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(Terminal of Union Transport Company at Stapleton, Staten Island, Port of New York)
Best Location in Port. Deep Water. Easy Access Under All Weather Conditions. Direct Rail Connections.
Ask for our flat rate per ton for complete handling of your steamers and for our despatch schedule. Better facilities-better despatch-less cost.
DOCKS AND WAREHOUSES
With direct Rail connections
IN THE NEWARK BAY DISTRICT
FOR SALE and TO LEASE
Will build new docks, warehouses, and industrial buildings for prospective tenants.
C. F. KRAEMER
Established Facts are
Marine carriers embodving
Your inquiry is solicited
C. V. S. WYCKOFF
776 Broad Street
Newark, N. J.
17 Battery Place
New York, N. Y.
Best location in port.
Deep water. Completely icefree. Easy access under all weather conditions. Ask for our flat rate per ton for complete handling of your steamers, and for our despatch schedule.
Better facilities - Better despatch-Less cost.
UNION TRANSPORT COMPANY, Inc.
42 BROADWAY, NEW YORK
"A NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL REAL ESTATE SERVICE TO MANUFACTURERS" WATERFRONT PROPERTIES AND FACTORIES-NEW YORK AND NEWARK HARBORS
18 E. 41st St., New York CROSS & BROWN COMPANY Essex Bldg., Newark, N. J.
Murray Hill 7100
Robins Dry Dock &
Erie Basin, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Tietjen & Lang
Dry Dock Co.
Tebo Yacht Basin Co.,
Foot of 23rd St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
White Fuel Oil Engineering
Dock Co., Inc.
Todd Dry Dock &
Todd Dry Docks, Inc. Harbor Island, 16th Avenue S. W. Seattle, Wash.
Todd Oil Burners, Ltd.
HERE are five
reasons why the facilities of Todd Shipyards Corporation appeal to ship owners for reconditioning, building, or repair: Location of seven plants, experience, reliability, speed, and economy
TODD SHIPYARDS CORPORATION
Main Office: 25 Broadway, New York
Ship Builders and Repairers-Engineers - Boiler Makers-Parsons Turbines
COPYRIGHT, 1923, BY
Port Authority's Powers Explained by Chairman
Eugenius H. Outerbridge Describes Administrative
and Judicial Functions.
Says Railroads Seem to
Eugenius H. Outerbridge of the Port Authority, in a recent statement, cites the powers Authority, in a recent statement, cites the powers and responsibilities of the commission, together with a description of its administrative and judicial functions, with which, he believes, the general public is not familiar. Mr. Outerbridge conclusively proves that through Federal sanction the Port Authority possesses the widest powers to carry out the Comprehensive Plan for the development of the Port of New York in the interests of the nation's commerce.
Mr. Outerbridge's statement reads in part as follows: "If I were to attempt to trace a family tree for the Port Authority or for the idea out of which it grew, I should have to go back many years to early and unaided efforts of a very few men who by personal experience in their business activities realized that we had been prodigal in the neglect of the opportunities for sound and scientific development in our terminal freight handling methods and who, in spite of the magnitude of the problem, of the visible trend to continue in old and inefficient ways, and of perfectly obvious and enormous difficulties of accomplishing reforms, determined nevertheless to devote themselves to the effort.
"After some years of struggle, success in getting official public support was almost achieved during the administration of the late Mayor Mitchel. He and his associates in the Board of Estimate were finally convinced that the City should appoint a competent body of transportation experts to make a scientific, complete study of existing conditions and report upon them with suggested remedies. For reasons that I need not go into here this failed of accomplishment.
"Then followed the New Jersey Rate case which brought the whole subject more prominently in the public eve. This emphasized the vital interests of the State of New Jersey as well as of New York in this port. It encouraged a larger view of the difficulties as well as of the benefits to be derived from treating it as a Bi-State problem. Before a decision was arrived at by the Interstate Commerce Commission in that case two states had been brought together to agree upon a Bi-State policy for investigation.
"Based upon the report of that Bi-State Commission the compact between the two states was arrived at and provision made for the establishment of a unified port district and the appointment of a Bi-State Port Authority as the administrative and constructive agency of the two states to prepare a Comprehensive Plan for the future development of the port, and when adopted by the two states, to effectuate the same.
"The Compact stated very broad powers to be vested in the Port Authority but withheld them until the Comprehensive Plan should have been adopted. It was adopted by the two states in 1921.
