Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

14

TEMPERATURE OF THE CARIBEAN SEA AT

countenance and advice of Sir Humphrey There is considerable risk from explo- 10. An account of all events of national imDavy. The method employed by Mr Far- sions in conducting these experiments, par- portance, especially of the doings of congress.

Under this head, the most important speeches aday was to generate the gases under pow- ticularly on those gases which require a

will be given as reported in the National Intelerful pressure, and at the same time favour great number of atmospheres to reduce

ligencer. their condensation by the application of them to the liquid state, such as carbonic 20. An account of all events of importance, in cold. The materials for producing the gas acid and nitrous oxide.

the several states, not already related under the

former head. were placed in one of the legs of a bent

II. History of the several independent states of glass tube, which was then sealed at both

America south of the United States, for the ends. Heat, if necessary, was applied to

THE DEPTH OF 6000 FEET.

year, viz. Mexico, Colombia, Buenos Ayres, the end containing the materials, while the

Chili, and Peru: Brazil. The temperature at this depth in lat. 2011. History of the several states of Europe for the other was placed in a freezing mixture. As N. long. 834 W. was ascertained by Capt

. the gas forms, it is gradually deposited in a

year. an iron

PART II. Chronicle. liquid state in the cold end of the tube. Sabine in the following manner; cylinder of 75 lbs. weight was let down at

Notices of important and curious events, not In this way the properties of chlorine, mu

the end of the line used in the experiment, riatic acid, sulphureous acid, sulphuretted

forming a part of the general historical nar

rative. hydrogen, carbonic acid, euchlorine, nitrous containing a self-registering thermometer,

and so arranged as to exclude the entrance APPENDIX TO THE CHRONICLE. oxide, cyanogen, and ammonia, in a liquid

of the water. Another iron cylinder of Important state papers. state, have been ascertained with a greater less weight and strength was attached two

Remarkable trials and law cases. or less degree of precision. The following

Statistical tables.

Notices of inventions and discoveries. is a view of the results at which Mr Fara fathoms above it on the line, also contain

Obituary notices of distinguished characters. day has arrived with regard to the colour, ing a thermometer, and permitting the

After being down

General miscellany. consistency, and specific gravity of these ingress of the water. several gases, and of the degree of pres- and the apparatus came up in good order. work and its certain utility, if well execut

fifty three minutes the line was hauled in, The excellence of the design of this sure and temperature which is necessary The thermometer to which the water had ed, must be obvious. It will be edited by to reduce them to a liquid state.

free access stood at 45°.5; the other, from Prof. Everett, and the mention of this gen

which it had been intended to exclude it, tleman's name renders all comment upon
although the attempt did not fully suc- its probable character and merits super-
ceed, at 490,5. The water at the surface fluous.
was from 820.5 to 83o.2, at the time of the
experiment.

Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. Boston, have in

press, and will shortly publish, Florula BostoCOPPERING OF SHIPS' BOTTOMS.

niensis, a Collection of Plants of Boston and
Sir H. Davy has lately read a paper to its vicinty, with their places of growth, time
the Royal Society, on the cause of the of flowering, and occasional remarks. By
corrosion and decay of copper used for cov-Jacob Bigelow, M. D. Rumford Professor,
ering the bottoms of ships. This he has and Professor of Materia Medica in Har-
ascertained to be a weak chemical action vard University.—Second edition, greatly
constantly exerted between the saline con- enlarged.
tents of sea water and the copper, and This edition will contain the plants which
which, whatever may be the nature of the the author has collected in different parts
copper, sooner or later destroys it. The of the New England States since the pub-
remedy he has found in the application of lication of the first edition in 1814. These,
those electrical powers and relations of together with enlarged descriptions of the
bodies which have been found to exert so plants of the first edition, will constitute
extensive an influence upon chemical phe- about double the quantity of matter origin-

He finds that a very small sur-ally contained in the work.
face of tin or other oxidable metal in con-
tact any where with a large surface of cop-
per renders it so negatively electrical that

[Some delay in the appearance of this the sea water has no action upon it; and number of the Gazette has been caused by cir. even a little mass of tin brought into com- cumstances beyond our control; we have not, munication with a large plate of copper by however, availed ourselves of the opportuni

a wire, entirely preserves the copper. Sir
H. Davy is now putting this discovery into ty to obtain a large subscription list, because

we believe it more just and more safe to soli-
actual practice on some of the British ships
of war.

