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For the Schoolmaster.
direction which that head-strong man, from Jeremy Taylor.
some strange motive, gave to the growing tal
ent of Taylor. He sent him to Oxford. Here H.
the mental culture and training fitted him still Sketch of his Life and Character and the Times
| better for his duties, while his lovely charac- His Style-Specimens of his Power as a Writer-Examples of his use of Illustration ter gained for him the esteem of all who knew - Conclusion.
him. The Archbishop advanced Taylor to Born, 1613; died, 1667.
the rectory of Uppingham, whence he was proJames I.—1603–1625. Charles I.—1625-1649. moted to the office of king's chaplain.
The Commonwealth-1649–1653. The Protectorate-1653–1660. Charles II.- At this time, on account of the ambition of 1660-1685.
Charles and the distrust of his subjects, ocJEREMY TAYLOR was a witness of the curred that revolution which ended in placing stormy scenes of the English Revolution. the king and his party under the domination He lived to see the short reign of Charles, of the Roundheads, and which made Cromthe martyr, best known by his faithlessness, well and his army the ruling power of the the overthrow of the power of that perfidious state. The fortunes and prospects of Taylor, king, the struggle which seated Cromwell in in common with those of the same political the chair of state, and finally, the revulsion of opinion, were ruined. Taylor sought refuge power after the death of Charles the First, from the storm, probably in Wales, where it which restored his son, Charles the Second, to is said he supported himself by teaching, and the throne of the Stuarts. Through all the that he was attached as chaplain to the royal fortunes of Charles, this good man remained army. It is asserted that he was actually loyal to his king. He chose the side of the taken prisoner in one of the revolutionary friends of the crown, and when they were battles. conquered, he shared in their tribulations. On the restoration of Charles II. were he
His birth was obscure. He was the son of stowed upon him the bishoprics of Down and a barber in Cambridge, in which town he re- Connor and Dromore, in Ireland. These fa. ceived his elementary education. The talents vors were granted, possibly, in common with which he possessed developed themselves very others, on account of his attachment to the early in life. At thirteen, he entered Caius crown. The degree of D. D. was also conCollege, at Cambridge, and soon after he re- ferred upon him, and afterwards the office of ceived his degree of Master ef Arts, he be- vice chancellor to the University of Dublin. came public lecturer at St. Paul's, in London. The honors received by this worthy man, The excellence of his discourses, the beauty who, like all truly great men, was truly humand grace of his person attained for him a ble, and the contemplation, in his retirement, richly merited fame.
of the various and abrupt changes of scene in The notorious Land was then Archbishop the political drama which was then enacting, of Canterbury. He soon heard of the rare strengthened his moral character, educated his and genuine talents of the young preacher and judgment and furnished him with ample matebecame interested in his welfare. Although rial for the study of human nature in its varied the name of Land suggests little of himself circumstances. To the truth of this asserbesides selfishness and misguided ambition, it tion, the character of his writings bears is worthy of some honor on account of the abundant testimony.
His productions are distinguished for rich is to be feared in public; he is to be feared in ness of illustration, for grace and dignity and private ; if you go forth he spies you ; if you for that directness and honesty which con- go in, he sees you; when you light the canvinces more powerfully than argument. There ale, he observes you; when you put it out, is, indeed, in his writings, more of evidence then also God marks you. Be sure that while than of argument. His is less the plea of a you are in his sight, you behave yourself as skilful lawyer than the charge of an experi- becomes so holy a presence.' But if you will enced judge. In the mind there is no oppo- sin, retire yourself wisely, and go where God sition to his precepts. He carries his readers cannot see ; for no where else can you be safe. with him, in his opinions, and he not only And certainly, if men would always actually convinces, but he gains them. As illustra- consider, and really esteem this truth, that tions of this power are the following exam- God is the great eye of the world, always ples given, from his “ Holy Living and Dy- watching over our actions, and an ever-open ing,” first, under the head of Purity of In-ear to hear all our words, and an unwearied tention :
arm ever lifted to crush a sinner into ruin, it " Holy intention is to the actions of a man would be the readiest way in the world, to that which the soul is to the body, or form to make sin cease from amongst the children of its matter, or the root to the tree, or the sun men and for men to approach to the blessed to the world, or the fountain to a river, or estate of the saints in heaven, who cannot sin the base to a pillar; for without these, the for they always walk in the presence, and bebody is a dead trunk, the matter is sluggish,
| hold the face of God.” the tree is a block, the world is darkness, the 3. The Value of Time : river is quickly dry, the pillar rushes into flat- “It is very remarkable, that God who give ness and a ruin ; and the action is sinful or eth plenteously to all creatures, he hath scatunprofitable and vain. The poor farmer, thattered the firmament with stars, as a man sows gave a dish of cold water to Artaxerxes, was corn in his fields, in a
corn in his fields, in a multitude bigger than rewarded with a golden goblet; and he that the capacities of human order ; he hath made gives the same to a disciple in the name of a so much variety of creatures, and gives us disciple, shall have a crown : but if he gives
great choice of meats and drinks, although water in despite, when the disciple needs wine
any one of both kinds would have served our or cordial, his reward shall be to want that needs; and so in all necessities of nature; yet water to cool his tongue.”
