Imágenes de páginas





“ Look on this beautiful world, and read the truth Through the still lapse of ages. All that tread summer's heat; and both in summer and In her fair page; see, every season brings

The globe are but a handful to the tribes winter we clothe ourselves rather for an New change, to her, of everlasting youth ;

That slumber in its bosom.

English than an American season.

But a Still the green soil, with joyous living things,

much more serious misconception is that, Swarms, the wide air is full of joyous wings, So shalt thou rest--and what if thou shalt fall And myriads, still, are happy in the sleep Unnoticed by the living--and no friend

which takes for granted a similarity in poOf Ocean's azure gulfs, and where he flings Take note of thy departure ? All that breathe

litical and moral condition. The books, The restless surge. Eternal Love doth keep, Will share thy destiny. The gay will laugh which we read and approve, on theoretical In his complacent arms, the earth, the air, the deep. When thou art gone, the solemn brood of care politics, were written in countries wholly

Plod on, and each one as before will chase * Will then the merciful One, who stamped our His favourite phantom; yet all these shall leave or nearly stationary in numbers and wealth. race

Their mirth and their employments, and shall The political maxims, which pass undisputWith his own image, and who gave them sway

ed into our minds, have been established O’er earth, and the glad dwellers on her face, And make their bed with thee. As the long train under a different kind of experience, and Now that our flourishing nations far away

Of ages glide away, the sons of men,

therefore furnish no guide to us. Nay Are spread, where'er the moist earth drinks the

The youth in life's green spring, and he who goes more, as our situation and circumstances day,

In the full strength of years, matron, and maid, Forget the ancient care that taught and nursed

The bowed with age, the infant in the smiles

are constantly changing, our numbers His latest offspring ? will he quench the ray And beauty of its innocent age cut off,-

rapidly multiplying, and our resources daily Infus'd by his own forming smile at first,

Shall one by one be gathered to thy side,

disclosing themselves, it is difficult rightly And leave a work so fair all blighted and accursed ? By those, who in their turn shall follow them. to interpret even our own experience. Far

So live, that when thy summons comes to join from listening merely to the truth and “ Oh no! a thousand cheerful omens give

The innumerable caravan, that moves Hope of yet happier days whose dawn is nigh; To the pale realms of shade, where each shall take the fact of today, we cannot thoroughly He, who has tamed the elements, shall not live His chamber in the silent halls of death,

reason on American politics, without wisely The slave of his own passions; he whose eye Thou go not, like the quarry-slave at night calculating what will be the fact and what Unwinds the eternal dances of the sky,

Scourged to his dungeon, but sustained and soothed will be the truth fifty or one hundred years And in the abyss of brightness dares to span By an unfaltering trust, approach thy grave, hence. The sun's broad circle, rising yet more high, Like one who wraps the drapery of his couch In God's magnificent works his will shall scan- About him, and lies down to pleasant dreams."

Let us make the application of this reAnd Love and Peace shall make their paradise with

mark to the subject of our national debt. man."

No one needs be asked to reflect, that the

burden of a debt depends upon its relaAmong the smaller pieces, we are most


tion to the resources of the debtor. In pleased with that “ To a Waterfowl ;" but it has been so often quoted, we dare not ON THE GROWTH OF THE UNITED STATES OF hangs round one man's neck like a mill

private life, a debt of one hundred dollars extract it. Perhaps we have quoted enough

stone, while his wealthy neighbour borrows already; the book must be in many of the

The rapid increase of population and the a hundred thousand dollars, to help make hands into which we should wish our Ga

The little debt zette to fall, but there cannot be any who great accumulation of wealth, in this coun-up a profitable voyage. would be unwilling to read again a part of try, have been often enough the topics of may be ruinous to the one, the great debt the last piece in the volume, entitled remark. We have all frequently heard that may be advantageously contracted by the

our population has doubled in the period of other. If by any turn of the wheel of for“ Thanatopsis.”

about twenty-three years, since the earliest tune, the poor fellow, who is ruined by his * To him who in the love of Nature holds settlement of the country. We have all, debt of one hundred dollars, could come Communion with her visible forms, she speaks with more or less attention, contemplated into possession of one hundred thousand, his A various language; for his gayer hours

the tide of emigration, which is constantly former debt of course would be in the last She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty ; and she glides

carrying this population westward, filling degree insignificant. Now our country is in Into his darker musings, with a mild

the new States and yet not exhausting the possession of a fund of rapidly increasing And gentle sympathy, that steals away

