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er this conjecture is likely to be correct or not. solitary luxuriance over the fertile hills and Two hundred pounds of earth was dried in plains of South America, were these all oban oven, and afterwards put into a large tained from the thin air? Were the particles earthen vessel ; the earth was then moistened which unite to form our battle-ships, those with rain water, and a willow tree, weighing noble walls of wood, ever borne the world five pounds, was planted therein. During the about, not only on wings of air, but actually space of five years, the earth was carefully as air themselves ? Was the firm table on watered with rain water or pure water. The which I write, the chair on which I rest, the willow grew and flourished, and, to prevent solid floor on which I tread, and much of the the earth being mixed with fresh carth, or house in which I dwell, once in a form which dirt being blown upon it by the winds, it was I could not as much as lay my finger on, or covered with a metal plate full of very minute grasp in my hand? Wonderful truth ! all holes, which would exclude everything but this was air.-Life of a Tree. air from getting access to the earth below it. After growing in the earth for five years,
For the Schoolmaster. the tree was removed, and, on being weighed,
Singing Birds. was found to have gained one hundred and sixty-four pounds. And this estimate did
BY J. SWETT. not include the weight of the leaves or dead branches which, in five years, fell from the By the river, by the lake,
Where the silver ripples break, Now came the application of the test. Was In the lonely mountain glen, all this obtained from the earth? It had not
In the crowded haunts of men, been sensibly diminished; but, in order to
In the woods from footsteps free,
In the garden apple tree, make the experiment conclusive, it was again
Lights and shadows Alitting round, dried in an oven in the balance. Astonishing
Little singing birds are found. was the result-the earth weighed only two ounces less than it did when the willow was
In the northern land of storms, first planted in it ! yet the tree had gained
'Mid the icebergs' awful forms, one hundred and sixty-four pounds. Mani
Under burning tropic skies festly, then, the wood thus gained in this Where the verdure never dies, space of time was not obtained from the earth; | Where Siberian exiles roam we are therefore compelled to repeat our In their cold and cheerless home, question, "Where does the wood come from?" Where the Niger rolls his tide We are left with only two alternatives ; the
Little singing birds abide. water with which it was refreshed, or the air
In the valleys green and low, in which it lived. It can be clearly shown
Where the brooks through meadows flow, that it was not due to the water; we are,
Where the dark pines rear their forms, consequently, unable to resist the perplexing
Battling with the mountain storms, and wonderful conclusion, it was derived from
In the fields amid the flowers, the air.
In the sunshine after showers, Can it be? Were those great ocean spaces Lights and shadows flitting round, of wood, which are as old as man's introduc
in s introduc-1 Little singing birds are found. tion into Eden, and wave in their vast but' Feather River, Cal.
For the Schoolmaster,
body the principle in common life? Did they Relation of Christianity to Education.
erect it into a system until it permanently ex
isted, set forth in the moral nature of man: The history of the evangelists and the gos
No, it never ranged itself along the heavenpel writings plainly indicate that the idea of
touched confines of their being until Christ genuine, religion, in union with enlightened |
made it what God intended, a never-dying knowledge, never existed in the world before
principle in the spirit of man. the commencement of the Christian era. All other kinds of ancient intellection-the schools When Christianity was established, it was of philosophy, and general progress in knowl- upon a basis of free thought. “There is no edge, were hailed with delight among man- distinction,” said the Great Teacher, “bekind. The grand maxims that entered the tween Jew and Gentile, but Christ is all in soul of Greece, and lodged in the minds of all.” In this idea the freedom of all the naAthenian scholars, did not influence in any tions was founded. The instructive epistles marked degree, their characters. The doc- of Paul, exclusive of their doctrine, show trines were embraced as speculations, not as how far he was animated with the spirit of great moral principles, and they never appear a preceptor, and how faithfully he devoted to have urged the recipients of them into a himself to the service. There is in those writdevotion to the higher obligations of life. ings, the most minute instruction with regard The plant of genius was cultivated for the to the regulation of the world of home, and ease, repose and shade it transmitted, not for for all domestic virtues. To study them atthe precious fruit it yielded. The thought of tentively, is to understand our duty to wife, imparting knowledge to the vulgar among the
child, father, mother, friend and servant. Greeks or Romans, was utterly at variance
Were any sick, Luke, the physician, was ready with all established usage ; and even the re
| among the diciples to blend his skill with ligious regulations of the Jewish people, was mind healing. Were any in sorrow, John never intended for those distant, idolatrous poured the balm of consolation into the nations who knew nothing of a spiritual rev
itual rey wounded heart. Miraculous gifts ingrafted elation.