cit public patronage, by actual performance,

than by promises. We state this by way of Cummings, Hilliard & Co. and Oliver apology to those gentlemen who may receive Everett, propose to publish by subscription our first number, without having authorized a new work, to be called “ The American

us to send it to them.
Annual Register of History and Politics."
It will be printed annually (or, should the

Every one who receives this number, is nature of the work be found to require it, requested to return it to us, by mail, with semi-annually), and will contain 900 large no greater delay than his convenience may

The price will be $5,00 a require, unless he wishes to become a subscribyear. The general plan will accord with

er; in which case, if he will have the goodthe following arrangement; which, however, will receive such modifications as may be ness to make his intention known to us, he found expedient

will receive the numbers as they are publishNone of the liquids thus obtained be

PART I. General History.

ed. came solid at any temperature to which I. History of the United States of America for the No. 1 Cornhill, Feb. 1824.] they were subjected.

year, containing

nomena.

Sp. Grav. Pres. in Atmos. Temp. Materials employed for procuring the gases.

Muriate of Ammonia and Sulphuric Acid.
Sulphuric Acid and Mercury.
Hydrate of Chlorine.
Muriatic Acid and Sulphuret of Iron.
Carb. of Ammonia and Sulphuric Acid.
IChloride of Silver saturated with Ammon. Gas.
Chlorate of Potash and Sulphuric Acid.
Nitrate of Ammonia.

Cyanuret of Mercury:

60°
4 atmospheres

3.6

6.5
Bright yellow -1.33

Colour.
Colourless

Do.
Do.

Do.
Deep yellow
Colourless

Do.

Do.
Muriatic Aci
Chlorine
Sulphuretted Hydrogen
Sulphurous Acid
Carbonic Acid
Euchlorine
Nitrous Oxide
Cyanogen
Amnionia

1111

pages, 8vo.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

NEW PUBLICATIONS.

mar.

[This list of new publications will be published

BY WELLS AND LILLY,

BY JAMES LORING, monthly, and the intermediate numbers will con

Boston.

Boston. tain in its place, items of literary and scientific SERMONS_By the Rev. Samuel C. THE Moral Dignity of the Missionary intelligence.]

Thacher. With a Memoir. By F. W. P. Enterprise. A Sermon delivered before the
Greenwood.

Boston Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, on the BY CUMMINGS, HILLIAPID, & CO. History of a Voyage to the China Sea. evening of October 6, and before the Salem Bible Boston.

By John White, Lieutenant in the United States Translation Society on the evening of November REFLECTIONS on the Politics of An- Navy.

4, 1823. By F. Wayland, Jr. Pastor of the First cient Greece. Translated from the German of Good's Study of Medicine and Nosology. Baptist Church in Boston. Second edition. Arnold H. L. Heeren, by George Bancroft. (For numerous recommendations of this celebrated What think ye of Christ? A Sermon and very popular work, see N. E. Medical Jour

BY RICHARDSON AND LORD,

Boston. preached at Newburyport, Sunday, Oct. 26, 1923. nal.] By John Pierpont, Minister of Hollis-street Church, Observations on the Diseases of Females A NEW and greatly improved edition of Boston.

which are attended by Discharges; illustrated by Wanostrocht's French Grammar. The Philosophy of Natural History, by Copper-Plates of the diseases, $c. By Charles A new edition of Whelpley's Compend William Smellie, Member of the Antiquarian and Mansfield Clarke, Member of the Royal College of of General History. Royal Societies of Edinburgh.— With an Introduc- Surgeons, Surgeon of the Queen's Lying-In Hospiuon and various additions and alterations, intend- tal, and Lecturer on Midwifery in London.

BY PHELPS AND FARNUM, ed to adapt it to the present state of knowledge. By Private and Special Statutes of the Com

Boston.
John Ware, M. D. Fellow of the Massachusetismonwealth of Massachusetts.
Medical Society, and of the American Academy of 1306 to February

1914. Revised and published by SOME Account of the Medical School in

Boston, and of the Massachusetts General Hosauthority of the Legislature, in comformity with a The Greek Reader, by Frederic Jacobs, resolution, passed 220 February, 1822. [These

pital; with two engravings. Professor of the Gymnasium at Gotha, and editor volumes contain the Acts passed since the publica

BY CUSHING AND APPLETON, of the Anthologia. From the seventh German tion of the three first volumes, and comprise vol

Salem. edition, adapted to the translation of Buttmann's umes 4 and 5 of the series. Greek Grammar.

Journal of a Residence in Chili. By A ATHENS, and other Poems. By the A Practical Treatise upon the Authority Young American, detained in that Country during

author of “Ruins of Paestum." and Duty of Justices of the Peace in Criminal the Revolutionary Scenes of 1817-18-19.

