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Dr. Manning, with his undergraduates, re- terior, Dr. Manning possessed in no common moved hither.
measure. His person was graceful and comThe work of instruction went on with reg- manding, and his countenance was remarkaularity till the Revolution, when a gap occurs in bly expressive of sensibility, dignity and the catalogue of Commencements, from 1777 to cheerfulness." In his youth, he was noted 1782. The College edifice recently completed, for bodily strength and activity. These qualwas occupied at this time by the State militia, ities he was accustomed to display in the athand as a French hospital for the troops of letic exercises common among the young men Rochambeau. In 1786 the President was of his day, and in his mature years, in some elected to Congress, where he gave his influ- of the severer labors of husbandry. Unpoetence to the establishment of the Constitution, ical as the occupation may seem, he somestill retaining the College office. His appoint- times made his own stone wall; and in the ment to this place of responsibility, which use of the scythe, he acknowledged no supewas spontaneously and unanimously confer- rior among the best trained laborers in the red upon him by the General Assembly, upon meadow. To his habits of vigorous muscular his casual appearance among them, was, says exercise may be attributed, in part, his excelJudge Pitman in his address to the Alumni, lent constitution, and the sound health, which, as honorable to themselves as to him. His till within a few years of his death, he unindeath occurred on Friday morning, July 29th, terruptedly enjoyed. 1791, in the 53d year of his age. His re- “ The voice of Dr. Manning was not among mains were carried into the College Hall, the least of his attractions. To its extraordiwhere prayer was offered by the Rev. Dr. nary compass and harmony may, in no small Hitchcock, after which they were deposited degree be ascribed the vivid impression which in the North Burial Place. “ The funeral," he made upon minds. How potent is the fassays the United States Chronicle, published cination of a musical and expressive voice ! in Providence at that time by Bennett Wheel- How sad to think, that, in these days of aler, " is thought to have been the most num most universal accomplishment, this mighty erous and respectable ever attended in this instrument for touching the heart of man town.” Dr. Manning may be regarded in should be comparatively neglected! When one sense as the Founder of the College, for in connection with a more careful culture of although the plan of it originally emanated our moral being, the voice shall be trained to from the Philadelphia Association, as stated a more perfect manifestation of its powers, a in the commencement of this account, it was charm, hitherto unfelt, will be lent to the nevertheless owing to his personal influence graceful pleasures of life, and an influence of and exertions, that it was happily matured, almost untried efficacy to its serious occasions. and from a state of infancy and trial, nurtur- « The manners of Dr. Manning were not ed and developed, until it attained, before the less preposessing than his personal appeartermination of his labors, a position of com- ance. They seemed to be the expression of parative affluence and respectability.
that dignity and grace for which he was so The following particulars relating to his per- remarkable, and of which he appeared to be sonal appearance, habits and manners, from entirely unconscious-a dignity and grace, the graceful pen of his biographer, Professor not artificial or studied in the least, but the Goddard, are appropriate in this connection : gift of pure nature. He was easy without
“ The advantages of a most attractive ex- Inegligence, and polite without affectation. Unlike many of the distinguished men in our longest, in proportion to his years, of any percountry, he was too well bred to adopt an air son in the United States. In 1802 he succeedof patronage and condescension towards his ed Dr. Edwards in the Presidency of Union inferiors either in talent or in station. As a College, New York. Here he officiated with Christian, also, he felt the importance of cul- increasing reputation until 1804, when he was tivated manners, and he acknowledged no ne- called to another sphere of action. In that cessary connection between the sternest fideli- year, upon the establishment of the South ty to principle and the precision and austerity Carolina College, he received the appointment with which it is sometimes found associated. of President, and accepted it with the fond Like the venerable Wheelock, the founder of anticipation of finding a warmer clime more Dartmouth College, he abhored all religious congenial to his constitution. Over this inprofession which was not marked with good stitution he presided until his death, which manners."