old. We have become familiar with the national wealth. This fund consists in the Their sharpness, ere he is aware. When thoughts spectacle of regions, which, but a genera- almost indefinite capacity of increase in Of the last bitter hour come like a blight tion ago, were an almost uninhabited wil- numbers and of multiplication of resources. Over thy spirit, and sad images Of the stern agony, and shroud, and pall,

derness, now not only the abode but the In the year 1850, there is no reason to And breathless darkness, and the narrow house, nursery of men, from which other regions, doubt that this country, instead of ten milMake thee to shudder, and grow sick at heart;

farther distant in the boundless west, are in lions of inhabitants, will contain twenty Go forth under the open sky, and list

their turn receiving their inhabitants,—to a millions, each of whom will, in the averTo Nature's teachings, while from all around- degree to authorize the striking remark in age, be as wealthy as each one of the presEarth and her waters, and the depths of air,

the late powerful speech of Mr. Clay on in- ent population. There is no reason to Comes a still voice-Yet a few days, and thee The all-beholding sun shall see no more

ternal improvements, that “the greatest mi- doubt this; and the whole experience of In all his course, nor yet in the cold ground, grating States in the Union at this time, the country furnishes reasons to admit it. Where thy pale form was laid, with many tears, are Kentucky first, Ohio next, and Tennes- Thus then, in the year 1950 one half of the Nor in the embrace of ocean shall exist see next."

debt of the United States will be paid off, Thy image.

But though the United States have been though its nominal amount may remain the Yet not to thy eternal resting place

and still are in a state of astonishing pro- same as it is now; that is to say, the peoShalt thou retire alone-nor couldst thou wish

gress, to which the world affords no paral-ple of the United States, who owe this Couch more magnificent. Thou shalt lie down lel,-a progress impossible, underinstitutions sum, will be a body twice as numerous, With patriarchs of the infant world—with kings less free, or geographical conditions less and composed of individuals, on the averThe powerful of the earth—the wise, the good, propitious,—we think that the influence of age, each as wealthy. Fair forms, and hoary seers of ages past, this growth, actual and prospective, has not This one reflection, of a nature obvious All in one mighty sepulchre.—The hills Rock-ribbed and ancient as the sun,—the vales

been sufficiently studied. It we mistake enough to approve itself even to a hasty Stretching in pensive quietness between; not, several consequences of high practical reader, will suffice to show the wonderful feThe venerable woods-rivers that move importance result immediately from it, which licity of our situation. Could any statesman In majesty, and the complaining brooks have not been as yet duly estimated and lay claim to the glory of having, by an act of That inake the meadows green ; and poured round borne in mind. It has been justly said that, policy, a judicious investment, a fortunate

all, Old ocean's grey and melancholy waste -

as far as climate goes, our forefathers commutation of stocks, reduced a public Are but the solemn decorations all

brought with them, and their children have debt of one hundred millions to fifty milOf the great tomb of man. The golden sun,

preserved, the manners and modes of life lions, in the space of twenty-three or four The planets, all the infinite host of heaven, of a different region. We build our houses years, without any tax upon the people, diAre shining on the sad abodes of death, too slightly to resist the winter's cold or the rect or indirect, and without the appropria

tion of a cent of their money, he would | nation of customers, therefore, not in being which have our vast quantity of unoccupied pass rather as the inventer of the philoso- when its wheels began to move eleven land, acting as a constant stimulus to popupher's stone, than as a skilful financier. years ago, has since sprung into exist- lation; nor any country where a populaAnd yet this effect has been and is producence. A population, as large as that of tion, doubling every twenty-three years, is ed by the simple progress of our country; the thirteen United States when they es constantly employed in extracting abundby the mere healthful action of its political tablished their independence, has in the ance from a boundless extent of soil. Still

, organization.

short space of thirteen years risen up and however, in many of the countries of EuIn saying, however, that every twenty-three calls aloud for cheap cottons. Is there any rope strong principles of improvement are or four years the population of this country is thing in diplomacy like this? to add three at work; and consequently of increase in doubled and its aggregate amount of wealth millions of a vigorous kindred population wealth. In England, the great perfection doubled also, it is plain we are far, very far to our country in thirteen years ;-not on to which the mechanical arts have been within bounds, as it concerns the latter. a distant coast, not in a ceded province, brought within seventy years, and the inThe increase of the wealth of this country not to be kept subject to us by regiments crease of wealth resulting from this and is going on in a ratio of astonishing magni- of bayonets; but brethren, within our bor- some other causes, have produced effects tude. We may easily convince ourselves ders, friends, countrymen, to bear with us almost as important as those which, in this of this, by looking either at our cities or our the public burdens, and share the public country, we trace to the mere healthy acvillages; on our Atlantic coasts, or in our blessings.