BY WHIPPLE AND LAWRENCE, Prosecutions. By Daniel Davis, Solicitor General An Abridgment of Adam's Latin Gram

Salem. of Massachusetts.

With some Corrections and Additions. A General Abridgment and Digest of Duke Christian of Luneburg; or, Tradi- MEDICAL Dissertation on the Diagnosis, American Law, with occasional Notes and Com- tion from the Hartz. By Miss Jane Porter, author which obtained the Boylston Premium for 1822.

and Treatment of Pertussis or Chin Cough, ments. By Nathan Dane, LL. D. Counsellor at of “ Thaddeus of Warsaw." &c. &c. &c. Law. Volumes I. II. and III.

Warreniana; With Notes Critical and
Hints on Extemporaneous Preaching. Explanatory.

BY A. H. MALTBY & CO.
By the Editor of a Quarterly Re-

New Haven. By Henry Ware, Jr. Minister of the Second Church view. (This work is said to have been written by A COMPLETE History of Connecticut, in Boston. the “ Authors of Rejected Addresses."

Civil and Ecclesiastical, from the emigration of Sketches of the Earth and its Inhabi

its first Planters from England in the year 1630, tants; comprising a Description of the Grand

BY LINCOLN AND EDMANDS,

to the year 1764, and to the close of the Indian Features of Nature ; the Principal Mountains, Riv.

Boston.

wars. By Benjamin Trumbull, D. D. 2 vols. 8vo. ers, Cataracts, and other Interesting Objects and Natural Curiosties; also of the Chief Cities and THE Pronouncing Testament, for the use Remarkable Edifices and Ruins; together with a of Schools, in which the proper names, and

BY WILLIAM H. CLAYTON,

New York. View of the Manners and Customs of different many other words, are divided into syllables, and Nations : Illustrated by One Hundred Engravings. accented, agreeably to the pronunciation of Mr LETTERS of Jonathan Oldstyle, Gent. Walker.

By the author of the Sketch Book.

With a By J. E. Worcester.

Elements of Geography, Ancient and The Pronouncing Introduction, being Biographical Notice. Modern : with an Atlas. By J. Ě. Worcester, A. M. Murray's Introduction to the English Reader, ac

BY C. S. VAN WINKLE, Stereotype edition. — (In this edition the quantity cented, with an Appendix, consisting of words

New York. of matter has been much increased, various altera selected from the work, with definitions. tions have been made in the arrangement, and con- The Pronouncing English Reader, being A HISTORY of New York, from the besiderable changes also in all parts, the modern ge- Murray's Reader, with accents, and the sections

ginning of the World to the end of the Dutch ography, the ancient, and the tabular views. The divided into paragraphs of convenient length to be Dynasty. By Diedrich Knickerbocker. Fourth design has been to render the work more conveni- read in classes.

edition. 2 vols. ent for use, both to the teacher and the pupil. The Elements of Arithmetic, by Question and

BY A. FINLEY,
Atlas has also been revised, and a new map of the Answer, designed for the use of the younger classes
Eastern and Middle States has been added to it.]

Philadelphia.
in public and private schools. By J. Robinson, Jr.
An Introduction to Ancient and Modern

AN elegant general Atlas, comprising 60 Geography, on the plan of Goldsmith and Guy;

Maps, together with an engraved title and table BY S. T. ARMSTRONG,

of contents. Subscription price, coloured and half comprising Rules for Projecting Maps. With an

Boston.

bound in morocco, $10.
Atlas. By J. A. Cummings. Ninth edition, with
additions and improvements.

THE Holy Bible, containing the Old and
New Testaments, according to the authorized

BY CAREY AND LEA.
BY CHARLES EWER,
version; with explanatory notes and practical

Philadelphia.
Boston.

observations. By Thomas Scott, D.D.: Vol. Y ELEMENTS of Therapeutics and MateA SERIES of Lectures on the most ap: whole work is to be completed in six volumes, of the Institutes of the Practice of Physic&rc. 2 vols.

being the first vol. of the Stereotype edition. The ria Medica. By N. Chapman, M. D. Professor proved principles and practice of Modern Surgery; principally derived from the lectures de royal octavo.

8vo. pages 1000. Price $6. livered by Astley Cooper Esq. F. R. S. &c. at the

Essays on various subjects connected United Hospital of Guy and Si Thomas, by Charles BY CROCKER AND BREWSTER, with Midwifery. By W. P. Dewes, M. D. MemM. Syder.