Twenty-five Cents a Copy
"When I said at the beginning that few people seemed to know what the Port Authority is I meant that few appreciated what this Act of Congress meant. The Congress of the United States under the Constitution has paramount power over interstate commerce. When it speaks on that subject, it is the last word. It supersedes and confirms or annuls all state powers. This Act of Congress, therefore, made the Comprehensive Plan of the Port Authority previously adopted by the two states a Federal plan binding upon all other Federal agencies having anything to do with matters at this port just as
HARBOR AND MARINE REVIEW
effectively as the mandate of the states had previously made it upon the Port Authority.
Cooperates with Great Federal Bodies
"Congress did not repeal or modify powers previously delegated to other Federal bodies, such as the War Department, the Interstate Commerce Commission and the United States Shipping Board, but it co-ordinated all those powers with the Port Authority so that all should cooperate in their respective jurisdictions in the effectuation of the plans for remedying the defects and improving the conditions in the interest of the commerce of the nation.
"No informed person can in future consider that the Port Authority is an academic body engaged merely in research work without power or means to accomplish reforms which it may deem necessary.
Impetus to Harbor Development
"Two immediate effects resulted from this action of Congress :
"1. The Board of Rivers and Harbors of the Army Engineers felt that with a definite plan for future development to work to and with effective powers to bring about developments they could wisely and safely recommend to Congress more liberal expenditures in the deepening of channels and improvement of the waterways over which the War Department has jurisdiction. The report of the Engineers recommended appropriations for this harbor for the next fiscal year, in round figures, of $8,000,000 as compared to $3,000,000 in 1922, $886,500 in 1921, $597,136 in 1920. Only in 1919 did the appropriations recommended ever approach the amount recommended this year and the 1919 recommendations were to make up for the deficiencies that were entailed by the war in the years from 1914 and 1919.
"2. The Interstate Commerce Commission, after mature consideration of the whole question, on its own motion in December last gave notice of an investigation to be conducted by concurrent hearings with the Port Authority to determine what steps in the accomplishment of the Comprehensive Plan may be now economically practicable, and notified all the transportation lines to appear at the hearings as respondents.
"The Interstate Commerce Commission, under the Acts of Congress, has very broad powers over the transportation lines which can supplement and complete other powers vested only in the Port Authority, so that together without any conflict of jurisdiction, everything that is necessary exists to bring about advantageous changes in the present methods and in the uses of present facilities as contemplated in the Comprehensive Plan.
"The Port Authority is vested with power to issue its own securities, to acquire, construct, lease or operate
new or existing facilities, and the States and Congress have agreed with each other that these securities shall be free of state or Federal tax.
"These concurrent hearings which were scheduled to begin March 15th have had to be postponed until April 5th because of a serious accident to the Chairman of Division 5 of the Interstate Commerce Commission, who was to preside.
"The Interstate Commerce Commissioners and the members of the Port Authority will sit together and will establish a common record upon the evidence which the staff of the Port Authority has prepared and which its counsel will present, and the railroad respondents will be given full opportunity to present their views.
"The Commissioners of the Port Authority and the Interstate Commerce Commissioners will each act in a judicial capacity in reaching determinations based upon the record to be made in these concurrent hearings. Functions of the Port Authority
"The Port Authority has, therefore, several functions: (a) Judicial;
(c) To develop through its staff the economic proof to enable the sequence of the various steps to be undertaken in carrying out the plan.
"The fundamental principles upon which the plan is constructed and the whole physical plan are now established by law, but the exact location of various projected Belt Lines is left to the determination of the Port Authority after further investigation and survey.
"I am not going into any description of the Plan, but I think it well to repeat here the fundamental principles on which it has been constructed. Enumerated they are:
"First-That terminal operations within the Port District, so far as practicable, should be unified;
"Second-That there should be consolidation of shipments at proper classification points so as to eliminate duplication of effort, inefficient loading of equipment and realize reduction in expenses;
"Third-That there should oe the most direct routing of all commodities so as to avoid centers of congestion, conflicting currents and long truck-hauls;
"Fourth-That terminal stations established under the com
prehensive plan should be union stations, so far as practicable;
"Fifth-That the process of co-ordinating facilities should so far as practicable adapt existing facilities as integral parts of the new system, so as to avoid needless destruction of existing capital investment and reduce so far as may be possible the requirements for new capital; and endeavor should be made to obtain the consent of the states and local municipalities within the Port District for the co-ordination of their present and contemplated port and terminal facilities with the whole plan;