tion of our system. The author of the arwestern regions. The number and size of To revert then to the train of reasoning ticle, to which we have alluded, in the the dwelling-houses, the public edifices, the from which we started, it is plain, that, if, Edinburgh Review, has made use of this tonnage, the stores in the cities ;—the in consideration of our duplication in num circumstance to save the credit of Hume's steam-boats, bridges, canals, roads; the ag- bers attended only by a corresponding du- prediction, relative to a national bankruptricultural stock of all kinds; the factories; plication of national wealth, our public cy, when the debt should amount to one the quantity of land cleared and clear- debt may be looked on as half paid off at hundred millions of pounds. The author of ing,—if estimated at the same periods with the end of twenty-three or four years, this article says this event has been kept the population, will be found to have ad- when we consider that our national wealth off

, not by the efficacy of the funding sysvanced with a far more rapid progression. increases much more rapidly than this, the tem, but by the Arkwrights, Watts, &c. This increase will go on for ages,—not burden of the public debt will decline much But the true principle we take to be that, equally in all the things we have enumerat- more rapidly also. The number of fertile which we have stated already, that increase ed; for the very causes, which check it in acres over which the burden is equalized, the of national wealth is diminution of national some, will promote it in others. As the in- number of vigorous and industrious arms debt. It admits little doubt that England is crease of population in the new countries able to contribute toward defraying the ten times richer than she was when Hume declines by their becoming filled up, the in- public charges, is increasing in stupend- made his prediction : although it may be crease of another species of wealth, manufac- ous progression.

granted that he went too far, in saying that turing or commercial, will begin. But, upon Without yielding any apology for public a debt of one hundred millions, even in the the whole, an almost indefinite multiplica- extravagance,—for which nothing can apol- middle of the last century, would have protion of national resources will be going on. ogise ; the state of things, to which we have duced a bankruptcy in England. If EngThe means, by which this multiplication will adverted, shows the propriety of permitting | land is ten times richer than when Hume be effected, are very various. In one in the existence of a moderate and well regu- made his prophecy, then, as her debt does stance, a treaty gives us a vast tract of lated funding system in this country. An not amount to ten times one hundred milland; and judicious laws to settle its land ingenious essay is contained in the last num- lions of pounds, the case, which he puts, has titles will throw open the flood gates of ber of the Edinburgh Review, of which the not yet occurred. How much farther the emigration. In another case, it will seem object is to show the vicious policy of rais- debt of that nation may run, without bankto be the steam-boat, which, by presenting ing money by loans, instead of by supplies ruptcy, is matter of doubt. Upon the the means of breasting an impetuous current, within the year. In a stationary or in a very whole, we think there is little reason to will connect the source and the mouth of slowly advancing state, the loan policy is of charge Hume, on this occasion, with exrivers four thousand miles in length. In course entirely delusive, incapable of di- travagant miscalculation. another case, it is a fortunate discovery of minishing the burden of the public charg- The mighty increase of our country in a machine like the saw-gin, which has of es, and is carried to great lengths must numbers and wealth, admits several other itself centupled the wealth of the cotton- end in national bankruptcy, if not in revo- applications ; at which, however, we have growing States. In another instance, the lution. But in a country whose wealth is room only to hint. noble enterprise of a canal will, as it were, rapidly increasing, it is a sound and good The intellectual character of a nation turn the continent inside out, and bring policy to divide the burden of an extraor- and of an age results of course from the its centre to the sea coast, within the reach dinary conjuncture of affairs, not merely combined action and mutual reaction of the of the trade of the world. In these and with a posterity as able as ourselves to pay individuals who compose them. In a country innumerable other ways, to be devised and it, but far richer, far abler. This principle whose numbers are very slowly increasing, executed by the ever-active ingenuity and is constantly acted upon in private life. How are stationary, or are declining, the rising the awakened sagacity of a free people, many of our young men procure their edu- and risen generations are equally balanced; the wealth of this country is growing be- cation at an expense far beyond their imme- and an easy transmission of manners and yond the power of figuring to estimate: diate resources, and to be defrayed out of opinions, as of hereditary titles, fortunes, and with it the size of all markets of de- the fruits of their industry in life. The and domains, is made from father to son. inand and of supply will increase in the term posterity hardly applies to a prosper. The case is very different in a country, same ratio. This calculation already be- ous and growing nation. It is the same where every period of ten years makes gins to be made by our intelligent manu- political and social organization, stronger new divisions in society ; where new towns, facturers. Ask them if they are not afraid and richer, better able to make efforts, and counties, and states are continually springof overstocking the market; and, while to bear burdens. Such a posterity surely is ing up; where men are born, not to a nar. they admit indeed that such a thing is pos- not wronged by being made to bear a part row inheritance of obsolete functions, but sible, they bid you nevertheless remember, of the burden of revolutions and wars, to to go out into new regions, and be the legthat this market is expanding with wonder which it owes its privileges.