Boston.

ber of the American Philosophical Society, 1 vol. The Hero of No Fiction; or Memoirs of THE Moral Condition and Prospects of 8vo. pages. 479. Price $3,50. Francis Barnett, the Lefevre of “ No Fiction.” the Heathen. A Sermon, delivered at the Old A short Treatise on Operative Surgery,

Walker's Pronouncing Dictionary, abridg- South Church in Boston, before the Foreign Mis- describing the principal operations as they are ed for the use of Schools ; to which is added, Walk- sionary Society of Boston and the vicinity, at practised in England and France, designed for er's Key to Scripture Proper Names.

their Annual Meeting, Jan. 1, 1824. By Benjamin students in operating on the dead body. By

B. Wisner, Pastor of the Old South Church. Charles Averil, surgeon, 1 vol. 12mo. pages 232. BY JOSEPH T. BUCKINGHAM,

The Faith once Delivered to the Saints. Price $1,12.
Boston

A Sermon delivered at Worcester, Mass. October Flora of North America, illustrated by BOSTON Prize Poems, and other Speci- 15, 1823, at the Ordination of the Rev. L. I. Hoad-colored engravings drawn from Nature. By mens of Dramatic Poetry.

ly. By Lyman Beecher, D. D. Second edition. W. P. C. Barton, M. D. &c. &c.

[ocr errors]

WORKS IN PRESS.

WORKS IN PRESS.

WORKS IN PRESS.

ments.

umes.

a

BY CUMMINGS, HILLIARD & CO.

BY WELLS AND LILLY,

BY RICHARDSON AND LORD,
Boston.
Boston.

Boston.
INSTITUTES of Natural Philosophy, The PRIVATE Correspondence of William A NEW edition of a Manual of French

oretical and Practical. By William Enfield, Cowper, Esq. With several of his most inti- “Phrases, and French Conversations : adapted LL. D. Fourth American edition, with improve- mate Friends. Now first published from the origi- to Wanostrocht's French Grammar. Containing

nal, in the possession of his kindsman, John John- an extensive collection of words and dialogues unA General Abridgment and Digest of son, LL. D. Rector of Yaxham, with Welborne in der each rule, with examples from the best French American Law, with Occasional Notes and Com- Norfolk.

authors. Calculated to assist the scholar in writments. By Nathan Dane, LL. D. In eight vol- Female Friendship. A Tale for Sundays. ing the exercises. By N. M. Heutz. Vol. IV.

By the author of “School for Sisters." Collectanea Græca Majora. Editio quar- A Treatise on Crimes and Misdemeanors.

BY EDGAR W. DAVIES, ta Americana. In two volumes. By William Ordnall Russell,

Boston. Collectanea Græca Minora. Sixth Cam- of Lincoln's Inn, Esq. Barrister-at-Law.–With GRENVILLE'S Introduction to English bridge edition ; in which the Latin of the Notes Notes and References to American Authorities. Grammar, with Exercises in Parsing, &c. &c. and Vocabulary is translated into English. By Daniel Davis, Esq. Solicitor General of Massa- Second and improved edition.

chusetts. Publius Virgilius Maro;-Bucolica, GeorPickering's Reports. [Continuation of

BY A. H. MALTBY & CO. gica, et Æneis. With English Notes, for the use Massachusetts Reports.]

New Haven. of Schools.

Lectures on various branches of Natural A new edition of Say's Political Economy. THE True Masonic Chart, or HieroglyHistory.

phic Monitor ; containing all the Emblems By William Dandridge Peck, A. A. & Eighth volume of Taunton's Reports. S. H. S. late Professor of Natural History in Har- The Seats and Causes of Diseases inves-Fellow Craft, Master Mason, Mark Master, Past

explained in the Degrees of Entered Apprentice, vard University.

tigated by Anatomy; containing a great variety of Master, Most Excellent Master, Royal Arch, An Introduction to the Differential and Dissections, and accompanied with Remarks: By Royal 'Master, and Select Master; designed and Integral Calculus, or the Doctrine of Fluxions; de John Baptist Morgagni, Chief Professor of Anato- duly arranged, agreeably to the Lectures. By R. signed for an extraordinary class in the University. my, and President of the University

, at Padua.. w. Jeremy L. Cross, G. L. To which are added A Greek and English Lexicon.

