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Port Newark Terminal from bay shore, showing shipyard and army base in foreground, industrial sites in upper section of picture and Pennsylvania Railroad property at the right. Newark proper shown in the background.

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Showing a small corner of the immense classification yard of the Pennsylvania Railroad at Port Newark. The Pennsy property skirts the city's waterfront and industrial sites at several points only the width of a street separating them. The Pennsylvania has under construction here the largest classification yard in the world.

HARBOR AND MARINE REVIEW

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The Submarine Boat Corporation, the Largest Shipyard in the Port of New York and Second Largest in the World

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HE Submarine Boat Corporation, as an agent of the United States Shipping Board Emergency Fleet Corporation during the war built a 28-way shipyard at Port Newark, on Newark Bay, representing an investment of sixteen million dollars. The Army spent approximately twelve millions at Port Newark in erecting modern warehouses and barracks. During 1918-19-20 one hundred and fifty standardized cargo carriers were delivered from the Port Newark shipyard, 118 of which entered the fleet of the United States Shipping Board, the company itself retaining 32 of the ships, a number of which it is offering for sale. "Their economy of operation," it has been said of them, "all-around efficiency and seaworthiness, as well as their excellent speed under all weather conditions, are the outstanding qualities which make them attractive purchases from a business viewpoint. These ships are standardized cargo vessels of 5,350 tons deadweight carrying capacity, propelled by steam turbine machinery, giving a sea speed of 101⁄2 knots in loaded condition. The hulls are 335 feet 6 inches in length, with a beam of 46 feet and a moulded depth of 28 feet 6 inches, the loaded draft being 23 feet." They consume a trifle, under 20 tons of fuel oil daily at sea, their fuel oil capacity of 1,100 tons giving them a voyage radius of 13,000 miles without refilling.

SOME DETAILS OF PORT NEWARK TERMINAL

Port Newark Terminal is located on the west shore of Newark Bay, and at present occupies a reclaimed area of 1,075 acres. Newark Bay is the western arm of New York Harbor, connected to that body of water by a natural deepwater channel known as the Kill van Kull. Newark Bay is formed by the confluence of the Passaic and Hackensack rivers, two navigable streams with a minimum channel depth of 20 feet. Newark Bay possesses a new channel of a mini1 mum thirty-foot depth from the Kill van Kull to Port Newark Terminal.

After considerable agitation, the City of Newark created the Bureau of Docks, January 1, 1914. The work of dredging, filling, grading and pier construction of Port Newark began in March of that year on a selected area of 250 acres, and continued until 1917, when the war interrupted the development plans. By this time the terminal property was sufficiently well advanced to attract the Submarine Boat Corporation to choose the site for a shipyard, and the United States Army to establish a gigantic supply base. The officials of the Submarine Boat Corporation were cognizant of the peace-time advantages that Newark Bay and Port Newark offered, and with the decline in ship construction they turned their attention to this site as a shipping center. The one obstacle to the establishment of a shipping base and auxiliary port to New York was the lack of deep water from the Kill van Kull to the ship channel and loading docks.

The need of a deeper channel was imperative to the city's water-front development, and the campaign to gain the ear of Congress for an appropriation for this work began in the late fall of 1919.

On May 1 the incorporation papers of the Atlantic Port Railway and Transmarine Corporation, component companies of the Submarine Boat Corporation, were filed. This was immediately followed by the announcement of the Transmarine Line service to Havana.

Acting upon the suggestion of Senator Jones, who stated

that those projects would be favored in which the communities invested their own funds, the City of Newark, with the utmost faith in its port, decided to deepen the channel to 31 feet from the ship channel to the Kill van Kull. In March, 1921, the City Commission approved of a bond issue for $1,250,000 for this purpose. The dredging company began operations on June 1st in the ship channel and bulkhead area.

Port Newark Terminal has a total area of 1,075 acres under development by the city. Over 250 acres are occupied at present by the Submarine Boat Corporation and the U. S. Army Supply Base. There are 350 acres on the south side of the ship channel immediately available for industrials. To any organization desiring to erect a factory, direct rail to water service is offered. Besides this, three new highways connecting the Lincoln highway on the west, north and south, enable the manufacturer to make short hauls to New York in one-half an hour, and to all available points in a fifty-mile radius within three hours. In the immediate vicinity is a steamship terminal, modern warehouses and three railroad breakup yards.

The Transmarine Corporation and the Atlantic Port Railway combine to offer manufacturers and shippers a service that is conspicuous by its completeness. This service may be

summarized as follows:

Rail. The Atlantic Port Railway connects Port Newark Terminal to the Pennsylvania, Lehigh Valley and New Jersey Central railroads directly, and through these carriers to the Lackawanna, B. & O., West Shore and Erie. Bills of lading can be made out to Port Newark from any location in the country. The tracks of the Atlantic Port Railway extend the entire length of the Transmarine loading dock and serve the warehouses and storage yard.