islators and the chieftains of rising generasul rapidity. Since the Waltham factory In thus setting forth the astonishing pro- tions; where new prizes for industry are was established in 1813, the population of gress of our own country, in numbers and perpetually offered; new markets for trade the United States has increased three mil- wealth, we of course do not mean to say opened; new conjunctures in civil adlions; an amount equal to our whole num- that other countries are making no progress. ministration brought about; new positions, bers in the revolutionary war. A whole \It is true there are no countries in Europe, social, political, and moral, taken. If to


this novelty of career, we add the extraor- confidence. The scene itself is dreadful | farther, and the light of the sun no longer dinary life and activity resulting from our enough, and its natural terrors, if armed shone upon us. There was a grave-like rapid growth, and the earnestness of com- with the persuasion that our design cannot twilight, which enabled us to see our way, petition, which will spring from it, we have be accomplished, will inevitably defeat it. when the irregular blasts of wind drove the reason to predict that our country will It is a general impression, that, to go un- water from us; but most of the time it was make a call on the efforts of her sons, der the falls, we must walk upon the level, blown upon us from the sheet with such such as has scarce ever been felt in any where they spend their fury, and within fury that every drop seemed a sting, and other region. It will ere long, if it does arm's length of the torrent; but it is not in such quantities that the weight was alnot already, demand an enterprise, an en-so; our path lies upon the top of a bank at most insupportable. My situation was disergy, a courage, a manliness of character least thirty feet above the bottom of the tracting ; it grew darker at every step, and froin its children, proportioned, not merely abyss, and as far in a horizontal line from in addition to the general tremor with to the extent of its territories, but to the the course of the falls, and close under the which every thing in the neighbourhood of indefinitely increasing numbers of its think. immense rock which supports them. This Niagara is shuddering, I could feel the ing, reasoning, voting men. The old spe- bank overhangs us, as one side of an irreg- shreds and splinters of the rock yield as I cifics for strong government, the sword and ular arch, of which the corresponding side seized them for support, and my feet were the axe, will be here of no avail: and those is formed by the sheet of water; and thus, continually slipping upon the slimy stones. who administer our affairs will be required instead of groping our way at the foot of a I was obliged, more than once, to have reto bring to their duty a singleness and a dis- narrow passage, we stand mounted in a stu- course to the prescription of the guide to interestedness of purpose, as well as a pow. pendous cavern.

cure my giddiness, and though I would have er and skill, not called for from the inmates On a fine morning in August last, soon given the world to retrace my steps, I felt of the luxurious cabinets of Europe. What after sunrise, I set out with a friend and a myself following his darkened figure, vanwill be the character of the next age in guide to visit this sublime scene. The first ishing before me, as the maniac, faithful to this country is to be decided, not by pre- thing to be done, after descending the tow- the phantoms of his illusion, pursues it to scriptions descending from the former, but er of steps, is to strip ourselves of all cloth- his doom. All my faculties of terror scemby the direction, which may be taken by ing, except a single covering of linen, and ed strained to their extreme, and my mind twice as many active minds as now exist in a silk handkerchief tied light over the ears. lost all sensation, except the sole idea of the country, influencing, modifying, and This costume, with the addition of a pair of an universal, prodigious, and unbroken mobalancing each other. We are much in pumps, is the court-dress of the palace of tion. the wrong if the effect of this state of Niagara.

Although the noise exceeded by far the things be not, to give new importance in We passed about fifty rods under the Ta- extravagance of my anticipation, I was in education, to the study of human nature ble rock, beneath whose brow and crumb- some degree prepared for this. I expected and to the arts more immediately exercised ling sides we could not stop to shudder, our too, the loss of breath from the compresin social intercourse, and to throw into the minds were at once so excited and oppress- sion of the air, though not the suffocation shade the merely speculative and learned ed, as we approached that eternal gateway, of the spray; but the wind, the violence of acquisitions.

which nature has built of the motionless the wind exceeding, as I thought, in swiftrock and the rushing torrent, as a fitting ness and power the most desolating hurri

entrance to her most awful magnificence. cane-how came the wind there? There, MISCELLANY.