Abridged, and elucidated with copious notes, by Illustrations, Charges, Songs, &c. Much enlarged. [This work, which was announced some time William Cooke, Member of the Royal College Third edition. I vol. 12mo. since, has been delayed beyond the intention of the of Surgeons, London—and one of the Hunterian

The Elementary Reader.—Being a Col. publishers by circumstances that could not be anti- Society.

lection of Original Reading Lessons, for Common cipated; but will now proceed with all the des

Schools, in which are combined useful instruction patch consistent with the nature of such a work ;

BY MUNROE AND FRANCIS,

and just principles with attractive elegance, and ivhich, being designed for the use of young persons

Boston.

purity of style ; calculated for children from five in particular

, will demand very great care in the VOL. XVI. of the Waverley Novels, en- to ten years old, and adapted to the faculties of the revision and correction of the press.)

titled ST RONAN'S WELL. 1 vol. 8vo. human mind at that age. To which are prefixed, Sermons, by the late Rev. David Osgood, Vol. III. of Miss Edgeworth's Works; by way of Introduction, Rules and Observations D. D. Pastor of the Church in Medford.

which will be the sixth volume published-entitled on the Elementary Principles of Correct Reading. Florula Bostoniensis, a Collection of Plants BELINDA—to be completed in 12 vols. 8vo. to By Samuel Whiting. of Boston and its Vicinity, with their places of match the Waverley Novels.

Adams' Latin Grammar, in an abridged growth, times of flowering, and occasional remarks. Conversations on Common Things. By form adapted to schools. By William Russell. By Jacob Bigelow, M. D. Rumford Professor, and an American Lady. Intended as a book for Schools 18mo. Professor of Materia Medica in Harvard Univer- and Academies. sity. Second edition, greatly enlarged. The Universal Hymn Book.—By Hosea

BY HOWE AND SPAULDING, A Summary of the Law and Practice of Ballou and Edward Turner. Third edition, in a

New Haven. Real Actions. By Asahel Stearns, Professor of neat pocket form, on fine paper and types, page for AN Elementary Treatise on Conic SecLaw in Harvard University page with the large edition.

tions, Spheric Geometry and Trigonometry, The Four Gospels of the New Testament Theodore: or the Crusaders--a tale for being the fifth part of a course of Mathematics in Greek, from the Text of Griesbach, with a Lexi- Youth,—By Mrs Hofland. With 12 wood cuts.

adapted to the method of instruction in the Amercon in English of all the words contained in them;

The Atheneum, or Spirit of the English ican colleges. By Mathew R. Dalton, Professor designed for the use of Schools.

of Mathematics in Yale College. Magazines. No. 1. Vol. I. New Series. Seventeen Discourses on Several Texts of Scripture; addressed to Christian Assemblies in

BY R. P. &. C. WILLIAMS,

The Publishers of this Gazette furnish, Villages near Cambridge. To which are added,

Boston. Six Morning Exercises. By Robert Robinson.

on liberal terms, every book and every First American edition.

RATIONAL Illustration of the Book

A An Introduction to Algebra. By War- of Common Prayer of the Church of England; periodical work of any value which America

being the substance of every thing Liturgical in affords. They have regular correspondents, ren Colburn. "Arithmetic ; being a Sequel to First Les- Bishop Sparrow..Mer FoEstrangimealises Comber, and make up orders on the tenth of every

Nichols, and all , commentasons in Arithmetic. By Warren Colburn.

tors, or others upon the same subject; collected month for England and France, and freSaratoga ; a Tale of the Revolution. In and reduced into one continued and regular meth- quently for Germany and Italy, and import

od, and interspersed all along with new observaHobomok; a Tale of Early Times. By tions. By Charles Wheatley, A. M. Vicar of from thence to order one or more copies of an American.

Brent and Furneaux, in Hertfordshire. Improved any work for a moderate commission ; and

by Notes drawn from a comparison with Shepherd BY LINCOLN AND EDMANDS,

and other writers of the Liturgy, adapting this edi- they would remark, that their orders are

tion to the present state of the Protestant Episco- executed by gentlemen who are well qualiBoston. Child's Assistant in the Art of Read-1 pal Church in America, without any alteration of fied to select the best editions, and that

the original ing, being a Collection of Pieces suited to the ritum colendi. Exod. xviii. 20. Vul. — From the they are purchased at the lowest prices capacity of Children, and well adapted for Prima- Oxford edition.

for cash. All new publications in any way ry Schools.

The work will be comprised in twenty-three Temple's Arithmetic, revised and improv- Numbers of twenty-four pages, printed page for noticed in this Gazette, they have for sale ed, by J. Robinson, Jun.

page with the last Oxford edition, with Notes, not or can procure on quite as good terms as The Pronouncing Bible. Royal 12mo.

exceeding one number in addition, and delivered those of their respective publishers.
to subscribers at twelve and a half cents each, pay-
able on delivery.