occurred in 1820, in his 53d year. His Col“In the discipline and instruction of the legiate Addresses have been recently publishCollege, Dr. Manning was eminently success- ed, in a small duodecimo form, in London. ful. He secured the obedience of his pupils, From the biographical introduction to these rather by the gentleness of parental persua- Addresses, by Prof. Romeo Elton, the followsion than by the sternnesss of official author- ing extracts are made : ity. His instructions, which were always
“ In his person he was rather small of statoral, never failed to command their attention, ure, yet of a fine and well proportioned figure. and to leave upon their minds a distinct im- His features were regular and manly, indicat. pression. Classical learning was his forte, and ing intelligence and benevolence; and, especto the classics and their cognate branches, he ially in conversation and public speaking, they principally confined himself.”
were strongly expressive. Grace and dignity
were also combined in his movements." “On the Christian character of Dr. Man- “ As a scholar, Dr. Maxcy held a very high ning his life is the best eulogy. His religion rank. His stores of knowledge were varied was wrought into the texture of his moral be- and profound, and he had at all times the i ng. It exerted a pervading and habitual con- command over them, Like the celebrated trol, regulating his principles, tastes, habits Robert Hall, he appears to have evinced an and opinions. It exhibited no disproportions, early taste for metaphysical studies, and to it delighted in no bustle ; it was reflected in have thoroughly understood the various sysno strong lights. In life it was his animating tems of philosophy. To this circumstance spirit-in death it was his sustaining hope.” was probably owing much of that clearness,
In 1792 he was succeeded in the Presidency precision and facility, which enabled him at by the Rev. Jonathan Maxcy, who, the year once to separate truth from error, and to wield before, upon the death of Manning, had been his arguments with irresistable effect.” chosen Professor of Divinity, He was born
“ As an instructor Dr. Maxcy possessed unin Attleborough, Massachusetts, in 1767. usual ability, and, perhaps, no President of When only 33 years of age the honorary de- any college in the United States ever enjoyed gree of Doctor in Divinity was conferred upon a higher reputation. The precision and perhim by Harvard University. He was, it is spicuity with which he could develope his believed, appointed to the office of a college ideas in the most appropriate language, renderPresident the youngest, and officiated the ed him peculiarly qualified for this office. His
numerous pupils all unite in pronouncing him, lite literature he had no particular fondness, as a teacher, one of the most perfect models.” but he was a good classical scholar, and was
“ As a preacher, Dr. Maxcy's reputation well versed in the mathematics, and the several did not depend so much on any one striking branches of natural philosophy. In moral excellence, as on the union of many. These science, also, we have known few better reawere so happily combined, that it would be soners or more successful teachers. In fine, difficult to say which was the most prominent. Dr. Messer was remarkable, rather for the His conceptions were vigorous, and were ex-vigor than the versatility of his powers ; rathpressed in a pure, terse and eloquent style. er, for solid acquirement, than for captivating A profound and breathless silence, and intense embellishments; rather for wisdom than for feeling, and a spirit of holy elevation, were wit; rather for grave processes of ratiocina the almost invariable attendants of his preach- tion, than for the airy frolics of fancy." ing."
It was soon after the commencement of his “In the character of Dr. Maxcy, mental administration, in September, 1804, that the and moral worth were happily combined. College received the name of Brown UniversiAnd so long as genius, hallowed and sublim-ty, in honor of Nicholas Brown, its most dised by piety, shall command veneration, he tinguished benefactor. He was the son of will be remembered in his country as a star of Nicholas Brown, one of the “ four brothers," the first magnitude.”