We turned a jutting corner of the rock, and too, in such violence and variety, as if it the chasm yawned upon us. The noise of were the cave of Æolus in rebellion. One

the cataract was most deafening; its head- would think that the river above, fearful of The thoughts are strange,which crowd into my brain, long grandeur rolled from the very skies; the precipice to which it was rushing, in While I look upward to thee. It would seem

we were drenched by the overflowings of the folly of its desperation, had seized As if God poured thee from his hollow hand,

the stream; our breath was checked by the with giant arms upon the upper air, and in And hung his bow upon thy awful front, And spoke in that loud voice

which seemed to him violence of the wind, which for a moment its half-way course abandoned it in agony. Who dwelt in Patmos for his Saviour's sake, scattered away the clouds of spray, when a We now came opposite a part of the sheet, The sound of many waters; and thy flood full view of the torrent, raining down its which was thinner, and of course lighter. Had bidden chronicle the ages back,

diamonds in infinite profusion, opened upon The guide stopped, and pointed upwards ; And notch his centuries in the eternal rocks.

us. Nothing could equal the flashing bril- I looked—and beheld the sun, “ shorn of his Deep calleth unto deep. And what are we, Who hear this awful questioning; O what

liancy of the spectacle. The weight of beams" indeed, and so quenched with the Are all the stirring notes that ever rang

the falling waters made the very rock be- multitudinous waves, that his faint rays From war's vain trumpet, by thy thundering side ! neath us tremble, and from the cavern that shed but a pale and silvery hue upon the Yea, what is all the riot man can make

received them issued a roar, as if the con- cragged and ever humid walls of the cavIn his short life, to thy unceasing roar!

fined spirits of all who had ever been ern. And yet, bold babbler, what art thou to Him Who drowned a world, and heaped the waters far drowned, joined in an united scream for

Nothing can be looked at steadily beAbove its loftiest mountains ? light wave,

help! Here we stood, -in the very jaws neath Niagara. The hand must constantly That breaks and whispers of its Maker's might. of Niagara,-deafened by an uproar, whose guard the eyes against the showers which

tremendous din seemed to fall upon the ear are forced from the main body of the fall, Notwithstanding the number of people, in tangible and ceaseless strokes, and sur- and the head must be constantly averted who constantly visit Niagara from all parts rounded by an unimaginable and oppressive from a steady position, to escape the sudof the country, yet there are, with whom grandeur. My mind recoiled from the im- den and vehement blasts of wind. One is it is matter of some doubt, whether a man mensity of the tumbling tide; and thought constantly exposed to the sudden rising of may go beneath the falls, and live. Many, of time and of eternity, and felt that noth- the spray, which bursts up like smoke from when they look upon this scene, are over- ing but its own immortality could rise against a furnace, till it fills the whole cavern, and come with terror and cannot approach it. the force of such an element.

then, condensed with the rapidity of steam, Others, of firmer nerves, venture into the The guide now stopped to take breath. is precipitated in rain ; in addition to which, ancillary droppings of this queen of waters, He told us, by hollooing in our ears at the there is no support but flakes of the rock, and, confounded by the noise, wind, and top of his voice, “ that we must turn our which are constantly dropping off; and spray, and still more by their own imagina- heads away from the spray when it blew nothing to stand upon but a bank of loose tion, scramble into daylight, fully persuad-against us, draw the hand downwards over stones covered with innumerable eels. ed'they could not have lived there a mo- the face if we felt giddy, and not rely too Still there are moments when the eye, at ment longer.

much on the loose pieces of rock.” With one glance, can catch a glimpse of this But effectually to achieve this perform- these instructions he began to conduct us, magnificent saloon. On one side the enorance, it is only necessary that we have one by one, beneath the sheet. A few steps I mouse ribs of the precipice arch themselves




the past.


He had tasted of the water of Zemzeim holy well, with Gothic grandeur more than one hun. Yet feared to alight on the guarded ground.

And could read the monarch's magic ring, and speak dred feet above our heads, with a rotten- And, when the shadows of twilight came, I have seen the hyena's eyes of flame,

the direful spell. ness more threatening than the waters un. And heard at my side his stealthy tread, der which they groan. From their summit But aye at my shout the savage fed ;

And there he watched, that aged man, till they had is projected, with incalculable intensity, a And I threw the lighted brand, to fright

Calpe past,

And saw, with eye of boding gloom, the land recedsilvery flood, in which the sun seems to The jackal and wolf that yelled in the night.

ing fast. dance like a fire-fly. Beneath, is a chasm

Ye were foully murdered, my hapless sons, “Blow, blow ye winds, and waft us far from Xeres' of death; an anvil, upon which the hamBy the hands of wicked and cruel ones;

glorious plain, mers of the cataract beat with unsparing Ye fell, in your fresh and blooming prime, Then be ye calm, while I pronounce a Moor's and remorseless might; an abyss of wrath, All innocent, for your father's crime.

curse on Spain. where the heaviest damnation might find He sinned—but he paid the price of his guilt When his blood by a nameless hand was spilt;

“ Thou did'st bow, Spain, for ages, beneath a Moornew torment, and howl unheard.

ish yoke, We had now penetrated to the inmost When he strove with the heathen host in vain,

And save Asturia's mountain sons, there were none
And fell with the flower of his people slain,
A pillar of the precipice juts di- And the sceptre his children's hands should sway

to strike a stroke ; rectly out into the sheet, and beyond it no From his injured lineage passed way.