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD & Co.
FOR CHARLES EWER,
Boston,

BY SAMUEL T. ARMSTRONG,
CAMPBELL'S Four Gospels.

CAMBRIDGE :

Boston.
Liber Primus.
PROFESSION is not Principle; or, The

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, Boswell's Life of Johnson.

Name of Christian is not Christianity. By the Pope's Poetical works. author of “The Decision."

HILLIARD AND METCALF.

iwo vols.

THE

BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.---Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
VOL. I.
BOSTON, APRIL 16, 1824.

No. 2.

a

[ocr errors]

REVIEWS.

of the Romans in the West. Under a total new care and pains. For these subjects

change of national character, manners, and have a close connexion with practice. It Reflections on the Politics of Ancient Greece, religion, Aristotle, Galen, and Euclid were | is common with one class of Christians to

translated from the German of Arnold H. still more respected at Bagdad, than they say that doctrinal subjects are unimportant. L Heeren : By George Bancroft. Bos- had been at Athens or Rome. Our modern We speak merely now in a practical sense, ton. 1824. 8vo.

learning is not less Grecian in its main when we ask, what is more important? It has been well remarked by Lessing, complexion and tendency. When ostensi- The opinions, which a man entertains on in confirmation of the claims of the Scrip- bly occupied with the remains of Roman the interpretation of certain passages in tures on our attention, that, in addition to literature, the superior importance of the the Scriptures and the Church Fathers, every higher consideration, they deserve Grecian is still apparent. This attractive powerfully affect his standing in society, in our notice, as the subject which has most power of Grecian letters, which has made most of the countries of Europe and in our exercised the thoughts of the human mind. them so nearly the centre of intellectual own. The Duke of Norfolk is the oldest, one More has been thought, spoken, and written accomplishments, has not been confined to of the richest, and, in parliamentary influupon them, and subjects connected with letters. The historical traditions and po- ence, the most powerful nobleman in Engthem, than upon any thing else. A greater litical institutions of Greece have maintain- land. He nominates to the House of Comcomparison and accumulation of human ed nearly an equal ascendency. The events mons the six members for Steyning, Arunopinion, reasoning, and feeling, have taken of the Grecian history are more frequently del, and Horsham, and he influences the place in respect to them, than with regard quoted than all others, contained in profane election of the five for Hereford, Carlisle, to any other subject :-nor is there any one annals; and almost all political disquisition and Shoreham. And yet, since he interpoint on which man can be compared with not avowedly abstract, resolves itself into prets Matthew xxvi. 26, and a few other man, in different periods and regions, which speculation on the Grecian forms of gov- texts, differently from the convocation would furnish so good a relative estimate of ernment, or the principles developed in who established the articles of the English his character and progress. What has been their various constitutions.

church, he is excluded from the House of thus justly remarked by the German critic While these circumstances prove the Lords. The political study of antiquity on the subject of the Scriptures, is true, great importance of ancient Greece, in its presents no examples, perhaps, so direct of perhaps, in the next degree of ancient connexion with human improvement, they the connexion of a man's speculative opinGreece, in the full comprehenson of that create proportionate difficulty in forming ions with his condition in actual life. But term. Ancient Greece, its history, institu- impartial opinions, on most of the leading indirectly the connexion exists and opetions, literature, and arts, may be regarded points, brought into question in the study rates. The opinions, which monarchs, in the literary world, in much the same of its history, institutions, and literature. ministers, and statesmen form on many toplight of pre-eminence, in which the religion It is the inevitable effect of the long con- ics, seemingly speculative, are often proof the Scriptures stands in the moral world. tinued attention bestowed from age to age ductive of mighty effects in real life. The On Greece, and the subjects attached by by great multitudes of minds on leading statesman, it is true, is not examined as to association to it, the time, attention, and subjects of inquiry and speculation, to sub- his opinions of the character of Demosthethoughts of the cultivated classes of man, stitute for the real nature of things, new, nes and the designs of Philip; but his confrom the Romans downward, have been artificial, ingenious views of them which victions on the alternative of liberty and more employed than on any other, with the owe their origin merely to the imagination. power, his interpretation of the greai docexception already made. The Romans of The modern philosophy tells us(how justly we trines of deputed authority and popular education formed an early acquaintance do not now inquire), that it is our own minds right, will decide, in almost every country, with Greek learning. Their rhetoricians which create all the qualities in external where he is to rank in society; or if he be, and philosophical instructers were Greeks; objects which we fancy that we discern in by privilege of birth, in a powerful station, all the terms of art employed, even in the them; nay, to go the whole length, that it this interpretation may affect the condition study of Latin eloquence, were Greek; is our own minds, which create the exter- of whole states. and Athens was the holy land of intellec- nal objects themselves. However wild this We make these remarks in some degree tual pilgrimage. The perusal of Cicero's species of metaphysics may be, it is very to illustrate the importance of the new epistles alone is sufficient to prove, that the true that, in all the different sects of re- work on the Politics of Ancient Greece. Greek language was to the well-educated ligion, schools of literature, and parties in “ The politics of ancient Greece,” cries the Romans more a second and dignified ver- politics—though the materials on which statesman of caucuses and central commitnacular tongue, than a foreign language. they act be the same-the results are so tees, “ fine politics indeed for men of this Many Romans wrote Greek works: Cicero different, as to show well, that what men age! Tell us of the politics of Massachuhimself did it, and his friend Atticus also; are thought to have learned, they have in- setts or Virginia ; let us know whether and had the Greek History of the Etrus- vented :—what they would discover in an- the tariff will succeed in the Senate; or cans, by the Emperor Claudius, survived to cient authors is the device of their own if General Jackson is likely to be Presithe present day, it would probably have minds; the religious rite, which they trace dent. That we call politics. The politics given that monarch a celebrity, which he to apostolic antiquity, is an institution of ancient Greece, forsooth! Tell us, if has not acquired from the Roman purple. which has been gradually formed in the you please, of the politics of Great Britain, In the middle ages, the Greek mathemati-church; and the political constitution, to of South America, of the Holy Alliance; cians, physicians, and philosophers were | which they give a Greek name, has noth- nay, if needs must, of modern Greece: almost the sole masters of the human intel- ing else Grecian.