(Nicholas, Joseph, John and Moses) whose The Rev. Asa Messer, a graduate of the Col. comprehensive views, mercantile energy,
and lege in 1790, succeeded Dr. Maxcy, and occu- enlarged philanthropy, contributed so much to pied the Presidency twenty-four years, until the prosperity of their native town, and to the 1826, when he retired from office. Possessing growth and success of the College in the days a handsome competence, the fruit, in part, of of its infancy. Mr. Brown was born in Pror. his habitual frugality, he was enabled to pass idence, on the fourth of April, 1769. He the remainder of his life in the enjoyment of graduated in 1786, under the presidency of independent leisure. His fellow-citizens, of Dr. Manning, and in 1791, at the early age Providence, elected him for several years to of twenty-two, he became a member of the responsible municipal trusts, which he dis- Corporation. In 1796, he was elected Treascharged with characteristic punctuality and urer of the Corporation, which office he held uprightness. He died, after a short illness, in until September, 1825, when, having been 1836, aged 65 years.
elected to the Board of Fellows, he was suc“ His religious opinions,” says Prof. God- ceed by the late Moses B. Ives, who retained dard, “especially for the last twenty years of the office until his death, August 7, 1857. his life, corresponded nearly to those of the During a period of nearly thirty-two years, General Baptists of England.
He was a
we may remark in this connection, Mr. Ives strenuous advocate for the supremacy of the thus superintended the financial affairs of the scriptures, and for their entire sufficiency in institution, giving to the promotion of its matters of faith and practice. As a preacher, highest interests, his valuable time, his wise he wanted the attractive graces of elocution; counsels, and his liberal benefactions. His but he never failed to address to the under- death has occasioned a vacancy which will standing and the conscience, the most clear not soon be filled. and cogent exhibitions of the great practical Mr. Brown, as Treasurer, had a full knowltruths of the Bible. For what is termed po- 'edge of the wants of the College, and prompt
ly came forward, with unexampled liberality, have received his instructions, will bear testito its relief. In 1804 he founded a professor-mony to the power of his teachings, and the ship of Oratory and Belles Lettres. In 1822, thoroughness of his discipline. he erected, at his own expense, Hope College, Dr. Wayland was born in New York, of and in 1834, Manning Hall. His recorded ben- English parentage, in 1796. He graduated at efactions to the University, during a period of Union College in 1813, at which institution he more than forty years, including land and was afterwards tutor, for a period of five buildings, at their estimated value when given, years, during the latter part of which time he and also bequests, amount in round numbers preached to a congregation at Burnt Hills. to one hundred and sixty thousand dollars. He has recently been engaged in supplying He died full of honors and years, surrounded the pulpit of the First Baptist Church and Soby those who venerated and loved him, on the ciety in Providence. 27th of September, 1841, in the 73d year of He was succeeded in the Presidency by the his age. His son, Mr. John Carter Brown, it Rev. Barnas Sears, who was unanimously should be added, continues the same gener- elected to this high office at a special meeting ous interest in the welfare and progress of of the Corporation held on the 21st of Authe University, which characterized his fath-gust, 1855. Dr. Sears was born in Sandiser's life from early manhood throughout. field, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, in
Mr. Messer was succeeded in the Presidency 1802, and graduated at the University in 1825, by the Rev. Francis Wayland, in 1827. His under President Messer. In 1829 he was apadministration has been distinguished by pointed to a Professorship in the Hamilton many important reforms in the government of Literary and Theological Institution, New the College, and in the distribution of its York, now Madison University, where he restudies. He resigned his office in 1855, hav- mained until 1833, when he left for Europe, ing been the executive head of the University and spent several years in the study of Thetwenty eight years, during which period he ology, Classical Literature, and Philosophy, administered its affairs with consumate ability, at the Universities of Halle, Leipsic, and Berand by his personal character, and the geni- lin. Upon his return he was appointed to a us and spirit of his writings, greatly extend- Professorship in the Theological Seminary at ed the reputation of the College, until for Newton, Massachusetts, where he remained sound learning and morals, it has come to be