On mountain top and lowland plain, thy fate was

still the same, human foot can step, but to immediate annihilation. The distance from the edge of But I hoped that the cottage roof would be

Thy soldiers drew dull scymitars, and the crescent

overcame. the falls, to the rock which arrests our pro- And that while they ripened to manhood fast,

A safe retreat for my sons and me; gress, is said to be forty-five feet, but I do They should wean my thoughts from the woes of

“The days, which saw our martial deeds, are fled

to come no more ; not think this has ever been accurately as

A warrior monarch rules thee now, and we give the certained. The arch under which we pass- And my bosom swelled with a mother's pride,

battle o'er; ed, is evidently undergoing a rapid decay As they stood in their beauty and strength by my Abencarrage wakes not, when the battle trumpets at the bottom, while the top, unwasted, juts Tall like their sire, with the princely grace

call, out like the leaf of a table. Consequently of his stately form, and the bloom of his face.

And Abderame sleeps in death, beside th'Alham

bra's wall. a fall must happen, and, judging from its appearance, may be expected every day; and Oh, what an hour for a mother's heart,

" I leave to thee, my curse, proud Spain! a curse this is probably the only real danger in When the pitiless ruffians tore us apart !

upon thy clime; going beneath the sheet. We passed to When I clasped their knees and wept and prayed, Thou shalt be the land of dastard souls, a nursery our temporary home, through the valley And clung to my sons with desperate strength, And struggled and shrieked to heaven for aid,

of crime ;

And yet, as if to mock her sons, and make their which skirts the upper stream, among gilded Till the murderers loosed my hold at length,

dark doom worse, clouds and rainbows and wild flowers, and And bore me breathless and faint aside,

No land shall boast more glorious skies, than the felt that we had experienced a consumma- In their iron arms, while my children died.

lovely land I curse. tion of curiosity; that we had looked upon They died—and the mother that gave them birth

" Thy kings shall wear no royal type, save a diathat, than which earth could offer nothing Is forbid to cover their bones with earth.

dem alone, to the eye or heart of man more awful or The barley harvest was nodding white,

And their sovereignty by cruelty and a withering more magnificent. O. W. When my children died on the rocky height,

eye be known. And the reapers were singing on hill and plain, 'Twere waste of time to speak my curse; for, Spain, When I came to my task of sorrow and pain.

thy sons shall see,
But now the season of rain is nigh,

That magic can invoke no fiend, worse than thy
The sun is dim in the thickening sky,

kings will be.
And the clouds in sullen darkness rest,
When he hides his light at the doors of the west.

* And that blind faith, thou holdest from the Proph

et of the Cross, And he delivered them into the hands of the I hear the howl of the wind that brings

A faith thy children have profaned, and its better Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before The long drear storm on its heavy wings; But the howling wind, and the driving rain

doctrines lost; the Lord; and they fell all seven together, and

By the lords that faith shall give thee, not less shalt were put to death in the days of harvest, in the Will beat on my houseless head in vain : first days, in the beginning of barley-harvest. I shall stay, from my murdered sons to scare

thou be gored,

Because they grasp a crucifix, instead of spear and And Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah, took sackcloth, The beasts of the desert, and fowls of the air.


sword. and spread it for her upon the rock, from the begin. ning of harvest until the water dropped upon them

“ Bright eyes are in thy land, Spain, and thy virgins out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the MR EDITOR—The enclosed rhymes are at your want no charms, air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the service. your readers are as much amused with But thou art cursed to know no truth in either field by night.

2 Samuel, xxi. 9, 10.

reading such things as I am with writing them, I heart or arms;

can supply you largely with pieces like this very Their bosoms shall no pillow be, for aught is kind Hear what the desolate Rizpah said, free translation,-or rather imitation, of

or brave, As on Gibeah's rocks she watched the dead.

But lull in mere illicit love, the sensual priest and The sons of Michel before her lay,


slave. And her own fair children, dearer than they : By a death of shame they all had died,

With tearful eyes and swelling hearts, they leave Thy sway shall reach to distant lands, shall yield And were stretched on the bare rock, side by side.