but ancient Greece,-Priam and Achilles, lect. The Greek learning maintained its From these considerations, which would Leonidas and Xerxes,—who will deliver us ascendency over the human mind, through seem to show the vanity of study bestowed from them !" the medium of the Arabic language in the on such subjects, we deduce, on the other Such observations, which we can easily conEast; as it had done before, through that hand, the importance of studying them with ceive to be made, are the remarks of men

[ocr errors]

destitute of any of that higher education, writers say, and to which the righteous country, within a few years, in the mode of which the mind, when college days are pass- reviewer alludes as “the most infamous of studying Geography, are attended with one ed, acquires for itself; education in the motives.” We only observe, that the man, obvious disadvantage. Our geographies great school of the world's recorded expe- who learns in Grecian history to call Har- contain little excepting abstract, statistical rience; education formed by observing ex- modius and Aristogiton assassins, and the views. These are the proper elements of tensive analogies, and by weighing princi- beautiful verses in their praise a vile revo- the science, but they furnish little that is ples in the balance of other men and other lutionary song, will certainly think that the interesting to children. We are under the times; education to those great and gener- North American revolution was a wicked necessity of inventing a variety of methods ous sentiments, which fill the bosom almost rebellion, that the desolate plain of Old to facilitate the study, not so much because to bursting, while we dwell on those few Sarum ought to send two members to Par- it is difficult, as because it is uninteresting. Avatars of the spirit of liberty, which the liament, and that the Grand Seignior is the The descriptions are too general and too annals of our race relate. Of this educa- legitimate sovereign of Greece. We feel short to gratify curiosity; and when this is tion, a considerable part of the active and no more doubt, than if we had it under his known, they cease to excite it. They do leading portion of the community here and own hand, that this reviewer esteems the not occupy the mind long enough, to bring elsewhere is destitute. They read nothing, Inquisition “a venerable institution of the any of its powers into very active service; they reflect on nothing. Absorbed in busi- Spanish monarchy."

and hence the impressions are indistinct ness, swallowed up with professional cares It is, more especially, with reference to and readily effaced. We do not, however, and duties, they have no time for any thing the state of liberty among the Greeks, that object to the present mode of studying geogbut what assumes, in some degree, the form the work of Mr Heeren makes a seasona- raphy; so far as it extends, it is certainly of a professional duty or care; and the ble appearance in qur language. Mr Mit- good. Indeed, the progress we have made great work of administering the civil af- ford, with mild feelings and a perfectly in this science within ten years, has been fairs of mighty states and growing millions gentlemanly spirit, has uniformly pleaded very great, and it is now a very popular is undertaken without a day's avowed pre- the cause of arbitrary power among the study. Of the works which preceded paration ; and with hearts, to which the Greeks, and given the most unfavourable Cummings' Geography, we shall say nothvery name of a generous affection is matter view of their democracy. There is really ing. When that appeared, it rendered of scorn.