| in the distribution of our time God seems
to be straight-handed and gives it to us, not 2. The Presence of God :
as nature gives us rivers, enough to drown us, “The consideration of this great truth is of but drop by drop, minute after minute, so that a very universal use, in the whole course of we can never have two minutes together, but the life of a Christian. All the consequences he takes away one when he gives us another. and effects of it are universal. He that re- This should teach us to value our time, since members that God stands as a witness and a God so values it, and by his so small distrijudge, beholding every secresy besides his im-bution of it, tells us it is the most precious piety, must have put on impudence, if he be thing we have.” not much restrained in his temptation to sin. | A fine specimen of true poetry, an instance • For the greatest part of sin is taken away, if of the author's exquisite power in illustraa man have witness of his conversation. He'tion, is the well-known passage
Jeremy Taylor's description of the Lark, citement, let us set aside a quiet hour for pawhich they who have not patience to read the tient, serious thought on sober subjects, turnpreceding extracts will find worthy a careful ing back upon the records of the olden time, perusal. It is in illustration of the subject, to contemplate their beauty and their sterling Prayer :
worth, the offspring of thoughtful application. “ For so have I seen a lark rising from his Many old thoughts which are still fresh and bed of grass, and soaring upwards, singing vigorous, many fields of beauty and of solid as he rises, and hopes to get to heaven, and pleasure lie within the works of those writers climb above the clouds ; but the poor bird of whose class Jeremy Taylor was a reprewas beaten back with the loud sighing of an sentative.
J. W. o. eastem wind, and his motion made irregular and inconstant, descending more at every
For the Schoolmaster. breath of tbe tempest than it could recover
The Jests of Hierocles. by the libration and frequent weighing of his wings; till the little creature was forced to sit! The principle in human nature, which causdown and pant, and stay till the storm was
es men to delight in jokes and jests is univerover; and then it made a prosperous flight, and
sal. The “ Yankee Notions,” the “ London did rise and sing, as if it had learned music
Punch,” the “Paris Charivari,” and their and motion from an angel as he passed some
German counterpart, the "Fliegende Blatter," times through the air about his ministries here
afford sufficient evidence of the prevailing taste below. So is the prayer of a good man.”
for such literature among the most enlightenThere is sweetness and grace in the dictions
ed nations of our own age; while the sportive of the following story.
sallies, which often lie in wait behind the solThe Imitation of Christ :
emn looking Greek type of Aristophanes, or " It is reported in the Bohemian story, that
sparkle in the dignified hexameters of JuvenSt. Wenceslaus, their king, one winter night al, supply a proof of the love of jesting among going to his devotions, in a remote church,
the men of olden time. Nor are such works barefooted in the snow and sharpness of un
| by any means valueless to the philosophic equal and pointed ice, his servant Podavivus, student of men and manners. A single satir. who waited upon his master's piety, and en
ical scene in the comedy of the Clouds” ofdeavored to imitate his affections, began to
ten gives a far clearer insight into the hearts faint through the violence of the snow and
and homes of Athens, than many a duller and cold, till the king commanded him to follow more sober page of Plutarch. There are inhim, and set his feet in the same footsteps,
numerable passages in Terence, and in the which his feet should mark for him : the ser
Satires of Horace, which illustrate the intelvant did so, and either fancied a cure, or lectual and the moral peculiarities of reprefound one ; for he followed his prince, helped sentative men from all classes of Roman soforward with shame and zeal to his imitation, ciety with a more picturesq
ciety with a more picturesque air of reality and by the forming footsteps for him in the than ever surrounds the beautiful composisnow. In the same manner does the blessed tions of Cicero. Indeed our clearest, if not Jesus."
our only correct, ideas of the manners of the These examples may give some ideas of the Augustan age are due to the assiduous tristyle of the writer whom we have been study- / fling of the “friend of Mæcenas.” ing. In this day of haste and unnatural ex.! Displays of intellectual agility also promote
our appreciation of the characteristics of men each of which it is probably used by distant from us in time and place. On how Hierocles: 1st. A school-man, or man of much more familiar terms we are with Samson, leisure, who improves his time, but grows unafter he has proposed his riddle to the Philis- practical. 2d. A lazy, ignorant man of leistines! How much more closely we sympa- ure, who has neither theoretical nor practical thize with the hero, Edipus, when he dis- wisdom. What a sermon to school-men of the plays the identity of our own human nature present day is wrapped up in the etymology with his by solving the question of the Sphinx, of this single word! Among the brilliant “What being with four feet has two feet, and sayings and doings of this class of persons three feet, and only one voice; whose feet va- are the following. The first reminds us of the ry, and when it has most is the weakest ?" New England clergyman who carefully re
In the light of a study in human nature, a planted all his young bean-plants in a reversed certain sort of value and interest surrounds position, thinking that nature had made a the jests of Hierocles. The authorship of mistake in her first intention. these Greek “jeu d'esprits,” is generally im- 1. A silly fellow having a cask of Aminputed to a New Platonist, who lived in Alex- aean wine impressed his seal on the orifice. andria about the middle of the fifth century, But his servant having bored through it and acquired celebrity by his commentary on from below, and drawn out some of the the Golden Verses of Pythagoras. Whatever wine, the master wondered to see that it had opinion may prevail in respect of their authen- decreased before the seals were broken. “See ticity however, there can be no doubt that if it is not drawn from below," said his friend. these productions are worthy of our notice as “ You fool,” he answered, “the empty space illustrations of the modes of thought of both is not at the bottom ; it's at the top.” writer and readers at a very early period. 2. Another stupid pedant going out into They were first drawn from the obscurity of his fields asked the servant if the water in the the manuscript by Marq. Freherus, Landen- well there was good to drink. Being answerburg, 1605, and have since been printed in ed that it was, for his parents had drunk of several different forms at Leipsic, Paris, and it, he exclaimed, “ What long necks they must London.