Granada's gate, And Rizpah, once the loveliest of all And the wind blows fair to waft their barks across But a burning and a bloody sword, shall thy scep

thee gold and gem, That bloomed and smiled in the court of Saul,

the narrow strait;

tre be o'er them, All wasted with watching and famine now, They have hoisted sail

, and they are gone, -the Till vengeance meet the murderous bands, from And scorched by the sun her haggard brow,

last of all the Moors,

thine accursed shore, Sat, mournfully guarding their corpses there,

Whom bigot zeal hath banished from their much. And give them of the land they seek,-a grave of And murmured a strange and solemn air;

loved Spanish shores.

clotted gore." The low, heart-broken, and wailing strain Of a mother that mourns her children slain. The remnants of those warlike tribes, who trode on

Spanish necks,

The Guadalquiver's banks shall be divested of

their pride, I have made the crags my home, and spread Whom, name you to Castilian ears, if you delight The castles of our valiant race deck no more the On their desert backs my sackcloth bed;

to vex; I have eaten the bitter herb of the rocks, Now broken, not by sword and spear, but papal And Ruin's mouldering hand shall sweep to Spain's

mountain side, And drank the midnight dew in my locks;

racks alone, I have wept till I could not weep, and the pain They go, to found, where Dido reigned, another And all her fertile regions weep the exile of the

remotest shore, Of my burning eyeballs went to my brain.

Moslem throne.


J. Seven blackened corpses before me lie, In the blaze of the sun and the winds of the sky. There stood upon the deck a Moor, who had to We do assure friend J. that his rhymes are very I have watched them through the burning day,

Mecca been,

acceptable to us, and, we doubt not, will be so to And driven the vulture and raven away;

Whose hoary hair proclaimed his years beyond the public; wherefore we will thank him for all he And the cormorant wheeled in circles round,

three score and ten.

may choose to send. ED.



every obstacle in the way of scientific exertion, | sisting of ballets and pieces of other kinds. INTELLIGENCE.

but at the same time rejoice that the sciences are suc- The different theatrical establishments at

cessfully cultivated in America by the scholars of which these productions were brought out, In the “General Gazette” of October, a kindred nation, whom we would assist and encourage.

are thirteen in number; the smallest num1821, we find a notice of several American

“The esteemed author of No. 1 and 2 proceeds ber of new pieces appertaining to either of productions. As that journal has for its in the first article, from the apparent necessity of these establishments, was three, and the contributors some of the most eminent Ger- having a uniform method of expressing sounds, by largest thirty six. The list of authors enman scholars of the age, it cannot but be writing in all those languages which are as yet but interesting to the American public to learn imperfectly known; he gives examples of differen- gaged in preparing these pieces for reprehow favourably the literary efforts of our

ces in the mode of writing (for example the Isuluki sentation amounts to no less than one countrymen-are regarded by them.

or Cherokee Reader of the missionaries, Buttrick hundred and forty eight writers of song or

and Brown), and contends with the difficulties dialogue, fifteen compositors, and five cho“ Worcester, Massachusetts, printed by Man. which oppose clearness and regularity iu the Eng-rographes or inventors of ballets. The ning: Archæologia Americana; Translations and lish more than any other alphabet. His treatise most prolific among this host of authors is Collections of the American Antiquarian Society. will certainly be of great utility in his own counVol. I. 1820. 436 pages in 8vo.

try; the comparison, which is here undertaken, of one M. Carmonche, who has composed " The conviction that the preservation of the the sounds of all the nations that are mentioned as thirteen vaudevilles. With regard to this monuments of antiquity and of the researches of inhabiting that region, may lead to the adoption of numerous offspring of the muse, a French learned men respecting them, are worthy objects of similar principles, especially since the author is sup- Journalist observes, that one third at least a national institution, occasioned the foundation of ported by so meritorious a student of languages as perished at once, that another third linthe American Antiquarian Society. A new im- M. Du Ponceau.” pulse has thus been given to the spirit of inquiry. Here follows in the review Mr Picker- longer; whilst of the remaining third about

gered in a weak and feeble state a little The president of the society, Isaiah Thomas, LL. D. has given

it considerable collections, and the ing's account of the manuscript dictionary a score would probably survive and become learned Dr Bentley increased their collection of of Seb. Râle, which is in the library of the known to posterity. It is calculated that books with nine hundred volumes of the works of University at Cambridge. No. 2 is spoken on an average at least 20,000 people are the best German authors, the most valuable works of as a work, in which many useful obser- nightly entertained at the various theatres printed in New England, and rare and valuable vations on the pronunciation of the several in Paris. Persian, Arabic, and other manuscripts ; individual members are constantly sending books and curi. Greek letters have been collected by a osities. Institutions commenced under such aus- scholar who understands the subject. pices come to maturity. “ This Society, which was first established in