upon their knowledge, so freely imparted, Until Christianity became developed as a gave them a might and majesty never before system, no universal and comprehensive use
known in the world. was made of knowledge, nor was instruction The miraculous gift of tongues teach us freely imparted to the whole living race of one great fact, the advantage of education, men. The heathen philosophers, many of and how necessary it is for instructors to be them, believed in the immortality of the soul. possessed of the necessary endowments. Such Thales, one of the seven wise men, it is said, supernatural aid is no longer vouchsafed to first declared the soul of man to be immortal, preceptors. There are no Pauls or Peters to .and the eloquent Cicero, in one of his orations, speak with unknown tongues to wonder-strik-says: “If I err in believing that the souls en hearers. We must first be taught in order of men are immortal, I am willing to err, nor to teach, and by human meditation not only, would I have this error, which is the delight but by the mandate of the Infinite Spirit. of my life, extorted from me.” What use, To come down to our times. Free instruchowever, was made of this knowledge ? Did tion allied to Christianity, is the grand conthey, with the zeal of sincere devotees, em-1 ception of the modern era. The light of knowledge now poured in upon the soul in Pestolozzi, of whose genius so much has heathen lands, where the labors of the mis- been written, simply embodied the idea of sionary heal the deformities of life, is made christian teaching, irrespective of class, conpalpable and abiding through the spirit of dition or nation. Unlike Aristotle and the Christianity. The school house is the off- philosophers of antiquity, who had only the spring of the church, and their agencies clear- rich and noble for pupils, he spread light ly assimilate ; moreover, they can never have among the dark places,-among the vulgar their true efficiency without a total disunion and poor, those by the way, who always reof church and state alliances. Such was ear-quire instruction most and who are generally ly Christianity, and its spirit must exist in prohibited from its benefits. Some new printhe same freedom in our day, in order to have ciples were applied to the mental conditions its true efficiency. Two of the early fathers of pupils, to be sure, nevertheless, wherever speak of a bishop, and none of them of a he found pure native mind, rich in the power pope. Polycarp invariably calls the leaders of acqusition and retention, rewarding the in the church presbyters, literally ancients. world and his own care with a redundant Reverence for the unseen world, and the Progh
progress, it was in such a soil that he most glorious works of God, comes not through
improvingly and tenderly sowed the seed of the panoply of power, and, in the blending of
thought, and waited for the harvest. So knowledge with religion, no political tenden
Christ chose his apostles from among all grades cies ought to intrude themselves. The cove
of humanity, and they stand forth huge, vast nanting spirit of grace organizing itself into
and grand in their proportions, successful beauty beneath the eye of God, knows not of
builders of the temple of the human soul. thraldom. Who, in a time of distempered war and passion, brought about by the tem
For the Schoolmaster. poral policy of a sarcerdotal system, is fit to
My First Day in School. enter this kingdom of love, peace and instruction?
I remember it as though it were yesterday. In the actions of our Puritan ancestors, It was more than thirty years ago. The free religion and free instruction were collat- « Merry month of May” was unfolding its eral ideas. It was here, as it must be else- flowers, and had already rendered the woodwhere, always retarded by Indian warfare. land vocal with the early song of birds. The The general court of Massachusetts passed a sky was clear, and the air was balmy. From law ignoring the expense of schools until each my father's door the old wagon road wound village reached the aggregate of a hundred its way along the hill-sides, inclosed on either families. For a lengthened period the Indian side by the crooked rail fence, newly repaired, massacres limited the numbers far short of with here and there an intervening piece of that requsition, consequently appropriations stone wall, until the distance of a mile and a for schools were small and educational aid | half brought us to the old-fashioned country from the towns very slight. Nothwithstand-school house. My anticipations were high ; ing, we see at that remote period the first be at least, my curiosity was thoroughly awake. ginning of that system of free instruction, I did not recollect having traversed the way now expanded and diffused into an august before ; and on coming within sight of the system.
residences of two intervening neighbors, I felt quite sure that each, in turn, was the ceed in maintaining its own centre of gravity, school house. I was accompanied by an old and the summer display of mingled boughs er sister, who, from past familiarity with the of pine, and oak, and chestnut, and wild sunroute, was able easily to rectify my mistakes; flowers, and red and yellow lilies interspersand at length we reached the school house, ed, in the broad old fire-place—my schoolstanding unguarded by wall or fence, upon a days had their beginning. During the first triangular space left by the intersection of three months of my school-life, presided a two public highways and a cut across, at teacher whom I cannot and desire not to forsome little distance from the apex, for the ac- get. How much she knew, we could not precommodation of such as might prefer a grad- cisely tell; perhaps we did not think. No ual turn to a sharp angle. When we arrived, doubt we all thought her very wise. One the children were assembling from various thing, however, we kner, for we felt it, she directions with their books, and their baskets was kind, and we loved her. Beside her knee of dainties, to be duly deposited in the large we stood to read our first monosyllables, and cupboard beside the fire-prace, against the coveted no more enviable position. We learnhungry noon-time. The cupboard had been ed rapidly, I am sure, for I could soon spell thoughtfully located there for security against in “ Baker Table,” and read “ The wicked the attacks of frost in winter; or, perhaps flee when no man pursueth, but the righteous I should rather say, to undo its work, I are bold as a lion;” and “ The eye that mockfor it was no uncommon occurrence for the eth at his father, and despiseth to obey his minced pies, sausages, and apples, on their mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it way to school, during the frosty mornings of out, and the young eagles shall eat it.” winter, to emulate the condition of the wal
| I think her " task” must have been “ derus beef of the parties of Dr. Kane, on their
lightful.” Certainly she rendered that of her exploring expeditions in the frozen north.