Water. The Transmarine Corporation has a fleet of 32 new steel cargo carriers available for ocean service. It has a fleet of twenty new steel barges and a regular schedule of sailings is maintained from the Port to Buffalo over the New York State Barge Canal. All-water deliveries are made in conjunction with lake steamers to Cleveland, Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukee, Duluth, Superior and all principal lake ports. Private warehouse service and store-door deliveries are provided at Buffalo.

Highway. Two broad highways, and a third nearing completion, enable Port Newark to serve the metropolitan district by motor truck within a half hour. The Transmarine Corporation has a fleet of powerful trucks for this short-haul

service.

Storage. The Transmarine Corporation has two large, modern, fireproof, guarded warehouses served by the latest freight-handling devices. More than a hundred acres are available for open storage, and these facilities make Port Newark Terminal ideal as a freight distributing center for western manufacturers.

INLAND MARINE INSURANCE

W. L. Webster & Co., Inc.

General Insurance Brokers and Adjusters 1 Liberty Street, New York City Telephones John 1787-8-9

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By E. W. Wollmuth, Secretary, Chamber of Commerce of Newark, New Jersey

REPRESENTATIVE of one of the largest engineering concerns of the country called recently at the offices of the Newark Chamber of Commerce. His firm is considering a relocation of the main offices, retaining at the present address only an executive office and moving the administrative forces to a more favorable center of activity. He was investigating the possibilities of Newark, and during the conversation of interrogation and enlightenment these questions were propounded to him:

NEWARK'S COMPELLING

ATTRACTIONS

Why did two of the newest and largest shipyards acquire large tracts in the Newark district? Why did one of the largest automobile concerns select this vicinity for the site of its eastern assembling plant? Why did another large automobile corporation choose this section for the erection of one of the most modern plants in the country? Why has one of the largest electrical companies increased its activities in and around Newark to major proportions? Why did a large insurance company move its administrative forces to Newark and erect a building costing more than a million dollars? What prompted a big fire extinguisher company to locate here? Why did a representative drug concern and a large book publishing company move here and why have hundreds of smaller industrials located here in the past few years? And why has there been a minimum of removals, and why has the balance of huge proportions been satisfied to remain and keep on year after year expanding their plants and increasing productions?

The representative of this concern was visibly impressed by this questioning. His reply was laconic "I'm going to find out," he said. "You have given me just the information I wanted, and I am go

the district. Briefly, these advantages relate to accessibility, transportation facilities, labor market, taxation, finances, municipal improvements and housing accommodations.

While perhaps not exactly typical, this interview is one of the many during the last year which presage an increasing influx of industrials into the Newark district. It must be understood that these prospective factories are not all large. Some of them are relatively small, employing perhaps fifty to a hundred workers. In the aggregate they bring quite as much business and multiply the prosperity of the community in the same proportion as the larger establishments. There is also the factor of expansion and the vast diversity of production to be considered, and altogether the conditions prompt accordance of the same hearty welcome to the smaller as well as the larger establishment.

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Chamber of Commerce Building to Be Erected During 1922 at Branford and Treat Places

ing to find out why these concerns came to Newark and why they are satisfied to remain."

SUPERIOR ADVANTAGES OF THE DISTRICT It is the intention of this representative to interview some of the concerns mentioned above. We are confident of the outcome, for we anticipate that he will be told that these concerns moved here because of the many superior advantages of

PORT NEWARK'S IMPORTANT
PART

In the location of new industries in Newark the Port Newark project is certain to play an important part. In this section there are more than 200 sites suitable for either light or heavy manufacturing. Skirting the inland ship canal leading from Newark Bay, these locations are either on or contiguous to highways which connect with thoroughfares giving quick access to metropolitan centers and points inland. These sites are served by railroad facilities that are said to be at least the equal of any on the Atlantic seaboard.

Concretely the service extended these sites embrace five trunk line railroads, a ship. canal nearer to lower New York Bay than is the Battery, three improved highways especially built by the city of Newark to serve this area and a population of 1,500,000 within a five mile radius.

The work that Newark is doing on the waterfront is certain to attract many commercial and industrial interests. With a 30-foot channel at mean low tide and with a system of modern docks and piers, the Newark water front is certain to prove a powerful magnet for new industrial plants and warehouses.

NEARNESS OF PORT NEWARK TO LOWER MANHATTAN In this connection it would be worth while for those inter

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