so much good nature evinced in his able what relates to the absolute and relative It needs not be said that ancient Greece work, that notwithstanding the frightful in situation of places easily attainable. This is the school, where the politician may find ference to which it is designed to lead-that was what we most needed, and no progress some of those lessons which he requires, and men in society ought not to govern them- can be made without it. Other works have where the really great politicians have found selves—you see in it only a customary defer- succeeded, rendering this part of the scithem. It is a remark, which may be confirm- ence payed by an Englishman to aristocratic ence much more accurate, and containing ed by a very long induction, that the course principles, as to a part of the established several important additions of statistical and part which a man will take in the grea system of his country. But Heeren's work information, but retaining the same general controversies of modern politics, may be is written in a much better tone ; not that of character. It is best they should still retain judged of by the opinions he entertains of a champion and an apologist, but that of a it; but it should be remembered that they those of Greece. A striking instance has man who gathers traits of greatness with a furnish only a basis for something more lately suggested itself to us. In the last kindred feeling; who sees in the patriotic interesting. We want to know more of a number of the Quarterly Review-a num- exploits, the admirable literature, and beau- country than its latitude, longitude, and ber, not disgraced, but characterized by a tiful arts of Greece, testimonies more deci- dimensions, that it is level or mountainous, pitiful libel on America-we find this sen- sive of the excellence of their institutions cold or hot, that the inhabitants are black tence:-“To us, indeed, who have no great in the main, than the opposite language of or white, christians, mahometans, or pataste for assassination, even though execut- their popular excesses. However, we do gans, and that they sell corn and beef, and ed by a sword hid in the myrtle boughs not recommend the work, that converts buy tea and sugar. We want the true which graced one of the most beautiful of may be made by it; for it is really written characteristics, the real manners and custhe Grecian processions; to us, with whom in no spirit of proselytism. We recom- toms and principles of every nation, with the song of Harmodius and Aristogiton, mend it because it contains profound origi- such an account of their country as will though written in better metre* than the nal views ;—the fruits of much learning make us acquainted with them at their own • Marseillois hymn,' and in language less with the display of a very little; and a ju- homes. All who have devoted much attenvulgar than the “Tragala, perro,' of modern dicious selection of topics out of the great tion to the higher parts of this science, days, is not a whit the less a vile revolu- mass of Grecian history and tradition. Mit- regard it as highly interesting ; but it retionary song, giving the noblest of names to ford must still be read; and it is to those ceives very much less attention than it one of the most detestable of deeds, origin- who read him that Mr Heeren's work will merits. Why is it that history is so much ating in the most infamous of motives; to prove both most useful and most interest- more esteemed than geography ? Is it persons of this way of thinking, the first ing.

indeed far more important to know what wearer of the name (Aristogiton) had left The translation of this work by Mr has been than what is? It may well be an abomination upon it, which it required Bancroft is very good ;-Sar better than believed that a reading community will no successor to the appellation to augment.” the translations usually made from German one day cease to prefer tales ten thousand We shall not dispute with this temperate into English. It is the performance of a man times told—and often with questionable writer whether Harmodius and Aristogi- who understands not only the language but profit-to works which make us accurately ton conspired against the life of Hippias the subject. To prepare it was an honour and intimately acquainted with our cotemand Hipparchus, as tyrants and unlawful able employment of honourable leisure. poraries. Give us good works of this char rulers, as most accounts state, and as the And parents, who love their children, may acter, and they will not long remain idle. Athenian people implied, when they erect- well feel happy that they can send them The book before us is of this kind, and ed a monument to them in the Ceramicus, to a school, which bears fruit like this, in the success it has already met with, proves “ because they bad slain the tyrant and giv- the brief hours of relaxation which its con- the demand which existed for it. The dilen EQUAL Laws to Athens;" or whether it ductors spare themselves.

igence and fidelity of the author have been was a movement of private indignation on

well attested by his Gazetteers and Eleaccount of the seduction of the sister of

ments of Geography. His reputation for Harmodius by Hippias, as the best ancient Sketches of the Earth and its Inhabitants

, accuracy is certainly merited ; and we

with one hundred engravings. By J. E. know not whether it is necessary even to * The criticism of this learned Theban is as

Worcester, A. A. S. Boston, 1823. 2 vols. remind him, that his obligations to great cirvaluable as his politics. The song in question is

12mo. an inartificial compilation of four different verses

cumspection increase with his reputation. by different authors, and partly in different metres. The changes which have been made in our The Sketches consist of descriptions of

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »