it will be easy to make.

the illiberal prejudices which men very unwearied application and industry. Both,

generally entertain of their own personal it appears, are necessary to remedy a defect A familiar Introduction to Crystallography, pursuits. Science, which should correct in voice; but a defect in judgment will in- including an Explanation of the Common the dimness of the vision, and give to it a evitably prove fatal. But cannot a defect and Reflective Goniometer, with an Ap- wider scope, serves only to increase it. Or in judgment be remedied by unwearied

pendix, containing the Mathematical Rela- rather like the telescope, it extends the application and industry? We suppose the tions of Crystals, Rules for Drawing their vision in the particular line in which it is die author thinks so, for he proceeds: “To cul- Figures, and an Alphabetical Arrangement rected, to the entire exclusion of every fortivate this, therefore, should be the great of Minerals, their Synonyms, and Pri- eign object. “Noauthor,” says Montesquieu, and leading object with every instructor." mary Forms. Ilustrated by four hun- “can hope to be esteemed by such as are

The first Rule is, to be particularly care- dred Engravings. By Henry James not interested in the same branch of science ful to pronounce all the vowels distinctly. Brooke, F. R. S., &c.*

with himself. The philosopher has a soveWe think much more is gained by a con- This work is peculiarly adapted to the use

reign contempt for the man whose head is stant effort to pronounce the consonants of students in Mineralogy, and has receiv- only stored with facts; and he is in his own distinctly:

turn looked upon as a visionary by the pered the unqualified approbation of the most Rule 3. As the art of reading depends much on distinguished mineralogists in Europe. The son endowed with a good memory.” This the should

sagacious writer furnishes an exemplificaused with economy. The voice ought to be relieved first part is devoted to the definitions of the tion of the truth of his own assertion, in at every stop; slightly at a comma, more leisurely terms employed in the description of at a semicolon or colon, and completely at a period. tals , which are given in a peculiarly dis another passage of his Persian Letters

, Does this mean that we should take tinct and intelligible manner, and are am- whose profession it is to impose shackles

where he characterizes poets, as “ authors, breath at every stop? A worse rule cannot ply illustrated by neatly executed diagrams. be given. Try it by reading.

on good sense, and to bury reason under The principle upon which the reflective

agrémens, as women used to be smothered *Love, hope, and joy, fair pleasure's smiling train; goniometer of Dr Wollaston is constructed, under jewels and finery." Montesquieu was Hate, fear, and grief, the family of pain.' and the application of this elegant instru

a wit and a philosopher, but it is clear he Mr Strong tells us that the points of in- ment, are so fully and clearly explained, understood little of the uses of poetry

. terrogation and exclamation should be that all idea of its use being attended with The scholar contemns the man of business attended with a little elevation of the voice." difficulty is wholly removed.

In rendering

as one of “ Nature's journeymen,” useful in What he means by their being attended with the first part of his work quite elementary, keeping some of the coarser machinery of a little elevation

of voice, is not obvious. M: Brooke has enabled the young mineral- life in motion ; and the man of business with if he means to repeat the old rule, that ogist, even if unacquainted with

the rudi- equal charity regards the student as an imquestions and exclamations should be closed ments of geometry, to make very consider becile pedant, that knows nothing of the with the rising inflection, let him adopt this able progress in the science of Crystallog: world, and is liable to have his pocket inflection the next time he interrogates his raphy. Those who are not in the habit of picked at every turn. neighbour, « How do you do?” We wish mathematical investigations, and who can looks down upon the chemist, the

mineralothat those who give rules for reading, would not avail themselves of the theory of decre

gist, the botanist, as

so many barınless either think and observe for themselves, or ments in tracing the relation between the secondary and primary forms of crystals, of the earth, to the neglect of the immor

grubs, busily occupied with the outer rind consult Walker's Rhetorical Grammar. We have not time to notice the other er- will derive great assistance from the “Tatal mind which presides over it; and

these bles of the Modifications of the Primary again despise the metaphysician as a shalrors in this part of the work. On

page 38, we observe the first verse of the forty- Forms,” in the eleventh section. These low theorist, spinning cobwebs out of his first Psalm quoted, with one error, and one will enable them to compare all the classes brain, to entangle smaller fools than him interpolation. The typographical errors, and with their respective primary forms, mere rubbish in the eyes of the poet, and

of simple secondary forms with each other, self. The treasures of the antiquarian are especially in punctuation, are very numerous throughout the book. The authors of and will present a general view of all the the creations of the latter are silly

dreams the various articles should have been men

know'n classes of the primary.
The fourth section contains a full explan- former. In short, every profession recip-

in the matter-of-fact apprehension of the tioned. We should render to every man his due. This injustice is becoming common, of the secondary forms of crystals, and otposite; and the man of pleasure, who has

ation of the symbols used in the description rocates a most cordial contempt for its opbut we see no excuse for it. The errors which we have noticed, are

the method of applying them.
In the Appendix, Mr Brooke has given them all, by despising them all equally.

no profession whatever, puts himself above sufficient to authorize us in saying, that they

an outline of the method of applying the Even different branches of the same purshould not have been sanctioned by recommendations from the Presidents of Bowdoin theory of decreients, to determine the re- suit inspire no great respect for each other

, and Middlebury Colleges, the Chancellor lations between the secondary and primary and the player,” says La Bruyère

, * follof Brown University, Dr Lyman of Hat- forms, and of calculating the laws of decre- ing in his chariot

, scatters the mud in the In these calculations he has sub- face of the great Corneille, to whose tragefield, and Rodolphus Dickinson, Esq. Mr Strong's selection of reading lessons, stituted spherical for plane trigonometry.

dies he owes his fortune. Chez plusieurs, is, on the whole, very good. Perhaps he

* It was the intention of the learned author of savant et pédant sont synonymes." has not fully accomplished his object of the above work to have published an edition in this

Of all these classes, none find it so diffigiving those only, which are accommodated country, but being advised of the limited demand cult to persuade others of their fair preto the capacities of the first and second that could be expected for it, he relinquished the tensions, as the cultivators of the elegant classes in our common schools. It may also design, and has placed a few copies of the English arts; none are brought down with such be said, that too many of his pieces assume

edition in the hands of Dr J. W. Webster, for sale

at the cost in London, viz. $3,50. Orders for the severity to the cynical standard of the a very grave tone of morality, and hence work may be addressed to Cummings, Hilliard, & cui bono? The collector of facts, the are unnecessarily tedious to children. But Co., No. 1, Cornhill

practical man of science, nay the vulgar

66

[ocr errors]

ment.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]

may not

a

mechanic, the blacksmith, carpenter, tailor, touching upon all the sweets of miscella- | have been the theme of so much jealous &c. carry with them immediate conviction neous literature, as they were once accus- literary altercation from Plutarch to the of the object and utility of their labours.; tomed to do, settle down upon some such present day? What of Dionysius, whose but in what way do the poet, the painter, dry and exceedingly wholesome topic as blackened reputation has been purified by the novelist, &c. further the great business “ Tread-mill,” “ Arbitrary Government,” the labours of successive apologists, until of life? How do they supply its wants or "Combination Laws,” “Court of Chancery,” the “ tyrant of Syracuse" shines forth a even its comforts? What serviceable dis- “ Price of Tea,” “ Holy Alliance," “ Mine- pure and devoted patrioti What of Philip coveries have they ever made? What ralogical Systems," " Office of Judge Advo- of Macedon, who from a perfidious oppresoperative and before unknown truths have cate," “ Dry Rot,” &c. &c.; all of them, sor, the character imputed to him by Dethey revealed? In short, of what use are save the last, crowded into one of the very mosthenes, has been metamorphosed by they? “ The Iliad and the Odyssey," said last numbers of the Edinburgh Review. Mitford into a benevolent and enlightened a worthy mathematician, “may be very In our own country, the North American sovereign. How stand the ancient foundagood poems, but, after all, what do they has still an “ample verge” assigned to tions of Roman history? Time has sapped prove?” The most enlightened sages, in purely literary discussion. But the spirit them cruelly, and the first four centuries of their esprit de corps, have not concealed of the nation runs quite in another direc- her royal and republican grandeur, which their contempt for pursuits so dissimilar tion; and the doctrine of utility is enforced have furnished the basis of so many fine from their own. Cicero, as Seneca records in its broadest extent. In our growing schemes of government, of the profound of him (Epist. 49), said, that “if his age state of society, where new relations are treatises of Macchiavelli and of Monteswere to be doubled, he should find no time constantly suggesting new wants to be quieu in particular, are now discovered to to throw away upon lyrical poetry.” The gratified, it is perhaps well that it should be mere i old wives' tales.” poetry of Pindar! The Roman orator be so; and yet one might join with the

-“ Varias mutantia formas is known, however, to have been guilty author of a very beautiful essay on the Somnia vana jacent."of bad verses himself, and it was perhaps " Value of Classical Learning,” in a late his ill fortune that led him to the splenetic number of the North American, in wishing

The glorious self-devotion of Scævola, Montaigne, « let us avenge ourselves by gant and ornamental arts, might be super: it may be, and many other beautiful images

, reflection. “We cannot attain to it,” says that “a disinterested passion for the ele Cocles, the Horatii, of Lucretia, the inspi

ration of Numa, the patriotism of Brutus, abusing it.” Nous ne pouvons pas y attein- added to those sober and practical views of dre, vengeons nous par en médire. Pascal, utility,” by which the nation is distinto which our fancies have fondly clung in his terrible “ Pensées," declares that guished.

from earliest childbood, must all be aban"honest people make no distinction be- But should the man of fiction be inclined doned as dreains (Joao ovagol, it is true) between the trade of a poet and that of an to encounter the man of fact on his own

fore the eye of modern criticism, which, embroiderer.” Pascal was a polemic and ground of the cui bono, the latter

like the telescope—if we may call upon a mathematician. Every one knows what kind himself to have so decidedly the ad- this instrument to do us service once moresmall account Locke has made of poetry, in vantage as might at first be suspected. sees clearest into the remotest objects. his valuable treatise on Education. “ Poetry Take the historian for example. What What shall we believe of Carthage, that and gaming, which usually go together, are ever be his accomplishments as a fine writ- strange paradox of a faithless, savage peoalike in this too, that they seldom bring er, his value must chiefly rest upon his ve- ple, and one of the most liberal and perany advantage but to those who have noth- racity. Now what are our chances of tect governments of antiquity? Had her ing else to live on.” reason a father can have to wish his son a Glance your

eyes over antiquity and point What'shall we say of the Romans of a later “I know not what meeting with a fair and faithful narrative? historians survived, think you she would

be registered in infamy as she now is? poet,” &c. Every body knows also the to the page whence we are to date the comreply. of Lord Burleigh to Queen Eliza- mencement of a credible and consistent date, of Sylla, the scourge or the saviour of beth, upon her ordering a hundred pounds chronicle of events. To pass by the enor

his country? Of Pompey, the disinterestto be given to the author of the Fairy mous fictions of the Asiatic and Egyptian the liberties of Rome? What of Tiberius,

ed patriot or the politic conspirator against Queen, whom the treasurer was pleased to dynasties, and the debatable ground of deporninate a ballad-maker.

Sir Isaac early Grecian story, the heroic ages, and Nero, Domitian, &c. &c. the whole show of Newton quotes Barrow, without dissenting the expedition to Troy, let us come down to imperial monsters, whose black reputations from him, as having defined poetry " a kind the Father of History. How much do we Tacitus, like a righteous executioner, has of ingenious nonsense.” But instances need here find to rely upon? “ All that Herodotus hung up in chains, to the terror of posteri, not be multiplied of the bigotted partiality has himself seen," say his advocates, " is to ty? Who can gravely give credit to all of the most liberal minds for their own pe- be believed.” And is this all! Out of this the recorded atrocities of the exhausted culiar walks, to the utter disparagement of copious chronicle, is that only to be receiv- octogenarian voluptuary in his isle of Cathose of others, especially when these last ed, to which the historian can personally prea, of the incestuous incendiary Nero, or seem to shrink from a trial of their own testify! His books, “ poetæ mendacia dul- of Caligula conferring the consulship upon

his borse, worth, at the merciless ordeal of the cui cia,” have indeed other claims than their bono. “ Of what use is it?" said a famous eloquence to be patronised by the names of

-" Credat Judæus A pella; French critic, on hearing a poem highly the Muses. Even in the account of coneulogized by some of his friends, “ will it temporary transactions the reader finds his But to quote no other examples from anlower the price of grain ?"

organ of credulity (if such there be in Dr tiquity of the perversion of historical truth, This disposition to estimate every thing Gall's scheme) very liberally taxed, and what shall we say of the accredited reports upon the scales of the cui bono has been one may meet with some strange incongrui- of George, bishop of Cappadocia, who, after gaining ground in the world during the ties in the Persian expedition and charac- a life of merciless extortion and gross imlast century. Not that elegant arts are ter that would lead him to the belief, that, piety, has been canonized as a Christian abandoned, but attention is much more had a Persian historian told the tale, the martyr, as “the patron saint of England, of strongly and widely drawn to practical pur characters of Xerxes and his nation might chivalry, and of the garter.” snits (so called), to physical science, to poli- have fared somewhat differently.

In modern times, however, when the press tics, economy, statistics, &c., in short to those

How are we to reconcile the contradic-diffuses knowledge rapidly and widely, studies which seem to have a more direct and tions of character imputed to some of the when truth may be freely and innoxiously effectual influence upon the condition of so- leading personages in Greece, in a riper recorded and reported, when the science ciety. Take the leading foreign journals period of her glory, when she became the of politics and government is more generfor instance in Great Britain, a good test of seat of philosophy and letters ? What shall ally as well as more thoroughly understood, public opinion in this matter, and you will we believe of Socrates, of Aristophanes, the we may expect to meet with veracious tesfind that the critics now-a-days, instead of philosopher and the poet, whose principles Itimony. “But how," says that subtle poli

[ocr errors]

Non ego."

« AnteriorContinuar »