The Christmas pantomime at Covent Massachusetts in 1812, and of which the origin,

“ THE VESPERS OF PALERMO." Garden theatre for the present season is act of incorporation, and laws are contained from A new tragedy with this title, founded entitled the “House that Jack built,” and page 13 to 59 (directly after the preface, table of contents, and the list of the members), offers in upon the well known Sicilian Vespers, has is founded upon the old nursery tale of the this first' volume of its transactions a multitude of lately been brought out at Covent Garden same name. In the course of the exhibition remarkable materials and well-digested investiga- theatre, but has met with an unfavourable one of the personages is represented as maktions, which have an interest not only for the his or at best a doubtful reception from the ing an aerial voyage in a balloon from Lontory of this part of America, but for the history of public, and been withdrawn for revision. don to Paris, and during the excursion, the man.

İt is the production of Mrs Hemans, who audience as well as the traveller are grat"Of course they are not all equally interesting is already known as the author of some ified with a view of the country over which in this point of view. We select what is most important in the communications of C. Atwater, Esq. poetry of acknowledged merit. The critics the balloon passes, the Thames, the chanand Samuel Mitchell, both unwearied in their re-allow to this tragedy great merits of style nel, &c. &c.; night comes on, and the balsearches."

and sentiment, and great poetical beauty.loon, emerging from the clouds, alights in Here follows, in the original review, an They in fact seem to attribute, in part at the garden of the Thuilleries. It is said abstract of all the communications of the least, its failure on the stage to the too that this spectacle is the most brilliant and gentlemen just mentioned. Their essays highly elevated strain of poetry and senti- splendid in scenery, and the most complete are called interesting and worthy of atten- ment which maintained throughout the in mechanical execution of any which has tion. The researches of Moses Fiske are piece; but which injures its effect as a theat- been presented at either of the theatres. also commended for their acuteness; and rical exhibition. the “excellent map of the river Ohio” is mentioned. The reviewer laments that so

A young Hungarian, named Leist, only few of the Indian songs are made pub

The tragical romance of Kenilworth has eleven years of age, is astonishing the musilic. A desire is expressed to announce been dramatized both in London and Paris. cal world at Paris, by his wonderful persoon the continuance of these valuable laIn the English drama the catastrophe is

formances. He is remarkable both for bours."

altered, and Varney is made to undergo the great rapidity of fingering on the piano forte, “1. Cambridge (in America), by Hilliard & Met. fate which in the original befals Amy Rob- and for a union with it of great delicacy

calf: An Essay on a Uniform Orthography for sart. What new disposition of the char- and firmness of touch, whilst at the same the Indian Languages of North America ; by acters is made in adapting it to the Paris- time he exhibits a beauty of expression John Pickering, A. A. S. 1820. 42 pages in ian stage, we do not know; be


which is equalled by few performers. He 4to. ** 2. At the same place : An Essay on the Pronun- sumed however that there is some im- also composes in the style of the greatest

ciation of the Greek Language ; by John Pick- portant change in the personages or inci- masters with the most wonderful facility. ering. 1818. 70 pages in 4to.

dents, since the title under which it is Since the time of Mozart, who at eight " It is very pleasing to observe the literary acti- announced is-Leicester or the Castle of years of age astonished several of the vity which is now awakening, in the free states of Kenilworth, A Comic Opera, in three acts ! European courts by his performances, nothNorth America. The increasing culture of the soil

ing has appeared so surprising as the exhi. and improvement of its productions employ not

bition of the talents of the young Leist. only many hands but also many minds. When their civil prosperity shall have long been established, many will be devoted to the pursuits of pro

It appears from some of the French

CONDENSATION OF GASES INTO LIQUIDS. found science. But even now there are on all Journals, that in the course of the year sides symptoms

such a tendency in that happy 1823, the Parisian Theatres have exhibited Mr Faraday, Chemical Assistant at the country. "On all sides societies are formed to ad- not less than 217 new pieces. Of these, Royal Institution in Great Britain, has vance the sciences (No. 1 and 2 belong to the eight were tragedies, twenty-two comedies, lately performed some very important and Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences). It has been said, that scientific cultiire one hundred and twenty-two vaudevilles, interesting experiments on the condensawill emigrate from Europe to America ; that must nineteen melodrames, fourteen comic operas, tion of the gases into liquids. In these exnot be. "We desire rather to remove still more and four grand operas; the remainder con- periments he has been favoured with the

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