twelve years. In 1848 he was called to the regarded as second to no institution in the post, made vacant by the resignation of the land. The external monuments of his presi- Hon. Horace Mann, of Secretary and Execudeney, the halls and mansion which have been tive Agent of the Massachusetts Board of Ed. added to the University buildings, the noble ucation, which place he filled with distingushLibrary and the fund that secures its perpet- ed usefulness and honor, for a period of sevual growth, the recent munificent endowment en years. In these several situations, all of of one hundred and twenty-five thousand dol- them connected with the interests of educalars, and the increased pravisions for the high- tion and learning, Dr. Sears has become wideest education, have all been reared, either di- ly known to the public, and by his professionrectly or indirectly, by his untiring energy and al labors and published writings has acquired zeal; and they will perpetuate to coming gen- a high reputation for superior talents and vaerations the priceless services to education ried scholarship. He was thus prëeminently which he has thus rendered, while those who' fitted to become the successor of Wayland
and Messer, Maxcy and Manning. His ad- raries present, in addition, an aggregate of ministration as the President of the Universi- 6000 volumes. The last triennial catalogue, ty has thus far been highly successful, while published in 1856, gives the entire number of his unvarying courtesy and kind genial spirit graduates as 1809, of whom 1212 are now livhave won for him the esteem of his fellow cit. ing. Of this number of graduates 506 have zens, and the universal love of the students. been ordained as ministers, of whom 334 are
The University at present has four college now living. buildings or halls, and a mansion house for The present number of undergraduates is the President, as follows: University Hall, 225. The officers of instruction are the Presbuilt in 1770-1, of brick, four stories high, ident, eight professors and an assistant pro150 feet long and 46 wide, with a projection fessor, besides the librarian, whose duties are in the centre on the east and west sides, of 10 confined to his particular department. There by 32, containing 58 rooms for officers and are two vacations, one commencing about the students; Hope College, built in 1821-2, of last week in January, of three weeks; and brick, four stories high, 120 feet long and 40 another, commencing about the second week wide, containing 48 rooms for officers and stu- in July, of eight weeks. Besides these there dents, including two halls for the Philermen- are two recesses of one week each. The ian and United Brothers Societies ; Manning Annual Commencement exercises occur on Hall, built in 1834, of stone covered with ce- the first Wednesday in September, during ment, 90 feet in length, including the portico, which week candidates for admission to the by 42 in width, two stories high, containing College are examined. upon the first floor the Library room, and upon the second the Chapel; Rhode Island Hall,
The Three Callers. built in 1839-40, of stone covered with ce- Morn calleth fondly to a fair boy straying ment, 70 feet long by 42 wide, with a projec
Mid golden meadows, rich with clover dew; tion on the west side of 12 by 26, two stories she calls, but he still thinks of naught, save high, containing on the first floor two lecture
playing: rooms for the Professors of Chemistry and of And so she smiles, and waves him an adicu ! Natural Philosophy, on the second floor an Whilst he, still merry with his flowery store ample hall for the Cabinet of Mineralogy and Deems not that Mörn, sweet Morn, returns no Geology, Portraits, &c., and in the basement a Chemical Labratory suitable for conducting Noon cometh—but the boy to manhood growing, chemical analysis, and the various processes
Heeds not the time-he sees but one sweet form, of chemistry applied to the Arts. Its enclos. One young, fair face, from bower of jasmine
glowing, ures are graded and adorned with stately elms,
And all his loving heart with bliss is warm. comprising, with its adjoining grounds, up
So Noon, unnoticed, seeks the western shore, wards of 14 acres of land, situated in the
And man forgets that Noon returns no more. eastern section of the city, between Water
Night tappeth at a casement gleaming man, Brown, George and Prospect streets.
With the thin fire-light flickering faint and low, Its invested funds, including the Library Fund,
By which a gray-haired man is sadly dreaming amount to two hundred thousand dollars.
O'er pleasures gone-as all life's pleasures go; The College Library contains 28,000 carefully Night calls him to her-and he leaves his door, selected bound volumes, besides a large collec
Silent and dark, -and he returns no more! tion of unbound pamphlets. The Society Lib