pupils so, and when she took leave of us, at I will not consume time in telling how the close of the term, we all wept tears of strange it seemed to me, at first, to be debar-real sorrow at the thought of separation, for red from a free expression of my sentiments, we all felt that we were about to lose a true as inclination might dictate, or to be denied friend. How much of our subsequent sucthe free use of my limbs to carry me to the cess we owe to this kind teacher it is impossidoor when the rattling wheels gave notice of ble to say; doubtless much. For myself I some passer-by; or how grateful was the hour I may safely affirm it. Under her tuition I first of intermission, or how soon I knew the learned to love my school, and this love nevnames of all the scholars—how much I enjoy- er left me. School was ever afterward a pleased their sports, and how we sometimes quar- ant place. I continued to love it in spite of relled ; I have invited attention for a different the rod and ferule and other like appliances purpose.
of the times. Under her guidance I won my In that old building-small and low, and first success and gained the reputation of a shabby, guiltless of paint, within and with good scholar, which, notwithstanding the
out, and of all other ornament save that egotism, I shall venture to assert that I never • which the « great boys" had carved on mu- / lost. Through years of earnest study, amid
ral desk of pine and seat of oak, a rough, difficulties and pecuniary embarrassment, it four-legged slab, which did not always suc. I did not forsake me. After three fourths of a score years of teaching, my love of study and
For the Schoolmaster. of school still remains fresh; and, if there is Deaf and Dumb Institute, Hartford, Ct. truth as well as poetry in the familiar lines,
BY JOE, THE JERSEY MUTE. ** 'Tis education forms the common mind; Just as the twig is bent the tree's inclined,"
e tree's inclined.” | I Am under obligations to the officers of the I might not transcend the limits of truth,
Deaf and Dumb Institute, Hartford, Connecwere I to assert that I owe more of my suc
ticut, for a copy of the forty-first Annual Reoess to this unassuming teacher than to all the
port* of the directors of that institution. The rest whose instructions I have enjoyed. It is
report must have been drawn up-not by the
directors, as it purports to have been—but by said of one of our most talented and success
the Rev. Mr. Turner, the efficient principal of ful public men, that he attributes his success in Do small degree, to the impulses that he re
the institution. With regard to the literary ceived from his village schoolmistress, who
execution of the report, it is evidently the
production of a scholar. At the risk of weaalways insisted upon having every task per
rying your readers, I print in full the followformed promptly and well. In conclusion, I would just hint a gentle
ing catalogue of the officers of the institution : reproof to those teachers who, while enjoying
Principal–Rev. William Turner, A. M. the most ample opportunities for giving a right! Instructor of the Gallaudet High School direction to the intellectual and moral char-Jared A. Ayres, A. M. acter of their pupils, are longing, painfully,
Instructors—Laurent Clerc, A. M. ; Samuel to be teaching older pupils and bigher branch- |
s and bigher branch. Porter, A. M.; Henry B. Camp, A. M.; Rev. es. Let them remember there is no grade of
John P. Keep, A. M.; John C. Bell, A. M.; scholars so low as not to furnish exercise for
Richard S. Storrs, A. M. ; Edward M. Galqualities of the highest order. Hon. Horace
laudet, Wilson Whiton, James L. Wheeler, Mann gave a most fitting reply when asked
Elizabeth Bacon. Mary A. Mann, Sarah W. his opinion respecting the right kind of a
Storrs. teacher to instruct young children, in saying,
Teacher of Articulation-Eliza H. Wadsin substance, that the best teacher for the in
worth. fant mind is the Infinite mind; thus indicat
Teacher of Drawing-F. Julius Busch. ing that the qualifications of a teacher, even
Teacher of Penmanship—W. R. Small. for the young, cannot possibly be too high.
Attending Physician-E. R. Kent, M. D. I add one word of exhortation to those who
Steward—I. M. Allen. would have their own "task” "delightful,” |
Matron-Mrs. Phebe C. White. in the present, and have it prove a source of
Assistant Matrons-Nancy Dillingham, M. delight, both to themselves and their pupils,
A. Hull. in the future,-be ever kind, faithful and true* The report is embellished with a beautifully exein the discharge of your duties, in all circum
cuted lithographic portrait of the late Lewis Weld, stances whatever.
for many years the principal of the Hartford Institu1. F. C.
tion. To him belongs the merit of having educated
some of the most gifted mutes in the country. Mr. If you have a friend who loves you – who John Carlin, of New York, a miniature painter of merhas studied your interest and happiness, - de- it, and an author besides ; Mr. Henry W. Conrad, of
Philadelphia, a painter, and Mr. Albert Newsom, of fended you when persecuted and troubled, —
Philadelphia, one of the best lithographic engravers in • be sure to sustain him in his adversity.
the United States, were his pupils.