have had to drink from such a deep well ! ” A translation of a few of these jests will 3. A foolish school-man being told that show that Irish Bulls were sometimes heard crows would live upwards of two hundred in the streets of Alexandria, and that some, years, bought one to try the experiment. at least, of our most brilliant newspaper wit- This is obviously the production of a mind ticisms have come out of the land of Egypt. similar to that which made up the common
The most unpalatable feature to “ R. I. story in our own country about the cedarSchoolmasters" is the fact, that all the jokes posts that have been again and again proved are cracked at the expense of "Scholasticus," to be capable of " lasting forever.” the type of a class of foolish pedants, who de- So the next strongly resembles the story voted all their leisure to unpractical specula- now imputed to an Irishman. tions. It is curious to trace the origin of this 4. A stupid fellow suffering shipwreck in word Scholasticus.” It is derived from a storm, when he saw each of his companScholè, meaning literally, leisure, but in fact ions embracing some piece of furniture for exactly our own word school. From this root, safety, threw his arms around one of the an“Scholasticus” gains two signfications, in Ichors.
5. A silly pedant wishing to know if he 14. A silly fellow meeting his friend, exlooked well asleep, shut his eyes and looked claimed, “I saw you in a dream the other in the glass.
night.” “Pardon me," said the other, " that One of our commonest jokes is told of, I did not notice you.”
6. A silly fellow, who, wishing to learn to 15. A foolish pedant, seeing some sparswim, was almost drowned. So he swore that rows on a tree, crept slyly under and shook he would never touch the water again till he it, spreading out his lap to catch them. had learned to swim.
16. A stupid fellow meeting a physician 7. Another, wishing to teach his horse to exclaimed, "Pardon me, and do not blame live without eating much, gave him no food at me for being so well.” all. When finally the horse starved to death, 17. A silly "Scholasticus" went to visit a his master said, “I have met with a great sick friend, and asked him how he did. But loss, for my poor horse died just at the very he was too weak to answer. This made him time that he had learned to live without eat- so angry that he exclaimed, “I hope I shall be ing."
sick before long, and I wont answer gou if 8. Another wishing to sell his house car- you come to see me." ried round a stone for a sample.
| The examples which we have given afford 9. A foolish school-man meeting another sufficient evidence of the similar tastes of said, “I heard that you were dead.” “But Greeks in Egypt, and of Anglo Saxons in you see I am not,” he returned. At that America, if we may judge by tne avidity with the silly fellow answered, “I would believe which such jests are now collected for newethe man who told me a great deal quicker papers and “ Editors' Drawers.” than I would you." 10. One of two brothers died, and a fool
For the Schoolmaster. ish fellow meeting the other, asked, “Is it
School Exhibitions. you that are dead, or is it your brother?"
11. A simpleton wishing to cross a river. The following letter, from an esteemed corwent aboard the ferry boat on horse-back. respondent, a Rhode Island teacher, brings to “Why do you do so ?" some one asked. “To our attention a subject of great importance. go quicker,” said he.
He writes that the thoughts here presented One or two of the jests pertain more partic- have been long struggling for expression; and ularly to the life of the student.
| remarks that after the letter was commenced 12. A foolish scholar, suffering from hun- he read that “a resolution was introduced ger, sold his books and bought himself a din- before the meeting of the school committee of ner. Writing to his father soon afterwards, Providence, in relation to school exhibitions.” he said, “ Congratulate me, father, for I The Providence Journal of Feb. 13, gives the have begun to get my living by my books." following report of the proceedings of the
13. A stupid fellow's friend wrote to him school committee relative to the subject : in Greece to buy him some books. But he “Mr. Barstow offered a resolution, directneglected to do it until unexpectedly meeting ing the Superintendent of Public Schools to his friend he exclaimed, “I never got your inform the teachers of the several schools that letter about those books."
in the exhibitions, at the close of the spring A few have never appeared in any English terms, the committee will expect an absence dress, so far as we know.
Tof all scenic representations and costumes